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The Purpose of   Creation

The Purpose of Creation






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    The Purpose of   Creation The Purpose of Creation Document Transcript

    • 6Jirfd-a+6tf JdB ,-i.!r d)! - aj*.i jii The Purpose The Purpose Greation of Creation By By Dr.Abu Ameenah Philips Bilal Dr.Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
    • ,Jil{ltif -fllllgr lliJf The furpose lfrtu@ [fJrmr:r[fJ®~ olereation ofrGreafifflDrf
    • flil*l- d'lill fr d{liJt Thffi (f[ Til W,W D~&~ ffifi ffitr&etfrwt 1' lr ea li aD ;':")>;,' ' ·:)t<,.':;,J/,: ::::::" }~~ ': ;_,' ' ,-:::', '-';":,:. ",.. ;.:"':'y "~M":':'_, '::/C:-: "J@/ )f' By By Dr.AbuAmeenah philips Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips Bilal llirir.Crefl AIirl ..;JiJ l &i ..I+I~I ~.. d!8';, +litt C:t*llrJl l5+i irsif , A Y :y- .''''~ . . a.-1 f" Ytt y fr t :~il i-- • .'l t,. ty ., g V : . ]: ~ l AY * r . v - ' f Y Y y _,.f r t T o l ' ., V
    • @Copyright1995Dar Al Fatah © Copyright 1995 Dar Al Fatah Revised edition1997 Revised edition 1997 AII rightsreserved. portionof this book may be reproduced. No All rights reserved. No portion of this book may be reproduced. stored in a storedin a retrieval syst€n or transmified in any form by any means electronic. retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means electronic. mechanical. photocopyingrecordingor othenvise mechanical. photocopying, recording or othetWise without prior permission withoutprior permission of the copyrightowner. of the copyright owner. Dar Al Fatah Dar Al Fatah Printing, Publishing & Distribution Co. Llc. Printing, Publishing & Distribution Co. Lie. P.O.Box23424,Sharj P.O.Box 23424, Sharjap afr Tel: (9716)322305 Fax: 3225?6 Tel: (9716) 322308 // Fax: 322526 Approvedby: Ministry of Information, Approved by: Ministry of Information, UAE UAE Reference 1600,datedg.6.97 No. Reference No. 1600, dated 8.6.97 This edition was reproduced by edition reproduced bv Zalfi Foreigners' Guidance Zulli Foreigners' Guidance Office P.O. Box 182,Zulfr llg32 Saudi P.O. Box 182, Zulfi 11932 - Saudi Arabia (00966) 06-4ZZSGST Tel: (00966) 06-4225657 - Fax: (00966) 06-4224234 (00966) 06-42242}4 @cooperative Office for Call & Cuidance at Zulfi .,Zfflz @C*p"rative Office Guidance Zulli .,2002 King Fahd National LIBRARY cATAtocrNc- rN - puBUcATtoN DATA King FahdNational LIBRARY CATALOGING-IN - PUBLICATION DATA PHILIPS,8I[A[ PHILIPS, B'LAL Thc purpose of creation.-Riyadh. The purpose of creation.-Riyadh. ..-p.;..cm. •.·p·i.·em. tsEN 9960 - 864 -11 -- 1 ISBN 9960 - 864 -11 1 lI-- sIslam 2 - W o r s h i p l l a m 2-Worship tI- - iTitle T ile 210 dc 210 de ZBoSlZj 2805/23 LegalDeposit no. 2805/23 Legal Depositno. 2805/23 lsBN9960-- 864-11 -- |1 ISBN 9960 864 -11
    • fn, P"rprtt C*ttu!. ITL The Purpose ofCreation = __ l-tl "f Introduction Introduction purpose creation is a topic that puzzlesevery ffihe he purpose of creation is a topic that puzzles every T r I human being at some point in his or her lifetime. human being at some point in his or her lifetime. Everybody at sometime or anotherasksthemselves Everybody at some time or another asks themselves the question the question "Why do I exist?'~ or "For what purpose am I do exist?"or what purpose am here on earth?" here on earth?" The variefy and complexity the intricatesystems The variety and complexity of the intricate systems which constitutethe fabric both humanbeingsand the which constitute the fabric of both human beings and the world in which they exist indicate that there must have been a in which they exist indicatethat theremusthavebeena Supreme Beingwhocreated them.Designindicates designer. Supreme Being who created them. Design indicates a designer. a When human beings come across footprints on a beach, they When humanbeingscomeacrossfootprintson a beach,they immediatelyconcludethat a humanbeinghad walked by there immediately conclude that a human being had walked by there some time previously. No one imagines that the waves some time previously. one imaginesthat the waves the sea settled the sandand chanceproduced a from the -sea settled in the sand and by chance produceda depressionlooking exactly like humanfootprints. depression looking exactly like human footprints. Nor do do humans instinctively concludethat they were broughtinto humans instinctively conclude that they were brought into existencewithout a purpose. Since purposeful existence without action is purpose. Sincepurposeful action is a natural productof humanintelligence. natural product of human intelligence, lrumans humans concludethat conclude that the Supreme the Supreme IntelligentBeing who created Intelligent Being who created them must have them must have donesofor a specificpurpose. done so specific purpose. Therefore, Therefore, humanbeingsneed human beings need to know the purposefor their existencein orderto make sense the purpose existence order make sense of this life and to do what is ultimatelybeneficialfor them. of and what ultimately beneficial them. Throughoutthe ages,however, therehasbeena minority Throughout the ages, however,there has been amonghumans among humans who havedeniedtheexistence God.Matter, have denied the existence of ofGod. Matter, in their opinion, is eternaland mankindis merelya chance opinion, eternal and mankind merely chance product of accidentalcombinationsof its elements.Conse- product of accidental combinations of elements. Conse-
    • t-L The Purpose ofCreation The of Creatior,t _ quently, to them, the question "Why did God create man?" quently, to them, the question God createman?" had and still hasno answer. According them,theresimply had and still has no answer. According to them, there simply is no purpose is no purpo:;e to existence. However, the vast majority of existence.However,the vast of humankind over the ages have believed and continue to humankind over the ages have believed and continue believe in the existence of a Supreme Being who created this believe in the existence a Supreme Being who created this world a purpose. them was, and still is, impoftant world with a purpose. For them it was, and still is, important For to know about the Creator and the purpose for which He to know about the Creator and the purpose which He humanbeings. created human beings. created The Answer The Answer answerthe question To answer the question "Why did God create man?" it did God createman?" must first bedetermined from which perspective question must first be detennined from which perspective the question the is beingasked. Fromthe point view Cod would mean, is being asked. From the point of view of God it would mean, caused God createhumanbeings?" from the "What caused God to create human beings?" while from the human point view would mean human point of view it would mean "For what purposedid what purpose God createhumans?" Both pointsof represent God create humans?" Both points of view represent aspectsaspects the intriguingquestion exist?" the of the intriguing question "Why do I exist?" In the following pages, both aspects the questionwill be explored based pages, both aspects of the question will be explored based of on the clearpicturepaintedby divine revelation. This is not on the clear picture painted by divine revelation. is not a topic humanspeculation. because humanguesswork a topic for human speculation, because human guesswork cannot possiblyproducethe whole truth this matter. cannot possibly produce the whole truth in this matter. How can human beingsintellectuallydeducethe reality of their can human beings intelJectualJy deduce the reality of their existencewhen they can hardly understand how their own existence when they can hardly understand brain or its higher entity, the mind, functions? brain its higherentity,the mind, functions? Consequently, Consequently, the manyphilosophers the many philosophers who havespeculated this question who have speculated on this question on down through the ages havecome up with innumerable down through the ages have come innumerable answers, all of which are basedon assumptions answers, of which are based on assumptions which cannot which cannot
    • The Purpose ofCreation be proven.Questions this topic haveevenled a numberof be proven. Questions on this topic have even led number of philosophersto claim that we do not really exist and that the philosophers claim that not really exist and that the whole V(0rld is imaginary. For example, the Greekphilosopher whole uqorldis imaginary. example,the For Greek philosopher Plato (428-348 Be) argued that the everyday world of Plato (428-348 BC) argued tlrat the everyday of changeable things,which man comesto know by the useof changeable things, which man comes know the use of his senses, not the primary reality,but is a shadowworld his senses, is not the primary reality, but is shadow is of appearances. I Many others, as waspreviously of appearances.' Many others, was previously mentioned, as mentioned, claimed and continue to claim that thereis no purpose the claimedandcontinue claim that there is no purpose for the creation ofhumans at all. According thetrr, of at to Human existence creation humans all. According to them, Humanexistence is merelya product chatrce. Therecan be no purpose life is merely a product of chance. There can be no purpose if lifeif matterwhich only became evolved from inanimate matter which only became animate evolved from inanimate animate supposed 'cousins,'themonkey by pure luck. Humankind's supposed 'cousins,' the monkey by pure luck. Humankind's andapes not bothered with questions existence. so and apes are not bothered with questions of existence, so why are shouldhumanbeings botheredbe with them? should human beings be bothered with them? Although mostpeopleput the qrrestiori why we are Although most people put the question" of why we are asideafteroccasional brief reflection. i.sextremely created aside after occasional brief reflection, it is extremely created beings knowthe answer. to Withoutknow- critical for human beings to know the answer. Without know- criticalfor human ledge the correct answer. hutnanbeings become ledge of the correct answer. human beings become indis- indis- from the otheranimals aroundthern. Theanirnal tinguishable from the other animals around them. The animal tinguishable anddesires eating, drinkingand pro-creating necessities and desires of eating, drinking and pro-creating necessities become the purpose lrumanexistence default.and by become the purpose of human existence by default, and is thenfocusedin this limitedsphere. human effort is then focused in this limited sphere. When human efTort When developsinto the most importantgoalin material satisfaction develops into the most important goal in material satisfaction t 'fhis vierv was expressedin his book The Repuhlicthroughhis rvell I This view was expressed in his book The Republic through his well knorvn metaphor of the cave. wlrere the changin-e physical rvorld is known metaphor of the cave. where the changing physical world is caston tlrc wall ol'a caveby gravenimages (Ihe compared to shadows cast on the .all 0 r a cave by graven images (The compared to shadows New Encyciopaedia Britannica. vol.l .25. .p. .552).) . N ew EncltclopaediaBr itunnica. v o 2 5 n 5 5 2
    • ThePurpose Creation of The Purpose ofCreation tgJ life, humanexistence life, human existence becomes even more degraded than that becornes evenmoredegraded than that of the lowestofanimals. of the lowest ofanimals. Human beings wi II consistently misuse Humanbeings willconsistently misuse their Go{-givenintelligence their G04-given intelligence when they lack knowledge oftheir whenthey lackknowledge oftheir purpose of existence.The degraded purpose of existence. The degraded human mind uses its humanmind usesits abilities to create drugsandbombsand becomes abilities to create drugs and bombs and becomes engrossed in engrossed in fornication, pornography,homosexuality, fornication, pornography, homosexuality, fortunetelling, fortunetelling, suicide,etc.Without knowledge suicide, etc. Without knowledge ofthe purpose of life, human purpose life, human of existenceloses meaning all and is consequently existence loses all meaning and is consequently wasted, and wasted,and the reward an eternallife happiness the hereafter the reward of an eternal life of happiness in the hereafter is in is completelydestroyed. Therefore, is the utmostimportance completely destroyed. Therefore, it is of the utmost importance that humanbeingscorrectlyanswerthe question that human beings correctly answer the question "Why are are we here?" we here?" Humans most often turn to other humanbeings like Humans most often turn to other human beingslike themselves forthe auswers. However. only place thatclear themselves for the answers. However. the only place the that clear and preciseanswers these questions can be found is in the and precise answers to thesequestions be found is the to can books divine revelation. was necessary that God reveal books of divine revelation. It was necessary God reveal that the purpose to man throughHis prophets. because the purpose to man through His prophets. because human human beings are incapable arriving at the correct answers by beings are incapable of arrivingat the correctanswers themselves. themselves. All of the prophets God taughttlreirfollowers the prophets of God taught their followers of the answers to the question"Why did God createman?" the answers the question God create man?" Judeo-ChristianScriptures Judeo-Christian Scriptures A surveyof the Bible leavesthe honestseekerof truth survey of the leaves the honest seeker of lost. The Old Testament lost. The Testament seemsmore concerned seems more concerned with laws laws .. andthe historyof eariymanandthe Jewishpeoplethan with and the history of early man and the Jewish people than answering vital question answering the vital question concerning the concerning humaniry'screation.:! humanity's creation.l 2 In 2 Isaiahthe Israelites createdfor God's glory, "'But norv thus says Isaiah the Israelites are created tbr God's glory, .. IBut now thus says are the Lord. he who created you. 0 Jacob. he who formed you. 0 Israel: ... the Lord. he rvhocreatedyou. O .lacob.he who formedyou. O lsrael:...
    • l-L - T h ePurpose s e C r e o t i o n TI,e P u r p o ofCreation of -_ .. In Genesis, God creates the world and Adam and Eve in six ln Genesis, God creates world and Adam and Eve in six the days and 'rests' from His work on the seventh.3 days and 'rests' from His work on the seventh. J Adam and Adam and Eve disobeyGod and are punished Eve disobey God and are punished and their son Cain kills and their son Cain their othei son AbDl and goes live in the land Nod. their other son Abtl and goes to live in the land of Nod. And God was 'sorry' that he had mademan!* God was 'sorry' that he had made man!4 Why are the answers arethe answers not there in clear and unmistakable terms? Why is so much not therein clearand unmistakable terms? Why is so much symbolic.leavingthe reader guessat its of the language symbolic, leaving the reader to guess at its of the language meanings? For example,in Genesis meanings? For example, in Genesis 6:6 it is stated, "When 6:6 is stated, "When on the faceof the ground,and daughters men began to multiply on the face of the ground, and daughters men begzur were born them, the sons were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters saw that the daughters of men were fair; and they took of men were fair; and they took to wife such of them as they such them as they chose." Who are these "sons of God"? Each Jewish sect and chose."Who arethese"sons God"? EachJewishsectand the manyChristiansectswho followed them have each of the many Christian sects who followed them have each their own explanations. Which is the correct interpretation? their own explanations. Which is the correctinterpretation? The truth is that the purpose man's creationwas taught by The truth is that the purpose of man's creation was taught by of the prophets.of old, however, the prophets. of old, however, some of their followers-in some their followers-in collusion with the collusion with the devils-later changed the scriptures. The the changed scriptures. The answers became vagueandmuch the revelationwas hidden answers became vague and much of the revelation was hidden in symbolic language. When God sent Jesus Christ to the in symbolic language. When God sentJesus Christ the ''l 6'1 will say to the north. Give up. and to the south. Do not withhold: bring sayto the north.Give up" and to the south- not rvithhold:bring 7 my sons from atar and my daughters fiom the end the eafih. evervonc my sons from afar and my daughters from the end of the earth. 7 every one who is called by my name. whom I created for my glory, whom r tanned who is calledby my name. created glory, rvhom I tbrmed and made."' (Revised Vcrsion.lsaiah and made.'" (Revised Standard Version. Isaiah 43: 1. 6-7.) Standard 43:l- 6-7.) t "tAnd on the 3 •• ~ And on the seventh day God finished his work which he had done. and seventh God finishedhis rvorks,hichhe had done.and day dal from all his work u'hich he had done.iSo he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 350 he rested on the seventh God blessedthe seventhday and hallowedit. because God blessed the seventh day and hallowed it. because on it God rested on God rested fiom all his work which hc had donein creation." (RSV. Genesis 2:2-3.1 from all his work which he had done in creation:' (RSY. Genesis 2:2-3.) n 4 "And the Lord was sorry that he had made man on the earth. and it Lord was that hc had made man on the earth.and grievedhim to his heart."(RSV. Cenesis 6:6.) grieved him to his heart." (RSY. Genesis 6:6.)
    • ThePurposeof creation Tile Purpose ofCreation f Jews, he overturned tablesof thosemerchants the Jews, he overturned the tables of those merchants who had who had set up businesses insidethe temple,S he preached set up businesses inside the temple,' and he preached against and against the ritualistic interpretation the ritualistic interpretation ofthe law practiced by the Jewish oftlre law practicedby the Jewish rabbis.He reaffrnned law of Prophet the rabbis. He reaffirmed the law of Prophet Moses and revived it. Mosesandrevivedit. He taught the purpose of life to his disciples and demonstrated He taughtthe purpose life to his disciples of anddemonstrated how to fulfill it untilhislastmoments thisworld. However. how to fulfill it until his last moments in this world. However. in after his departure From this w'orld.his rnessage also after his depat1Ure from this world. his message was also was distortedby some who claimed to be among his followers. distorted by sorne who clairned be amonghis follorvers. to The clealtnrthhe brought became The clear truth he brought became vague. like the messages vague.like the messages of tlre prophetsbefore hirn.symbolisrn of the prophets before him. Symbolism was introduced, was introduced. especialll' through "Revelatiorrs" John,andthe Gospel the especially through the '''Revelations'' of John, and the Gospel which was revealed Jesus to was lost.Four othergospels which was revealed to Jesus was lost. Four other gospels conrposed menvere by chosen Athanasius,fourthcentury bv composed by men were chosen by Athanasius, a fourth century a 6 bishop.6 replace lostGospel Jesus to the bishop, to replace the lost Gospel of Jesus Christ. And the christ. And the 23 books of writings of Paul and othersincludedin the New 23 books writings Paulandothers included in the 7 Testament outnumbered Testament outnumbered eventlrefour versiolrs the gospel.T even the four versions of the gospel. of As a result, New Testament a result, Testament readers readers can'ot find precise cannot precise answersto the question answers the question "Why did God createmanT,g And did God create rnan?"s 'Luke 19:45 ( R S V ) <; Luke t 9 : 4 5(RSV). 6 The.'et, Encyclopaedia Britannir.r, vo[. l4- p. gl4. 6 The .Vew Encu-c'lop,aedia Britannica, vol. 14. p. 814. 7 7 tn tlre rnicl-4th In the mid-4th ccntur,'manuscnpt century manuscript callecl Codc Sinaiticus. Letter called C'odexSinaiticus. the Letter tl.re of Barnaba.sand the shepherd ol Hernrfl.rarc included as a part of the of Barnabas and the Shepherd a/Hernias are included as a part of the New Testament. New Testament. (Tlrc Sew Encvclopctediu (The N'ewEncyclopaedia Brirunnica.01. 14.p. gl4.) Briwnnica. lol. 14. p. 814.) t what 1 What rnaybe citedin the Kin-e.lames Versionas the purposeof creation, may be cited in the King .lanres Version as the purpose o{'crcation. Revelation II "'fhou art vonh.o Lord. ro rcceiveglory anclhonorand Revelation 4:ll "Thou art worthy, 0 Lord. III receive glor-v(Inc! honor and 4: porver:for thou hastcreatcd thin-ss. for thv pleasurethey are and power: lilr thou hast created all things. and for thy pleasure they are and all and were created."is retranslated the Rerist-'d Standard Versionas:"worthr,. were created." is retranslated in the Reised Standarcl in Version as: "Worthy art thou. our Lord and God. to reccrvcglor-rand honcur anclpog.er-. art thou, our Lord and God. lO receive glory and honour and power. fbr for thou didstcreateall things.and by thy will they existedand were created." thou didst create all things. and by thy will they existedand were created.-'
    • The Purpose of Creation The Purpose ofCreation one is forced to blindly follow the contriveddogmasof one is forced to blindly follow the contrived dogmas of whateversectthey happento belongto or adopt.The gospels whatever sect they happen to belong to or adopt. The gospels are interpreted according eachsect'sbeliefs,and the seeker are interpreted according to each secfs beliefs~ and the seeker to truth is againleft wondering,which one is correct? of truth is again left wondering~ which one is correct? The Incarnation God The Incarnation of God Perhaps only coffrmon the concept mostChristiansects to Perhaps the only common concept to most Christian sects regardingthe purpose regarding the purpose of mankind~s creation is that God mankind'screationis that God becameman so that He could die at the hands men to became man so that He could die at the hands of men to cleanse themof sin inherited from Adam and his descendants. cleanse them ofsin inherited from Adam and his descendants. Accordingtothem,thissin hadbecome greatthat no human According to them, this sin had become so great that no human so act of atonement repentance could eraseit. God is sogood act of atonement or repentance could erase it. God is so good that sinful man cannotstan'd that sinful man cannot stan'd before Him. Consequently~ only beforeHim. Consequently, God's sacrifice Himselfcould savehumankind of God's sacrifice of Himself could save humankind from sin. from sin. in this man-made myth became the Belief in this man-made myth became only source the source salvation, according the Church. Consequently~ the for salvation, according to the Church. Consequently, the Christianpurpose creationbecame recognitionof the Christian purpose of creation became the recognition of the of the 'divine sacrifice' 'divine sacrifice' andthe acceptance Jesus and the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the of Christ as the Lord God. This may be deducedfrom the followirrgwords God. This may be deduced from the following words attributed Jesus the Gospelaccording to John,"For God attributed to Jesus in the Gospel according John, in so loved the world that he Flovehis only Son, that whoever the world he gave Son. whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal lift."' believes have eternallife.,,9 ln Paul's letterto the Colossians explainsthat the rvorld was created In Paul's letter the Colossians he explains that the world was created he fbr .lesusd5 He is the imageof the invisibleGod. the first-bomof all creation: for Jesus "r5He the image of the invisible God. the first-born of creation: . r6for him in all things were created. in heaven and earth. visible amI 16for in him all thingswere created.in heavenand on earth.visible anr: invisible. rvhetherthrones or dominionsor principalitiesor authorities- invisible. whether throne's dominions or principalities or authorities- or all thingswere createdthrough him and for him."(RSV.Colossians:15). all things were created through him and for him."(RSV. Colossians |I: 15). t J o h n 3 : 1 6( R S V ) . 9 John, . 16 (RSY). 3:
    • The Purpose of Creation The of However, ifthis is the purpose of creation and the prerequisite However, is the purpose creation andthe prerequisite for everlasting why was it rrottaughtby all the prophets? life, for everlasting life, why was it not taught by all the prophets? Why did God not becomeman in the time Adam and his Why did God not become man in the time of Adam and his offspringso that all mankindwould havean equalchance offspring so that all mankind would have an equal chance to their purpose existence attaineverlasting for and fulfill their purpose for existence and attain everlasting life. life. did thosebeforeJesus'time haveanotherpurpose Or did those before Jesus' time have another purpose for existence? peopletoday whom God hasdestinednever existence? All people today whom God has destined never to hear Jesus alsohaveno chance to their supposed to hear of Jesus also have no chance to fulfill their supposed purpose creation. Sucha purpose. obviously is too limited purpose of creation. Such a purpose, is obviously too limited the need humankind. to fit the need of humankind. Everything is God Everything is God The Hindu scripfuresteachthat thereare many gods, The Hindu scriptures teach that there are many gods, incarnations gods,persons God and that everythingis of incarnations of gods, persons of God and that everything is God, Brahman. ln spite oftlre belief thatthe self(atman) God, Brahman. In spite of the belief that the self (atman) all living beingsis actuallyBrahtnan, oppressive of alJ living beings is actually Brahman, an oppressive caste an caste systemevolved in which the Brahmans, priestly caste, system evolved in which the Brahmans, the priestlycaste, tlre possess spiritualsupremacy birth.They are the teachers of possess spiritual supremacy b5r by birth. They arethe teachers the Vedas 10 and represent the ideal of ritual purity and social the Vedastj and represent ideal ritual purity and social the prestige. the other hand, the Sudra caste are excluded from On prestige. On theotherhand. Sudra the caste excluded are from religious status and their sale duty in life is "to serve meekly" I 1 religious status their soleduty in life is and sewemeekly"ll the otherthreecastes and their thousands subcastes. the other three castes and their thousands of subcastes. t" The l'eda,meaning "Knowleclge." a collective 10 The I 'eda, meaning is ·'Knowledge." is collective terrnfor revealed term (sruti: revealed (snili: heard) sacred scripturesof the Hindus. All otherworks-in which the heard) sacred scriptures of the Hindus. other works-in which the actual doctrinesand practises I-lindus encoded-are recognized actual doctrines and practises of Hindus are encoded-are recognized as of are as having being composed by human authors and are thus classed as smriti having beingcomposed humanauthorsand are thus classed smriti as (remembered). The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. p. 530.) lrememberedl.( The New EncltclopaediaBritannica, vol. 20. p. 530.) 1 ManauaDharmasastra1.9t: (The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. " Manava Dharmasastra 1.91.(The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 2 0 ,p . 5 5 3 . ) 20, p. 553.)
