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Open legislation in Romania

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Presentation made at the Seminat on open legislation in Bucharest, Romania - 26.02.2013

Presentation made at the Seminat on open legislation in Bucharest, Romania - 26.02.2013

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  • 1. Open access to legislation in Romania Bogdan Manolea Seminar on Open Legislative Data in Romania 26 February 2013 - București
  • 2. Why?Nemo censetur ignorare legemIgnorance of the law excuses no oneNimeni nu se poate prevala de necunoasterea legii
  • 3. Jan 2002 Guide to use Romanian legal resources on the Internet − 2 public legislation databases  Superlex – Ministry of Justice – access only to the text of the law as published in the Official Monitor (but not complete)  Chamber of Deputies (mainly meta-data of the laws) − 6 private legislation databases  Only 2 of them still exist today Official Monitor offers only access to the summary of legislation
  • 4. Jan 2013 3 public legislation databases − Ministry of Justice – Legislatie.just.ro without searching functionalities, only initial text of the laws (not updated in 2013) − Chamber of Deputies (not complete) − Legislative Council (good meta-data) Many private legislation databases − Some of them offer free access to the initial text of the laws Official Monitor offers only access to the summary of legislation +10 days free access
  • 5. European context In 2003, the EU adopted the Directive on the re-use of public sector information (PSI Directive) common legislative framework regulating how public sector bodies should make their information available for re-use in order to remove barriers such as discriminatory practices, monopoly markets and a lack of transparency. Mixed results in member countries Implemented in Romania by law 109/2007 − No sanctions, not functioning in practice
  • 6. What is open data Open data is data that can be freely used,reused and redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike. Source: Open Data Handbook
  • 7. What is open dataOpen data is data that can be freely used,reused and redistributed by anyone - subject only, at most, to the requirement to attribute and sharealike. Source: Open Data Handbook
  • 8. What do you mean by “freely”? Social freedom (Access to the Data as a whole, preferably via the Internet) Technical freedom (Absence of Technological Restriction) Legal freedom (right to redistribute, re-use and mix) No discrimination (e.g. not for commercial use)
  • 9. What is public data? Data produced by public bodies that are notsubject to restrictions of privacy, confidentiality, security or other legal restrictions
  • 10. New European context In December 2011, the Commission presented an Open Data Package: − A Communication on Open Data  Target : − the formulation and implementation of open public data policies in all Member States by early 2013. − 1/3 of all available structured government data in the Member States searchable through the pan-European data-portal by 2015. − New Commission rules on re-use of the documents it holds − A proposal for a revision of the Directive
  • 11. Why? Boosting a new economy − Economic gains from opening up this resource could amount to €40 billion a year in the EU. Transparency Data journalism External contributions − Specialized citizens − Local knowledge
  • 12. International context - OGP Open Government Partnership - an international framework supported by USA and other states. 46 countries (including Romania) have adopted the Declaration and submitted an Action Plan“We commit to increasing our efforts to systematically collect and publish data on government spending and performance for essential public services and activities. We commit to pro- actively provide high-value information, including raw data, in a timely manner, in formats that the public can easily locate, understand and use, and in formats that facilitate reuse.”
  • 13. Romanian commitments in OGP2012: Designating a person in each institution to deal with open data Identifying available data sets for each institution susceptible for opening Publication by each institution on its webpage (…)
  • 14. About the project LegiLibere Project of The Sponge - Media Innovation Lab Creating a portal with public information (first legislation)- in an open format- with automated updated legislation data- database &source code free for re-use Pre-alpha testing at Legilibere.ro and Hambar109.ro Finalist of Restart Romania 2012
  • 15. N-lex project Project of the Ministry of Justice 3.6 Million EUR Objectives: − Electronic application to ensure free access to legislation for citizens and other entities to the national legislative database − Interconnected with the European portal N-lex − Training of the IT staff of the Ministry of Justice on managing the application
  • 16. Conclusions We have currently no open access to Romanian legislation But we have a high opportunity in legislation as open data: Raw data available in several public electronic databases − Extremely easy to open from a technical point of view − Very low costs additional costs to make this data available High social & business value Businesses already developing in this sector
  • 17. Mulțumesc !!!Seminar on Open Legislative Data in Romania 26 February 2013 - București