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PADDDtracker: Crowdsourcing PADDDs Using the Power of ArcGIS for Server - 2013 Esri International User Conference
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PADDDtracker: Crowdsourcing PADDDs Using the Power of ArcGIS for Server - 2013 Esri International User Conference

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PADDDtracker.org, built on ArcGIS for Server, ArcSDE and Drupal, uses crowd sourcing techniques to monitor protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD), the legal process through …

PADDDtracker.org, built on ArcGIS for Server, ArcSDE and Drupal, uses crowd sourcing techniques to monitor protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD), the legal process through which national parks and nature reserves become weaker, smaller, or are removed completely. This demo will cover the technicalities involved in creating the site including the use of FME for data processing, set up of map service security and lessons learned.

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  • This growth in PA estate is predicated on the assumption that PAs are permanent, and their protected status will remain intact into perpetuity
  • However we’re finding that that’s not the whole picture, and in fact the downgrading, downsizing, and degazetting of PA’s is a widespread phenomenon. PAs are sometimes downgraded (a decrease in the restrictions on the number, magnitude or types of activities permitted within a PA), downsized (boundaries reduced), or degazetted (functional loss of legal protection).
  • industrial extraction and production as well as local land use and land claims, have been the largest proximate causes of PADDD.
  • PADDD is becoming more frequent over time. But there are concentrated spikes in activity in some years, associated with systemic changes to Protected Area systems. What I mean by that is that laws will be changed at the country or regional level, resulting in a number of PAs to simultaneously undergo PADDD.
  • Albert national park was created in DRC (then, Belgian Congo) in the 1930s, primarily for the protection of mountain gorillas… it’s changed it’s name a few times in the last 70 years - today its Virunga national park - but it’s continued to be an iconic park for this species. In 2012, a proposal was put forward to allow oil and gas exploration within the Park. This caused a bit of a stir, especially in the conservation community, but has since been cancelled. To bring to light the fact that protected areas, like Virunga, are not always protected forever, WWF built PADDDtracker. PADDDtracker.orgdocuments the patterns, trends, causes, and consequences of PADDD around the world.The application allows users to learn about PADDD and to share their own experiences: where has PADDD already happened? Where have they been proposed? Why is it happening? Etc.
  • The initial dataset that seeded PADDDtracker was data collected by WWF since 2008. The data has information about where, when, and why PADDD occurs. It was collected using desk-based analyses of WDPA PA lists, peer-reviewed lit, grey lit, the media and expert-provided data.
  • Processing the data and loading into SDE
  • Publishing a Map Service and enabling securityhttp://ags101.blueraster.com/arcgis/manager/
  • Architectural diagram

Transcript

  • 1. PADDDtracker: Crowdsourcing PADDDs Using the Power of ArcGIS for Server Adrienne Allegretti, Blue Raster ESRI UC, San Diego - July 9, 2013 © Diane Hargreaves / hargreavesphoto.com
  • 2. The Facts About Protected Areas • 130,000 across the world • Over 13% of the world’s surface • Cover 4% of the world’s water • One of the largest land uses on the planet. • Often times the only hope to stopping many threatened or endangered species from becoming extinct • We assume their protected status will remain intact into perpetuity
  • 3. What are PADDDs? Downgraded Degazetted Downsized Boundaries reduced Decrease in the restrictions on the number, magnitude or types of activities Functional loss of legal protection
  • 4. Cause of PADDDs 0 500 1000 1500 Industrial Local Cons planning Other Unknown NumberofPADDDevents enacted proposed
  • 5. Enacted PADDD, 1900-2012 0 20 40 60 80 100 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 Downgrade Downsize Degazette
  • 6. Virunga: A PADDD Case Study Image courtesy of NPR Photo courtesy of gorilla.cd via Flickr
  • 7. Data Collection • WDPA • Peer-reviewed literature • Grey literature • News and media • Expert consultations Image used under Creative Commons from Andrew Smith
  • 8. Front Loading the Data Step 1. FME transforms Excel to FGDB Table Step 2. ArcMap - join table to geometry (points and polygons) Step 3. Migrate point and polygon featureclasses to ArcSDE
  • 9. Map Service Set Up and Security Step 1. Publish service with Feature Access Step 2. Under Server Manager Security, set up Users and Roles Step 3. Edit service permissions and apply security to feature service
  • 10. Creating A Token from Rest Admin
  • 11. PADDDtracker Architecture • HTML 5 • Uses ArcGIS for Server and ArcGIS API for JavaScript • Drupal for content management
  • 12. PADDDtracker Architecture
  • 13. Demo
  • 14. Conclusions • PADDD is widespread and overlooked • Historic & Contemporary • Has implications for: –Conservation –Human well-being –Development