Social studies released_items_oct_2011[1]

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Social studies released_items_oct_2011[1]

  1. 1. STAAR TM State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness SOCIAL STUDIES Grade 8 2011 Released Test QuestionsThese released questions represent selected TEKS student expectations for eachreporting category. These questions are samples only and do not represent all thestudent expectations eligible for assessment.Copyright © 2011, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of this work is prohibitedwithout express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.
  2. 2. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions1 Your Highnesses . . . resolved to send me . . . to the said parts of India to see the said princes, and the cities and lands, and their disposition, with a view that they might ? __________; and ordered that I should not go by land to the eastward, as had been customary, but that I should go by way of the west, whither up to this day, we do not know for certain that any one has gone. —Christopher Columbus Which of the following completes the excerpt? A teach us how to craft their goods B be converted to our holy faith C be brought to our country as slaves D teach us about the stars and planets2 Of the complicated European systems of national polity we have heretofore been independent. From their wars, their tumults, and anxieties we have been, happily, almost entirely exempt. Whilst these are confined to the nations which gave them existence, . . . they can not affect us except as they appeal to our sympathies in the cause of human freedom and universal advancement. —President Franklin Pierce, inaugural address, 1853 These remarks best reflect a confirmation of which U.S. president’s foreign-policy goals? A George Washington B James Madison C James Monroe D John Quincy Adams Page 2
  3. 3. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions3 Mexico has passed the boundary of the United States, has invaded our territory, and shed American blood upon the American soil. And whereas this House desires to obtain a full knowledge of all the facts which go to establish whether the particular spot of soil on which the blood of our citizens was so shed was, or was not, our own soil, at that time . . . This is no war of defence, but one unnecessary and of offensive aggression. Such a “conquest,” stigmatize it as you please, must necessarily be a great blessing to the conquered. These excerpts offer different points of view about — A the Texas War of Independence B the admission of California to the Union C the U.S.-Mexican War D the acquisition of the Gadsden Purchase from Mexico Page 3
  4. 4. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions4 In 1854, Anthony Burns, a fugitive slave from Alexandria, Virginia, was arrested in Boston and returned to Virginia. Which federal legislation provided the basis for Burns’s arrest? A The Kansas-Nebraska Act B The Homestead Act C The Compromise of 1850 D The Gadsden Purchase5 1850 1870 KEY City Population 10,000–250,000 Over 1 million 250,001–1 million State as of census day Which of these best explains the change in population and distribution of U.S. cities from 1850 to 1870? A The passage of homesteading legislation B The admission of new states to the Union C The expansion of the railroad system and increased industrialization D The emancipation of slaves after the Civil War Page 4
  5. 5. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions6 Erie Canal Aqueduct, Rochester, New York Which of these resulted from the modification to the environment shown in this illustration? A The surrounding area became more industrialized. B Community parks were established to preserve wildlife. C Property was damaged by increased flooding. D Crop irrigation declined because of water pollution.7 Although many farmers fought in the Civil War, farms in both the Union and Confederacy were able to continue operating because — A military officers assigned troops to work on farms B new farm machinery was imported from overseas C women often managed farm operations D relief organizations provided emergency farm labor Page 5
  6. 6. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions8 Which excerpt from the Constitution expresses the principle of federalism? A “All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States. . . .” B “The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate. . . .” C “The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour. . . .” D “The powers not delegated to the United States . . . are reserved to the States respectively. . . .”9 The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof. . . . —Article V of the U.S. Constitution Article V, excerpted above, is included in the U.S. Constitution to allow for the — A adaptation of laws to reflect changes in society B revision of laws by the executive branch C resolution of conflicts through the judicial system D validation of elections by a national authority Page 6
  7. 7. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions10 A writ of habeas corpus requires an official to bring a prisoner before a civil court to justify the prisoner’s arrest. President Abraham Lincoln authorized the suspension of habeas corpus during the Civil War. Ex parte Merryman In 1861, John Merryman, a citizen of Maryland, was imprisoned by military order and held without trial. He challenged the power of the president to suspend habeas corpus. Chief Justice Roger B. Taney reviewed the case and decided that only Congress had the power to suspend habeas corpus. President Lincoln and his administration continued to suspend habeas corpus throughout the Civil War. By ignoring Chief Justice Taney’s ruling, President Lincoln — A exercised a constitutional check on judicial power B disregarded the principle of judicial review C upheld the concept of federalism D invoked the principle of separation of powers Page 7