    • The, Purpose ofCreation fn nrp"t, pt9rta*" .. According to Hindu monist philosophers, According to Hindu monist philosophers, humankind's humankind's purpose is the realizationof their divinity and-following a purpose is the realization of their divinity and-following a path (marga) to emancipation(moksha) from the wheel of path (margq) to emancipation (moksha) from the wheel of rebirth-the reabsorbtion the human soul (atman) into the rebirth-the reabsorbtion of the human soul (atman) into the ullimate reality, Brahman For those ultimate reality, Brahman. For those following the bhakti the bhakti path,l2 the purpose is path,12 the purpose is to love God because God created loveGod because God created humankind "enjby a humankind to "enjoy a relationship-as a father enjoys his a father enjoys his (Srimad Bhagwatam). For the ordinary Hindu, the children" (Srimad Blngwatam). the ordinary the main aim of worldly lies in conformingto socialand ritual main aim ofworldly life lies in conforming to social and ritual duties, the traditional rules conduct duties, to the traditional rules of conduct for one's caste- one's caste- the karma path.r3 the karma path. 13 Although most the religion the Vedic texts, which Although most of the religion of the Vedic texts, which revolves around rituals of revolves around rituals of fire sacrifice, has been eclipsed sacrifice,has beeneclipsed Hindu docffines and practicesfound other texts, the by Hindu doctrines and practices found in other texts, the absolute authority and sacrednqss the Veda remains absolute authority and sacredness of the Veda remains a of central tenetof virtually Hindu sectsand traditions.The central tenet of virtually all Hindu sects and traditions. The Veda is composed of four collections, the oldest of which is Veda is composed four collections, oldestof which is of the the Rlgueda("Wisdom of the Verses").In thesetexts,God is the Rigveda ("Wisdom of the Verses"). these texts, God is described ~he most confusing terms. The religion reflected describedin the mostconfusingterms.The religion reflected in the Rigvedais a polytheismmainly concerned inthe Rigveda polytheism concerned with appeasing appeasing deities associated with the sky and the atmosphere, "most deities associated the sky and the atmosphere, the most the important ofwhich were Indra (god of the heavensand rain), important ofwhich were of heavens and rain), sacr~ficial Baruna (guardianof the cosmic order),Agni (the sacrificial (guardian of the cosmic order), tt The path 11 path of devotion to a personalGod in which murtis (idols) are of devotion personal murtis are worshipped with the hope of goingto krishnaloko (a spiritual planet) in worshipped with the hope of going to krishna/oka planet) in their next lives. their next lives. 1' The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 20. p. 13 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. p. 520.
    • The Purpose ofCreation The of Creotion fire), andSurya (the Sun). In later Vedic texts, interest the fire), and Surya (the Sun). In later Vedic texts, interest in the early Rigvedic gods declines,and polytheismbegins be early Rigvedic gods declines, and polytheism begins to be replaced a sacrificial pantheism replaced by a sacrificial pantheism to Prajapati (Lord of of Creatures), is the All. ln the Upanishads (secretteachings Creatures), who is the All In the Upanishads (secret teachings concerning cosrnic equations), concerning cosmic equations), Prajapati merges with the merges the concept Brahman,thesupreme reality and substance concept of Brahman, the supreme reality and substance of 'universe, the ~universe, replacing any specific personification, thus the replacingany specific personification, thus transforming the mythology into abstract philosophy. 14 If the transformingthe mytholory into abstract philosophy.'o the If contents of thesescriptureswere that human beingshad contents of these scriptures were all that human beings had choose from guidance,one would have conclude to choose from for guidance, one would have to conclude that both and the purpose creationfrom that God hid both Himself and the purpose of creation from humankind. humankind. God is not the authorof confusion,nor doesHe wish God is not the author of confusion, nor does He wish mankind.Consequently, when He revealed difficulty for mankind. Consequently, when He revealed communication huqankind one thousand His final communication to hUl1J.ankind one thousand four hundred years ago,.He that was perfectly preserved hundred years ago,.He ensured that it was perfectly preserved ensured for all of the gene~ations of human beings come. that ofthe generations human beingsto come. In that of final scripture, Qur'an (Koran),God revealed purpose final scripture, the Qur'an(Koran), God revealed His purpose the for creating mankind and, through His last propheLHe clarified creating mankindand,through last prophet. He clarified the detailswhich man coutdcornprehend. is orrthe all of the details which man could comprehend. It is on the all basis of this revelation and the prophetic basis this revelation the prophetic explanations that and explanations that we will analyze the precise we answers the question analyzethe precise answers to the question "Why did God create man?" in the coming pages. God createman?" the coming pages. tn The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. 20. pp. 529-530. 14 The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. vol. 20. pp. 529-530.
    • The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Crcation God Create? Why Did God Create? RoM THE potNT oF vtEw oF Goo, AN EvENmore ROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF GOD, AN EVEN more F fundamental question needs be asked, fundamental question needs to be asked, "Why did God create?" This questionshouldbe askedbecause God create?" This question should be asked because humankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation.God says humankind is not, in fact, the greatest creation. God says in ChapterGhaafir the final revelation: Chapter Ghaafir of the final revelation: 'c';r f /r..3' .... jki #', ...,..1-111 ~f ~~ ...,..lf1, ~ ~ /fit f ".... :r.r JP~~I~ ~~ ~} ,-r't:jis,:,r,,*Lrr .... ... ,tiJl {~~~ {brH r creation the heavensand "Indeed, the creation of the heavens and the earth is greater than the creation of mankind, but most creation most of mankind do not realize it." realize it." Qur'an 4A:57 Qur'an 40:57 The composition humanbeingsis far lesscomplex The composition of human beings is far less complex than the composition the universein which they exist. than the composition of the universe in which they exist. However, very few peoplereflect on this reatity. Because However, very few people reflect on this reality. Because of the apparent supremacy humanbeingsover the other of the apparent supremacy of human beings over the other creatures on this earth, man's journeysthrough space and the creatures this earth,man'sjourneys throughspaceand the on continued advancement their technologyand knowledge, continued advancement of their technology and knowledge, humankindin everyagebecomes arrogant considers humankind in every age becomes arrogant and considers itself and the greatestthing in this world. is worth noting that the the greatest thing in this world. It is worth noting that the humankind'samazingdiscoveries majority of humankind's amazing discoveries are not majority are not concerningthe human being, but his surroundings. concerning the human being, but his surroundings. Thus,Thus, humaneffortstend be focusedon the material rather human efforts tend to be focused on the material world rather
    • f n P r r p r t 0/ C r " t t i The, Purpose " Creation "f trlt .- than humanbeings.In this verse,God bringshumanbeings than human beings. In this verse, God brings human beings backto their actualstatusin this world. Humankindis merely back to their actual status in this world. Humankind is merely a smallpartof the existence that resultedfrom the miraculous a small part ofthe existence that resulted from the miraculous act of divine creation.Thus, in orderto understand act of divine creation. Thus, in order to understand why God why God created mankind,one first needsto answerthe even more created mankind, one first needs to answer the even more fundamental questionof why God created. fundamental question of why God created. The Creator The Creator Creation is fundamentally consequence the divine the Creation is fundamentally the consequence of the divine attribute beingthe creator. creatorwho doesnot create attribute of being the Creator. A creator who does not create is something a contradictionin terms.This is not to say is something of a contradiction in tenns. This is not to say that God needsHis creation.God is free from all needs. is that God needs His creation. God is free from all needs. It is creation which needsHim. But, as the greatness a writer creation which needs Him. But, as the greatness of a writer becomes apparent his writings, the perfectionof the divine in becomes apparent in his writings, the perfection of the divine creative attributeis manifest in creation.Creation the true creative attribute is manifest creation. Creation in the true senseis unique God alone.Although humans ascribe the sense is uniqueto God alone. Althoughhumans ascribe the act of creation themselves, act ofcreation to themselves, whatthey do is not true creation. what they not true creation. Humankind merelymanipulates Humankind merely manipulates what alreadyexists-what what already exists-what was already created by God. A table is madefrom wood was already created God. table is made wood which came from treesand is held togetherwith nails and which came trees and held together nails and screwsmadefrom metalthatcamefrom rocks.Humanbeings screws made metal that came rocks. Human beings did not makethe treesorthe rocks.In fact, all humancreations make trees or the rocks. fact, human creations can be tracedbackto basicelements can be traced back basic elements which humanscannot which humans cannot make.Eventhe artist ocreates' make. Even artist 'creates' designsbasedon what he has designs based has seen. It is not possibleto imaginewhat hasnot beenperceived seen. It is not possible to imagine what has not been perceived by the senses. by the senses. Thus,all of the artist's thoughtsare reflections Thus, all of the artist's thoughts are reflections on what was alreadycreated.Only God alone createsfrom on what was already created. Only God alone creates from
    • The Parpose of C.reation Purpose of Creation is incompreh~nsible to nothing.This basicfact was and still is incomprehEnsible nothing. This basic fact was and some. Some ancientas well as modernphilosophers, some. Someancient as as modern philosophers, who who could comprehend God could createfrom nothing, could not comprehend how God could create from nothing, claimedthatthecreated world and its contents all originally claimed that the created world and its contents are all originally are a part of GOd. 15 That is, according to them, God took a part a part of God.'t That is, according them,God took a part is This conclusion based of Himself and made the universe. This conclusion is based of Himself and madethe universe. who canonly 'create'by modiffing on comp~ngGodtoman, who can only 'create' by modifying on comparingGodtoman, what already exists. However, God,denies any such what already exists. However, God, denies any such comparisons would give comparisons which' would give Him human limitations. In humanlimitations. Chapter ash-Shooraa of the final revelation, He states: Chapterash-Shooraa the final revelation, of states: { ~~JAJ~,~ ~ ~. ""i, ~ ;.'~ __ {}*lr g;*lJr,r'ri,f br -l d' } ' . '... } "There is nothing like Him and He is the AII- "There Him All- Hearer and the All-Seer." Qur'an 42:11 Qur'an 42: 11 Thus, the act creafionis a conSequence the divine Thus, the act of creation.is a consequence of the divine as the attribute of being the Creator. God describes Himself as the attribute beingthe Creatot.God describes Creator in a variety ofverses throughout the final revelation to Creator avariety ofversesthroughout final revelation the emphasize humankind everything that belongs to alone. emphasize to humankind that everything belongs to Him alone. ts This is also Hindu belief regarding the supreme reality. Brahman. In I! This is also Hindu regardingthe supremereality. Brahman. ln the last (lOth) book of the Rigveda: in the "Hymn of the Cosmic Man" the last (lOth) book the Rr'3n'eda: thein the Cosmic Man" (Purusasukta), is said that the universewas createdout the parts (PurusasukJa), it is said that the universe was created out of the parts of the body of a singlecosmicman (Ptrrursa) rvhenhis body was burned and the body ofa single cosmic man (Purl/sa) when his body was burned and dismembered the primordial sacrifice.The tbur castesemergefrom his dismembered at the primordial sacrifice. The four castes emerge from his at body: the priest(Brahman)from the mouth.the wanior (Raianya)from the body: the priest (Brahman) from the mouth. the warrior (Rajanya) from the (Vaisya)from the thighs.and the servant(Sudra)from arms. the peasant (Vaisya) from the thighs. and the servant (Sudra) from arms. the peasant Britannica,vol. 20. p. 531). the legs. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 20. p. 53 I ). the legs.(The NewEncltclopaedia
    • l-L The Purpose ofCreation of Creation _ _ {~J ~~ JS" Js. JA J~~ Y ~~ ~l} "Allah is the Creator of all things and He is the "Allah Creator of agent on which all things depend." agent things depend." Qur'an 39:62 Qur'an 39:62 {~P~J~~IJ} tt;,;; ur;35iiii,rry "And Allah created you all and whatever you do." "And Allnh crested Qur'an 37:96 Qur'an 37:96 Man needs realizethat nothingtakesplace in this Man needs to realize that nothing takes place in this universewithout the permission God. seekprotection universe without the permission of God. To seek protection seek acquire good from any sourceother from evil or to seek to acquire good from any source other from many people than God is a major mistake. Due to ignorance, many people than God is a major mistake.Due ignorance, attempt avoid misfornrneand gain good fortune through attempt to avoid misfortune and to gain good fortune through a variety of charmsand amulets,astrology,palmistry, etc. a variety of channs and amulets, astrology, palmistry, etc. Consequently, in the final revelation, Chapter al-Falaq, God Consequently, the final revelation, Chapteral-Falaq, God informs hum~n beings to·seek refuge-in God from evil: informs humanbeingsto.seekrefugrin God from evil: ty 6? u P,q'r'tii'y} "Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the dawn, from seek Lord the evil of what He has created." of what has Qur'an n113:1-22 Qur'a I l3:1- Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good.He created Allah, God Almighty, is not evil; He is good. He created a world which evil goodcan be doneby beings whom a world in which evil or good can be done by beings to whom gavethis ability. However,no evil good can take place He gave this ability. However. no evil or good can take place in this world withoutthe permission God..Thisis why in this world without the permission of God .. This is why it is futile turn to othersbesides help and protection. is futile to turoto others besides God for help and protection. God
    • The Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creation - n7l __ {~ IJb~ ~1 r:,o~ ~ y~i La} {i' '11.,.*=.a -'t:ei 6) a '" 9i9 "" ,,~ -" "No calamity strikes except "No calamity strikes except by Allah's permission" permission" Qur'an,n64: :III Qur'a 64 l . The final prophet of God, Muhammad (~), further The final prophet God, Muhammad(ffi), furrher elaborated on this concept, saying, "Be aware that if the whole elaborated this concept,saying,"Be owore that if the whole on mankindgatheredtogetherto do something help you. of mankind gathered together to do something to help you, they only be able to do they would only be able to do somethingfor you which Alloh u,hichAllah had already written for you: Likewise. if the whole ofmankind had already writtenfor you: Likewise,f the whole of mankind gathered together to harm you, they gathered together to harm you, they would only be able to be able do something harm do something to harm you which Allah had already written Allah ,,16 tto happen to you. o happento yott."t6 The The Forgiving The Merciful, The Forgiving In the creation humankirrd, divineattributes In the creation of humankind, the divine attributes of the of forgiveness, mercyandkindness alsomanifested. Human are forgiveness, mercy and kindness are also manifested. Human beings were created good and pure with a naturalawareness beings were created good and pure a natural awareness goodandevil. The Almighty alsocreated humans desires. of good and evil. The Almighty also created in humans in desires, and gavethem an ability controlthose desires according and gave them an ability to control thosedesires according to divine law to turn them looseand follow them blindly. to divine law or to tum them loose and follow them blindly. God created mankind knowing that they would disobeyHim. God created mankindknowingthatthey would disobey Him. Consequently, Hetaughthumanbeings, Consequently, He taught human beings, beginning beginning with Adam, Adam, how to repent and therebypurifo themselves their sins. how repent and thereby purify themselves of of sins. Adam and Eve represent a patternfor all mankindto follow. Adam and Eve represent pattern a mankind 16 16 Reported by 'Abbaasand collected Reported by' Abbaas and collectedby at-Tirmithee at-Tirmi!hee and authenticated and authenticated in Saheeh. Sunan at-Tirmi!flee, vol. 2.pp. 308-9.no. 2043. in $afueefoSunan at-Tirmifuee, 2. pp. 308-9. no. 2043. vol.
    • I -^ L The Purpose 0/ Creation of Crcation U They forgot the commandment God, and Satan playedon They forgot the commandment of God, and Satanplayed on of desires. After they had disobeyed their desires. they had disobeyed God, they turnedback God, they turned back repentance, He forgavethem.In humankind's and to Him in repentance, and He forgave them. In humankind's disobedience turningback God in repentance, divine disobedience and turning backto God in repentance, the divine and the and infinite mercy become attributes of total forgiveness and infinite mercy become attributesof total forgiveness manifest. The final Prophet (~) informed his followers of this manifest. (x;) The final Prophet informedhis followers this reality, saying, "Ifyou did not commit sins and turn to Allah, reality, saying,"lf commit sins turn Allah. seeking His forgiveness, He would have replaced you with seeking forgiveness, He have another people who would sin, ask Allah's forgivenessand another people who sin, ask forgiveness He wouldforgive them. ,,17 Every one of the 114 Chapters of He would.forgive them."'t Everyone the ll4 Chapters of exceptone,begins with the prayer,"ln the final revelation, except one, begins with the prayer, "In the final revelation, the name Allah,the Beneficent Most Merciful."Allah's the the name of Allah, the Beneficent the Most Merciful." Allah's attributes mercyand forgiveness stressed encourage are to attributes of mercy and forgiveness are stressed to encourage humansnot fall into despair. matterhow greatthe sins humans not to fall into despair. No matter how great the sins may be,God can forgivethem if manturns of human beings may be, God can forgive them ifman turns humanbeings back to Him in sincere repentance. The Messenger (~) was back in sincere repentance. Messenger was The (x) quotedassaying,"When createdthe universe, made He quoted as saying, "When Allah created the universe, He made an obligation on [recordedJ documentkept by an obligation on Himself [recorded} in a document kept by Him: mercysupersedes mywrqtfr."l8He wasalsoreponed Him: My mercy supersedes my wrath." 18 He was also reported to have said,"[Allah createdJmercyv,ith one hundredparts, to have said, "[Allah created} mercy with one hundred parts. one of whichwas sentdown upan thejinn, humanbeingsand one ofwhich was sent down upon thejinn. human beings and ather beings. is out oJ'thisone that they love other living beings. It is out ofthis one part that they love eventhe animals each other, show kindness to each other and even the animals each other, showkindnessto eachother treat lheir ffipring affiction. has reservedthe treat their offspring with affection. Allah has reserved the 17 " Sohih Muslint,vol. 4. pp. 1435-6.no. 6621. reportedby Aboo Ayyoob Sahih Muslim. vol. 4. pp. 1435-6. no. 6621. reported by Aboo Ayyoob al-An~aaree. al-AnEaaree. t' Sahih Muslim, vo!. 4. p. 1437. no. 6628. reported by Aboo Hurayrah. 18 SohihMuslint,vol.4. p 1437.no,6628.reported Aboo Hurayrah. by
    • I L The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Creation _ remaining ninety-nine remammg ninety-nine parts for His true worshippers on the for His true worshipperson the Day ofResurrection. ,,19e Day of Resurr ect i on." I Had Allah wished,He could havecreated Had Allah wished, He could have created mankind like mankind like angels,incapable committingsin. However,that was not angels, incapable of committing sin. However, that was not His wish, as He had already His wish, as He had already created angels. Human beings created angels. Humanbeings were created capable makingmistakes were created capable of making mistakes and when they and when they realize their errors and seekCod's forgiveness, divine realize their errors and seek God's forgiveness, the divine the attributes mercy and forgiveness attributes of mercy and forgiveness become manifest. becomemanifest. SupremeJustice Supreme Justice In thejudgment mankindat the end this world, In the judgment of mankind at the end of this world, God's attributes supreme justiceand fairness God's attributes of supreme justice and fairness also become alsobecome manifest. Basedon His infinite knowledge, manifest. Based on His infinite knowledge, God could have God could have createdall members the humanracewho were created all members of the human race who were to live onlive on earthand immediately placedsome them in paradise and earth and immediately placed some of them in paradise and the remainder hell.Beforecreatingman,Allah alreadyknew in the remainder in hell. Before creating man, Allah already knew what choices theywould makein this life, what provision and what choices they would make in this life, what provisionand opportunities would give them, and in what state of belief opportunities He would give them,and in what state belief He of disbelief they would die. Therefore, one sense it could or disbelief they would die. Therefore, in one sense could in be said that some peoplewere created paradise be saidthat somepeople were created for paradise and others and others hell. 'Aa'ishah, of the Prophet Muhammad (~), for hell. 'Aa'ishah, wife of the ProphetMuhammad(*g), quoted him as saying,"Don't quoted him as saying, "Don't you lcnou,know that Allah created that created paradise and hell, and He crealed inhabitants for each?"2o hell, created inhabitants for each?,,20 If God had immediately If God had immediately placedthoseheaded paradise placed those headed for paradise in paradise, paradise, they would not question they would not question God's decision. God's decision. Thosein Those t n I b i d . .v o l . 4 . p 1 4 3 7 . 19 Ibid .. vol. 4. p. 1437. n o . 663 I. .reported d y A b o o H u r a y r a h . no. 6 6 3 1 r e p o r t e b Aboo Hurayrah. by t o I b i d . .v o l . 4 . p 20 Ibid .. vol. 4. p. 1 4 0 0 . o . 6 4 3 5 . 1400. n 6435. no.
    • The Purpose of Crestion The Purpose ofCreation paradise would happilyaccept everlasting of blissand paradise would happily accept an everlasting life of bliss and an life be thankful that they were not placedin helr. However,those be thankful that they were not placed in hell. However, those immediately placedin hell would askwhy. They would feel immediately placed in hell would ask why. They would feel a sense unfairness to their ignorance what theywould of due a sense ofunfaimess due to their ignorance of what they would of have done had they lived on earth. Those in hell would have done had they lived on earth.Thosein hell would relentlesslyarguethat had they beengiven a chanceto live relentlessly argue that had they been given a chance to live out their lives on earth, they would have believed and don~ out their liveson earth,they would haveberieved done and righteousdeeds. consequently, righteous deeds. Consequently, Allah allows human beings Allah allowshumanbeings to live out their Iiveson earthand makeall the choices to live out their lives on earth and make all the choices they they would havemade, thateveryone so would have made, so that everyone who enters hell will know who enters heil know that theychose by themselves. hell They that they chose hell by themselves. They will recognize God's recognize God's mercy in their lives and acknowledge their sin in rejecting mercy in their livesandacknowledge their sin in rejecting His signs andguidhnce. His signs and guidance. A.nd they will accept His judgment A'd they accept judgment His as being just and beyond reproach. However, they will still as beingjust and beyondreproach.However. they sti II beg for another beg for another chance to do good in this world. as cod says chance do good in this world, as God says to in Chapter as-Sajdaft the Qur'an: in Clrapter of the Qur'an: as-Sajdah of l-i~' ~~;.f~ ~ ~;~ r j-{ri iyr+.Jr it s; "f:} t-i;di dr'r+r'+'#;, I;...fU ~;~,~! l.S} Jf~} t rrti 6tvta,1;';; { ~A; If! ~~ ~ grti t:;;, / ~~~ ~~ / "If only you could see[the timel when the sinners "If see lthe time) when the sinners will bow their headsbefore their Lord, [sayingf, will their heads before their Lord, [saying], tour Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send 'Our Lord! We have now seen and heard, so send us back and we will do righteous deeds,Verily; we us back and we will do righteous deeds. Verily; we now believewith certaintv.' "" now believe with certainty.' Qur'an, 32: 12 Qur'an,32:12
    • Purpose of Creation The Purpose o[Crestion r However, if Allah were to sendthem backto this world However, if were send them back having forgottenwhat they hadseenof hell, they would again having forgotten whatthey had seen of hell, they again choose evil and end up in hell as before.God spokeabout choose and end as before. God spoke about this in Chapteral-An'aaml Chapter ai-An 'aam: ... '" {iJ;~~ ~!J ~ I' ... '* {iji,iJ d* w i# e iririiit'r'i'r11 • 0.1 ~ 'J~Al 'J~) JlJ} .. C/I A ~ ...... "But if they were returned [to this worldl' they "But if [to world], would certainly go backlo what was forbidden to back.to what thelD. they liars." them. Indeed thev are liars." Qur'an, 6:28 Qur'an,6:28 Divine Love God's love is manifestin beingsbroughtinto existence, God's love is manifest in beings brought into existence, disbeliever, enjoy life, if only whether believer or disbeliever, to enjoy life, if only for a whether believer a brief moment. It i~ also realized in the creation moment. is also realizedin the creation paradise of paradise thosewho chooserighteousness evil. over statesin for those who choose righteousness over evil. Allah states in that He lovesthosewho do good(5:13), the final revelation that He loves those who do good (5: 13), the final revelation (5:42),thosewho are pious(9:4), those those who are just (5:42), those who are pious (9:4), those those who are who are patient(3:146),those put their trust who are. patient (3: 146), those who put their trust in Him in repentance (3: 159), those who frequently tum to Him in repentance and (3:159), thosewho frequentlyturn to and those who puriff themselves (2:222).However, is He who those who purify themselves (2:222). However, it is He who has definedfor humanbeingsthroughthe scriptures the and has defined for human beings through the scriptures and the prophets what is good,just and pious.ConseQuently, prophets what is good, just and pious. Consequently, thosethose who follow the prophets mostbelovedto God.ln Chapter who follow the prophets are most beloved to God. In Chapter are 'lmraan, Allah instructedProphetMuhammad'(#E) say Aal 'Imraan, Allah instructed Prophet Muhammad- (~) to say to the following to the believers: the following to the believers: '"3r'-;ei"-t {~j~ ~ ~J ~ ~::;.,; ~~~ ~, ~ kJ ~ ~!} li"$;il ,rrt:hr oi7.r;r bll t&;i
    • fh" P"rprt" rf Crettir, The Purpose ofCreation WI _ 65If you really love Allah, "If you really love Allah, follow me and Allah will follow me and Allah witl you and forgive your sins." loveyou and forgive your sins." love Qur'an n3 : 3I Q u r ' a 3:31 The prophetsshould be followed not only in the The prophets should be followed not only in the compulsoryacts ordained by God, but also in their eagerness compulsory actsordainedby God, but also in their eagerness to do acts of voluntary worship. to do acts of voluntary worship. The love of God is also manifestin His mercyand The love of God is also manifest in His mercy and blessings which He grantsfo thosewho deserve blessings which He grants fo those who deserve them as well them as well as thosewho do not. But, is particurarry as those who do not. But, it is particularly manifest in His manifestin His willingnessto forgive the sins whomsoever willingness to forgive the sins of whomsoever turns to Him turnsto Him in sincererepentance. From the creation Adam and Eve, in sincere repentance. From the creation of Adam and Eve, repentancewas granted to them erasetheir sins as an repentance was granted to them to erase their sins as an example to all human beings who would follow them into example all humanbeingswho would them into this world. this world. No matterhow great humansins rnaybecome, matter how greathuman sinsmay become, the the door for sincere repentance door sincere repentance remainsopen until the lastday remains open until the last day of this world. AnasquotedAllah's Messenger as saying, (~) of this world. Anas quoted Allah's Messenger (#) as saying, "Allah. the Almighty, has said.-O son of Adam, as long as the has said: 0 son ofAdam, you call on Me and ask of Me, I will forgive what you hate you call ask ofMe, I will forgive have done, and II do not mind. O son of Adam. evenif your sins done, mind. 0 son ofAdam. even ifyour sins reachedthe cloudsandyou askedIrIyforgiveness,II witt reached clouds andyou asked My forgiveness, willforgive forgive you. O son of Adam, ,f you came to Me with sins nearly as you. 0 son ofAdam, ifyou came to Me with sins nearly as great as the earth and you met Me without giving Me partners, great as the earth andyou met Me without Me partners, II will give you a similar amountofforgiveness."2l will give you a similar amount offorgiveness. ,,21 2f 21 collected by at-Tirmithee and authenticatedin galre Collected by at-Tirmi!hee and authenticated in Sab.eeb. Sunan at- elt sunan at- Tirmilhee,vol. 3. pp. 175-6. no. 2805. Tirmifhee, vol. 3. pp. 175-6. no. 2805.
