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War poetry dulce et decorum est -annotated






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    War poetry   dulce et decorum est -annotated War poetry dulce et decorum est -annotated Document Transcript

    • “Like” = Simile expresses the Dulce et Decorum Est sadness of their fatigue. Alliteration suggests a stuttering, faltering march. Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Metaphor? Shows effect of sustained shelling, but Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge,also the manner in which Suggests idea of being shoeless, with bleeding feet, Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs, the men have become desensitized to the shells. while also connoting And towards our distant rest began to trudge. “bloodshed” in the war. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots, But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame, all blind; Two ideas in one: 1) The adrenaline of panic. 2) The Short, sharp words (all Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots relief of fitting the mask. stressed) convey the panic and Of Five-Nines dropping softly behind. speed that the men must act with. Gas! Gas! Quick boys! - An ecstasy of fumbling, Present tense shows the man is still alive to the poet, in Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time, his memory. Confirms the idea of the But someone still was yelling out and stumbling incident as a nightmare. And floundering like a man in fire or lime.- Lime is a caustic used to Dim through the misty panes and thick green light, disintegrate matter – often As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. used in burials… Present tense suggests the The poet feels responsible, nightmares are continuing still In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, guilty. for the poet. He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. Onomatopoeic, present tense Shows the desperation of the If in some smothering dreams, you too could pace mimics the sounds and soldier. Behind the wagon that we flung him in, actions of the scene. And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, “Flung” suggests a lack of care His hanging face, like a devil’s sick of sin; Highly graphic imagery but or respect. contained within rigid meter. If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Far from “sweet” Owen makes an horrific comparison. Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud A pause before the poet Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,- addresses the reader directly. Sarcasm? Mocking? Angry? My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The line is taken from Horace – Emphasises that the young are The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est a Roman historian who the ones sent to die in wars Pro patria mori. believed in the nobility of this kind of death. before they are aware of the reality of battle. Wilfred Owen Finishes with a half-line – does this stress that the idea is not Capital letter stresses its true? accepted position in society. Short, direct language – contrast with the lie itself. source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Australian_infantry_small_box_respirators_Ypres_1917.jpg