The Truth About
The Original Sin
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The Truthaboutthe OriginalSin
      The Truth about the Original Sin

            ~ .I--UI ~~ .1_..:. II -- -
            ...
Iledlcatlon
Dedication

I dedicate this booklet to Allah.
  dedicatethis bookletta
  am     hope
I am all hope that he wil...
TPe TrH!p aMyl tPe Or{fi11ll1siJ1


I. Introduction
l. lntroduction
    Issues related to belief might seem to be sensitiv...
TPe TTY'; uhoul t6e Or{tf1lll1Sin
      fi" rfAnr, A'"r,tt*ttt,                                    @

The first is to carr...
CD
II. Why is it important to study the
ll. Why
                *The Original Sin"
    concept of "The Original Sin' in
  ...
Josh McDowel (An American evangelist) said in his book
    Josh                 American evangelist)said
"The Resurrection...
rf,crru$ alout or44*[sn
                  tfu                                  @

were imprisoned by Satan,even the prophe...
T6e Tmt6abollt t6e origiJUJIsin
      rle rrn{a6out $e or,gi*[siu                          @

for He is Oft-Returning
    ...
TVe TrH~ about tVe or{tflldlsin


including the innate Original Sin, which is rejected by
             the innate         ...
Tk TTY~Ilboyt ~e OT{ljliUJlsin


   That they rejected faith;
         they rejected            Li~('"!.~~~;J~~J
         ...
ri,e rru$a6on tio or;gi*fsiu                            @

   are under divine displeasure,,(9). Their (the Jew) iniquitie...
rh r*hahut         tk-orrtino[sL                           @


Mary tlre mother of the prophet of Allah, Jesus(PBUH).
Mary...
rle rrnri alon 4e

   crucify        and                      head;
to crucify him and put the thorns on his head; and sho...
TPe TTHtP oboHt tPe OT{I/;1I/J!S;11
     rfie rruri nlon tie

exhaustedthan         the
exhausted than would the          ...
TPe T11i~ IJbout tPe
     rle rruti alort tlt origiHIJIsin


did...) (John 4:29)
did...)(John4:29)
    b. "Ye men of Israe...
TPe TmtJ nboHt !Pc Orit!il/tl!sin
      rrterrrtlnhrn $e orioirrolsn                    . @

Vl. Who gave Satanthe Authori...
rfu rru$ofum Origim/sin
     TPe TTH!p obo1/t tit
                      !pc

say that he did not know that this man repres...
T~ TTlitP about tPe origi11ll1sin
     rie r*4ofun $t orioi*[siu                   , =@

he or she has committed. No doubt...
TPe TnttP abollt tPe Ori,flt/JIsill
       rie rru$ a6on    tfu

                               'Was
Himself or "His son, ...
rie
      T6e   T11l~ about tVe
            rru6 a6ont[teorigi1Ul1sin

    They have designateda time to persecutetlre Jew...
some of the discrepanciesthat they have as excuses for
some of the discrepancies that they have as excuses for
themselves ...
t6e
      rrterrutfia6out origina[       sin
      T6e Tr1i$ Phout tfieOr{l/il1//!sin                           @

The rel...
equal, sinceit followsfrom their veryexistence,
equal, since it follows from their very existence, from their
            ...
putting Satanin chargeof taking his soul. Therefore, three
          Satan in charge of taking his soul. Therefore, three
...
T~ Tm~ uhoUl tPe Or{ljiJUJIsin


 representingthe human side of God. If Satanhad been given
representing the human side of...
T~ TnttP 0601/t tPe
      rie rruti alou rie Or{lfiJUJIsin

punishment. How can we accept justice that poses an
 punishmen...
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Transcript of "The truth about the original sin"

