National Biodiesel Conf.

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National Biodiesel Conf.

  1. 1.
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  3. 3. Background Information<br />Roadways ≈ 4 million miles <br />If 25% of area is used = 10 million acres<br />Railroads ≈ 140,000 miles of rights of way <br />If 75% of area is used = 1 million acres<br />Airports ≈ 19,820<br />If 100 acres/ airport = 2 million acres<br />Military ≈ Department of Defense owns 30 million acres of arable land in the United States<br />If 30% of areas are used 8 million acres<br />
  4. 4. Project Objectives<br />Explore Roadside Agronomic Conditions<br />Initiate Environmental Impact Study<br />Investigate Economic Viability<br />Evaluate Crop Choices<br />
  5. 5. Potential Benefits/Advantages<br />This method of fuel production:<br />Decreases costs of maintenance<br />Aids in educating the public about renewable fuels<br />Increases biofuel production<br />Improved aesthetics<br />Does not affect food supply<br />“We need food and we need fuel, but those shouldn’t conflict” Jeff Steiner USDA ARS<br />
  6. 6. Considerations<br />Safety<br />Structural Integrity<br />Establishment and Harvesting<br />Economics<br />Wildlife Impacts<br />Ecology/Environmental Impacts<br />Water Quality<br />Grower Concerns<br />
  7. 7. One Roadside Biofuel Production Potential <br />UDOT Lands could potentially produce over 250 gallons/mile of Biodiesel <br />Assumptions:<br />100 Foot Wide Growing Region per Mile(12 acres)<br />60% Dry Land Yields<br />This solves maintenance and pest cost problems<br />$300/mile for 2007<br />
  8. 8. Brief View of Economics&apos; of F2F<br />
  9. 9. F2F Research Plot Example<br /><ul><li>6 treatments
  10. 10. 4 reps
  11. 11. 4 locations
  12. 12. 8’ X 20’ plots
  13. 13. Crops tested
  14. 14. Canola
  15. 15. Safflower</li></li></ul><li>Roadside Soil Conditions<br />
  16. 16. Roadside Soil Compaction<br />
  17. 17. A Closer Look at Planting<br />How did compaction affect planting? <br />Resulting in open furrows with no seed/soil contact and evaporation<br />≈<br />Drill Opener and Press Wheels<br />
  18. 18. Yield Data 2007/2008<br />
  19. 19. Hypothesis for Low Crop Yield <br />Extreme Climatic Conditions<br />Extreme Compaction<br />Planting Techniques<br />
  20. 20. RSL Research Focus<br />Simulate roadside compaction and soil quality<br />Evaluate plant establishment techniques<br />
  21. 21. Current Research<br />RSL<br />Greenhouse<br />Land Feasibility <br />FreeWays to Fuel National Alliance<br />
  22. 22. RSL Research Focus (cont.)<br />Compaction Relief<br />≈<br />Seeding Pass<br />Culti-Planting<br />Initial Results<br />Compaction relief with minimal<br /> disturbance to soil <br />Safflower seeds on top of the ground<br />VS<br />Control = No Till Drill<br />Culti-Banding<br />
  23. 23. Greenhouse Study <br />Evaluation Topics:<br />Depth of Emergence<br />Compaction Effects<br />Furrow Effects<br />Coulter Effects<br />Press Wheel Effects<br />Moisture Effects<br />
  24. 24. Feasible Study<br />Estimated 10 Million Acres From:<br />Roadsides<br />Military installations<br />Airports<br />Brownfields<br />Railroads<br />Power companies<br />Tribal Lands<br />Landfills<br />
  25. 25. FreeWays to Fuel Alliance<br />Top Tier Universities<br />Washington State University, Iowa State, Auburn, Michigan State University, Montana State, North Carolina State University, University of Idaho, State University at New York – Cobbleskill, Penn State University<br />Corporate <br />New Holland – tractor donation<br />Great Plains – drill equipment donation<br />Aerway Ag – aerator donation<br />Government<br />State Departments of Transportation<br />DOD Interests<br />State Energy Departments<br />

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