Good Morning!Before We Formally Begin… Please participate in this Do Now Activity 1. Take a Post-it note from the pad on your table. 2. Go to the What I Know About Differentiation chart on the wall closest to your table. 3. Place the Post-it in the column that best describes you. (no name required)
Differentiation of Instruction Creating Multiple Paths for LearningBarbara MammenEducational Consultant
Workshop Ground Rules Actively participate in activities & discussion Share your ideas Ask questions Listen to what others say Reflect on your learning Challenge yourself professionally
How Are The Students You Teach Different From One Another?
“The biggest mistake of past centuries inteaching has been to treat all children as ifthey were variants of the same individual, andthus to feel justified in teaching them thesame subjects in the same ways.” Howard Gardner, Phi Delta Kappan
When we teach the same thing to all kids at the same time…1/3 already know it1/3 will get it1/3 never willFor 2/3 of the kids we are wasting their time. Scott Willis
Defining Differentiation of InstructionDifferentiation of instruction is a process teachersuse to match the unique characteristics of learnersto various curriculum components in order toenhance learning. Carol Ann TomlinsonIt is a way of teachingbased on a belief system.The challenge lies intranslating that beliefinto action.Video Clip: The Story of DI
Defining Differentiation Of InstructionIt’s teaching so that “typical” students;students with disabilities; students who aregifted; and students from a range of cultural,ethnic, and language groups can learntogether, well. Not just inclusion, butinclusive teaching.Peterson, J., & Hitte, M. (2003). Inclusive teaching: CreatingEffective Schools for all Learners.
“It means teachers proactively plan variedapproaches to what students need to learn, howthey will learn it, and/or how they will show whatthey have learned in order to increase thelikelihood that each student will learn as much ashe or she can, as efficiently as possible.” Carol Ann Tomlinson, UVa, Curry School
Understanding the Basics Word Splash ActivityDivide your table group into two groups of 3.Obtain a word splash worksheet and follow the directions.Read your individually assigned article.Regroup as 3 and revisit your word splash to revise or confirm.
Let’s Review!What 4 classroom and/or curricula elements can bedifferentiated?Content Process Product Learning EnvironmentWhat 3 student characteristics must be considered whenplanning for differentiation? Readiness Interest Learning ProfileWhat are the 3 essential principles of differentiation? Assessment Flexible Grouping Respectful Work Video Clip: Lulu
Theory Into Practice Video: Creating Multiple Paths for LearningAnalysis Questions:1. What student differences did the teachers address in planning theirlesson?2. How did the teachers differentiate the lesson to address these differences?
How do I start?Pre-assessment Strategies Knowledge List Interest Surveys Grades 7-12 Grades 4-8 Grades 5-8 Grades 9-12 Knowledge Rating Scale KW of a KWL Student Watching Journal Entries Pre-tests & Skill Inventories Learning Style Inventories 1, 2 Multiple Intelligences Inventory
How Will I Know ThatMy Students Know and Can Do? Formative & Summative Assessments Exit Cards Outcome Statements Written Assessments Projects Homework Digital Stories Presentations Journal Reflections
Technology: A Tool for Formative & Summative Assessment Digital Storytelling Milton Hershey Photoshop Idioms Video Production Where’s Jack? Web Site Nelson Mandela
Misconceptions about Differentiation of Instruction Differentiated lessons have to be creative, cute, and fun. Differentiation is just the next educational fad. Differentiation means dumbing down the curriculum for slower learners. Differentiation only works when kids are well behaved. Preparing for differentiation takes a huge amount of time. Differentiation is individualized instruction. Differentiation allows students choice to do only what they want.Most often heard statement:“How can I possibly meet the needs of individual students whenthose needs are so diverse, and I have daily time constraints anda multitude of other responsibilities?” Video Clip: Tomlinson
How Will I Know That I Know and Can Do?You will know that you are successful at differentiating when: you see yourself as the organizer of learning opportunities rather than the professor of knowledge your assessment and instruction become inseparable you have created a community of learners who respect their classmates individual differences your students can work independently and interdependently all your students, whether they are struggling, on level, or high flyers are feeling challenged and motivated to reach their maximum learning potential. Video Clip: Differentiated Lesson?
A Final ThoughtIf you want to feel safe and secure… continue to do what you have always done.If you want to grow… then go to the cutting edge of your profession.Just know that when you do, there will be a temporary loss of sanity.So when you don’t quite know what you are doing, you are probably growing. Madeline Hunter
Exit Card AssessmentOn an index card, complete the following statements:3 things I learned are…2 things I still have questions about…1 thing I don’t understand at all…