  1. 1. The Truth About The Original Sin
  2. 2. ~~I aI', !hin a;!;, i+!c8|iiflil eJ+b ~~~, liUt ir";;$Tt a...u, ..A' f't VIc ~:,h ~t .-ol t V/o ddtdt ir-hjt © RbddRllahhbinn Hadit RI-Qahtani,n i ,19944 @ R b H l l a b i H a r iH t - Q a h t a | 9 9 KingFahdNational Library Cataloging-in-Publication King Fahd National Library Cataloging-in-Publication Al-Qahtani, Abd AllahHadi AI-Qahtani, Abd Allah Hadi The truth about the original sin. The truthaboutthe original sin. 32 P. . , 1 2 X 17 em. . 3 2 P 12 1 7 c m fsBN 9960 - 27 - 560 - ISBN 9960 - 27 - 560 - 4 1- Christianity 1- Christianity 1- Title l- Title 273.341 273.341 dedc 1013/15 1019/1b Legal Deposit in o . 1 0 13/115 L e g a D e p o s no. 101 3 / 5 l t ISBN: : 9 9 6 0 --227- - 5 6 0 - 4 I S B N 9960 7 560 4 #itt C rLfl+Jl A{eqr nrrrit :Cr,'!rr,,i.cJr
  3. 3. The Truthaboutthe OriginalSin The Truth about the Original Sin ~ .I--UI ~~ .1_..:. II -- - iJrUl ...-.. ifuir ~ afubill ·'1'2 uqt'u ~:i ~'hoWt ~~16 ~ 41J t~ .~ dtle*iJf gir[t u+ dlf.l4 .r ~~I d 1I,.:b;..s1 O~ ~ ~LAJI 1.loA ~ a+I€Il a+b*ll E,rdic, ilc r-rLi<tl l,i-o FISI4 . ',tl .:'n·" ;W~~I J~ ~ ~ ~Jl..aAlJI ~..u r d rra-tl LJsIt dyj rts r#{, L:SSr g4l Ol dl u.-l*r*3 sl aialt li-i O}Lta+ I Jli"t1, u1Jl""c ,~~, i;£~II~u~4 .:'O·'''J ... Atl aid!• • J,.-'JJUJI· . ~ ~ .. tl ~tl ~La ilajlJ:UJl ~ i i,-r 6l+:'JJ .r;tCl dJ+J.Jl _'- t ••... .ltl sJ€ 1r-,r*ftl I "rr i a+ 4iJ1 ~ ~....,sJI ~ ~ ~~ LA t4J~ U~ t- et+! OfSf "Ll uL.....a.a! J.S Olf EJ','.-tg dll .t pg4 FL.,J r rlc Ol ...i!rl5 u1 i~~'" 41JI.J.p-~ ~J ~ J .~~lJjJ oJjlJ Jj.:i ':I ~lJ 4lJ~1 ~ ~br:! ..,5J5f if E-ftf -r-F I 4ilJ rJtrs'liF H.dh
  4. 4. Iledlcatlon Dedication I dedicate this booklet to Allah. dedicatethis bookletta am hope I am all hope that he will accept. he accept. also dedicate I also dedicate this booklet to bookletto thosewho searchthe those who search the truth feel indebtedto the great scholar I feel indebted to the great Muslim scholar Ihn Taymiyyahfor his marpelouswork, Ibn Taymiyyah for his marvelous work, by which I was inspired to study the concept of which was inspired to the concept the Original Sin the Original Sin in Christianity. I extend my thanks to Allah who enabled me extend thanksto who enabled me to finish this work. alsothank honored to finish this work. I also thank my honored brothers: Abdullah Abu-Ishi and brothers: Dr. Abdullah Abu-Ishi and Dr. Abdurazaq Abdurazaq Sammandar aaluablesuggestions Sammandar for their valuable suggestions and corrections. for and conectians. If there good this utork, If there is any good in this work, it is from Allah. from If there If there is any wrong, it is from myself. wrong, it from myself. Abdullah Al-Kahtany Abdullah AI-Kahtany P.O. Box: 54L, Khamis Mushait, P. O. Box: 541, Khamis Mushait, Sauihi Arabia. Saudi Arabia. SecondEdition Second Edition Rabea Second, the Rabea the Second, 1417 1-4L7 August, L996. August, 1996.
  5. 5. TPe TrH!p aMyl tPe Or{fi11ll1siJ1 I. Introduction l. lntroduction Issues related to belief might seem to be sensitive to Issues related belief seem sensitive handle. However, with the advancesin communication and handle. However, with advances in communication the breaking up of cultural barriers,it becomesnecessary breaking of barriers, it becomes necessary that beliefs be investigated objectively and with an open investigated with mind. All concernedreligious scholarsand believers need to All concerned scholars believers need give a sympathetic ear to alternative positions or beliefs sympathetic offered by people ftom distant cultures seeking answersto from seeking answers resolve least various issues of universal resolve or at least clarify various issues of a universal nature, especially, if such beliefs are exported to other nature, especially, if such beliefs are exported other nations side side types merchandise. As nations side by side with all types of merchandise. governments set quality standards on imports of all types, I govemments set standards of types' think it is important to test such common values and beliefs ftink important test such common values and beliefs as well. In particular, our relation with the Christian world as particular, the Chdstian has become so close we need get acquainted has become so close that we both need to get acquainted with what each party has to contribute to the understanding of each has understanding such pressing issue. suchpressingissue. '.The Since the concept of 'The Original Sin" in Christianity Since the concept forms the cornerstone out of which a cluster of beliefs like forms the cornerstone which a cluster beliefs the godship of Jesus (PBUH)(l), crucifixion and salvation the godship Jesus (PBUHII), crucifixion and salvation have emerged, therefore, singles out as a good have emerged, therefore, it singles itself out as a good candidate to be studied. candidateto be studied. The methodologythat will be followed in this analysisof The methodology that will be followed in this analysis of "The Original Sin" involves two types of evidence. "The Original Sin" involves two types of evidence. l. PBUH standsfor peaceand blessingsof Allah be upon him (or 1. PB UH stands for peace and blessings of Allah be upon him (or them for plural.) them for plural,)
  6. 6. TPe TTY'; uhoul t6e Or{tf1lll1Sin fi" rfAnr, A'"r,tt*ttt, @ The first is to carry on the study based on all logical The first is to carry on the study based on all logical possibilities that would explain the truth of "The Original possibilities that would explain the truth of 'The Original Sin". a matter fact, the Sin". As a matter of fact, the writer depended on arguments dependedon arguments develo@ -a thirteenth century developed by Ibn Taymiyah -a thirteenth century prominent Muslim scholar(2). The second type of evidence used to scholar(2).The second type evidence used study 'oThe study 'The Original Sin" depended on drawing evidence dependedon evidence The Bible(3) from The Bible(3) itself to reveal the validity of the concept reveal the validify the concept Christianity. in Christianity. doing so, In doing so, it is ultimately left to the readers whom God ultimately the readers has bestowed with intellect that distinguishes them from has bestowed distinguishes them ftom other creatures, ponder, analyze, evaluateand then other creatures, to ponder, analyze, evaluate and then decide themselves. decide for themselves. 2. Ahmad Ibn Taymiyah al-jawab as-sahihliman badala deen al- Taymiyah al-jawab as-sahih badala deen masseh. Vol. I. (This copy does not have references to the masseh. Vol. does have references publisher nor to the year of publication) the of publication) 3. Muslims believe that God has revealed(The Torah) to hophet believe has revealed Prophet Moses (parts of what is called: The Old Testamentand (The Moses (parts of called: Testament and Injeel) to Prophet Jesus, parts of what is called The New Injeel) Jesus, of New Testament. as guidance to the,irpeople. Nevertheless, the Testament. as guidance thejr people. Nevertheless, numerous versions of Bible it difficult current numerous versions of the Bible made it difficult to decide which is the authenticated one. For more details about this issue which authenticated one. For look at: look Ezziah Ali Taha. The Methodology of Collecting the Ali The Methodology of Collecting Bible and the Sunnah:A comparativeStudv. (Dar Al-Buhuth Al- Bible Sunnah: A comparative Study. AI-Bubutb AI- Elmiyyah, Kuwait. 1987) Elmiyyah, Kuwait. Ahmad Deedat. Is the Bible God's Word? International Ahmad Deedat. Is the Bible God's Word? International PublishingHouse,(1982) P.1 Publishing House, (1982) P.1