    • The Purpose ofCreation Grace Divine Grace paradise, they will not enter it solely based As forthose in pmadise, will enter solely based on their good deeds.It is the graceof God that will ultimately good deeds. It grace of will ultimately Prophetof Allah (#) said in this carry them there.The final Prophet of carry them there. The (~) said regard, "Try your best to do right, and be l*ppy. For none regard, "Try your best be happy. For none will enterparadise onlybecause hisdeeds."His companions will enterparadise only because of ofhis deeds. " companions said, "0 Messenger Allah! Not even you?" He replied,"Not said, "O Messenger of Allah! of evenyou?" He replied, "Not even I, unless Attah envelops me in His mercy and gtace.z2 even I, unless Allah envelopsme His mercy grace. 22 Allah one And bear in mind that the deed most loved by Allah is one thst the deed most done constantly, even though it is small."Z3However, God's done constantly,eventhough small. ,,23 However, arbitrary. is basedon both correct faith and grace is not arbitrary. It is based on both correct faith and grace is 'Imraan, righteous deeds. In Chapter Aal 'Imraan, Allah says: righteousdeeds. ChapterAill says: 't Jo'Hl,i ~::. I~ ~~ ,f q.Ai'p'ai y-alu. ",iI ~! ~~ ~ e#urrv : ; J ~~f ';:..s. ill f' ;J~ ~~ :;} "q {iiru r p; ,+r+ {~J~Hal ~ ;.A ~ J "Whoever brings a good deed, will have [the "Whoever brings will [the an deed value of] ten like it, and whoever brings an evil deed ofl and be punished one and they will will only be punished with one like it, and they will will not be wronged." be wronged.tt Qur'ann6 :1600 Q u r ' a 6: 1 6 WereGodtohold humankind account to strictly,no one's Were God to hold humankind to account strictly, no one's would outweightheir evil deeds. However,God good deeds would outweigh their evil deeds. However, God good deeds has manifested graceby multiplyingthe value good has manifested His grace by multiplying the value of good His deeds,while keeping evil deeds their facevalue. It is by deeds, while keeping evil deeds at their face value. It is by at 22 Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. p. 1473. no. 6765. reported by Aboo Hurayrah. 22 Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, p. 1473.no. 6765.reportedby Aboo Hurayrah. 23 " Sahih Muslim, vol. 4, pp 1473-4.no. 6770.reported by 'Aa'ishah. Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. pp. 1473-4. no. 6770. reported by "Aa'ishah.
    • The Purpose 0/ Creation - I 241 Il the graceof God that the true believersenter paradise.This the grace of God that the true believers enter Paradise. This doesnot mean that deeds have no fO,le. Deeds have a major does not meanthat deedshaveno role. Deedshavea major role, but they are not the deciding factor. God's grace role, but they are not the deciding factor. God's grace outweighsthem. outweighs them. Consequently,the creationof humanbeings,the errors Consequently, the creation of human beings, the errors that they make and the good that they do are all circumstances that they makeandthe goodthat they do are all circumstances for the manifestation of God's attributes of mercyand for the manifestation of God's attributes of mercy and forgiveness, attributeofjustice and His attributeof grace. His forgiveness, His attribute ofjustice and His attribute of grace. Humankind should not question why God choseto Humankind should not question why God chose to manifest His attributesin this way. can only be assumed manifest His attributes in this way. It can only be assumed that this was the bestway, because that this was the best way, because Allah describes Himself as describes as being the wise and the being the Most Wise and the Most Knowledgeable. Humans Knowredgeable. Humans can only understand what Allah chooses reveal them. can only understand what Allah chooses to reveal to them. to 'c'?i*# {",ia ~!~~<~~~~~} {~~ ~ lr +dr r;} "They will only encompassof His trnor"hAge what "They will encompass of knowledge what He wishes.tt wishes." Qur'an 2:255 Qur'an 2:255 Thus, theyshould not try to equatethemselves Thus, they should equate themselves with God. God. If He hastold humankind If has humankind why He decidedto do somerhing, decided something, it is not for them to questionwhy He decidedto decide.such it is not for them to question why He decided to decide. Such questionsare without end andthus beyondhuman scope.It questions are without end and thus beyond human scope. It is theywho will be questionedon the Day of Judgmentabout is they who will be questioned on the Day of Judgment about their actionsandintentions andnot He.In chapteral-Ambiyaa, their actions and intentionsand not He. In Chapter al-Ambiyaa, Allah addresses point: Allah addresses this point: this {.jU"Ji,W_6itu"t}
    • The Purpose of Creation ofCreation "He cannot be questioned as to what He does,while "IIe questioned as what does, while will.be questioned." they will be questioned." Qur'an. 21 l:23 3 Qur'an,2 :2 In this regard Prophet Muhammad (~) was reported by this regardProphetMuhammad(*) was reported 'Abbaasto have said, "Reflect on the creation ofAllah but Ibn 'Abbaas havesaid,"Reflecton the creation of AIIah do not reflect on Allah."2oTo reflect on the reality of Allah is do reflect on Allah. ,,24 reflect on the reality of Alldh is reflect on the infinite. And, as the mind boggles when to reflect on the infinite. And, as the mind boggleswhen it reflects on the of the universeandthe galaxiesand reflects on the limits of the finite universe and the galaxies and stars within it, it will be more confounded when it attempts stars it, be more confounded when attempts to understand the uncreated. The Prophet (~) warned that the the understand uncreated. The Prophet(ff) warnedthat the satanic forceswould seek introduce doubtsin the hearts satanic forces would seek to introduce doubts in the hearts questions aboutGod. of the believers by raising unanswerable questions about God. the believers raisingunanswerable by Aboo Hurayrah related that Allah' sMesseng~r (~) said, Aboo Hurayrah relatedthat Allah's Messenger said, (S) "Sstan will come everyoneof you ask: Who "Satan will come to everyone ofyou and ask: Who created this and that?-until he questions: Who created your Lord? this that?-until he questions; Whocreated Wen he comes that, one should seekrefuge When he comes to that, one should seek refuge in Allah [say: fsay: I ffirm my faith in and HisprophetsJ25 avoid 1 affirm my faith in Allah and His prophets)25 and avoid and [such thoaghts]. ,,26 [such thofrghtsJ."26 ta Collected by Aboo NU}liym in gl-lf.ilyah and authenticated by al- 24 Collected by Aboo Nugym inql-Hiah and authenticated al- by Albaanee in Silsilah al-A!l.aadeeth a~-S.a!l.eebah, vol. 4. p. 12. no. 1788. Albaanee in Silsilahal-Aftaadeeth as--Sakeehah, 4. p 12. no. | 788, vol. 'Umar collectedby ag-Jabamanee There is also a similar narrationfiom Ibn There is also a similar narration from Ibn 'Umar collected bya!-Iabaraanee in al-Awsaland al-Bayhaqee .Sftu'ab in al-Awsa{ and al-Bayhaqee in Shu 'ab al-Eemaan. in al-Eemaan. 25 SahihMttslim,vol. l- p 77. nos.242 &.2,43. 25 Sahih Muslim, vol. L p. 77. nos. 242 & 243. 'u lbid., vol. l, p. 77. no. 244 andSahihAl-BuWnri, vol. 4, p. 320, no, 496. 26 Ibid., vol. 1, p. 77. no. 244 and Sahih AI-Bukhari, vol. 4, p. 320~ no. 496.
    • rt The Purpose of Creation ofCreation il Why Did God Create Mankind? God Create RO~ TF{E PERSPECTTVE HUMANKIND, noM THE PERSPECTIVE OF HUMANKIND, THE F T.t I F{ qUESTION what purpose did God createman?" implies QUESTION "Why did God create man?" implies "For wasman created?" the final revelation, ln what purpose was man created?" In the final revelation, this question is answered without any ambiguity.Humans this question is answered without any ambiguity. Humans informed God that every humanbeing is born are first informed by God that every human being is born are with an innate consciousness of God. In Chapter al-A 'raq/~ an innateconsciousness God. Chapteral-A'raq/: of Allah said: Allah said: ~ itA¥) ~~~ ~?~ ~ ~;~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~!)} JF:qli; ilJrl e:*b i;; .F b {; ;;f i11} ~ It' ~lii, '. , i. ~:: ~i lr -~ i: i .l . ~~, ~- · 'i·'fi;;i ~' - r'rlfbf ~~ ii'i &t U*ti ~fi ei *l y[ilr ~Jt y~ *y -,r,. r-l:............,~. y ',.-'^{r::t g', ,F b u;qtl Gl jrr'ti'g#,vt:,^ ~ i;~~ ~~ Jj ~ uJ1i~ ~~i Wl ij~ ~i ~~ ,lA :f !'-hi f { ~ ~i, v- ~: ~i· ~ .It..·~ {ii9I'r ',;i - ~,. "[Rememberl "l,w':k#!tb$ "[Remember) when your Lord extracted from the Lord extracted loins of Adam's children their descendants and loins children descendants and made them 'Am made -them testify [saying]: 'Am I not your Lord?' L,ord?' [sayingl: They said: 'Yes, They said: 'Yes, we testify to it.' [This was) in testify [This was] say on the Day Judgment: 'We were case you say on the Day of Judgment: 'We were case unaware this.t Or you say: tlt was unaware of this.' Or you say: 'It was our ancestors ancestors who worshipped others besides God and we are worshipped others besidesGod and are • descendants.Will you then destroy us only their descendants. Will you then destroy us for what those liars did?'" thoseliars did?'" Qur'an,7:172-3 Qur' an, 7: 172-3
    • The Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creation The Prophet (~) explained that when Allah created Adam, The Prophet(#) explained thatwhenAllah created Adam, He took from him a covenant a placecalledNa'maanon He took from him a covenant at a place called Na'maan on at the 9th day 7 ofthe 12th month. He then extracted from Adam the fth dut'' of the 12thmonth.He then exffactedfrom Adam all of his descendants would be born until the end who all of his descendants wltowould be born until the end of the world, generationafter generation, the world, generation after generation, and spread them out and spreadthem out before to take a covenantfrom them also.He spoke before Him to take a covenant from them also. He spoke to them, face to face, making them bearwitnessthat He was them, face to face, making them bear witness that He was their Lord. 28 Consequently, every human being is responsible their Lord.z8 Consequently, eveiy humanbeingis responsible for belief in God, which is imprintedon eachand every soul. for belief in God, which is imprinted on each and every soul. is based this inborn on that Allah definedthe purpose It is based on this inborn belief that Allah defined the purpose humankind'screationin Chapteragh-Thaariyaat: of humankind's creation in Chapter ath- Thaariyaat: {IJJ"w ~l ~~I) ~ ~ I.A)} {ir:**l 1! .r"!lt ;,+Jtc-il+ r.'1} ttl did not create the jinn2eand the humankind "I create jinn?9 except they should except that they, should worship Me." Qur'ann5 l :56 Q u r ' a 51 : 5 6 Thus, the essential Thus, the essential purposefor whiclr humankindwas purpose which humankind was created is the worship of God. However, the created is the worship of God. However,the Almighty is not is need humanworship. He did not create human beings in need of human wors[rip.He did not createhumanbeings 17 27 Known as the day of 'Arafaat. as the day of 'Arafaat. 2t Collected 28 Collected by Almad and authenticated Siisi/ah al-Ahaadeetha§.- Ahmad and authenticated in Silsilah al-A!laadeeth as- $.a!J.ee!lah. vol.'4,p. 158,no. 1623. $afteefuah, vol:4, p. 158, no. 1623. 2e The;inn are 29 Thejinn are a classof invisible rationalbeings created class invisible rational beings created by God from the elementsof fire. They were endowedby God with free will, like mankind. elements offire. They were endowed God free will, mankind. Consequently, Consequently, some of them are righteousbelievers and othersare evil some of them are righteous believers and others are disbelievers. disbelievers. The evil among them are commonlycalleddemons.evil The among them are commonly called demons. evil spirits,devils.etc. spirits, devils. etc.
    • Purpose ofCreation The Parpose of Creation out of a needon His part.If not a singlehumanworshipped of need on part. If not single human worshipped God, it would not diminish His glory in any w&], and if all God, diminish any way, and if of mankind ~orship~ed Him, it would not increase glory of mankindworshipp.ed would not increase His in any way. God is perfect. He aloneexistswithout any any way. God is perfect. He alone exists without any beings have needs. Consequently, is needs. All created beingshaveneeds. needs.All created Consequently, it is humankindthat needs worshipGod. humankind that needs to worship God. The Meaning of Worship Meaning understand why humanbeingsneedto worship God, To understand human beings need worship God, what is meant theterm 'worship.' one must first understand what is meant by the term 'worship.' onemustfirst understand 'worship' comes from the Old English The English term 'worship' comesfrom the Old English The English term weorthscipe meaning'honor.' Consequently, worship in the weorthscipe meaning 'honor.' Consequently, worship in the 'the performance devotional of English language definedas English language is defined as 'the performance of devotional is man acts in honor of a deity. ,30 According to this meaning, man acts honor a deity.'30Accordingto this meaning, is instructed to ~how gratitude to God by glorifying Him. In is instructed show gratitude God glorifuing Chapter an-Na~r of the final revelation, Allah says: Chapter an-Na;r the final revelation, Allah says: {drh'#l "Glorify the praises your "Glorify the praises of your Lord." Qur'an l0:3 I Qur'an 110:3 to gloriffing God, man chooses be harmony In glorifying God, man chooses to be in harmony the rest creationwhich naturallyglorifies its with the rest of creation which naturally glorifies its Creator. addresses this phenomenon many Creator. Allah addresses this phenomenon in many chapters of the Qur'an. For example, in Chapter al-lsraa, chapters the Qur'an.For example,in Chapteral-Israa, Allah states: states: 3o The Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary. p. 1148. 30 The Living lhebster Encltclopedic Dictionarrr, p. I 148
    • The Purpose ofCreation ThePurposeof Creation ;! ~~ ~ ~!j ~ :;j ~~~j ~ ~J~ ;j ilJ] rl :F tt')'4 c1,io'st[Ir Lr3ttr rt ~} "y { ~ ~ JfMi ~ ~J" tiithJ-J rtitir r l5[ o~:~, " " • ~ , :".~ ". ~I' , ", 1F|#- *The seyen heavens "The seven heavens and the earth and whatever eerth whatever is in them glorify Him and there is nothing which is glorify Him does not glorify His praise.31 However, you do not does glorify preise.'' Howeyer, understand their glorification." their glorification.' Qur'an, 17:44 Qur'an, 17:44 However, in Arabic, the language of the final revelation, However, Arabic, the language the of revelation, worship is called 'ibaadah,whichis closelyrelated the worship is called 'ibaadah, which is closely related to the 'abd,meaning'a slave.' slaveis one noun 'abd, meaning 'a slave.' A slave is one who is expected expected noun to do whatever his ma'ster wills. Consequently, worship, do whatever his ma'ster Consequently, worship, accordingtothe revelation,meaas 'obedient submission according to the final revelation, meaas 'obedient submission to the will of God.' This was the essence of the message of the will of God.' was the essence the message of of the prophetssent God humankind. all the prophets sent by God to humankind. For example, this example, understanding of worship was emphatically expressed understanding of worship was emphatically expressed by Prophet Jesus the Gospelaccording Matthew, 7:21, Prophet Jesus in the Gospel according to Matthew, 7:21, me 'Lord' will enter the kingdom "None of those who call me 'Lord' will enter the kingdom "None of those who of God, the one does the wiII of of God, but only the one who does the will of my Father in Father heaven." It should be noted that '-will' in this quote means heaven." should be notedthat'.will' quote means 'what God wants human beings and not 'what God 'what God wants human beings to do' and not 'what God permits humans to do,' because permits humans to do,' because nothing happens in creation nothinghappens creation (permission) God. The 'Will of God' is without the will (permission) of God. The 'Will of God' is without the contained in the divinely revealed laws which the prophets contained in the divinely revealed laws which the prophets 3t The thunder is described as glorifying God in 13: 13, the day and night 31 The thunder is describedas glori$ing God l3:13. the day and in 2 t :20 and the mountains 38: 18. in 21:20 and the mountains in 38:18.
    • l-^t The of Creation The Purpose ofCreation I tt! I _ taught their followers. Consequently, taught their followers. Consequently, obedience to divine obedience divine to law is the foundation worship.[n this sense, glorification law is the foundation of worship. In this sense, glorification also becomes worshipwhen humanschoose obey God's also becomes worship when humans choose to obey God's to instructions regardingHis glorification. instructions regarding His glorification. The Need Worship The Need for Worship Why do humanbeingsneedto worshipandglorifo God Why do human beings need to worship and glorify God by obeyingthe divinely revealed laws?Because by obeying the divinely revealed laws? Because obedience obedience to divine law is the key to success this life andthe next. to divine law is the key to success in this life and the next. in The first human beings,Adam and Eve, were createdin The first human beings, Adam and Eve, were created in paradiseand laterexpelledfrom paradise disobeying paradise and later expelled from paradise for disobeying the divine law. The only way for humanbeings return the divine law. The only way for human beings to return to paradise is by obedience,to law. Jesus, Messiah, the paradise is by obedience. to the law. Jesus, the Messiah, was the was reported in the Gospelaccording Matthew havemade reported in the Gospel according to Matthew to have made obedience to the divine laws the key to paradise: Now behold, obedience thedivine lawsthe key to paradise: Now behold, 'Good one came and said to him. 'Good teacher, what good thing one came him, teacher, may have " So he shall I do that I may have eternal life? "So he said to him, him, "Why. "Why do you call me good? No one is good but One, that call me good? one is One, is, God. But if you want to enter into life, keep the ri, God. if you enter into life, commandments. ,32 Also in Matthew 5: 19, JesusChrist commandments.'82 Also in Matthew 5:19,Jesus Christ was reported to have insistedon strict obedience the was reported have insisted on strict obedience to the commandments, saying,"Whoevertherefore breala one of commandments, saying," Whoever" thereforebreaks one of the least of thesecommandments, teachesmen so, shall the least ofthese commandments, and teaches men so, be the kingdom ofheaven; whoever does be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does teaches them, he be the kingdom and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven." ofheaven." 3r Matthew l9:16-17(RSV). 32 Matthew 19: 16-17 (RSV).
