Lesson 6 Population and Economy

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Lesson 6 Population and Economy

  1. 1. Access Geography Unit 2 Lesson 7 Population and Economic Activities
  2. 2. Learning Objectives: <ul><li>Review types of graph </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics –how reliable are they? </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss relationship between </li></ul><ul><li>Population & economic activities </li></ul><ul><li>Summarise main points of the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>Signpost for next lesson </li></ul>
  3. 3. What would the best graph be to show the following <ul><li>The split between primary, secondary and tertiary employment in USA, Brazil and Nepal. </li></ul>
  4. 4. What would the best graph be to show the following <ul><li>Change of consumption of energy over time from 2000 to 2050 </li></ul>
  5. 5. What would the best graph be to show the following <ul><li>To compare the tourism data for the UK in October 2001 with October the previous year. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What would the best graph be to show the following <ul><li>To show the size of different age groups of indigenous and non indigenous population in Australia </li></ul>
  7. 7. Statistical bias <ul><li>Accurate and reliable statistics are often ______ to obtain. </li></ul><ul><li>It is difficult to know the ____ or authority </li></ul><ul><li>of statistics found on the web. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to bear in mind the _____ </li></ul><ul><li>of last census or survey for a particular country. </li></ul><ul><li>Different ____ techniques are used by </li></ul><ul><li>different research agencies </li></ul><ul><li>____ statistics – not all people complete the </li></ul><ul><li>forms or do so accurately </li></ul><ul><li>Different methods of _____ and recording </li></ul><ul><li>information many be used. </li></ul><ul><li>There are different ____ of key terms. E.g. what is the definition of “London” for measures of population? </li></ul><ul><li>Extrapolation and margins of error – total figures for a country or region are ____ on a sample of respondents. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Consider this…. <ul><li>It was possible to find 4 figures for the population of Cairo in 1986 </li></ul><ul><li>8.1 million </li></ul><ul><li>9.8 million </li></ul><ul><li>12 million </li></ul><ul><li>15 million </li></ul><ul><li>Task: what could have accounted for these differences? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Task: find the links! <ul><li>Can you make any connections between the following to explain how economic activities influence population? </li></ul>death rates education health government spending income levels economic prosperity birth rates income tax
  10. 10. Comparing employment structures to levels of economic development Country MEDC/LEDC (GNP in US$) Primary Secondary Tertiary Bangladesh LEDC 63 11 26 Nepal LEDC 81 3 16 Cameroon LEDC 79 13 17 France MEDC 4 24 72 India LEDC 60 17 23 Italy MEDC 5 32 63 Japan MEDC 5 25 70 UK MEDC 1 25 74 USA MEDC 2 23 75
  11. 11. Don’t these pie charts show the information more clearly! The split between primary, secondary and tertiary employment in USA, Brazil and Nepal.
  12. 12. Links between economic development and population <ul><li>The higher the level of economy… </li></ul><ul><li>The greater the income levels </li></ul><ul><li>The more money can be raised from tax </li></ul><ul><li>So more can be spent on society </li></ul><ul><li>Which leads to better education and health care </li></ul><ul><li>Which affects the BR, DR </li></ul><ul><li>and LE…. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What about economic activities? <ul><li>Type of economic activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture – how will this affect BR? </li></ul><ul><li>Industry & Manufacturing – </li></ul><ul><li>what kind of population does this require? </li></ul><ul><li>Services _ what might this indicate about development? </li></ul><ul><li>GDP (per head) – explain the link between this and FR </li></ul>
  14. 14. LEDC: Bangladesh <ul><li>Population: 149.7 million </li></ul><ul><li>Population density: 1040 people/km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth: 1,91% </li></ul><ul><li>BR: 28.9% </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: 66% </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Services: 24% </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per head: $380 </li></ul>
  15. 15. BRIC: Brazil <ul><li>Population: 191.2 million </li></ul><ul><li>Population density: 22 people/km2 </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth: 1.05% </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: 23% </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: 24% </li></ul><ul><li>Services: 53% </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per head: $8144 </li></ul>
  16. 16. MEDC: Japan <ul><li>Population: 127.8 million </li></ul><ul><li>Population density: 338.4 people/km2 </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth: 0.17% </li></ul><ul><li>Agriculture: 5% </li></ul><ul><li>Industry: 29% </li></ul><ul><li>Services: 66% </li></ul><ul><li>GDP per head: $36170 </li></ul>
  17. 17. So, do economic activities influence population? <ul><li>More developed countries seem to have a lower BR </li></ul><ul><li>Greater wealth leads to an individualistic culture </li></ul><ul><li>Large families can become an economic burden: the cost of education </li></ul><ul><li>Children not needed as labour, care givers and providers, smaller families </li></ul><ul><li>Career over family? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Topics to consider: <ul><li>PPEST </li></ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Technological </li></ul>
  19. 19. Research approach <ul><li>Atlas or map </li></ul><ul><li>Course book </li></ul><ul><li>Internet: VLE for a start </li></ul><ul><li>Other books in LRC </li></ul><ul><li>Magazines </li></ul><ul><li>Each other </li></ul>
  20. 20. death rates education health government spending income levels economic prosperity birth rates income tax

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