Frontend Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person
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Frontend Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person

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The very first requirement of a great user experience is actually getting the bytes of that experience to the user before they they get fed up and leave. ...

The very first requirement of a great user experience is actually getting the bytes of that experience to the user before they they get fed up and leave.

In this talk we'll start with the basics and get progressively insane. We'll go over several frontend performance best practices, a few anti-patterns, the reasoning behind the rules, and how they've changed over the years. We'll also look at some great tools to help you.

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Frontend Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person Frontend Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person Presentation Transcript

  • • Philip Tellis • @bluesmoon • ptellis@soasta.com • SOASTA • boomerang Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 1
  • FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person Philip Tellis / ptellis@soasta.com Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 2
  • Get the most benefit with the least effort Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 3
  • 0 Beginning Web Performance Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 4
  • Start with a really slow site Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 5
  • 0.1 Start Measuring Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 6
  • Or use RUM for real user data (boomerang/mPulse) Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 7
  • 0.2 enable gzip http://slideshare.net/billwscott/improving-netflix-performance-experience Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 8
  • You can pre-gzip gzip_static in nginx Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 9
  • 0.3 ImageOptim Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 10
  • 0.4 Cache Cache-control: public, max-age=31415926 http://www.mnot.net/cache_docs/ Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 11
  • Yes, that was 10 million pies Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 12
  • 0 Congratulations You’ve just been promoted Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 13
  • 1 What the Experts Do Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 14
  • 1.1 CDN Serve your root domain through a CDN Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 15
  • 1.1 CDN And make sure your CSS is on the same domain http://www.jonathanklein.net/2014/02/revisiting-cookieless-domain.html Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 16
  • 1.2 Split JavaScript "critical": in the HEAD, "enhancements": loaded async Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 17
  • 1.3 Audit your CSS Chrome WebDev tools Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 18
  • 1.4 Parallelise downloads You can have higher bandwidth, you cannot have lower latency. Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 19
  • 1.5 Flush Early and Often Get bytes to the client ASAP to avoid TCP Slow Start, and speed up CSS Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 20
  • 1.6 Increase initcwnd Initial Congestion Window: Number of packets to send before waiting for an ACK http://www.cdnplanet.com/blog/tune-tcp-initcwnd-for-optimumperformance/ Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 21
  • 1.6 Increase initcwnd Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 22
  • 1.6b Also... net.ipv4.tcp_slow_start_after_idle=0 http://www.lognormal.com/blog/2012/09/27/linux-tcpip-tuning/ Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 23
  • 1.7 PageSpeed mod_pagespeed and ngx_pagespeed Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 24
  • Relax Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 25
  • 2 You’ve reached crazyland Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 26
  • Sort in ascending order of signal latency • Electrons through copper • Light through fibre • Pulsars • Station Wagons • Smoke Signals Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 27
  • Study real user data Look for potential places to parallelise, predict or cache Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 28
  • 2.1 Pre-load Pre-fetch assets required for the next page in a process flow Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 29
  • 2.1b pre-render <link rel="prerender" href="url"> https://developers.google.com/chrome/whitepapers/prerender Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 30
  • 2.2 Post-load Fetch optional assets after onload Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 31
  • 2.3 Detect broken accept-encoding Many Windows anti-viruses and firewalls disable gzip by munging the Accept-Encoding header http://www.lognormal.com/blog/2012/08/17/accept-encoding-stats/ Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 32
  • 2.4 Prepare for HTTP/2.0 Multiple assets on the same connection and TLS by default. Breaks many of our rules. Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 33
  • 2.5 Understand 3PoFs Use blackhole.webpagetest.org http://blog.patrickmeenan.com/2011/10/testing-for-frontend-spof.html Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 34
  • 2.6 Understand the IFrame Loader Technique Take required but non-critical assets out of the critical path http://www.lognormal.com/blog/2012/12/12/the-script-loader-pattern/ Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 35
  • Can you predict round-trip-time? Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 36
  • Can you predict round-trip-time? Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 37
  • References • • • • • • • • • • • • WebPageTest – http://webpagetest.org Boomerang – http://lognormal.github.io/boomerang/doc/ SOASTA mPulse – http://www.soasta.com/free Netflix gzip study – http://www.slideshare.net/billwscott/improving-netflix-performance-experience Nginx gzip_static – http://wiki.nginx.org/HttpGzipStaticModule ImageOptim – http://imageoptim.com/ Caching – http://www.mnot.net/cache_docs/ Same domain CSS – http://www.jonathanklein.net/2014/02/revisiting-cookieless-domain.html initcwnd – http://www.cdnplanet.com/blog/tune-tcp-initcwnd-for-optimum-performance/ Linux TCP Tuning – http://www.lognormal.com/blog/2012/09/27/linux-tcpip-tuning/ Prerender – https://developers.google.com/chrome/whitepapers/prerender FE SPoF – http://blog.patrickmeenan.com/2011/10/testing-for-frontend-spof.html Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 38
  • Thank You! Questions? Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 39
  • • Philip Tellis • @bluesmoon • philip@bluesmoon.info • www.SOASTA.com • boomerang • LogNormal Blog Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 40
  • Image Credits • Apple Pie http://www.flickr.com/photos/24609729@N00/3353226142/ • Kittens in a PC http://www.flickr.com/photos/43525343@N08/6417971383/ Confoo 2014 / 2014-02-27 FE Performance: Beginner to Expert to Crazy Person 41