  7. 7. CD II. Why is it important to study the ll. Why *The Original Sin" concept of "The Original Sin' in concept GhristianityP Christianity? 'oThe - Professor Jurgen Moltmann in his book: 'The Crucified hofessor Jurgen Moltmarur God" said: said: "The death of Jesus on the cross is the centre of all death of Jesus the cross the cente of Christian theology ... all Christian statements about God, theology ... statements about God, about creation, about sin and death have their focal point in about creation, about and deathhave the crucified Christ. All Christian statements about history, the Christ. All Christian statementsabout about hope stem from the crucified Christ. (4) about hope stem the Christ.(a) 'The It is evident that without the concept of 'The Original It evident the conceptof there be no need salvation Sin" there would be no need for crucifixion, salvation or atonement take place. atonement to take place. Garner Ted Armstrong, the Executive Vice-President Garner ArmsEong, the Executive Vice-President and Co-Publisher the Magazine and Co-Publisher of the Plain truth (a Christian Magazine from America, which boasts a current, free world-wide America, boasts a current, free world-wide circulation of 6 million copies a month), attempts to answer million copies a month), attempts answer puzzle under the heading: "WAS his own puzzle under the heading: "WAS THE RESURRECTION A HOAX?": RESURRECTION HOAX?'': The resurrection of Jesus Christ of Nazareth (PBUH) is The resurrection Jesus Nazareth either the supreme fact of either the supreme fact history or a flagrant, history a flagrant, deliberate fabrication foisted off the followers deliberate fabrication foisted off on the followers of Christianity(S). Christianitytt). crucihction? (Intemational 4. Ahmad Deedat. Crucifixion or crucifiction? (International 4. Ahmad Deedat. Islamic Publishing House, 1984.) P. 2. Islamic PublishingHouse, 1984.)P. 2. 5. THE PLAIN lRUTH. February 1984. (as reported in Deedat's: PLAIN TRUTH. February 1984. (as reported Deedat's: Crucifixion or Crucifiction? P. 5. Crucifixion P. 5.
  8. 8. Josh McDowel (An American evangelist) said in his book Josh American evangelist)said "The Resurrection Factor": Resurrection 'nI "I was forced to the conclusion that the resurrection of was forced the conclusion that resurrection Jesus Christ is either one of the most wicked, heartless, Jesus either one the most wicked, heartless, vicious, hoaxes ever foisted upon the minds of men, or it is vicious, hoaxes ever foisted upon the minds of men, the most fantastic fact of history.,,(6) the most fantastic of lustory."(6) controversy presentedabove among some of With all the controversy presented above among some of With the prominent American and other evangelists around the the and evzurgelists around issue of crucifixion which was thought of to be necessary to issue of was thought be necessary atone for the Original Sin, we realize the importance of atone the Sin, reahze the importance of investigating such a concept. investigating such concept. lll. How GanGod be save III. How can God be crucified to save humanityf humanity? Christians have exceeded all limits in relating injustice to Christians have exceeded relating injustice God the Almighty. They have indeed undermined God in the Almighty. have indeed undermined ways that no other nation has ever done before. In fact, has done before. away ftom praising God gloriffing they are far away from praising God or glorifying Him. they are They claim that when Adam (PBUH) ate from the forbidden when ate the forbidden ffee, became angry and directed punishment tree, God became angry and directed punishment onto him; and punishment continued and that punishment continued on Adam's. offsprings until Adam's offsprings the coming of Jesus PBUH). His crucifixion was to relieve the coming Jesus was (the generations (the generations after him from their forefather's sin. sin. Christians also claim that all the sons of Adam (PBUH) Christians also that the sons (PBUI{) 6. Josh McDowell. The Resurrection Factor. In Deedat 1984, P. 5. 6. Josh ResurrectionFactor. Deedat 1984, P. 5.
  9. 9. rf,crru$ alout or44*[sn tfu @ were imprisoned by Satan,even the prophetsof God such as, imprisoned Satan, even prophets of as, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon,et al. (PBUT). Noah, Abraham, Moses, Solomon, al. (pBUT). hand, us see Qur' an says about On the other hand, let us seewhat the Qur'an says about these respected these respected prophets:[6: 8a-86] prophets: 84-86] gave Isaac and We gave him Isaacand Yf vrr'r.r dh."J nJt+rg -:).S' Y ~J J~J 45 ~JJ (three) Jacob: all (three) We Jacob: guided: and before him, We guided: and before W JJ it' Lu-Jr jJ Q.to f-rl ~..lA ~J ,F ~~..lA I? guided Noah, and among his guided Noah, and among Y JtlJ lJ~ ~J'~ ~).) + l1 I 0l4J-'JJ :1ls *r-;'i progeny, David, Solomon, progeny, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Job, Joseph, Moses, and ~.lS'J 4JJ)lAJ ~.JtAJ ~ JtJ elJ5f .JJ.lbJ L./JA) tlufij Aaron: Thus do We reward Thus reward good. 4U u-Fi-t .l*Jt .5; ~J 'u...;fjJ .~, Iti~ those who do good. those And Zakariya and John. and John. .~L..al' ~ Jf J'lJJJ ~J ..IlUl 'y,F *ytJllc#l and Jesus and Elias: all in and Jesusand Elias: b jt u*tt ed': J=ow,t.l IbjJ ~JtJ ~'J ~~JJ the ranks of the righteous. the ranks the righteous. ..:t..J,W, Js- ~ -y.SJ .4It'Jt ob uLai xfj know that Abraham's father was a nonbeliever and We know that Abraham's father was a nonbeliever and God punish Abraham his father's grave God did not punish Abraham (PBUH) for his father's grave sin. Therefore, logically considered, would God hold him sin. Therefore, considered, God responsible for his forefather's (Adam's) sin? Furthermore, responsible his forefather's sin? Furthermore, the Christian concept The assumes that the Christian concept of The Original Sin assumes that no;t repent. However, God has declared Adam did not repent. However, God has declared that he he did repent and was granted forgiveness by Him. This is repent and was glanted forgiveness This what Allah (God) the Almighty says about Adam (PBUH): what (God) the saysabout Adam Then learnt Adam from Then learnt Adam from yl.-:9 ~WS" ~) ~ r~l ~ .;$ ot*5 d+.1 lrT ild it' his Lord certain words and his certain words and his Lord turned towards him; his I-ord turned towardshim: .~ ), yIp' JIb .ul ~ .{.*-Jl l/ly'l f 4jJqle
  10. 10. T6e Tmt6abollt t6e origiJUJIsin rle rrn{a6out $e or,gi*[siu @ for He is Oft-Returning Oft-Refurning Most Merciful. [Qur'an 2-37] lQur'an 2-37] The Christians have gone out of their way to claim that it Christians have gone it was through the one grave sins, was through the crucifixion, which is one of the grave sins, that God has saved Adam (PBUH) and his offsprings from that God has saved and hell fire. They also claim that it was through this supposed hell also that it was through supposed crucifixion that God was able to trick Satan, not crucifixion God was able ftick Satan, withstanding the fact that Satan disobeyed God and deserved Satandisobeyed and deserved punishment since the he refused prostrate punishment since the time he refused to prostrate to Adam and he misled the sin. (PBUH) and he misled him to commit the sin. In fact, God fact, had the ability to punish Satan long before the coming of had the ability Satan of Thus, one cannot help Jesus (PBUH). Thus, one cannot help but to question the Jesus question assumption as to why the sons of Adam are to be held assumption as the sons of are accounted for their forefather's mistake. (7) accounted forefather's mistake.(?) a matter fact, the of Jesus(PBUlt) As a matter of fact, the life of Jesus (pBUm is much shrouded in mystery, except for the three main years of his shrouded mystery, except three years of profltable discussthe many doubts and ministry. It is not profitable to discuss the many doubts and conjectures among the early conjectures among the early Christian sects and among sects and among Muslim scholars. The Orthodox Christian Church makesit scholars. Orthodox Christian makes it a cardinal a cardinal point of its doctrine that his life was taken on the of docffine that was taken the cross, that he died and was buried, cross, that he died and was buried, that on the third day he the he rose his wounds intact, and rose in lxxly with his wounds intact, and walked about and body about conversed, and ate disciples, and was afterwards conversed, and ate with his disciples, and was afterwards taken up heaven. necessary theological taken up bodily to heaven. This is necessary for theologlcal doctrine sacrifice and vicarious atonement sins doctrine of blood sacrifice and vicarious atonement for sins 7. Ibn Taymiyah,pp.216-217. 7. Ibn Taymiyah, pp.216-217.
