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Brief Intro To Biodiesel

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  • 1. Green Living & Biodiesel
    A Brief Introduction To Biodiesel
    Presented to Cedar Ridge Middle School Technology Students
    By Dallas Hanks,
    USU FreeWays to Fuel
    Oct 15, 2009
  • 2. What Kinds of Fuels Do We Use In Our Vehicles Today?
    2 Main Types:
    Gasoline
    Cars, Small Trucks, Some Lawn Equipment & Tractors, Small Boats
    Diesel Fuel
    Cars, Medium & Large Trucks, School Buses, Large Boats & Ships, Tractors & Farm Equipment
  • 3. Problems With These Fuels…
    Gasoline and diesel fuel are made from petroleum (oil) which is a finiteresource
    Eventually we will run out of oil reserves and it takes thousands of years to create more
    We have to import these fuels from unstable parts of the world
    Makes fuel prices go up when supply is threatened
    Gas and diesel exhaust cause pollution and Greenhouse Gases that may contribute to Global Warming
  • 4. Rethinking Energy Sources…
    Use Less Energy
    Use Alternative Forms of Energy
    Biodiesel
    Ethanol
    Hydrogen / Fuel Cell
    Hybrid Electric
    Solar Power
    Wind Power
  • 5. One of the Best Solutions Comes from Plants – Biodiesel!
  • 6. Biodiesel Raw Materials
    Oil or FatAlcohol
    Soybean Methanol
    Corn Ethanol
    Canola
    Cottonseed Catalyst
    Sunflower
    Safflower Sodium hydroxide
    Beef tallow Potassium hydroxide
    Used cooking oils
  • 7. Biodiesel Reaction
    In the presence of a catalyst
    Combining
    Yields
    Vegetable Oil or
    Animal Fat
    (100 lbs.)
    +
    Methanol or
    Ethanol
    (10 lbs.)
    Biodiesel
    (100 lbs.)
    +
    Glycerine
    (10 lbs.)
  • 8. Uses for Biodiesel
    Biodiesel can be used in any diesel engine with little or no modifications.
  • 9. Benefits of Biodiesel
    78% Life Cycle Decrease In CO2
    Energy Balance 4.6 to 1
    Diesel Engines are 30% More Efficient Than Gasoline Engines –
    You can drive 30% farther on a gallon of diesel than you can on a gallon of gas
  • 10. Benefits of Biodiesel
    Creates Jobs
    Increases Domestic Fuel Production Capacity
    Reduces Energy Imports andDependence on Foreign Oil Sources
    Distributes our Energy Supply Across the Whole United States
  • 11. Biodiesel Production Locations
    Represent ~ 80% of biodiesel production volume in U.S.
  • 12. Other Benefits of Biodiesel
    Easy to Use
    Better for human health
    Less “smelly” than diesel fuel – biodiesel smells like french fries!
    Helps our American Farmers
    Sustainable & renewable resource
  • 13. Biodiesel Activities at USU
    FreeWays to Fuel
    Roadside production of oilseed crops
    Urban Farming and Fuel
    Municipal lands
    Algae Research
  • 14. Thank You!Any Questions?
    Dallas Hanks
    Email: dallas.hanks@aggiemail.usu.edu