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The Fight For Slavery In California
The Fight For Slavery In California
The Fight For Slavery In California
The Fight For Slavery In California
The Fight For Slavery In California
The Fight For Slavery In California
The Fight For Slavery In California
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The Fight For Slavery In California


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Events leading to the United states Civil War.

Events leading to the United states Civil War.

Published in: Education
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  • 1. Jose M Cantera History 141 3/9/2009
  • 2.
    • The annexation of Texas took place in 1845 after the conquest over Mexico in the Mexican-American war.
    • Mexico was reduced to half its size and the USA increased by a third.
    • Some people debated over whether to expand slavery to the west.
    • This issue had supposedly been settled by the Missouri Compromise of 1820. David Wilmot, a Pennsylvania Congressmen, said, “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist in any part of said territory”
    • Northern and southern democrats went against Northern and southern Whigs.
    • It was that conflict that eventually lead to a civil war.
    • Some historians state that the civil war was for nothing because the plantation owners wouldn't be able to expand their crops to the west because of climate conditions.
  • 3.
    • Abraham Lincoln became president in 1860.
    • Slaveholders intended to expand the right to own slaves westward into former Mexican land.
    • Utah and New Mexico, later also Nevada and Arizona, legalized slavery in 1852 and 1859.
    • California representatives and senators mostly voted pro-slavery south in 1850.
    • In 1848, when the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo transferred California to the USA, saw mill workers in a river near Sacramento discovered flecks of gold.
    • They tried to keep it a secret but the information leaked out until the rumor reached the east coast.
    • By 1848 the rumor had reached William Tecumseh Sherman, he insisted that he be sent more than two ounces of gold as proof.
    • President Polk confirmed the discovery of gold.
    • By the Spring of 1849 thousands of people were migrating to California in search of Gold.
    • People came as far as Chile, China, Mexico, Australia, France, and other parts of the world.
  • 4.
    • By 1849 the population of California was as large as Delaware and Florida, existing states.
    • The people that arrived to San Francisco and the mining camps needed a form of government.
    • They would require courts, land and water laws, mail service, and other institutions.
    • The house of Representatives had a majority of northerners and wanted to pass California as a free state. Southerners stopped this.
    • In 1849 settlers in California made their own state constitution.
    • The Whig administration of president Zachary supported having California as a state in order to settle the slavery debate.
    • However the proposed constitution modeled on Iowa's banned slavery.
    • Most miners wanted slavery out of California because it would provide competition for the non slave owners.
    • Slave labor is most profitable in mines.
    • Slave owners said that blacks were better adapted to hard work in mines than white people.
    • The South’s fear was that if California became a free state it would create unbalance of power in the senate and create more free states in the land acquired from Mexico.
    • The ban on slavery in California was described as an unconstitutional violation of property rights
  • 5.
    • Robert Thoomb said, “I aim for disunion”
    • Several southerners made a threat of secession and seemed like it would lead to war in 1850.
    • Clay’s compromise suggested that California be admitted as a slave state as well as Utah and New Mexico. Also D.C.
    • There would also be new fugitive laws for slaves that ran away.
    • Fears that came from politicians was for nothing as the south would have gained little if California were a slave state.
    • The democratic party dominated California politics in the 1850’s. They became known as the Chivalry.
    • One of the senators was William Gwin and the other was a southern position man. Together they voted pro-Slavery.
    • They helped to repeal the ban on slavery in the Louisiana purchase.
    • Williams challenge for control of the Democratic party was David Broderck who opposed the proslavery perspective.
    • Broderick was outmaneuvered by the Chivs.
    • Broderick manage to get elected to the Senate in 1857.
    • He did not last long as David Terry shot him in a duel.
  • 6.
    • The Chivalry killed of opposition as well as infiltrate slavery southern California.
    • In 1852 there was a law that enabled a slave owner to keep human property. This lasted for three years.
    • They then came up with the idea of separating the state into two parts.
    • The Chivs said that slaves could work growing crops in the south and not provide contradictions in the mining north.
    • When the note reached congress it slowly died out as most of the members were republicans.
    • California's admission as a free state gave rise to filibustering. In the 1850’s.
    • Filibusters or pirates/terrorist wanted to annex Cuba.
    • They wanted to take over its plantations and enforce slavery.
    • They invaded the island twice but failed and were killed.
    • They also attempted to invade Mexico but also failed.
    • They managed to take over Nicaragua but eventually failed too.
    • Meanwhile Oregon and Minnesota became free states and eventually Kansas.
    • There was a dominance of Chivalry in California and the South insisted in seceding.
    • Perhaps the First shot in the war was that of David Terry who killed David Broderick.
  • 7.
    • The New York Review Of Books: The Fight For Slavery in California by James M. McPherson