  11. 11. TVe TrH~ about tVe or{tflldlsin including the innate Original Sin, which is rejected by the innate rejected Islam(8). However, some of the Islam(8). However, some of the early Christian sects sects rejected the doctrine that Jesus was killed on the cross. rejected the doctrine Jesus was the cross. Deedat in his book (Crucifixion or Crocifiction? pp. 19-38) Deedat Crocifiction? pp. 19-38) has provided numerous references to the falsity of this has numerous references the of concept. He draw most of his evidence from the Bible and concept. draw most of evidence the and other writings by Christian authorities. Christian authorities. The issue of crucifixion, as presented Christianity, issue of os presented in strengthens the of they were behind only strengthens the claims of the Jews that they were behind the Jews the crucifixion of Jesus (PBUH), that was never true. the Jesus was never true. Instead, contemplate the says about Instead, let's contemplate on what the Qur'an says about the issue of crucifixion: [Qur'an: 4:155-159] the issue crucifixion:[Qur'an:4:155-159] (They have incurred have ~t1t ~~J ~~ ~ .oJ r}LI flF: l^..i F+etior #.!fi divine displeasure): in that displeasure): that they broke their covenant; broke covenant; ~}J ~ JJu. ,~~, ~J.iiI,r Jft ,r .*rr;1r nal-i1 ilr that they rejected the Signs that they rejectedthe Signs ~lu'~~~,--!p gJe ,iltte+ ,,tr.,ili tqtle of Allah; that they slew the that they slew the Messengers in defiance of Messengers defiance .~~JiJ?~~~A right; that they said, "Our said, hearts are the Wrappings", hearts are the Wrappings", Nay, Allah hath set the seal Nay, hath set the seal on their hearts for their hearts blasphemy, and little is it blasphemy,and linle is they believe; they believe; 8. The Holy Qur' an: English translation of the meanings and 8. The Qur'pn: English translation the meanings and commentary. Translator note # 663. p.268. commentary. Translatornote 663. p.268.
  12. 12. Tk TTY~Ilboyt ~e OT{ljliUJlsin That they rejected faith; they rejected Li~('"!.~~~;J~~J Utr+f-:, FA;oJ r."r-4: that they uttered against that they uttered against "1" Mary a grave false charge; Marya grave false charge; .~ .t +b.c That they said (in boast), they said boast), 0'!' ~ ~l ul'gLi1 {pt U.t*e g*Jr W::i ul ~}J "W'e "We killed Christ Jesus the Jesusthe Lf AJ 0.;L:i AJ .i» I J~) ("'!.r rr3 0y'.5 lrr Jr-.1 .r+;r son of Mary, the Messenger son the Messenger of Allah"; But they killed Allah"; they ~.ul cJJj ~ 4*,Fr o~ yjJt ,r,1.9 ~,pJ oy!,.a n'A not, him not, nor crucified him. ~ ~ A o,;,A cl-'"' ~ +i l-.4ktl { +A tr l.l'. cJ-r,,JJ ~ '~l Only a likeness that was OnIy a likeness of that was shown to them. And those shown them. those 0# ,oj ~l t.;' ':i! do Cr oy'*it"f OSJI 1l ~ ~ etill who differ therein are full of therein are .Li* no (certain) doubts, with no (certain) doubts, knowledge. knowledge. But only conjecture to follow, for of a conjecture a surety they not.l surety they killed him not.] Nuy, raised Nay, Allah raised him up '.Y....f' ~I iJS"J 41 .irra'f., ; r;,-y Al 0rff 4J ~, 4.A!) ~ unto himself; and unto himself; and Allah is .~ t^$t exalted power, wise;- exalted in power, wise;- there none of the And there is none of the a; -,;lil !J .yu(lt J"i if oJ.l people the must people of the book but must believe beforehis believe in Him before his g+Jt J-& i"h+lt sr, # ?H death; and the death; and on the Day of .'~ .lJi{-b Judgment will be a Judgment He will be a witness againstthem. witness against them. In the Qur'anic versesabove, there is a catalogue In the Qur' arnc verses above, there is a catalogue of iniquities which the Jews were guilty, and iniquities of which the Jews were guilty, and for these these iniquitieswe mustunderstand some suchwordsas: "they iniquities we must understand some of such words as: "they
  13. 13. ri,e rru$a6on tio or;gi*fsiu @ are under divine displeasure,,(9). Their (the Jew) iniquities are under displeasure"(o).Their (the Jew) were: were: 1. that they broke their Covenant; l. that they broke Covenant; 2. that they rejected Allah's (God's) guidance as 2. that they rejected guidance as conveyed by His messengers; conveyed messengers; 3. that they killed Allah's messengers and incurred a 3. they messengersand double guilt which included murder and that of deliberate double murder and of deliberate defiance of Allah's law; and defiance and 4. they imagined themselves arrogantly self-sufficient, 4. they imagined themselvesarrogantly self-sufficient, which means a blasphemous closing of their hearts means a blasphemousclosing of hearts forever against the admission of Allah's grace. forever againstthe admissionof Allah's grace. then begins another series of iniquities from a different then begins another series of different point of view: view: 1. that they rejected faith; 1. they rejectedraith; 2. they made false chargesagainst 2. that they made false charges against a godly woman like Mary, who was chosen by Allah to be the mother of was chosen A[ah of Jesus; Jesus; 3. that they boasted of having killed Jesus when they 3. they boasted having Jesus whenthey were victims of their own self-hallucination; were self-hallucination; 4. that they hinderedpeople Allah's 4. that they hindered PeOple from Allah's way; and and means usury and fraud they oppressed 5. they by means of usury and fraud they oppressed their 5. they fellow-men. (10) fellow-men.(10) The false charge against Mary was that she was The false charge against was she was unchaste. Such a charge bad enough make against unchaste. Such a charge is bad enough to make against any woman, particularly irreverent be made against woman, but it is particularly irreverent to be made against 659, 9. They Holy Our'an, translator footnote 659, p. 266. Qur'-an, translator 10. Such dealings are prohibited the ltrk 10. Such dealings are prohibited in the Bible. Look at (Ezekeil 18:8) Nevertheless, they insist acting againstthe Gospel. 18:8) Nevertheless, they insist in acting against the Gospel.
  14. 14. rh r*hahut tk-orrtino[sL @ Mary tlre mother of the prophet of Allah, Jesus(PBUH). Mary the mother of prophet of Jesus The Jews rejected his message from the beginning by Jews rejected message ridiculing Allah's power through his exfraordinary birth (See Allah's through extraordinary (See The Holy Qur'an 17:27-28). Chastityof women is higttly Qur'an 17:27-28). Chastity of women highly respected because it is such an essential aspect of their respected because such essential aspect of dignity and honor that nobody could doubt, unlesshe or she and nobody doubt, unless she brings strong evidence,·. four eye witnesses, that she evidence, eye witnesses, she committed an unchaste act. If they failed to do so, they will an unchaste act. tf railed so, will be flogged with eighty lashes and debarred from being lashes and debarred being competent witnesses. (See the verse that about competent witnesses. (See the verse that talks about this matter in The Holy Qur'an 24:4) matter Qur'an 24:4) the Basilidansrejected Several sects of Christianity like the Basilidans rejected Several sects of Christianity of Jesus(PBUH) and believed that the issue of crucifixion of Jesus (PBUR) and believed that the issue him. some one else was substituted for him. The Docetae some one else was substituted Docetae (another sect of Christians) never had a real (another sect of Christians) held that Christ never had a real that physical natural body, an apparent phantom physical or natural body, but only an apparent or phantom body. The gospel of SL Barnabassupportedthe theory that body. The gospel of St. Barnabas supported the theory that Christ was substituted on the cross. (11) Christ was substituted the cross.{tt) Moreover, the Christians say that Christ (PBUH) was a Moreover, th€ Christians say that was a man and a god at the sametime. He man and a god at the same time. He purposelypurposelyallowed the the unbelievers crucify so Jesus(god unbelievers to crucify him; so Jesus (god to them) would trick Satan(l2). tick Satan(rz). They claim that Jesus concealed his They claim that Jesus concealed his as god, so identity as god, so that Satan would not know him. They Satan say that he allowed his foes take him, beat say that he allowed his foes to take him, beat him up and up and According to them, he also allowed them spit on his face. (13) According to them, he also allowed them spit on his face.(l3) 11. The Holy Qur'an: translator footnote # 663, p. 286. I 1. The Holy Qur'au translalor footnote # 663, p. 286. 12. Ibn Taymiyah, p. 216. 12. Ibn Taymiyah, p.216. 13. What does the Qur'an say about this? "They did not crucify him nor 13. What does the Qur'an say about this? "They did not crucify him nor did they kill him ..." did they kill him ..."
