The Important
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                               Muslim Ummah
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GLOSSARY
                                 GLOS$ARY

                                          Wa Sallam : May Allah
      ...
The First Lesson:.
   The First Lesson:

 Mernorizing the opening Soorah (Chapter) of the
Memorizing the opening Sooralr (...
.• Dissociating  from anything or
   Dissociating from   anything or      snyonc
                                        a...
As        Shbh (associating anything or anyone in
As for Shirk (associating       anything     anyonc
worship with Allah),...
Honored
Mighty and Honored
Mighty                           says:
                                 says :


 [tA :et*rlr A...
He (SAAW) also said     ,,Ee who
 He (SAAW) also said :: "He who swears by anything
                                  sweo...
Major and Minor. In this case, the Hidden Shirk
Major     and Minor.           this case, the             sNrk
encompasses...
which means: Allah is tho Greatest
which means: Allah is the Greatest ;; reading the     reading the
 opening $urah of
ope...
The   Ninth Lesson:
      Ninth , Legson:

Knowing
Knowing        oontents of At-Tashahud :
           the contents of At-...
Following the reciting of the Tashahud,
  Following the recItmg of the Tashahud, the slave the slave
   asks Allah's prote...
wajbum i (Allah, nry Rabb, grant nu forgive ness, hmte
      wajburni (Allah, ~ Rabb, grant me fotgiveness ' have
     mer...
l. Intentional talking
 1. Intentional talking . .
 2. L^aughing.
2. Laughing.
 3. E"tiog.
3. Eating.
 4. Drinking.
4. Dri...
Thi rtee nth Lesson:
The Thirteenth ksson:

    obligatorA elements of ablution are:
The obli gato ry elem ents of ablu ti...
correct opinion.
       correct opinion.

 The
 The-     Fifteenth
          Fifteenth    Lesson:
                       k...
The
The    Eiehtee nth
       Eighteenth     Lesson:
                      [,esson:

Washin g    the    dead       body   ...
4. Thc onewho hasthe mostright to washthedeadbodyof
4. The one who has the most right to wash the dead body of aa
    mani...
rcTafd for patience on his (her, their) loss and do not
 revyard for patience on his (her, their) loss and do not
 make us...
following
 following      Du'a is made:
                Du'a is made:

 "Al1tIJJlUIIIIUI
  "Allrtunna         1jtllJla,
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such that tho hcad of the rnale
a^re to bc arang€dd sugh that the
 are to be arrange                          head of the ...
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The Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah

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The Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah

