Paper Cracking IEEE Mei 2012

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Paper Cracking IEEE Mei 2012

  1. 1. IEEE-Paper Cracking:“Antenna Technologies: Past,Present, and Future”978-1-4673-0037-7, Constantine A. Balanis, published 2012Mohammad Arif HarfiantoIEEE - Antenna and Propagation Society MemberIEEE Student Branch of Institut Teknologi Telkom MemberHead of Research Divisions – Laboratorium Antena Institut Teknologi Telkom
  2. 2. Abstract “The evolution of antenna technology is reviewed, from the days of Marconi to the present. Various periods over which antenna technology has been revitalized are reviewed, and the various antenna configurations developed during those periods are summarized along with so me of their respective key characteristics. The history starts at the beginning of the 20th century and the respective technologies developed in the decades that follow are identified. Individuals that played a key role, especially dur ing the early stages of antenna technology, are identified. Future trends and needs are speculated. Key technologies that will contribute to future advancements are identified and will be presented at the conference.” Historical Story Future Advancement of Antenna Technology2 07/23/12
  3. 3. Historical Stories Various experiments in nineteenth century of microwave antennas: • 1885 – Edison’s experiment • 1887 – Hertz using half lambda dipole • 1888 – Hertz demonstrating the cylindrical parabolic antennas • 1889 – Experiment of phased arrays antennas • 1897 – Biconical Dipole Antenna, Oliver J. Lodge • 1901 – Marconi transmitting monopole’s signal3 07/23/12
  4. 4. Historical Stories (cont’) Guglielmo Marconi4 07/23/12
  5. 5. Historical Stories (cont’) 1900 – 1920 (large, low frequency, high power antennas) • 1907 – Othogonal Loop Antena • 1910 – Wire antennas used in aircraft • 1912 – Cage Antennas for ships and submarines • 1916 – Wire Reflector Antenna5 07/23/12
  6. 6. Historical Stories (cont’)6 07/23/12
  7. 7. Historical Stories (cont’) 1920-1940: • 1926 – Yagi-Uda Antennas • 1927 – Franklin’s Directional Array • 1938 – Waveguide Radiators • 1939 – Horn Antennas (VHF)7 07/23/12
  8. 8. Historical Stories (Cont’)8 07/23/12
  9. 9. Historical Stories (Cont’) 1940-1950 (The Beginning of High Frequency Antennas): • VHF Slots, Loops, and Dipoles • (1) Slotted Tube • (2) Stacked Loops • (3) Slot surrounding metal sheets • (4) Rectangular Loop • (5) Wire Slot • (6) Square Loop • (7) Quad element – square loop9 07/23/12
  10. 10. Historical Stories (Cont’) 1950-1959 (Decade of Inventions, small, wideband): • 1950 – Ring Reflector (Fig. 1) • Twist Reflector (Fig. 2) • Fractal Antennas • Helix • 1955 – Spiral Slot Antenna • 1955 – Retrodirective Array Van Atta • 1957 – Log Periodic Antenna • 1958 – Lensed Reflector (Fig. 3) • 1959 – Conical Spiral Antenna10 07/23/12
  11. 11. Historical Stories (Cont’) 1970-1990 (Compact Antenna): • Microstrip Antenna • Microstrip Array11 07/23/12
  12. 12. Antenna Technology Antenna technology in the 1990s to now focused more on the integration of materials to optimize the performance of the radiating elements.12 07/23/12

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