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THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
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THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
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THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
THE WAY TO HAPPNESS
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THE WAY TO HAPPNESS

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  • 1. - GIiAlib A. MASRi & NATliif J. AdAM 6 .J I 52 II ~.J---b ] o I II «l.:>I6-Db u:uh.i 9 QJ-Ll-D .:>..o.:>i uJlJ: -- ~
  • 2. THE WAY TO HAPPNESS THE WAY TO HAPPINESS based "Happiness on between based on "Happiness between Illusion Illusion and Reality"" by Dr. Nasser AI-Omar and Reality by Dr. Nasser Al-Omar and "Causes Happiness" Sheikh and "Causes of Happiness" by Sheikh by Abdur-Rahman Abdur-Rahman AI-Sa'adi. Al-Sa'adi. by by Ghalib Ahmad Masri Ghalib and and Nathif Jama Adam Jama Adam
  • 3. o ( c ) Cooperative ,-,/ Office for Call a~d Cooperative Ollicefor CallandGuidance al-Batha,1995 Guidancein al-Batha,l99S in King Fahd National Library Cataloging-in Publication Data King Fahd Nationat Library Cataloging'in Publication Data Masri, Ghalib Ahmad Masri, Ghalib Ahmad The Way of happiness/Ghalib Ahmad Masri, Nathif lama The Way of happiness/GhalibAhmad Masri' Nathif Jama Adam.- Riyadh. Adam.- Riyadh. 112P.,12XJ7Cm I r 2 P . .l 2 X ! ? C m ISBN: 9960-798-22-4 ISBN: 1- Faith (Islamic creeds) l- Faith (Islamic creeds) 2- Happiness 2- Happiness 1- Adm, I- Nathif Jama (J.a.) Nathif Jama(J.a.) ll- II- Title 240dc 240dc 1619/166 1619i1 Legal Depositno. 1619/16 Legal Deposit no. 1619/16 ISBN: 9960-798-22-a ISBN: 9960-798-22-4
  • 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT RCKNOTJLEDGEIlENT The present work has been written The present work has been written jointly by the two co-authors. Nathif jointly by the two co-authors. Nathif Jama Adam has contributed the section lama Adam has contributed the section on " Sources on "Sources of Happiness." Ghalib Happiness."Ghalib Ahmad Masri has written the other Ahmad Masri has written the other sections the book. sections of the book. The authorsgratefully acknowledge The authors gratefully acknowledge the the efforts that contributed the production efforts that contributed to the produciionof this booklet this booklet in its presentform, especially its present form, especially the valuable commentsof Dr. M6hamei the valuable comments Dr. Mohamed I.otfi Zlitni and other helpful commentson Lotfi and other helpful comments - the contentof this work. the content this work.
  • 5. 3 CONTENTS CONTENTS Descriotion Description Acknowledgement Acknowledgement 2 2 a Contents Contents 3 J lntroduction Introduction 6 Definition Happiness Definition of Happiness 22 22 Sources Happiness Sources of Happiness 23 ZJ 1. Happiness Wealth 1. Happiness in Wealth 23 23 - Qarun - Qarun 25 25 - ChristinaOnassis - Christina Onassis 26 26 2. Happiness Rank and Position 2. Happiness in Rank and Position 30 30 - The Shah - The Shah of Iran 32 32 - FerdinandMarcos - Ferdinand Marcos 32 32 - JeanBedelBokassa - Jean Bedel Bokassa Aa 42 +.t - NicolaeCeausescu - Nicolae Ceausescu 33 33 - Rajiv Gandhi - Rajiv Gandhi -a 33 JJ .A 3. EducationalAchievements 3. Educational Achievements 34 J+ 4. Happiness Farne 4. Happiness in Fame 38 38 - Sporting - Sporting 39 39 - Acting - Acting 44 44 Articles (Excerpts) Two Articles (Excerpts) 49 49 Barriers Real Happiness to Barriers to Real Happiness 56 56 1. Disbelief in Allah and Lack of True 1. Disbelief and Lack True 56 56 Faith Faith 2. Sin and Crime 2. and Crime 51 57 3. Envy and Jealousy 3. Envy andjealousy 57 57 4. Ill-will 4. 57 57
  • 6. 4 5. Anger 5. Anger 58 58 6. lejustice 6. Injustice 58 58 7 Fear Worldlv Power 7.. Fear of Worldly Power 60 60 8. Pessimism 8. Pessimism 61 61 9. Suspicion 9. Suspicion 61 61 10. Arrogance 10. Arrogance 62 62 11. Devotionto otherthanAllah 11. Devotion to other than Allah 62 62 12. Alcohol, Drugs and Drug Addiction 12. Alcohol, Drugs and Drug Addiction 63 63 Landmarks on the Landmarks on the Way to Happy Life to Happy 64 64 (Factorsand Pre-requisites Happiness) (Factors and Pre-requisites of Happiness) 1. SoundBelief 1. Sound Belief 64 64 2. Worship and Devotion to 2. Worship and Devotion to Allah 69 69 3. Remembrance 3. Remembrance of Allah 75 75 4. Goodness Kindness Others 4. Goodness and Kindness to Others and to 77 77 5. Renunciation Too-Long Term 5. Renunciation of Too-Long Term 79 79 Hopesand Griefs the Past Hopes and Griefs of the Past 6. Forgetting 6. Forgetting About People with People 85 85 Higher Standard Higher Standard of Living 7. Building Better Understanding 7. Building of Better Understanding 87 87 of Things and Getting Rid of Misconc- Things and Getting Rid Misconc- eptionsand Superstitions eptions and Superstitions 8. Achieving Harmony 8. Achieving Harmony within 87 87 Oneself and with the Outward World Oneselfand the Outward 9. Good Health,Time, Affluenceand 9. Good Health, Time, Affluence and 88 88 Sound Reasoning SoundReasoning 10. . Social Solidarity 1 0 SocialSolidarity 89 89 11. . Stability of the HumanPersonality 1 1 Stability the Human Personality 91 9l
  • 7. 5 ) 12. The Feeling Peaceand Security 12. The Feeling of Peace and Security 94 94 13. Repentance 13. Repentance 96 96 14. teaming and Pursuit Knowledge 14. Learning and Pursuit of Knowledge 97 97 15. Selection Friends 15. Selection of Friends 99 99 16. Strong 16. Strong Will and Self-Confidence and Self-Confidence 100 100 17. Being on Good Termswith Family 17. Being on Good Terms with Family,, 100 100 Friendsand Colleagues Friends and Colleagues CONCLUSION CONCLUSION 101r l0
  • 8. 6 thename Allah, Most Gracious, In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Most Merciful. Merciful. INTRODUCTION suqprise,he returnedfrom the rich dinner To my surprise, he returned from the rich dinner very unhappy. wanted the reason. He very unhappy. I wanted to know the reason. He explained to me: "If you had seenthe explained to me: "If only you had seen the luxury they are living in - a splendid villa, rich luxury they are a splendidvilla, rich food, luxurious fumiture, servantsand a fleet food, luxurious furniture, servants and a fleet of cars! makesme feel extremelymiserable". cars! It makes me feel extremely miserable". "But, is he enjoying his life?" I asked, "Is he "But, is he enjoying his life?" asked,"Is he really happy?" really happy?" "As far as know", he replied, a little "As far as I know", he replied, a little pacified," he is not enjoying the luxuries his pacified," he is not enjoying the luxuries of his life. He wisheshe could eat ordinarvfood. even life. He wishes he could eat ordinary food, even bread,eventhoughhe loses his bread, even though he loses all his wealth." wealth." "So you are much richer and happierthan he "So you are much richer and happier than he is", said."Your health is a greater is", I said. "Your health is a greater wealth than wealththan thoseluxuries have madeyou so depressed. those luxuries which have made you so depressed. Wealth alone doesnot give happiness.You Wealth alone does not give happiness. You will not sell one finger eye yours your appetite not sell one finger or eye of yours or your appetite for his riches cars!" for all his riches or cars!" saw the tears satisfaction sratefulness I saw the tears of satisfaction and gratefulness and
  • 9. 7I shine his eyes. shine in his eyes. "ThankAllah! ThankAllah!", He said. "Thank Allah! Thank Allah!", He said. Very often man meets incidentsand situa- Very often man meets with incidents and situa- his that make tions in his life that make him unhappy. Later, tions unhappy.Later, when.he recovershis consciousness reflects when. he recovers his consciousness and reflects and on such incidents and situations,he finds that his on such incidents and situations, he finds that his unhappiness was simply a reaction,and that man unhappiness was simply a reaction, and that man can reactdifferently, achievingtherebya higher a can react differently, achieving thereby a higher a degree stability and toleranceif he is able to degree of stability and tolerance if he is able to cope cope with the situation. the situation. neighbour the well-known GermanPhiloso- A neighbour of the well-known German Philoso- pher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)had a cock pher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) had a cock whose crowing annoyed whose crowing annoyed him and distracted him and distracted from his work. When he got fed up from his work. When he got fed up with the cock, the cock, he senthis servantto buy and slaughter he sent his servant to buy it and slaughter it for his meal. He invited a friend his to the meal his meal. He invited a friend of his to the meal and both them sat waiting luch. He talked and both of them sat waiting for luch. He talked to his friend about the cock and the annoyance to his friend about the cock and the annoyance it usedto causeand described peaceand happi- used to cause and described the peace and happi- the nesshe was enjoying after he had got ness he was enjoying after he had got rid of the the brought the cock's crowing. When the servant brought in the cock'scrowing. When the servant food he explainedthat their neighbourrefusedto food he explained that their neighbour refused to sell his cock and so he purchased one from the sell his cock and so he purchased one from the conscious the market. Kant became suddenly conscious of the market. Kant becamesuddenly fact the the cock was still crowing. fact the the cock was still crowing. Thinking of this Thinking this rvell-known philospher, well-known philospher, I
  • 10. 8 found that he miserablebecause the cock's found that he felt miserable because of the cock's cry, and he also felt happy althoughthe cock was cry, and he also felt happy although the cock was still crowing. Nothing had changed;the change still crowing. Nothing had changed; the change was inside himself. was the inner man, not the was inside himself. It was the inner man, not the cock, that made happy unhappy! cock, that made him happy or unhappy! sleep house,not disturbed the I sleep in my house, not disturbed by the rol- noise cars and their horns the street ling noise of cars and their horns in the street nor salesmen's loud voices. Yet, the sound a by salesmen's loud voices. Yet, the sound of a footstepor a whisper inside my bedroom would footstep a whisper inside bedroom would wake me. If sleep the train, even the wake me. If I sleep in the train, even the talk of thosesittingnext to me those sitting next to me will not disturb my sleep. not disturb sleep. What makes me endure the rumbling noises What makes me endure the rumbling noises of cars and salesmen, the train, though a whisper cars and salesmen, or the train, though a whisper footstepwould rouseme from or footstep would rouse me from my sleep? sleep? is becausesensation like a is which, It is because sensation is like a light which, when on, makesthings aroundyou visible whether when on, makes things around you visible whether they are pleasing displeasing you, and when they are pleasing or displeasing to you, and when to is you to hear the noises it is off you fail to hear the noises in the street the street thoughthey are louder. fact, you heardthe though they are louder. In fact, you heard the low whisper your bedroombecause you directed whisper in your bedroom because you directed your sensationand attention to while you your sensation and attention to it; while you missedothersounds you missed other sounds because you kept them out of because kept them out your perception despite your perception despite their loudness, so they dis- their loudness, they dis- so appear as do big things in darkness. appearas do things darkness. Why not divert your attention and sensation not divert your attentionand sensation from from all discomforts of life? Not all discomforts discomforts life? discomforts penetrate your heart. Only what YOU allow penetrate into your heart. Only what into allow
  • 11. 9 into your heart enter, a king into your heart willingly will enter, like a king who allows the enemy into his fortress leaving who allows the enemy into his fortress by leaving a hole its walls. So not strengthen and a hole in its walls. So why not strengthen and ourselves against pains and discomforts? fortify ourselves against pains and discomforts? men equal physical strengthmay cary Two men of equal physical strength may carry the sameload: the may complain as if he the same load: the first may complain as if he carried double weight; while the carried double weight; while the othermay laugh and sing as if he carriednothing. other may laugh and sing as if he carried nothing. men similar physiquemay suffer from Two men of similar physique may suffer from the sameillness:one may reactpessimistically the same illness: one may react pessimistically and and alwaysimaginedeath, thereby increasing illness: always imagine death, thereby increasing illness: while the other may endure patiently, feel while the other may endure patiently, feel optimistic and expect soonerrecovery,thereby optimistic and expect sooner recovery, thereby expeditinggood health. expediting good health. Bismark,the man iron and blood, genius Bismark, the man of iron and blood, genius of war andpeace, could not give up smoking one war and peace, could not give up smoking for one moment;he usedto moment; he used to light one cigarette from anoth- one cigarettefrom anoth- the day. smoking, he was not able er all the day. Without smoking, he was not able to think, plan take appropriate to think, plan or take appropriate action. Once, action. Once, while war, he found while in war, he found only one cigarette in one cigarette his pocket, so he put his pocket, so he put off smoking it to the time smoking to the time hardship. He waited week without hardship. He waited for a full week without a smoking,entertaining hope usingthis cigar- smoking, entertaining the hope of using this cigar- the ette time. He realizedthat he was able to do ette in time. He realized that he was able to do without smokingall this time. He decided stop without smoking all this time. He decided to stop to smoking good because did not want his smoking for good because he did not want his he happiness be dependent a singlecigarette. happiness to be dependent on a single cigarette. to on
  • 12. 10 10 Imagine a man whosebody was exhausted Imagine a man whose body was exhausted with illness, and that suddenly he noticed a snake illness, and that suddenly he noticed a snake crawling. towardshim and at oncejumped out crawling towards him and at once jumped out of his bed as he were his bed as if he were full of health and vigour... or health and vigour...or a man who returnedhome exhausted a man who returned home exhausted with hunger hunger and a chair to rest on when he and looking only for a chair to rest on when he receiveda a dear person saying he was received a call from a dear person saying he was coming, an urgent letter coming, or an urgent letter from the Minister call- the ing the news promotion,he would feel ing him with the news of promotion, he would feel light-hearted light-hearted and full up and would hurry up to the and up and would hurry up to the station the former to the Minister's office station in the former or to the Minister's office in the latter. the latter. Suchpowersarethe source happiness! Such powers are the source of happiness! Dear readers! are rich, but you do not Dear readers! You are rich, but you do not realize wealthy you are. Some may suffer realize how wealthy you are. Some may suffer from headache, toothache colic. which makes from headache, toothache or colic, which makes them feel that is dark. them feel that life is dark. Why did they not see they not see the side when they were healthy? If the bright side of life when they were healthy? If someone goeson a diet, he long someone goes on a diet, he will long for a mouth- a mouth- bread meat and envy those who enjoy ful of bread or meat and envy those who enjoy variousfoods. dicihe not valuethe pleasures various foods. Why did he not value the pleasures food before his iilness'i of food before his illness? Why does man recog- doesman recog- nize the value of boonsand bountiesonly when he nize the value boons and bounties when he loses them? Why does an old man lament the loses them? does an man lament the passing his youth, while the young man fails to passing of his youth, while the youngman fails to smile at his vouth? smileat his youth?
  • 13. 11 11 Why are we aware of happinessonly when it is Why are aware of happiness only when it is us? far from us? Almost everybody is lamenting and yearning everybody lamenting and yearning to past! his past! Why not think about the about the present before it becomespart of the past? present before becomes part of the past? *** {< d< {< We may ttrink that richness can be attained think richness can be attained by possession money alone. What can money possession of money alone. What can money alone give to man? You may have heard of the alone give man? may have heard the sick king who was brought the most delicious sick was brought the most delicious meals, but he was unable to eat any of them. meals, he was unable eat any them. Once, he was looking through a window Once, he was looking through a window of his his palace, when his eyes caught a palace, when his eyes caught a farmer farmer eating eating black olives: pushing one brown bread with black olives: pushing one brown bread into his mouth, taking a second his mouthful into his mouth, taking a second in his mouthful hand, and settinghis eyes on a third. The king hand, and setting his eyes on a third. The king wishedhe had been a farmer and enjoyedsuch an wished he had been a farmer and enjoyed such an appetite. appetite. don't you recognizethe value health? Why don't you recognize the value of health? Is there no vaiue health? Who would agreeto Is there no value for health? Who would agree to give up his sight for a hundredthousanddollars, give up his sight for a hundred thousand dollars, or part his nose for the riches a millionaire? or part of his nose for the riches of a millionaire? Gold and money cannotgive life and happiness Gold and money cannot give life and happiness to to every man. Rothschildenterecl large safe,and his every man. Rothschild entered his large safe, and he was inside,its door bangedand he died while he was inside, its door banged and he died while in a sea of gold. Why are we seeking gold in a sea of gold. Why are we seeking gold
  • 14. I2 12 anxiouslythoughwe possess ample gold? Isn't anxiously though we possess ample gold? Isn't sight as precious as gold? And health.... sight as precious as gold? And health.....and .and time...and the human mind, too,....all time... and the human mind, too, ....all these these are treasures.Why don't we make the best of our are treasures. Why don't we make the best of our time?.... Why don'twe recognize valueof life? time? ... Why don't we recognize the value of life? the Why don't we make the best use of our minds? Why don't we makethe bestuseof our minds? Health, time and mind are an invaluablewealth Health, time and mind are an invaluable wealth that may lead man to happiness he takes the that may lead man to happiness if he takes the right way. right ,< :r ,< *** But what is the right way to that goal which is what is the right way to rhat goal which is pursued by man everywhereand at all times pursued by man everywhere and at all times throughouthistory? throughout history? *There are several trendsthat describe *There are several trends that describe the the reality reality of happiness and the way leading to its happiness and the way leading its attainmentby man. The major trends can be attainment man. The major trends can be summedup asfollows: summed up as follows: 1. Spiritualistic 1. Spiritualistic School, in which philosophers School, which philosophers and theosophistsbelieve that real happiness and theosophists believe that real happiness consists consists essentially spirituallife. essentially in spiritual 2. Materialistic 2. Materialistic Schoolor theory,which upholds School theory, which upholds that real happiness in materialism. that real happiness lies materialism. lies 3. RationaiisticSchool,in which rationalists Rationalistic School, which rationalists believe that happinesscan be attainedonly by believe that happiness can be attained only by reasonand logic. reason and logic.
