Technology Terms
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  • 1. Words of the Week
  • 2. binary
    • A word meaning “two” or “base two.” A way of counting by using two numbers, 0 and 1.
  • 3. bit
    • An electronic signal which is either on (1) or off (0). The smallest unit of information a computer uses.
  • 4. blog
    • A contraction of the words “web” and “log”. A website usually maintained by an individual with regular entries.
  • 5. browser
    • A software program that allows you to explore the World Wide Web.
  • 6. byte
    • A group of 8 bits strung together.
  • 7. Conversions
    • 1024 bytes = 1 kilobyte
    • 1024 kilobytes – 1 megabyte
    • 1024 megabytes = 1 gigabyte
  • 8. Comparisons
    • The first floppy held 80 kilobytes
    • (53, 687 floppies = my 4G flash drive)
    • New floppies held 1.44 megabytes
    • (4831 = my 4G flash drive)
    • CD holds 700 megabytes
    • (5.8 CDs = my 4G flash drive)
  • 9. CD Rom
    • A round, shiny portable disc that holds large amounts of software information.
  • 10. cell
    • A box where a column and row intersect in a spreadsheet.
  • 11. CPU
    • Central Processing Unit also known as the processor.
  • 12. cursor
    • A blinking line or shape on the screen that tells you where the next character goes.
  • 13. disk drive
    • A part of the computer that operates the disks that store information.
  • 14. download
    • Receiving information from someone else’s computer over a network and saving to your own computer or disk.
  • 15. e-mail
    • A way of sending messages from one computer to another.
  • 16. field
    • An element in a database that holds exactly one type of information about an item or subject.
  • 17. gigabyte
    • A unit of measure that equals 1,073,741,824 bytes.
  • 18. HTML
    • HyperText Markup Language – the set of codes that makes up web pages.
  • 19. icon
    • A tiny picture on the screen that represents a program, file, or folder.
  • 20. Internet
    • Millions of computers around the world that are connected to each other.
  • 21. modem
    • A device that links a computer to other computers using phone lines.
  • 22. monitor
    • TV like part of the computer that you look at to see information.
  • 23. network
    • A number of computers connected together to share information and hardware.
  • 24. operating system
    • Software component of a computer system responsible for the management and coordination of computer activities.
  • 25. processor
    • The chip which is the brains of the computer also known as the Central Processing Unit.
  • 26. RAM
    • Random Access Memory –
    • temporary storage space on chips in your computer.
  • 27. RSS
    • A family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated content such as a blog.
  • 28. scanner
    • A device that “takes a picture” of something and turns it in to a computerized image.
  • 29. URL
    • Uniform Resource Locator-
    • The address on a website located on the World Wide Web.
  • 30. virus
    • A computer program written to purposely damage computer systems.
  • 31. Web 2.0
    • A perceived second generation of web development and design, that aims to facilitate communication, secure information sharing, interoperability, and collaboration on the World Wide Web. Web 2.0 concepts have led to the development and evolution of web-based communities, hosted services, and applications; such as social-networking sites, video-sharing sites, wikis, blogs, and folksonomies.
  • 32. wiki
    • A collection of web pages designed to allow anyone who accesses it to contribute or modify content.
  • 33. 21 st Century Teachers and Learners
    • Successful learning environments break through the barriers that separate schools from the real world, educators from each other and policymakers from the communities they serve. Yet, many schools continue to reflect their Industrial Age origins with rigid schedules, inflexible facilities and fixed boundaries between grades, disciplines and classrooms, according to a new paper released by the Partnership for 21st Century Skills and sponsored by Cisco Systems.
    • www.21stcenturyskills.org
  • 34. Thank you for learning!