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Lesson 6 Population and Economy
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Lesson 6 Population and Economy

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  • 1. Access Geography Unit 2 Lesson 7 Population and Economic Activities
  • 2. Learning Objectives:
    • Review types of graph
    • Statistics –how reliable are they?
    • Discuss relationship between
    • Population & economic activities
    • Summarise main points of the lesson
    • Signpost for next lesson
  • 3. What would the best graph be to show the following
    • The split between primary, secondary and tertiary employment in USA, Brazil and Nepal.
  • 4. What would the best graph be to show the following
    • Change of consumption of energy over time from 2000 to 2050
  • 5. What would the best graph be to show the following
    • To compare the tourism data for the UK in October 2001 with October the previous year.
  • 6. What would the best graph be to show the following
    • To show the size of different age groups of indigenous and non indigenous population in Australia
  • 7. Statistical bias
    • Accurate and reliable statistics are often ______ to obtain.
    • It is difficult to know the ____ or authority
    • of statistics found on the web.
    • You need to bear in mind the _____
    • of last census or survey for a particular country.
    • Different ____ techniques are used by
    • different research agencies
    • ____ statistics – not all people complete the
    • forms or do so accurately
    • Different methods of _____ and recording
    • information many be used.
    • There are different ____ of key terms. E.g. what is the definition of “London” for measures of population?
    • Extrapolation and margins of error – total figures for a country or region are ____ on a sample of respondents.
  • 8. Consider this….
    • It was possible to find 4 figures for the population of Cairo in 1986
    • 8.1 million
    • 9.8 million
    • 12 million
    • 15 million
    • Task: what could have accounted for these differences?
  • 9. Task: find the links!
    • Can you make any connections between the following to explain how economic activities influence population?
    death rates education health government spending income levels economic prosperity birth rates income tax
  • 10. Comparing employment structures to levels of economic development Country MEDC/LEDC (GNP in US$) Primary Secondary Tertiary Bangladesh LEDC 63 11 26 Nepal LEDC 81 3 16 Cameroon LEDC 79 13 17 France MEDC 4 24 72 India LEDC 60 17 23 Italy MEDC 5 32 63 Japan MEDC 5 25 70 UK MEDC 1 25 74 USA MEDC 2 23 75
  • 11. Don’t these pie charts show the information more clearly! The split between primary, secondary and tertiary employment in USA, Brazil and Nepal.
  • 12. Links between economic development and population
    • The higher the level of economy…
    • The greater the income levels
    • The more money can be raised from tax
    • So more can be spent on society
    • Which leads to better education and health care
    • Which affects the BR, DR
    • and LE….
  • 13. What about economic activities?
    • Type of economic activity?
    • Agriculture – how will this affect BR?
    • Industry & Manufacturing –
    • what kind of population does this require?
    • Services _ what might this indicate about development?
    • GDP (per head) – explain the link between this and FR
  • 14. LEDC: Bangladesh
    • Population: 149.7 million
    • Population density: 1040 people/km 2
    • Population growth: 1,91%
    • BR: 28.9%
    • Agriculture: 66%
    • Industry: 10%
    • Services: 24%
    • GDP per head: $380
  • 15. BRIC: Brazil
    • Population: 191.2 million
    • Population density: 22 people/km2
    • Population growth: 1.05%
    • Agriculture: 23%
    • Industry: 24%
    • Services: 53%
    • GDP per head: $8144
  • 16. MEDC: Japan
    • Population: 127.8 million
    • Population density: 338.4 people/km2
    • Population growth: 0.17%
    • Agriculture: 5%
    • Industry: 29%
    • Services: 66%
    • GDP per head: $36170
  • 17. So, do economic activities influence population?
    • More developed countries seem to have a lower BR
    • Greater wealth leads to an individualistic culture
    • Large families can become an economic burden: the cost of education
    • Children not needed as labour, care givers and providers, smaller families
    • Career over family?
  • 18. Topics to consider:
    • PPEST
    • Physical
    • Political
    • Environmental
    • Social
    • Technological
  • 19. Research approach
    • Atlas or map
    • Course book
    • Internet: VLE for a start
    • Other books in LRC
    • Magazines
    • Each other
  • 20. death rates education health government spending income levels economic prosperity birth rates income tax