  • 15. 13 13 4. Islamic Trend, which statesthat the threetypes Islamic Trend, states that the three types of life: the spiritual, the material and the rational the spiritual, the material and the rational are together essential elementsof happy life if are together essential elements happy if they are ruled by the Islamic belief, practice and they are ruled the Islamic belief, practice and values. That is because man is a combinationof values. That is because man is combination those very threeingredients:the body, mind and those very three ingredients: the body, mind and food and drink, spirit: the body is nourishedby food and drink, spirit: the body is nourished the mind by knowledge and experiments, and the the knowledge and experiments, the and spirit faith and goodness....But is soundfaith spirit by faith and goodness....But it is sound faith that builds up a healthy spirit and gives a realistic that builds up a healthy spirit and gives a realistic explanation man'sposition this and truthful explanation of man's position in this and universe, Divine Reality and the basic concept of universe,Divine Reality and the basicconcept and Perfect Attributes God, and the Oneness and Perfect Attributes of God, and the Oneness here we are going to use the name "Allah" for here we are going to use the name God as it is not associated with any distortions God as is not associated with any distortions added upholders idolatry,polytheism, trinity added by upholders of idolatry, polytheism, trinity and otherworshippers falsegods. and other worshippers of false gods. Let us consider the crimes and evils of modem Let us considerthe crimesand evils modern murders,suicides,rapes,drug abuse, societies: murders, suicides, rapes, drug abuse, societies: robberies, thefts,and sexual, neurological, psycho- robberies, thefts, and sexual, neurological, psycho- logical,juvenile andmany otherabnormalities and logical, juvenile and many other abnonnalities and the void man suffersbecause the disorders... the void man suffers because of the disorders... true faith that springsfrom human absence of true faith that springs from human absence natureand doesnot conflict with logic, reason and nature and does not conflict with logic, reason and lack aware- established facts of science ....the lack of aware- established facts science....the ness the real aim behindman'sexistence this in ness of the real aim behind man's existence in this
  • 16. I4 14 universe,i.e., to build and establishan ideal and universe, i.e., to build and establish an ideal and sound society controlledby the instructionsand sound society controlled by the instructions and injunctions his Merciful and Wise Creatorso as injunctions of his Merciful and Wise Creator so as to free man from destructivedrives and inclina- to free man from destructive drives and inclina- tions, and the world from injusticeand tyranny.... tions, and the world from injustice and tyranny.... In fact,Islam,and only Islam,is the true Saviour In fact, Islam, and only Islam, is the true Saviour humanity and the answer to all problems and of humanity and the answer to all problems and questions facedOt -ur; questions faced by man. * * *** The happiness Islam achieves man has two The happiness Islam achieves for man has two major domains: major domains: 1. This wordly life, both on the individual l v l i fe , b o th o n th e i n dividual and collective levels.Itseeksto give man a happy and collective levels.It seeks to give man a happy free cares and evils, characterized life free of cares and evils, characterized by sound faith. is a sound faith. It is a life in which every thing which every rhing shouldbe placedat the service man: should be placed at the service of man: "And He (Allah) has subjected you, asfrom "And He (Allah) has subjected to you, as from to Him, all that is in the heavens and on earth: that is the heavens and on earth: behold,in that are Signs indeedfor thosewho behold, that are Signs indeed those who (Qur'an 45:13) reflect." (Qur'an 45:13) reflect." Everythingin natureis madeavailable by Al- Everything nature is made available lah for the useof man throughthe geniusand fa- lah the use man through the genius and fa- cultiesAllah hasgiven to man. culties has given to man. Yet, many peoplebehaveadverselyas if they Yet, many people behave adversely as if they were createdto serye wealth and be slaves to were created serve wealth and be slaves the pleasures the pleasures and luxuries of life, iosing thereby and luxuries losing thereby their freedom of will and becomine servants their freedom of will and becoming servants of of
  • 17. 155 1 transienttrivialities instea d of being servan ts of transient trivialities insteadof being servantsof-the their Beneficent Sustainerand Cf,erister, their Benef icent Susta iner and Cheri sher, the Eternaland Almighry Allah. Eternal and Almighty Allah. As for the Collectiveaspect, As for the Collective aspect, Islam embraces all Islamembraces all rules and principles contributingto a happy rules and principles contributing to a happy society,whether. a family, a nation on furg., society, wheth er a family, a nation or on larger scale, i.e.,on the international scale, i.e., on the intem ationa llevel . level. 2. The Eternal Life after Death: 2. Eternal Life Death: The The Life after death is a demonstration of after deathis a demonsrration Divine Justice. That day is a must Divin e Justic e. That day is a must for the the achievement retributivejuitice and settlement achievement of retributive justice and settlement of- all injustices and outstanding of all injustices and outstanding accounts, and accounts, and at the sametime at the same time for the generous ieward of good the generous reward good acts. Sincewe believe that Allah is the One-and acts. Since we believe that Allah is the One and Orly God with perfec t attributes, would be Only God with perfect attributes, it would be illogical to entertain notion that He illogical to entertain the notion that He will leave the leave justice unfulfilled. This life - so full of justic e unfulfilled. This iife so wrongs, *.o"gr, crimes,inconveniences, crimes, incon venien ces, good deeds unrewarrCed, good deedsunrewarded, and many human affairs unsettled is in fact just and many huma n affairs unsettled _ is - fact luii an introdu an introductory chapter which prepares ctory chapter which prepares for the the book of eternallife in which .lustice ,.i,or.A book eterna l life which justic e i, restored is gd u personmeerswith his (or her)just deserts. and a person meets his her) deserts. The rvrong-doers The wrong-doers who havepersisteii their sins who have persisted in their sins and wrong-doingand failed io repentand give up and wrong-doing and failed to repent and give up -punishmlnr soundconduct wiil go to endless punishment i; sound conducr will go endless in Hell. While rhose with good recordsand Hell. those good records and
  • 18. 16 16 reward and righteous deed,s will receive generous reward and righteousdeedswill receivegenerous uttiin real and eternalhappiness attain real and eternal happin ess in the Heaven the Heaven Allah, Paradise the Garden Eden'That of Allah, in Paradise or the Garden of Eden. That is the abode of perfec t bliss, which deserves to is the abode perfect bliss, which deserves be sincer ely and indus trious ly sough t by man. be sincerelyand industriouslysought man' There may be some difficulties and handicaps on There may be some difficulties and handicapson the road to this exalte d goal of wise and faithful the road to this exalted goal wise and faithful peopl e, as stated by the Proph et Muha mmad people, as stated the Prophet Muhammad ngs be upon him) that "Hell is be upon him) ttrat is tp.i." e and blessi (Peac and blessingj whims and watondesires, surrounded with whims and waton desire iunounded while s, while the Garden surrounded the Garde hardships'" Such n is surrounded with hardships." Such hardships will serve as a hardships serve as a test of man's goodly test man'sgoodly nature and of his truthful insistence on the attain- natureind truthful insistence the attain- on ment of Allah ment 's pleasu re and reward. A trader Allah's pleasureand reward' trader may spend sleepless nights and may spend sleeplessnights and put up with put up-with arduo us effort s in order to win a gainfu l deal. ardlous efforts order a gainful deal' However, the eterna However,the etemal l life in the abode of happiness the abode happiness is the biggest deal which man has ever competed is the biggest dealwhich man hasevercompeted or striven to attain. But what is Paradise like? or strivento attain. But what is Paradise like? be found The answer can only be found The answercan in the word of Al- the word lah lah in His Glorious Qur'an or in the words of His His GloriousQur'an the words His Graci ous Proph et (Peac GraciousProphet e and blessings upol (Peaceand blessings be uponbe him), who is ihe genuine Authority him), who is the genuineAuthority on the af- on, the- af- fairs of the seen and unseen in general and the fairs the seen ind unseen general and the Hereafter in particular, as he learnt about such re- Hereafter particular,as he leamt aboutsuchre- alities through Revelation received from the All- -All-a*u.e, received alities throughRevelation from the Ail- knowing, All-aware, knowing, Absolute Allah. The Absolute Allah' the
  • 19. n 17 righteoussoul of a good believer returns righteous soul of a good believ er returns to its to its ..L:.d-'we.llpleased well pleasing,,: Lord "well please d and well pleasing": and "(To.the.righteous will be said:) "(To the righte ous soul will bL said:i soul "O (thou)soul,in (complete) and "0 (thou) soul, in (comp lete) rest and rest satisfaction! satisfaction! "Come back thou to thy Lord, well_pleased "Com e back thou to thy Lord, well-pleased (thyself),and well-pleasing (thyself), and well-p leasin g unto Him! unto Him! "Enterthou,then,among-y Devotees! "Ente r thou, then, amon g my Devotees! "Yea,enterthou "Yea, enter thou My Heave n!" Heaven!" (Qur'an, Bg:Zl -i0) (Qur'an, 89:27 -30) The abovepassage The above passag e refers to the state of freedo m refersto the state freedom and ease,to the final and everlasting ,rug. and ease, to the final and everla sting stage of o1 human bliss, when the righteoussoul huma n bliss, when the righte ous soul of the the righteous believer,at peacJwith its Lord, certain righte ous believ er, at peace with its Lord, certain of its way and fate, is welcomedamon g those its way and fate, is welco med amongthose servants Allah chosento enjoy this Divin e servan ts of AIIah chose n ro enjoy this bir,,ine graceand to receive Allah's mercy andprotection. grace and to receiveAllah'sme.cy and protection. "Every soul shall have taste of death: - "Ever y soul shall have a taite of^death: and and only on-the Day of Jud_gment on the Day Judgm ent shall you U. puiJ shall you be paid your fullrecompense.Only he whols .uu.d^ your full recom pense . Only he who is saved fu. far rrom the tstreand admittedto the Gardenwill have from the Fire and admit ted the Garde n will have succeeded:for the life of this world is but gooAi succe eded: the this world is goods andchattels deception."(Holy and chattels of deception. "(Holy eur'an,f :tfS) of Qur'an, 3:185) The blessings paradise The blessi ngs of Paradise cannot be concei,ved of canno t be conceived
  • 20. 18 18 * this life, and are not, therefore,things of this in life, and are therefore, things of world: world: "Now no personknows what delightsof the perso n knows what delights the eye are hidde n reserve) them as a eye are kept hidden (in reserve) for them as their (good) Deeds." rewardfor their (good)Deeds"' reward n, 32:17) (Qur'an,32:t7) (Qur'a explanation this ^ given the Prophet's An explanationof this is given in the Prophet's (p.uce anO blessings be upon him) tradition (Peace and blessings be upon tradition Bukhari's mentioned in Imam bukhari's menti oned compilation of compilation Hadith Hadith: - : i'Ailuh says: have prepared "Allah says: I have prepared for my righteous righteous servants that which no eye has ever seen'no servants that which no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever hsard, and no man'smind has ever ear has ever heard, and no man's mind has ever conceived. " conceived." the Glorious Qur'an about the We read in the Glorious Qur'an about the read Garden Gardens everlasting blisspassages Garden or Gardens of everlasting bliss passages the meaning of which runs as the meaning which runs as follows: follows: "Allah hath promisecl llelievers' men and "Aliah hath promised to Believers, men and to women,Gardensunderwhich rivers f1ow,to dwell women, Gardens under which rivers f1ow, to dwell therein, and beautiful mansions in Gardens of therein, and beautiful mansionsin Gardens everlasting stay. But the greatest bliss is the Good everlasting stay. But the greatest bliss is the Good Pleasure of God: Pleasure God: That is the supreme felicity." (Qur'an, 9:72) That is the supreme feiicity." (Qur'an, 9:72) "My devotees! No "My devotees!No fear shallbe on you today fear shall be on you today nor shall ye grieve" nor shall Ye grieve"
  • 21. 19 t9 "Those who have believed our Siens and "Those who have believed in our Signs and submitted (to Us)." (to submitted Us)." "Enter ye the Garden,ye and your wives, "Ente r ye the Garden, ye and your wives, in ._ (beautyand) rejoicing. (beauty and) rejoicing. "To them "To them will be passed round, dishes and be passed round, dishesand goblets goblets of gold: there will be there all that gold: there wiil be there that the souls could desire, all that the eyes could the souls could desire,all that the eyes could delight in: and ye shall abide therein (for aye). delight in: and ye shall abiderherein aye). "Such "Such will be the Garden of which ye are made be the Garden which ye are'made heirsfor your (good)deeds life). heirs for your (good) deeds (in life). (in "Ye shall have therein abundance of fruit, from shall have thereinabundance fruit. from which ye shall eat." (Qur'an, 43:68-73) which ye shalleat." (Qur'an, 43:6g-73) What What for sinners and disobedient criminals? sinnersand disobedient criminals? "The Sinnerswill the punishment Hell. to "The Sinners will in the Punishment of Hell, to dwell therein (for aye): dwell therein aye): "Nowise will the (punishment) lightened "Nowise will the (punishment) be lightened for be them, and in despa ir will they be there over- them, and despair they be there over_ whelmed. whelmed. "Nowise shall We be unjust to them: but is "Nowise shall We be unjust to them: but it is they who havebeenunjustthemselves." they who have been unjust themselves." (Qur'an,43:74-76) (Qur'an, 43:74-76) ****** ******
  • 22. 20 2A The need to discussthis subjectof "happiness" The need to discuss this subject of "happiness" has arisen as a result of various reasons some has arisen as a result of various reasonssome of which may be summedas follows : of which may be summed as follows: (1) People could belong to different religious (l) People could belong to different religious denominations,or schools of thought, could denominations, schools of thought, have different feelings,wishes and aspirations, have different feelings, wishes and aspirations, yet they are apparently in total agreementabout are apparently in agreement about ihe puisuit of one goal in their life : that is the pursuit one goal their life: that happiness. happiness. This is true of all persons- believersand true persons - believers and non-believers, rulers and ruled, rich and poor, non-believers, rulers and ruled, rich and poor, to achievehappiness. they all toil to achieve happiness. they (2) Notwithstandingthe consensus all human (2) Notwithstanding the consensus of all human beings on seeking happiness, is however, beings on seeking happiness, it is however, surprising surylsing different individuals and how different individuals and people have chosen and different groups of people have chosen and different- groups defined foi themselves differing ways and defined for themselves differing ways and avenuesto achieve this commongo,al. And in so avenues to achieve this common gO,al. And in so doing a large number of them seem to have doing a large number of them seem to have missed the proper avenues to this goal and missed the proper avenues to this goal and achieve any have consequently failed to achieve any have consequently failed to happiness throughout happiness throughout their lives but only their lives but only have succeeded attaining what can be termed have succeeded in attaining what can be termed ln happiness as as "illusory" and "transitory" happiness as as "illusory" and "transitory"
  • 23. 211 2 opposed to "real" and "permanent"happiness. opposed to "real" and "pennanent" happiness. Hence, the attempt Hence, the attempt in this book to re-direct this book r-e_direct thesepeopleto the proper course action to be these people to the prope r course of action to be able to achievethe sought-after able to achieve the sought-after happiness. happiness. The above,as _ The above ,as well as many other reasons, as many other reasons, have led to our discussion have led to our discussion of this important this importani subject subject with a sincere hope that this treatise a sincere hope that this ireatise would prove would prove of help to many who are earnestly help to many who are earnestly searching for real happiness. searching real happiness.
  • 24. 22 22 DEFINITION OF HAPPINESS DEFINITION OF HAPPINESS WHAT IS HAPPINESS? WHAT IS HAPPINESS? According 'Webster's Rccorditg to 'Webster's Third New International New International Dictionary',happinessis a state of well-being Dictionary', happiness state of well-being characteri2edbyielative perrnanence, domi- characterized by relative pennanence, by nantly agreeable emotion rangingin value from nantly agreeable emotion ranging value deep and intense joy mere contentment to deep and intensejoy in mere contentment living, and by a naturaldesirefor its continuation. and natural desire continuation. this term and its "In tle distinctionbetween this tenn and its the distinction between synonyms (i.e., felicity, beatitude, blessedness synonyms (i.e., felicity, beatitude, blessedness, HAPPINESS"' as the general bliss), it defines HAPPINESS" , as the general Uiiss), defines or pleasureable tenn denoting enjoyment of or pleasureable term denoting enjoyment satisfaction well-being,security,or fulfillment satisfaction in well-being, security, or fulfillment in wishes.FELICITY, a more bookishor elevated of wishes. FELICITY, a more bookish or elevated word, may denote a higher, more lasting, or word, may denote a higher, more lasting, or BEATITUDE refers in more perfect happiness. BEATITUDE refers in more perfect happiness. this sense the hlghesthappiness, felicity of the this sense to the highest happiness, the felicity of to the blessed.BLESSEDNESS suggests the blessed. BLESSEDNESS suggests the deep the deep joy of pure or of acceptanceby joy ofpure affection or of acceptance by affection God. God. BLISS may apply to a completeand assured BLISS may apply to a complete and assured felicity." felicity." Somestudents education psychology and define Some students of education and psychology define of continuedfeeling or stateof HAPPINESS as the continued feeling or state of HAPPINESSas the delight,contentment, joy emanatingfrom the delight, contentment, and joy emanating from the and
  • 25. 23 23 perrnanent pennanent sense of self-goodness, goodness of life sense self-goodness, goodness life and goodness man'sdestiny. and goodness of man's destiny. SOURCES HAPPINESS SOUR CES OF HAPP INESS OF Differentindividuals and groups peoplemay Differ ent individuals and groups of peopl e may have differenr ideas wirh .egaid to the best have different ideas with regard to the best ways achievinghappiness.However,there are ways of achieving happiness. However, there are several theories and speculations several theories and speculations which many a which manv a people share as constitutingthe main sources people share as constituting the main sources of happiness. happiness. These may be classified as follow s:: Thesemay be clasiifiedasfollows (1) Wealth (1) Wealt h (2) Rankandposition. (2) Rank and position. (3) Educational (3) Educational achiev ement s achievements (Academic (Acad emic and Hono rary Degrees). and HonoraryDegrees). (4) Fame(i.e., politics,aits,sporrs, (4) Fame (i.e., in politics, arts, sports, science, science, etc.). etc.). (1) HAPPINESS WEALTH (1) HAPP INESS IN WEA LTH Wealth is, probably, the element mostly asso_ Wealt h if, proba bly, the eleme nt mostly asso- ciated, ciated , if not synon ymou s, with happi ness as _not synonymous, with happiness as manypeoplethink. This understand so deep_ many peopl e think. This understand ing so deep- ing rooted rooted in the hearts of so many , to the extent the hearts so many,toihe extent that almos t every where people are engrossed in almost.everywhere e are engrossed peopl tut the acquisition wealth. ih.y the acquis ition of wealth.They look towards look towards wealth.as prima l constituent wealth as the primal consti tuent of happiness the happiness to to the point that for them the two are entwined. the point that them the two are entwined.
  • 26. 24 24 How happy are those men and women who own How happy are those men and women who own ^empires, business empires, wide expansesof land and business wide expanses of land and estates, large bank deposits, etc? estates, largebank dePosits, etc? Many indeedare thosepeoplewho own millions Many indeed are those people who own millions or even billions but are sufferingfrom an almost but are suffering from an almost "u"t pernanent lack of peaceof mind as a result of permanent of peace of as of the fear they have over their wealth the fear tire have wealth the fear of, say, political turmoils,marketmovements, say, political turmoils, market movements, wars, plunders, theft, etc. And not only doessuch wars, piund^ers, theft, etc. does such fear lead sleepless nights for these people but fear lead to sleepless nights these people evep tensions,mental anguish,heart attacks and eve1t tensions, mental anguish, heart attacks and often one comesacrossreports the deaths. Very often one comes across reports in the deaths. media such as the following : media such as the * Fortunes lost and lives follow in financial Fortuneslost and lives financial market crash..... ! marketcrash.....! * A Tokyo trader shot himself after appa rently Tokyo tradershot himself after apparently losing money in the stockmarket--! losing money in the stock market..! * Australia's richestman was rushedto * Australia's richest man was rushed to condition,Sunday' hospital in serious condition, Sunday, hospital in serious after suffering a heart attack. ... ! aftersufferinga heartattack....! that happiness Understanding and accepting that happiness has Understandingand accepting has nothing to do with amassment of nothing to do with amassment wealth is of wealth is perhaps most liberatingrealizationwe can ever perhaps the most liberating realization we can ever the come to. cometo. Ample materialis readilyavailablefrom the lives Ample material is readily available from the lives
  • 27. 25 25 many people to prove our dictum"wealth of many peopl e to prove our dictum "weal th is is not equal to happin ess". equal happiness". QAAR UN OAARUN Qarun's (Kora) Qarun's (Kora ) story serves as a typical story serves as a typica l ex^-ample ex-am ple of opule nt peopl e whose wealth opulent people whose wialth - infused them infused them with pride and pride and arrogance and arrogance and madethem forget the role wealth inhan's life. made them forget the role of wealth in man's life. Wealth shouldbe used Wealt h should be used for the achiev ement of the achievement the welfare man and his society the welfa re of man and his societ y in accor- accor_ dance with the dance with the will and comm andme nts of Al- and commandments Al_ mighty Allah, Who has granredman his exis_ might y Allah, Who has grante d man his exis- tence, tence, faculties, power s, susten ance and facult ies, powers, sustenance and resources. resources. His story is told in the His story is told in the Holy Qur'an: eur'an: "......Suchwere the treasure We had bestow ed " Such were the treasureWe had bestowed on him, that their very keys would have been on him, that their very keys would havebeen a burden to a body a burde n to a body of strong men. Behol d, his strongmen. Behold, his people saidto him: Exult not, people said to him: Exult not, for Allah loveth Allah loveth not those who exult (in riches)."(eur'an, 2g:76) not those who exult (in riches)." (Qur'an, 28:76) Then, Then, "So he went forth among his people the "So he went forth amon g his people in the (pride (pride of his wordly) glitter". (Qur'a n,28:7 9) his wordly) glitter;. (eur'an, 2g:79) When he was When he was in the hey-d ay of his glory, rhe hey-day his glory, worldly peopleenviedhim and thoughtnow nap_ worldly peopl e envied him and thoug ht how hap- py they would be if only they werein his place. py they would be if only they were in his place.
  • 28. 26 26 But wise peoplewere not dazzledby Qaarun's But wise people were not dazzled by Qaarun's fabulous wealth, becausethey realizedthe tran- fabulous wealth, because they realized the tran- sient nature of worldly treasuresand they were sient nature of worldly treasures and they were certain that the true wealth is the reward of Al- certain that the true wealth is the reward of Al- lah (in the Hereafter) for lah (in the Hereafter) for those who be- those who be- and work rightesousness. lieve and work rightesousness. (Vide the Qur'an, Qur'an, 28:80) 28:80) ostentatiously and appeared to Qaarun lived ostentatiously and appeared Qaarun *uny of his people "a lord of mighty good many his people of mighty good gloriousappearance fortune." They admiredhis glorious appearance fortune." They admired his 'illusory this was but forgot his reality. All this was 'illusory but forgot his reality. happines' or, at least, transient happiness, just like happineJ' at least,transient or, happiness, like just a dream or a movie. a dream a movie. What was the end? What happenedto What was the end? What happened to all that that pomp, wealth, Pride and ^ arrogance? pomp, wealth, pride and arrogance? "Then, We caused the earth to swallow up him "T'hen.We causedthe earth to swallow up and his house;and he had not (the leastlittle) par- and his house; and he had not (the least little) par- ty to help him againstAllah, nor could he defend ty to help him against Allah, nor could he defend himself." (Qur'an 28:81) himself."(Qur'an28:81) CHRISTINA ONASSIS CHRISTINA ONASSIS ti"J another eventful story which Here lies another eventful story H.t. which proved beyonddoubt that wealth, whateverthe proved beyond doubt that wealth, whatever the imount o.teholds, cannotby itself be the basisfor amount one holds, cannot by itself be the basis for the achievement real happiness! Here is the the achievement of real happiness! Here is the of the minds of story which for years dominated the minds of story which for years <iominated
  • 29. 21 27 writers, reportersand newsmen,as well as the writers, reporters and newsmen, as well as the pagesof newspapers, books and magazines! pages of newspapers, books and magazines! - This is the storyof Christina Onassis daughter This is the story of Christina Onassis - daughter of the famous Greek tycoon,Aristotle Onassis, of the famous Greek tycoon, Aristotle Onassis, who owned fleets of ships and aeroplanes, who owned fleets of ships and aeroplanes, lakes and islands, real estates, lakes and islands, real estates, huge bank depos- hugebank depos- its, etc. Following the death of her father, its, etc. Following the death her farher, Christina was the only one lefr behind as the Christina was the only one left behind as the legal heiressto the vast resources her father legal heiress to the vast resources of her father besidesher late father's secondwife Jacqueline besides her late father's second wife Jacqueline Kennedy. The enornous liquid inheritances Kennedy. The enormous liquid inheritances were to the tune were to the tune of billions of dollars besides the billions dollarsbesides the immovable properties,the fleet immovable properties, the fleet of ships and ships and aeroplanes,lakes and islands, real estates, aeroplanes, lakes and islands, real estates, large large bank deposites, etc What an inheritance that bank deposites, What an inheritancethat etc was! Certainly, to the judgment,reasoning, was! Certainly, to the judgment, reasoning, feelings and standards most people, someon~ feelings and standards of most people, someore inheriting such a huge fortune should be the inheriting such huge fortune should be the happiest personon earth - but was this true for happiest person on earth - but was this true Christina? Christina? The answerto this question only be The answer to this question can only be can arrivedat after going throughthe following pages arrived at after going through the following pages which briefly explainthe known course.of which briefly explain the known course.of her her life. life. Christinagot marriedto an American duringher Christina got married an American during her father's lifetime; but only a lew months father's lifetime; only few months thereafter marriagebrokeup andendedup in thereafter the marriage broke the and ended divorce. After the death of her father,she got divorce. the death of her father, she got
  • 30. 28 28 married to a Greek for the secondtime but married a Greek the second their marriage lasted only a few months,if not their marriage lasted months, if weeks, beforeit was all over! weeks, before was over! Christina stayed out of marriagefor quite some Christinh stayed out marriage quite some time apparently'looking for a happy life outside time apparently'looking happy outside the marriagebond. However, that happiness did the marriage bond. However,that happiness not materialize and, after a few yearshad elapsed, not materializeand, after a years had elapsed, she felt like trying to find a life of happiness she a happiness under under the marriage bond once again. This time her the marriage bond once again. time choice for a husband was from a completely choice a husband was a completely different camp from communist Russia! To many differentcamp from communistRussia! many who knew her free style western life, this step, who knew her free style westem this step, indeed, became an interesting, if not perturbingor indeed,becamean interesting,if perturbing excruciating experience. And when once asked excruciating experience. when once asked by a pressman this move, shehad a ready by a pressman of this move, she had a ready answerwhich was simple, short, frank: answer which was simple, short, but frank: "I am am for happiness." searching for happiness." searching Of course, her two previous marriages were course, her two previousmarriageswere with men from the West; and since they both with men from the West; and since they both failed, she thought that she could "discover" failed, she thought that she could "discover" some happiness the East.But here too shewas some happiness in the East. But here too she was only trying out her luck with no guarantees. only trying out her luck no guarantees. When pressmen interviewedher a secondtime When pressmen interviewed her for a second time her unchanged reply was: am searching her unchanged reply was: "I am searching for for · happiness..! h appmess... , But was she reaily happy about her marriage But was she really happy about her marriage in Russia? Never! She hardly remained with the Russia? Never! She hardlv remained the
  • 31. 29 29 Russian for more than a year before sh~ Russian for more than a year before she eventually divorcedhim! eventually divorced him! Apparently, that was not the end of the marriage Apparently, that was not the end of the marriage "dilemma".Back in Europeshedecidedto give it "dilemma". Back in Europe she decided to give it one more final try this time with a French one more final try this time with a French industrialist, the fourth husbandfrom a fourth industrialist, the fourth husband from a fourth different country in hardly a period of two years! different country in hardly a period of two years! What a miserableand unsecured What a miserable and unsecured life it has been. It hasbeen. was during one those occasions at a party was during one of those occasions at a party relating to this last marriage that a pressman relating to this last marriage that a pressman askedher whether she was the richestwoman asked her whether she was the richest woman and her frank reply went as follows: "yes! am and her frank reply went as follows: "Yes! I am the richestwomanbut the unhappiest...." the richest woman but the unhappiest.. .." The marriage the French industrialistwent The marriage with the French industrialist went ahead plannedbut it took only a few months to ahead asas planned but took only a few monthsto existbefore was gone! exist beforeit was all gone! Havingfailed to achieve Having failed achieve happiness happiness undermarriage under marriage life, Christina vowed not to marry again and life, Christina vowed not marry again and endeavoured to achieve happiness"on her endeavoured achieve happiness "on her own". However, happinesswas impossiblefor own". However, happiness was impossible her even on her own and shespent the rest of even and she spent the rest her life in a desperate desperate manner full of frustrations manner full of frustrations and dissappointments and dissappointments and of frenzy travels and of frenzy travels betweenthe world'smajor citiesuntil, finally, she between the world's cities until, finally, she was found lying deadinsidea hotel in Argentina. was found dead inside hotel Argentina. Who killed her?She committedsuicide!Whar an Who killed her? She committed suicide! What an unhappy ending1bra very, very wealthylady! unhappy ending for a very, very wealthy lady!
