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Lesson 6 Population and Economy

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• 1. Access Geography Unit 2 Lesson 7 Population and Economic Activities
• 2. Learning Objectives:
• Review types of graph
• Statistics –how reliable are they?
• Discuss relationship between
• Population & economic activities
• Summarise main points of the lesson
• Signpost for next lesson
• 3. What would the best graph be to show the following
• The split between primary, secondary and tertiary employment in USA, Brazil and Nepal.
• 4. What would the best graph be to show the following
• Change of consumption of energy over time from 2000 to 2050
• 5. What would the best graph be to show the following
• To compare the tourism data for the UK in October 2001 with October the previous year.
• 6. What would the best graph be to show the following
• To show the size of different age groups of indigenous and non indigenous population in Australia
• 7. Statistical bias
• Accurate and reliable statistics are often ______ to obtain.
• It is difficult to know the ____ or authority
• of statistics found on the web.
• You need to bear in mind the _____
• of last census or survey for a particular country.
• Different ____ techniques are used by
• different research agencies
• ____ statistics – not all people complete the
• forms or do so accurately
• Different methods of _____ and recording
• information many be used.
• There are different ____ of key terms. E.g. what is the definition of “London” for measures of population?
• Extrapolation and margins of error – total figures for a country or region are ____ on a sample of respondents.
• 8. Consider this….
• It was possible to find 4 figures for the population of Cairo in 1986
• 8.1 million
• 9.8 million
• 12 million
• 15 million
• Task: what could have accounted for these differences?
• Can you make any connections between the following to explain how economic activities influence population?
death rates education health government spending income levels economic prosperity birth rates income tax
• 10. Comparing employment structures to levels of economic development Country MEDC/LEDC (GNP in US\$) Primary Secondary Tertiary Bangladesh LEDC 63 11 26 Nepal LEDC 81 3 16 Cameroon LEDC 79 13 17 France MEDC 4 24 72 India LEDC 60 17 23 Italy MEDC 5 32 63 Japan MEDC 5 25 70 UK MEDC 1 25 74 USA MEDC 2 23 75
• 11. Don’t these pie charts show the information more clearly! The split between primary, secondary and tertiary employment in USA, Brazil and Nepal.
• 12. Links between economic development and population
• The higher the level of economy…
• The greater the income levels
• The more money can be raised from tax
• So more can be spent on society
• Which leads to better education and health care
• Which affects the BR, DR
• and LE….
• 13. What about economic activities?
• Type of economic activity?
• Agriculture – how will this affect BR?
• Industry & Manufacturing –
• what kind of population does this require?
• Services _ what might this indicate about development?
• GDP (per head) – explain the link between this and FR
• 14. LEDC: Bangladesh
• Population: 149.7 million
• Population density: 1040 people/km 2
• Population growth: 1,91%
• BR: 28.9%
• Agriculture: 66%
• Industry: 10%
• Services: 24%
• GDP per head: \$380
• 15. BRIC: Brazil
• Population: 191.2 million
• Population density: 22 people/km2
• Population growth: 1.05%
• Agriculture: 23%
• Industry: 24%
• Services: 53%
• GDP per head: \$8144
• 16. MEDC: Japan
• Population: 127.8 million
• Population density: 338.4 people/km2
• Population growth: 0.17%
• Agriculture: 5%
• Industry: 29%
• Services: 66%
• GDP per head: \$36170
• 17. So, do economic activities influence population?
• More developed countries seem to have a lower BR
• Greater wealth leads to an individualistic culture
• Large families can become an economic burden: the cost of education
• Children not needed as labour, care givers and providers, smaller families
• Career over family?
• 18. Topics to consider:
• PPEST
• Physical
• Political
• Environmental
• Social
• Technological
• 19. Research approach
• Atlas or map
• Course book
• Internet: VLE for a start
• Other books in LRC
• Magazines
• Each other
• 20. death rates education health government spending income levels economic prosperity birth rates income tax