HealthMany homeless people experienceissues with health including mentalillnesses. With limited knowledge oftransport and available services, thisreflects their ability to access healthservices, and could lead to difficultiesin travelling to different healthservices for assistance.Without health insurance the highcosts of treatment servicescontributes as another factor leadingto low wealth, which could lead tohomelessness
HousingAs shelter is one of the basichuman needs. A significant cause ofhomelessness is the lack ofaffordable and safe housing. TheSupported AccommodationAssistance Program (SAAP)provide transitional supportedaccommodation and relatedsupport services to the homeless orthose of becoming homeless. Thegovernment also assist eligiblepeople affected by domesticviolence or other exceptionalcircumstances to start a new home.
Security andsafetyTo not have the simple basic needs met, similar to shelter, food, andwater, this provides little security or safety of a homeless person/people. It isdifficult to create long-term plans whilst being homeless as it is anunpredictable way to live. The homeless must constantly be aware of otherswho may steal what little possessions they have or hurt them physically. Thework of charities and government organisations is essential to provide somehope for the homeless to improve their position.
Self-esteemMany people experiencing chronic homelessness often havevery few social connections. This may be due to the lost ofcommunication with family, friends and community contacts.They may feel socially isolated. The self-esteem of homelesspeople are usually very low, and may be aggressive towardssupport services because of their previous experiences. Ifthe person became homeless due to an abusiverelationship, they would have to have support to overcomethe feelings that could’ve been factors to lead tohomelessness; such as guilt, anger, fear and depression.After overcoming these emotions, they can begin to rebuildtheir life.
Sense of IdentityWith no permanent residence, little or no wealth, and limited socialconnections, the homeless have little sense of identity. It is easy forthem to become nomads, and become unseen in todays society. Withthe help from services, organisations, compassion of the society andthe government their status of being homeless can be improved greatly.Assisting this group to learn the necessary skills to gain employment,seek medical attention if needed, develop positive relationships and asecure accommodation are all important to develop a positive sense ofidentity for the homeless.