Acutelymphoblasticleukemia
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  • 1. Leukemia is cancer of the blood. There are many types ofleukemia, but there is a specific one that the cancer starts with thewhite blood cells from the bone marrow which is AcuteLymphoblastic Leukemia (A.L.L.). In A.L.L, the bone marrowmakes cells that normally would develop into lymphocytes.However, the cells are abnormal. They do not develop and cannotfight infections. The number of abnormal cells grow quickly. Theycrowd out the normal red blood cells, white blood cells andplatelets the body needs.
  • 2. No one really knows what causes A.L.L, butthere are some factors that might increaseyour risk of getting it. Some risk factors areradiation exposure, exposure to benzene,smoking and alcohol, genetic conditions, pastchemotherapy, viruses, electromagnetic fields,being overweight, paint exposure, andweakened immunity.
  • 3. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is very rare inadults. About 7,600 people are diagnosed withleukemia each year in the UK. Of these, onlyabout 650 people have acute lymphoblasticleukemia. About half the cases are in adultsand half in children. A.L.L is the mostcommon type of leukemia in children.
  • 4. Like every problem in our body A.L.L hassymptoms too. A.L.L has some what lots ofsymptoms. Like "General weakness or feelingtired, High temperature, weight loss, frequentinfections, bruising or bleeding easily, bloodin your urine or stools, pain in the bones orjoints, a fine rash of dark red spots,breathlessness, swollen lymph glands, afeeling of fullness or discomfort in the tummyfrom a swollen liver or spleen."
  • 5. There is still no cure for it but there is a treatmentto stop it from spreading and getting worse. If thedoctor detects it to late and it has spread throughout your body then there is nothing the doctor cando about it. If the doctor detects it early then youcan be able to treat it. Some treatments can bechemotherapy, steroids, radiation therapy,intensive combined treatments (including bonemarrow or stem cell transplants), and growthfactors. A bone marrow biopsy is to see how manyabnormal white blood cells you have.
  • 6. “Bone marrowaspiration andbiopsy. After a smallarea of skin isnumbedJamshidi(biopsy)needle is insertedinto the patient’s hipbone. Samples ofblood, bone, andbone marrow areremoved forexamination under amicroscope.” Bonemarrow is repeatedin a person to seehow their treatmentis coming along.
  • 7. Standards
  • 8. Even though there is no proof that leukemia ishereditary, some people are saying it is. I wasreading on a website were people answeredthe question “Is Leukemia hereditarydisease?” One of the guys that answered said“I also starting to believe its hereditary, Mygrandpa had it, Now I just found out my dadhas it too.”
  • 9. Leukemia really weakens the immune system.The cancer cells in the body start attacking thehealthy blood cells and it’s how the immunesystem gets weaker. You have to be careful onthe places you go, the people who you arearound, & you can easily get sick.
  • 10. •Davis, Michael K. "Leukemia." DrTummy.com. 05 July 2009. Michael K. Davis. 20 Nov. 2011. <http://www.drtummy.com/index.php?option=com_co ntent>.•“Acute lymphoblastic leukemia.” Wikipedia. 28 November2011<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_lymphoblastic_leukemia>.•“Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL).” Be The Match.National Marrow Donor Program. 20 November 2011.<http://marrow.org/Patient/Disease_and_Treatment/About_Your_Disease/ALL/Acute_Lymphoblastic_Leukemia_%28ALL%29.aspx>•“Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia symptoms.”CancerHelp UK. 20 August 2010. Cancer Research UK.<http://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/all/about/acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-symptoms>
  • 11. •“Is Leukemia hereditary disease?” SteadyHealth.com. 27November 2011.<http://www.steadyhealth.com/Is_Leukemia_hereditary_disease__t53846.html> •“Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Treatment (PDQ®).” Memorial Regional Cancer Center. 30 October 2009. Memorial Hospital & Health Center. 27 November 2011. <http://www.qualityoflife.org/cancer/patientinfo/list/summa ry/?id=CDR258006> •sunnyinSD. L_Claflin. “How does leukemia affect the immune system?” 15 September 2010. Caring.com. 27 November 2011. < http://www.caring.com/questions/how-does-leukemia- affect-the-immune-system>
  • 12. http://www.drtummy.com/index.php?option=com_content&amp;view=article&amp;id=512:leukemia&amp;catid=49:headers&amp;Itemid=57http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Acute_lymphoblastic_leukemia 11/20/2011http://marrow.org/Patient/Disease_and_Treatment/About_Your_Disease/ALL/Acute_Lymphoblastic_Leukemia_%28ALL%29.aspxhttp://cancerhelp.cancerresearchuk.org/type/all/about/acute-lymphoblastic-leukaemia-symptoms 11/20/2011http://www.steadyhealth.com/Is_Leukemia_hereditary_disease__t53846.html 11/27/2011http://www.qualityoflife.org/cancer/patientinfo/list/summary/?id=CDR258006 11/27/2011http://www.qualityoflife.org/cancer/patientinfo/list/summary/?id=CDR258006 11/27/2011