  8. 8. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions11 N W E S The two shaded states on this map were admitted to the Union under the terms of a compromise involving the — A resolution of a boundary dispute with Great Britain B expansion of slavery into western territories C relocation of American Indians to western territories D counting of the slave population for purposes of representation Page 8
  9. 9. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions12 • Canal networks • Swiftly flowing rivers • Extensive railroad systems • Banking and investment centers In the nineteenth century, the availability of the resources in this list resulted in — A an increase in the number of factories in the Northeast B the development of industrial labor unions in the South C an increase in the number of immigrants moving to the South D the expansion of commercial agriculture in the Northeast13 How did the disruption in Atlantic shipping prior to and during the War of 1812 significantly affect the U.S. economy? A Imports of raw materials increased in the Northeast. B Americans emigrated to Europe to find manufacturing jobs. C Cotton sales from southern states to Europe increased. D American industries expanded to provide replacements for foreign goods. Page 9
  10. 10. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Released Test Questions14 Factors Contributing to the Industrial Revolution in the United States • The flow of imported goods is cut off during the War of 1812. • Manufacturers invest in industrial technology. • River water provides power to run factory machines. • ? Which of the following best completes the table above? A Immigration expands the labor force. B The government seizes control of factories. C Overland trade routes become obsolete. D A scarcity of raw materials causes prices to rise. Page 10
  11. 11. STAAR Grade 8 Social Studies 2011 Release Answer Key Item Reporting Readiness or Content Student Process Student Correct Number Category Supporting Expectation Expectation Answer 1 1 Readiness 8.2(A) 8.29(B) B 2 1 Readiness 8.5(E) 8.29(B) A 3 1 Readiness 8.6(D) 8.29(E) C 4 1 Readiness 8.7(C) C 5 2 Readiness 8.10(B) 8.29(J) C 6 2 Supporting 8.11(B) 8.29(C) A 7 2 Supporting 8.23(E) C 8 3 Readiness 8.15(D) D 9 3 Readiness 8.16(A) 8.29(B) A 10 3 Readiness 8.18(A) 8.29(C) B 11 3 Supporting 8.21(C) 8.29(C) B 12 4 Supporting 8.12(C) 8.29(B) A 13 4 Supporting 8.13(A) D 14 4 Readiness 8.13(B) 8.29(B) A For more information about the new STAAR assessments, go to www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/staar/. Page 11
  12. 12. STAAR TM State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness U.S. History 2011 Released Test QuestionsThese released questions represent selected TEKS student expectations for eachreporting category. These questions are samples only and do not represent all thestudent expectations eligible for assessment.Copyright © 2011, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of thiswork is prohibited without express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.
  13. 13. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions1 After the attacks on September 11, 2001, how did U.S. foreign policy change? A The administration authorized preemptive strikes against nations sponsoring terrorism. B A program to reduce military bases and personnel in Europe was announced. C Military aid to Pakistan and Afghanistan was immediately cut off. D Diplomatic efforts to negotiate peace between Israel and Palestine were abandoned.2 Questions Asked of Japanese Americans in 1943 No. 27. Are you willing to serve in the armed forces of the United States on combat duty, wherever ordered? No. 28. Will you swear unqualified allegiance to the United States of America and faithfully defend the United States from any or all attack by foreign or domestic forces, and foreswear any form of allegiance or obedience to the Japanese emperor, or any other foreign government, power, or organization? Japanese Americans were required to answer these questions before they were — A given a dishonorable discharge from the military B allowed to contest deportation orders to return to Japan C released from relocation centers D allowed to apply for repatriation to Japan Page 2
  14. 14. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions3 Cambodia so La m tna rea Vie Chin a Ko This drawing illustrates the U.S. rationale behind — A entering agreements designed to prevent the use of nuclear weapons B establishing diplomatic relations with the People’s Republic of China C implementing a free-trade agreement with the government of North Korea D providing military aid to Ngo Dinh Diem’s government Page 3
  15. 15. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions4 Which set of events is listed in chronological order? 1. The United States declares war against Japan. 2. President Richard Nixon resigns. A 3. The Supreme Court upholds segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson. 4. Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected to a second presidential term. 1. The Supreme Court upholds segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson. 2. The United States declares war against Japan. B 3. Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected to a second presidential term. 4. President Richard Nixon resigns. 1. Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected to a second presidential term. 2. The Supreme Court upholds segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson. C 3. President Richard Nixon resigns. 4. The United States declares war against Japan. 1. President Richard Nixon resigns. 2. The United States declares war against Japan. D 3. Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected to a second presidential term. 4. The Supreme Court upholds segregation in Plessy v. Ferguson.5 During the early 1900s, Booker T. Washington supported a moderate strategy for attaining civil rights for African Americans, while W. E. B. Du Bois called for a more aggressive approach. During the 1960s, a similar difference emerged between — A Medgar Evers and Thurgood Marshall B Barbara Jordan and Alice Walker C Rosa Parks and Marcus Garvey D Martin Luther King, Jr., and Malcolm X Page 4
