• Save
Searching for the perfect language
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Searching for the perfect language

on

  • 233 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
233
Views on SlideShare
212
Embed Views
21

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0

1 Embed 21

https://mj89sp3sau2k7lj1eg3k40hkeppguj6j-a-sites-opensocial.googleusercontent.com 21

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Searching for the perfect language Searching for the perfect language Presentation Transcript

  • SEARCHING FOR THE PERFECTLANGUAGEUtopias in the information societyAdvisor: José María Díaz NafríaHessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language 112.06.13
  • Content2Hessel MaximilianBasicsLogical approachesArtificial LanguagesConnection toinformation societyConclussionSearching for the perfect language12.06.13
  • Historic context3Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Has there ever been a universal language?
  • Reasons4Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Why do we need an universal language?
  • Prerequirements5Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Universal• Easy to learn & use• Precise• Computable
  • Dante (1265-1321)6Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Make Italian as best as possible• Non-universal approach• Not an uptopien idea
  • Ramon Llull(1223-1316)7Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Tried to reach all humans• Ars Magna = system of aperfect universal language• Based on mathematicprinciples (universal)• Killed by Saracenes(legend)
  • Francis Bacon(1561-1626)8Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13„To be free from idola(religion) – weneed a new language“=>Alphabet of human thoughts
  • Descartes(1596-1650)9Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Break problems down so farthey can be solved withoutdoubt• Decimal based language
  • John Wilkins (1614-1672)10Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13de deb debaElement First element(fire)Part of theelement(flame)• Complete approach to ananalytic language• System tabular background• 3 layers• 40 classes – subclasses -species
  • The analytic language of John Wilkins11Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Salmon ZanaScaled fishLives in riversWith ruddy(red) meat• Dystopia dealing with J. Wilkins• Complexe system• Abitrary classification• How could we classify the universe, if wedon‘t know what the universe is?• How can we know the universe fits into asenseful system?By Jorge Luis Borges 1937
  • Leibniz(1646-1716)12Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Cosmopolitical humanist• Unify the entire human species• Imperfections of natural languages• Thought to manifest itself in amachine• Binary systems
  • Esperanto - 188713Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Domo DomaHome / House Homely• Most widely spoken constructed language• Between 10.000 – 2.000.000 fluet speakers• Based on Romance Languages, influencedby German, English, Russian• Easy to learn• Supports universal communicationBy Doktoro Esperanto (Ludwig Zamenhof 1859 – 1917)
  • English14Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Language of science• Important for business & travel• Most important language of the world wide web• Spread through the Empire & Technology• Basic english consists only of 850 words
  • In context of the Internet15Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13
  • Noam Chomsky(*1928)16Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Linguist & intellectual• The language as a system of knowledge• Universal grammar: fixed global principles(genes) + binary parameters (education)• Many aspects of linguistic competenceare already there, kids don‘t need to learnthem• Focus on the grammar not on the context• Big dispute in the scientific community
  • Effect of Chomsky`s work17Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Together with A. Turing• Natural languages viewed by amathematic perspective• Layed the bases for current informatikdevelopments• Turing machine / Turing test• Chomsky hirarchy – theoretic backgroundof compailers / computer linuistics +basics for translation computer
  • 18Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13„The language doesn‘t reflect aplatonic pre constructed termuniverse, but contributes tobuilding it.“Umberto Eco 1993
  • Sources:19Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Mattleart – The information society• J.L. Borges – Die analytische SpracheJohn Wilkins• Umberto Eco – Die Suche nach dervollkommenen Sprache• quisestlullus.narpan.net/eng/index_eng.html• chomsky.info/bios/2004----.htm• utopiaordystopia.com/tag/alan-turing/