5 th  Generation Distance Education :  A Sustainable Approach to Development Professor J C Taylor Deputy Vice Chancellor  ...
Future Projections <ul><li>(Source:  Richard Gluyas, New Nabs e-School Deal http://finance.news.com.au, 22 April 2000). </...
Leadership Challenge The fact that the present traditional approaches based on conventional classroom-based teaching and l...
Cost-Effective Access   I n both developed and developing countries,  t he Internet will provide the only viable cost-effe...
Five Generations of Distance Education Technology <ul><li>The Correspondence Model </li></ul><ul><li>The Multimedia Model ...
HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATI...
HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATI...
Variable costs   tend to increase or decrease directly (often linearly) with fluctuations in the volume of activity. In tr...
HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATI...
<ul><ul><li>THE FLEXIBLE LEARNING MODEL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>•  Interactive multimedia (IMM) </li></ul><ul><li>•  Intern...
HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATI...
To meet the demand for education and training in the knowledge society: GDLN needs to capitalize on its investment in ICT ...
<ul><ul><li>Focussing on  Repository Infrastructure   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting the Australian contribution to...
ICE (Integrated Content Environment) RENDITIONS: ICE: OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE CONTENT REPOSITORY: INPUT: Print Web CD DVD XML...
 
The Goals of the OCW Consortium <ul><li>Extend the reach and impact of open courseware around the world  </li></ul><ul><li...
 
 
Incoming “new” admin question from student Previous Questions USQ Assist :  Self-service Q & A Repository Previous Answers...
<ul><li>2002:  48,983   student visits </li></ul><ul><li>2003:  209,926   student visits </li></ul><ul><li>2004:  299,900 ...
Managing the Variable Costs of Customer Contacts <ul><li>Face-to-face contact   US $8.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone contact (...
During 2006, USQAssist processed  624,244  student visits at an approx. cost of  $149,819 , compared to an estimated equiv...
Incoming “new” academic question from student Previous Questions <meta tags> Reusable Learning Objects  Academic Content R...
Incoming “new” academic question from student Previous Questions <meta tags> Reusable Learning Objects  Academic Content R...
 
<ul><li>USQ has registered the relevant internet domain names for  Academic Volunteers International </li></ul><ul><li>USQ...
As the intelligent databases and academic volunteer initiatives become more comprehensive, the  institutional variable cos...
In effect, fifth generation distance education will provide students with  quality   tuition and effective pedagogical and...
Leadership Challenge “ The single greatest challenge facing managers in the developed countries of the world is to  increa...
“ Any new technology environment  eventually  creates a totally new human environment”   Marshall McLuhan   The Virtual Re...
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TAYLOR. Generación 5.

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  • GDLN-APA Tokyo, 18 - 22 June 2007
  • TAYLOR. Generación 5.