  16. 16. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions6 House in Milton, North Dakota, 1898 Fred Hultstrand History in Pictures Collection, NDIRS-NDSU, Fargo Homesteaders on the Great Plains found it necessary to build the type of house shown in the photograph because — A the ground was not stable enough to support heavier structures B unpredictable weather conditions required settlers to build shelter rapidly C access to timber was limited by distance and lack of transportation D settlers lacked the skill required to build more-permanent structures Page 5
  17. 17. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions7 1 Rural Urban 2 3 4 Suburban Which arrow represents the heaviest volume of migration within the United States since 1960? A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 Page 6
  18. 18. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions8 Image courtesy of Cleveland State University This informational poster illustrates — A the resentment shown toward immigrants for taking U.S. jobs B a government effort to implement quotas on immigration C the movement to assimilate immigrants into U.S. culture D the requirement that immigrants become U.S. citizens Page 7
  19. 19. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions9 ©Eugene Elderman, Washington Post Which of the following does this 1937 political cartoon satirize? A Congressional attempts to bypass the principle of separation of powers B President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s attempt to reorganize the Supreme Court C President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s refusal to cooperate with state governments D Congressional attempts to undermine the principle of state sovereignty Page 8
  20. 20. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions10 How did incidents like the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution and the secret bombing of Cambodia eventually affect the relationship between the legislative and executive branches of government? A Presidents began to seek congressional approval of any military action. B Congress attempted to limit the president’s ability to act unilaterally. C The president relinquished to Congress the position of commander in chief. D Congress called for the impeachment of a president following military failures in Vietnam.11 The Supreme Court’s 1964 decision in Reynolds v. Sims significantly affected U.S. politics by — A limiting the use of the legislative filibuster B regulating the amount of individual campaign contributions C requiring that state legislative districts be roughly equal in population D establishing term limits for elected government officials Page 9
  21. 21. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions12 Which diagram shows how the completion of the transcontinental railroad contributed to the closing of the western frontier? Increased Improved protection of A communications sites sacred to American Indians Higher demand Greater ease B for unclaimed of travel territory Advances in Improved C factory agricultural technology processes Faster shipping More profits D of raw for timber materials companies13 Parents faced a great fear—the dreaded poliomyelitis, or polio as it is commonly known. The disease had killed more than thirteen hundred Americans . . . and crippled more than eighteen thousand more in the year 1954 alone. On April 12, 1955, America received the much-welcomed news that Dr. Jonas Salk had ? . —“Frontiers in History,” National Archives and Records Administration, 2001 Which of the following completes this excerpt? A discovered a cure for infantile paralysis B founded a private hospital for children with polio C developed a vaccine against the frightening disease D identified the mode by which the disease was transmitted Page 10
  22. 22. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Released Test Questions14 I hold that a corporation does ill if it seeks profit in restricting production . . . or seeking to achieve monopoly by illegal . . . treatment of its competitors. . . . If, on the other hand, a corporation seeks profit solely by . . . treating the public . . . and its rivals fairly: then such a corporation is behaving well. It is an instrumentality of civilization operating to promote abundance by cheapening the cost of living so as to improve conditions everywhere throughout the whole community. —Theodore Roosevelt: An Autobiography, 1913 The main strategy that President Roosevelt’s administration used to stop the type of business practices criticized in this excerpt was to — A establish the Federal Reserve System to regulate the money supply B urge the Interstate Commerce Commission to decrease corporate regulations C use the Sherman Antitrust Act to ensure competition in industry D lobby Congress to loosen restrictions on foreign exports Page 11