  15. 15. rle rrnri alon 4e crucify and head; to crucify him and put the thorns on his head; and showed of death. Then, started saying: the fear of death. Then, he startedsaying: "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachtani? "Eloi, sabachtani? means, 'lMy God, My God, Which means, "My God, My God, why have you have forsaken me?" (Matthew 27:46). forsaken 27:46). These words according to Christians were spoken so that These words according Christians spoken so the Devil will not know that he was "God" or "the son of will was "God" of God". Satan wants to take his soul to the hell fire as he did Satanwants take soul as to Noah, Abraham, Moses and other prophets (PBUT) and Noah, Abraham, Moses and prophets (PBUn believers. Therefore, God will argue against Satan by believers. Therefore, God will argue against Satan 'For saying, ''For what reason did you take my soul T' Satan reason take soul?" Satan saying, would reply, "Because of your sin". Then god's human side reply, "Because your sin". Thengod's human side reply: "I have sins other prophets. would reply: "I have no sins like other prophets. They had sins by which they deserve that their souls be thrown in hell sins they deservethat souls be fire." They (the Christians) also say that in this way God They (the Christians) also say that establisha pretext (evidence) punish Satan. was able to establish a pretext (evidence) to punish Satan. was able Therefore, became permissible punish Satan Therefore, it became permissible for god to punish Satan and save the children of Adam from Hell-fire. and save the children Adam Such claims are full of falsity in relating injustice to God Such claims are relating the dares speakabout such away? the Almighty. Who dares to speak about God in such away? rebukedthe knowledge God, This has indeed terribly rebuked the knowledge of God, His has indeed wisdom and justice manner. God says wisdom and justice in an unprecedented manner. God says an unprecedented in the Holy Qur'an: [Qur'an 18:109] the Qur'an: [Qur'an 18:109] Say:"If the ocean were Say: "If the ocean were ~WSJ 1.)1J.,e ~l ~lS:' J # .rt"J(J trl-rrrer.Jl j .)15 Ji ink(wherewith writeout) to ink(wherewith to write out) the wordsof my Lord, the words of my Lord, gt K rnr li J.:i ..w './-J ~ .o.1S" ..l.Q.:j ~ i # ~ 1 d r^Jt d, sooner would the ocean be sooner would the ocean be
  16. 16. TPe TTHtP oboHt tPe OT{I/;1I/J!S;11 rfie rruri nlon tie exhaustedthan the exhausted than would the tr.redr rr.+ -Jf g..l words of my Lord, even if words even if we added another ocean like added another ocean it, for its aid." aid." will go through testing these claims We will go through testing these claims in a logically a organizedmanner organized manner from several angels. severalangels. If we acceptthat Jesus(PBUH) was saying: If we accept that Jesus (PBUH) was saying: "Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachtani? and he was not lama sabachtani? and he was not telling the truth but just to the deceive Satan, he, then is accused of lying. However, deceive Satan, he, then accused However, believe a prophet Muslims believe that a prophet of God will never lie, since will never since the prophets all the prophets of God are infallible. The only other God are The other alternative is that Jesus (PBUH) did not know that he was alternative Jesus that he was ttre and this absolutely of the question., the "son of God" and this is absolutely out of the question., Therefore, we are left with the third and most probable Therefore, are Ieft the and option which is that Jesus (PBUH) was a manY4) option that Jesus was a man.(tn) lV. What the real nature Christ 1V. What is the real nature of Christ (PBUH)p (PBUH)? If Satan has taken the children of Adam for their father's If Satanhas taken the children of father's sin, then there is no difference betweenthe human nature of sin, then there differencebetween the human natureof Christ and other humans.(15) There are many placesin the and other humans.(tt) There are many places Bible where Jesus(PBUH) said that (or refened to himself) where Jesus said referred as the son of man among which: as the son of man among which: a. 'come a. "Come to see, a man who told me everything I ever see, me everything 14. Ibn Taymiyah, p.216. 14. Taymiyah, 15. .Ibid. . p . 2 1 8 . 1 5 I b i d p. 218.
  17. 17. TPe T11i~ IJbout tPe rle rruti alort tlt origiHIJIsin did...) (John 4:29) did...)(John4:29) b. "Ye men of Israeln hear these words: Jesus of "Ye men of Israel, hear these words: Jesus of Nazareth. A MAN approvedof God among you by miracles Nazareth. A MAN approved of among miracles and wonders and signs, which God did by him in the midst and wonders and signs, the of you, as ye yourselvesalso know." (Acts 2:22) of you, as yourselves also 2:22) In fact, Jesus(PBUH) was never quotedin the Bible as fact, Jesus was never quoted in as saying that he was the son of God. In addition to the saying he was the son of God. the fact that other prophets of God were referred to in the Bible as prophets of Bible as as (Psalms the sons of God as in; (Psalms 2:7) Where David was the sons Where was referred to as the son of God; referred as the son God; "He said to me, "you are my Son; today I have became said me, are Son; today have became your father" Why is not David (PBUH) considered "a son of God" considered son of also the same as Jesus has beenperceived? also in the same way as Jesus (PBUH) has been perceived? v. What is the fate of Adam's (PBUH) V. What Adam's (PBUH) proEenyP progeny? If they say that generations of people after Christ were If they say that generations peopleafterChristwere like those who came after him; how can it be that Satan was those came after can be that Satanwas allowed to take hold of the previous generations but not the take the previous generations the latter ones, although they are equally related to Adam ones, although they are equally related Adam They have also committed greatersins than those (PBUH)? They have also committed greater sins than those the prophets God before them. come Satanwas of the prophets of God before them. How come Satan was punish the preceding prophets Jesus given the chance to punish the preceding prophets to Jesus given the chance and relieving tyrants and unbelievers proceeding Jesus and relieving tyrants and unbelievers proceeding Jesus (PBUH) from punishment? (PBUH) from punishment?
  18. 18. TPe TmtJ nboHt !Pc Orit!il/tl!sin rrterrrtlnhrn $e orioirrolsn . @ Vl. Who gave Satanthe AuthorityP VI. Who gave Satan the Authority? The The claim that Satan was allowed to drive the children of Satanwas allowed the Adam into hell could only have one of the following two have one the following entailments; either what Satan has done is injustice entailments; either Satan has done injustice committed by him against the offsprings of Adam or what committed against the offsprings what ever he has done ever he has done is just. a) If such actions were just, then Satan wouldn't be a) If such actions were then Satan be blamed and there be re&son blamed and there would be no reason for Christ to prevent him from practising justice. On the contrary, Satan should practisingjustice. the contrary, Satan should granted the be granted the opportunity to take hold of those before and take of those and after Jesus (PBUH). after Jesus (PBUH). If what Satanhad beendoing were b) If what Satan had been doing were injustice and Godand did not prevent him from committing thenl before the coming them before of are faced of Christ, we are faced with two conclusions; either God conclusions; either was incapable (God forbid) of preventing such injustice or was incapable (God of preventing such He was able to stop it but He did not. If so, then there is no was able stop not. If so, then there deference had injustice been preventedin a certain time or deference had injustice been prevented certain another. another. VII. Should $atan be punishedP Vll. Should Satan be punished? If Satan had been excused, before Christ came, to take If Satan had been excused, before came, take people to hell because of their father's sin, then there is no people becauseof father's sin, then there need to persecute or even blame him. If Satan was not need persecute even blame If Satan was excused there need deceive excused then there is no needto deceivehim by holding him him responsiblefor his crimes, because deservedpersecution. responsible crimes, because he deserved persecution. If Jesus (PBUH) did not establish evidence on Satan If Jesus establish evidence Satan before crucifixion and he did not crucify hifir, Satan could before crucifixion and he him, Satan