  • 32. 30 30 Was her wealth ableto buy her happiness? Was wealth able happiness? NEVER, INDEED!!!!! NE VE R ,I N D E E D !!!!! (2) HAPPINESSIN RANK ANpgOSITION (2) HAPPINESS RANK ANDPOSITION Could real happiness be attained through the Could real happiness attained through the acquirementof high rank or position in society? acquirement rank position society? To many the answer is in the affirmative. many the answer the affinnative. This is apparentlydue to lack of deep insight in This apparently due lack deep insight the natureof rank or position and the responsibili- the nature rank position and the responsibili- ties which they involve. In Islam, holding any ties which they involve. Islam, holding any and foremost position, rank or office is first and foremost position, rank a trust and, therefore, constitutes an regarded as a trust and, therefore, constitutes an regardedas as moral responsi- obligation, and a legal as well as moral responsi- obligation,and a legal as Therefore,those to be entrusted such bility. Therefore, those to be entrusted with such who are possessed roles could only be citizens who are possessed of rolescould only be citizens unquestionable competence, integrityand virtue. unquestionable competence, integrity and virtue. Only a righteous and competent personcan shoul- Only a righteous and competent person can shoul- der responsibility usehis positionor office for der responsibility and use his position or office for and public welfare. public welfare. Such a personwould be able to dispense justice Such a person would be able to dispense justice based on moral value and promote sound based on moral value and promote sound administration.He would promote and enhance administration. He would promote and enhance his people by handling their the well-being of his people by handling their the well-being a manner that is accordance affairs in a manner that is in accordance with affairs In return, he would eam his public interest. In return, he would earn his public interest. people's obedience, support, loyalty and coop- people's obedience, support, loyalty and coop- eration. Thus, he would love doing his job eration. Thus, he would love doing his job
  • 33. 31l 3 because ultimately he would be blessed with because ultimately he would be blessed with joy, happiness,contentment satisfaction. joy, happiness,contentment and satisfaction. and However, any person who is entrusted However, any person who is entrusted with au-with au- thority over othersand doesnot conducthis affairs thority over others and does not conduct his affairs on the basisof justiceandmoral standards, on the basis of justice and moral standards, would would definitely be responsible maladministration. definitely be responsible for maladministration. for His positionwould only be a source miseryand His position would only be a source of misery and corruption with issues corruption with issues such as the following: suchas the following: *Loss of public confidence. *Loss of public confidence. *Rift betweenthe ruler and the ruled. *Rift between the ruler and the ruled. *Tension,fear and insecurity *Tension, fear and insecurity of life and and position on the part of the ruler. position on the part the ruler. *The ruler'sintemal restlessness *The ruler's internal restlessness and and agonies conscience. agonies of conscience. *Upsurge enemies *Upsurge of enemies and oppositions and oppositions from amongstthe ruled. from amongst the ruled. *Ruler goingto greatlengths protect *Ruler going to great lengths to protect his position - at timesat any cost, even his position - at times at any cost,even if that may mean the shedding of blood. if that may meanthe shedding blood. *Public revolt. *Public revolt. *Coupsd'etat. *Coups d'etat. *Assassinations. *Assassinations. Hardly does a year pass by around the world does year pass around the without closingwith the news of miserablefalls, without closing the news of miserable falls, overthrows and/orassassinations overthrows and/or assassinations of unwanted of unwanted
  • 34. 32 32 rulers, kings, emperors, premiers,presidents, etc. rulers,kings, emperors, premiers, presidents,etc. Recent casesinclude the following: Recent cases include the following: The Shahof Iran Shah of The Shah of Iran who once organizedan interna- Shah of once organized an interna- tional ceremonyto commemorate passingof tional ceremony commemorate the passing of the 2500 years since the birth of the "Persianstate"! 2500 years since the of "Persian state"! But when the end came it was heavy. He was when the end came was heavy. was "chased" out of his country by a massivepublic "chased"out country massive public revolt and spent the rest of his life "wandering" revolt and spent the rest of "wandering" from one country to anotheruntil he eventually from one country another he eventually died a miserable death in Egypt as a result of a died a miserable death Egypt as result chronic cancer. chroniccancer. Ferdinand Marcos Ferdinand Marcos The man who for 20 yearsliterally "owned" the The man who for 20 years literally "owned" the Philippines and ruled as were a "family Philippines and ruled it as if it were a "family enterprise", came to a terrible end. He was enterprise", came to a terrible end. He was "thrown"out of his countryby the massesand "thrown" out of his country by the masses and spent several yearsthereafter exile in various spent several years thereafter in exile in various "hide-orrts"under tight security "hide-outs" under tight security for fear of being for fear of being murdered. murdered. Jean Bedel Bokassa, the self-proclaimed Jean Bedel Bokassa, the self-proclaimed "Emperor"of the Republicof CentralAtiica. "Emperor" of the Republic of Central Africa. Here was a man who spent for his coronation Here was a man who spent for his coronation more than his country'stotal gross national more than his country's total gross national
  • 35. 333 3 product. He was later toppled by his countrymen product. He was later toppledby his countrymen and at presenthe is serving a life-imprisonment and at present he is serving a life-imprisonment sentence. sentence. NicolaeCeausescu Nicolae Ceausescu The man dwelt in a palacebuilt in "puregold" for Theman dwelt in a palace built in "pure gold" for a period more than 20 yearsas the "owner" a period of more than 20 years as the "owner" of Romania! To suppress a public revolt he used Romania! To suppressa public revolt he used tanks and artillery so that tanks and artillery so that by the end of the the end the revolution 64,000 people were reportedto have revolution 64,000 people were reported to have been killed in the cities. He was later caught while been the cities. He was later caughtwhile trying to escapeout his country and was trying to escape out of his country and was "slaughtered" beforethe eyes the public! "slaughtered" before the eyes of the public! Rajiv Gandhi Rajiv Gandhi He was assassinated public and closedthe chap- He was assassinated in public and closed the chap- ter of an unpopular ter an unpopular dynasty. dynasty. The list is inexhaustive. is a wonder.however. The is inexhaustive. It is wonder, however, how all evil men have much in common- but the how men have much common but the sureend of all evil is evil! sure end of is
  • 36. 34 5+ (3) EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENTS EDUCATIONAL (ACADEMIC AND HONORARY DEGREES) AND DEGREES) Then, where is happiness? it in obtainingthe Then, where happiness? Is obtaining the highest level of education and in earningdoctorate highestlevel of education and earning doctorate degrees? degrees? true that Islam encourages but also It is true that Islam not only encourages also requiresman to seek knowledge and live in the requires man seek knowledge and the light of learning.Islam is a way learning. Islam is way of life basedon based knowledge and on superstition.Prophets are knowledgeand not on superstition. Prophetsare the sources divine knowledge, and the first the sources of divine knowledge,and the first di- vine revelationto ProphetMuhammad(peace vine revelation to Prophet Muhammad (peace be be upon him) beginswith the word upon him) begins with the word "IQRA" meaning meaning "READ". that samerevelation, Allah,(Glorybe "READ". In that same revelation, Allah,(Glory be tells mankindthat He (Allah) taughtman to Him) tells mankind that He (Allah) taught man to the pen" and taught man "what he did not "with the pen" and taught man "what he did not know". know". Much emphasisis placed in Islam on the need Much emphasis is placed in Islam on the need for excellent learning, that in the Holy for excellent learning, that in the Holy Qur'an, Allah, Glory be to Him, teaches Qur'an, Allah, Glory be to Him, teaches mankind the following supplications: mankindthe following supplications: ".....and say O my Lord, advance in knowl- me ".....and say 0 my Lord, advance me in knowl- edge". ". Q u r ' a n22:114)) e d g e (Qur'an, 2 2:l l 4 ( , In anotherverse of the holy Qur'an,Allah tells In another verse of the holy Qur'an, Allah tells mankind: mankind: ".....thosetruly fear Allah amongHis servants ".....those truly fear Allah among His servants (Qur'an, who have knowledge." (Qur'an, 35:28) who haveknowledge." 35:28)
  • 37. 355 3 Yet, in another verse of the Holy Qur'an,Allah Yet, in another verse of the Holy Qur'an, Allah questions mankind: questions mankind: ".....are they equal,thosewho know and those ".....are they equal, those who know and those who do not know? (Qur'an,39:9) who do not know? (Qur'an, 39:9) ProphetMuhammad(peace upon him) alsoleft Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) also left be behind many authenticsayingsand teachingsin behind many authentic sayings and teachings in this regard emphasizing the importance and this regard emphasizing the importance and superiority knowledge.In one thesesayings, superiority of knowledge.In one of these sayings, the Prophet(peace upon him) saidthat seeking be the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that seeking knowledge everyMuslim'sduty. is knowledge is every Muslim's duty. Suchis the concept of Islam with regard Such is the concept Islam with regard to leaming that leaves wide openall fields to learning that it leaves wide open all fields thought before the human intellect to penetrate of thought before the human intellect to penetrate as far as could reach. frees,and lays down no as far as it could reach. It frees, and lays down no restrictions against,the free-thinkerwho seeks restrictions against, the free-thinker who seeks knowledgeto widen his vision and broadenhis knowledge to widen his vision and broaden his mind. However,such intellectual mind. However, suchintellectual development is development is not and could not be pursued an absolute objec- not and could not be pursued as an absolute as objec- tive in itself. It could not be independent tive itself. could not be independent but but would remain throughout on the plane of faith would remain throughout on the plane faith with the moral valuesbasedon the true religionof the moral values based on the true religion Allah, that is Islam. Allah, that is Islam. It is only by doing so that a person's is only doing so that person's intellect intellect gets complete "nourishment" his intellectual getsa compiete "nourishment" andhis intellectual and life becomes enriched so as to be constructive becomes enriched so as be constructive an<iuseful.It is only by suchintegration the and useful. It such integration of the
  • 38. 36 36 intellectual and the spiritual values that the intellectual and the spiritual values that the person'sinternal nature becomessound,healthy person's internal nature becomes sound, healthy andhappy.However,if knowledge and scientific and happy. However, if knowledge and scientific researchare taken as an end in themselves the research are taken as an end themselves at the costof faith, moral and spiritualvalues,theneven cost faith, moral and spiritual values, then even the most learned man would "unhappily"be the most learned man would "unhappily" be regressed "the lowest of the low" despiteany regressed to "the lowest of the despite any qualifications, degrees,credentialsand honours qualifications, degrees, credentials and. honours he may have possessed. While advancement in lie may have possessed.While advancement knowledge and science alone may work well knowledge and sciencealonemay when it comes to the treatment of matter, when comes the treatment matter, yet, could not be takenas conclusive. yet, it could not be taken as conclusive. Very frequently one comes across press Very frequently one comes across press reports such as the following:: reportssuchas the following collegePROFESSORwas jailed after he "A college PROFESSOR was jailed after he was accused kidnappinga woman and holding was accused of kidnapping a woman and holding her a closet two weeks for his pleas- her in a closet for two weeks for his pleas- chargecarriesa 10 to 99 year prison ure .....the charge carries a 10 to 99 year prison ure.....the sentence admitted the charge...." to he admitted to the charge " sentence......he StandardUniversity LECTURER fired for "A Standard University LECTURER fired for carrying drugs on campus, yet he said that he will carryingdrugson campus, he saidthat he yet fight his dismissal but would not changehis fight his dismissal but would not change his ways.He added;"that is my right as long as do ways. He added; "that is my right as long as I do not hurt anybody else...." not hurt anybodyelse...." "A male "A male top WashingtonLAWYER and top Washington LAWYER and his businessmanlover filed a potentialland-mark his businessman lover filed a potential land-mark lawsuit, lawsuit, trying trying to become to the first become the first
  • 39. 37 37 homosexuals get married legally in the United to homosexuals to get married legally in the United States...." States...." "StanfordMedical SchoolPresident brought has "Stanford Medical School President has brought disciplinary charges sexual har-rassment and disciplinary charges of sexual har-rassment and professional misconduct against male cardiology a professional misconduct against a male cardiology PROFESSOR. The charges are based on com- PROFESSOR. The charges are based on com- plaints two femalemedicalstudents there...." plaints of two female medical students there...." "Two DOCTORSwere fined and given prison "Two DOCTORS were fined and given prison sentences yesterday performinga sentences yesterday for performing a sex-change operation on a patient.....He(the sex-change operation on a patient.. ...He (the sex-change victim) filed a complaint sex-change victim) filed a complaint in 1984 1984 asserting that the operation had not been asserting that the operation had not been successfuland that he was constantpain. Four successful and that he was in constant pain. Four years laterhe committed suicide......" years later he committed suicide " DOCTOR cries out saying: A WOMAN DOCTOR cries out saying: "Take away certificate and give me a hus- "Take away my certificate and give me a hus- band""Let us read what that poor woman doctor band". Let us read what that poor woman doctor writes "Every morning at writes in her own words: "Every morningat her own words: 7:00 o'clock, shed tears behind the chauffeur 7:00 o'clock, I shed tears behind the chauffeur who drived me in my car to my medical clinic who drived me car to medical clinic 'prison "Every 'prison cell' or 'grave'."She goeson saying: "Every cell' or'grave'."She goes on saying: time I reached destination, I found women time reached my destination, found women and children waiting for me. They looked at me and children waiting me. They looked at me with admirationand regarded white coat as if admiration and regarded my white coat as if it werea luxuriouskind of clothesmade of Persian were luxurious clothes made Persian silk, yet it was to my view - the'moumer's silk, yet was to view - the 'mourner's
  • 40. 38 38 clothes'. And every time I reachedmy clinic, I clothes'. every time reached clinic, fixed the stethoscope, if it were a hangman's fixed the stethoscope, as if were hangman's as rope around rope tied aroundmy neck.neck. Now, I am in my thirties and I am very pessimistic am thirties and am very pessimistic aboutthe future." Then, shecries out! "Take away about the future." Then, she cries out! "Take away my certificate, my coats and my moneyand let me certificate, coatsand money and let me hearthe word MUM". Then she writes a few lines hear the MUM". Then shewrites lines her inner feelings: "People would call describing her innerfeelings: "People would call describing me a doctor, but what benefit do I get from hear- me doctor, what benefit do get hear- ing it? So, tell those people who considered me ing it? So, those people who considered me good example,that now am to be pitied. as a good example, that now I am to be pitied. as a All I want and hope for is to have my own child to All want and hope is have own child hug and caress. But, can buy hug and caress. But, can I buy it with all my ail Money?" Money?" Just look at what happens the woman doctor. Just look at what happens to the woman doctor. to her everydayagony and How she describes her everyday agony and How she describes her medicalas a prison cell how she thinks of her medical as a prison cell how she thinks and a grave. ln short,doesshe enjoy her profes- and a grave. In short, does she enjoy her profes- sion? Does she get any level of satisfaction and sion? Does she get any level satisfaction and contentment life? The answer is left to the contentment in life? The answer is left to the reader. .. reader... (4) HAPPINESS (4) HAPPINESS IN FAME There are two activitieswith which fame is There are two activities with which fame is usually associated: usuallyassociated: * Sporting * Sporting * Actine * Acting
  • 41. 39 39 How much happiness the "famous" men and do How much happiness do the "famous" men and women activities enjoy? Let us take a brief women in activities enjoy? Let us take a brief look at each thesetwo activities turn. look at each of these two activities in tum. Sporting Sporting is gratifying to note that mosr It is gratifying to note that most of the the Islamic forms of worship, e.g. prayers, fasting Islamic forms worship, e.g. prayers,fasting andpilgrimage, displaysomesportingcharacteris- and pilgrimage, display some sporting characteris- tics, althoughthey are basicallyby nature meant tics, although they are basically by nature meant spiritual purposes.But who would deny the for spiritual purposes. But who would deny the constantinteraction between the physique and constant interaction between the physique and morale man? Yet, that is not all that Islam has morale of man? Yet, that is not all that Islam has to say on the subject sports and physical to say on the subject of sports and physical exercises. sportingactivity that promotes exercises. Any sporting activity that promotes sound thinking refreshes mind and revital- sound thinking or refreshes the mind and revital- the izes the body to keep man healthyshapeis izes the body to keep man in healthy shape is encouraged Islam.The generalIslamicprecept encouraged by Islam. The general Islamic precept this matter is the statement in this matter is the statement in which the which the Prophet Prophet (peace upon him) says: (peace be upon him) says: be "The strongbeliever is better than the weak "The strong believeris betterthan the weak one." (Reported Imam Ahmad, Muslim and one." (Reported by Imam Ahmad,Muslim and Ibn Majah on the authorityof Abu Huraira) Majah the authority Huraira) Physicai Physical exercises sporting exercises and sporting activities valu- and activities arevalu- are able things in themseh,es, able things themselves, but they should but they should
  • 42. 40 40 only be takenfor what they are worth,i.e.,to pre- only be taken what they are worth,i.e., pre- pare our minds and bodies for the more serious pare minds and bodies the more serious matters They should be taken as an mattersof life. They should not be taken as an end in themselvesor be allowed to deflect away end themselves be allowed deflect away our minds or blur our visions to appreciate the our minds visions to appreciatethe more serious requirements of our inner lives.. more seriousrequirements our inner lives Sportinghas almostbecomea sort a "religion" Sporting has almost become a sort of a "religion" for sportsmen, "it runs in their blood"l for sportsmen, runs their blood"! Therefore, if spofrs are carried to such an ex- Therefore, if sports are carried to such an ex- to realize the treme, one could not fail to realize the kind of treme. one could "suffering" to such men and women lead "suffering" to which such men and women lead their lives. Thus: their lives.Thus: *The internal feelings and pressures to *The internal feelings and pressures to win over, say, a particular game - and at times at any over, say,a particulargame and at times at any cost,eventhatmay meantakingprohibited drugs. cost, even that may mean taking prohibited drugs. * The "big blow" upon losing a game; the * The "big blow" upon losing a game;the the agony, the despair, the embarrassment, the agony, the despair, the embarrassment, and the ridiculefrom the "fans". shame and the ridicule from the "fans". shame * The loss quitting from the team * The loss of job, quitting from the team losinga gameor, worse,beingfired! after losing a game or, worse, being fired! after Therefore, we need to ask the Therefore, we need to ask the question question whetheror not a life exposed to such physical whether or not a life exposed to such physical danger,ordeal and shortcomingsis a happy danger, ordeal and shortcomings is a happy one? TIle answer is left to you,the reader.. .. ! one?The answeris left to vou.thereader....!
