Access to servicesAccess to services:Disability Discrimination Act 1992 makes it against the law to discriminate against anindividual who have a disability.These individuals have equal rights in the following: Employment Education Access to public transport Access to goods and services Accommodation Clubs and sports Government laws and programsSome organisations include:ACE National Network (employment opportunities)Blind Citizens AustraliaBrain Injury AustraliaDeafness Forum of AustraliaFor more examples refer to page 44The Disabled require access to employment, transport, appropriate housing, recreationalpursuits and specialised health care and educational services.
Education-About 1 in 12 children aged 0-14 suffered from a disability in 2003,97% of children attended school, 89% attended mainstream schools and 9% specialschools.-Schools provide special education classes within mainstream schools for students with:Severe intellectualPhysical disabilitiesHearing impairmentLanguage disorders-The school should adjust teaching programs, physical resources and staffing to cater forthe needs of any disabled students enrolled.-Depending on the severity of the disability, a student may be better catered for in such aschool in our area such as ‘’Mater Dei’’ and ‘’Beverley Park’’ due to their specializedenvironment and equipment.
Employment-Centerlink provides a range of services for job seekerswith a disability, including disability employmentservices and wage subsiders.-The Disability Employment Network also providesemployment services to disables job seekers.-Disability employment and rehabilitation providers helpboth people with a moderate to severe disability and jobseekers who have difficulty in gaining and retainingemployment without rehabilitation or ongoing support.
Financial SupportDisability Support Payment is from the Federal Government through Centrelink is aprimary source of financial support for people of working age with a disability Disability Support Pension- o People aged 16 to pension age who are unable to work 15 hrs or more per week as a result of their disability. Mobility Allowance- o Income supplement for people aged 16 or over to assist with transport costs, relating to employment or training. Sickness Allowance- o People aged 21 to pension age who are temporarily unable to work or study full time due to disability, illness or injury and have either full time work or full time study to return to. Carer Payment- o Payment for someone who looks after a person with disabilities or serious medical conditions and is unable to gain full time employment.
Health & HousingHealth:Specialised health care services for different forms of disability are needed to bestprovide for the individual nature of each. Some profoundly disabled individuals requirespecialist nursing and care. Many disabled people will require speech therapy,physiotherapy and diversional therapy in order to maximise their communication andphysical movement potential.One significant health care need for the disabled population is the provision of suitableaids and equipment. Disabled people Disabled people may require may require manyaids such as: toilet aids, reading, shower, writing, speech, meal and medical aids.Housing:Public housing is an important resource for people with a disability. The proportion ofpublic housing tenants with a disability has increased in recent years.The Home and Community Care Program (HACC) aims to increase independence andprevent residential care needs for the disabled. The HACC provides assistance withtransport, meals, nursing and home maintenance.
Security & SafetyIf someone is unable to earn a living independently people may require additional costs for eventhe most basic of living.In society aspects have been added to ensure a little more acceptance through the use of- Wheelchair ramps/facilities Disabled parking Specialised transport; in taxis, busesSecurity accounts for that in the home life; this sense of security may partially come from theperson but could be from a carer who will cater and fill the roles-• Accompanying disabled people during daily activities• Assisting in movement• Prepares/presents food and fluids• Arranges social activities• Performs housekeeping tasks• Assists in personal hygiene/dressing• May do shopping and run errands• Safety is much the same as security in that it provides a person with a sense of belonging and free from worry as a result of feeling out of place or in harms way. Safety can be seen in many aspects of personal life- as in confidentiality in the processes needed in health care and/or emotional care.