  19. 19. rfu rru$ofum Origim/sin TPe TTH!p obo1/t tit !pc say that he did not know that this man represented the did represented human side of God; and God had permitted him to take the of him children of Adam to hell. This (Jesus)was one of them. I of (Jesus) was of them. I had no knowledge that you had beenincarnatedwith him. knowledge been incarnated with Had I known that, I would have glorified him. Therefore, I I that, I have Therefore, I am excused in doing that, so do not practise injustice excused doing so practise against me. againstme. We could assume that Satan might say therein; "Oh my assume Satan say therein; God! This is the only human that I have mistakenly taken his the human have mistakenly taken soul. However, I have the right to take the souls of people soul. However, have the take the souls of people after him (Christ) as I had it before him, due to either their as father's sin their sins". If what the Christianssay father's sin or their own sins". If what the Christians say is need anotherpretext true, then God would need another pretext to hold Satan true, then God Satan responsible for what he has done. responsible what he has done. Vlll. Was Satan$iven pcrmi$sion VIII. Was Satan given permission to deceiveP deceive? has commitleA a sin and If we say that Adam (PBUH) has committed a sin and If we say that Adam have also committed sins through Satan's his children have also committed sins through Satan's his children deception, then is it up God Satan punish them for deception, then is it up to God or Satan to punish them for person say their sins? If we think that any reasonable person would say their sins? If we that any reasonable to deceive the children Adam, that Satan has the right to deceive the children of Adam, that Satan has the then will he be granted the authority to persecutethem all then will he be granted the authority to persecute them all without God's permission? Is not this claim borrowed from without God's permission? Is not this claim borrowed from the Maguses who say that every evil sin and persecution for the Maguses who say that every evil sin and persecution for it is carried out by the Satan? God has nothing to do with it is carried out by the Satan? God has nothing to do with thesethings. He doesnot persecuteanybody for the sins that these things. He does not persecute anybody for the sins that
  20. 20. T~ TTlitP about tPe origi11ll1sin rie r*4ofun $t orioi*[siu , =@ he or she has committed. No doubt that such beliefs have she has Magus. Therefore, found their way into Christianity from Magus. Therefore, there is no evidence to support theseclaims, neither from there evidence support these claims, neither revealed books any of the disciples. So, the revealed books nor from anyof thedisciples. So, the Marinates sects of Mazdasim and Marinates sectsof Mazdasim and Christianity is basically a combination of Mazdasim and Christianity. Their leader combination of Mazdasim and Christianity, leader (Mani) was a Il)agi-Christian. Indeed the relationship was 4agi-Christian. Indeed the relationship betweenthe two religions is very strong.(16) between the religions strong.(r6) Has Satan persecuted children of Adam and sent them Has Satrn persecuted the of and sent to hell with or without the permission of God? If they the permission God? If believe that it was with the permission of God, then Satan believe that was the permissionof God, then Satan does not deserve to be persecuted; if it has not had the does deserye be persecuted; if has had permission of God, then is it fair to say that God would permission God, ttren say allow Satan to practise such injustice? If these were allowed Satan practisesuch injustice? If thesewere by God to happen at one time, then it would be allowed at happen at one time, then be allowed at all times, and vice versa. There is no difference between the times, and vice versa. There no difference betweenthe time before Jesus and the time after him. before Jesusand the time after him. lX. Could not Godstop SatanP IX. Could not God stop Satan? Could God stop Satan and persecute him without this God stop Satan and persecute this scheme (God's incarnation in a human form, in the scheme incarnation a human form, the Jesusas claimed Christians deceive Satan character of Jesus as claimed by Christians to deceive Satan character and made him think that Jesus was a man), and would it be and made that Jesuswas a man), and be right for God to do so? If the answer is negative, then God God do so? If the answeris negative, then God does not need to plot a scheme to deceive Satan and crucify does not need a scheme deceiveSatanand 16. Ibid. pp.217-218. . 1 6 .Ibid.pp. 2l7- 218
  21. 21. TPe TnttP abollt tPe Ori,flt/JIsill rie rru$ a6on tfu 'Was Himself or "His son, Jesus". Was it an obligation upon God son, Jesus". an to practise justice on Satan by stopping him from his practise Satan stopping mischievous acts? If were not, then Satan mischievous acts? If it were not, then Satan would be be permitted pennitted to operate his evil doings at all times since there is operate doings at times since there no difference between one time and another. If the between one and another. If the Christians claimed that God was incapable of stopping Christians claimed was incapable stopping Satan, then they be accusing of being powerless Satan, then they would be accusing God of being powerless forbidden) resftain Satan. Such a perception of (God forbidden) to restrain Satan. Such a perception of God considered religions as the is considered by all religions as the worst type of disbelief. of disbelief. Such a conclusion is similar to the atheists' claim that light Such a conclusion the atheists' light prevent the could not prevent the world from evil. x. X. Did God Grucifixion JesusP Did God allow the crucifixion of Jesus? How about what the disbelieving Jews have done to about the disbelieving Jews have done Christ (PBUH), by helping the Roman soldiers, as claimed, helping the Roman soldiers, as claimed, (according the Christian belieQ? (See to crucify him (according to the Christian beliet)? (See Matthew 26:47-75). Were they obeying or disobeying God 26:47-75). Were they obeying disobeying so? If they by doing so? If they were obeying God, then the Jews who obeying God, then Jews crucified Christ (PBUH) deserve a reward from God for desewe a reward their obedience, just like any other obeying believers. In obedience, any believers. fact, nearly all Christians agree that the Jews were the agree the Jews were the greatest sinnersamong men and the greatest sinners among men and the worst creatures of God. creaturesof God. Not only that, but they also curse them and would go on to also curse and would the extend of permitting the shedding of their blood.(17) the extendof permitting the sheddingof blood.(r7) 17. Let us look at what Maryam Jameelah (a fOffiler Jewish woman) 17. us Mury*t Jameelah fonner has written about the enmity Christians have against Jews. has about the Christians have against Jews. Maryam Jameelah. Islam in Theory and Practice. (H. Farooq = Maryam Jameelah. and kactice. =