  • 43. 41 41 The sportsmedia is storiessuchas the The sports media is full of stories such as the fol- lowing: lowing: "Sports activities proved dangerous with "Sports activities proved dangerous basketball injuries aloneaccounting more than basketball injuries alone accounting for more than 640,000hospital visits lastyear,new U.S. safe- 640,000 hospital visits last year, new U.S. safe- figuresshow...." ty figures show...." "Three football playing veterans died "Three football playing veterans died of heart heart attacks during an intemational goldenoldies...." attacks during an international golden oldies...." "Liverpool'sMcmahonbroke his leg a tackle "Liverpool's Mcmahon broke his leg in a tackle duringthe F.A. cup clashyesterday..." during the F.A. cup clash yesterday..." "Cubanrunningstar,Ana Quirot,sayssheplans "Cuban running star, Ana Quirot, says she plans sports after the 1992 Barcelona to quit from sports after the 1992 Barcelona Olympics because she wants to become a Olympics because she wants to become a mother.....I've beenrunningfor 15 yearsand.....I mother. ....I've been running for 15 years and.... .1 wantto be a mothernow......" want to be a mother now " "Canadian sprinter, Ben Johnson, was stripped "Canadian sprinter,Ben Johnson, was stripped the Olympic 1OO-meter and world record of the Olympic 100-meter title and world record title in Seoulaftertestingpositive Steroiddrugs...." in Seoul after testing positive for Steroid drugs .... " "U.S. shot-putter, Jim Doehring, rankedthird "U.S. shot-putter, Jim Doehring, ranked third in the world, hasbeensuspended two years for in the world, has been suspended for two years from the field afterfailing a drug test......" from the field after failing a drug test.. .... " There are other storiessimilar to thesewhich we There are other stories similar to these which we could reproduce could reproduce here in support of our argument, here support our argument, but the sake time and spacelet us have a but for the sake of time and space let us have a look at just one more case without which I could look at just onemorecase withoutwhich could not have done justice to a subject discussing not have done justice to a subject discussing
  • 44. 42 42 men,sports,fame and happiness. This was the men, sports, fame and happiness. This was the story Diego Maradona! For a time his name story of Diego Maradona! For a time his name was everywhere; all media and literally on all was everywhere; in all media and literally on all com- mercialproducts com- mercial products and advertisements. and advertisements. Football eamed "wealth" and "pride".His Football earned him "wealth" and "pride".His luxury carswere estimated the tune $1 to luxury cars were estimated to the tune of $1 mil- lion, includinga Ferrari F-40 worth $323,000 lion, including a Ferrari F-40 wor.th $323,000 besidesthe Rolls Roycesand the BMW's. besides the Rolls Royces and the BMW's. He was all that and evenmore! He was in all that and even more! But hardly did hardly did he complete years in that "fame","wealth" he complete 4 years in that "fame" ,"wealth" and "prominence" when the world had to reada and "prominence" when the world had to read a much more differentkind story abouthim! He much more different kind of story about him! He used cocaine an Italian leaguematch! What used cocaine for an Italian league match! What were the consequences? was wanted Italian were the consequences? He was wanted in Italian He courtsfor a relatedcase "cocaine possession": courts for a related case of "cocaine possession": and a few weeks after returning to his native and a few weeks after returning to his native homeland Argentina, he was arrested homeland of Argentina, he was arrested for another round cocaine possession for another round of cocaine possession and forand supplying the drug free to others and his supplying the drug free to others and his including the luxury cars, were put to treasure, including the luxury cars, were put to treasure, auction! What else?Blame,ridicule,shame, auction! What else? Blame, ridicule, shame, dis- dis- appointrnent and resentment from people appointment and resentment from people of all all walks, largely, frorn his "loyal fans" and walks, but largely, from his "loyal fans" and particulariy so, those in Italy whoseangerand particularly so, those in Italy whose anger and dismay was loud enough. one newspaper dismay was loud enough. In one newspaper report which accordingto a public opinionpoll, report which according to a public opinion poll,
  • 45. 43 43 Maradonawas votedItaly'smosthatedman and Maradona was voted Italy's most hated man and report,a bannerheadlinewent similarly in another report, a banner headline went similarly anotl-ler as follows: "ItalianshateMaradona" claimingthat as follows: "Italians hate Maradona" claiming that he setsa bad example the young people. he sets a bad example for the young people. Did Diego Maradona achieveany real happiness Diego Maradona achieve any real happiness from from his foofall "profession"? The answer to this ques- his foofa11 "profession"? The answer to this ques- tion could, course.bestbe given none other tion could, of course, best be given by none other than himself and he did so. During his "career" than himself and he did so. During his "career" days he frequentlyused to say "Socceris days he frequently used to say "Soccer is in my blood and want kids there (Argentina) to get blood and I want kids there (Argentina) to get Soccerrunning their blood". However,months Soccer running in their blood". However, months after his debacle he had some different confes- after his debacle he had some different confes- sions to the worid which went asfollows: sions to the world which went as follows: not play soccerprofessionally "I will not play soccer professionally again. It again. is an irrevocabie Argentine national is an irrevocable decision...the Argentine national decision...the teamis alsoa ciosed chapter me. want to team is also a closed chapter for me. I want to quit because am sick the pressure the dis- and quit because I am sick of the pressure and the dis- cipline....I not blaming soccerbut everything cipline... .! am not blaming soccer but everything am soccerand am scared having that sorrounds soccer and I am scared of having that sorrounds to face a situation that kind....Iam not hiding to face a situation of that kind ... .! am not hiding problems is my problems with drugs ....there is something drugs."..there something deeper here than simply having taken co- deeper here than simply having taken co- caine....I find 'don't caine... .! find I don't ENJOY myself anymore...." ENJOYrnyself anymore...." He made mention of jov, but do these confessions He mademention joy, but do these confessions portray him as having experienced joy? If so, portray him as having experienced joy? If so, then,that is the subject our discussionin this then, that is the subject of our discussion in this treatise thatis rvhatwe Arecalling "illusory", treatise and that is what we are calling "illusory", and
  • 46. 44 44 "artificial" or "fake" joy as opposed to any as opposed any "abiding","real" and "lasting" happiness which "abiding", "real" and "lasting" happinesswhich could not could be eamed "devotion"to soccer be earned by "devotion" to soccer or otherwise. Rather,it is by the understanding otherwise. Rather, is the understanding of the purpose of life as prescribedby Allah for the purpose as prescribed us to make the ideal basis pursuit our us to make it the ideal basis in pursuit of our world which is inculcation objectives in this world which is the inculcation objectives this internal nourishment that and development of internal nourishment that and development would embody and infuse togetherthe spiritual, would embody and infuse together the spiritual, moral and other virtues.required man. moral and other virtues, required of man. Allah (Glory be to (Glory be to Him) said: said: "Leave alone thosewho take their way "Leave alone those who take their way of life to to be mere play and amusement be mere play and amusement and are deceived by and are deceived this world. proclaim (to them) the life of this world. But proclaim (to them) the this (truth): that every souldeliversitself to ruin this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin find for itself no protector by its own acts: it will find for itself no protector its own acts: or intercessor exceptAllah." (Qur'an, or intercessor except Allah." (Qur'an,6:70) 6:70) Acting Acting Here we specifically refer to those persons Here we specifically refer to those persons directly engaged the field entefiainment directly engaged in the field of entertainment namely, and stage actors, singers,danc- namely, film and stage actors, singers, danc- entertainment source a ers, etc. Is the world of entertainment a source of ers,etc. Is the true happiness? truehappiness? Far from the conunon man, is surprisinghow Far from the common man, it is surprising how many people equatehappiness fun. The many people still equate happiness with fun. The the matter. however.is that fun and truth of the matter, however, is that fun and truth
  • 47. 45 45 happinesshave little happiness have little nothing common. or nothing in common. The correctand logical conclusion would be that The correct and logical conclusion would be that fun is what we experienceduring an act, while fun is what we experience during an act, while happiness what we experience after an act. is happiness is what we experience after an act. It is a deeper, more enduring, more meaningful and is a deeper,more enduring, more meaningful and more abiding emotion. Going to an amusement more abiding emotion. Going to an amusement park to a game,watchinga movie televi- park or to a ball game, watching a movie or televi- sion arefun activities that "may" help someone sion are fun activities that "may" help someone to to relax. One may temporarily forget relax. One may temporarily forget his prob- his prob- lems and evenmay laugh. lems and even may laugh. But these are things theseare things which do not and could not definitely bring any which do not and could not definitely bring any real happinessto the person because their posi- real happiness to the person because their posi- tive effects usually last only as long as the fun tive effects usually last only as long as the fun lasts. lasts. much deeper analysis into the matter is A much deeper analysis into the matter is achievedwhen we envisageand look into fun and achieved when we envisage and look into fun and around us. could not help the entertainment around us. I could not help the entertainment thought that if thesemovie, musicand thea- thought that if these movie, TV, music and thea- tre "stars"had anything to demonstrate, is that tre "stars" had anything to demonstrate, it is that happiness nothing to do with fun. is a fact happiness has nothing to do with fun. It is a fact has that these individuals have constantaccessto that these individuals have constant access to abundantwealth, glamorousparties,fancy cars, abundant wealth, glamorous parties, fancy cars, homesand everything that "seems expensive homes and everything that "seems to expensive to However,memoir after memoir spell happiness". However, memoir after memoir spell happiness". with so much information is exposed aboutthese with so much information is exposed about these "celebrities" unveiling the sorrow hidden beneath "celebrities" unveilingthe sorrowhiddenbeneath
  • 48. 46 46 all their fun e.g., depression, all their fun e.g., depression, alcoholism, drug alcoholism, drug addiction, children out of wedlock, broken addiction, children out wedlock, broken marriages, troubled children, relations, marriages, troubled children, illicit relations, loneliness, mental anguish,ignominy, etc. Could loneliness, mental anguish, ignominy, etc. Could therebe a way deny thesefacts?Hardly does there be a way to deny all these facts? Hardly does a day pass without comingacross somestories a day pass by without coming across some stories the media suchas the following: in the media such as the following: "ElizabethTaylor, who was once considered "Elizabeth Taylor, who was once considered toto the legends makers and be one of the legends of film makers and film be one viewers,again at the age 59 got married viewers, again at the age of 59 got married for Fortensky,39 yearsold, the seventh time to Larry Fortensky, 39 years old, the seventhtime worker. Shesaid afterthe marriage a construction worker. She said after the marriage a construction 'I life'. ceremony hope this is ceremony 'I hope this is for life'. Like mostmost celebrities,she is apparently still looking celebrities, she is apparently still looking for happiness which her fame failed to provide happiness which her fame failed to provide for her during the peak her career. But now she her during the peak of her career. But now she wantsto evadeher "fame" which deprivedher wants to evade her "fame" which deprived her of 'I've true happiness. doneeverything true happiness. She added: 'I've done everything I She added: canto giveme up'.... can to give me up'.... "A pathologist who helped perform the autopsy pathologist who helped perfomr the autopsy rock 'n' roli died on Elvis Presly says the king of rock 'n' roll died on Elvis Preslysaysthe king of DRUGS andd nott heart diseasese ....' it a o f DR U G S a n n o h e a rtd i se a ....'it was a r vas deadly drugsthatkilled him...." deadly mix of drugs that killed him...." "Twice-divorced Dvan Cannonsavs:'I'll keeoon "Twice-divorced Dyan Cannon says: 'I'll keep on
  • 49. 47 47 trying marriageuntil get it right'. trying marriage until II get it right'. The 54-year-oldactresssaid in the March 10 issue The 54-year-old actress said in the March 10 issue of Parade magazine that her first divorce of Parade magazine that her first divorce from the late,Cary Grant,wasnot amicable...,' from the late, Cary Grant, was not amicable... " _!oyt legend,James Brown, was granted "Soul legend, James Brown, was granted parole, parole, Wednesday, after being imprisonedfor more Wednesday, after being imprisoned for more thantwo yearsfor assault than two years for assault and drug use...." anddrug use...." "Screen siren, Basinger, "Screen siren, Kim Basinger, says she can be wild saysshecanbe wild without drugs and alcohol. The 37 years old without drugs and alcohol.The 37 yearsold actressadmits the February issue Cosmo- actress admits in the February issue of Cosmo- politan magazine york that she'sdone a politan magazine in New Yark that she's done a lot of wild things, including drugs and plenty of things, including drugs and plenty 'When partying.'When I came to Los Angeles, I said I partying. carneto Los Angeles, said want to take every thing; I want to try it want take every thing; want all'...(Basinger) all'...(Basinger) said she would like to marry said she would marry again..She was married for eight yearsto make- again.. She was married eight years make- up artistRon Briton. They weredivorcedin 1989." artist Ron Briton. They were divorced 1989." "TV comedian, "TV comedian, JamieLee Curtis,saysshedoesn't Jamie Lee Curtis, says she doesn't like the kind of personal demandplaced on the of personal demand placed some women actresses in the actingcareer. some women actresses the acting career. Many of them have no children.II wouldn't Many of them have no children. wouldn't want thosekinds of demands want those kinds of demands piacedon my life...." placed on my life...." "Cheyenne "Cheyenne Brando, the 20-year old daughterof Brando, the 20-year old daughter of
  • 50. 48 48 actor Marlon brando arrived in Paris on Tuesday actor Marlon brando arrived in Paris on Tuesday for mental treatment following two suicide atte- for mental treatment following two suicide atte- mpts last year after the highly publicizedkilling of mpts last year after the highly publicized killing of her father...." father.. .." "Actor-singer, Kert, died Wednesday night "Actor-singer, Larry Kert, died Wednesday night of AIDS...." AIDS...." "Pop singer, Billy Preston, was arrested at his "Pop singer,Billy Preston, was arrested at his Malibu home Sunday after a 16-year old boy home Sunday after 16-year complained that he had been sexuallyassaulted complained that he had been sexually assaulted by the singer...." the singer...." The is inexhaustibleand that is the ram- The list is inexhaustible and that is the life ram- and fun industry. pant in the entertainment and fun industry. Do pant the entertainment these cases, portray the lives men these cases, therefore, portray the lives of men therefore, and womenenjoying any sort real happiness? and women enjoying any sort of real happiness? NEVER! INDEED. NEVER! INDEED. Yet, peoplecontinueto believethat the next, more Yet, people continue to believe that the next, more glamorous party, more expensive car' more glamorous party, more expensive car, more luxurious vacation, fancier home would do luxurious vacation, fancier home would do what all the other parties, cars, vacations and what all the other parties, cars, vacations and homeshave not been able to do.Theway people homes have not been able to do.The way people are inclined to believe that a fun-filled, pain-free are inclined to believe that a fun-filled, pain-free life is equalto happiness actuallydi- and care-free life is equal to happiness actually di- and care-free minishes their chancesof ever attaining true minishes their chances of ever attaining true happiness. happiness.
  • 51. 49 49 While discussing fun and entertainment, While discussing fun and entertainment, a a subjectmatterwhich, we feel, must not go unmen- subject matter which, we feel, must not go unmen- tioned is the productwhich thesemen and women tioned is the product which these men and women of stage and screenhave for their "fans" and of stage and screen have for their "fans" and "viewers" the substance, quality, the values "viewers" the substance, the quality, the values the and the effectson popularcultureand standards. and the effects on popular culture and standards. And in this regard,we have reproduced, And in this regard, we have reproduced, herebe- herebe- low, some excerptsfrom two thought-provoking low, some excerpts from two thought-provoking articlesfrom some internationalU.S. publicationi articles from some international U.S. Publications discusssing different aspects the problem. discusssing different aspects of the problem. The writers the reportswere, course,discuss- The writers of the reports were, of course, discuss- ing the extent and seriousness the matter with ing the extent and seriousness of the matter with reference and the context the U.S.. but the reference to and in the context of the U.S., but the problem is global and over. problem is global and all over. ONE - MichdelMedved ARTICLE ONE - BY: Michael Medved The valueof self-discipline essential normal The value self-discipline so essential to normal so to family life is portrayedonly rarely in the popular family is portrayed rarely the popular culture.Nearly two-thirdsof all American adults culture. Nearly two-thirds American adults aremarried,but moviestoday focus overwhelm- are married, movies today focus overwhelm- ingly on singlepeople.And ihosefew films rhar single people. those that do show a family most often depic a marriage show most often depic marriage that is radicallydysfunctional that radically dysfunctional (completelyabnor- (completely abnor- mal) with a husbandaccusedof attemptingto with husband accused of attempting murder his wife (as in Reversal Fortune) or murder (as Reversal of Fortune) a wife sleepingwith her husband's a wife sleeping with her husband's female friend female friend (as in Henry & June)or the married pair killing (as in Henry & June) or the married pair killing
  • 52. 50 50 eachother (as in The War of the Roses).When II each other (as in The War of the Roses). When complainedabout the destructiveproduct of the complained about destructive product of the entertainment industry, colleagues urged me to entertainment industry, colleagues urged stop worrying; it's a simple matter to tune out. stop worrying; it's simple matter tune out. An incidentlast springremindedme it was not so incident last spring reminded me was so easyto do that. My family and I went easy that. My and I went on an out- an ing to a public park on a mountainlake near Santa mountain lake near Santa Barbara, California. daughters, agesone and Barbara,California. Our daughters, ages one and three, went toddling off toward the ducks. The three, went toddling toward the ducks. The one-year old was saying, "Duckie! Duckie!" one one-year was saying,"Duckie! Duckie!" one old words and reaching the birds of her first words - and reaching out to the birds and looked with her chubby arms. My wife and I looked on chubby arrns. with satisfaction. with satisfaction. soon a group teen-agers But soon a group of teen-agers carrying a carryinga "boom box" arrived at the lake shore. "boom box" arrived at the lake shore. Coming out their shiny chromemachinewas a Coming out of their shiny chrome machine was a four-letterwords describing rape song full of four-letter words describing rape song and feces and oral volume. Our girls had rape and feces and oral volume. Our girls had rape neverheardthoseparticularwords before. never heard those particular words before. They were frightened by the noiseand startedto They were frightened by the noise and started to cry. I suppose couldhave stayed and made a cry. I suppose we could have stayed and made a we scene, but I don't carry assaultweaponsin my scene, but I don't carry assault weapons in my trunk. Insteadwe abandonedthe beautifui scene trunk. Instead we abandoned the beautiful scene to those brutish kids. to thosebrutishkids. The point is that you can't just tune out the The point is that you can't just tune out the popular cuiture today.Themessages: images,the popular culture today.The messages, the images, are everywhere. it a coincidencethat the are everywhere. Is it a coincidence that the Is
  • 53. 511 5 war on standards in war on standardsin art, music, television and art, music,televisionand corresponds with increasinglydestructive film corresponds with increasingly destructive film behaviouron the part of the young peoplewho are behaviour on the part of the young people who are the most devotedconsumeisof"thesemedia? Is the most devoted consumers of these media? Is thereno connectionbetweenthe media'sobsession there no connection between the media's obsession with crime and violence and the fact that the with crime and violence and the fact that the number of kids under 19 who are arrested number of kids under 19 who are arrested has has increased 120 percent sincel963? Is there by increased by 120 percent since 1963? Is there no conneetion betweenthe sex-crazed no connection between the sex-crazed popular popular culture and the fact that out-of-wedlocli births culture and the fact that out-of-wedlock births haveincreased percent 350 have increased 350 percent since 1960? since1960? Ironically,media. moguls downplay the sig_ Ironically,media moguls downplay the sig- nificance of their work, insisting that sex and nificance their work, insisting'thatsex aid violence on screen do not encourage and violence on screen do not encourage sex and sex violence in real life. But the sameinJustrythen violence real life. the same industry then turns aroundand askesadvertisers pay tens of turns around and askes advertisers to pay tens to thousands dotlarsfor 30 seconds air-time in thousands of dollars seconds ofaii-time of the hopethat this fleetingexposure the hope that this fleeting exposure would directly would directly alterthe public'sbuyingbehaviour. alter the public's buying behaviour. The war on standardsin the popular culture The war on standards in the popular culture would be the issue on the 1990s.Expanded would be the issue on the 1990s. Expanded censorships not the way to win it.However,atte- censorships is not the way to win it.However, atte- is mpts to move in that directionwould only prove mpts to move in that direction would only prove t-obe counter-productive. to be counter-productive. Boycottsof sponsors, Boycotts of sponsors, direct protests,letter-writting campaigns and direct protests, letter-writting campaigns and
  • 54. 52 52 private-sectorpressures are far other forms of privat e-sect or pressures are far other forms more effective than new government regulations. more effective than new government regulations' While we are working to prevent the further are working prevent the further pollution of our culture,we should do more than pollution culture,we should do more than protes t the bad. We should also remember to prot"rt the bad. should also remember promote the good which is indubitably beneficial iro-ot. the good indubitably beneficial to us. to us. ARTICLE TWO: - By: Bob Grene . ARTICLE TWO: BY: Bob Grene ffiiti6sns of families sat down in their living Millio sat down their rooms one eveni ng last Augu st to watch a live rooms one evening last August to watch a Madona conce rt from France, telecasted on the Madona concert frbm France, telecastedon the Office (HBO)' cable network Home Box Office (HBO). cablenetwork Home Since Madona is such a huge international star, Since Madona is such a huge intemationalstar' and since the telecast was heavily promoted and and since the telecast was heavilypromotedand aired in prime time on a weekend, millions of aired prime time on a weekend, millions children certainly watched with their parents. - - children certainlywatched their parents' those screens was that Ma- What happened on all those What happened on screens was that Ma- dona repeatedly used the one obscene word that dona repeitedly used the one obsceneword that has been routinely barred from the public airways. hasbeen routinely barredfrom the public airways' Later in the show she writhed on a bed and simu- Later the show she writhed on a bed and simu- lated masturbation. She also laughingly used com- latedmasturbation. also laughingly She usedcom- mon street terms for male mon streetterTns male genitals. genitals. We live in an anything-goes-age, so that shows We live in an anything-goes-age' that shows so witless, and purposely vulgar witless, and purposely vulga r content was not content wasnot