    1. 1. 5 th Generation Distance Education : A Sustainable Approach to Development Professor J C Taylor Deputy Vice Chancellor (Global Learning Services) University of Southern Queensland Australia
    2. 2. Future Projections <ul><li>(Source: Richard Gluyas, New Nabs e-School Deal http://finance.news.com.au, 22 April 2000). </li></ul>The World Bank expects the number of higher education students will more than double from 70 million to 160 million by 2025
    3. 3. Leadership Challenge The fact that the present traditional approaches based on conventional classroom-based teaching and learning will not be capable of meeting the escalating demand for higher education and professional development presents a real leadership challenge
    4. 4. Cost-Effective Access I n both developed and developing countries, t he Internet will provide the only viable cost-effective conduit to provide access to ongoing opportunities for education and training
    5. 5. Five Generations of Distance Education Technology <ul><li>The Correspondence Model </li></ul><ul><li>The Multimedia Model </li></ul><ul><li>The Telelearning Model </li></ul><ul><li>The Flexible Learning Model </li></ul><ul><li>The Intelligent Flexible Learning Model </li></ul>
    6. 6. HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION AND ASSOCIATED DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES Yes Yes Yes Yes No FLEXIBILITY Time Place Pace INSTITUTIONAL VARIABLE COSTS APPROACHING ZERO THE CORRESPONDENCE MODEL • Print First Generation (Asynchronous) No
    7. 7. HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION AND ASSOCIATED DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No FLEXIBILITY Time Place Pace Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes INSTITUTIONAL VARIABLE COSTS APPROACHING ZERO THE MULTIMEDIA MODEL <ul><li>• Print </li></ul><ul><li>Audiotape </li></ul><ul><li>• Videotape </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-based learning (eg CML/CAL) </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive video </li></ul>Second Generation (Asynchronous) No No No No No
    8. 8. Variable costs tend to increase or decrease directly (often linearly) with fluctuations in the volume of activity. In traditional distance education delivery, the distribution of packages of self-instructional materials (printed study guides, audiotapes, videotapes, etc) is a variable cost , which varies in direct proportion to the number of students enrolled.
    9. 9. HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION AND ASSOCIATED DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES FLEXIBILITY Time Place Pace No No No No No No INSTITUTIONAL VARIABLE COSTS APPROACHING ZERO THE TELELEARNING MODEL <ul><li>• Audio-teleconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Audiographic communication </li></ul><ul><li>Videoconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Access Grid </li></ul><ul><li>Broadcast TV/Radio and Audio-teleconferencing </li></ul><ul><li>Webcasting (live) </li></ul>Third Generation (Synchronous) No No No No No No No No No No No No No Yes ? ? Yes ? Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No No No Yes
    10. 10. <ul><ul><li>THE FLEXIBLE LEARNING MODEL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>• Interactive multimedia (IMM) </li></ul><ul><li>• Internet-based access to WWW learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>• Computer mediated communication (CMC) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio on demand </li></ul><ul><li>Video on demand </li></ul>HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION AND ASSOCIATED DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FLEXIBILITY Time Place Pace Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes INSTITUTIONAL VARIABLE COSTS APPROACHING ZERO Yes Yes No Fourth Generation (Asynchronous) Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
    11. 11. HIGHLY REFINED MATERIALS ADVANCED INTERACTIVE DELIVERY CHARACTERISTICS OF DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES MODELS OF DISTANCE EDUCATION AND ASSOCIATED DELIVERY TECHNOLOGIES Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes FLEXIBILITY Time Place Pace Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes INSTITUTIONAL VARIABLE COSTS APPROACHING ZERO <ul><li>THE INTELLIGENT FLEXIBLE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LEARNING MODEL </li></ul></ul><ul><li>• Interactive multimedia </li></ul><ul><li>Internet-based access to WWW learning resources </li></ul><ul><li>• CMC using automated response systems </li></ul><ul><li>Campus portal access to institutional processes & LMS activities </li></ul>Fifth Generation (Asynchronous) Yes Yes Yes Yes
    12. 12. To meet the demand for education and training in the knowledge society: GDLN needs to capitalize on its investment in ICT infrastructure and synchronous activities, and expand its commitment to blended and especially asynchronous approaches GDLN Futures
    13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Focussing on Repository Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supporting the Australian contribution to the e-Framework for Education and Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners – USQ, UNE, USC, Newcastle, Massey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEST funding of $6.4million for RUBRIC and related extension projects. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regional Universities Building Research Infrastructure Collaboratively (RUBRIC) </li></ul>Digital Repository Project
    14. 14. ICE (Integrated Content Environment) RENDITIONS: ICE: OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE CONTENT REPOSITORY: INPUT: Print Web CD DVD XML based ICE application User’s “ working copy” Version Controlled Central Repository Word processsor (Microsoft Word or OpenOffice.org) USQ’s Open Source e-Publishing System Managing the fixed costs of courseware design and development
    15. 16. The Goals of the OCW Consortium <ul><li>Extend the reach and impact of open courseware around the world </li></ul><ul><li>Foster the development of additional open courseware projects </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure the long-term sustainability of open courseware projects by identifying ways to improve effectiveness and reduce costs </li></ul>
    16. 19. Incoming “new” admin question from student Previous Questions USQ Assist : Self-service Q & A Repository Previous Answers “ Immediate” admin feedback to student NO YES Search / Match Trigger Ask a question/ send an email USQ staff member – “New Answer” Managing the Variable Costs of Student Administrative Support
    17. 20. <ul><li>2002: 48,983 student visits </li></ul><ul><li>2003: 209,926 student visits </li></ul><ul><li>2004: 299,900 student visits </li></ul><ul><li>2005: 441,459 student visits </li></ul><ul><li>2006: 624,244 student visits </li></ul>Web Self-Service Knowledge Base
    18. 21. Managing the Variable Costs of Customer Contacts <ul><li>Face-to-face contact US $8.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Phone contact (average) US $4.00 - $6.00 </li></ul><ul><li>Email US $0.50 - $2.50 </li></ul><ul><li>Web Self-Service US $0.24 </li></ul>Source: Gartner Group Inc.
    19. 22. During 2006, USQAssist processed 624,244 student visits at an approx. cost of $149,819 , compared to an estimated equivalent phone enquiry cost of approx. $3.12 million. USQAssist
    20. 23. Incoming “new” academic question from student Previous Questions <meta tags> Reusable Learning Objects Academic Content Repository Previous Answers <meta tags> “ Immediate” academic feedback to student NO YES New Answer Search / Match Duty Tutor Trigger Metadata Schema Model Managing the Variable Costs of Academic Support
    21. 24. Incoming “new” academic question from student Previous Questions <meta tags> Reusable Learning Objects Academic Content Repository Previous Answers <meta tags> “ Immediate” academic feedback to student NO YES New Answer Search / Match Duty Tutor Trigger Managing the Variable Costs of Academic Support
    22. 26. <ul><li>USQ has registered the relevant internet domain names for Academic Volunteers International </li></ul><ul><li>USQ intends to develop an extensible web architecture and associated software as an open source initiative </li></ul>
    23. 27. As the intelligent databases and academic volunteer initiatives become more comprehensive, the institutional variable costs for the provision of effective student support will tend towards zero 5 th Generation
    24. 28. In effect, fifth generation distance education will provide students with quality tuition and effective pedagogical and administrative support services at much lower cost 5th Generation: Increasing Access
    25. 29. Leadership Challenge “ The single greatest challenge facing managers in the developed countries of the world is to increase the productivity of knowledge and service workers” Peter Drucker ( 1991).
    26. 30. “ Any new technology environment eventually creates a totally new human environment” Marshall McLuhan The Virtual Revolution?
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