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Comminuted, Simple, and Compound Fractures
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Comminuted, Simple, and Compound Fractures

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  • 1. Comminuted, Simple, and Compound Fractures
    • Presentation created by Brooke Markward
  • 2. Fractures
    • Fractures commonly occur when a person has fallen, an object has been dropped on them, or the bone has been twisted.
  • 3. Comminuted Fracture
    • A comminuted fracture is defined as a bone that has been shattered, splintered, or crushed into more than two pieces.
  • 4. Comminuted Fracture
    • This fracture occurs when there has been some kind of crushing force on the bone and can happen anywhere along the bone.
    • It mostly occurs in elderly people or people who already have a bone weakening condition.
  • 5. Symptoms
    • The symptoms will be similar in all fractures.
    • Obviously there will be a lot of pain where the injury occurred leading the person to possibly pass out.
    • The area of the injury will probably swell and become warm.
  • 6. Diagnosis
    • Fractures are most easily diagnosed by an x-ray.
    • An x-ray helps the doctor figure out how the pieces in a comminuted fracture are arranged so they can treat it properly.
  • 7. Treatment
    • Often, the best way to treat a comminuted fracture may be to pin the pieces during surgery so they can form back together.
    • It may also be treated with a cast but sometimes that is not enough.
    • Either way, the fracture needs to be immobilized.
  • 8. Simple Fracture
    • A simple fracture, also called a closed fracture, is any type of fracture that has broken into two pieces, and has not broken through the skin.
  • 9. Simple Fracture
    • This fracture can be transverse (straight across), oblique (at an angle), or spiral (the bone has been twisted).
  • 10. Symptoms and Diagnosis
    • As stated previously, the symptoms and diagnosis will be similar for all fractures.
    • An x-ray will best help figure out what kind of fracture it is.
  • 11. Treatment
    • Like the comminuted fracture, simple fractures need to be immobilized with a cast or pins, screws, and plates.
  • 12. Compound Fracture
    • A compound fracture, also known as an open fracture, occurs when the skin has been broken through.
  • 13. Diagnosis and Treatment
    • The compound fracture is easy to diagnose because it is visible to the naked eye.
    • The break in the skin causes an additional complication. Immediate surgery is often required because of the risk of infection in the skin and bone.
    • Again, the bone will need to be immobilized, either with pins and plates, or external splints