    • ofCreation The Purpose of Creation Divine laws representguidance for humankindin all laws represent guidance humankind aU walks of life. They define right and wrong for them and offer walks of life. They define and wrong them and human beings com~ete systemgoverning all of human beingsa comp{etesystem governingatl of their afflairs. affairs. The Creator alone knows bestwhat is beneficialfor His The Creator alone knows best what is beneficial creation and what is not. The divine laws commandand creation and what not. The laws command and prohibit variousacls and substances protectthe human prohibit various acts and substances to protect the human harm. In order spirit, the human body and humansociety from harm.ln order spirit, the humanbody and human society for human beings to fulfill their potentialby living righteous for humanbeings their potential living righteous lives, they need to worship God throughobedience His lives, they need worship God through obedience to commandments. commandments. Remembrance of God Remembrance God All ofthe various acts of worship contained in the divine ofthevariousactsofworshipcontained the divine laws are designed to help humans remember God. It is natural laws aredesigned help humansremember God. is natural forget eventhe most important for human beings to sometimes forget even the most important humanbeings sometimes things.. Humans often become so engrossed in fulfilling their things..Humansoften becomeso engrossed that they totally forgettheir spiritualneeds. material needs that they totally forget their spiritual needs. material needs Regular prayer is ordainedto organizethe day of the true Regular prayer is ordained to organize the day of the true believer around the remembrance God. interweaves believer around the remembrance of God. It interweaves spiritual needs with materialneeds a daily basis.The on spiritual needs with material needs on a daily basis. The and sleepis linked to the daily regular daily need to eat, work and sleep is linked to the daily regular daily needto eat, to renewman's connection with God. With regardto need to renew man's connection with God. With regard to need regular prayer, states the final revelation,Chapter regular prayer, Allah states in the final revelation, Chapter Iaahaa: laahaa:
    • The Puroose Creation The Purpose of Creation I 32 I .- "Verily, I am Allah, there is no God beside Me, "Verily, is no beside so worrhip and establish so worship Me and establish regular prayer for My remembra~ce." My remembrance." Qur'an 20: 14 Qur'an 20:14 Regardingfasting, Regarding fasting, Allah stated in Chapter a/-Baqarah: stated Chapteral-Baqarah: .iil i~ J W"' ~ ~ ~'{Jt'6 iirvd/lr ft- } ,y u$t Ji.'-,?,;i ~ - ~., ~,J., ~ ., 0# '• iUttr ~ol~ J ~'~ '. .iiI '~I.i} J*" ,J., *{{ {~);J~~ ttfrtsiiF$ "0 you who believe! Fasting has been prescribed "O believe! has been for you as it was prescribed for those before you as it those that you may become God-conscious." becomeGod-conscious." Qur'ann : 1 8 3 Q u r ' a 2:183 2 encouraged rememberGodas much The believers are encouraged to remember God as much The believersare as possible. Although, moderation iri spheres life, whether as possible. Although, moderation in all spheres of life. whether of mater~al or spiritual,is generally encouraged in divine law, an material spiritual~ is generallyencouraged divine law, an exception is maderegardingthe remembrance exception is made regarding the remembrance of Allah. It is of is impossible remember virtually impossible to remember God too much. Consequently, God much.Consequently, in the final revelation, Chapter al-A!lzaab, Allah encourages the revelation, Chapteral-AfuzaaD, encourages God as often as possible: the believers remember God as often as possible: the believers to remember {r-*r-)~ ~I i/t~1 i~~ ~~ ~~} {IJ#' ri, l,rrSitiF;*JJ'dq} *O believers! Remember Allah "0 believers! Rememb-erAltah often." .. Q u r ' a n33:41 4 1 Qur'an, , 3 3 : ofGod is stressed because is generally RemembranceGodis stressed Remembrance of because sinis generally sin committed whenGodis forgotten. forces evil operate committed when God is forgotten. Theforces of evil operate The
    • rn" t - a r The Purpose ofCreation I"y,f: "tCrrun" _ ..- I tt r most freelywhenconsciousness God is lost.Consequently, most freely when consciousness ofGod is lost. Consequently, of the satanic forces seek to occupy people'smirids with the satanic forces seek to occupy people'smiIids with irrelevantthoughtsand desires makethem forget God. Once irrelevant thoughts and desires to make them forget God. Once to God is forgotten,people God is forgotten, people willingly join the corrupt elements. the comrpt elements. The final revelation, Qur'an, addresses phenomenon The final revelation, the Qur' an, addresses this phenomenon the this in Chapteral-Mujaadalaft as follows: in Chapter al-Mujaadalah as follows: qT '# IJ~' ~~ ~~f ~, ')~ ;..Al:.Jti ~b:~~" ; •:If. ~~I} .rualSr rytii' fi ;f,l;!i 6'LJ.Jr s.*,1. ~ ' {~' I.iJI JIb .~~•II :../. ~I ~{ ~ {lt}s.i' ~ oGii{r.r;7 11 Jf!' ," - . £ . !i U "Satan got the better of them and caused them to "Satan of caused Allah.Those partl'of Satan. Truly forget Allah. Those are the party ofSatan. Truly the forget party of Satan are the real losers" Satan losers" Qur'ann 8 :199 Q u r ' a 58: 1 5 God, throughDivine law, hasprohibited intoxicants and God, through Divine law, has prohibitedintoxicantsand gamblingprimarily because they cause gambling primarily because they cause humanbeings forget human beings to forget God. The humanmind and body easily become addictedto God. The human mind and body easilybecome addicted drugs and games chance. drugs and games of chance. Onceaddicted, Once addicted, humankind's humankind's desire to continuallybe stimulatedby,themleadsthem into desire continually be stimulated by them leads them forms of corruption. and violence among themselves. God all fonns of comrption. violenceamongthemselves. and says in Chapter al-Maa'idah of the final revelation: saysin Chaptera/-Maa 'idah of the revelation: ·_~il .r--"" ~" . '~,~ . J ~"JAll J F _. ~ ~ ,~i ~t,-"~1I JJ ' WI} ~.J! - ~.fl • ~ {~-*;~: ~f:W ~~ ~J~' f~ ~ ~l:A!J;~ :~i~J "Satan's plan is to incite enmity and hatred among you with intoxicants and gambling, and
    • | *r I ThePurposeof Creatlon The Purpose ofCreation It(tt I I _ hinder you from the remembrance ofAllah and hinder from tfte remembrance of AIIaft regular prayer. Will you not then abstain?" Will Qur'an, 5:91 1 Qur'an,5:9 Consequently, humankind need to remember God for Consequently, humankindneed rememberGod their own salvationand growth. humanshave times of their own salvation and growth. All humans havetimes of weakness in which they commit sins. If they have no means weaknessin which they commit sins.If they haveno means of remembering God, they sink deeper and deeper into of remembering God, they sink deeperand deeper corruption with every sin. However, those who follow the corruption every sin. However, those the divine laws will be constantly reminded of God, which will divine laws be constantly reminded God, which will give them a chance repentand correct themselves. give them a chance to repent and correct themselves. The The final revelationaccurately describes process Chapter final revelation accurately describes this process in Chapter 'Imraan: Aal 'Imraan: " ' '.~, ;l:;'i i1i1,'&Ji " +o iji ~~ ;!;,rr;l J~'" ..~ ~ i./j~ ~i i~ ~i ~~ i);J r1,1 li'r iiit ri ~~'J} {~y~ te'ii. "Those who, having done something shameful or "Those having done somethingshameful having wronged their own souls, remember Allah wronged souls, and immediately forgiveness and immediately ask forgiveness for their sins..." sins,.." Qur'an,n3:1353 5 Qur'a ,3:1 The Religion Islam The Religion of Islam The mostcompletesystem worship available human The most complete system of worship available to human beingstoday is the systemfound in the religion of Islam.The beings today is the system found in the religion of Islam. The very name 'Islam' means'submission the very name 'Islam' means 'submission to the will of God.'of God.' Although is commonlyreferred as 'the third of the three Although it is commonly referred to as 'the of the three monotheisticfaiths,' is not a new religion at all. is the monotheistic faiths,' it is not a new religion at all. It is the religion brought allcif the prophetsof God religion brought by all of the prophets of God for humankind. humankind.
    • t-t fnt nry"tt rf Cr"ttt"" The Purpose o[ Crelltlon t€l _ Islam was the religion of Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Islam was the religion of Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. God addresses this issue in the final revelation with regard God addresses this issue in the final revelation with regard to Prophet Abraham, saying: to Prophet Abraham, saying: ~' ~ ~ ~S" ~J ~(. (~'~.) ", I·' '-;.rqllti+., if ·.~r -,.rAJ r; rt # b'jr ~S" ~} J, 1{r$i* ~J-,Jft~.)'!~ if r;; {~~I~~~ lg.#,'u o'g *Ahrahom wa$ "Abraham was neither a Jew nor-a Christian, but a nor.e Christian, he was an upright Muslim who did bot worship he wrs upright Muslim not othens besides God." others besides God." Qur'an 3:67 Qur'an3:67 Since there is One God, and humankindare one Since there is only One God, and humankind are one species,the religion which God has ordained species, the religion which God has ordained for human human beings is one.He did not prescribe beings is one. He did not prescribe one religion for the Jews, one religion the Jews, another Indians, another for Indians, yet another for Europeans, etc. Human another Europeans,etc. Human spiritual and social needsare uniform, and human naturehas spiritual and social needs are unifonn, and human nature has not changedsincethe first'man and woman were created. changed since the first 'man and wOman were created. Conseq~ently, no other religion is acceptable to God besides Consequently, otherreligion'is acceptable God beSides states Chapter Aal 'Imraantof Islam, asHe clearly statesin ChapterAal '/mraan of the final Islam, as revelation: revelation: {~~~I ~ ~ ~:UI ~!} {iyr:f'l'+;irr i,1} *Surely Allah's religion is Islam." "Surely religion Qur'an 3:19 Qur'an 3:19 'H:'eI' J p14F"'*6-r;>L)r ;;s. ¢Ft ~J} ~ ~~~ .'JJAJ ~ ~ ~ ~~ r~~ F #i'i '{~r"bJl {ir-rnri.i'
    • - r Thehtwose ofCreation The Purpose of Creatlon I lO I "And whoever desires a religion besides Islam will "And whoever desircs a besidesIslam will not have it accepted, and he will be among the losers hnve it accepted,and he will be among the losers in the heretfter." in the hereafter." Qur'an 3:85 Qur'an3:85 Every Act Is Worship the Islqeig system,each and every human act can be In the Isla.mic system, each and every human act can be transformed into an act worship. fact, God commands transfonned into an act of worship. In fact, God commands the believers dedicate the believers to dedicate their whole lives to Him. In Chapter whole lives Chapter ai-An 'aam, Allah says: al-An'aom, says: {~tAiI:""..1l ""-~"J'i. J~J"" ir:4.r -;- ~ .J, . ~J_ t:J.J~, eli} oN' jiJr,irf- {colni';; l e6't lsthn'2 ( *Say: 'Surely "rr} "Say: 'Surely my prayer, my sacrifice, my living pmyer, sacrifice, ry tiving end and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of all the for Allah, Lord of worlds.t tt worlds.' " Qur'an 6: 162 Qur'an6:162 However, for that {edication to be acceptable Allah, However, that c;ledication be acceptable to eachact must fulfill two basicconditions: each act must fulfill baSic conditions: FIRST,THE ACT MUSTBE DoNE SINCERELY the 11 FIRST, THE ACT MUST BE DONE SINCERELY FoRthe I pleasure of God and FOR pleasure of God and not for the recognitionand praise recognition and praise of humanbeings. The believeralso hasto be ponscious of human beings. The believer also has be conscious of of God while doing the deedto insurethat it is not something God doing the deed insure that not something forbidden by Allah or the last Messenger(~). forbidden last Messenger (#E). In order to facilitate this transformationof mundane order facilitate transformation of mundane deeds worship, Allah instructed Prophet (~) deeds into worship, Allah instructedthe last Prophet(!$) to prescribe short prayersto be said before eventhe simplest prescribe short prayers said before e~en simplest of acts The shortest prayer which may be usedfor any sf ~~t~ shortest prayer used
    • The Parpose of Creation Purpose of circumstance is: ~ ~ bismillaah(ln the nameof Allah). circumstanceis: l' -*, bismillaah (In the name of There are,however,many otherprayersprescribed specific There are, however, many'other prayers prescribed for specific occasions. For example, whenevera new pieceof clothing occasions. For example, whenever new piece of clothing is worn, the Prophet C*) taughthis followersto say: is worn, the Prophet(+E) taught his followers say: ~ V ?-~ ~?- X :JtJ .~:,:S ~f J:.;j ~ ~I ,;-a ~ l-', !_:'J . j ~ l. ~~ ~~ X ~ ;;f~ ,j o Allah, thanks is due to You, for it is You who has O AIIah, k due You,for You clothed me. I ask Youfor its benefit and the benefit me. ask Yoafor its beneJit for which it was made, and seek refuge in Youfrom for was made, seek Youfrom its evil and the evilfor which it was made. 33 its evil evilfor wasmade.33 2J THE SECOND CONDITION IS THAT THE ACT BE done in THe sECoNDcoNDrloN ISTHATTHEAcr se done accordance with theprophetic way, called in Arabic the Laccordance with the prophetic way, called in Arabic the the prophetsinstructedtheir followers Sunnah. All of the prophets instructed their followers to Sunnah. follow theirway because wereguidedby God.Whatthey they follow their way because they were guided by God. What they were divinely revealed truths,and only thosewho taught were divinely revealed truths, and only those who taught followed their way and accepted truthswould inherit the followed their way and accepted the truths would inherit eternallife in paradise. is in this contextthatProphet It Jesus, eternal life in paradise. It is in this context that Prophet Jesus, may the peaceand blessings God be uponhim, was may the peace and blessings of God be upon him, was reportedin the Gospelaccording John l4:6, as saying, reported in the Gospel according to John 14:6, as saying, "'I to "./ am the way, the truth, and the life; no man comethunto am the way. the truth. and the life: no man cometh unto the the Father, but by me." Similarly,''Abdullaahibn Mas'ood Father, but by nte." Similarly, Abdullaah ibn Mas'ood related that one day Prophet Muhammad C~) drew a iine in related that one day Proplret Muhammad(#) drew a iine in " Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 3. p. I 125. no.4009 and authenticated in 33 Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 3. p. 1125. no. 4009 and authenticated in S,ah.eeh. Sunan Abee Daawood, vol. 2. .p. .760.0no. .3391~3 i SaheehSunanAbee Daawood, vol. 2 p 7 6 n o 3 3 9 .
    • nt nrp"tr rlc*"t*" The Purpose ofCreation lls I u the dust for them and said, "This is Allah,s path." He then the dust for them and said, "This is Allah's path." He then drew severallines [branchingoff] to the right and to the left drew several lines [branching off] to the right and to the left and said, "These are the paths [of misguidanceJon each oJ' and said, "These are the paths [of misguidance] on each of which is a devil inviting people tofolrow it." Hethen recited which is a devil inviting people to follow it. " He then recited the verse: "Verily, this is my path, leading straight, so the verse: "Verily, this is my path, leading straight, so follow it. And do not follow the [otherl paths for they will follow it. And do not follow the [other] paths for they will scatter you about from Allah's path. That is His command scatter you about from Allah's path. That is His command to you in order that you may be conscious of Allah. 34 ,,35 to you in order that you may be consciousof Allah.34"35 Thus,the only acceptable way to worship God is according to Thus, the only acceptable way to worship God is accordingto the way the prophets. That beingthe case,innovationin the way of the prophets. That being the case, innovation in religious affairswould be considered God amongthe worst religious affairs would be considered by God among the worst by all evils. ProphetMuhammad(x) was reported have of all evils. Prophet Muhammad (~) was reported to have said, of all said, "The worst ofall affairs is innovation in religion, for is innovstion rerigion, for every religious innovation is a cursed,misleading innovation every innovation cursed, misleading innovation leading to the hellfire."36 the hellfire. ,,36 Innovation in the religion is forbiddenand unacceptable Innovation the religion forbidden and unacceptable to God. The Prophet (E) was also reportedby his wife, God. The Prophet (~) was also reported his 'Aa'ishah, 'Aa'ishah, to have said, "He who innovatessomethingin have said, innovates something this matter of ours, that is not of it. will hqve it rejected.,,37 matter ofours, of it, will have it rejected. ,,37 It is fundamentallydue to innovationsthat the messages It is fundamentally due to innovations that the messages of the earlier prophetswere distortedand the manyfalse of the earl ier prophets were distorted and the many false religions in existencetoday evolved.The generalrule to religions in existence today evolved. The general rule to 3a Soorah 34 Soorah al-An'aam(6):153. al-An'aam (6):153. 3s 35 collected by Ahmad. an-Nasaa'eeand ad-Daarimee.and authenticated Collected by Ahmad. an-Nasaa'ee and ad-Daarimee. and authenticated by Almad Shaakirin al-Musnad,vol.6. pp. 89-90. no.4142. by Ahmad Shaakir in al-Musnad, vol. 6. pp. 89-90. no. 4142. 16 36 Sahih Muslim, vol. 2. p. 410, no. lgg5. Sahih Muslim, vol. 2, p. 410, no. 1885. , 37 sahih At-Bukhari, vol. 3. pp.535-6. no. g6l. andsahihMuslim, vol. 3. Sahih AI-Bukhari. vol.3. pp. 535-6. no. 861. and SahihMuslim.vol.3. p . 9 3 1 .n o . 4 2 6 6 . p. 931. no. 4266.
    • The Purpose ofCreation ThePurposeof Creation follow in order to avoid innovationin religion is that all in order to avoid innovation in religion is that all forms of worship are prohibited,exceptthosewhich have of worship are prohibited, except those which have beenspecificaltyprescribedby God and conveyedto humans been specifically prescribed by and conveyed to humans the true messengers of God. of by the true messengers God. The Best of Creation Best of Thosewho believein OneUnique God, without partners Those believe One Unique God, partners or offspring,and do righteousdeeds[according the above- offspring, and righteous deeds [according to above- mentioned principles] become the crown of creation~ mentioned principles]becomethe crown of creation.That is, is, although humankindis not the greatest creationof Allah, although humankind is not the greatest creation of Allah, they have the potentialto becomethe bestof His creation. they havethe potential become the best of creation. Chapte al-Bayyinah, r states fact as follows: In Chapter a/-Bayyinah, Allah states this fact as {~~ .r?" ~ ~ Ji ~~...QJ' ~ J ."..~ ..:r..u, iJl} {tu-,Jl-* e clJri .rtr.Jr-elrr}.r.1 lPu t-iJt u1} "Surely, those believeand righteous deeds "Surely, those who believe and do righteous deeds are the best of creation." are the best creation." Qur'ann98:66 Qur'a 98: The Gravest Sin The Gravest Sin To contradictthe purposeof one's creationis then the To contradict the purpose of one's creation is then the 'Abdullaah greatest evil that a human being can commit. greatest evil that a human being can commit. 'Abdullaah Allah's Messenger which sin is (#) reported that he asked Allah's Messenger (~) which sin is reportedthat he asked the gravest in Allah's sight and he replied, "To give Allah a the gravestin Allah's sight and he replied, "To give Allah a partner, eventhoughHe createdyou."38 Worshippingothers partner, even though He created you. ,,38 Worshipping others besides God, called shirk in Arabic, is the only unforgivable besidesGod,calledshirk in Arabic, is theonly unforgivable sin. If a humanbeingdieswithout repentingfrom his or her sin. If a human being dies without repenting from his or her " Sahihi hM u s l i mvol.l .I.. pp. 50·1: . ' n o156.6 . 38 S o h Muslim, , o l p p 5 0 ' 1 no. .1 5 v
    • l-L fn" P"rp"t, Crtrtt* The Purpose ofCreation l{ul "f _ sins, Allah may forgiveall their sinsexcept sins, Allah may forgive all their sins except shirk. In this shirk.In this regard,Godstated the following in Chapter an-Nisaa ': regard, God stated following in Chapteran-Nisaq,; the {'"~~ ~I~ iJJ~ ~ ~J <.! ~~ iJi ~"'i.1l iJl} {ti.:"- ir"J gU'l r.J.;r pJ q elr.:40i ,ii,- I frr ir1} tr "Surely Allah will not forgive the wonship of others "Surely Allah will not forgive the worship of others besides Him, but He forgives sins lessthan that besides Him, but He forgives sins less than that to whomever He wishes." to whomever He wishes." Qur'an.4:48 Qur'an,4:48 worshipping otherd besides Worshipping others besides God essentially involves God essentially invorves giving the anributes the creator to His creation.Eachsect giving the attributes of the Creator to His creation. Each sect or religiondoesthis in theirown particular or religion does this in their own particular way. A small but way. smallbut very vocal group of people down through the ages have very vocal group of peopledown throughthe ageshave actuallydenied God'sexistence.~9 To actually denied God' s existence.ie justifY their rejection Tojustifo their rejection of of the Creator, theywereobligedto makethe illogicalclaim that the creator,they were obliged make the illogical claim that this world hasno beginning. this world has no beginning. Their claim is illogicalbecause Their claim is illogical because all of the observable partsof the world havebeginnings of the observable parts of the world have beginnings in in 3' Hinavana Buddhism (400-250BC). the earrier 39 Hinayana Buddhism (400-250 BC). the earlier and morestrictof the two and more strict of the interpretationsof Buddhismwhich aroseaftercautama Buddha'sdeath. interpretations of Buddhism which arose after Gautama Buddha's death. clearl;'states thereis no God. .lainismas svstematizecl Vardharnana clearly states that there is no God. Jainism as systematized by' Vardhamana that by also asserts that thereis no God. hut liberatedsouls. accordin_e the also asserts that there is no God. hut liberated souls.according to the to teachings.attain immortalitv and nmniscience.ln the lgth and 20th teachings. attain immortality and omniscience. In the 19th and 20th centuriesa numberof Europeanphilosophers proclaimed centuries a number of European philosophers proclaimed what cameto be what came to be known asthe "deathof God philosoph1,," Germanphilosopher. philipp known as the "death of God philosophy."' The Gennan philosopher. The Philipp Mainlander I 84 l - I 876). the Prussian. Friedrich Nietzsche ( I g44-I 900). Mainlander((1841-1876), the Prussian.Friedrich Nietzsche(1844-1900), the Frenchman. the Frenchman. JeanPaulSarrre(1905-1980) all arguedthe non-existence Jean Paul Sartre ( 1905- 1980) all argued the non-existence of God. (Dictionary of Philosophy,and Religion,pp. 72. 262-3. 327 and of God. (Dictionary ofPhilosophy and Religion. pp. 72.262-3.327 and 508-9). 508-9).
    • The Purpose of Creation time, thereforeit is only reasonable expectthe sum of the time, therefore is reasonable to expect sum of parts also have beginning. It also parts to alsohavea beginning.It is alsoonly logicalto assume logical to assume that whateversaused world to come into existence that whatever caused the the come existence could not havebeena part of the world nor could it havea beginning not have been part ofthe could have beginning like the world. The atheistassertionthat the world has no the world. The atheist assertion that the has beginningmeans the matterwhich makesup the universe beginning means that the matter which makes up the universe that is eternal. This is a statementofshirk, wherebyGod's attribute is etemal. is statement of shirk, whereby attribute of being without~ begi!ming is givento His creation.The being without'beginning is given creation. The numbers of genuine atheists havehistorically always been numbers of genuineatheistshave historically always been quite small because, in spite of their claims, they instinctively quite smallbecause, spite their claims,they instinctively know that God doesexist. That is, spite of decades of know that God does exist. That is, in spite of decades of communist indoctrination, the majority of Russians communist indoctrination,the majority of Russians and and Chinese continued believein God. The Chinese continued to believe in God. The Almighty Creator Creator pointed out this phenomenon Chapteran-I'laml,saying: pointed out this phenomenon in Chapter an-Naml, saying: {I~J ~ ~r j!f T8~;-a:.:" '(J ~ iJ~J} {,t t Gi!il.tli rlnF,itw.itlo'i "And they denied [the signsl wrongfully "And they denied (the signs] wrongfully and arrogantly, though within themselves they were though within themselves convinced of them." convinced Qur'an n 7 :14 4 Q u r ' a 27: 1 2 and materialists, has'nopurposebeyond life To atheists and materialists, life has-no purpose beyond To atheists the fulfillment of their desires. Consequently, their desires the fulfillment of their desires. Consequently, their desires also becomethe god which they obey and submit to instead also become the god which they obey and submit to instead of the One True God. In Chapteral-Furqaan of the final of the One True God. In Chapter al-Furqaan of the final revelation, Allah said: revelation,Allah said:
    • The Purpose 0/ Creation -**'ril {;IJA 4+- ....11 W, ~ ~)} 1 {i,roia-Jl #, f "Have you seen the one who takes his desires as "Have you seen the one who takes his desires as his god?" his god?" Qur'an 25 :43 Qur'an 25:43 christians gaveProphetJesuschrist the attributes of the Christians gave Prophet Jesus Christ the attributes of the creator by first making him co-eternalwith God,a' then by Creator by first making him co-eternal with God,40 then by making him a perponality God whom they titled .God the making him a per.sonality of God whom they titled 'God the of son.' Hindus,on the otller hand,believethat God hasbecome Son.' Hindus, on the oilier hand. believe that God has become man in many ages,by incarnations man in many ages, by incarnations called avatars, and then cailed svatars, and then they divided God's attributesbetweenthree gods,Brahma they divided God's attributes between three gods, Brahma the creator, vishnu the preserverand shiva the destroyer. the creator, Vishnu the preserver and Shiva the destroyer. Love of Love of God shirk alsooccurswhen humanbeings love, trust fear Shirk also occurs when human beingslove, trust or fear the creationmore than Allah. In chapter al-Baqarahof the the creation more than Chapter al-Baqarah of last revelation,God said: last revelation, God said: nrl-ii'Fh,J-rir.r;i ar;,i u #,i :;",,~I -H| ~, ~ ~~ ,;,JJf ~I iJ J~ ~ ¥i ,,6t~J} , , , {l + '$iit;; ~~(, {..1s ~~f i~~ *There b-ili "There are emong men those who worship are among men those who worship others besides Allah as equals to Him. They love others besides Allah as equals to Him. They love them as only Allah should be loved. But those who them as only Allah should he loved. But those who believe have a stronger love for Allah." believe have a stronger love for Allah." Qur'an 2:165 Q u r ' a n2 : 1 6 5 a 0J o h n 40 John lI: & 1 4 ""IlIn tthe b e g i n n i n g was tthe w o r d . a n d tthe w o r d w a s : l 1&14 r n h e beginning w a s h e Word. and h e Word was with God. and the Word was God .... 14 And the Word becameflesh and with God. and the word was God....'t And the word becameflesh and dwelt amongus, full of graceand truth:" (RSV). dwelt among us, full of grace and truth:" (RSV).