  23. 23. STAAR U.S. History 2011 Release Answer Key Item Reporting Readiness or Content Student Process Student Correct Number Category Supporting Expectation Expectation Answer 1 1 Readiness H.11(A) A 2 1 Readiness H.7(D) H.29(B) C 3 1 Readiness H.8(D) H.29(H) D 4 1 Supporting H.2(C) H.29(B) B 5 1 Supporting H.9(D) D 6 2 Readiness H.12(A) H.29(H) C 7 2 Readiness H.13(A) H.29(H) D 8 2 Supporting H.26(B) H.29(H) C 9 3 Readiness H.20(B) H.29(H) B 10 3 Supporting H.20(A) B 11 3 Readiness H.21(A) C 12 4 Supporting H.15(A) H.29(B) B 13 4 Supporting H.27(B) H.29(B) C 14 4 Readiness H.15(B) H.29(B) C For more information about the new STAAR assessments, go to www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/staar/. Page 12
  24. 24. STAAR TM State of Texas Assessments of Academic ReadinessWorld Geography 2011 Released Test QuestionsThese released questions represent selected TEKS student expectations for eachreporting category. These questions are samples only and do not represent all thestudent expectations eligible for assessment.Copyright © 2011, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of thiswork is prohibited without express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.
  25. 25. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions1 2 1 4 3 In which location did merchants historically use monsoon winds to travel along trade routes? A 1 C 3 B 2 D 42 The frequent changes in the political organization of Africa from the early sixteenth century to the late nineteenth century reflected — A attempts by European countries to establish colonies and gain control of certain regions B an economic shift away from primarily agrarian activities toward primarily industrial ones C the replacement of European trading partners with Asian ones D efforts by territories to unite against potential colonizers Page 2
  26. 26. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions3 Country 1 • Government controls all domestic broadcast media • Two state-controlled television stations with one of the stations controlled by the armed forces • A third TV channel, a pay-TV station, is a joint state-private venture • Access to satellite TV is limited • One state-controlled domestic radio station and six FM stations that are joint state-private ventures Country 2 • Two commercial television stations • Cable TV subscription service provides access to foreign channels • About 20 commercial radio stations broadcast Which forms of government are best matched to the descriptions above? A Country 1—Republic C Country 1—Constitutional monarchy Country 2—Theocracy Country 2—Republic B Country 1—Democracy D Country 1—Dictatorship Country 2—Absolute monarchy Country 2—Democracy4 In 1999, Turkey was recognized as a candidate for full membership in the European Union. Turkey’s primary goal in making this membership bid is to benefit from — A increased humanitarian assistance from member countries B technological advances made by trading partners C military assistance from member countries in times of conflict D greater access to markets within the organization Page 3
  27. 27. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions5 The Kyoto Protocol was adopted in Kyoto, Japan, on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. . . . The Kyoto Protocol is generally seen as an important first step toward a truly global emission reduction regime that will stabilize GHG [greenhouse gas] emissions, and provides the essential architecture for any future international agreement on climate change. —United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change website, http://unfcc.int (accessed December 20, 2010) Representing the United States, President Bill Clinton signed the Kyoto Treaty in 1998. However, because of opposition in the U.S. Senate, the treaty has never been presented for ratification. Which argument was most likely used by senators who opposed signing the treaty? A The United Nations lacks the ability to enforce international agreements. B The president has no authority to negotiate treaties on behalf of the United States. C Congress had previously enacted much stricter environmental regulations. D The United States should not submit to externally imposed environmental regulations. Page 4
  28. 28. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions6 Annual Climatology of a National Capital: Monthly Temperature and Precipitation 12 100 90 10 80 70 8 Temperature Precipitation 60 Source: National Drought Mitigation Center (in.) (°F) 6 50 40 4 30 20 KEY 2 Precipitation 10 Temperature 0 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Month Which conclusion is best supported by the climograph? A This city is part of a tropical rain forest. B This city is subject to seasonal monsoons. C This city is located in a high-latitude climate zone. D This city is experiencing severe drought.7 Which of the following typically occurs in the biosphere? A Continuous circulation of hot and cold oceanic currents B Regulation of the rate at which thermal energy leaves the planet C The interaction of plants and animals within specific climate regions D The recycling of the continental crust in subduction zones Page 5
  29. 29. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions8 The deserts of the Middle East and North Africa are characterized by populations that — A move to find resources that are thinly dispersed across a vast area B work primarily in small cottage industries C are nonviolent and practice ancient polytheistic religions D organize their society around a matriarch9 Poland in 2010 MALE FEMALE 100 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, International Data Base 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 2 1.6 1.2 0.8 0.4 0 0 0.4 0.8 1.2 1.6 2 Population (millions) Which conclusion about Poland is supported by the population pyramid? A Citizens will spend less money on prenatal care in 20 years. B The demand for gender equality in the workplace will increase. C The need for care services for the elderly will increase. D Government funding of public education will remain constant for the next 10 years. Page 6