  • 55. 53 53 surprising. The language surprising. The language itself was nothing that itself was nothing that hasnot beenheardin moviesor on cable-TVcom- has not been heard in movies or on cable-TV com- edy specials.The sulprisingthing was that so few edy specials.The surprising thing was that so few parents calledHBO to object.A spokesperson parents called HBO to object. A spokesperson for for the network said the complaints"were not by any the network said the complaints "were not by any stretch of the imagination overwhelming" and stretch of the imagination overwhelming" and that the Madona concert was the highest-rated that the Madona concert was the highest-rated original entertainmentprogram in the network's original entertainment program in the network's history. Apparently, America's parents have history. Apparently, America's parents have totally given up hope that they could control totally given up hope that they could control what their children are exposedto on what their children are exposed to on TV. What is most disturbing is rhat products What is most disturbing is that products appeared America'shomes duringprime time appeared in America's homes during prime time on a Sunday, and people seemed think was on a Sunday, and people seemed to think it was to no no big deal. The television, in a way that now deal. The television, a way that now seems quaint, was once considered almost seems quaint, was once considered almost sacredground when it came to certainmaterial- sacred ground when came certain material preciselybecause childrenwerewatching.But the precisely because children were watching. the country has been so beaten down by a country has been so beaten down lesseningof public standards lessening of public standards that obscenities that obscenities couldbe telecasted millions of families without could be telecasted to millions of families without causingeven a ripple of protest. What of the causing even ripple of protest. What of the argumentthat parentsshouldjust tum off the TV argument that parents should just off the TV if they don'tlike rheprogramming? if they don't like the programming? It's valid but there was no waming before It's valid but there was no warning before Madona launched into her first rapid fire round Madona launched into her first rapid fire round of of obscenities. obscenities. Although the telecast was Although the telecast was
  • 56. 54 54 promoted as being live, it actually was taped promoted as being live, it actually was taped hours before. The network knew what it was hours before. The network knew what it was sendingout. Yet it did so without deletionsor an sending out. Yet it did so without deletions or an advisoiy notice at the beginningof the show. This advisory notice at the beginning of the show. This was "a creativedecision," HBO says. was creative decision,"HBO says. HBO, as a cable network, is not boundby the as cable network, not bound the same restrictions placedon the over the air net- same restrictions placed the over the net- works. But this nicety is undoubtedlylost on works. this nicety undoubtedly children who have grown up with cableTV in children have grown cable their homes. them, just another stop their homes. To them,HBO is just another stop on the dial. on the dial. Those children would hear worse in their life- Those children would hear worse their times they probably alreadyhave. To telecasta times they probably already have. To telecast a concert like Madona's is no longer considered concert like Madona's is no longer considered particularly controversial.But wonder publicly to particularly controversial.But to wonder publicly it to say that delivering about the wisdom of it to say that delivering about the wisdom of such a performanceto the nation's children is such a performance to the nation's children is controversial. say it To wrong that is considered controversial. To say it wrong that is considered stepwith the rest of the is wrong is to seem out of step with the rest of the is wrong is to seemout of world. But it is wrong.It is deadwrong. world. But it is wrong. It is dead wrong. The cry is loud -- but are there listeners? The cry is loud but are therelisteners? * ** r* * * * < So. the men and womenof fun and entertainment So, the men and women of fun and entertainment
  • 57. 55 55 industry do not enjoy real happiness, industry do not enjoy real happiness, nor do they nor do they presentvaluable things to the society, but most present valuable things to the society, but most of what they produceare destructive of what they produce are destructive materials. materials. As mentioned several times during the discus- As mentioned several times during the discus- ti9l, happinessis an inner motive and a goal sion, happiness is an inner motive and a goal which could not be acquiredaloneby the mere which could not be acquired alone by the mere fulfilment of extemalor materialneeds. fulfilment of external or material needs. Enrichment and nourishment of our inner being Enrichment and nourishment of our inner being make an essentialrequirementto a morally sound make an essential requirement to a morally sound developmenf ourselves. development of ourselves. The foregoing sfories and examplesprove one The foregoing stories and examples prove one thing common: that true happiness thing in cornmon: that true happiness does not does not emanate wealth, fame, academicdegrees emanate from wealth, fame, academic degrees and titles,high rank position society. and titles, high rank or position in society. What are therefore, those factors that maycon- What are therefore, those factors that maycon- stitutesources both physicaland spiritualwell- stitute sources of both physical and spiritual well- being for man? Where doeshappiness being man? Where does happiness originate? originate? And what are the qualitiesof thosewho aie truly what are the qualities those who are truly happy? happy? Before answeringthese questions, us first dis- Before answering thesequestions, let us first dis- cussin brief the barriers real happiness. cuss the barriers to real happiness. *t<{< ***
  • 58. 56 56 BARRIERSTO REAL HAPPINESS BARRIERS HAPPINESS l.DisbeliefIn Allah And LackOf The True I.Disbelief Lack Of True Faith. Faith. Since the true faith fills the heart with comfort, Since the the heart comfort, security, reassurance and contentment,and security, reassurance and contentment, and makes man feel that he has strong relationship makes man that he has strong relationship with Almighty Allah, Who aloneis the Creator alone the Creator of man and everything visible and invisible and man and everything visible and invisible and knows best what achieves man's well-being and knows best achievesman's well-being and happiness. Therefore, one of the biggest barriers happiness. Therefore,one the biggest barriers - this world and the to real happiness both in this world and the to real happinessboth Hereafter is the rejection of Allah's true religion Hereafter is the rejection Allah's true religion (Le., Islam). (i.e.,Islam). and stray from Those who lack correct belief and stray from Those who lack correct Divine Divine Guidance Guidance revealed revealed to mankind to mankind through the Universal and Last through the Universal and Last Messenger of Al- Messenger of suffer from spiritual void lah, Muhammad, will suffer from spiritual void lah, Muhammad, themselvesfrom real salvation and and deprive themselves from real salvation and and deprive mercy: mercy: "Those whom God (in His Plan)willeth to guide, "Those whom God (in His Plan) willeth to guide, He openeththeir breastto Islam; those whom He He openeth their breast to Islam; those whom He willeth to leave straying, -- He maketh their breast willeth to leave straying, He maketh their breast closeand constricted, if they had to climb up to close and constricted, as if they had to climb up to as the skies: thus doth Allah lay abominationon the skies: thus doth Allah lay abomination on
  • 59. 57 57 thosewho refuse to follow His code of life, those who refuse to follow His code of life. that is Islam...."(Qur'an, that is Islam...." (Qur'an, 6:125) 6:125) 2. Sin and Crime 2. Sin and Crime Man has not realizedwell the serious conse- Man has not realizedwell the serious conse- quences sin as their effects generally have no of quences of sin as their effectsgenerallyhave no cure. Sins and crimes are barriersto real happi- cure. Sins and crimes are barriers to real happi- ness.Therefore,criminal is always more unhap- a ness.Therefore, a criminal is alwaysmore unhap- py than his victim, for a criminal who is not pu- py than his victim, for a criminal who is not pu- nishedcould be amongthe mostmiserable nished could be among the most miserable people. people. 3. Env),andJealousy 3. Envy and Jealousy Envy and jealousy are sources of dissatis fac- Envy and jealousy are sources dissatis fac- tion and self-torture people. Therefore,we are tion and self-torture for people.Therefore, we are advised the advised in the Holy Qur'an to seek refuge from Qur'an to seekrefugefrom the serious effects of suchkinds of malignant the serious effects such kinds malignant socialevils. In chapter social evils. ll3 chapter 113 of the Holy euia'n, the Qura'n, we are advised to seekrefuge in Allah "from we are advised seek refuge "from the mischief of the envious one as he practises the mischief of the envious one as he practises envy...."Both envy...."Both envy and jealousy,when translated envy and jealousy, when translated into action,lead to the destruction happiness into action, lead the destruction of happiness and deprivepeopleof the good thingsrhey enjoy. and deprive people of the good things they enjoy. The bestrefugefrom evil is trust in Allah alone best refuge is trust in along alongwith purity of heart. along with purity of heart. 4. IIll-will 4. ll-will True believers True believers are are described In the described in the Holy Holy
  • 60. 58 58 Qur'an, verse 10 of chapter59, as saying when Qur'an, verse of chapter 59, as saying when they Allah: they pray to Allah: "..And leavenot, in our hearts, rancour(or sense "..And leave not, in our hearts, rancour (or sense of injury) againstthose who havebelieved...." injury) against those have believed...." Ill-will and rancourare barriersto the happiness Ill-will and rancour are barriers to the happiness of man. In fact, ill-will is contraryto happiness; man. fact, ill-will contrary happiness; it belongs to a different domain on human belongs domain human feelings. It is like a virus that kills the lofty feelings. kills lofty sentiments and kind feelingsof man. sentiments and feelings of man. 5. Anger 5. Aneer Anger connotes displeasure and Anger connotes displeasure and hostility. hostility. ThJrefore, is one the biggestthreatsthat spoil Therefore, it is one of the biggest threats that spoil man'shappiness.ProphetMuhammad(Peaceand man's happiness. Prophet Muhammad (Peace and the importance blessings be upon him), stressed the importance blessings be upon him), stressed of self-restraint when he advisedone his com- of self-restraint when he advised one of his com- panions: "Do not be overpowered anger..." by panions: "Do not be overpowered by anger. .." 6. Injustice 6. Injustice Injustice,no doubt will bring ruin to every-body Injustice, no doubt will bring ruin to every-body who practises it. This is proven by many who practises it. This is proven by many examples that servedas warnings and lessons to examples that served as warnings and lessons to humanity to shunthis dangerous vice and main- humanity to shun this dangerous vice and main- justice and equality. Injustice may signify tain justice and equality. Injustice may signify tain the trespassing going beyond limits; it may the trespassing and going beyond limits; it may and signify the misplacement things or denial of also signify the misplacement of things or denial also of truth. of truth.
  • 61. 59 59 this. context, incorrectconcepts divinity, In this. context, incorrect concepts on divinity, on suchaspolytheism,idolatry and false worship,are such as polytheism, idolatry and false worship, are one the forms injusticss5 iI is a distortion one of the forms of injustice as i5 is a distortion true religion and trespassingagainst divine of true religion and trespassing against divine commands. The following verse from the Holy commands. The following verse from the Holy Qur'anillustrates point: this Qur'an illustrates this point: "Behold, Luqman said to his son by way "Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of in- in- struction: 'O struction: '0 my son! Join not in worship son! Join not worship (others) Allah: false worship is indeedthe (others) with Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing'...." (Qur'an, 1:13) highest wrong-doing'.... " (Qur'an, 31:13) 3 Many a nation backed up, Many a nation backed up, or refrained from refrainedfrom resisting, unjust tyrants and wrong-doersand resisting, unjust tyrants and wrong-doers and broughttherebyupon themselves brought thereby upon themselves devastation and devastation and perdition. perdition. The following quotationfrom the sayings the The following quotation from the sayings of the Prophet (Peace blessings be upon him) testi- Prophet (Peace and blessings uponhim) testi- and be fies to this proven fact very often noticed in fies to this proven fact very often noticed humanlife. Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari,a companion human life. Musa AI-Ash'ari, companion Prophet Muhammad (Peaceand blessings be of ProphetMuhammad (Peace and blessingsbe upon him), related that the Prophet said (as upon him), related that the Prophetsaid (as narrated ImamsBukhariand Muslim): narrated by Imams Bukhari and Muslim): "Allah may give a wrong-doingtyrant respite, "Allah may give wrong-doing tyrant respite, and thereafter when He punisheshim, He never and thereafter when punishes He never
  • 62. 60 60 lets him escape." Then, he recitedthis Qur'anic lets him escape." Then, he recited this Qur'anic Verse: Verse: "Such is the chdstisement thy Lord when He "Such the chastisement of of when chastises communitiesin the midst of their wrong: chastises communities the of wrong: grievous, indeed,and severe grievous, indeed, and severe is His chastisement." chastisement." (Qur'an, 11:102) (Q u r ' a n ,1 1 : 1 0 2 ) In anotherversefrom the Holy Qur'an,it is stated: another verse the Qur'an, stated: "And how many populations did I give many populations did give respite, which were given to wrong-doing? respite, which were given to wrong-doing? In is the destination the end I punished them. To Me is the destination the end punishedthem. (Qur'an,22:48) (of all)." (Qur'an, 22:48) all)." 7. Fear of Wordly Power 7. Fear Wordly Power Fear other than Allah is the cause humility, Fear of other than Allah is the cause of humility, Whereas, fear A1- insecurity and unhappiness. Whereas, fear of Al- insecurityand unhappiness. lah produces man lofty in idealsand driveshim lah produces in man lofty ideals and drives him to develop sound conductand excellentmoral to develop sound conduct and excellent moral behaviour. It frees him from all fetters of human behaviour. It frees him from all fetters of human his bondage and safeguards his dignity bondage and free- and safeguards dignity and free- dom of will. Allah saysin the Holy Qur'an: dom of will. Allah says in the Holy Qur'an: "It is only the Satanthat suggests you the fear to "It is only the Satan that suggests to you the fear of his votaries: you not afraid of them,but fear of his votaries: be you not afraid of them, but fear be me, if you aretruebelievers." (Qur'an,3:175) me, if you are true believers." CQur'an, 3:175)
  • 63. 611 6 8. Pessimism 8. Pessimism Pessimism is synonymous with misery and Pessimism is synonymous with misery and trouble.It leads to a stage trouble.It leads to a stage of inertia and de- inertia and de- pression.A pessimistic person would hold back pression. pessimistic personwould hold back from enjoying his normal from enjoying his normal life or achieving his or achievinghis objectives. Therefore, the Gracious Prophet objectives. Therefore, the Gracious Prophet (Peace and blessingsbe upon him) promoted (Peace and blessings be upon him) promoted and liked optimism but discouraged and liked optimism but discouraged and disliked and disliked pessimism. A pessimist, due to his defeatist pessimism. pessimist, due to his defeatist tendencies,incurs severaltroubles and tendencies, incurs several troubles and difficul- ties the effects which on his nerves are far ties the effects of which on his nerves are far heavierthan dilemmas heavier than dilemmas and disasters. and disasters. 9. Suspicion 9. Suspicion Allah (Glory be to Him) Allah (Glory be to Him) states III the Holy staresin rhe Qur'an: Qur'an: "O ye who believe! Shunsuspicion much (as "0 ye who believe! Shun suspicion as much (as as possible):for suspicion in some cases is a sin...." possible): suspicion somecases sin...." is (Qur'an,49:12) (Qur'an,49:12) Prophet Muhammad (Peaceand blessingsbe Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be uponhim) alsosays: upon also says: "Shun suspicion, because SuspIcIOn the big- "Shun suspicion, becausesuspicionis the big- gestlie." (Narrated ImamsBukhariand Mus- gest lie." (Narrated by Imams Bukhari and Mus- lim)
  • 64. 62 person be happy?And how can suspicious personbe happy?Andhow How can a suspicious can a societypervaded suspicionand mistrust can society pervaded by suspicion and mistrust prosper or lead collective of happiness. prosper leada collectivelife of happiness. 10 . Arrogance 10. Arrogance An arrogant person leads a life of misery arrogant person leads of misery even though he treats other people rudely and even though he treats other people rudely and boastfully without due regard to established boastfully without due regard established norms of moral conduct.He oppressesthem or nonns moral conduct. He oppresses them turns his cheek in scorn toward them but he is turns his cheek scorntoward them he definitely haunted guilty cons-cience which definitely haunted with guilty cons-cience which makes his life miserable. makeshis miserable. "Tum not thy cheek in scorn toward folk, nor not cheek scom toward walk with pertness the land. Lo! loveth walk with pertness in the land. La! Allah loveth not eachbraggart boaster." (Qur'an, l8) not each braggart boaster." (Qur'an, 31::18) 31 Muhammad(Peace blessings upon and be Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon Prophet him) gavehis advice this regardwhenhe said: him) gave his advice in this regard when he said: "On the Day Judgment Allah not look "On the Day of Judgment Allah will not look towards him who trails his lower garment out towards him who trails his lower garment out of pride " (a Hadith narratedby Imams Bukhari of pride" (a Hadith narrated by Imams Bukhari and Muslim) and Muslim) 11.Devotion otherthanAllah 11. Devotion to other than Allah to It is a part of man'scharacter love and hate,but to It is a part of man's character to love and hate, but
  • 65. 63 63 carryingthepassions of love and hate to extremes carrying the passions love and hateto extremes of precarious. Take for example the story of is precarious. Take for example the story of It Romeo and Juliet in English Literatureor eays Romeo and Juliet in English Literature or Qays and Layla in Arabic Literature. Qays,who was and Layla in Arabic Literature. Qays, who was known in the story as Layla'smad lover, had suf- known in the story as Layla's mad lover, had suf- fered tremendously from this love until he lost fered tremendously from this love until he lost his sensesand later died in a wretchedpiteous his senses and later died in a wretched piteous state. state. When your heart is wholly devotedto your When your heart is wholly devoted to your Creator(Allah), your love is holy and you thereby Creator (Allah), your love is holy and you thereby enjoy an elevated emotion which fills your heart enjoy an elevatedemotion which fills your heart peaceand happiness. with peace and happiness. This kind of emotion is not in contradiction with This emotion is not contradiction love_ parents, love for parents, wife or children.. In fact, they children fact, they are harmoniousand complementary. But, ex- are harmonious and complementary. But, ex- treme emotions,when not controlled reason treme emotions, when not controlled by reason or logic, are in fact detrimental our life and hap- logic, are fact detrimental to our and hap- pine s s . piness. 12.Alcohol. Drugsand Drug Addiction 12. Alcohol. Drugs and Drug Addiction Many people imagine that happinesscan be people imagine that happiness can be attained through alcohol or drug addicrion. attained through alcohol drug addiction. Therefore,they resort to drugsescapingthereby Therefore, resort drugs escaping thereby from the troublesand worriesof life. In fact, they the troubles and worries of fact, they are like one who escapes are one escapes from a small fire to a small a hell. hell. Drugs may throw one,for a shortwhile, into a Drugs may throw one, for a short while, into a
  • 66. 64 61 dreamy illusive world of happiness; but in fact dreamy iilusive world of hapainess; but in fact they lead both to disintegrationand destruction. they lead both disintegration and destruction. We nowadays witnessmany examplesof such nowadays witness many examples of such social disintegration and chaosdue to the 'world- social disintegration and chaos due the world- wide surge of drug addiction besides other rvide surge of drug addiction besides other .causes related to corrdption and the absenceof causesrelated corruption and the absence real religious sanctions and soundcreed. real religious sanctions and sound creed. LAND MARKS ON THE WAY TO HAPPY LAND WAY HAPPY LIFE LIFE (The Factors Pre-requisites Happiness) (TI1e Factors & Pre-requisites of Happiness) & 1. Sound Belief 1. Sqund build a happylife, you haveto first lay a solid To build a happy life, you have to first lay a solid foundation for it, otherwise, it will subside. foundation it, oiherwise, subside. Thereforc.we shouldseeksucha solid unshakea 'TIlerefore, we should seek such a solid unshakea- ble foundation on rvhich we could buiid our ble foundation on vhich we could build our i.vholesonte There must be also a scheme wholesome life. There must be also a scheme by life. by which the courseof our life is to be guided and which the course of our life is to be guided and controlled. controlled-. eiesire impr:lses,drives,feelings, Man possesses impulses, drives, feelings, desires Man posses$es anC whirns which may intluencehis character and and whims which may influence his character and way of lii"e. l{e is endowed with the ability to way of life. He is endowed with the ability to think, reason attd perceive so thathe couldire think, reason and perceive so that he could be
  • 67. 65 65 able to control his wili and emotions and direct able to control his will and emotions and direct himself into the course of actionhe believesto himself into the course of action he believes to be suitable.However, man's mind and emotions be suitable. However, man's mind and emotions may lapseand lead him away from the right path. may lapse and lead him away from the right path. He may stray unknowingly from the way to He may stray unknowingly from the way to successand happinessand take the course to success and happiness and take the course to chaosand misery, thereby bringing suffering and chaos and misery, thereby bringing suffering and destruction upon himself and upon others. destruction upon himself and upon others. Hence the necessity Hence the necessity for man to achieve a man to achievea profound understanding the Divine Guidance profound understanding of the Divine Guidance which leads his way to the plain truth aboilt his which leads his way to the plain truth about his existence this world, his relation the universe existence in this world, his relation to the universe and other creatures, pulpose his creation, the and to other creatures, the purpose of his creation, how he has come into existence, the Divine Will how he has come into existence,the Divine Vill that controls him and directshis life, and the that controls and directs his and the conect course and way that leads him to correct course and way that leads to salvation salvation and realhappiness. and real happiness. Islam is the last and only universalreligionand Islam the last and universal religion and system or code of life revealed to mankind system code of revealed mankind throughthe last Prophet(Peaceand blessings be through the Prophet (Peace and blessings upon him) and the only faith with the Divine upon him) and the with the Revelation stiil kept intact in its orginal form, Revelation still kept intact orginal form, unlike the earlier revelationswhich were already unlike the earlier revelations which were already lost, adulterated, interpoiated, changed and lost, adulterated, interpolated, changed and
  • 68. 66 corrupted. Thus, the Islamic Faith provesto corrupted. Thus, the Islamic Faith proves be the only correctfoundationfor man'scharacter correct foundation man's character necessary for and behaviourand a mode of life necessary and behaviour and mode of building a sound and progressivesociety char- building sound and progressive society char- acterized by justice and peacewhich is in acterized justice and peace which harmony with Allah's will. ha'rmony Allah's If we think of the backwardnessof Muslim If of the backwardness societies,we will find that the reasonfor such societies, will that the reason such due the deviation from this condition is mainly due to the deviation condition this life. The calamitiesthat caused divine way of life. The calamities that caused divine way the downfull of Muslim societies are by no means the downfull Muslim societies are no means merely due to lack of scientific knowledgebut merely due lack scientific knowledge fact, when rather to their deviation from Islam. In fact, when rather their deviationfrom Islam. the so-calledDark Europe was going through the so-called Dark Europe was going through Ages, the Islamic Nation, covering half Ages, the Islamic Nation, covering half of the the world, was enjoying the most splendidand world, was enjoying the most splendid and gloriouscivilizationthe world had everknown. glorious civilization the world had ever known. So the Islamicbelief, whenput into practice, leads So the Islamic belief, when put into practice, leads man to the right direc tion and channels his all man to the right direc tion and channels all his energies and efforts into a constructivescheme energies and efforts into a constructive scheme of life. To begin with, faith is complementary life. To begin with, faith is complementary to to reason. Therefore, reason is not the antithesis reason. Therefore, reason is not the antithesis of is the case in some other human faith as is the case in some other human faith as beliefsand religions.Islamicfaith helpsto devel- beliefs and religions. Islamic faith helps to devel- op the humanmind and doesnot imposeany kind op the human mind and does not impose any kind of illogical concept unduerestrictions it. Iton of illogical concept or undue restrictions on it. It or