    • The Purpose ofCreation of Creation When these and other similar emotionsare directed more When theseand emotions are directed more strongly to the creation, they causehuman beingsto disobey strongly the creation, cause human beings disobey God in an effort to please other humans. However, only Allah God an pleaseother humans.However, deserves a complete human emotional commitment, for it is deserves a completehumanemotionalcommitment, He alone who should be loved and feared over all creation. He alone should be loved and fearedover creation. Anas ibn narratedthat the Prophet(~) said, " Whoever Anas ibn Maalik narrated that the Prophet (*) said, "Whoever possesses {the followingJ three characteristics has tasted the fthe 1ao.esesse.r following] three character,lsfi'cslrlers the sweetness offaith: he who loves Allah and Hk Messenger sweetness offaith: loves Allah and His above all else; he who loves another human beingfor Allah's afuve aII else;lw wln lovesanother lrumnt beingfor Allah's sake alone; and he who hates to return to disbeliefafter Allah salre alone; md he wln lntes rettnn disbelief afre, Allah has rescued him as he hates to be thrown into a fire. ,,41 hasrescued as he hates be into afire.'Al love other humans All the reasons for which humans love other humans or the reasons which humans love other created beings are reasons to love God more than love other createdbeingsare reasons love God more than creation.Humanslove and success, dislike death and His creation. Humans love life and success, and dislike death is the ultimate sourceof and failure. Since Allah is the ultimate source of life and and failure. Since and success, deserves He the-fullloveanddevotionof humankind. success, He deserves the full love and devotion of humankind. Humans also love thosewho benefitthem and help them Humans also love those who benefit them and help them when they are in need.Sinceall benefit(7:188)and help when they are in need. Since all benefit (7: 188) and help (3:126)comefrom God, He shouldbe lovedaboveall else. (3:126) come from God, He should be loved above all else. {6}bti r i' uu. iril6bri} {lA~ ~.11 ~, iJ~ ~1J} , , *If Allah's blessings' will "If you try to count Allah's blessings, you will try [p." not be able to add them up." be eble add Qur'an,l4:34 Qur'an, 14:34 41 " Sahth Muslim, vol. l, p. 30, no. 67. Sahih Muslim. vol. 1, p. 30, no. 67.
    • fnr nrp"t",il9rt"tt The Purpose ofCreation m -_ However,the supreme love which humans However, the supreme love which humans should fee) for shouldfeel for God mustnot be reduced the comrnondenominator their God must not be reduced to the common denominator oftheir to of emotional love for creation.Just as the love humansfeel for emotional love for creation. Just as the love humans feel for animals shouldnot be the sameas what they feel for other animals should not be the same as what they feel for other humans,a2 love ofAllah should transcend the love humans the humans,42 the loveofAllah should transcend love humans the feel towards each other. Human love of God shouldbe, feel towards each other. Human love of God should be, fundamentally,a love manifestin completeobedience the fundamentally, a love manifest in complete obedience to the to laws God, as statedin Chapter 'fmraan, laws of God, as stated in Chapter Aal 'Imraan, "If you Jove "ff love Allah, then follow me [the Prophet] and Allah will love me [the Prophetl and will love you.'/3 This is not an abstract yoU.,,43 This is not an abstract concept, because human love concept,because humanlove other humans also impliesobedience, of other humans also implies obedience. That is, if a loved That is, if a loved one requests that something done,humans be one requests that something be done, humans will strive tostrive do according the level their love to do it according to the level of their love for thatperson. that person. The love of God shouldalso be expressed the love of The love of God should also be expressed in the love of thosewhom God loves.It'is inconceivable one those whom God loves. Ris inconceivable that one who loves that loves Allah could hatethose Allah couldhate those whomAllah loves and love thosewhom whom Allah lovesand lovethose whom He hates. The Prophet (~)-was quotedby Aboo Umaamahas hates. The Prophet(*€).was quoted Aboo Umaamah as saying, "He who lovesfor Allah and hatesfor Allah, gives saying, loves for Allah hates for gives for Allah and withholdsfor Allah, hasperfectedhisJaith.,Al for Allah withholds for has perfected his faith. ,,44 consequently,thosewhosefaith is properwill loveall those Consequently, those whose faith is proper love those who loveGod.In chapterMaryam,Allah indicates He puts love God. Chapter Maryam. indicates that puts that love in the hearts the believers thosewho are righteous. love the hearts of the believers for those of are righteous. 12 The huge 42 huge sumsof money currentlv being spentprotectingendangered sums of money currently being spent protecting endangered speciesof animals while humansare leli to starveand die of disease species of animals while humans are left to starve and die of disease is is amongthe major crimesof the 20th century. among the major crimes of the 20th century. aJ Qur'an, 3:31. 43 Qur'an, 3:3L aa collected 44 Collected by Almad, at-Tirmithee and Aboo Daawood (stman Abu by Ahmad, at-Tirmi!hee and Aboo Daawood (Sunan Abu Dawud, vol. 3. p. 1312. no.3664.and authenticated S-a!lee!l Sunan Dawud, vol. 3. p. 1312, no. 3664. and authenticated inSaheehsunan in AbeeDaawood,vol.3, p. 886.no. 3915). Abee Daawood, vol. 3, p. 886. no. 3915).
    • The Purpose ofCreation TheParyoseof Creation {,;~ ~:,J' ~ ~ ~~~, i#J i~~ ~~l ~~} ti'*lt'#'#h" lq{"rr ifuji-*[ irir i.r1] "Surely, Allah will bestow love [in the hearts of "Sunely, Allah will bestow [in of the believens forl those who believe and do believers for] those believe righteous deeds." deeds." Qur'an 19:96 Qur'an l9:96 Messenger (#) Aboo Hurayrah also relatedthat Allah's Messenger Aboo Hurayrahalsorelated that (~) *If Allah lovesa servantHe said the following this regard, "If said the following in this regard, loves servant informs angel Gabriel that He loves So-and-soand tells him informs angel lovesSo-and-so to love him, so Gabriel loves him. Then Gabriel calls out to love him, so Gabriel loves him. Then calls 'Allah loves So-and-so, to the inhabitants ofthe heavens: 'Allah loves So-and-so, to the inhabitants of the heavens: therefore love him. '' So the inhabitants ofthe heavenslove therefore love hint ,Sothe inhabitants of the heavens love him. Then he is granted the love ofthe people ofthe eqrth. ,,45 him. Thenhe is granted the loveof thepeople of the eqrth."a5 Prayers Prayers Prayersshouldonly be directed God alone, Prayers should only be directed to God alone, for only He can answerprayers. is accessible long as He is He as He can answer prayers. He is accessible as long as He is called upon sincerely. calledupon sincerely. {iJ~; 'rilurritriVi ~f ~) J~ JS- '-$~4- ~L ';lJ} {irrai;1 ~':UI i;.; *i -ti rfy,io +tV iA sr.} "When My sertants ask "When 'My servants askyou [6 Mu!!ammad] abOut you [O Mulammadl about am near' answer Me, [tell them] that I am near, I answer the prayer [tell them] of everyone w~o calls on Me." evelyone wo calls Qur'ann2 :1866 Q u r ' a 2: 1 8 nsSahilrAl-Bukhari, vol.4. p.291. no.43l. 45 Sahih AI-Bukhari, vol. 4. p. 291. no. 431. andSahihMuslim,vol.4. p. and Sahih Muslim, vol. 4. p. 1385.5no. .6373.3 . 138 . o 637 n
    • The Purposeorcrearion The Purpose ofCreation [F| _l this point, saying,,,If you The Prophet (~) emphasized this point, saying, "Ifyou The Prophet(S) emphasized ask in prayer, ask only Allah, and if you seek help, seek it ask in prayer, ask-onlyAllah, and if you seekhelp, seek it only from Allah.'46 Thus, prayerto humanbeingsor through only from Allah.,,46 Thus, prayer to human beings or through human* beings,deador living, is a form of shirk.The one to human- beings, dead or living, is a form of shirk. The one to whom prayersare directedbecomes object of worship. whom prayers are directed becomes an object of worship. an An-Nu'maan ibn Basheer repoftedthat the prophet(*) said, An-Nu'maan ibn Basheer reported that the Prophet (~) said, " supplication is worship."a1 "Supplication is worship. ,,47 {~i:.f;4- ~, ~J~ ~ ~;'Jj ~~I ~!} "Surely, those whom you calion in prayer besides Allah are servants like yourself." Qur'an 7: 194 Qur'an7:194 Thus, the catholic christian practice praying to saints Thus, the Catholic Christian practiceof prayingte saints is shirk. If something lost, Saint Anthony of Thebesis is shirk. If something is lost. saint Anthony of Thebes is is 48 prayed to in orderto help find it.a8 JudeThaddaeus the prayed order help find it. st. Jude Thaddaeus is the St. patron saintofthe impossible is prayed for intercession patron saint impossible and is prayed to and intercession in incurable incurable illnesses, unlikely marriages or the like. 49 And illnesses, unlikelymarriages the like.ae it usedto be that when someoneset out on a journey, Saint it used when someone set journey, Saint christdpher, the patron saint of travelers,was the object of Christdpher, the patron saint of travelers, was the of prayersfor protection.However, in 1969st. christopher was prayers for protection. However, in 1969 St. Christopher was a6 'Abbaas 46 Reponed by Ibn 'Abbaas and coilectedby at-Tirmitheeand authenticated Reported by Ibn and collected by at-Tinnithee and authenticated n Sabee sunanat-Tirmifute. vol. 2, pp. 308-9. no. 2043. see an-Nawawi's in Saf1ee!1 Sunan at-Tirmi~ee. vol. 2, pp. 308-9. no. 2043. See an-N awi,s h aw *r,y Hadith, p. 68, no. l9 andlvlishkatA!-Masabih, vol.2 ,, p. 1099. Forty Hadith, p. 68. no. 19 and Mishkat AI-Masabih, vol. 2 p. 1099. n' 47 sunan AbuDnvud, vol. l, p. 387. no. 1474and authenticared Sa!:J.ee!l SunanAbu Dawud, vol. I. p. 387. no. 1474 and authenticated in saheeh in SunanAbeeDaawood,voI. I, p.277. no. 1312. Sunan Abee Daawood, voL I, p. 277. no. 1312. u "The lllorld Book Enc.vclopeita,vol. l. p. 509. The World Book Encyclopedia, vol. 1. p. 509. t" 49 tbid..vol. I1L p. 146. tbid.. vol. l. p. 146.
    • tl-- The Purpose of Creation of - ThePurp-lse Creation I I unceremoniously sffuckoffthe list of saintsby papaldecree, unceremoniously struck off the of saints papal decree, after was confinned that he was fictitious. 50 Prayers Mary, after it was confirmedthat hewas fictitious.50 Prayers to 51 the mothc;r of Jesus, to the angels, on Michaelmassl the mothgrof Jesus, and the angels, as on Michaelmas and as • are also shirk. Even Christians who shun saint worship are also shirk. Even Christians shun saint worship commit whenever they direct prayersto ProphetJesus, commit shirk whenever they direct prayers Prophet Jesus, through him or in his name.Likewise,anyMuslim who prays throughhim his name. Likewise, any Muslim prays ProphetMuhammad(~) commits shirk.Consequently, to Prophet Muhammad (#) commits shirk. Consequently, God commanded Prophet(~) inform his followers as God commanded the Prophet (H) to inform his followers as the follows in Chapter al-A 'raaf follows Chapteral-A'raaf. ~i c..5 YJ ~ Sou. L. ~~ I~ ~J W,j ~ cUi f ;0) F-Jti c-s JIJ lrr rll rr 1! rr"a I:lr.iiu.,.tlJ ~i ~ Ji} {So.,..J' ~ {oF' #br L. J ~, t,.:;*-f ;*Jt ~ ..:;.; j5.:-~ =*Jt ~ 'I "Say [0 Muhammad): 'I have no power to bring power bring "Say [O Muhammadl: good or avert harm even from myself, except if harm even from if Allah wills. If I had knowledge of the unse~n, I Allah If knowledge of unseen, would surely have accumulated only good and no would surely accumulated only evil would have befallen me." would me." Qur'ann 7::1888 Qur'a 7 18 s The World Book Encyclopedia. vol. 3. p. 417. 50 The World Book Encyclopedia. vol. 3. p. 417 'tt The Christian feast of St. Michael the Archangel. celebrated in the 51 The Christian t'eastof St. Michael the Archangel. celebrated the in western churcheson September and in the Eastern 29 (Orthodox)Church western churches on September 29 and in the Eastern (Orthodox) Church November 8. In the Roman CatholicChurch,it istheFeastof SS. on November 8. In the Roman Catholic Church, it is the Feast of S5. on Michael. Gabriel. and Raphael. archangels: the AnglicanChurch,its in Michael, Gabriel, and Raphael, archangels: in the Anglican Church, its proper name is the Feast of St. Michael and All Angels (The New proper name is the Feast of 51. Michael and All Angels (The New EncyclopaediaBritannica, vol. 8. p. 95) Encyclopaedia Britannica, vol. 8. p. 95).
    • The Purpose creotion of _The Purpose ofCreation |E| - Aboo Hurayrah reported that when the verse ..Warn Aboo Hurayrah reported that when the verse "Warn your nearest relativesr"s2 was revealedto the prophet,he your nearest relatives,"S2 was revealed to the Prophet, he said the following to his relatives:,,Opeople of said the following to his relatives: "0 people ofQuraysh, eurrysh, secure deliverancefrom AIIah [by doing good deedsJ,for secure deliveranc~ from Allah [by doing good deeds], for II cannot avail you st all againstAllah...o Faatimah, daughter cannot avail you at all against A/lah. .. O Faatimah, daughter of Mufiammad, ask me whateveryou wish [in this lifeJ, but of Mullammad, ask me whatever you wish [in this life], but have nothing which can qvail II have nothing which can avail you against Allah. ,,53 against Allah.,,53 sr 52 Soorahash-Shooraa Soorah ash-Shooraa (ZG):214. (26):214. st sahih 53 SahihAl-Bukhari, vol. 4. pp 47g-9. nos. 727 &.7zg. and Sahih Muslim, A/-Bukhari, vol. 4. pp. 478-9. nos. 727 & 728. andsahih Muslim, vvol. l l. p . 1 3 6 .n o . 4 0 2 . o l . . p. 136. no. 402.
    • ThePurposeol Creation The Purpose of Creation God Create Why Did God Create on Earth? Mankind on Earth? HE QLJESTIONCONCERNINC PURPOSE mankind's HE QUESTION CONCERNING THE PURPOSE OF mankind's THE OF T creation may be expanded includethe creation may be expanded to include the world in which they live. The question in which they live. The question would then be, "Why did would then be, God createhumanbeingsin this world?" Again, the answer God create human beings in this world?" Again, the answer did this questioncan easily be found the final revelation, to this question can easily be found in the final revelation, Chapters al-Mulk and al-Kahf, Chapters a/-Mu/k and a/-Kahf: .J--AJ ~ ~i ~to!.i.~~ i'5rJr J ~"J' JU- ,=,JJI} pl )t-..r iJ-?i Fi,f*; j'".J1 J.)J*lt .lt gilrl tJ,#I.it.,;,.!1 {.r.rtoJrr_-fl "fIt is He] who created death and life to testwhich "[It IIel created test which of you is best in conduct; and He is the Mighty, the is best conduct; is Mighty, Forgiving." Forgiving." Qur'an 67:2 Qur'an 67:2 {'}.w ~i ~i ~# ~ 40tj JPi~' Js- ~ ~ Ul} {y* g,..ri a+-iert+l SJ"r; .r.r!r sle b t l'" u!} "surely I5o havecreated thirt is on earth ss its "Surely .54 have created all that is on earth as its ornaments mev testwhich them is best ornaments that I may test which of them is best in conduct." in conduct.tt Qu r' a n 18:7 Qur'an l 8 : 7 3r r'1y*" in the originat Arabic is the majestic'we,' refening to God. 54 "We" the original Arabic majestic 'we,' referring God.
    • fhe P"rpose Crrtlly The Purpose ofCreation "f Isol __r Thus, the purposefor the creationof humanbeingsin Thus, the purpose for the creation of human beings in this world is to test their conduct. 55 This world of life and this world is to testtheir conduct.st Thir world of life and death, wealth and poveny, sicknessand health,was created death, wealth and poverty, sickness and health, was created to sift out the righteoussoulsfrom the evil souls.Human to sift out the righteous souls from the evil souls. Human conductin this world is the measure faith. conduct in this world is the measure of faith. lt shouldbenoted,however, that the tests conductare It should be noted, however, that the tests of conduct are not to inform God abouthumankind, He knew everything not to inform God about humankind, for He knew everything for there was to know aboutthem beforeHe created there was to know about them before He created them. The them.The tests serve to confirm on the Day Judgmentthat those tests serve to confirm on the Day of Judgment that those going to hell deserve andthosegoing to paradise going to hell deserve it and those going to paradise only got only got there by God's grace. With regard to human beings in this there by God's grace.With regard humanbeingsin this life, thetestof conduct;erves basicpurposes: two life, the test ofconduct,serves two basic purposes: one, human one,human spiritualgrowth, and the other,punishment reward. spiritual growth, and the other, punishment or reward. Spiritual Growth The testsof this The tests of this world are primarily for the spiritual are the spiritual growth of humanbeings.Just as an intensefire separates growth of human beings. Just as an intense separates pure gold from the rough ore to which it is bound in nature, pure gold from the rough ore which is bound in nature, testspurifo the moral character the believers. tests purify the moral character of the believers. They force of They force the believers choosetheir higherspiritualqualities the believers to choose their higher spiritual qualities over over their lower desires. their lower desires. Although not everytest is passed, Although not every test is passed, even even in failurethe believergrows by learning failure the believer grows learning spirituallessons spiritual lessons to help him or her in futuretests. help him her future tests. ss See 55 See alsoChapterHood (l l):7 also Chapter Hood (11):7.
    • The Purpose ofCreation of Creation Generosity and Contentment Generosity Contentment For example, in all human societiesthe qualities of example, human societies the qualities of generosity and contentment are considered among the most generosity and contentmentare consideredamong most noble characteristics. However, neither of thesetraits can noble characteristics.However, neither of these can dev.elop ifeveryone has the same amount ofwealth. Generosity develop ifeveryonehasthe sameamountof wealth.Generosity can 0!1ly be acqui~ed when the- human soul-aware that can o$y be acquired when the'humansoul-aware that sharing with the needy is good-struggles againstits desire sharing the needy is against desire to hoard its possessions. On the other hand,contentmentis hoard its possessions. the other hand, contentment produced when the soul defeats the evils of enry and greed. produced when the soul defeats evils of envy and greed. the The Creator wisely sets the stage for these spiritual struggles The Creatorwisely setsthe stage thesespiritual struggles by unequallydistributingwealth in this world. ln Chapter by unequally distributing wealth in this world. In Chapter an-Nab.l of the final revelation, Allah says: an-Nahl the final revelation, says: {Jj) J ~ .;s- ~ }., .i»IJ} {O;rl'd *dr rfut j...Gi il'r} *Allah has some of 'you "Allah has favored some of 'you over others in gugtenance.tt sustenance." Qur'ann16:711 Qur'a l6:7 Greed and stinginess are corrupt forms the natural Greed -and stinginess are corrupt forms of the natural human desire to possess.The believersare informed human desire to possess. The bel ievers are informed by revelation that wealth is a trust given to humankind by God. revelation that wealth is a tnlst given humankind God. before humansare born and Possessions exist in the world before humans are born and Possessionsexist the remain there after they die. If wealth is usedaccording remain there after they die. If wealth is used according to benefitsthosewho have in both divine instructions, it benefits those who have it in both divine instructions, is usedselfishly, becomes curse this a worlds. But if it is used selfishly, it becomes a curse in this worlds. But life and a causefor punishment the next. In Chaptera/- in life and a cause for punishment in the next. In Chapter al- Anfaal of the final revelation, God warns the believers to Anfaal the final revelation.God warns the believers beware the dangers wealth and children: beware of the dangers of wealth and children:
    • TheePurpose ofCreation n Th Purpose f Creatio o fsTt .. {4.o:oi ~.:l':iJiJ ~,.,.i wi ~'J} {es frf:ir r.(lryi rytrrl} (Know that your wealth and children are a test." "Know end sre I Qur'an 8:28 Qur'an 8:28 God further warns the believers in Chapter.a/- God further warns the believers in Chapter' al- Munaafiqoon no{ let their desire MUlJaafiqoon not to let their desire for wealth and children wealth and children divert them from obedience to Him, for this is the test of divert them from obedience this is the test of possessions. possessions. {.i» .;r~ ~ ~.:l':iJi ':iJ ~,.,.i ~ ~ .f"I~ loft.ill ~i~} {lrr fi if fsIli fr rr(Jrr.iFftb f rj:,h;*.rlr qirr} "O believers! yourwealth "0 believers! Do not allow your wealth and children divert to divert you from the remembrance of Allah." of Allah." Qur'an 63:9 Qur'an63:9 {~I.i~ l.J~~ ~~~.:l~ Jj~~)J} {fuu t sr f*J .rra:: p otg(r" Cl:} '6He raised some of "He raised some of you over others in rank to test rank granted you with what He granted you." with Q u r ' a n6 :1655 Qur'an 6: 1 6 The desire accumulate wealth cannot be satisfied The desire to accumulatewealth cannotbe satisfiedin this life. The more human beings have, the more they want. this life. The more humanbeingshave,the morethey want. The Prophet (S) stated,"If a man had a valley of gald, he Prophet (~) stated, "If man ofgald. he would desire another,for nothing u,ill fill his mouth but the desire another, for willfill his dirt [of his graveJ. And Allah forgives whoever sincerely dirt [of his grave]. And Allah forgives sincerely repents."56This negativedesirecan only be overcomeby repents.,,56 negative desire can be overcome # SahihAl-Bukhari, vol. pp. 56 Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 8, pp. 297-8. no. 447. 297-8. no. 447.
    • ThePurposeof Creation The Purpose of Creation of one's wealth charitably.Thus, giving of one's wealth charitably. Thus, Allah commanded commanded the prophets collect charity the prophets to collect charity from the more wealthy among the more wealthy among distribution amongthe poor. their followers for distribution among the poor. followers {If.t ~il J ~~ 4j..L..P ~'Jo"i ~ ~} {g F.{5- ercl,r $.r.p d'r.f i/ it} j1 "Take charity their purify "Take charity from their wealth to purify them grow." and make them grow." mrke Qur'ann9::1033 Qur'a 9 10 Charity was institutionalized in Islam from its inception Charity was institutionalizedin Islamfrom its inception under the Arabic name, Zakaah 57 (compulsory charity). Every under the name,Zalcsahsi (compulsorycharity). Every surpluswealth is obliged give a set portion believer with surplus wealth is obliged to give a set portion believer the needyannuallyas an act of worship. of it to the needy annually as an act of worship. To withhold of Zakaah is considered a major sin. Giving this charity helps Zakaah is considered major sin. Giving this charity helps a wealth is not the believers to realize that their wealth is not their own to the believers realizethat do as they please. teaches do with as they please. It teaches them that they are only them that they are temporary custodians this wealth mustgive a portion temporary custodians of this wealth who must give a portion of of it to those who are destitute. Consequently, God describes of thosewho are destitute. Consequently, God describes true believers thosewho recognize right of the needy true believers as those who recognize the right of the needy as the to a portion their wealth. toa portion of their wealth. {~J~'J JiiJJ ~ ~'yi JJ} {t.rrt J''1 jJW o' *ltr.i *tr} "And in their wealth the beggars and needy have "And their heggars needy have a right." a right." Qur'an n l : 1 9 Q u r ' a 51:19 5 57 Literally zakaah means 'purification' and 'growth'. 57 Literally zakaahmeans'purification' and'growth'
    • The The Purpose ofCreation of Creotion However, giving in charity shouldbe donesincerely However, giving in charity should be done sincerely for the pleasure God, and not the pleasure of God, and not for show or control of others. show or control others. The rewardfor charity is completelylost when is done The reward for charity is completely lost when it is done for worldly gains. Allah addressesthis reality in Chaptera/- worldly gains. Allah addresses this reality in Chapter al- Baqarah as follows: Baqarah as follows: {',",~~IJ ~4 ~iJ...p I~ ~ Ip,. ~.lh .tt~} {'.rrlrj Cr.tUn*UJ.r l}le+i 1 l.;rb ,}riJl Qlr-} "O believers, "0 believers, do not destroy your acts of charity your acts of charity generosity and by reminders of your generosity and by injury." injury." Qur'an 2:264 Qur'an2:254 Craving wealth is further enhanced Craving for wealth is further enhanced by envy. envy. Consequently, God also instructed not desirewhat He Consequently, God also instructed us not to desire what He us has given others.God addresses has given others. God addresses this issue in Chapter an- this issue Chaptet Nisaa'of the final revelation follows: Nisaa' of the final revelation as follows: as {~js- ~ '4~' j..:Ai l.a I~ ~J} {'p. Jt p.fu4 or.irrJtai r" r9r.sI;} "Do not wish for that by which Allah has favored "Do for that Allah has some of you over others." some of others.tt Qur'an 4:32 Qur'an4:32 The Prophet (~) reiterated divine pieceof advice, The Prophet(4E) reiterated this divine piece of advice, this saying, "Look to those less fortunate than you, and do not saying, those lessfortunate than you, look to thoseaboveyou; it is betterfor you, in order that you those above you, do deny what has blessed you v'ith."58 do not denywhatAllah has blessed When human vou with. ,,58 When human t r S a h i h A l - B u k h a r v,o l . 8 , p . 3 2 8 . i 58 Sahih Al-Bukhari. vol. 8. p. 328. n o . 497. .anddSahih h u s l i m ,vol.. 4.. p . Muslim. v o l 4 p. no. 4 9 7 a n S a h i M I 530.no. 7070. 1530. no. 7070.