  22. 22. rie T6e T11l~ about tVe rru6 a6ont[teorigi1Ul1sin They have designateda time to persecutetlre Jews at the have designated persecute the Jews days of fasting(18) commemorate the days of last days of their fasting(rE)to commemorate the days of crucifixion. Moreover, if those Jews were disobedient, Moreover, if those Jews were disobedient, Christ? If could not God prevent them from crucifying Christ? If God prevent them could not, then He would not be able to prevent Satan from not, then able prevent Satanftom oppressing the coming generations. If Godcouldprevent oppressing the coming generations. If God could prevent people from committing sins and He did not, then He was able people committingsinsand not, then was able no need such scheme deceivehim. to stop Satan with no need for such a scheme to deceive him. to stop Satan On the other hand, if the act of crucifixion were hand, if of crucifixion were approved by God, then it would be alright to give Satan the approved God, then be Satanthe the past ability to oppress the children of Adam (PBUH) in the past oppress the children and in the future. and the future. Therefore, there would have been no need for God to Therefore, there have been need deceive Satan.(19) deceiveSatan.(le) By now, we have come to realize that there is no doubt now, have come realize that there doubt that any mature person will recognize the corruption that any mature personwill recognizethe comrption has come Christianity. The purposehere has come to Christianity. The purpose here is to explain = Associates LTD. = Associates Lahore. 1983) p. 1. Lahore. 1983) p. l. "From a very early age, I wondered what I being Jewish really a age, wondered being Jewish meant. I suppose I first began to wonder when at Easter-time meant. suppose began when at Easter-time Christian classmates at school called me "Christ killer". As soon Christian classmates school called at soon as the Easter season had passed, they were miraculously as the Easter seasonhad passed, th"y were transfonned into friendly play mates for the reminder of the year. hansfomred mates the of the year. When I once asked a little Roman Catholic boy in my class Why once asked a Roman class why he did this, he said that the priest had told him to." he this, he said that the priest had bim 18. Fasting was prescribed to the Christians in the Bible as in: 18. Fasting was prescribedto the Christians the as "When you fast do not look somber as hypocrites do" Matthew fast somber as hypocrites 6:16. Who observes fasting nowadays? 6:16. observesfasting nowadays? 19. Ibn Taymiyah, p.218. 19. Taymiyah, p. 218.
  23. 23. some of the discrepanciesthat they have as excuses for some of the discrepancies that they have as excuses for themselves in order not to acceptbelieving in Allah, in His themselves in order not to accept believing in Allah, in His book (The Qur'an), prophet (Mohammed book (The Qur'an), in His prophet (Mohammed PBUH) and and religron (Al-Islam). in His religion (AI-Islam). Allah is just and does not order people to believe in or do Allafr is and does order people what they can not. God, praisebe what they can not. God, praise be to Him, has never asked has never asked people anything people for anything that is beyond their ability. It is beyond unfortunate that Christians continue attribute unspeakable unfortunate that Christians continue to attribute unspeakable injustice God. injustice to God. No believer has ever done so, before. believer has ever done so.before. Xl. How does lslam view manp XI. How does Islam view man? human being, Every human being, Islam affinns, stands to benefit affirms, stands ftom these from these divine dispensations. The road to felicity is a free dispensations. road felicity free open and open highway which anyone may tread of his own anyone of accord. accord. Everybody is innately endowed with all these rights endowed these and privileges. God has granted them to all without has granted them without discrimination. "Nature", "the earth'n, 'the heavens" all discrimination. earth", ''the heavens" belong to each and every human. each human. lndeed, God has done all this and even more! He has Indeed, has done and has implanted His own religion (Fitratr) into every human birth. religion (Fitrah) into The tme religion in innate, with which all humans are true religion in with which humans are equip@. equipped. Behind Ihe dazzling religious diversity of mankind stands the dazzling of stands an innate religion inseparable from human nature. This is innate inseparable human nature. TIlls the pnmordial religion, Ur-religion, the one and only true primordial only religion. [Qur'an: 3:19] religion. [Qur'an: 3:19]
  24. 24. t6e rrterrutfia6out origina[ sin T6e Tr1i$ Phout tfieOr{l/il1//!sin @ The religion before Allah is The religion before Allah is ~")....,'jl 1»1 J..o;- ~..ul A1 1..0J p}-,)f drr.rrsOr.rJr U,g ~1 Islam (submissionto His Islam (submission to His Will): nor did the peoPleof people of ~ ~1 y:SJ1 J1Ji ~jl, ~I dt' IJ ./l;(Jt tgi i/..iJt,-,lkzt Will): book the book dissent therefrom ~J~ t!.d'll goob b &{ ~~,~~~ .A~ crJ F.6+r except of each except through envy of each other, after knowledge had rjr 1»1 4J~ luI ~44 ~ Ur lr orj Jrrdrlli l* come to them. But if anY them. if any ..+tJt .yt....J.1 Signs of deny the Signs of Allah, Allah swift Allatt is swift in calling accounting. accounting. unless acculturation and Everyone possesses it unless acculturation and Everyone possesses indoctrination, misguidance, colruption dissuasionhave indoctrination, misguidance, corruption or dissuasion have taught him otherwise. taught otherwise. Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) said: "Every newborn child Prophet Mohammed said: newborn born on the innate nature(Islam = complete surrender to is born on the innate nature (Islam complete surrender Allah). Then his parents change him into Judaism, Then his parents change Judaism' r{20) Christianity or Magianism.,,(20) Chri stianity or Magianis*. Islam entertainsno idea "the fall of man", no Finally, Islam entertains no idea of "the fall of man", no concept of "original sin". It holds no man to stand an concept of "original sin". It holds no man to stand in an predicamentout of which he can not innate, necessary predicament out of which he can not pull innate, necessary Man, it holds, is innccent. He is born with his himself. Man, it holds, is innocent. He is born with his himself. innocence. Indeed. he is born with a thousand given innocence. Indeed, he is born with a thousand given perfection, with faculties of understanding, and an innate perfection, with faculties of understanding, and an innate sense with which to know the ffue God. In this all men are sense with which to know the true God. In this all men are 20. Kauthar M. Al-Minawi. The Child's Rights in Islam. 20. Kauthar M. AI-Minawi. The Child's Rights in Islam. Translated by Saifuddin H' Shaheen.(Safir PressnRiyadh. Translated by Saifuddin H. Shaheen. (Safir Press, Riyadh. 1992.) 1992.)
  25. 25. equal, sinceit followsfrom their veryexistence, equal, since it follows from their very existence, from their from their creation. Thisis thebasis IslamicUniversalism.(21) of creation. TItis is the basis of Islamic Universalism. (21) Xll. Conclusion XII. Conclusion To summarize, this book presentssome the possible To summarize, this book presents some of the possible logical arguments concerningthe idea the logical arguments concerning the idea of the "Original Sin" as the most important as the most important belief in Christianity on which Christianity which believes believes like crucifixion and salvation have been built. We and salvation have been we conclude summarizing conclude by summarizing all the logical possibilities in the logical possibilities regard christian beliefs around the idea regard to Christian beliefs around the idea of "The Originaloriginal Sin". Sin". 1) position assumes 1) The first position assumes that God does what ever does ever wants He wants with no wisdom, rationality or justice. Just like wisdom, justice. Just what the deterministssay. determinists say. 2) The second position assumes that God performs second assumes performs justice which is required of people (using people's justice required of people (using people's standards); as it is the claim of the fatalists. standards); as it of the fatalists. 3) The third position assumes assumes that God is all Just and He Just and is free ftom committing all forms of injustice. However, free from forms of injustice. However, His justice differs from that of His creation. justice of creation. Based on the lhree assumptions mentioned above, we Based three assumptions mentioned above, will examine the christians' belief regarding the idea of the will examine Christians' belief regarding of "Original Sin" the crucifixion of Christ (PBUH) and the of and 21. Isma'il al-Faruqi. Towardsa Critiqal World Theology. 21. Isma'il al-Faruqi. Towards a Critical World Theology. Towards Islamaizationof Disciplines. (The International Towards Islamaization of Disciplines. (The International Institute of Islamic Theology, 1989) p. 443. Institute ofIslamic Theology, 1989) p. 443.