  • 69. 67 67 leadsmanin the way of truth since he is guided by leads man in the way of truth sincehe is guidedby words and commandments his Creator,Who of words and commandments of his Creator, Who knowswhat is best for him. knows what is bestfor him. A basic Islamic principle of faith is relatedto A basic Islamic principle of faith is related to harmony in this universe. Many scientists and harmony in this universe.Many scientistsand thinkers believe that there is a conflict thinkers believe that there is a conflict betweenman and nature and that man is strus- between man and nature and that man is strug- gling to overcome the powers of nature.Islari gling to overcome the powers of nature. Islam corrects this short-sighted notion. It statesthat corrects this short-sighted notion. It states that everythingin this world has been created to serve everything in this world has beencreated serve to man, and man has been createdto serve Allah. man, and man has been created to serve Allah. Therefore,the relationshipbetweenman and the Therefore, the relationship between man and the universeis one of harmony and friendliness. This universe is one harmonyand friendliness. This fact imbuesman peace mind, satisfaction fact imbues man with peace of mind, satisfaction and happiness. alsofreeshis mind from worries, and happiness. It also frees his mind from worries, fears and feeling of hostility. His life would fears and feeling hostility. His would become inspired with love, hope, optimism, become inspired love, hope, optimism, contentment and happiness contentment and happiness that would enable that would enable him to face hardshipswith confidenceand rieht face hardships confidence and right discretion. discretion. Belief in Allah and in His perfecr arrribures Allah and in perfect attributes would deeply influencethe Muslim's character would deeply influence the Muslim's character and his whole outlookon life. It bringshim to and his whole outlook on life. It brings him to acquire good qualitiesand aim for humanperfec- a.cquire good qualities and aim for human perfec- tion. This will undoubtedly tion. This will undoubtedly achieve,for bbth the achieve, for both the individualand the society, a life of idealvalues individual and the society, a life of ideal values
  • 70. 68 68 and collective happiness. and collectivehappiness. Belief in the angelsof Allah makesman feel that the angels makes man feel that he is not aionein this universeand that it abounds he alone this universe and that abounds righteous friendly creatures. This rvould with righteous friendly creatures. This would make life pleasantfor him and enable him to make pleasant and enable achieve success and happiness. achieve success happiness. and Belief in the Day of Judgment drives man to con- the Judgment drives man con- trol his behaviourand life according to the Divine his behaviour and according the justice and righteousness. Laws of justice and righteousness. Laws Without this on which everyonewili Without belief in this Day on which everyone will receive his just deserts (when the wrong-doers are receivehis deserts (when the wrong-doers are justly punished and the righteous are rewarded punished and the righteousare rewarded bountifully), man would lose the impetus to bountifully), man would lose the impetus to behavefairiy towards others and the oppressed behave fairly towards others and the oppressed would grow hopeless miserable. would grow hopeless and miserable. and elementthat Belief in the Hereafter is an essential element that the Hereafteris an essential helpsto control human cieiinquency ostablish helps to control human delinquency and establish and collective happiness and virtues in society. collective happiness virtues society. and Divine Destinyis a major element a Belief in Divine Destiny is a major element of a Belief stable and composecl personality.When you stable and composed personality. When you submit yourself to the Divine Decreeand and submit yourself to the Divine Decree and Will and "What befalls you feel positively certain that "What befalls f'eel positively certain that you would not havemissedyou and what missesyou would not have missed you and what misses you
  • 71. 69 69 wouid not have befallen you", you vroulci would have befallen you", you would certainlygrow stronger the face certainly grow stronger in the face of calami- calami- ties, face them with patienceand courageand ties, face them patience and courage and not succumb to them or be para.lized not succumb them be paralized with shock or sirock despair. despair. such element faitit creates vacuurn a Lack of such element of faith creates a vacuum man's heart and that cannot be up in man's heart and life that cannot be filled up tire riches and pleasures the world. with all the riches and pleasures of the world. It witir is this emptiness that drives many, even is this kind of emptiness that drives many, even and the pleasure-seekers the worid the wealthy and the pleasure-seekers of the world the rveaithy commicsuicide. to collapse or even commit suicide. to collapse eve.n 2. Worship and Devotictlr Allal'i 2. Worship and Devotion to Allah t-o (idle) spart di<i We create the heavens "Not for (idle) sport did Ve create the heavens and the earth and all that is between"(Qur'qn, and the earth anc all that is beiween"(Qur'an, 211:16) ) 2 :16 iiile $por"i pla.v, has So creation is not for idle sport or play, Allah has So ereationis nat a senouspurposebehinci Wiiat is it? Ailah has a serious purpose behind it. Vhat is it? Allah has revealed us F{ispurpose the Holy Qur'an: revealed to us His purpose in the Holy Qur'an: to in "1 irave oniy createdJinns (i.e., genies) and "I have only created Jinns (i.e., genies) and men.that they may seivelde!" (Qur'an, men, that they may serve Me!" (Qur'an, 51:56) 51:56) Everything and everyone the Universe Everything and everyone in the Universe are are created Almishty Ailah. and submi.t FIis to created by Ahnighty Allah, and all submit to His bv
  • 72. 70 70 Have a glanceat the physicalworld. Will. Have a glance at the physical world. You will find everything controlled and directed in everythingcontrolled and directed Divine Order and Laws. There accordance with Divine Order and Laws. There accordance are laws that govern every area or domain of are laws that govern every area domain nature,suchas the laws gravity, motion, relativ- nature, such as the laws of gravity, motion, relativ- etc. These prevailing laws testify to the fact ity, etc. These prevailing laws testify to the fact that the universeis total submission its Crea- that the universe is in total submission to its Crea- to tor, Almighty Allah, Who has originated laws. its tor, Almighty Allah, Who has originated its laws. man hasbeen endowed But man has been endowed with Free Will, a priv- Free a ilege not given to the lower forms ilege not given to the lower forms of creation, so creation,so that his obedienceto the laws that his obedience to the laws of his Creator his Creator should be more sensible not a kind should be more sensible and not a kind of blind and blind obedience a robot following the commands obedience like a robot following the commands of the computeroperator. the computer operator. Besides,he is also endowed the faculty Besides, he is also endowed with the faculty of thinking and reasoningso that he could be able to thinking and reasoning so that he could be able to decide and shoulder responsibility.Therefore, decide and shoulder responsibility. Therefore, man will be able to achieve harmony man will be able to achieve full harmony in his his if the intellectualand spiritual side his life if the intellectual and spiritual side of his character comesto coincidewith the physicalside character comes to coincide with the physical side which is alreadyruled natural physicallaws which is already ruled by natural or physical laws ordained and ordained and fulfilled by Allah Glory be to bv Glorv be to Him)! Him)! Thus, he would abide the Divine Law, listento Thus, he would abide by the Divine Law, listen to the commandments his Lord and respond the commandments of his Lord and respond
  • 73. 71l 7 willingly, and worship in all humility willingly, and worship in all humility and and reverencethe only true deity, Allah, Who aloneis reverence the only true deity, Allah, Who alone is worthy of worship. worthy of worship. Obedienceand worship Allah are a major and Obedience and worship of Allah are a major and comprehensive source comprehensive source of contentment and contentment and happiness man. On the personal for happiness for man. On the personal level, it gives level, gives man the feeling that he is close to Allah and such man the feelingthat he is closeto Allah and such nearness his Lord, consequently, to provideshim nearness to his Lord, consequently, provides him with guidance,wisdom, strength, confidence, with guidance, wisdom, strength, confidence, steadfastness, security, joy and satisfaction. Acts steadfastness, security, and satisfaction.Acts worship have many positive aspects of worship have many positive aspects in human life. prayer, man communicates human life. In prayer, man communicates with with his Lord directly and establishes most exalted his Lord directly and establishes the most exalted the relationship that infuses him with satisfaction relationship that infuses him with satisfaction and peace mind. He feelsthat Allah is with and peace of mind. He feels that Allah is with him: He hearshim, responds him, accepts him: He hears him, responds to him, accepts his to his prayers prayers and gooddeeds and forgives his sins. and good deeds andforgives his sins. This would elevate his spirit to perfection. This would elevate his spirit to perfection. He He would contemplatethe versesof the Glorious would contemplate the verses the Glorious Qur'an that are recited and realize their implica- Qur'an that are recited and realize their implica- tions as well as the generalaims of the prayer. He tions as as the general aims the prayer. He would be movedto complywith their injunctions would be moved comply with their injunctions and commandments. would feel the power of and commandments. He would feel the power He Allah dominating him as well as the whole Allah dominating as as the whole universe. UnIverse.
  • 74. 72 This would make him humble and causehim to make humble and cause abstain wronging trespassing against abstain from wronging or trespassing against others. When he acquiressuch traits, he would others. When acquires such traits, would becomethe epitomeof iove, rnercy,justice and become the epitome love, mercy, justice and guidance. He would becomea man of good guidance. He would become man good marulers and refinement,in full contro! of his manners and refinement, control his desires and whims. Further,he would be able to desires and whims. Further, he would be able channelall his feelings, efforts and actions in rhe channel his feelings, efforts and actions the properconstructive way. proper constructive way. Prayerpurifies the soul of error and the gloomi- Prayer purifies the soul error and the gloomi- ness sins as water purifies and refreshes the nessof sins as water purifies and reireshes the and inculcates body. It refines man's character and inculcates in body. refinesman'scharacter honesty, him the excellent virtues of truthfulness, honesty, the excellentvirtues truthfulness, modesty and humility. keeps man away frorn modesty and humility. It keeps man away from falsehood and from all forbidden actions and evil talsehood and from all {brbiddenactions and deeds. deeds. prayer achieves On the collective level, prayer achieves for the On the colieciive 1e.,,e1, the cornmunity a high Cegree perfeclionand community a high degree of perfection and leads leads happiness suc- and it through the way to collective happiness and suc- throughthe way to collective cess, as it has realized for the individual a feeiing cess, as has realizedfor the individuai a feeling happiness weli as consistency, as dignity and of happiness as well as consistency, dignity and integrity. integrity. .Ilis t,orship containsmany eletnents This act of worship contains many elements of act Congregationai prayer success and social welfare. Congregational prayer success socialrvelfare. and is, in f-act, school for social upliftment, where is, in fact, a school for social upliftment, where a orcier and unity,andequality man can exercise order and unity, and equality is mancanexercise is
  • 75. 733 7 fully realized with no traces of discrimination fully realized with no rracesof discrimination whatsoever. Those who perforrn prayer in the whatsoever. Those who perform prayer in the right way shall find their way to salvation, right way shall find their way to salvation, success eternal and happiness. success and eternal happiness. What appliesto prayeralsoappliesto otheractsof What applies to prayer also applies to other acts of worshipwhich, together, worship which, together, contribute to the building contiibuteto the building spiritual, social, political,econcmicweifare of spiritual, social, political, economic welfare and solidarity. and solidarity. fact, that is the secret behind tire standard In fact, that is the secret behind the standard of superiority achieved by the N{usiimsociety at superiority achieved by the Muslim society at the Zenith the Zenith of its development, power, and its development, power, and prosperity. prosperity. final word on worship as a source success A final word on worship as a source of success and happiness that worship is and happiness is that worship in Islam includes Islam includes every action a Muslim performsonly every action a Muslim performs only for the the sakeof Allah (Glory be to Him) and in accordance sake Allah (Glory be to and accordance with His commandments. with His commandments. This not only covers This not only covers ritual acts like prayersperformedin the Mosque, ritual actslike prayers performed the Mosque, fasting during the month of Ramadanor the fasting during the month Ramadan the performance Hujj; it also includesall human performance of Hajj; also includes human activities,such as learnirr*e. activities, suchas learning, training,eating,sleep- training, eating, sleep- ing, working ro earna living fcr the sustenance ing, working to earn for the sustenance of the family and all otlier constructive the family and other constructive activiiies activities necessary the improvement humanliib. Ttris necessary for the improvement of human life. This of providesthe Muslirn with a treasure good deeds provides the Muslim treasure of good deeds of that contribute the realizationof an integraland that contribute to the realization of an integral and righteouscharacter and enhances righteous character and enhances his chancesof chances of
  • 76. 74 t+ attaining an everlasting blissful life in the attaining an everlasting blissful the Hereafter.The following verse from the Holy Hereafter.The verse the Qur'an guidesman to the way of prosperity and Qur'an guides man the of prosperity and success: success: "O ye who believe! Do your duty to Allah, seek "0 ye who believe! your duty Allah, seek the means of approach unto Him, and strive (with the meansof approach unto and strive (with might and main) in His cause:that ye may and main) cause: that ye may prosper," (Qur'an, prosper." (Qur'an, 5:35) 5:35) "Whoever works righteousness, man or "Whoever works righteousness, man We give woman,and hasFaith,verily, to him will We give woman, and has Faith, verily, to a new life, a life that is good and pure, and We new that is good and pure, and bestowon such their rewardaccording the to will bestow on such their reward according to the best their actions." (Qur'an,16:97) best of their actions," (Qur'an, 16:97) Faith, sincere, means right conduct.When these Faith, if sincere, means right conduct. When these each other, Allah's gracetransforms two confirm each other, Allah's grace transforms two confirm our life. Instead being troubled and worried, our life. Instead of being troubled and worried, instead being we have peace and contentment; instead of being we have peaceand contentment; assailed at every tum by falsealarmsand the assailed at every turn by false alarms and the assaults evil, we enjoy calm and attainpurity. assaults of evil, we enjoy calm and attain purity, The transformation visible this itself, but The transformation is visible in this life itself, but is the "reward"in terms the Hereafter be far the "reward" in terms of the Hereafter will be far beyond our deserts. beyondour deserts. The Prophet(Peace and blessings upon him) be The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said: said: "Happiness,allhappiness, long life (full) is "Happiness,all happiness, is long life (full) of obedience to Allah." (Narrated Quda'iand obedience to Allah." (Narrated by Quda'i and by
  • 77. 75 75 Daylami on the authority Ibn Umar) Daylami on the authority of Ibn Umar) is worth mentioning that obediencemust be It is worth mentioning that obedience must be basedon sound knowledge; based on sound knowledge; for ignorance may for ignorance may distort the spirit godliness and deprive distort the spirit of godliness and deprive worship its meaning,and render fruitlessand worship of its meaning, and render it fruitless and almostfutile. almost futile. There is a commonsayingwhich runsas follows: There is a common saying which runs as follows: do not feel that happiness "I do not feel that happiness consists in the amass- consists the arnass- ment a fortune; is the righteousand godly ment of a fortune; it is the righteous and godly who arehappyl" who are happy!" 3. Closely akin to the above 3. Closely akin to the above in spiritual and spiritualand devotional aspect is the remembrance devotional aspect is the remembrance of Allah (Glory be to (Glory be to Him), Lord and Sustainer of the and Sustainer the Universe. Associated with are supplications, Universe. Associated with it are supplications, prayers,celebration Allah's praisesand recita- prayers, celebration of Allah's praises and recita- tion the Glorious Qur'an.Having seenthe tion of the Glorious Qur'an. Having seen the influence faith and righteousness man's influence of faith and righteousness on man's on character and life, we find it relevanthere to cite character and life, we find relevant here to cite two Qur'anic verseswhich combine in the same two Qur'anicverses which combine the same contextthe elements faith and righteousness context the elements of faith and riqhteousness with that of remembrance Allah: with that remembrance of Allah: "Those who believe,and whoseheartsfind "Those who believe, and whose hearts find satisfaction in the remembrance Allah: for satisfaction the remembrance of Allah: without doubt in the remembrance Allah do without doubt the remembrance of do
  • 78. 76 16 hearts satisfaction. For thosewho believe and heartsfind satisfaction. those believe and righteousness, is (every) blessedness a work righteousness, (every) blessedness and and beautifulplaceof (final) retum." (Qur'an, 3:28-29) beautiful place of 1 return."(Qur'an,13:28-29) When man becomes conscious of the bounties When man becomes conscious of the bounties and favoursbestowed Allah upcn him and feels and favours bestowed by upon and feels that his existence, body, spirit, intellectsand that his very existence, body, spirit, intellects and facultiesare granted to him out of generosity,he faculties are granted generosity, he will naturally be moved to celebrate his Creator's wili naturally be moved celebratehis Creator's praisesand be grateful to Him. He acquires this praises and be grateful acquiresthis satisfaction satisfaction anci blessedness and inward joy and blessedness and inward describe words. This which is difficult to describe in words. This which is biessedness satisfaction also is on reciting blessedness and satisfaction is also felt on reciting and listening the words (Glory be or listening to the words of Allah (Glory be to Him). Receiving and reading a letter from a Him). Receiving and reading a letter from a personyou love and respect would your heart person you love and respect would fill your heart with comfort and happiness which could not comfort and happinesswhich could comfort, happiness compare to the level of comfort, happiness and compareto the level and bliss that one would feel the words spiritual bliss that one would feel in the words spiritual (Glory be to Him). and name of Allah (Glory be to Him). and name Shunning the remembrance of Allah and His Shunning the remembrance and His humanity deprivesman revealed message to humanity deprives man of revealedmessageto and satisfaction. causes that transcendent joy and satisfaction. It causes that transcendent the chest, a feeling spiritual constriction in the chest, a feeling of spiritual constriction void and depression, desolate a and desperate void and depression, a desolate and desperate life worries, and ultimately wrath and eternal full of worries, and ultimately wrath and eternal full punishment in the Hereafter. punishmentin the Hereafter.
  • 79. n- 77 "But whosoeverturnsaway from My Message, "But whosoever turns away from My Message, Verily for him is a life narroweddown, and We Verily for him is a life narrowed down, and Ve shall raisehim up blind on the Day of Judgment." shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment." (Qur'an, 2A:L24) (Qur'an, 20:124) 4. GoodnesstndKindness Others: to 4. Goodness and Kindness to Others: This emanatesfrom the very essence faith. This emanates from the very essence of faith. Prophet Muhammad(Peace Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon and blessings upon be him) said: him) said: "All creatures de.pendants Allah, and the are "All creatures are dependants of Allah, and the most favoured among them by Allah is the one most favoured among thenrby Allah is the one who is most helpful to His dependants." who is most helpful to His dependants." (Nanated Tabarani, Abu Naeemand Bayhaqi) (Narrated by Tabarani, Abu Naeem and Bayhaqi) Thus, active faith turns man into a mercy to Thus, active faith turns man into a mercy to himselfand to others. himself and to others. There are many fonns and manifestations of There are many forms and manifestations gcodness goodness thar are basedon the Muslim'sbeinga that are based on the Muslim's being mercy to humanity.This is represented his mercy humanity. This is represented by his natural inclination and keennes-s save other natural inclination and keenness to save other people from error and lead them to salvation. people from error and lead them to salvation. However,this can only be achieved he is a reai However, this can be achieved if he is real if embodimentof his faith. The tendencytor,vards embodiment his faith. The tendency towards kindness emanates from human reciprocal kindness emanates human reciprocal relations; for man's delight depends on the relations; man's delight depends the delight of others and vice versa, and this delight of others and vice versa, and this reciprocity provides happiness for both the reciprocity provides happiness both the
  • 80. 78 78 individual and the societyas a whole. individual and the society as whole. A Muslim's goodness is not only limited to A Muslim's goodness brothersin faith; but, it also extendsto cover eve- brothers faith; but, also extends cover eve- ry being,human or otherwise. ry being, human otherwise. Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) said: upon said: "Every should do an act charity." "Every Muslim should do an act of charity." "supposehe couldn'tafford that? peoplesaid. "Suppose he couldn't afford that? people said. his handsand give out "Let him work with his hands and give out charity," he answered. charity," he answered. "supposehe couldn't afford it? they said. "Suppose he couldn't afford it? they said. help the grievedand needy,"he "Let him help the grieved and needy," he "Lrt answered. answered. "suppose couldn'taffort it," they said. "Suppose he couldn't affort it," they said. he "Let do good and avoidevil, is an act "Let him do good and avoid evil, it is an act of charity for him." charity him." (Narrated Imam Bukhari) (Narrated by Imam Bukhari) suchcharity must be basedon sincerityand be But such charity must be based on sincerity and be ' hyprocrisy,bad intention free from any kind of hyprocrisy, bad intention free from any or ulterior motives: or ulterior motives: "O ye who believe! Cancel not your charity "0 ye who believe! Cancel not your charity your generosity or by injury." by reminders of your generosity or by injury." by reminders (Qur'an,2:264) (Qur'an, 2:264)
  • 81. 79 79 5. Renunciation Too Long-TermHopes of 5. Renunciation of Too Long-Term Hopes and Griefs of the Past: and Griefs of the Past: Many peoplespend most of their time worrying Many people spend most of their time worrying about their future life and keep regrettingpast about their future life and keep regretting past mishaps.They live in continuous worry and mishaps. They live in continuous worf and misery. mIsery. good solutionto this source worriesis to live A good solution to this source of worries is to live within the limits today.This doesnot meanto within the limits of today. This does not mean to neglectthe future and stop planning for it, nor neglect the future and stop planning for it, nor does involve failure to draw lessons does it involve failure to draw lessons from past from past experiences. aims at ridding our life experiences. It aims at ridding our life of obses- obses- sion futile caresthat lead us onlv to stress sion with futile cares that lead us only to stress and frustrations. and frustrations. According to one thinker: According one thinker: "We shouldnot forward "We should not look forward to a goal that looks goal that looks faint in the distance;in fact, we have to com- the distance; fact, have com- plete the clear works that we have in hand." plete the clear works that have hand." Anothersays: Another says: "Life is short,we must not make it shorterbv care "Life short, must make shorter by care and troubles." and troubles." Living within the limits of todayis consistent the limits of today consistent with the sayingsof ProphetMuhammad(Peaceand the sayings of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings uponhim): blessings be upon him): be "He who is safe (in his home), healthy (in his safe his home), healthy body), with enoughprovisionsfor the day, is like body), with enough provisions for the day, is like one who possesses one who possesses everythingin the world." everything in the world."