    • The Purpose of Creation beings focus their attentionon thosewho have more wealth beings focus attention those have more wealth than they do, envy beginsto develop.They usually feel and than do, begins develop. usually feel and express that God has been unfair to them. Ultimately, they express has been them. they may commit many sins to fulfill their desirefor what others may commit many sins fulfill desire others have. Instead, Islam advises them to considerthose less have. Instead, Islam advises them consider those less fortunate than themselves. No matter how difficult fortunate than themselves. matter difficult circumsta;nces may be, there are always others in more circumstances may be, there are always others more difficult situations. Consequently, reflecting on others less diffrcult sinrations.Consequently, reflecting others less fo.rtunatereminds hu.man beings of the m~ny bounties fortunate remindshuman beingsof the many bountieswith which God has blessed them. It is in this spiritual struggle which God has blessed them. is this spiritualstruggle of avoiding envy that the higher quality of contentment of avoiding envy that the higher quality of contentment develops. Furthermore, according the teachingsof the develops. Furthermore, according to the teachings of the prophets,materialpossessions constitutethe real wealth prophets, material possessions do not constitute the real wealth do of this world. Aboo Hurayrah quoted the last Messenger (~) of this world. Aboo Hurayrahquotedthe last Messenger (d*) as saying, "Wealth is not [measured] in property, but in as saying, "F[/'ealth [measuredJ property, contentment. ,,59 contentment."59 doesnpt meanthat-human beingsshould Being content does npt mean that human beings should Being content acceet whatever circumstance they find themselves, in ~nd not accepJ whatevercircumstance they themselvesin 4nd not t y to betterthemselves. meansthat, after strivingto do one's try to better themseJves. It means that, after striving io do one's best achievea good standard living, one shouldaccept best to achieve a good standard of living, one should accept destineswith a clearconscience. is only by what Allah destines with a clear conscience. It is only by what ofGod, aftermakinganeffo4 leaving one's affairs in the hands ofGod, after making an effort, leavingone'saffairsin thehands rest from the desires the pleasures that the hearts find rest from the desires for the pleasures that the hearts of this world. In this regard, God states in Chapter ar-Ra'd this world. In this regard,God statesin Chapter of the final revelation: the final revelation: 59 Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 8. p. 304, no. 453,
    • fhe P"rprt" rf Crttttu Tht Purpose of Creation [s6f _t {y.#JI ~ ~I ~~ ~f} {+ptt ,jr"l" Ar'f* ft} "Indeed, it is in the remembrance of Allah that "Indeed, it is in the remem brance of Allah that heefts find rest." hearts find rest." Qur'an n13:288 Qur'a l3:2 Calamities Calamities Tests this life alsocomein the form .misfortune' Tests of this life also come in the fonn of 'misfortune" and calamitieswhich contributeto the spiritualgrowth the and calamities which contribute to the spiritual growth of the true believers and purify them of sin. Conversely, life's tests true believers furiff them sin.conversely,life's tests and misfortunereminderrantbelievers return the correct of misfortune remind errant believers to return to the correct to path,and they punish disbelievers in this life before the next. path, and they punishdisbelievers this in beforethe next. Patience Patience calamities are the 'foundation on which the higher Calamities are the foundatio' on which the higher spiritual qualityof patience developed. consequently,it is spiritualquality of patience is developed. is Consequently, is not surprisingto find that the righteo-us subjectto many surprising that the righteous are subject many are trage~ies and-difficulties In tbeir lives~ Sa'd reported.that he tragediesanddifficultiesin their lives.sa'd reponedthathe askedtheProphet(*) whoamongmankindhadthe mosttrials, asked the Prophet (:~) who among mankind had the mosttrials, and he replied, "The prophets, Ihen those most like them and he replied, prophets, then those most them and then those most like then. Man is testedaccording to then those them. tested level ofhis faith. If faith firm. the level of his faith. If his faith is firm, his trials increase trials severity, and if in severity, and if there is weaknessin hisfaith, he u,ill be weakness his faith, will tried accordingly."oo tried accordingly. ,,60 True patienceis the productof completetrust in God at True patience is the product of complete trust in God at the time of calamity.Trust in one'sLord is an importantaspect the time of calamity. Trust in one's Lord is an important aspect o Collected by at~Tirmi!hee and Ibn M~jah and authenticated in (iaheeb. 60 cof lectedby at-Tirmitheeand Ibn Maaiah and authenticatedin saheeh Sunanat-Tirmilhee.vol. 2. p. 286. no. 1956. Sunan at- Tirmi!.b.ee. vol. 2. p. 286. no. 1956.
    • The Purpose ofCreation The Parpose of Creation of worship and the naturalconsequence real faith. Since of worship and the natural consequence of real faith. Since meansacceptingthat nothing takesplacein belief in Allah means accepting that nothing takes place in the universe withoutHis permission, only Allah deserves then the universe without His permission, then only Allah deserves humankind's complete trust.For. is only God'spromise that humankind's complete trust. For, it is only God's promise that is neverbroken. matterhow righteousa humanbeing may is never broken. No matter how righteous a human being may she is capable error.Humans always let be, he or she is capable of error. Humans will always let be, he each other down due their erring nature.Consequently, each other down due to their erring nature. Consequently, Allalr quotesProphet Jacobin ChapterYoosuf saying: Allah quotes Prophet Jacob in Chapter Yoosufas saying: as I {4Jys'~' JS' ~~).;$ y ~ ~ "ll ~ 4Jl} +J*r .:5j 4r ii} )l r}G.Jrtl} {o_rtEr"l, J51,a)o "The decision rests only with Allah. I put my trust decisionrests in Him alone, and all who trust should trust only alone,and should in Him." Qur'an ]2:67 Qur'an 12:67 Allah furtherassures humankind that if they put their Allah further assures humankind that if they put their completetrustin Him, He be sufficient them in their for complete trust in Him, He will be sufficient for them in their mosttrying times. most trying times. {~ ~ ~ Js- JS" ~~ J} {..,.--r# *' ,F ,F nrl1} "Whoever trusts in Allah, then He will suffice him." "ilhoeyer trusts Allah. then will suffice Qur'anu65:33 Qur'a 65: Trust in God is embodied the firm beliefthatAllah in Trust in God is embodied in the firm belief that Allah aloneknowsrvhatis bestfor hurnankind; firm beliefthat what alone knows what is best for humankind; firm belief that what humans may perceive beinggoodfor them may not, in as humans may perceive as being good for them may not, in the long run, be goodfor them.As Allah saidin Chapter the long run, be good for them. As Allah said in Chapter al-Baqarah: al-Baqarah.
    • lrnl fn" Prrp"tt Crr"tb, The Purpose of Creation "f u JAJ ~,~ 0i ~J ~ ~ JAJ ~ lJAP 0i ~J} JsJ U=$l1,.rr,i rt'S F ,- pf l.:rr lJ^F .li .r.-s;] r)i {oJ ~ ~ ~iJ ~ ~'J ~ ~ {liyllr; X p.ir d*,6,'-, $J ,- "Perhaps you may dislike something and is good "Perhaps you may dislike something and it is good you, and you may like something and is bad for you, and you may like something and it is bad you. for you. Allah knows and you do not." knows and you do Qur'an 2:216 Qur'an2:216 The trials by which Allah tests human beingsare The trials by which Allah tests human beings are specifically tailored to their own individual needs and specifically tailored to their own individual needsand circumstances. God creates trials eachpersonaccording circumstances. God creates trials for each person according their abilities in orderto bring out the bestin them. to their abilities in order to bring out the best in them. It to would be unfair and unjust humanbeingsto be tried would be unfair and unjust for human beings10 be tried beyond theircapacities thenbepunished their failures. and beyond their capacities and then be punished for their failures. for Consequently, God emphasizes manyverses the final in Consequently, God emphasizes in many verses of the final revelation that He is not unfair anyone.For example,He revelation that He is not unfair to anyone. For example, He saysin Chapter al-Kahf: says Chapteral-Kahf: {t.r-i ~) ~ 'lJ} {.i:l-i eLtrdl{ T.,} "And your Lord does oppress "And your Lord does not oppress anyone." Qur'an I 8:49 Qur'an 18:49 If Allah is truly just, it means If is means thatthe trials humanbeings that the trials human beings face in this life arenot beyond face this are beyond their ability to handle:In order handle: order to reassure reassure humankind, humankind, Allah statesthis fact repeatedly states this fact repeatedly in the Qur'an. An example His reassurance be found in the example ofof reassurance may be found may the secondchapter,entitled al-Baqarah: the second chapter, entitledal-Baqarah:
    • The Purpose ofCreation htrpose of Creotion {~J~!~~'~~} {td.-,r 1! L*ii ilr .,,,il5if} *Allah does not burden a soul beyond its capacity." "Allah does a beyond capacity.' Qur'an 2:286 Qur'an 2:286 Furthermore,the promisesthat the Furthermore, the Almighty promises that the difficult situationswhich humans face in situations which humans face in life will not be without not be without intervals rest.If trials werecontinuous theywould certainly intervals of rest. If trials were continuous they would certainly become unbearable. Consequently" everytest is followed by a become unbearable. Consequently. every test is followed by a perid relief,asAllah emphatically twice in Chapter period of relief, as Allah emphatically states twice in Chapter states al-Inshiraah: al-Inshiraaft: {,)"'""'! .,,-all ~ iJ! I)"'""'! .,,-al' ~ iJ 5} {'r-,- -rjt g. 0! rr-r- ,..-rjt g. ilp} *For "For surely with difficulty comes [a period of] with difficulty comes [a ofl ense. with ease. Surely with the difficulty comes [another difficulty comes [another period of] ease." o{f ease." Qur'an 94:5-6 Qur'an 94:5-6 Despair Despair It is due to this reality that suicide is explicitly prohibited is due thisrealitythatsuicideis explicitly prohibited in Islam. Allah says in Chapter an-Nisaa ': in Islam. says Chapteran-Nisaa': {~) ~ iJlS"~, iJ! ~i '# ~J} {r.*.r,5 ir'E.rr Ol.lfuti lrLa It} yourselves, surely "Do not kill yourselves, for surely Allah is merciful with you." Qur'an 4:29 Qur'an 4:29
    • Tn, P"rprt, Crr*i The Purpose ofCreation "f l?ol . t I tt I lr Those who commit suicideare basicallysayingthat Those who commit suicide are basically saying that God has burdened them beyondtheir capacity.They falsely God has burdened them beyond their capacity. They falsely accuse the creator of treatingthem unfairly andtherebyfall accuse the Creator of treating them unfairly and thereby fall into a corruptstateof disbelief. into a corrupt state of disbelief. Due to their rejection of faith, Dueto theirrejection faith, of their thoughts aboutGod become their thoughts about God become evil and they fall into utter evil andthey fall into uffer despair. "Life," as they often say,,.is so unfair that it is despair. "Life," as they often say, "is so unfair that it is pointless go on living." to pointless to go on living." {lJ J)lS:J 1 ~jill ~1 ~ C)J .:r J'~ ~ ~t} {ir1j$r fl4lt T! rlr 3;.r d/ -,,,! 1 4j!} only a disbelieving people despair "Surely only a disbelieving people despair of mercy." Allah's mercy." Qur'an 12:87 7 Qur'an 12:8 Consequently, God has informedhumankind Consequently, God has informed humankind that the that the punishment thosewho harborevi I thoughtsabout Him is punishment for those who harbor evil thoughts about is the eternal tormentof hell. In Chapter al-Fat-hAttah says: the eternaltonnent of hell. In chapteral-Fat-lJ. Allah says: ~~ ~15"."..w'J a{rijr1 ;pU--bJt .rtfriJr; ~ ;oWlJ .ttriu.Jr; i^rrt;*Jtt;j--f } ~~L:..JJ ~L:..JI Y~J} g+-.tl Fts-lt)G eirr~J ,~r-l' i;Tl ,r6J* ,J-Jt Ob Irr, ~J ,e k '--ar-l pJr o;T~ ~ ~r-l ~ k4 {~~LJ~~~iJ {'.0*, *:tL; F-fi .r4J.r*i-1 "That He may punish the hypocrites,men and "That He may punish the hypocrites, men and women, and the idolaters, men and women, who women, and the idolaters, men and women, who harbor evil thoughts about Allah. An evil torment harbor evil thoughts about Allah. An evil torment will encompassthem, forAllah is angry with them will encompass them, for Allah is angry with them and curses them. And He has prepared hell for and curses them. And He has prepared hell for them; an evil end." them; an evil end." Qur'an 48:6 Qur'an 48:6
    • fn, P"rprt" rt Cr"ftt The Purpose ofCreation tg! Hope Hope On the otherhand,the divine promises On the other hand, the divine promises ofjustice and ofjustice and mercy fill the believerswith the confidencenecessary mercy fill the believers with the confidence necessary to to patientlyfacethe difficultiesof this Iife. Consequently, patiently face the difficulties of this life. Consequently, hope hope in the mercyof God is an essential part of faith. Thosewho in the mercy of God is an essential part of faith. Those who believe in Allah and patientlystriveto do what is right have believe in Allah and patiently strive to do what is right have the right to hopefor His mercy,for He haspromisedto help the right to hope for His mercy, for He has promised to help and supportthosewho are palient: and support those who ate patient: {~!~ t- ~I~! ~~IJ?~ Jo~-!';. " ;-~ ~~I ~"G} {+-r,riol'gil' athsl ,Jarjgaiti#;d,*+rr ft{ U} "O believers, seek help patience and "0 believers, seek help in patience and prayer. is those Truly, Allah is with those who are patient." are Qur'an 2: 153 Qur'an 2:153 'cLfri ~~f ~, ~ ;rt"+':itr6 ~~'J l;-~ ~~ ~!} 1 J"'-. J IJJA~J IJf-Le ,t_liiro ++rr Lt} {?'r"rP ~J~' i*;1 o;t;- {~~ ~~ hirlr ~~ ~~~ "Surely those who believed, emigrated and strove "Surely those believed, for the sake of Allah, hopefor Allah,s mercy, for for sake of Allah, hope for Allah's mercy, Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most-Merciful." Most-Merciful." Qur'an 2:218 Qur'an 2:218 Of course, paradiseis the reward for patiencebased Of course, paradise reward p~tience based on sincere sincere beliefin God.God informsthe believers their God. God informs the believers of their of rewardas follows: reward as foHows: 4yL-ir11a U! ijd "^;=";'#.*,iii1 ~-y:~1 l'l ~! U!J ~ 11 ~:_~a~ ~~l H! ;;jJr,s+..6t l)~ ~~I ?-iJ} {~~~ {o'*..(,
    • The Purpose ofCreation " ...so announce glad tidings [of paradise] to those "...so announce [of paradise] those those afflicted with who are patient; those who, when afllicted with say: Truly belong Allah calamity, say: Truly we belong to Allah and to Him we will return." Him will return." Qur'an 2::155-6 6 Qu'an 2 155- Patience also based on the on that whateverbefalls Patience is also based the belief that whatever befalls mankind is fundamentally a consequence of their own evil mankind is fundamentallya consequence of deeds. 61 God reminds humankind of this reality in Chapter deeds.6rGod remindshumankind this reality Chapter of reveiation,saying: ash-Shooraa of the final revelation, saying: ash-Shooraaofthe {~ ~ iiJ"'tJ~, ~ -~ .. ' ~.,' .~ ('.~f {-g,r rtr6{i z# W ~". r <-:w,f :I'} ~ . V # ~ "-i;;ai u-ry : ,.~, a J t .esult of what your "Whatever befalls you is a result of what your "Whatever hands have earned. And He pardons much." hands have earned. Qur'an 42:30 Qur'an 42:30 humans much their The fact is, God has excused humans for much of their The fact is, God hasexcused evil. WereHeto punishthemstrictlyaccording their deeds, evil. Were He to punish them strictly according to their deeds, they and all on earthwould be destroyed. God addresses this they and all on earth would be destroyed. God addresses this issue in Chapter Faa[ir as follows: issuein Chapter Faagiras follows: {4ii;.. A.Jr~ ~r:: ~ i~.tJ' !}l 1» 1o.,.J ·x } t{,t ~ 6}h &IG li.r 6iF ~'u,,t' itt ju;t3i-'ijl " U .~i4 .J,(- t ' .Jt.J'J "And if Allah were to punish -people for what "And if Allih people they earned, He would not leave a living creature elrned, leave a on the face of the earth." on face the earth.t' Qur'an 35:45 Qur'an 35:45 6r In fact. all of the corruption on earth is a product of human misdeeds. 61 fact. all the corruption on earth is a product human misdeeds. Allah states that in Chapter ar-Room (30):41. quoted later in this booklet. Allah states that in Chapterar-Room(30):41.quotedlater in this booklet.
    • l r r l TheeP u r p o sof Creationo n T h Purpose o f C r e a t i e ,. Consequently, both the trials of good and the tests of Consequently, both the trials of good and the tests of evil benefit the believer. The lives of the true believersare evil benefit the believer. The lives of the true believers are balanced betweenthe extremesof human behavior.They balanced between the extremes of human behavior. They neither become happywith life's successes they forget so neither become so happy with life's successes that they forget that God, nor do they becomeso depressed with life's difficulties God, nor do they become so depressed with life's difficulties and failures that they lose hope in God. Instead,they and failures that they lose hope in God. Instead, they remember theirLord andBenefactor, trust in His decisions. remember their Lord and Benefactor, and trust in His decisions. and ~uhayb ibn Sinaan related that the Messenger of Allah (~) Suhayb ibn Sinaanrelated that the Messenger Allah (*) said, "The of the believer is amazing! The whole of his said, "The affair ofthe believer is amazing! The whole ofhis is beneficial, is the case of the believer. life is beneficial, and that is only in the case ofthe believer. When times come him, he is thanffil When good times come to him, he is thankful and it is good is for him, when times him, he is for him, and when bad times befall him, he is patient and it is is godfor him.,,62 This is the state of one who has accepted also goodfor him.'$2This is the stateof onewho hasaccepted also God's destiny.Consequently, in both the goodand the God's destiny. Consequently, belief in both the good and the apparentevil of what hasbeen destinedis the sixth apparent evil of what has beendestined is the sixth pillar of faith in Islam. faith in Islam. On the other hand,if the believers On the other hand, if the believers experience life experience a devoid of any problems,it should be taken as a sign that devoid of any problems, should be taken as sign that something is wrong. Under suchcircumstances, true something is wrong. Under such circumstances, the true the believermusttaketime out andreflecton the realities his or believer must take time and reflect on the realities of his of her life. Either the testsare not obviousand they are unaware her life. Either the tests are not obvious and they are unaware of them or they havedeviatedfrom the right path.Allah of them they have deviated from the right path. informs the believersin Chapterat-Tawbahthat the apparent informs the believers Chapter at-Tawbah that the apparent enjoyment which the disbelievers takefrom their great wealth enjoymentwhich thedisbelievers from theirgreatwealth take andchildrenis only a prelude theirpunishment. and children is only prelude to their punishment. t' Sahih 62 Sahih M u s l i m ,vol.. 4 . p . 1 5 4 1 . o . 7 1 3 8 Muslim, v o l 4. p. 1541. n 7138. no.
    • r.......':L The Purpose of Creation of _ fl . ~.·J'~~f1»,~*!-: ~ J (WT Y .~. r;l JW"J;~'r ~l~'f~~~} .,r-1 q H.i * bfii'r+l.6lF!rJi;J Lil'rf crh'ri J ~ ~ ("+! {~/)~ ;.A~ ~f JAj~ ~iJ {a#;? F; il$i 4,n'y'rg!.,sr "I)o be awed their their children. "Do not be awed by their wealth or their children. Allah only wishes to punish them with these things Allah wishes with these their souls in this life and allow their souls to die while they are in a state of disbelief." state of Qur'an 9:85 Qur'an 9:85 This is not say that the believers shouldyearn This is not to say that the believersshould yearn for problems and calamitiesin their lives, Allah hastaught problems and calamities in their lives, for Allah has taught them pray:"Our us a hurden them to pray: "Our Lord, do not put on us a burden like what you placed on those before US.,,63 Instead, they should placedon those before us.'t'-tInstead, they should whatevertrialsHe hasspared them.However, thank Allah for whatever trials He has spared them. However, thank Allah in times ease they mustremainvigilant and not become in times of ease they must remain vigilant and not become oblivious tests, and happiness success often blind oblivious to tests, for success and happiness often blind people the trials life. people to the trials of life. Reminder Reminder serveas a punishingreminder those Tests sometimes serve as a punishing reminder to those Tests sometimes goneastrayand an encouragement them who have gone astray and an encouragement for them to who have return to the correctpath. When peopledeviate,they seldom return to the correct path. When people deviate, they seldom listen the advice thosearoundthem. However.when a listen to the advice of those around them. However, when a calamity strikes them or those near and dear to them, it jolts calamity strikes them thosenearand dear them, thosewho still havesomefaith into recognizing their effor. those who still have some faith into recognizing their error. {ai.|'|^iilrl,rlt ,-,r;;it ;rlr ,-,rjiir ill ;1 6r Soorah aJ-Baqarah (2):286. 6J Soorahal-Baqarah(2):286
    • The Purpose ofCreation 's164 "164 will make them taste a lesser punishment will make them taste a lesser punishment before the greater punishment that perhaps they before the greater punishment that perhaps they may return [to the right pathl." may return [to the right path]." Qur'an 32:21 Qur'an 32:21 The testof calamities which remindhumankind their The test of calamities which remind humankind of their of deviationmay come in the form of man's inhumanityto his deviation may come in the form of man's inhumanity to his fellow man, as in the caseof the unspeakable fellow man, as in the case of the unspeakable atrocities atrocities unleashed the Serbs against the Bosnian Muslims who had unleashed bybythe serbsagainst Bosnian the Muslimswho had strayed far away from Islam,or saddam'sbrutal invasion strayed far away from Islam, or Saddam' s brutal invasion Kuwait andAmerica'ssubsequent indiscriminate of Kuwait and America's subsequent indiscriminate bombing bombing of civilian targets in Iraq. Allah points out that whatever civilian targets in Iraq. Allah pointsout that whatever humans suffer at the hands other humans, humans suffer at the hands of other humans, they brought they brought upon themselves. However,the sufferingis a reminder upon themselves. However, the suffering is a reJ!linder toto returnto the path of righteousness. return to the path of righteousness . '&-a+J.-rr 1r ~ ~ .} :..u L....JI ~,-. ~.~Jft' -,;;UI f r ~'I' I'll ':.i:.} ~--,~ sr:il#';" FJ'; ..r'~. i*lj, ;gl , {~ P.r..- ~;'I' ~~_ ~- -.- . .i_c. .is, -.. lt+'t-il$ ir,rt +rnt ,-i*. 6'Corrufiion has appeared "Corruption has appeared on the land and in the sea becauseof what man's hands have earned,in sea because of hands have earned, in order that [Allahf may make them taste a part of order that [Allah] taste part of what they have done, and in order that thev mav what they have done, and in order that they may return Ito the right path]." return [to the right path]." Qur'an 30:41 Q u r ' a n3 0 : 4 1 64 *1tr;r.r'in 64 "We" in the originalArabic is the majestic'we.'referring God. the original Arabic is the majestic ·we.' referring to God. to
    • The Purpose ofCreation The of Creatian Hypocrisy Calamitiesalso exposethosewho falsely Calamities also expose those who falsely claim faith, as faith, as as show thosewho disbelievethat they choosehell well as stmw those who disbelieve that they choose hell by their own free There have beenmany cases people their own free will. There have been many cases of people converting Islam the wrong reasons, converting to Islam for the wrong reasons, and after finding and after more difficulties in their lives than prior to their conversion, more difficulties in their livesthan prior to their conversion, they revert their former beliefs. God statesin Chapter they revert to their former beliefs. God states in Chapter al- 'Ankaboor the final 'Ankaboot of the final revelation: revelation: ti st ri;lt-r ..AJ €t;i jii uiirr'ioi,"or L.-;(l ~~J ~~ ~ jp; ~~ ij~ ~f ij;; ~f ~!JI ~f} {c*,i63rinrffilij*c*. br';.ju1r1g5 {~~Sjl ~I ~:.jJ i)J.:p ~~I ~I :;.iA;ij ~ ~!:i ~ ~~I neit, "Do people "Do people imagine that they will be left alone will be alone and not tested with affliction because they say, tested with aflliction because say, 'We ~5 'We believe'? Indeed, 1 have tested thos~ before t't have tested those • you. Allah will know those who are truthful and Allah will those truthful those who lie." those Qur'an 29:2 Qw'an 29:2 Punishnent Punishptent Those transgressthe Those who transgress the limits set by God expose set God expose themselves to punishment this life and the next. Throughout themselves punishment in this in andthe next.ThFoughout the Qur'an, describes past the Qur'an, Allah describes numerous past nations who rejected numerous nations who rejected divine guidance and were subsequently divine guidance and were subsequently destroyed. These destroyed. These stories serve as warningsto humanityof the consequences stories serve as warniJlgs humanity of the consequences of rebellionagainst commandments God. In Chapter of rebellion against the commandments of God. Chapter the of an-Noor, Allah gives a generalwarning as follows: an-Noor, gives general warning as follows: 55 "yy.r' 65 "We" in the original Arabic is the majestic 'we,' referring to Cod- the original the majestic 'we,' referring God.
