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Theatre definition Dictionary.com: “an art form portraying a dramatic event for entertainment uses” Mimicry of human behavior containing plot, climax, characters, and other thematic elements Used as a channeling of human sentiments
Origins of theatre Thought to originate from the Greek god of fertility and wine: Dionysus Thespis became the first actor and is where the term thespian comes from Several years occurred before the invention of the third or fourth actor
Early competitions The Greeks held competitions for tragedies to determine who had the greatest writing skills The Greeks also held these competitions for comedies when they were invented later on Romans developed theatre, frequently copying Greek plots and having competitions
Shakespeare 1564-1616 Wrote in plays in three categories: comedy, tragedy, history Wrote about 38 plays during his career His literature was so famous, it is still used as a learning guide for curriculum
Romeo and Juliet One of Shakespeare’s most well-know play ever written, it is an extremely popular piece of literature and used frequently in modern theatres.
Film Several inventions led to the creation of film such as: photography, chronophotography, phosmotrope, and the kinematoscope The first films were only a few seconds long and of a simple activity such as sneezing As technology increased, so did motion picture Eventually, movies became longer and plots more complicated
Film studios Five major film studios know at the Big Five Studios became extremely successful, generating 90% of all fiction films made during the 1920s Warner Brothers 20th Century Fox Paramount Pictures A Radio Picture Metro-Goldwyn Mayer
Film in the 20s Film did not really become popular until the 1920s It became an activity available to everyone and not just the upper class Technology continued increasing, and the silent film became a thing of the past When speaking film first came out, the actors/actresses would not sound pleasant or the camera would make excessive noise when moving
Broadway The first musical was “The Black Crook” and came in 1866. The area of Broadway became a popular place of entertainment because it was a busy part of town in New York City where many people lived. As theatres began being built, the number of shows steadily increased
Broadway stars and composers Broadway Actors/ Actresses Lillian Russell Ethel Merman Al Jolson Fred and Adele Astaire Gene Kelly Carol Channing Ethel Water Composers/ Writers George and Ira Gershwin Leonard Bernstein Cole Porter