  30. 30. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions10 Selected Pull Factors for Immigration • Job opportunities • Political freedom • Access to education In the twentieth century these factors encouraged migration primarily — A by people with significant economic resources B from one developed country to another C from developing to developed countries D among people with similar religious beliefs11 Selected Characteristics of Bolivia, Mexico, and Panama Country Languages Primary Religion • Spanish (official) Roman Source: The World Factbook, CIA Bolivia • Quechua (official) Catholicism • Aymara (official) • Spanish (official) Roman Mexico • Indigenous Catholicism • Spanish (official) Roman Panama • English Catholicism The common characteristics of these countries can be attributed to their — A economic relationship with industrialized countries to their north B past military alliances with one another C preservation of Mayan and Aztec traditions D history of colonization by a European country Page 7
  31. 31. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions12 A geographer could place North Africa and Indonesia in the same category because most of the people living in these regions — A practice nomadic hunting B rely on the monsoon season C elect their own rulers D adhere to the same religion13 The number and diversity of fast-food restaurants across east China have mushroomed in the past several years with no end in sight. From wonton to pizza to east China’s favorite—fried chicken—, fast-food and chain restaurants are popular, partly because they are more affordable than other types of restaurants to a great number of Chinese. As recently as 1993, Chinese consumers had few fast-food choices. Restaurant food was limited to five-star hotels, traditional Chinese restaurants, and street-side wonton, pulled noodle, and tea-egg vendors. Fast-food restaurants in east China can be defined as Western-style or those specializing in Chinese food. —Ag Exporter, USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service, July 1997 Which title would be most appropriate for the article excerpted above? A The Diffusion of Cultural Food Practices B The Convergence of Natural Resources C The Globalization of Service Industries D The Growth of Food-Service Monopolies Page 8
  32. 32. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions14 Which of these has been a major development in global trade since the 1990s? A The increased use of protective tariffs by industrialized countries B An increased reliance on surface transportation C The outsourcing of service-sector jobs to developing countries D The growth of cottage industries and traditional methods of production15 • Railroads • Highways • Airplanes These modes of transportation have affected where economic activities are conducted throughout the world by — A requiring more population centers to develop near natural resources B enabling productive regions to be less dependent on long-distance trade C making access to water routes near settlements less necessary D encouraging private businesses to invest more in the development of public infrastructure16 One argument in favor of using genetically modified crops is that doing so — A protects biological diversity on cultivated land B reduces the use of pesticides on crops C allows for the cultivation of native food sources D guarantees high yields of cash crops Page 9
  33. 33. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Released Test Questions17 Costa Rica ranks among the greenest countries on earth. It promotes eco-tourism, operates vast national parks, and is working to become the first carbon-neutral country. Perhaps most impressive, the nation produces more than 80 percent of its electricity in hydroelectric plants. . . . —Jon Hamilton, National Public Radio, February 11, 2008 Which of the following would have the greatest impact on Costa Rica’s ability to produce electricity? A A lack of business incentives for developing green technology B The inability to collect fines for excessive use of utilities C A change in climate resulting in less rainfall D The inadequate enforcement of laws protecting conservation areas Page 10
  34. 34. STAAR World Geography 2011 Release Answer Key Item Reporting Readiness or Content Student Process Student Correct Number Category Supporting Expectation Expectation Answer 1 1 Readiness G.1(A) G.21(C) D 2 1 Readiness G.2(A) A 3 1 Supporting G.14(B) G.21(A) D 4 1 Readiness G.14(C) D 5 1 Supporting G.15(A) G.21(A) D 6 2 Readiness G.3(B) G.21(A) B 7 2 Supporting G.3(C) C 8 2 Readiness G.5(A) A 9 2 Supporting G.7(A) G.21(A) C 10 2 Readiness G.7(B) G.21(A) C 11 3 Readiness G.17(A) G.21(A) D 12 3 Supporting G.17(B) D 13 3 Supporting G.18(D) G.21(A) A 14 4 Supporting G.10(D) C 15 4 Readiness G.11(C) G.21(A) C 16 4 Readiness G.19(C) B 17 4 Supporting G.20(B) G.21(A) C For more information about the new STAAR assessments, go to www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/staar/. Page 11
  35. 35. STAAR TM State of Texas Assessments of Academic Readiness World History 2011 Released Test QuestionsThese released questions represent selected TEKS student expectations for eachreporting category. These questions are samples only and do not represent all thestudent expectations eligible for assessment.Copyright © 2011, Texas Education Agency. All rights reserved. Reproduction of all or portions of thiswork is prohibited without express written permission from the Texas Education Agency.
