GAY AND LESBIAN COMMUNITYSexual orientation characterised byaesthetic attraction, romantic love andsexual desire for members of the same sexMales attracted to males are described asgay, while females are described as lesbianBeing gay or lesbian is not conﬁned to onesocioeconomic class, race of religion anddespite many stereotypes, it is not conﬁnedto any professionUnique group because in addition tospeciﬁc physical and health needs, there isalso a signiﬁcant need for security, safety,self esteem and sense of identity
ACCESS TO SERVICESUnder-utilised due tofear of judgement andguilt aboutacknowledging theirsexualityPFLAG: advocate foruse of communityservices
EDUCATIONMost use internet as a source ofinformation- works well as it isanonymousSchool is difﬁcult because of theopinion of othersAnti-discrimination ofﬁcers andwelfare positions are used ineducational institutions ensuring nostudent experiences harassment
EMPLOYMENTAccording to statistics from2005 the majority of unfairtreatment the majority of thetime occurs in the workplace.52.8% had been the subjectof harassment ordiscrimination in theircurrent workplace.
SENSE OF IDENTITYAs the gay and lesbian communityhas grown and become moreunited, there has been more of asense of ownership and pridepositive exposure has led to gay andlesbian run businesses such asnightclubs, holiday resorts, bars andcafeswider range of coverage of speciﬁcissues in TV programs, festivals andnewspaper articles
SELF-ESTEEMYoung people often live in homophobicenvironment, this has lead to a sense of alienationand disconnection from the communityPeople who have disclosed their identity live withuneasy feelings and worry about living their life alie and hurting the people they loveThe NSW gay and lesbian counselling service is aspeciﬁc support agency to enhance self-esteem andprovide free, conﬁdential and anonymoustelephone counselling, information and referral forpeople living in NSW on sexuality and life issues.
SECURITY AND SAFETYGroups such as PFLAG or theNSW gay and lesbian rights lobbyhave a mission to support therelationship networks of gay andlesbians to enhance their securityand safety.Gays and lesbians are more likely toexperience assault thenheterosexuals.