    • l / - - fn" nrp"t" rI?r""t*" The Purpose ofCreation I rlt U I ., , , . t, :: ,.'. " !.., t, 'oAo;;ifr . t, . , " .~I~ ~' : i, ~} "e ._,41 J ~ ~ lJ Of .:r lJ~1li""! iJ.":!'J) _,qii1 "{~r~,Js 1ii -';rl; 53L€t those "Let those who contradict his command beware a his commtnd beware a trial a ltevere trial or a severe punishment." Qur'an 24:63 Qur'an 24:63 The punishment may come a variety different ways. The punishment may come in a variety of different ways. Perhapsthe most obvious punishment afflicting humankind Perhaps the most obvious punishment humankind in all counffiestoday is the disease AIDS,66 in all countries today is the disease AIDS,66 which appeared which appeared the first time in medicalhistory in the beginning the for the first time in medical history in the beginning of the '80's.6?The vast majority thosewho are affectedby '80'S.67 The vast majority of those who are affected by it around the globeare the promiscuous. Initially homosexuals around the globe arethe promiscuous. Initially homosexuals werethemainvictims,thenbisexuals, followedby promiscuous were the main victims, then bisexuals, followed by promiscuous heterosexuals intravenous and drug users. ofthesegroups heterosexuals and intravenous drug users. All ofthese groups were in open rebellion against the divine laws that restrict were in openrebellionagainstthe divine lawsthat restrict sexual relations malesand femaleswithin the bounds of sexual relations to males and females within the boundsof marriage and those laws that prohibit the use of intoxicants. marriage andthoselaws that the use of intoxicants. Some may point out that AIDS was also spreadto chaste Some may out that was also spread chaste individuals throughblood transfusions to childrenby individuals through blood transfusions and children by and their parents. their parents. However,medicalstatistics However, medical statistics show that such show that such casesarerelativelyfew in comparison the othercategories. cases are relatively comparison to the other categories. In any case,Allah has warned in Chapteral-Anfaal of the any case, has warned Chapter al-Anfaal of the tr 66 Acquiredimmunedeficiencysyndrome (AIDS) is a conditiontransmined Acquired immune deficiency syndrome condition transmitted by a virus which anacksttrebody's syst€mof defenceagainst disease. attacks the system of defence agains disease. leaving leaving the sufferer extremely vulnerable disease the sufferer extremely vulnerable to disease and likely to die eventuallyfiom and eventually trom any one that he or she catches.(Chambers PocketDictionary, p t9 ) anyone that he or she catches. (Chambers Pocket Dictionary, p. 19.) 6? It tras 67 It was first identified in 1981.(The New EncvclopaediaBritannica, first identified in 1981. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, v o f. 1 0 ,p . 6 7 6 . ) vol. 10, p. 676.)
    • fn, nrprt" tf Cr"tt*" The Purpose ofCreation U final revelationthat when His punishmentcomesit is not final revelation that when His punishment comes it is not limited to the evil, but affectsthe societyas a whole. limited to the evil, but affects the society as a whole. ~ ~f i~(, ~~ ~ i~ ~~ ~:_;o1 ~ ~ i.,i1IJ} lnrlf r-,[bt zbv'Jq.r{ib ,y-$r T i4 i-,ii'r} i# {y~I~~ {+qlr fu+s "Beware of a trial "Beware of a trial which will not amict only the afflidt only the among you, and sinful among you, and know that Allah is severe is severe punishment." in punishment." Qur'an 8:25 Qur'an 8:25 One thousand hundredyearsagohophet Muhammad One thousand four hundred years ago Prophet Muhammad (*) (~) prophesied coming sucha trial. Ibn 'Umar quoted the prophesied the coming of such a trial. Ibn 'Vmar quoted as saying, "Fl4tenever him as saying," Whenever promiscuity is openly practiced openly practiced among a people, a plagae and anguish will spread among among people, plague ang;uishwill among them whichwas unknown them which was unknown to their predecessors."ut predecessors.,,68 However, Ho*ever, AIDS is only one in a series of diseases. Before AIDS, a is only ~ne in a series diseases. of Before AIDS, a warning came in the form of another disease called herpes, warning camein the form of anotherdisease calledherpes, which became which became widespread widespread amongthe sexuallypromiscuous among the sexually promiscuous beginningin the 1960s and '70s.It was declared epidemic beginning the 1960s and '70s. was declared an epidemic an in America in the mid-seventies, thereis no known cure America the mid-seventies, and there and known cure for it until today.People'sattentionswitchedfrom it by the today. People's attention switched the end of the '70s because was not fatal,6e end of the '70s because it was fatal,69 while AIDS was. was. 6t Collected by M~iah and authenticated in s.ab.eeb. Sunan lbn Maajah, " coflectedby Ibn Maajahand authenticated gafueefisunan Maajah, Ibn vol. 2. p. 370, no. 3246. vol. 2, p. 370, no. 3246. tt when 69 When symptoms symptoms occur,fever and malaiseare followed by burningpain in occur, fever and malaise are followed by burning pain in the genitalareaand enlargement ttre lymph nodesin the groin. Blistersand the genital area and enlargement of the lymph nodes in the groin. Blisters and of small ulcers are usually found in the areaof infection. and there is severe small ulcers are usually found in the area of infection. and there is severe pain and burning upon urination. (?"heNew EncyclopaediaBritannica, pain and burning upon urination. (The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, v o l .2 1 ,p . 5 3 6 . ) vol. 21. p. 536.)
    • The Purpose of Creation Purpose of Creation ilhy Did God Create the World? Why Create PURPOSE, RELATIVE HUMANKIND. which RELATIVE TO HUMANKIND, l'ORwhich fTtHEHE PURPOSE, TO FOR T I 'the world and its contents -the world and its contents werecreatedis specifically were created is specifically I defined in the final revelation. defined the final revelation. Allah saysin Chapters Ibraaheerrand al-An''aam:# Ibraaheem and a/-An aam:# says Chapters (.~U rt ~WI cr Jtit J ./}~'J r]l;Lr-lt 6lt .riJr drr| CF.J ~L.. "I.-Jt iJ' JJi ; sltl ~)U ~ ~..u, .i»1} J oy! .,r.Jr g;ts cllilr ~ ,*, ts u;, c;rr.:ltgr t 0...... 4 ~ ,/ ,-?~~, F ~J ~ ij) ~'."..:J';r 4.! ~) ~h ~) ~ ~ ~). .ltgr1r r*: Jutg-;Tr r*.Jrl r..l'Jr F -pS. JI+i~' F ~) ~ {rreJ'; ~ {J~J #'#J j.:J "Allah is the one Who created the heavens and the "Allah is the one created the heevens earth and sent the and earth and sent down rain from the sky and with it brought out fruit for your provision. He has put fruit has ships in service, sailing through the sea ships in your service, sailing through the sea by His command; and likewise He has put the rivers in command; and likewise He has the rivers the sun and moon your service. He has also put the sun and moon in your service.He has also to you; and He made their orbits to be of service to you; and He made their orbits to be of senice the night and day in your setryice." the night and day in your service." Qur'an 14:32-33 Qur'an 14:32-33 ~~ ,;4-'- ~J ~J ~ ~ ~J r.~~ JIj} eJ-J'i ut,-.r -jrrl.p;Jr, u(,.plr ]ql3l'r)t du) ~ ~ J~ ~~ ~ ~ I$jJ Jib) .~ jtjAl;..J.Aj ..# ra r;-ua:l f3z"Jl F jtt giiit rrr 'n'lrlt -iiFt ./-$i {iJ~ ~~ ~4~ W,.aj J,j ~J.r.3 ~~ {O-r"t--pyJ .:u-lt Ll-4, .ri ,r,Jt, ,Jt +t Ib
    • The Purpose ofCreation "[It is Hel who causesthe daybreak, made the night "[It is He] who causes the daybreak, made the night for rcst, and the sun and moon for calcu}rting [timel. for rest, and the sun and moon for calculating [time]. That is the determination of the Al-Mighty, the That is the determination of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing. It is He who has made the stsns for All-Knowing. It is He who has made the stars for your guidance in the darkness on land and at sea. your guidance in the darkness on land and at sea. I hsve explained in detail these signs I have explained in detail these signs for people people who know." who ktrow.tt Qur'an 6:96-7 Qur'an 6:96-7 The contentsof this world were created the service The contents of this world were created for the service humankind. whether theyareproducts man's invention, of humankind. Whether they are products of man's invention, like ships, they are natureitself, all have beengranted like ships, or they are nature itself, all have been granted by God for the benefit ofkuman beings. However, such gifts are God the benefitof humanbeings.However, such are not without responsibility. Humansare required recognize not without responsibility. Humans are required to recognize bountiesand merciesand give thanks Allah's bounties and mercies and give thanksto Him and and gloriff example, taught glorify him. For example, He taught the believersin Chapter believers Chapter az-Zukhrufto pray as follows wheneverthey ride an animal az-zukhrufto pray as whenever they animal or vehicle: vehicle: {.-L/, F+JL-dl t5l ~J i*rj lJJSii ~ o-l-f+li ~ ~J""--"I 1~1 F-l ~ IJ.?.lJ d 0JJf1' isle t1..rdj} ..P 'J~} -U!,f ~1 U1J -f.r. dJ15 [r1 ljl Ul ,r.- .g;jJrrtUr=. ,: IIi jiJJ s-JI ~~ .y LoS" lotJ l,la l;l .~ ~.lJI IJ~ j1ol {IJ~I~U {o11;;*l r{, "For you to mount the backs [of animalsl then "For to mount the backs [of animals] then remember your Lord's blessing,saying: Glory be remember your Lord's blessing, saying: Glory be to He who made this subseruient to us, and we to He who made this subsenrient to us, and we could not have done so ouruelves.And indeed our could not have done so ourselves. And indeed our return is to our Lord." return is to our Lord." Qur'an 43: 13 Qur'an 43:l3
    • The Purpose ofCreation Human beingsalso carry the responsibilityto governthe Human beingsalso carry the responsibility to govern the creation accordingto the laws of God.This is man's purpose creation according to the laws of God. This is man's purpose relative to the restof cteation.They arecommanded utilize relative to the. rest of creation. They are commandedto utilize to the contentsofthisworld accordingto the laws of God.Aboo the contents ofthis world according to the laws of God. Aboo Sa"eed al-Khudree quoted Allah's Messenger (#E)as saying, sa'eed al-Khudree quotedAllah's Messenger(~) as saying' ,,The world is beautiful and green, and Allalr-be Heexalted HThe world green. and Allah-be He exalted -has madeyou governors over it to seehowyou will act."10 -has made governors it see you will act. ,,70 Human beingsare not free to do with the world asthey please. Human beings are free with as please. Consequently, the negativeattitude of secularmaterialist Consequently, the negative attitude of secular materialist society towards natureis contraryto divine revelation. societytowards nature contrary revelation. as an enemyto be Materialist society regardsnatureas an enemy be Materialist society regards nature conquered. It is not enough to appreciate the bbautyof mount conquered. is not enough appreciate beauty of mount the Everest,instead,lives have be lost everyyear conquering Everest, instead, lives have to be lost every year in conquering by climbing to its summit. is not sufficient maruelat the it by climbing to its summit. It is not ~ufficient to marvel at the exotic animals of the world, instead, during the safaris of exotic animals the world, instead, during the safaris animalswere lruntedinto the past century, many of these animals were hunted into the pastcentury,many of these extinction to provide trophiesfor Westernliving rooms' extinction to provide trophies for Western living rooms. Although safarishavenow beenstopped, reduced the Although safaris have now been stopped, the reduced numbersnumbers continue be threatened to of animals like the rhinoceros continue to be threatened with of animalslike the rhinoceros with extinctionduetothe imporfance their horns of extinction due to the importance of their horns as an ingredient asan ingredient medicines aphrodisiacs' and for Far Eastern traditional medicines and aphrodisiacs. for Far Eastern traditional Animals Animals According to the final revelation, killing animalsfor According to the final revelation, killing animals for 'Abbaas sport is forbiddenand sinful in the sight of God. Ibn sport is forbidden and sinful in the sight of God. Ibn "Abbaas 'o p. 432, no. 6606. 70 Sahih Muslim. vol. 4,p' 1a32.no. 6606. Sohih Muslim,vol. 4.
    • -:,z1 The .Purpose of Creation The Purpose of Creatiln . reported the Messenger ofAllah (~) as saying, "Do not take as reportedthe MessengerofAllah (49)as saying, take as a target any living thing. ,,71 Taking the life of any living animal tqrgetany livingthing."Tr Takingthe any animal is prohibitedunless is protection humanlife, is prohibited unless it is for food, for protection of human life, food, clothing.Killing fun and enjoymentis fundamentally or for clothing. Killing for fun and enjoyment is fundamentally evil. And, evenwhen the evil. And, even when the life of a human is taken for crimes of a humanis taken crimes against society, the against society, or the life of an animal is taken for food, it an animal is taken food, must be done as painlessly as possible. Shaddaad ibn Aws mrist be doneaSpainlessly possible. as Shaddaad ibn recounted things which he remembered Messenger recounted two things which he remembered the Messenger the of Allah (~) saying, "'Surely Allah has enjoined goodness for (*) saying,"Surely has enjoinedgoodnessfor everything;sowhenlnu execule someone, sodo god wry everything; so when you execute someone. do so in a good way and when you slaughter an animal, do so in a good way. Let when an animal,do so god wuy. every one of you sharpen his /entre ami al{ow the slaughtered every one of shrpen hislorife wtd all.owthe slaughtered animal to die comfortab~v.,,72 AIthough some ~'animal lovers' animal to die comfortablv."lT Although some an imal lovers' in Western countries haveopposed Islamicmethodof the in Western countries have opposed the Islamic method of animals,the Westepralternative stunningthe slaughtering animals, the Western alternative of stunning the slaughtering animalsby electricshock crushingblows the headare animals by electric shock or crushing blows to the head are far more painful the animals.When the neck is far more painful to the animals. When the neck is cut by an an extremelysharpknife, the animal doesnot feel and quickly extremely sharp knife, the animal does not feel it and quickly loses consciousness the heartpumpsits blood out the loses consciousness as the heart pumps its blood out of the as carotid arteries. carotid arteries. " Sahihi hM u s l i mvol. . 3.. p.. 1079. . o . 4813. . 71S o h Muslim, v o l 3 p 1 0 7 9 no. 4 8 1 3 , n Hishaam ibn Zayd reponed that when he and his grandfather:Anas ibn Hishaam Zayd rcported that when he and his,erandfather.'Anas ibn Maalik. visited the home of Hakam ibn Ayyoob, [they saw] some people Maalik. visited the home ofHakam ibn Ayyoob. [they saw] some people using a hen as a target fOT their arrows. Anas related that Allah's Messenger using a hen as a targetfor their arrows.Anas relatedthat Messenger had forbidden the tying of animals [as targets]. Sahih Muslim, vol. 3. p. had forbidden the of animals [as targets].Sahih Muslim, vol. 3. p. 1078.no. 4182. 1078. no. 4182. 1' Sohih Muslim, vol. 3, p. 1078.no.4810. 7Z Sahih Muslim, vol. 3, p. 1078. no. 4810.
    • ThePurposeofcrearion The Purpo...e of Creation f Caringfor animalsis enshrined the divine law, even Caring for animals is enshrined in the divine law, even in in the caseof dogs,which are generallybarred from Muslim the case of dogs, which are generally barredfrom Muslim Hurayrah quoted the Prophet (~) as saying, homes. 73 Aboo Hurayrahquotedthe Prophet(fr) as saying, homes.tt "A man becamelhirsty while walking, so he climbed down man became thirsty walking, so he climbed down a well and drankfrom it. On coming out he saw a thirsty dog drankfrom sclw dog 'This panting and eating mud. The man said [to himseffi, 'This panting mud. The [to himselfl, animal is as thirsty as I wss.'' So he climbed down the well as as I was. So he down andfilled his shoewith water. He then held his shoe between filled his shoe water. then shoe between his teeth, climbed out and gave lhe dog water. AIIah thanked his teeth, gave the water. Allah thanked him andforgave him [and put him in paradisr|-"'o The people him andforgave him [and him paradisej.,,74 The people asked, "0 Messenger of Allah! Do we get a rewardfor asked, "O Messenger Allah! Do we get reward serving animals?" He replied, "In [the serviceofl everyliving serving animals?" replied,"ln [the service oj) every He being there is a reward. ,,75 Aboo Hurayrah also narrated that heing there is reward."75 Aboo Hurayrahalso narrated that Allah's Messenger(H) said,"Allahforgave aprostitute Allah's Messenger (~) said, "Allahforgave a prostitute [among the Israelites/6 who tied her shoe to her scarfand [among the IsraelitesJ16 who tied her shoeto scarf and dra,v out somewater [fro* wellJfor dog that-s^he dying saw drew out some water [from a well] for a dog that she saw dying of that, Allahforgave her-"" Conversely, of thirst. Because ofthat, Allah forgave her." 77 Conversely, of thirst.Because 73 from keepingdogs as pets.However,guard 73 Muslims are discouraged from keeping dogs as pets. However, guard Muslims are discouraged dogsandhuntingdogsarepermined. Ibn 'Umar quotedAllah's dogs, sheep dogs and hunting dogs are permitted. Ibn' Umar quoted Allah's dogs.sheep Messenger (~) as saying, '., Whoever keeps a dog for other than watching Messe nger (*) as saying,'"lvhoeverkeepsa dogfor other than v'atching the herd or hunting, wi[l lose the weight of two mountdinsfront his[scale the herd or hunting, will lose the weight oftwo mountains from his [scale daity'^(SahihMuslim'vol.3- p. 826. no 38l5') ofgood] deeds daily.'· (Sahih Muslim. vol. 3. p. 826, no, 3815.) of goodJdeeds 'n 74 Sahih Al-Bukhari, vol. 1. p. 120. no, 174. vol. l. p. 120.no. 174. SohihAl-Bukhari, ,t SohihAl-Bttkhari. vol. 3, pp. 322-3.no. 551.and Sahihlvfuslint. vol. 4. 75 Sahih Al-Bukhan', vol. 3, pp. 322-3. no, 551. and Sahih Muslim. vol. 4. pp. .1215-6. .no. .5577.7 . pp l2l5-6 no 557 '" 76 Al-Bukhari,vol. 4. pp.448-9-no. 673. Sahih A/-Bukhari. vol. 4. pp. 448-9. no. 673. Snlrih ,, Sohih Al-Bukhari, vol. vot. 4. pp. 338-9.no. 538. and Sahih lvluslim. 77 Sahih A/-Bukhari. vol. 4. pp. 338-9. no, 538. and Sahih Muslim. vol. 4. .p. .1216. 6n o 5579, 9 4 p 1 2 1 no. . 5 5 7 .
    • rn" nrpgts yf Cr:ttW The Purpose ofCreation lT4| _ harming animals is a major sin according Islamiclaw. harming animals is a major sin according to Islamic law. to 'Abdullaah ibn 'Umar relatedthat the Messenger Allah 'Abdullaah ibn 'Umar related that the Messenger of Allah of said, o'Awomwt wasptmished andplaced in helt becauseof said, "A woman was punished and placed in hell because of a cat which she imprisoned until il died. She neither gave it a cat which she imprisoned until it died She neither gave it nor water, nor did she set itfree to eatfrom the rodents food nor water, nor did she set itfree to eatfrom the rodents ofthe earth." 78 of the earth."18 There are circumstances There are circumstances where it is necessary to inflict where is necessary to pain on animals,suchas hitting animalsto get them to move pain on animals, such as hitting animals to get them to move and brandingthem identification. However, even in these and branding them for identification. However, even in these situations, God gave instructions protectthem. Jaabir situations, God gave instructions to protect them. Jaabir reported that the Prophet (#) prohibited reported that the Prophet (j:$) prohibited striking animals in animals theirfaces their faces or branding them on their faces. 79 them on theirfaces.le Vegetation Vegetation Humankind'sresponsibility looking after this world Humankind's responsibility of lookingafter this world of does does not stop at serving animals. The vegetable stop servinganimals.The vegetable kingdom iskingdom is also highly regarded divine law.Somuchso,that Muslims also highly regarded in divine law. So much so, that Muslims engagedin war areforbiddento destroy fruit trees,toand even engaged are forbidden destroy trees,80 and even the planting of trees is consideredan act of charity. Jaabir the planting of trees considered an act of charity. Jaabir quoted Allah's Messenger as saying,"Any Muslim who quoted (~) Messenger (#) as saying, Muslim who plants a tree gains the reward of giving in charity. What is reward ofgiving What eatenfrom il is chmity, wlmt is stolenfrom it, wlnt the animals eaten from it charity, what it, what " Sahih Al-Bukhari, 4, p. 456.no.689.andSaftiftMuslim, vol. 4. p. 78 Sahih A/-Bukhari, vol. 4, p. 456. no. 689. and Sahih Muslim,vol. 4. p. vol. 1 2 1 5no. .5573. 3 . 1215. n. o 5 5 7 1eSahihMuslim. vol.3. p t1163, no. 5281. 79 Sahih Muslim. vol. 3, p. 163.no. 5281. to MuwattaImamMalik p. 200,no.958. and authenticated byal-Albaanee 80 Muwatta Imam Malik, p. 200, no. 958. andauthenticated al-Albaanee by in lrwaa'al-Ghaleel, 5. p. l3-4.no. I190. in Irwaa' al-Ghaleel, vol. 5. p. 13-4. no. 1190. vol.
    • The Purpose o[ Creation Putpose of Creatlon fl eat and what the birds eat, is all charity. Anyone or anything frd wlnt the eat, all or that takes from it earns for the planter the reward of [giving tlnt takesfrom earnsfor the planter the reward of[giving in] charity. ,,8] Islam encourages that no effort should be spared ,nJ clrorty.'*l Islamencouragesttrat shouldbe spared in planting, even if it becomes the last thing that the believer planting, even if becomesthe last that the believer can do in this life. Anas related that the Prophet(48)said,"If can do Anas relatedthat the Prophet (~) said, "ff 'the -the [signs oj} the beginning ofthe Day ofResurrection appesr fsigts ofl ttrc beginning the of of Resurrectionappear and one ofyou has a seedling in his hand, he should plant one of you has seedling hand, he plant it if he is' able to do so before the resurrection begins."82 ,f he is so before the resurre.ctionbegins. ,,82 Consequently, human beings have a responsibilityto look Consequently,human beingshave responsibility after all aspects ofthe environment in which they were created after aspects environment which they were created as a sacred duty to God. This requires an active opposition as a sacredduty God. requiresan active opposition the massivepollution and destructionof natural habitats to the massive pollution and destruction of natural habitats caused by today's materialistic, consumer societies the world caused today's materialistic, consumer societies the over. According to revela.tion, negligence of this duty is over. According revel4tion,negligenceof this considered a sin while fulfillment of it is an act of worship. considereda sin is an act of worship. " Sahih Muslim, vol. 3, p. 818, no. 3764. II SahihMuslim, vol. 3, p. 818, no. 3764. 12Collected by Ahmad in al-Musnad. vol. 3. pp. 183, ]84 and 191, and 11 Collected byA[mad inal-Musnad.vol.3.pp. 183, 184and l9l, and al-Adab al-Mufrad, no. 479. and authenticated al- al-Bukhaaree in al-Adab al-Mufrad. no. 479. and authenticated by al- al-Bukhaaree Albaaneein Silsilahal-Ahaadeeth ag-$afteeftah. vol. l, p. I l. no. 9. Albaanee in Silsilah al-A!J.aadeeth a§.-s.a!1ee!J.ah. vol. I, p. ] 1, no. 9.
