Unto us step by step essay guide

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Unto us step by step essay guide

  1. 1. “ Unto Us…” Essay Guide Mr Connor’s Class
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>Title, Poet’s name/ 1970s. </li></ul><ul><li>Monologue from aborted foetus’s point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Milligan makes it hard not to sympathise. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Para 1 <ul><li>A dramatic monologue – first person perspective – makes the point of view seem authentic – evokes sympathy. </li></ul><ul><li>Feels like the death of a person – developed – Milligan gives complete persona – abortion seems cruel because of this </li></ul><ul><li>Use of title – the quote “Unto us a child is born” is cut short – like the foetus’s life. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Para 2 <ul><li>Milligan uses many poetic devices – sympathy </li></ul><ul><li>Repetition: </li></ul><ul><li>“… I was!/ Small, but I WAS!/ Tiny, in shape…” </li></ul><ul><li>Capitals - the foetus insists it was alive. </li></ul><ul><li>Small/ Tiny (synonyms) stresses how small and vulnerable. </li></ul><ul><li>Idea of vulnerability continued with word choice – “I was taken/ Blind, naked, defenceless” </li></ul><ul><li>against its will – sympathise. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued with “There was no Queen’s Counsel/ To take my brief” – nobody spoke for the foetus. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Para 3 <ul><li>Use of metaphor – </li></ul><ul><li>“ hung in my pulsing cave” – not a real cave – the womb – ideas of safety </li></ul><ul><li>Connotations of “hung” – the foetus is dead in the womb – why do we sympathise? </li></ul><ul><li>Use of personification – </li></ul><ul><li>“ Each part of me was saying/ A silent ‘Wait for me/ I will bring you love!” </li></ul><ul><li>conveys the urge to live </li></ul><ul><li>every limb wanted it </li></ul>
  6. 6. Para 4 <ul><li>Use of tone – </li></ul><ul><li>Serious/ mournful in first half </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes sarcastic/ bitter in second half </li></ul><ul><li>“ Whose good name/ Was graven on a brass plate/ in Wimpole Street” – someone with a good name, but is carrying out a killing. </li></ul><ul><li>Idea of respectable people doing horrible things. </li></ul><ul><li>We understand the narrator’s bitter feelings. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Para 5 <ul><li>Use of imagery – </li></ul><ul><li>“…dropped on the sterile floor/ of a foot operated plastic waste/ bucket.” </li></ul><ul><li>Sterile – shows lifeless environment </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic waste bucket – cheap, without value/ no appropriate ceremony for death. </li></ul><ul><li>The foetus is given no dignity. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Para 6 <ul><li>Reaction of the parents </li></ul><ul><li>“ My father smiled” – pleased by the death. </li></ul><ul><li>“ No grief filled my empty space” – the parents did not mourn – did not care </li></ul><ul><li>Builds to “My death was celebrated” </li></ul><ul><li>Foetus feels mother had abandoned her proper role – “pretending to be a woman/ Like my mother was” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Conclusion <ul><li>Explain that Milligan uses many techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>What does Milligan think of abortion? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you think the poem makes a strong case against abortion? </li></ul>

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