Jose M Cantera History 141 3/9/2009
<ul><li>The annexation of Texas took place in 1845 after the conquest over Mexico in the Mexican-American war.  </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaveholders intended to expand the right to own slave...
<ul><li>By 1849 the population of California was as large as Delaware and Florida, existing states. </li></ul><ul><li>The ...
<ul><li>Robert Thoomb said, “I aim for disunion” </li></ul><ul><li>Several southerners made a threat of secession and seem...
<ul><li>The Chivalry killed of opposition as well as infiltrate slavery southern California. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1852 the...
<ul><li>The New York Review Of Books: The Fight For Slavery in California by James M. McPherson </li></ul>
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

The Fight For Slavery In California

905

Published on

Events leading to the United states Civil War.

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
905
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The Fight For Slavery In California

  1. 1. Jose M Cantera History 141 3/9/2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>The annexation of Texas took place in 1845 after the conquest over Mexico in the Mexican-American war. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexico was reduced to half its size and the USA increased by a third. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people debated over whether to expand slavery to the west. </li></ul><ul><li>This issue had supposedly been settled by the Missouri Compromise of 1820. David Wilmot, a Pennsylvania Congressmen, said, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory” </li></ul><ul><li>Northern and southern democrats went against Northern and southern Whigs. </li></ul><ul><li>It was that conflict that eventually lead to a civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>Some historians state that the civil war was for nothing because the plantation owners wouldn't be able to expand their crops to the west because of climate conditions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860. </li></ul><ul><li>Slaveholders intended to expand the right to own slaves westward into former Mexican land. </li></ul><ul><li>Utah and New Mexico, later also Nevada and Arizona, legalized slavery in 1852 and 1859. </li></ul><ul><li>California representatives and senators mostly voted pro-slavery south in 1850. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo transferred California to the USA, saw mill workers in a river near Sacramento discovered flecks of gold. </li></ul><ul><li>They tried to keep it a secret but the information leaked out until the rumor reached the east coast. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1848 the rumor had reached William Tecumseh Sherman, he insisted that he be sent more than two ounces of gold as proof. </li></ul><ul><li>President Polk confirmed the discovery of gold. </li></ul><ul><li>By the Spring of 1849 thousands of people were migrating to California in search of Gold. </li></ul><ul><li>People came as far as Chile, China, Mexico, Australia, France, and other parts of the world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>By 1849 the population of California was as large as Delaware and Florida, existing states. </li></ul><ul><li>The people that arrived to San Francisco and the mining camps needed a form of government. </li></ul><ul><li>They would require courts, land and water laws, mail service, and other institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>The house of Representatives had a majority of northerners and wanted to pass California as a free state. Southerners stopped this. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1849 settlers in California made their own state constitution. </li></ul><ul><li>The Whig administration of president Zachary supported having California as a state in order to settle the slavery debate. </li></ul><ul><li>However the proposed constitution modeled on Iowa's banned slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>Most miners wanted slavery out of California because it would provide competition for the non slave owners. </li></ul><ul><li>Slave labor is most profitable in mines. </li></ul><ul><li>Slave owners said that blacks were better adapted to hard work in mines than white people. </li></ul><ul><li>The South’s fear was that if California became a free state it would create unbalance of power in the senate and create more free states in the land acquired from Mexico. </li></ul><ul><li>The ban on slavery in California was described as an unconstitutional violation of property rights </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Robert Thoomb said, “I aim for disunion” </li></ul><ul><li>Several southerners made a threat of secession and seemed like it would lead to war in 1850. </li></ul><ul><li>Clay’s compromise suggested that California be admitted as a slave state as well as Utah and New Mexico. Also D.C. </li></ul><ul><li>There would also be new fugitive laws for slaves that ran away. </li></ul><ul><li>Fears that came from politicians was for nothing as the south would have gained little if California were a slave state. </li></ul><ul><li>The democratic party dominated California politics in the 1850’s. They became known as the Chivalry. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the senators was William Gwin and the other was a southern position man. Together they voted pro-Slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>They helped to repeal the ban on slavery in the Louisiana purchase. </li></ul><ul><li>Williams challenge for control of the Democratic party was David Broderck who opposed the proslavery perspective. </li></ul><ul><li>Broderick was outmaneuvered by the Chivs. </li></ul><ul><li>Broderick manage to get elected to the Senate in 1857. </li></ul><ul><li>He did not last long as David Terry shot him in a duel. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Chivalry killed of opposition as well as infiltrate slavery southern California. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1852 there was a law that enabled a slave owner to keep human property. This lasted for three years. </li></ul><ul><li>They then came up with the idea of separating the state into two parts. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chivs said that slaves could work growing crops in the south and not provide contradictions in the mining north. </li></ul><ul><li>When the note reached congress it slowly died out as most of the members were republicans. </li></ul><ul><li>California's admission as a free state gave rise to filibustering. In the 1850’s. </li></ul><ul><li>Filibusters or pirates/terrorist wanted to annex Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted to take over its plantations and enforce slavery. </li></ul><ul><li>They invaded the island twice but failed and were killed. </li></ul><ul><li>They also attempted to invade Mexico but also failed. </li></ul><ul><li>They managed to take over Nicaragua but eventually failed too. </li></ul><ul><li>Meanwhile Oregon and Minnesota became free states and eventually Kansas. </li></ul><ul><li>There was a dominance of Chivalry in California and the South insisted in seceding. </li></ul><ul><li>Perhaps the First shot in the war was that of David Terry who killed David Broderick. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The New York Review Of Books: The Fight For Slavery in California by James M. McPherson </li></ul>

×