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SEARCHING FOR THE PERFECTLANGUAGEUtopias in the information societyAdvisor: José María Díaz NafríaHessel Maximilian Search...
Content2Hessel MaximilianBasicsLogical approachesArtificial LanguagesConnection toinformation societyConclussionSearching ...
Historic context3Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Has there ever been a universal language?
Reasons4Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Why do we need an universal language?
Prerequirements5Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Universal• Easy to learn & use• Precise• Com...
Dante (1265-1321)6Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Make Italian as best as possible• Non-univ...
Ramon Llull(1223-1316)7Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Tried to reach all humans• Ars Magna ...
Francis Bacon(1561-1626)8Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13„To be free from idola(religion) – we...
Descartes(1596-1650)9Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Break problems down so farthey can be s...
John Wilkins (1614-1672)10Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13de deb debaElement First element(fir...
The analytic language of John Wilkins11Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Salmon ZanaScaled fishL...
Leibniz(1646-1716)12Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Cosmopolitical humanist• Unify the entir...
Esperanto - 188713Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Domo DomaHome / House Homely• Most widely sp...
English14Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Language of science• Important for business & trave...
In context of the Internet15Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13
Noam Chomsky(*1928)16Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Linguist & intellectual• The language a...
Effect of Chomsky`s work17Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Together with A. Turing• Natural l...
18Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13„The language doesn‘t reflect aplatonic pre constructed term...
Sources:19Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Mattleart – The information society• J.L. Borges –...
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Transcript of "Searching for the perfect language"

  1. 1. SEARCHING FOR THE PERFECTLANGUAGEUtopias in the information societyAdvisor: José María Díaz NafríaHessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language 112.06.13
  2. 2. Content2Hessel MaximilianBasicsLogical approachesArtificial LanguagesConnection toinformation societyConclussionSearching for the perfect language12.06.13
  3. 3. Historic context3Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Has there ever been a universal language?
  4. 4. Reasons4Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Why do we need an universal language?
  5. 5. Prerequirements5Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Universal• Easy to learn & use• Precise• Computable
  6. 6. Dante (1265-1321)6Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Make Italian as best as possible• Non-universal approach• Not an uptopien idea
  7. 7. Ramon Llull(1223-1316)7Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Tried to reach all humans• Ars Magna = system of aperfect universal language• Based on mathematicprinciples (universal)• Killed by Saracenes(legend)
  8. 8. Francis Bacon(1561-1626)8Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13„To be free from idola(religion) – weneed a new language“=>Alphabet of human thoughts
  9. 9. Descartes(1596-1650)9Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Break problems down so farthey can be solved withoutdoubt• Decimal based language
  10. 10. John Wilkins (1614-1672)10Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13de deb debaElement First element(fire)Part of theelement(flame)• Complete approach to ananalytic language• System tabular background• 3 layers• 40 classes – subclasses -species
  11. 11. The analytic language of John Wilkins11Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Salmon ZanaScaled fishLives in riversWith ruddy(red) meat• Dystopia dealing with J. Wilkins• Complexe system• Abitrary classification• How could we classify the universe, if wedon‘t know what the universe is?• How can we know the universe fits into asenseful system?By Jorge Luis Borges 1937
  12. 12. Leibniz(1646-1716)12Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Cosmopolitical humanist• Unify the entire human species• Imperfections of natural languages• Thought to manifest itself in amachine• Binary systems
  13. 13. Esperanto - 188713Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13Domo DomaHome / House Homely• Most widely spoken constructed language• Between 10.000 – 2.000.000 fluet speakers• Based on Romance Languages, influencedby German, English, Russian• Easy to learn• Supports universal communicationBy Doktoro Esperanto (Ludwig Zamenhof 1859 – 1917)
  14. 14. English14Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Language of science• Important for business & travel• Most important language of the world wide web• Spread through the Empire & Technology• Basic english consists only of 850 words
  15. 15. In context of the Internet15Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13
  16. 16. Noam Chomsky(*1928)16Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Linguist & intellectual• The language as a system of knowledge• Universal grammar: fixed global principles(genes) + binary parameters (education)• Many aspects of linguistic competenceare already there, kids don‘t need to learnthem• Focus on the grammar not on the context• Big dispute in the scientific community
  17. 17. Effect of Chomsky`s work17Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Together with A. Turing• Natural languages viewed by amathematic perspective• Layed the bases for current informatikdevelopments• Turing machine / Turing test• Chomsky hirarchy – theoretic backgroundof compailers / computer linuistics +basics for translation computer
  18. 18. 18Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13„The language doesn‘t reflect aplatonic pre constructed termuniverse, but contributes tobuilding it.“Umberto Eco 1993
  19. 19. Sources:19Hessel Maximilian Searching for the perfect language12.06.13• Mattleart – The information society• J.L. Borges – Die analytische SpracheJohn Wilkins• Umberto Eco – Die Suche nach dervollkommenen Sprache• quisestlullus.narpan.net/eng/index_eng.html• chomsky.info/bios/2004----.htm• utopiaordystopia.com/tag/alan-turing/

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