  36. 36. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions1 Roman society . . . involved a system of patronage. Members of the upper classes—the patroni—offered protection to freedmen or plebeians, who became their “cliens.” Patronage might consist of money, food, or legal help. Traditionally, any freed slaves became the cliens of their former owner. In return, patroni received respect and political favors. During the empire, cliens were required to offer daily greetings to their patroni, and the number of these greeters helped determine social status. —“Social Order,” The Roman Empire, PBS, www.pbs.org (accessed February 25, 2010) The system of patronage described in the excerpt is most similar to the — A relationship between a guild master and his apprentice B relationship between a noble and a wealthy merchant during the Enlightenment C obligations of a monk to his abbot and to the pope D alliance between a lord and his vassal in the Middle Ages2 In the 1500s, European merchants arriving in China were restricted to the ports of Macao and Canton and were required to pay in either gold or silver. What was one likely reason these policies were enacted? A Ming emperors needed precious metals to pay for the expansion of their navy. B European monarchs feared for the safety of merchants traveling into the interior of China. C Chinese farmers would suffer if cash crops from the Americas were allowed to enter the country. D European manufacturers were unable to produce goods that were valued in China. Page 2
  37. 37. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions3 ? The trade in ____________ across the Sahara was probably next in importance to the gold trade for the western Sudan, but not for the central Sudan. There, because there was ? no gold, ____________ were the mainstay of the export commerce. —William D. Phillips, 1985 This excerpt is from a description of Islamic trade from the seventh century to the fifteenth century. Which word correctly completes this excerpt? A camels B dates C weapons D slaves4 Event Outcomes 1 Ended the war with colonists and caused vast amounts of territory to be lost 2 Ended an autocracy and led to a civil war 3 Did away with the old social structure and implemented a caste system 4 Established a constitutional republic and privatized industry Which event represents the Russian Revolution? A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 Page 3
  38. 38. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions5 American and French revolutionaries both rejected the rule of a monarch and attempted to establish governments founded on the Enlightenment principles of liberty and equality. In the United States, this resulted in a representative democracy based on the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. In 1799, how did the outcome in France differ from the outcome in the United States? A French supporters of absolutism installed a new king who ruled by divine right. B Unstable leadership in France allowed a military dictator to seize power. C A weak central authority in France allowed provinces to form independent republics. D French Jacobins formed a republican government in which the heads of state had only limited powers.6 Independent Arab and Jewish States and the Special International Regime for the City of Jerusalem . . . shall come into existence . . . not later than 1 October 1948. —United Nations Resolution 181, 1947 Which of the following occurred in reaction to the resolution excerpted above? A Egypt declared war on Israel. B Lebanon became an independent nation. C Syria suffered a series of military coups. D Israel formed an alliance with Jordan. Page 4
  39. 39. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions7 Which diagram best explains the historical significance of Joan of Arc? Gained representation in Led a bloodless A the Estates-General peasant uprising for the working class Became the first French Led a rebellion against B queen to rule in her husband her own name Gained control Led the French to victories C of the French army over English forces Was appointed Negotiated a treaty ending D ambassador to England the Hundred Years’ War8 Which of the following best explains why the Chinese built the Great Wall and the Grand Canal? A The Great Wall and the Grand Canal were built to discourage Chinese peasants from emigrating. B The Great Wall was built to protect against invasions, while the Grand Canal was meant to provide an alternative transportation route between the north and the south. C The Great Wall and the Grand Canal were constructed to restrict the exchange of goods with foreign merchants. D The Great Wall was constructed to protect farming villages from seasonal floods, while the Grand Canal was meant to improve access to coastal cities. Page 5
