Ch1 Communication And Culture...The Voice And Echo
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Ch1 Communication And Culture...The Voice And Echo Ch1 Communication And Culture...The Voice And Echo Presentation Transcript

  • Communication and Culture Class: Special Topics in Cultures and English Language Teaching Instructor: Dr. Hsiu-Hui Su Presenter: Vivian 9722607 September 29th, 2009 The Voice and Echo
  • Contents Intercultural Contact I Defining the Terms II Communication III Culture IV Reflection V
  • Intercultural Contact
    • Human beings draw close to one another by their common nature , but habits and customs keep them apart.
    • Confucius
    • Everyone is quick to blame the alien.
    • Aeschylus, the Greek playwright
  • Intercultural Contact
    • Domestic
    • Co-cultures
    • The co-cultures
    • in the USA
    • International
    • New technology and
    • information systems
    • Evolving populations
    • The global economy
    Intercultural interaction
  • Defining the Terms
    • Intercultural communication
    • To occur when a member of one culture produces a message for consumption by a member of another culture
      • To involve interaction between people
      • whose cultural perceptions and symbol
      • systems are distinct
  • Defining the Terms
    • The dominant culture
    • To speak for the entire culture while setting the tone and agenda others with power
      • To influence what people think, what they aspire to be, how they behave, and even what they talk about
  • Defining the Terms
    • Co-culture
    • To share the perceptions and communication patterns found within the larger, dominant culture
      • To discuss groups’ communication characteristics that different from the other groups
  • Communication
    • Definition
    • The process through which symbols are transmitted for the purpose of eliciting a response .
  • Communication
    • Principles of communication
  • Culture
    • Culture is communication and communication is culture.
    • Hall
    • Culture is to a human collective what personality is to an individual.
    • Hofestde
    • Culture is a group worldview , the way of organizing the world that a particular society has created over time.
    • Nolan
  • Culture
    • The elements of culture
    Language History Religion Values Social organizations Culture
  • Culture
    • The definition of culture
    • Culture is a set of human-made objective and subjective elements that in the past have increased the probability of survival and resulted in satisfaction for the participants in the ecological niche...
    • Triandis
  • Culture
    • Characteristics of culture
    • 1. Culture is learned .
    Proverbs Folktales/ Legends/ Myths Arts Mass media Culture
  • Culture
    • Characteristics of culture
    • 2. Culture is shared .
    • To make the actions of individuals intelligible to the other members of society.
    Be transmitted from generation to generation.
  • Culture
    • Characteristics of culture
    • 3. Culture is based on symbols .
    • The symbols allow people to package and store them as well as transmit them.
      • Language is the most important symbolic aspect of culture.
  • Culture
    • Characteristics of culture
    • 4. Culture is dynamic .
    • Cultures are subject to fluctuations and seldom remain constant.
      • The deep structure of a culture resists major alterations.
  • Culture
    • Characteristics of culture
    • 4. Culture is an integrated system.
    • Culture is composed of parts that are related to each other.
      • All aspects of culture must be reasonably well integrated in order to function properly.
  • Reflection
    • Studying intercultural communication
    • 1. Individual uniqueness
    • People are more than their cultures.
    • 2. Stereotyping
    • No rule is so general, which admits not some exception.
    • 3. Objectivity
    • It requires to eliminate the cultural orientations and negative behavior
  • Reflection
    • Language and culture
    • 1. “ 下車投錢 !”
    • 2. Bear market VS. Bull market
  • Reflection
    • Intercultural sensitivity
    • How to Improve Intercultural Sensitivity : Overcome Ethnocentrism Through Avoiding Assumptions
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uqFv1aM8vqU
  • Thank you for listening!