  • 82. 80 80 You will possessthe basic elementsof happy life You will possess the basic elements of happy life in this world if you acquire the requirementsof in this world if you acquire the requirements of safeand happy living suchas: safe and happy living such as: 1. Physical (residential, social,political 1. Physical(residential, social, political and military) security; and security; Health security; and 2. Health security;and Food security. 3. Food security. So why worry? If you let yourself be haunted So If yourself be haunted with fbars and worries about the future all the fears and worries about the future the time, you will not be able to time, you not be able to enjoy the present. enjoy the present. the future, no problem, and draw lessons Plan for the future, no problem, and draw lessons Plan neverbe too absorbed worry- from the past, but never be too absorbed in worry- from the past, ing about future too much on ing about your future life or dwell too much on your past glories or shortcomings. your past glories shortcomings. Some people understimatethe safety and peace Some people understimate the safety and peace they enjoy.They may even scorn these gryat they enjoy. They may even scorn these great favburs and exaggerate effects of their misfor- favours and exaggerate the effects of their misfor- the contempt is a denial of reality and a tunes. This contempt is a denial of reality and a tunes. This major factor that spoils the life of the individual. major factor that spoils the life of the individual. Happinessis relative and is not dependent theon Happiness is relative and is not dependent on the degr-ee wealth. A wealthy man degree of wealth. A wealthy man who of is deprived who is deprived of contentment leads a life of misery, while a of contentment leads a life of misery, while a or low means will lead his life man of average or low means will lead his life man of average
  • 83. 811 8 happilyif he is contented and has a realistic happily if he is contented and has a realistic view in life. What helps man to get rid of view in life. What helps man to get rid of frets and worries is a completetrust in his Bounti- frets and worries is a complete trust in his Bounti- ful, Almighty Lord. ful, Almighty Lord. The Holy Qur'an pointed out the benefits of faith The Holy Qur'an pointed out the benefits of faith and trust in Allah (Glory be to him ). andtrust in Allah (Glory be to him ). "And for him who fears Allah (and observes "And for him who fears Allah (and observes his-dutyto Allah), He (ever)prepares way our, his duty to Allah), He (ever) prepares a way out, a and He providesfor him from (sources) never and He provides for him from (sources) he never· he could expect.And whoeverputs his trust Allah, could expect. And whoever puts his trust in Allah, He He will suffice him. For Allah will surely accom- sufficehim. For Allah surelyaccom_ plish.His purpose. plish His purpose. Verily for all things has Allah all thingshas Allah appointeda due proportion."leur'an 6S:OZ-I) appointed a due proportion." (Qur'an 65:02-3) It is this kind of trust that, at once,fills one with is this trust that, at once, one peace of mind and contentment peace mind and contentment along with the along the realizationthat everythingis within thJpower of realization that everything is within the power Allah (the Creator) and drives one to be more (the Creator) and drives one be more optimisticabout life, activeand hadrworkins. not optimistic about active and hadrworking , idle or sufferingfrom inertia. suffering inertia. Speakingof short-termhopes and aspira-tions, Speaking of short-term hopes and aspira-tions, let's cite the following invaluablewoids of the let's cite the following invaluable words of the holy Prophet(Peace and blessings uponhim): holy Prophet (Peaceand blessings be upon him): be "When you passthe day and arriveat the evening, "When you pass the day and arrive at the evening,
  • 84. 82 82 do not expectthat you will passnight andhope to do not expect that you will pass night and hope to reach moming, and when you arrive in the reach morning, and when you arrive in the morning do not look forward to the evening' morning do not look forward to the evening. While in health, be ready for illness, and while While in health, be ready for illness, and while alive,prepare for death.'( Narratedby Imam alive, prepare for death.' ( Narrated by Imam Bukhari) Bukhari) On the transience of human life, the Prophet the transience of human the Prophet (Peace blessing uponhim) said: (Peace and blessing be upon and said: "I am in this world like a rider who halts in the am this rider who halts the shadeof a tree for a short time, and after taking shade tree short time, and after taking some rest resumes his joumey and leaves the tree some rest resumes journey and leaves the tree his behind." (Narrated bY Tirmidhi) behind." (Narrated by You would appreciatethe real meaning the You would appreciate the real meaning of the above words if you meditate on the reality of life abovewords you meditate the reality on life as a that lastsfor some and conceive of it as a film that lasts for some and conceive time presenting whole a life or episode life' time presenting a whole life or episode of life. .Ilneiimilituds of human life is as follows: Days The similitude of human life is as follows: Days go by like a film and when you grow old go by like a film and when you grow old Ind iook back on your past life, you review it and look back on your past life, you review it like watchingan exciting movie Yet this does like watching an exciting movie .. Yet,, this does not impll' that man shouldbe distracted not imply that man should be distracted from from leading an active life or entertaining legitimate leading an active life or entertaining legitimate aspiratlons life for the future.It simply mea-ns aspirations of life for the future. It simply means of that you can alwayslive your life and plan for the that you can always live your life and plan for the futuie with confidence and persistence, let future with confidence and persistence, but letbut
  • 85. 833 8 everything be in your hand and do not allow everything be in your hand and do not allow anythingin the world to possess your heartand anything in the world to possess your heart and dominateyou like a slave.Be a master your- dominate you like a slave. Be a master of your- of self by controlling your desires not the other self by controlling your desires but not the other but way round. way round. ProphetMuhammad(Peace Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessing be upon and blessingbe upon him ) was qouted as saying: him) was qoutedas saying: "May he perish who is the slave dinar and "May he perish who is the slave of dinar and dirham* black and stripedsheets cloth.** dirham* of black and striped sheets of cloth. ** (Reported Imam Bukhari by (Reported by Imam Bukhari ) essential pre-reqUISite of happiness is the An essential pre-requisite happiness the is understanding the role man in this world and understanding of the role of man in this world and his positionand functionas a servant Allah on his position and function as a servant of Allah on the one hand,and a trustee Allah on earthon the one hand, and a trustee of Allah on earth on the other hand. Thus, man would be ruled and the other hand. Thus, man would be ruled and guided divinelight and would behave guided by divine light and would behave with with a sense responsibility. a Muslim strivesto a sense of responsibility. So Muslim strives to So make the best of his time to producefor himself make the best his time to produce himself and other peoplewhat is useful for tl'rem,and to and other people what useful them ,and preparehimself for the future both in this life prepare himself the future both this * Dinar and Dirham: currency * Dinar and Dirham: currency used during the tirne of the prophet used during the time of the Prophet (Peaccand blessing be upon him), which rcscmblesthc 'dollar and (Peace and blessing be upon him), which resembles the 'dollar and cenL," or the 'pound and pence. cenls"or thc'pounfl and pence. ** ** Black Black and antl stripc.rt and and striped shccrsof cloth: prcciouscloth, syrnbolizing sheets of cloth: precious cloth, symbolizing Iuxury ciothesand cos{.umcs. luxury clothes and costumes.
  • 86. 84 84 and in the Hereafter.Listen to this goldenrule of and in the Hereafter. Listen to this golden rule of happinessin the words of Allah's Messenger happiness the words of Allah's Messenger (Peaceand blessingbe upon him ): (Peace and blessing be upon "Take advantage five before five: your youth "Take advantage of of before youth before your senility; your health before your before senility; health before sickness; your wealth before your poverty; sickness; wealth before poverty; your leisure before your occupation; and,your life your leisurebeforeyour occupation; and, your before death." beforeyour death." (Reported Imams Ahmad, Baihaqi and Hakim ) (Reported by Imams Ahmad, Baihaqi and Hakim) Youth, which is the prime man, shouldbe used Youth, which is the prime of man, should be used and constructivecompetition strife; in fruitful and constructive competition strife; should health, the golden opportunity in life, should health,the golden opportunity the prevention diseases;wealth,is used for the prevention of diseases; wealth, is used also an opportunity which must be used for pro- also an opportunitywhich must be used pro- tection from poverty; leisure,which is a major tection from poverty; leisure, which is a major our contemporaryworld, must be problem of our contemporary world, must be problem with a sense responsibilityand must treated with a sense of responsibility and must treated usedonly for activities which are constructive be used only for activities which are constructive be and worthwhile; and, finally, the whole life is the and worthwhile; and, finally, the whole life is the opportunity for man to make provision greatest opportunity for man to make provision greatest for the final journey into the future world, in the for the final journey into the future world, in the with the Divine Will. Hereafter in accordance with the Divine Will. Hereafterin accordance Preparation for the Day of Judgment Preparation for the Day of Judgment and the and the doesnot involve attainment of eternal happiness does not involve attainmentof eternalhappiness this worldly life. It requiresthe full the neglect of this worldly life. It requires the full the neglectof
  • 87. 85 85 exploitation and improvement our society as exploitation and improvement of our society as of well as the building of a lofty civilization based well as the building of a lofty civilizarionbased on the Divine Guidance as revealed on the Divine Guidance as revealed by Aliah by Allah unto His Messenger, Muhammad (Peace and unto His Messenger, Muhammad (Peace and blessing upon him be blessing be upon him)) .. 6. 6. A major source of discontent and unhappiness major source discontent and unhappiness is the feeling inadequacyand incapability, is the feeling of inadequacy and incapability, while opulent people enjoy the pleasures and while opulent people enjoy the pleasures and luxury life. The most effective solutionto luxury of life. The most effective solution to such a source uneasiness such a source of uneasiness and suffering is to and suffering is to forgetaboutpeoplewith highersrandard living; forget about people with higher standard of living; for if you compareyourself for if you compare yourself with such people you suchpeopleyou only incur misery. You would find solace will only incur misery. You would find solace when you dicoverthat you areendgwed when you dicover that you are endpwed with more more blessings than many orhers. blessings by Allah than many others. We have We have already been guidedto this goldenrule given by alreadybeen guided to this golden rule given ProphetMuhammad (Peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad(Peace blessings be upon and be him ) in the following words: him) the following words: "Look at thoseinferior to you, and do not look at at those inferior to you, and do look at thosesuperiorto you. Thereby,you would be able those superior you. Thereby, you would be able to appreciate appreciate better the benevolence Allah better the benevolence of of bestowed upon you." (Narrated ImamsBukhari bestowed upon you." (Narrated by Imams Bukhari and Muslim) and Muslim) On anotheroccasionthe Messenger Allah another occasion the Messenger of (Peace blessing uponhim ) said: (Peace and blessing be upon him) said: and be
  • 88. 86 86 "When any of you happens seeone on whom "When any of you happens to see one whom Allah has bestowedmore richesand a finer phy- has bestowed more riches and finer phy- sique,he shouldlook at one who is inferior to him sique, should one inferior this respect)." (Narrated Imam Bukhari) (in this respect)." (Narrated by Imam Bukhari) A Muslim is generallysatisfiedwith his lot from A generally satisfied his Allah regarding such matters which fall outside regarding such matters outside andbeyond his meansand ability.This,however, and beyond his means and ability. This, however, does not indicate any defeatist attitudeor fatalism doesnot indicateany defeatist attitude fatalism in its passive denotation; rather,a Muslim its passive denotation; rather, Muslim exercises his free will actively exerciseshis free and enjoys actively and enjoys a dynamic personality. dynamic As part his faith, personality. As part of his faith, a Muslim believes in the Dayof Judgment and in Muslim believes the Day of Judgment and which giveshim relief cases the Divine Justice which gives him relief in cases the Divine Justice wherehe finds no way to the fulfilment justice. where he finds no way to the fulfilment of justice. After all, everything this world is ephemeral After all, everything in this world is ephemeral and what mattersis not the worldly possessions and what matters is not the worldly possessions one may hold but the right preparationfor the one may hold but the right preparation for the Hereafter, in which the faithful and guided Hereafter, in which the faithful and guided believerentersinto the EternalAbode Bliss, believer enters into the Eternal Abode of Bliss, wherethereshall be no bittemessor misery.This where there shall be no bitterness or misery. This fact gives him a complete consolation and fact gives him a complete consolation and his suffering.For he is conscious relieves him of his suffering .For he is conscious relieveshim the fact that on that day justice will prevail of the fact that on that day justice will prevail of andeverybodywill be ableto receive due,and his and everybody will be able to receive his due, and no one will trespass him, wrong him or boast no one will trespass on him, wrong him or boast on overhim. This awarenesshelps a lot to protect over him. This awareness helps a lot to protect
  • 89. 87 87 man from much anxiety and uneasiness. man much anxiety and uneasiness. In mattersof religion, piety and acquisitionof matters religion, piety and acquisition knowledge,we had betterlook at thosesuperior knowledge, we had better at those superior to us in good deeds,upright behaviourand in the us good deeds, upright behaviour and the pursuit useful knowledge. pursuitof usefulknowledge. 7. Building of better understanding of things 7. Building better understanding things and getting misconceptions and supers- and getting rid of misconceptions and supers- illusions and titions deliver man from ignorance, illusions and titions deliver man from ignorance, baseless worries that spoil his tranquility and baseless worries that spoil his tranquility and happiness.On the contrary, ignorance realities happiness. the contrary,ignorance of realities enticespeopleto take wrong avenuesand draw entices people to take wrong avenues and draw ridiculesand unduesufferings. them into troubles, ridicules and undue sufferings. them into troubies, Take, instance, the case a child who Take, for instance, the case of a child who fear certaintame animals, the case develops fear of certain tame animals, or the case develops some women who get scared harmless of some women who get scared of harmless creatures even the case some men who are creatures or even the case of some men who are haunted fear bad omensor by the belief that haunted by fear of bad omens or by the belief that men are intrinsicallyevil. Such notionswould men are intrinsically evil. Such notions would undoubtedly cause the individual to behave undoubtedly cause the individual to behave and lead a very miserablelife which erroneously and lead a very miserable life which erroneously may have unwelcomeeffectson his character may have unwelcome effects on his character and and environment.They may lead to the development environment. They may lead to the development suchabnormalities depression, as anxiety,hal- of such abnormalities as depression, anxiety, hal- neurosis,psychosis, etc. lucination, schizophrenia, neurosis, psychosis, etc. lucination, schizophrenia, 8. One important step on the way to happiness is 8. One important step on the way to happiness is
  • 90. 88 88 to work towards harmonywithin oneselfand with to work towards halTI10ny within oneself and with the outward world: the family, at school,in the the outward world: in the family, at school, in the office, in societyand more generally, humanity. office, in society and more generally, in humanity. in The achievement such harmony requiresthe The achievement of such halTI10ny requires the building up one'spersonalityso as to become building up of one's personality so as to become stable, confident,consistent,flexible adaptable. stable, confident,consistent,flexible and adaptable. and Character building could be achieved Character building could be achieved by adopting the Islamic educationalsystem which adopting the Islamic educational system which helps man to acquirea balancedand soundper- helps man to acquire a balanced and sound per- sonalityand co-exist and adapthimself easily sonality and co-exist and adapt himself easily to other people and things around to other people and things around him so that he so that he could help to createa happy environment. could help to create a happy environment. 9.Accessto happinesscan also be obtained 9.Access to happiness can also be obtained through several factors necessary through several factors necessary for a suc- a suc- cessful and happy life, namely: good health, cessful and happy life, namely: good health, time, affluenceand sound(constructive) time, affluence and sound (constructive) reasoning reasoning provided,however, that these are supplemented provided, however,that these are supplemented with inner wealth throughspiritual guidance inner wealth through spiritualguidance with- out which such elements would be only a source out which suchelements would be only source and destruction. of evil and destruction. Without the inner wealth Without the inner wealth and contentment, riches and treasures of this and contentment, all riches and treasures this world would not suffice to make a man happy. would suffice make man happy. Islam takes a positive view of life with virtue Islam takes positive virtue lying not in shunningthe bountiesof Allah bur in shunning the bounties of but enjoying enjoying them within the framework of them the framework of
  • 91. 89 89 "righteous living" through which Islam seeks "righteous living" through which Islam seeks to promotehumanwelfare: to promote human welfare: "O ye who believe! Make not unlawful the "0 ye who believe! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah hath made lawful for good things which hath made you,but commit no excess: loveth not you,but commit no excess: for Allah loveth not thosegivento excess. those given to excess. "Eat the things which Allah hath provided "Eat of the things which Allah hath provided you, lawful and good;but fear Allah, Whom for you, lawful and good; but fear Allah, in Whom you believe."(Qur'an, you believe." (Qur'an, 5:87-88) 5:87-88) and emphasis the on Islam also lays a lot of stress and emphasis on the Islam also lays a stress need for simultaneous enrichment of both need simultaneous enrichment both materialand spiritualvalues be deeplyinfused material and spiritual values to be deeply infused life. into the individual's life. into the individual's 10. Social solidarityis basedon cooperation 10. Social solidarity is based on cooperation and and the presence altruism and spirit. Such the presence of altruism and civil spirit. Such elementswere never deep-rooted and force elements were never deep-rooted and in full force anywhere the world as they were the early anywhere in the world as they were in the early ideal Muslim society. That civilized and lofty ideal Muslim society. That civilized and lofty societywas a living reflection the active faith society was a living reflection of the active faith the commandments of Muslim believers and of the commandments Muslim believersand Allah and preached revealed by Allah and preached by His last revealed His last (Peace and Prophet to humanity, Muhammad (Peace and Prophet to humanity, Muhammad blessings upon him); the result, course,was blessings be upon him); the result, of course, was be prosperity and happiness. collective prosperity and happiness. collective
  • 92. 90 90 Read with me: Read with me: "Help ye one anotherin righteousness "Help ye one another in righteousness and and piety, but help ye not one another sin and piety, but help ye not one another in sin and rancour."(Qur'an, rancour." (Qur'an,5:3) 5:3) "A believer is like a brick for another believer is like a brick for another believer, one supporting other." the believer, the one supporting the other." the (Reported ImamsBukhariand Muslim) (Reported by Imams Bukhari and Muslim) "The similitude believers regarC mutual "The similitude of believers in regard to mutual to love, affection,and feilow-feelingis that one love, affection, and fellow-feeling is that of one body; when any body; when any limb of it aches, the whole body aches,the whole body aches,s ,because eof sleeplessnesse ssn d fever." a c h e b e c a u s o f sl e e p l e ssn and fever ." a (Repcrted Imams Bukhari and Muslim) (Reported by ImamsBukhariand Muslim) "None you is a perfect believeruntil he "None of you is a perfect believer until he desires his brotherbeiiever that which he de- desires for his brother believer that which he de- sires himself." (Reported ImamsRukhari sires for himself." (Reported by Imams Bukhari andMuslim) and Muslim) Musiim owessix obligations "A Muslim owes six obligations towards towards another Muslirn,namely: another Muslim, namely: 1. Wlien you nleet him, greethim 1. When you meet him, greet him by saying: Peace on you; saying: Peace be on you; be 2. When he invite-s you, you should 2. vVhen he invites you, you should acceptphis invitation;n : a c c e h i s i n vi ta ti o t 3. Whenhe solicitsyour advice, 3. When he solicits your advice, advise advise hiin sincerely; him sincerely; 4. When he sneezes andpraises 4. When he sneezes praises Allah, and Allah, respondwith supplication: May respond supplication:May Allah havemercy on you; Allah have mercy on you;
  • 93. 91 91 5. Whenhe falis sick,you should visit 5. When he falls sick, you should visit him; and, him; and, 6. When he dies, join his funeral." 6. Whenhe dies, his funeral." (Reported Imam Muslim) (Reported by Imam Muslim) "One who believes Allah and the Day "One who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment must not causehardship and inconven- Judgment must not cause hardship and inconven- ience to his neighbor; and he who believes ience to his neighbor; and he who believes in Allah and the Last Day rnusthonourhis guest. Allah and the Last Day must honour his guest, and he who believes and the Day and he who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment mustspeak well or keepquiet!" Judgment must speak well or keep quiet!" (Narrated imams Bukhariand Muslim) (Narrated by Imams Bukhari and Muslim) Omar Al-Khattatr, the secondCaliph after Omar bin AI-Khattab, the second Caliph after the death Prophet Muharnmad (Peace and the death of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings uponhim), refused eatfat andmeat be blessings be upon him), refused to eat fat and meat to until all peopiehavehad enought eat. to until all people have had enought to eat. society with suchstandards education al- and A society with such standards of education and al- truisticspirit,with suchsolidarity andharmonious truistic spirit, with such solidarity and harmonious relations, with such excellentmanners and self- re-lations, with such excellent manners and self- sacrifice, sucha societyis really a very happyone. sacrifice, such a society is really a very happy one. 11. Stability the humanpersr:nality one is 11. Stability of the human personality is one of the essential elements happiness both on the in- the essential elements of happiness both on the in- dividualand the coliectivelevels.How could we dividual and the collective levels. How could we attain a stable, well-balanced personality?Let's attain a stable, well-balanced personality? Let's
  • 94. 92 92 refer to the words Allah in the GloriousQur'an refer to the words of Allah in the Glorious Qur'an and trace some the importantconstituents and trace some of the important constituents of suchcharacter: such character: * Seeking * Seeking guidance from the Holy Qur'an: guidance from the Holy Qur'an: "Verily this Qur'andoth guide to that which is "Verily this Qur'an doth guide to that which is mostright (or stable)...."(Qura'n most right (or stable).... "(Qura'n,, 17:9) ll:9) * Forbearanceand * Forbearance and deliberation: Haste is a deliberation: Haste is a danger the stability humancharacter. to danger to the stability of human character. Man irt Man irt his hastemay unwittinglymistake evil for good. his haste may unwittingly mistake evil for good. Hasteand impatience, to failure to attainone's due Haste and impatience, due to failure to attain one's ambitionsor desires, may move one to pray for ambitions or desires, may move one to pray for evil instead of good or be contented with the evil instead good be contented with the immediate little gain and give up the greaterfuture immediate little gain and give up the greater future gain. . g a rn * child is born with an intact nature that grows * A child is born with an intactnaturethat grows in a stable upright manneruntil he/shereaches a stableupright manner until he/she reaches maturity.Deviationof the character maturity. Deviation the character takesplaceas takes place as a resultof external factors. Therefore,the Qur'an a result extemalfactors. Therefore, the Qur'an provides remedialdoses for the achievement of provides remedial doses the achievement character stability and virtuousness, character stability and virtuousness, and theand the treatment of evilsof deviationand corruption treatment evils deviation and corruption before they becomeout of control. It has made before they become out control. has made clearthe straight clear the straight path of righteousness wamed path righteousness and warned and
  • 95. 93 93 against the ways error. Moreover, hasalso against the ways of error. Moreover, it has also pointedout that man is endowedwith the faculty pointed out that man is endowed with the faculty distinguishing right from wrong. of distinguishing right from wrong. the soul, and the proportionand order "By the soul, and the proportion and order givento iU" given to it;" its enlightenmentas to its wrong and its "And its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right;" right;" "Truly he succeeds purifiesit," "Truly he succeeds that purifies it," that "And he fails that comrptsit!"(Qur'an91:7-10) "And he fails that corrupts it! "(Qur'an 91:7-10) The abovepassage draws the attention man to The above passage draws the attention of man to the role self-purificationand stabilization the role of self-purification and stabilization in the achievemen[ success the achievement of success and happiness. Man and happiness.Man shouldleam and understand his success, that pros- should learn and understand that his success, pros- perity and salvationdependon himself, on his perity and salvation depend on himself, on his keeping soul as pure as Allah hasmadeit; on his keeping his soul as pure as Allah has made it; on the otherhand,his failure,decline and perdition the other hand,his failure, decline and perdition depend his soiling his soul by choosing evil. on depend on his soilinghis soul choosing evil. * * An outstanding feature of a well-balanced outstanding feature well-balanced personality moderation all fields of life in personality is moderation in all fields is general general and in the financial field in particular. and the financialfield particular. "And render the kindredtheirduerights, as "And render to the kindred their due rights, as to (also) to thosein want, and to the wayfarer:but (also) to those want, and the wayfarer: but squander not (your wealth) in the mannerof a squander not (your wealth) the manner spendthrift." (Qur'an,17:26) spendthrift." (Qur'an, 17:26)
  • 96. 94 94 "Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard's) thy "Make not thy hand tied (like a niggard's) to thy to neck, !-rrth to its utmost reach,so neck, nor stretch it i:tlrth to its utmost reach, so stretch that thou become blameworthy and destitute." that thou become blameworthy and destitute." (Ibid, 17:29) (Ibid, 17:29) We are not to be so lavish as to make ourselves We are not to be so lavish as to make ourselves destitute and incur the just censure of wise men, destituteand incur the censure wise men, nor is becomingto keepback our resources from nor is it becoming to keep back our resources from the the just needs of those who have a right to our needs those who have a right to our help. help. * stablecharacter * A stable character keeps man away from degra- keepsman away from degra- dation and crimes, such as dation and crimes, such as lying, murder, lying, murder, suicide, adultery, drug addiction,fraud, rape, suicide, adultery, drug addiction, fraud, rape, robbery,theft, usury and other sins which are robbery, theft, usury and other sins which are in a stable personality and contradiction with a stable personality and contradiction ideprive society its stabilityandpeace. Ideprive the society of its stability and peace. the 12.Te feeling peace and security 12. The feeling of peace and security or freedomfrom fear and anxietlz. freedom from fear and anxiety. springsfrom insidethe humanmind and Happines springs from inside the human mind and Happines heart.Therefore,peace the mind and psycho- heart. Therefore, peace of the mind and psycho- iogicalsecurityplay a major role the attainment logical security playa major role in the attainment Many wealthypeoplecould not find of happiness. Many wealthy people could not find happiness. way to happiness despite the luxury they the way to happiness despite the luxury they the 'lhat is due to their iack the aforesaid enjoy. That is due to their lack of the aforesaid enjoy.