    • The ~rpose ofCreation Conclusion Conclusion ITHOUTKNOWLEDGE THEPURPOSE cTeation, ITHOUT KNOWLEDGE OF THE PURPOSE OF creation, oF oF W human beingswander aimlesslythrough life, like human beings wander aimlessly through life, like shipsat seawithout rudders. Their goalsare either ships at sea without rudders. Their goals are either wrong due to incorrect religious teachings, materialistic wrong due to incorrect religious teachings, or materialistic and thu~ confined to this world. It is, therefore, essential for and thus confined to this world. is, therefore,essential their own well-being that they their own well-being that they know why God created them. whyGod createdthem. Fundamentally; Allah createdin order manifest Fundamentally~ AJIah created in order to manifest His attributes.consequently,creation is the consequence attributes. Consequently, creation is the consequence of His of being the creator, paradise manifests being the Creator, paradise manifests His Mercy and Grace, and Grace, hell His Justice, humankind's errors hell His Justice, humankind's errors His Forgiveness, living Forgiveness, and beings and non-living beings His Generosity, etc. The significance Generosity,etc. The significance of knowing that creation is ~ mean,s by which Allah manifests knowingthatcreationis a means which manifests atfibutes isthathuman beings can then correctly recognize His attributes is that human beingscan then correctly recognize God and acceptHis decreeandtheir destiny.However, it is of God and accept decree and destiny. However, of ~ven greater importance that hpman belngsknow the p.urpose eJen greaterimportancethht h-uman beings p'urpose for which they werecreated. they were created. The finalRevelationtbachesthat The final Revelation teaches that it is to worshipGod because worship because humankindmust worship Him in humankind must worship order to attain righteousness the spiritual stafusnecessary attain righteousness and status necessary enter paradise. to enter paradise. The significanceof this knowledgeis that significance of knowledge is that human beingsunderstand worship is as mucha necessity human beings understand that worship is as much a necessity that as eatingand breathingandthat it is not a favor they are doing as eating breathing and that it is not a favor they are doing for God. for God. It is alsoessential It is also essential that humanbeingsgraspthe importance that human beings grasp the importance of this world's bountiesand trials. Without knowledgeof the of this world's bounties and trials. Without knowledge of the purpose behind their creation,humanstend to look at this purpose behind their creation, humans tend to look at this
    • The Purpose of Creation of Creation world as being hostile to them. However,God createdit as being hostile them. However, God created primarily for their benefit. The testsof good and evil are benefit. The tests of good and are designed to bring out the higher spiritual qualitiesof the designed the higher spiritual qualities of the human being.However,humansare not ableto benefitfrom human being. However, humans are not able benefit the tests unless they put completetrust in God and have the tests unless they complete trust God and have patience in what He has destinedfor them. For those who patience what has destined them. those reject God, the trials of this world becomea punishment reject God, the trials of this become punishment for them in this life prior to the eternal punishmentin the next them this the eternalpunishment the next world. world. Knowledge the purpose the world also makesthe Knowledge of the purpose of the world also makes the believer environmentally conscious. Humankind is responsible believer environmentally conscious. Humankindis respons ible to utilize the bounties this of justly. The creatures of the to utilize the bounties of this life justly. The creatures the of and the atmosphere have been earth and seas, the vegetation and the atmosphere have been earth and seas, vegetation the humansshouldtake great care put in his care. Consequently, humans should take great care put his care.Consequently, and the living creatures within to preserve the environment and the living creatures within preserve environment the it as a means of giving thanks to God. as a means givingthanksto God. consciousness purpose, With such a comprehensive consciousness of purpose, With sucha comprehensive human beings become whole. They are transformed into human beings become whole. They are transformed into showingthe way righteousness. guides for humankind, showing the way to righteousness. guides for humankind, Consequently, Allah describes themasthe best mankind Consequently, Allah describes them as the best of mankind in the final revelation: in the final revelation: ~ IJ Jt---iJ J J~4 IJ Jr G...r WJ ~.ri 4..i ;?"- ~} JF-e rJ.f-sf si.l.f*lr+ Jytb;UJ r-;ri i.i ,.- ft.5l {~4 0~jiJ ~ {aUuril f,*tt best people chosen "You are the best people chosen for mankind "You are the mankind because you command righteousness, forbid evil because you command righteousness' evil and believe in Allah." and believein Qur'an 3: I l0 QUf'an 3: 110
    • fA nrprt" Cr"tt*" The Purpose of Creation "f l-?sI _t Index of Hadeeths Index of Hadeeths * [Allah createdJmercywith one htmdredparts....,' I g "[Allah created} mercy with one hundred parts...." 18 *AIIah a "Allah forgave a prostitute [among the Israelites} 73 [among the IsraelitesJ 7j who tied her shoe... " who tied her shoe..." *Allah, the Almighty, has said: O son of Adam, as Zz "Allah, the Almighty, has said: 0 son ofAdam, ds 22 as long as you call on Me: .." on Me..." man became "A man became thirsty while walking, so he 73 walking, so he 73 climbed down climbed down a well and drankfrom it...." "Any Muslim who plants a tree gains the reward 74 plants reward 74 of giving in charity." ofgiving charity. " "A woman was punished and placed in hell 74 woman was placed hell becauseof a cat." because ofa if "Be aware that if the whole of mankind gathered ofmankind 17 17 together..." together... " "Do not take as a target any living thing." "Do not take as a target any living thing. " 72 72 "Don't you htow that Allah createdparadise and lg "Don't you know that Allah created paradise and 19 hell..." hell..."
    • lrat Itlrr Thehrpose of Creati?n The Purpose of Creation . . "He who innovates something in this matter of 38 innovates something of 38 ours that is not of it will have it rejected. " ows of will have rejected." who loves hatesfor Allah... " "He who loves for Allah and hates for Allah... .. for 43 43 *If Allahloves seruant "IfAllah loves a servant He informs angel Gabriel informs angel 45 45 that He loves So-and-so... " that He lovesSo-and-so..." "If a "If o man of gold, he man had a valley ofgold, he would desire 52 desire 52 another...." another...." "If the {signs ofl the beginning of the Day of 75 "If the [signs ofl the of the of 75 Resurrection appear... ,- Resurrectionappear..." "Ifyou ask in proyer, ask only Allah. .. " "If ask prayer, ask Allah..." 46 46 "If you "If did not commit sins and turn to Allah commit sins l8 18 seeking His forgiveness... seeking Hisforgiveness ... " "Look to those less fortunate than you, and do not those lessfortunate than you, do 54 54 look to those above you..." look to thoseabovevou..." "O "0 Allah, thanks is due to You,jor it is You who 37 thanla due You,for You 37 has clothed me it. " has clothed me with it. " "0 people of Quraysh, secure deliverance from "O people of Quraysh, secure deliverancefrom 48 48 Allah. .. " Allah...
    • The Purpose ofCreation "...prohibited striking animals in their faces or 74 "...prohibited striking animals in their faces or 74 branding them in theirfaces." branding them in their faces. " "Retlect on the creation of Allah but do not reflect Zs "Reflect on the creation ofAllah but do not reflect 25 on Allah." on Allah." "Satsn come to everyoneof you and ask: Who 25 "Satan will come to everyone ofyou and ask: Who 25 that?* created this and that?" is worship." "Supplication is worship. " 46 46 "Surely Allah Allah has has enjoined goodness -fo, goodness for 72 72 everything..." everything. ., " "The affair ofthe believer is amazing. .. " "The afair of the believeris amazing..." 63 63 "The prophets,Ihen thosemostlike themand those 56 prophets, then those most them those rnostlike them..." most like them... " "The world is beautiful and green, and AIIah has world beautiful green, Allah 71 7l madeyou governors over it..." made you governors it... " "To give Allah a partner even though He created 39 "To give Allah a partner even though He created 39 v1rt." you. " "Try your bestto do right..." "Try your best to do right... " 23 23
    • The Purpose of Creation The Purpose ofCreation 'Wealth is "Wealth is not [measured] in property, but in 55 [measuredJ in property, but 55 contentment." contentment. " "Wen AIIah created the universe. He made an "When Allah created the universe, He made an 18 l8 obligation on Himself..." obligation on Himself.." When created Adam, He took from him a 27 When Allah created Adam, He took from him a 27 covenant a placecalledNa'maan... at covenant at a place called Na'maan... "Wlteneverpromiscuity is openlypracticed among 68 "Whenever promiscuity is openly prflcticed among 68 a people, a plague and anguish will spread among people, will them..." them..." "Whoever po.ese^rses[the followingJ three 43 "Pfhoever possesses fthe following] three 43 characteristics has tastedthe sweetness characteristics has tasted the sweetness offaith. .. " offaitlt...
    • The Purpose 0/ Creation Index Index of Qur'anic Verses Verses "Abraham was "Abraham was neither a Jew nor a a Jew a 3:67 3:67 35 35 Christitn...tt Christian..." "Allah created "Allah created all things and He is the is 39:62 39:62 16 16 agent..." agent...tt "Allah does not burden a soul beyond "Allah does a soul beyond 2:286 2:286 59 59 its capacity." capacity." "Allah has favored some of you over "Allah has favored some youover 16: 7] 51 16:71 5l sustenance.tt others in sustenance." "Allah is "Allah is the one Who created the one lVho created 14:32-3 69 14:32-3 heavensand the earth.•." heavens earth..." *And Allah created "And Alleh created you all and whatever 37:96 37:96 16 16 you do.tt do." "And if Allah were to punish peoplefor "And if punish people 35:45 35:45 62 62 what they earned...tt what earned•.•" *And in their wealth the beggarsand "And their beggars 51:19 5l : 19 53 53 needy...tt needy•.."
    • l^-h The Purpose ofCreation of Creation IrrrJ T q "And they denied [the signs) wrongfully "And they denied [the signsf 27:14 27: 14 4l 41 and arrogantly..." and arrogantly..." "And whoever desires a religion besides "And whoeverdesiresa religion besides 3:85 3:85 36 36 will not...tt Islam will not..." does not oppress 18:49 58 "And your Lord does not oppress 18:49 58 "And anyone." anyone.tt "Beware of a trial which will not afflict "Beware a will 8:25 8:25 68 68 only the sinful..." the sinful.,." 6tButif they returned..." "But if they were returned..." 6:28 8 21l 6:2 2 "Corruption has appeared on the land "Corruption has appeared on the 30:41 30:41 65 65 and in the sea..." and the sea...tt "Do not be awed by their wealth or "Do be awed 9:85 9:85 64 64 ..." their children ..." kill youruelves, "Do not kill yourselves, for surely Allah "I)o 4:29 4:29 59 59 is merciful,.." is merciful..." "Do not wish for that by which Allah 4:32 4:32 54 54 has favored some..." has favored some...tt
    • r-1- fnt Prrp"tt ,f Cr""ttm The Purpose ofCreation Ld "Do people imagine that they will be "Do people imagine that they will be 29:2 29:2 66 66 left alone..." left alone...t' "For surely "For surely with every difficulty comes 94:5-6 59 everT comes 94:5-6 59 period o{l ease..." [a period of] ease..." [a you mount the backs [of "For you to mount the backs [of 43: 13 43:l3 70 i0 animalsl then remember.,." animals] then remember..." "Glorify the praises "Glorify the praises of your Lord." Lord." 110:3 I l0:3 28 Zt seen the one "Have you seen the one who takes his takes his 25:43 25:43 42 42 desiresas his desires as his god?" cannot be questionedas "He cannot be questioned as to what He 21 :23 ZI.23 25 25 does..." does...tt "He raised some ofyouov€rothersin raised some of you over others in 6: 165 52 6:tGS 52 rank..." rank...tt "If only you could see[the timel when "If could see [the time] when 32: 12 3Z:lZ 20 Z0 the sinnerswill bow..." sinners will bow..." o'ff you really love Allah, follow me..." "If love 3:3 1 22 me..." 3:31 Zz "If you try to count Allah's blessings..." l4:i4 "If try blessings..." 14:34 43 43
    • The Purpose of Creation The Purpose ofCreation *'I did not create the "I did not create the jinn and the 51 :56 27 and the 5l:56 27 humankind except..." humankind except..." 'slndeed, it is in the remembrance "Indeed, it is in the remembrance of 13 :28 56 of 13:28 56 Allah..." Allah..." "Indeed, the creation the heavensand "Indeed, the creation of the heavens and 40: 57 40:57 13 l3 the earth is greater..." the earth is greater..." "It is causes daybreak, made the "It is He who causes the daybreak, made 6:96-7 70 6:96-7 70 the night..." the night..." "[It is Hel created death and "[It is He] who created death and life to 67:2 67.2 49 49 test which..." test which..." "f make them taste "I will make them taste a lesser iZ:Zl lesser 32:21 65 65 punishmentbefore..." punishment before..." "Know that your wealth and children "Know wealth and children 8:28 8:28 52 Sz are a test.tt test." "Let thosewho contradict his command "Let those command 24:63 24:63 67 beware..." beware...tt "No calamity strikes exceptby Allah's "No strikes except by Allah's 64:l11 64: I 17 17 permission.tt permission."
    • The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Creation "O believers! Do not allow your wealth "0 believers! Do not allow your wealth 63:9 63:9 52 Sz and children,.," and children..." "O believers, do not destroy your acts "0 believers, do not destroy your acts 2:264 2:264 54 54 of charity..." of charity..." "O believers! RememberAllah often." "0 believers! Remember Allah often." 33:41 33:41 32 32 "O believers, seekhelp pati€nceand "0 believers, seek help in patience and 2: 153 2:153 61 6l prayer.tt prayer." "O you believe! Fasting has been "0 you who believe! Fasting has been 2: 183 2:l 83 jz 32 prescribed you..." prescribed for you..." "Perhaps you may dislike something "Perhaps something 2:2 I6 2:216 58 58 good good for you,.," you..." "Satan gotthe betterofthem and caused 5B:19 33 "Satangot tbe better oftbem and caused 58: 19 33 them... tt them... " "Satan's plan is to incite enmity and "Satan's incite 5:91 5:91 33-34 33-34 hatred among you...t' you..." "Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the seek refuge in the Lord of the 13: -2 I] 13:I1-2 I16 6 dawn." dawn.tt
    • The Purpose ofCreation "Sry [O Mu!amma'd]: 'f have no power "Say [0 Mu!!amma~]: 'I have no power 7: 188 7: I 88 47 47 to bring good..." to bring good..." 'Surely my prayer, "Say: 'Surely my prayer, my sacrifice, 6: 162 366 sacrifice, 6:162 3 "Say: my living...' " living...' " "...so announce glad tidings [of " ...so announce glad tidings [of 2:155-6 62 2: 155-6 62 paradisel those..." paradise] to those..." religion is Islam." "Surely Allah's religion is Islam." "Surely 3: 19 3: l9 355 3 forgive the "Surely Allah will not forgive the 4:48 4:48 40 40 others..." worship of others..." I have created "Surely 1 have created all that is on 18: 7 l8:7 49 49 earth as its ornaments..." as ornaments..." "Surely only a disbelieving people disbelieving people 12: 87 1287 60 60 despair..." despair..." "Surely, those who believe and do "Surely, those believe and 98:6 98:6 39 39 righteous deeds..." righteous deeds..." "Surely those who believed,emigrated "Surely those believed, emigrated 2:218 2:218 6t 61 and stroYe...tt strove..."
    • The Purpose of Creatiotr The Purpose of Creation 'oSurely, those whom you "Surely, those whom you call on in j:lg4 7: 194 46 call on in 46 prayer..." prayer..." "Take charity from "Take charity from their wealth to their wealth to 9: 103 53 9:103 53 them..." purify them..." He may punish the hypocrites, "That He may punish the hypocrites, 48:6 48:6 60 60 men and women...t' men and women..." 'oThe decision rests only "The decision rests only with Allah. I 12:67 57 AIIah. 12:67 57 trust..." put my trust..." "There are among men those who "There are among men those who 2: 165 42 2:165 42 worship others..." worship others..." "There is nothing like Him and He is is nothing and is 42: 11 4T:ll 15 15 hearer and seer of all.tt seer of all." "The seven heavens and the earth and seven heavens 17:44 29 17:44 Zg whatever is in them glorify Him..." glorify "They will only encompass of His will encompass of 2:255 2:255 24 knowledgewhat He wishes." knowledge what wishes."
    • The Purpose ofCreation The Purpose of Creation "Those who, having done something 3: 135 "Those who, having done something 3:135 34 34 shameful.,.tt shamefuL.." "Verilyr am Allah, there is no god "Verily, I am Allah, there is no god 20:14 20:14 32 32 beside Me, so worship Me...': beside so Me...'l "Warn your nearest relatives." "lVarn nearestrelatives." 26: 214 48 26:214 48 "Whatever befalls you is a result ofwhat "Whatever befallsvou is a result ofwhat 42:30 42:30 62 62 hands..." your hands..." servants ask you [O "When My servants ask you (0 2: 186 45 2:186 45 Muhammad] about Me..." Mulammadl about Me..." "When your Lord extracted from the extracted the 7: 172-3 26 7:172-3 26 loins of Adam's..." loins Adam's..." "Whoever brings a good deed, shall "Whoever brings a good deed, shall 6: 160 6:160 23· 23 have ten like it..." have ten it..." "Whoever trusts in Allah will find Him "'Whoever trusts 65:3 65:3 57 57 sufficient." sufficient." are the best people chosen fior "You are the best people chosen fur 3: 110 3: I l0 77 77 mankind.. ~ " mankind,.."
    • fnt P"rp:tr rf Crtt!*" The Purpose ofCreation t eof _ Bibliography Bibliography Albaanee,Naasirud-Deenal-,Irwaa' Albaane~, Naasirud-Deen al-, Irwaa J al-Ghaleel, Beirut: al- al-Ghaleel Beirut: al- Maktab al-Islamee, ed.. 1979. Maktab al-Islamee, 1st ed., 1979. lst -----------, ~a!J.eeh. Sunan Abee Daawood, Beirut: al-Maktab $afteehSunanAbee Daawood, Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islamee, ed., 1988. Daawood lst al-Islamee, 1st ed., I988. Daowood Safteeh Sunanat-Tirmigfiee, -----------,, Sab.eeb. Sunan at-Tirmithee, Riyadh: Arab Bureau Riyadh:Arab Bureau Education thefor of Education for the Gulf States, 1st ed., 1988. States, st ed.. l9gg. I gafueeh Sunanlbn Maajaft, Beirut: al-Maktab al- -----------,, Sab.eeb. Sunan Ibn Maajah, Beirut: al-Maktab al- Islamee, ed., 1988. 3rd Islamee, 3rd ed., 1988. -----------,, Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth a~-Sab.eeb.ah, vol. l, Beirut: Silsilah al-Ab.aadeeth a;-gafoeehah, 1, Beirut: vol. al-Maktab al-lslamee, ed., 1985. aJ-Maktab al-IsJamee, 4th ed., J985. 4th -----------,, Silsilahal-Afuaadeeth a~-Saheehah, vol. Riyadh: Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth as_-$afoeefiah, 4, Riyadh: Maktabah Maktabah al-Ma'aarif,4th ed., l9gg. al-Ma'aarif, 4th ed., 1988. ChambersPocketDictionary, Edinburgh:W & R Chambers, Chambers Pocket Dictionary, Edinburgh: & Chambers, 1992. 1992. Hasan, Ahmad, Sunan Abu Dawud fEnglish], Lahore: Sh. Hasan, Ahmad, Sunan Abu Dawud [English], Lahore: Sh. MuhammadAshraf Publishers,st ed.. lgB4. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers, I1st ed., 1984.
    • of Creation The Purpose of Creation Khan, Muhammad Muhsin, Sahih Al Bukhari, [Arabic- Khan, Muhammad Muhsin, Sahih Al Bukhari. Englishl, Riyadh:Maktabahar-Riyaadal-Hadeethah, English], Riyadh: Maktabah ar-Riyaad al-Hadeethah, 1981.. 1981 Rahimuddin,Muhammad, Muwatta Imam Rahimuddin, Muhammad, Muwatta Imam Malik [English], [English], Ashraf, 1980. Lahore: Sh. Muhammad Ashraf.1980. Lahore:Sh. Muhammad Reese, W.L.. Dictionary ofPhilosophy and Religion, lrlew Reese, W.L., of Philosophy Religion. New Humanities Press. Jersey: Humanities Jersey: 1980. Press. 1980. Robson,James,Mishkat AI-Masabih, Lahore: Sh.Muhammad Robson, James, Mishkat Al-Masabih,I-ahore:Sh. Muhammad Ashraf, 1981.. Ashraf, 1981 Siddiq. Abdul Hamid. Sahih Muslim [English], Lahore: Sh. Siddiq.Abdul Hamid.SahihMuslim fEnglish],Lahore:Sh. AshrafPublishers. 1987. Muhammad Ashraf Publishers. 1987. Muhammad I/ebsterEncyclopedicDictionary, Chicago: The The Living Webster Encyclopedic Dictionary, Chicago: The The Institute America, 1975. English Language Institute of America, 1975. EnglishLanguage The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. Chicago: Encyclopaedia The New Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago:Encyclopaedia Britannica, al . t h ed.,. .1991.1 . B r i t a n n i c 15th e d 1 9 9 5 Chicago:World Book, 1987. The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book, 1987,. The World Book Encyclopediq,
    • Tableof Contents Table of Contents Introduction .., Introduction 3 -' Why Did God Create? Why Did God Create? 13 l3 Why Did God CreateMankind? Why Did God Create Mankind? 26 26 God CreateMankind on Earth? Why Did God Create Mankind on Earth? 49 49 Why Did God Createthe Wortd? God Create the World? 69 69 Conclusion Conclusion 76 76 Index of Hadeeths Index of Hadeeths 78 78 Index of Qur'anic Verses Index of Qur'anic Verses 82 82 Bibliography Bibliography 90 90
    • erntt5lr$oiqprFflpol ,,r,i,I ...-Sfl jn cl : S;i.*rg Ctgj| L ltq**n*$ F-fre'ri ~tJ&,.Al~",as.JW4~'It~,.~~ *ftt rltrsl ps. C f$Ultt+,*h .Ilril p;$ }E 0'0 ~H~.«saIetJbII *UttS....5ilffit*ffiJtr ll '*rl 10:'" --- t -.J·vO~ LriJFj ~t .1' ryl,*.**.,*tl ,...,J,J F{t "="~'ra-l r;t.+.fl p.-l f I ~..AJI..,.Jl.JJ~.,.:aa1 Jt.-t~ ......... ifcJft 4t di.-d;f[l dlf.d.E+..dt rrdf l3r*l gt..|irrlr&lrttr lhi'-IWL.ot.A.io.t~I.f '''O.,.,,·,·,·y·.V It0lrA.!rlrtrrf "'WI.:.t..r:.~1 txtnll&L*J'#tl 1 1.6~.t"'JW!J~I1A~~ 1,.#6, diltrl.tlt l::ngt faLL. #i '0".".'.'.'00' ll0lrA.lr|.JoOl ~1.:;,L....eJiJ Hi$tlAt.aJaj , i6o,jJl ~a"""" i'ajfi..5i"*trL,.tr ,,,0".".'.'."'T'V 1 1 o 1 r A r. l . A l t Y t iWi.jJl ~JiJ EtfrjJlfd..cJrri , ~l~ .r++iqu-|'i r-.nl''lh, ' . . . . . ..,.Li- 1io.t.A.1.1ffo61 '''0''.''.'.''''''00'' - :( ~I~ rlJjr • $t!|r*-.tt f.m*il : fulUneh33{4'}**rnail.mrn sfri$,qltlllf riqrJi{tv6+sr lt*,.0r E!r1}r?r..T?tltrtl lSBll:9960-864-ll-1 ISBN: 9960·864·11-1 ilil| ililr [l ilililr lllil lllil 1I1111111111111111111111111111 00400 7