  26. 26. putting Satanin chargeof taking his soul. Therefore, three Satan in charge of taking his soul. Therefore, three arguments will advanced account for these argumentswill be advancedto accountfor theseclaims. a. If we follow the first assumption, then God has the a. If follow assumption, has right to give Satan the power over the children of Adam and right Satan children of Adam persecute them all without any sin that they might have persecute without might have committed. So, there is no needto schemea pretext for committed. So, there need scheme Satan. Satan. b. If we take the secondassumptioninto consideration, If take the second assumption consideration, we know if one realizes that one of his servants had if one realizes one of servants had commanded another person to commit a sin that the master commanded another person that the master dislikes, it would be just for him to persecuteboth the one dislikes, it be persecute one who commanded and the one who obeyed. It would not be commanded and one obeyed. empowerthe unjust (the commandingone) punish just to empower the unjust (the commanding one) to punish the commanded one. It is not just either to empower the the commanded one. not either empower the unjust commander fiansgressagainstthe offsprings the unjust commander to transgress against the offsprings of the not participate father's sin. commanded one who did not participate in their father's sin. commanded one If we say that he has the enslavethem because If we say that he has the right to enslave them because their father had obeyed him, then he should have the right to hold father had obeyedhim, then he should have the the ancestors and the offsprings accountable. Therefore, the ancestors and the offsprings accountable. Therefore, it is not right to withdraw hisrightbydeceivinghim. If has is not right to withdraw his right by deceiving him. If has to make them responsible for their father's sins, the right to make them responsible for their father's sins, the then he is free punish them both, the forefathers and the then he is free to punish them both, the forefathers and the offsprings. offsprings. If it is said that after Satanhad taken the human side of If it is said that after Satan had taken the human side of Jesus (PBUH), he was then preventedfrom taking Adam's Jesus (PBUH), he was then prevented from taking Adam's progeny thereafter. If it were so, this sin of Satanwould be progeny thereafter. If it were so, this sin of Satan would be tlre least of all his sins, because had not known that he the least of all his sins, because he had not known that he he (Jesus (PBUH), according to the Christian believe, was (Jesus (PBUH), according to the Christian believe, was
  27. 27. T~ Tm~ uhoUl tPe Or{ljiJUJIsin representingthe human side of God. If Satanhad been given representing the human side of God. If Satan had been given the permission to enslave the offsprings of a man, then he the permission to enslave the offsprings of a man, then he would have one, thinking that he himself was from them, would have one, thinking that he himself was from thenl, but he was not from them. This mistake would not prevent but he was not from them. 1his mistake would not prevent him from enslaving the rest. So, if Satanmistakenly him from enslaving the rest. So, if Satan mistakenly took Jesus (PBUH) as a son of man, this should not prevent Jesus (PBUH) as a son of man, this should not prevent him from taking the rest. from taking the rest. c. The c. The third assumption is that the justice of God is not assumptionis that the God like that of His creatures', but rather a characteristic of His that creatures', rather a characteristic justice that He does not lessenthe merits anyone and justice is that He does not lessen the merits of anyone and does punish anybody does not punish anybody but for what he or she has what he she has committed. Therefore, it is not right for God to punish the committed. Therefore, not God punish the children Adam (PBUH) children of Adam (PBUH) for their father's sin. It is also their father's sin. also God punish the prophets not right for God to punish the prophets who have no sin, have sin, since the prophetsare since all the prophets are infallible and innocent. (22) and innocent.(22) So, if they So, if they die with no sin for which they deserve to be they deserve punished, how can they be punishedafter ttrey die for their punished, can punished they father's sin even if we assumethat he (Adam pBUH) had father's even if assume PBUH) died insisting on his sin, althoughthis is a false assumption. died insisting sin, although this false assumption. And if we also make another false assumption that fhe if also make another false assumption the prophets have sins for which they deserveto be punished prophets have sins deserve punished after death and the empowermentof Satanto punish ttlem, death the empowerment of Satan them, people who are not prophets after Jesus(PBUH) deserve people are prophets Jesus (PBUH) deserve 22. Allah says in the Holy Qur'an, "Say shall II seekfor (my) Lord 22. Allah says in the Holy Qur'an, "Say shall seek for (my) Lord other than Allah. When He is the Cherisher of all things? other than Allah. When He is the Cherisher of all things? Every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itselft no Every soul draws the meed of its acts on none but itself: no bearerof burdenedcan bear the burden of another, your return bearer of burdened can bear the burden of another, your return in the end is towards Allah: IIe will tell you the ruth of the in the end is towards Allah: He will tell you the truth of the things wherein you disputes. [6:164] things wherein you disputes. [6: 164]
  28. 28. T~ TnttP 0601/t tPe rie rruti alou rie Or{lfiJUJIsin punishment. How can we accept justice that poses an punishment. How can we accept justice that poses an illogical double standard by allowing the punishmentof the illogical double standard by allowing the punishment of the prophets and not punishing those who are subordinate to prophets and not punishing those who are subordinate to them? them? The idea of crucifixion as attributed to the theme of the of crucifixion as attributed to the theme of the "Original Sin" is not incompatibleonly with human intellect "Original Sin" incompatible only with human intellect and understandingof justice, but also is contradictory to the and understanding of justice, to the teachings of itself. Ezekiel (18:20) reads: teachingsof the Bible itself. Ezekiel (18:20) reads: ,.The soul who sins is the one who will die. The son will "The soul sins will will not share the guilt of the father, nor will the father share the share guilt of father, will share th~ guilt of the son. The righteousness the righteous man will of son. righteousness of of righteous will be credited to him, and the wickedness of the wicked will be be credited and wickednessof the will charged against him." chargedagainst My dear reader! After trying to explain the falsity of the dear reader! the of 'the idea of "the Original Sin" by using both logical arguments using botlt arguments idea (the Christian and supportive evidence from the Bible (the Christian Holy and supportive evidence from the Book), there is no doubt that such an idea was Book), there is no doubt that such an preached idea was not preached the teachingshe by Jesus (PBUH) since it contradicts with the teachings he by Jesus (PBUH) since it conffadicts brought, as is clearly iltustated in the quote ftom Ezekiel brought, as is clearly illustrated in the quote from Ezekiel above. If so, then ... above. If so, then... where did the ldea of The ori$inal sin come from? Where did the idea of The Original Sin come from?

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