Theatre in the early 20th century

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  • 1. Theatre in the early 20th century
    Bethany Hansen
    B3
  • 2. “I regard the theatre as the greatest of all art forms, the most immediate way in which a human being can share with another the sense of what it is to be a human being.”
    Oscar Wilde
  • 3.
  • 4. Theatre definition
    Dictionary.com: “an art form portraying a dramatic event for entertainment uses”
    Mimicry of human behavior containing plot, climax, characters, and other thematic elements
    Used as a channeling of human sentiments
  • 5. Origins of theatre
    Thought to originate from the Greek god of fertility and wine: Dionysus
    Thespis became the first actor and is where the term thespian comes from
    Several years occurred before the invention of the third or fourth actor
  • 6.
  • 7. Early competitions
    The Greeks held competitions for tragedies to determine who had the greatest writing skills
    The Greeks also held these competitions for comedies when they were invented later on
    Romans developed theatre, frequently copying Greek plots and having competitions
  • 8. Shakespeare
    1564-1616
    Wrote in plays in three categories: comedy, tragedy, history
    Wrote about 38 plays during his career
    His literature was so famous, it is still used as a learning guide for curriculum
  • 9.
  • 10. Romeo and Juliet
    One of Shakespeare’s most well-know play ever written, it is an extremely popular piece of literature and used frequently in modern theatres.
  • 11. Film
    Several inventions led to the creation of film such as: photography, chronophotography, phosmotrope, and the kinematoscope
    The first films were only a few seconds long and of a simple activity such as sneezing
    As technology increased, so did motion picture
    Eventually, movies became longer and plots more complicated
  • 12.
  • 13. Film studios
    Five major film studios know at the Big Five Studios became extremely successful, generating 90% of all fiction films made during the 1920s
    Warner Brothers
    20th Century Fox
    Paramount Pictures
    A Radio Picture
    Metro-Goldwyn Mayer
  • 14.
  • 15. Film in the 20s
    Film did not really become popular until the 1920s
    It became an activity available to everyone and not just the upper class
    Technology continued increasing, and the silent film became a thing of the past
    When speaking film first came out, the actors/actresses would not sound pleasant or the camera would make excessive noise when moving
  • 16. Broadway
    The first musical was “The Black Crook” and came in 1866.
    The area of Broadway became a popular place of entertainment because it was a busy part of town in New York City where many people lived.
    As theatres began being built, the number of shows steadily increased
  • 17.
  • 18. Broadway stars and composers
    Broadway Actors/ Actresses
    Lillian Russell
    Ethel Merman
    Al Jolson
    Fred and Adele Astaire
    Gene Kelly
    Carol Channing
    Ethel Water
    Composers/ Writers
    George and Ira Gershwin
    Leonard Bernstein
    Cole Porter