  40. 40. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions9 Leonardo da Vinci Prominent Artists of the Italian Renaissance Michelangelo Raphael The artists shown above led a movement characterized by — A the abstract depiction of human bodies B the rejection of religious themes C the use of single-point perspective D the illumination of printed manuscripts Page 6
  41. 41. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions10 Type of Government Characteristics of Leader Leader • Inherited authority • Centralized the ? government • Believed a ruler should be a servant ? of the state Which combination best completes this table? A Totalitarianism; Josip Tito B Parliamentary monarchy; Louis XIV C Theocracy; Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini D Enlightened absolutism; Maria Theresa11 Here is a law which is above the King and which even he must not break. This reaffirmation of a supreme law and its expression in a general charter is the great work of ? ; and this alone justifies the respect in which men have held it. —Winston Churchill, A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, 1956 In this excerpt, Winston Churchill describes the continued importance of — A the Domesday Book B the Act of Supremacy C the Magna Carta D The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Page 7
  42. 42. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions12 Which headline best demonstrates an expansion of democracy? D aily Times D a ily Time s South Africa Holds Prime Minister Brown Takes Office Post-Apartheid Elections A C in Great Britain D aily Times Daily Times Venezuelan President U.S. Presidential Hugo Chávez Candidates Participate B Reelected for Third Term D in Public Debate Page 8
  43. 43. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions13 In the Andes, potatoes served as a staple as people came up with a unique way of food preservation: potatoes were processed into chuñu, a dehydrated foodstuff produced by trampling potatoes and alternately freezing and drying them. This product was storable for years. —Manfred Weissenbacher, Sources of Power: How Energy Forges Human History, 2009 The process described above contributed most directly to — A the development of new tracking and hunting techniques B an increase in the size and number of permanent settlements C improved fertility of the soil in mountainous regions D the creation of a more varied diet through the introduction of new plant species14 In a letter to a colleague, Isaac Newton wrote, “If I have seen farther, it is by standing on the shoulders of giants.” Which earlier work made Newton’s scientific contributions possible? A The research on population growth by Thomas Malthus B The theory of planetary motion developed by Nicolaus Copernicus C The use of the microscope to study cells by Robert Hooke D The process for making stronger steel invented by Henry Bessemer Page 9
  44. 44. STAAR World History 2011 Release Released Test Questions15 A system of government therefore which shall prevent ignorance, and consequently crime, will be infinitely superior to one, which, by encouraging the first, creates a necessity for the last, and afterwards inflicts punishment on both. . . . That government, then, is the best, which in practice produces the greatest happiness to the greatest number; including those who govern, and those who obey. . . . By adopting the proper means, man may by degrees be trained to live in any part of the world without poverty, without crime, and without punishment; for all these are the effects of error in the various systems of training and governing error proceeding from very gross ignorance of human nature. —Robert Owen, A New View of Society These arguments most directly contributed to the development of — A socialism during the Industrial Revolution B communist economic programs during the Cold War C totalitarianism during World War II D liberal social programs during the French Revolution Page 10
  45. 45. STAAR World History 2011 Release Answer Key Item Reporting Readiness or Content Student Process Student Correct Number Category Supporting Expectation Expectation Answer 1 1 Readiness W.4(C) W.29(F) D 2 1 Readiness W.7(E) D 3 1 Supporting W.4(I) W.29(F) D 4 2 Readiness W.10(D) W.30(C) B 5 2 Readiness W.9(A) B 6 2 Supporting W.13(F) W.29(F) A 7 3 Supporting W.24(B) W.29(F) C 8 3 Readiness W.16(B) B 9 3 Supporting W.26(A) W.30(C) C 10 4 Readiness W.19(B) W.29(F) D 11 4 Supporting W.20(B) W.29(C) C 12 4 Supporting W.21(A) W.30(C) A 13 5 Readiness W.17(A) W.29(F) B 14 5 Supporting W.27(E) B 15 5 Readiness W.18(C) W.29(C) A For more information about the new STAAR assessments, go to www.tea.state.tx.us/student.assessment/staar/. Page 11

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