  • 97. 95 95 factor. At the sametime, many peoplewho lack factor. At the same time, many people who lack the luxury.of life enjoy such inner securityand theluxury of life enjoy such inner security and throughthis they experiencea great aeal of through this they experience a great deal of happiness. happiness. Peaceof mind and the feeling of securitycould Peace of mind and the feeling of security could be - achieved by getting rid of fear and anxiety, be achieved by getting rid of fear and inxiety, and observance peopleof their dutiesto theii by and observance by people of their duties to their Almighty Lord, moved simultaneously fear Almighty Lord, moved simultaneously by fear of by Allah and love for Him. This would mike them Allah and love for Him. This would make them keep away from all forms agression harm, keep away from all forms of agression and harm, and thus causing peace and security to prevail in thus causing peace and security to prevail society.The feeling securityis boosted the society. The feeling of security is boosted by the awareness that Allah continuously awareness that Allah continuously watches over watches over everyhuman act and behaviour. every humanact andbehaviour. "Allah ever watches overyou."(eur'an, "Allah everwatches over you."(Qur'an, 4:l) 4:1) Security may also be stablishedand stre- Security may also be stablished and stre- ngthened by mutual mercy and sympathyand ngthened mutual mercy and sympathy and caringfor sectorsof society badly in neeO of caring sectors of society badly need of protection and patronage such as orphans. protection and patronage such as orphans. Organization of family affairs helps aiso to Organization of family affairs helps also to removethe causesof anxiety.Readthe following remove the causes of anxiety. Read the following versefrom the holy Qur'anon the wife-husbani verse from the holy Qur'an on the wife-husband relationship: relationship: "...andamong His (Allah's)signs is this,that He "...and among His (Allah's) signsis this, that He
  • 98. 96 96 createdfor you mates from amongyourselves,- created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye miy dwell in tranquility with them, and that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He hasput love and mercy betweenyour (hearts): He has put love and mercy between your (hearts): verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.'' veril y in that are Signs for those who reflect." (Q u r' a n30:21) 1 ) (Qur'an, , 3 0 : 2 It is this mutual relationshipof iove, mercy and It this mutual relationship of love, mercy and affection that gives the senseof security to the affection that gives the sense security the whole family, including children whole family, including children who enjoy this enjoy this sense under the protectionof their parents'This sense under the protection their parents. This relationship ·is well-organized Islamicsociety, relationship'is well-organized in Islamic society, includingthe prescription of rightsand obligations including the prescription rights and obligations _ every member the family so that stability for every member of the family so that stability may prevail their lives. may prevail in their lives. On a larger scope,Islam laid down the foun- On a larger scope, Islam laid down the foun- dations of security and peace in society by dations bf security and peace in society by and fair rules and establishing comprehensive -andfair rules and establishing comprehensive regulations for all human affairs:moral,social, regulations for all human affairs: moral, social, military, economicand other fields of political, military, economic and other fields of po-litical, human endeavour. humanendeavour. purifiesthe soul and relieves 13. Repentance purifies the soul and relieves the 13. Repentance the human mind of the burden of human mind of the burden sin and guilt. The of sin and guilt. The aim of penitence is twofold: aim of penitence is twofold: Peace mind and carefree in this world and life Peace of mind and carefree life in this world and of everlasting bliss in the Herreafter.Repentance' everlasting bliss in the Herreafter. Repentance,
  • 99. 97 97 in its Islam ic impor t, does not involv e, as in its Islamic import, does not involve, as Christ ianity , any kind of confe ssion of sins to a Christianity, any confession sins to a pnest to any man. Islam teaches priest or to any man. Islam teaches that there are that there are no media tors or intercessors in the relationship no mediators intercessors the relationship between Allah and His servants. In fact, anyone between and His servants. fact, unyon'. - could always turn_directly to could always turn directly to Allah for help and help and forgiveness, He is too Generous forgiveness, for He is too Gener ous and Kind to and Klnd to turn you down. The Holy Qur'a n explains to us turn you down. The eur'an explainsto us how Merciful is how Merciful is Allah to us: us: "Y!.n My servantsask thee concemingMe, "When IVIyservants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the praye r of am indeedclose(to them): listen ro the frayei every suppliant when he calleth on Me: Lef tt em every supp.liant when he calleth on Me: Let them also,with a also, with a will, listen to My call, and believe in listen to call, and believe Me: that they may walk in the right way." (Qur'an, they may the right way." (eur'an, Y-.a llut 2:186) ) 2:186 "..., 0 ye Believers!Tum ye all together . --..,,O ye Believers! Turn ye all together toward toward Allah, that ye may attain Bliss." (Qur'an, 24:31) Allah, that ye may attainBliss." (eurbn, 24:31) 14.Leaming and pursuit 14. Learning and Pursuit of Knowledge open Knowledge open for man the gatew ay to succe ss and happi ness. man,the gateway to successand haippiness. Have a look at human civilization throughout Have a look at human civilization throughout history and see how know ledge improved man's history and seehow knowledgeimproved rian's life and introduced many innovations and facili- and introducedmany innovationsand facili_ ties ties for the servic e of man. But know ledge and the service man. knowledse and scienceare two-edgedweapon:they couli raise scienc e are two-e dged weapon: they could raise lofty towers but could also destroy. So lofty towers but could also destroy. So
  • 100. 98 98 knowledgemust be channelledinto the right way knowledge must be channelled into the right way that leadi to the happinessand welfare of man- that leads to the happiness and welfare of man- kind. Despite of the tremendousadvancement in kind. Despite of the tremendous advancement in human knowledge,particularly in science and human knowledge, particularly in science and technology,it iJ sad that their full utilization is technology, it is sad that their full utilization is generally geared towards oppression, trespassing generallygearedtowardsoppression, trespassing on human resources,violation and suppression 6n human resources, and suppression basic human rights, international terrorism of basic human rights, internationalterrorism and blackmail,andthe like. and blackmail,and the Constructive knowledge in general, and the Constructive knowledge general, and the knowledge of Divine Guidanceand Law in knowledge Divine Guidance and human betterment particular, pave the way for human betterment particulai, pave the way and happiness. andhappiness. knowledge,Muslims Guided by such kind of knowledge, Muslims Guided by such kind over many centuries, were able to build a over many centuries, were able to build a civilization that coveredevery aspectof human civilization that covered every aspect of human (both material and spiritual) rarely advancement (both material and spiritual) rarely advancement attained by any other civilization in history' attained by any other civilization in history. Nowadays, Muslim nation is badly in needof Nowadays, the Muslim nation is badly in need of ihe revivai in order to lead humanif" aga.in a a revival in order to lead humanit" again to a a to justice,peace, prosperltyano civilization of justice, peace, prosperity and civilization of knowledgeand happiness based on constructive knowledge and happinessbasedon constructive Divinb Guidance. On the pursuit of knowledge Divine Guidance. On the pursuit of knowledge andlearningwe readin the Holy Qur'an: and learning we read in the Holy Qur'an: "" ...but say, a my Lord! advance me in ...but Jay, O my Lord! advance me in
  • 101. 99 99 knowledge! (Qur'an, 20:114) knowledge! "" (Qur'an, lt14) 2A Proptret Muhammad (peace and blessing upon Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessing be upon be -pursuii him stressedthe importanceof the him)) stressed the importance of the pursuit ofof knowledge as a way to eternal happiness: knowledge as a way to eternal happiness: "If person follows a pain for acquiring . "If a person follows a path for acquiring knowledge, Allah will make easyrhepuriug. t5 knowledge, Allah will make easy the passage to ^tvtusilm) paradisefor him." (Narrated by Imam Muslim) paradise for him." (Narrateclby Imam Pursuitof knowledgeprovidesman with a feelins Pursuit of knowledge provides man with a feeling of-.enjoyment and pleasure. man enjoyshavin! of enjoyment and pleasure. If man enjoys having deliciousmealsfor ]ris body, he would also enjoy delicious meals for his body, he w.ouldalso enjo! more deliciousmeals knowledge) his mlni more delicious meals (of knowledge) for his mind for andsoul. and soul. 15. "Teli me who your friendsandcompanions 15. "Tell me who your friends and companions are,thenI can tell you who you are." are, then can tell you who you are." To draw the abovesaying closerto our subject To draw the above saying closer our subject matter, may say: matter, we may say: "Keep . "Keep a happy ntan company,and you will happy man company, and you become become happy." happy." It seemslike contagioushappiness that infects It seems like contagious happiness infects that -influences the environmenfof man and influences other the environment of man and other This is true because happyman is an optimistic This is true because a happy man is an optimistic a and confident person who enjoys peaceancl and confident person who enjoys peace and assuranceand triesto transmithis optimismand , assurance, and tries to transmit his optimism and cheerfulness wherever he cheerfulness wherever he goes, thereby goes, thereby
  • 102. 100 100 spreading impression delightand happiness. spreading an impression of delight andhappiness' an Moreover,when you have righteous friends you Moreover, when you have righteousfriends you acquiregood qualitiesfrom them and becom e will acquire good qualities from them andbecome equally righte ous . Righteousness, you know , is equally righGous Righteousness, knowyou an Entry Visa for the abode un Enity the abode happiness and of happiness and Allah's bounty. Allah's bounty. and self- confidenceare decisive 16. Strong will and self- confid ence are decisive 16. Strong factors for the attain ment of happiness' factors These the attainment happi ness. These factors could develop and direct factors could develop and direct the the the life of the individual towar d success and hapiness' and They are individualtoward success hapiness. They are also essen tial to overc ome the hardshipsof life also essentialto overcomethe hardsh ips and withstand odds that obstruct man's way and withs tand all odds that obstruct man'sway towards the achievement of his goals in life' towardsthe achievement his goals life,. 17. To form a hapvy social life, you should be on 17.To form a happysociallife, you should on be your family, friends good and intimate terms with your family, friends good and intimate-terms and collea gues. The buildi ng of t happy house Ind colleagues. The building a happy house depends ott the right choice of your spous e, depen ds on the right choic e of your spouse, *uint"nunce intimite and goodrelationship and maintenance of intimate and good relationship and familiarity with the bes t ways of bringing up familiarity with the bes ways bringing the children.Friends the children. Friend shouldbe selected carefully s should be selected carefully as mentioned earlier.As your as menti oned earlier. As for your colleagues, you colleagues, you shoul d treat them with tolera nce, affect ion and should treat them tolerance,affection and mutual respect. mutualrespect. "Who ever works any act of righteousness andhas "Whoeverworks any act righteousness has and
  • 103. 101 1 10 faith - his endeavour faith - his endea vour will not be rejected and We not be rejected and We shall record it in his favour." (Qur'an, 21 :94). shallrecord in his favour."(eur'an, 21:94). CONCLUSION CONC LUSI ON A timely remin der to every one appea red in a timely reminder to every one appeared a recent issue recent issue of the Reader's Diges t - sorrowful- the Reader'i Digest_ sorrowful words as those a certaintop membe. the U.S. words as those of a certai n top memb er of the U.S. Republican Repub lican Natio nal Comm ittee. He is now dead, NationalCommiitee.He is now dead, and in his prime, he was blessedwith materiai and in his prime , he was blesse d with mater ial wealth,power and prestigebut not wealth, powe r and presti ge but not with spiritual spiritual wealth.Unfortunately, message late ior him wealth. Unfor tunate ly, our messa ge is late for him our is but for the many srill aliie who mav be but for the many still alive who may be undergoing under going simila r condi tions, the words of the similar conditions, the words the honourable honou rable gentle man of the U.S. would undoubt- gentleman the U.S. wouldundoubt_ edly edly be an eye opene r (warn ing) for those who .be an eye opener(warning) thosewho are still in a quandary Thoselasi and sorrowful are still in a quand ary.. Those last and sorrowful words reveal his true inner feelings, that words reveal his true inner feelings, that despite his materialsuccess, power, wealth despit e his mater ial succe ss, i.e., power , wealth i.e., and prestige,there seemsto be absoluteEMPTI_ and presti ge, there seems to be absolu te EMPT I- NESS in his whole being which could only be NESS in his whole being which could only be experiencedthrough the knowlege exper ienced throug h the know lege of spiritual spiritual reality. his quest reality. In his quest for mater ial things,he forgot materialthings, he forgot t: dev.elophis_spiritual to devel op his spiritual nouris hment . He foigot nourishm"nt.He forgot that all worldly things are but ephem eral ind that . all world ly things are but ephemeral and transitory transitory in nature and what matters is our nature ancl what matters is our inner wealth which is more meaningful, abiding inner wealth which is more meaningful, abiding
  • 104. r02 102 and lasting. His last words are herebelow full of and lasting. His last words are herebelow frustration and uncertainty. frustrationand uncertaintY. " I know I acquired more than most. But you can know acquired more than most. you can acquire all you want and still feel acquire you want and empty' What feel empty. Whlt wouldn't I trade for a little more time with power wouldn't trade po*"t a more time my family? What price my family? What price would n't I pay for an wouldn't pay an eveni ng with friends? It took a deadly illness to evening friends? took a deadly illness put me eye to eye ^ttr. that truth, but is truth put me eye to eye with that truth, but it is a truth leam on my dime"" was countrycan learn on my dime.... I was the country can you have is your time never a religious man. All you have is your-time never a religiousman. say. Confronted with the on this earth, I used to say. Confronted on this eaft[, used to the prospect of my own end, I re-evaluated. I did prospect own end, re-evaluated' did not even know what I believed. I welcome anyone buen know what believed. welcome anyone who could tell me about his faith .... !" who couldtell me about faith.-'.!" his His His last words were very revealing but it was last wordswerevery revealing but was ......full of emptiness completely dismal failure......full completely a disma l failure a emptiness without a trace of hope of spiritu al fulfilment' It without a trace hope spiritual fulfilment. hope - all was tragic indeed, without a trace of hope - ull was tragic indeed,without a trace his times were spent solely for material wealth his timeswere spentsolely for materialwealth and leaving not an iota of spiritual nourishment. and leavingnot an iota spiritual nourishment' - the only recourse of humanity Try ISLA M - the only Try ISLAM recourse humanity for a "real"hapPiness. for a "real" happiness. ******* ***{<{<*r<
  • 105. Welcome to own religion! Welcome to your own religion! The Prophet Muhammad The Prophet Muhammad (peace be (peacE be l;,pon niq)giA: upon him) said: - "Every clhilllldl is lborn ma s~~e "JEveryenund horn ln s&ate 'lls[arn', ls ttxen,hnspanents of 'ITsll.mm' ~ ~!hlell1l~ lhuis lPsurell1l~s malkeru.m a lfew ~ a Clhunis~i.ffill1l 1T1IMlllke lumra "new, aChmstlam on Nrflagian." or a Magil.mIm." REMINDER: THOSE WHOEMBRACE REMINDER: ALL THOSE WHO EMBRACE '' REVERT TO THEIR " ISLAMACTUALLY REVERT" TO THEIR ISLAM ACTUALLY" ORTGTNAL ORIGINAL RELTGTON RELIGION ( rSLAM). ISLAM ).
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  • 107. .."2aotli11|s,=!4;+:Li (LillI a-iljl ..,t--:(Jt.-rt I -:--u ~ . ...... 'L_JIJ LJt ' I",'·;"r";r 'I" . . ~~) -.:....-J (./'"", o~ • I liai , i*l <,>~~ ....... ~I -:r...ul .. e4Al J4nl 'I'I JL.y dut* ;rsrl1 05')1) ~)I?) r~ ~ J~ eJFtJ fr.,^lt J4 r r e <,>~~ $HI ..... r")l." ~ I ~ 0l;yJ I rljQ.; ry.-yt lJj 6{+lt lut t ~ ))e ..... . ..~ -:r...ul C.a^zJl dr{Jl o <'>~ba , a'-;l =J- .......... 0L,a...) ~....y OUkj) J'-:.o:-J.n-f '1 " ,1_', , <'--l-il , <,>~~ YJ- :rr.all ._,15 o~ yl::5' V . ... 0~~1 ~~~ ~ )--)i dL{)l A f-iLeJ G-t"t <,>~~ ......... ~")l.,,~1 ;-t^;Jl U, t^J a"")L)l o~.y- ~ )~t)) ... ~~I) "-:.....J $i ;-u;r . orL+JlJ :'*,Jl ~ o~ ,.'1 ~) : )) ) 'r , ..J..jl --.-iq.Ljl a ~ +)i-l o4*i ~")l."bw~y , t ,51?"! <'>~b o~L.......Jl ~? 6>L.Jl .rarl 'I' Y <,».~.L. *-,fL r . . . . . p")l.".~ ) t 9 1L. ) 1 - Y. , r <,>...LJ> U;-ti-A ...... .. ~ -:r...u ,t i C..-.4J1 dr+Jl )~))1 y~ ...... .--rla.Jl , 0 ~) i )) tJ . - - j c $ l ..J..j "J , t~ ..:.t~ i; cljr=& ..G- , " <,>...LJ> iL:)l ~I;;""·· ',' u~, .~ V "-rJ"j :yoW)! ;lsi .. . r ")l." ~ I Y. L. p)t-)t9 t" A <,»-:-:.-L. t'-,!.-t'" ...... 9-:r...ul er -<. . -, J l rJ' , '1 q ' <,>...LJ> .1 Yl ~ ~ ~l.ul 41Jl 4JlY ,_":- 'I' • <'>~k -.s-FJ .1 ~i.ui ~ ~ ... At 11 4]ly !.j- n
  • 108. d~ I ....11~.,.6 ial Ct" II &rb « i,....r# ~ llU ~ r fuJ/1| I i;lllp » u :/u V J..:-/...,, « yL:S' V'" J ...- ". » Al *V )JS.$ q ~b pJlor irlJl r ~1.r'l;.,u:5.ill « iiptlr ~)l ~ i~l-ll 1I ~.1a.-J1 e)l+. .g.r,*Jl ~)l¥ t,r.lJ ( ir.r-llitsl'li.r;ll#[-9Jl ~ « i~l i~ i~l J,iL...)1 r ?6-r » yL:S'J ,rig.t1l$i t €pr.'i~i ;U i. / ,)I~! j,)1 t"~ ~.J l.i~ ~...H J:,u'I :,:"b.:JII~ l!gv z.'l:,5Jl l:l ,:;,y.~ ~ V" L:J I J~ j...i..:.J ~ lS',.; ~ I ~l y L;;>J I li, .;.; ~ - 1-a.; u"U'Jq Jis rti- y'lio-' ;t1.-,15-ll l;;q -, l..u. cll-,..J J,iL..)1 ~ ~! J.,.-.,1l .:,W"1 11J'"-!. nJl i-tJb ,:)t*,r JJI-)I u*-r QlJe) aUll s*l ~l ~LaJIJ ' irtJl ,,?: opl !&;.. ~! . i~l-ll I/J J)a.JI.....a.;.... tCl rl uQ ,*isrl.i.ll .r-g b{vt^S.ll i~ -Y ~J i~l-ll V--~ ~ is.;Li.l1 ~ ~ Lt~ yL::>J1 i+- -y l1i!,rirt' .. ..LlliLl ~J;"~IJ J,il)l ~..w..Ll1 ~~ hl-ll ~t J)a.:rJ Jtll .r- :r1l: .ppl 6. ;.rll tr.+-rrirLJl Jl. "-bt ~..,..a.uI.;~WI ~ ~ ~l ~ LL,r.r i~L......JI..J~ -y- :,Ji!f :rL tl.J.ci.i .r-:.clt".f, tt g irla. Jl un -, .' ~fllJ a.t_-;al l-g t{:tL{ irtr*llCi, tri.rlrJl,.,, F e*-:-*1 i* dfu- -t ~l:.J..J i~UI Cf"'" ~i V"L:JI ir ~ ~~ .;.?"i iY ~ - £. .. I. :~I' ~ iiiii,f l4,,{r t+j • ~..J iY ~..u.l ~ u". i - ! 1~iJ i~L....-l1 til.,....~! [~ ~ -0 -o df ,.4r-tl st sh+tr*;1;itirL-*Jl ely J!e*- € .:,T....,AJI •~ rl.9 il-j.Jt rl i)t-*Jl J{ Jl ilJ.rll JrL-Jl ._* ~ ~: :o;lo;i .. I hL....-ll ~ ~! ~..J.l J.t1~1 • . dl-l . C.Jl.jl*,| ~J l.:..-lIJ l ULJI g4:i;Jl:
  • 109. olt*gJl..HFJa t-;g)lulJt tr&;fuLlj u 9t5 J/oJ-a:.-, er-rjt ;g;:tJl ).4llr.*.L yi$r$ tt;-l^,*Jl;!"=U;'r:,ll r .7[5e "liLrl $ll4i allJ,ro-rt$h^.,{1J i+,il "r"+/l5rC .:l-t-cl .ooi Jti 0)*o! q J 'slhi rhT 3rl.+
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