  1. 1. The Important LessonsFor The Muslim Ummah Sh.ikh gin Bin bdulAziz Abdullah ..! '. - - ',,/. ". , . ", .~ " '. . - . -, .
  2. 2. r$ dlfu il+] * trall rlrir The Important Lessons Fot The The Important LessonsFor Musl im Ummah MuslimUmmah ~'~.e-J &.ilt irt *J 3{~ ..1. ~ 4J! jtjAJ ~ jli arir {i u' tilt'#' Shelkh Abdul Ari- Rin hf'''trh Rin Baz Sheikh Abdu /Aliz B;nAb dullah Bin Bar. :';'JAJ' ..u~ : "U:) ,pflt.rlt+ re-rl Translated By Khali d A. Al-Aw adh Translated Khalid Al-Awadh Reviewed & Edited By Rewewed &.Edited BY 4N:"'JJ ~ rrTl;1 riir Dr. Saleh As-Sa leh Saleh ^A.s-Saleh eJlrall /J ~~gJt . /l
  3. 3. ~)I~)I.laI~ it FrJtr 6e,Jt ,-, 9 L...t i~J ;~J ~ ~J' ;~ J'-"1;' ~':'J iq ruti'#--J,rp h+-r j,i!+.JjjdL^.rf r-Ur t1 y-f Jrrr bt ++ d,,-.LJ,bef .s,. , .if "--i JL.1 ~ I !Ht ~ L4~r ~"-'J ~r JJ~ ~ Jl..A7 pt,i )rt ,)- dL-, ~,r~J UJ "l ~r ~tJ.4..J iI~-a 'j..j ~ ~J ,A-J ~ b tt u : ol l1-rl1.r-J pL.r )r-t iF;i Otr,d J-Ei ~ ,:1"""'JJ .~ tJ...W ~r ~rJ .4..J ~ "l '61-.*r sJl ,'it;r1l:r-3i45t 3l li +! .LJ &l{rJ t J....> J '~J~i.lr ni-lr r-,lr I All Praise is due to All~ we praise Him, and seek Praise is due Allah, we praise and scek help and forgiveness. His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah, seek refuge Allah the evils of Most High, from the evils of our own selves and sclves and from from our wicked wicked deeds. Whomsoever has been deeds. Whomsoever has been guided guided by Allah, none can misguide him, and none can misguide him, and whomsoever has been misguided whomsoever has been misguided by Allah, none can none can guide guide him. I bear witness that there is no true god bear witness there woithy of being worshippcd exccpt worthy of bcing worshipped except Allah, alone, alon without without partrer or associete. I further bear witness partner associate. witness that Muhammad is His true slave Muhammad slave and Messenger. and Messenger. May Allah May Allah ,the E)BIted, bcstow His p€ac€ and Exalted, bestow peace blcssings on the final Prophet Muhamma4 blessings final Muhammad, upon his good and pure family, and upon all of his noble good family, of companions. companions. { a,*l- r.*t-r i6|t lf ffi',yn ' t atir"r grJr ,,} ,+i lO you who belia,e! Fear Altah (by {O yOIl who believe! Fear Allah (by doirrs aU thut doing all thllt Ee ordered and abstaining ftom alt He ordered and from all ttut Ee htU tlull He has forbidden) as Ee should be feared, forbidden) tU He should be feared, and die IIOt and die nd acqt except in e state of hlam (ss in a state of Islam (tU MII8Iims with Maslirrrs willi cornplac srrtmission to Ahh)] (eu/an complete submissioll to Alltt1t)} (Qur'an 3 :: 102) 3 102)
  4. 4. ·~ ~J ' ;~'J ~ ~ ~ ~J.f, ~) ,~ :"W If!' t ~ ~ ~ ~ • • ~ ~)~W ~JJ .. 1Ji'1 J ' ~~J 1.J1G "i>.- ~ ~ ~j , • "'lo • ,. It':' Jj [ r *t-Jl (' 'c.W1l c( W) P' ~S" ~l ~1 ~~)~IJ to your RJlbb1(AlJah), 'who n h i & d ! B Be dutiful t o , n amankind! e d u t i f u t t o y o l . t R f , b b L ( A l l 4 h ) ' (O Who crcated you from a single pergon (Adnttt) and created from singlc person (Adam) his wife, and from He created his wtfe, and f'om creded 'them him (Adam) from him feasO lrom them both He ereated many 'ncn and women and created In&try men and fear Altah Allah through through Whom H'hom you demand your you denand yo'n 'narual f"o, mutual (rights) and (do not (rishts) antl (ilo nol relations of) cul the relations ot) cut Surely, AlJaJr it the wombs (kinship). Surely, Att*h is wombi (hinship). ever an AII'AU· Walcher over Youi (Qur'a n 4:1) Watcher over you} ( Qur'an 4:I) ~,.), • ,- III • I-. )J J AI ."an p' ~J.h tt' t ~ , 1" ~.W ~ ~ , ~""" ':I J ~ ~ Ijji Jt l.i 4f~)J ;'1 ~ ~ J ' ~~ ;..S:f ~J [V - V· , y r ~] 1 lV ,- Y ' t * .,t;' -' !1 (0 you who believe ! Keep your duty to Allah and (O you who behne Keep your drily to- Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the Truth, He wiu leal Hirrr, End speah (atways) T'ot!, Ee will dired you to do righteous good deeds , dbect io righteorc deeds and wiD ond will -oni forgive you yott sins' And whosoe+'er obeys Allah forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys All4lr and His Messenger, he His Masenger, has indeed achieved a has achi*ed 4 great succes s) srccesr ) (Qur'an 33:70-71) (Qur'an 33:70-71) I3nbbt Allaah is s-Rfrh: Hc is thc One lVho gavea[ thfutgF powcr to 1RDbb: Allaah is ar-Rllbb: He is the One Who gave all thing!! the power thc t'o move and c change, to Whom belongs h e Creation and grow, , to m o e a n d t oto h a n g e , t o W h o m b c l o ' n g r t the C r c a t i o n s r d gfow to Sovcrcignty ty Commandment, The Master Who has no equal in His Sovereign Eo*h*a**q The lvlaster Wfto h's tlo equal and Highncm, The Onc Who Prsvidcs and Srutainsall that fltd ,Predominance, and Highnc" , The One Who Provides and Sustains dt ,Predomirrence, exists. The Rabb is the root for the attribute ofAr-RIlboobuyll1e. cxise. The Rabbis therrntfor the attributeof Ar-Rttboobrr7ah'
  5. 5. ~1.ti Jr{ lri ^b ,r+" j-o bl- g;.l.At-,*.sJ.d-n I '*rS l» I r~ ;-s ~:u. ~..u1 ~J ' JlAi ~ tylS ~~I J~i t~ ,;p $4-rtt .i-r-"ai .rL, :--r~J..5J' 4;;~ ~.,.-YI ~J '~J ~J.wi)~)~ ;"J,J',)-r, qru.,, )r,'J, , #: +-fir .-Je) 4e , r ;l.:J ,j :J~ fttz, .,,LJt il}+'Slr + JS) ,i.J~ y.~ j5) , }P~ r'+Jl,.A f+',F:, io*; I(noq Know, That the most truftful spmch is that of AIIah's Book That the most truthful speech is that of Allah's Book (T-" Qr/an) and thar td best of guidance is rrrat of (The Qutan) and that the best of guidance is that of Muhammad (8MW). Muhammad (SAAW). The The worst of evils worst of evils are are innovations (foreign to the tnre teachings of Islam), innovations (foreign to the true teachings of Islam), and evcry innovated matter (in relisionj is a Bid,ah, and every innovated matter (in religion) is a Bid'ah, and €v€ry Bid'ah is a misguidorce, ana €vcry me(m and every Bid'ah is a misguidance, and every mean of misguidsrce is in the Fire of Hell. of misguidance is in the Fire of Hell. This is an introductory book for every Muslim. This is an introductory book for every Muslim. It is a is a summary of basic summary basic Islamic beliefs and acts of Islamic belicfs and acts of worship. we ask Allah by His Names and Attributes worship. We ask Allah by His Names and Attributes' to accept this work and make to accept this work and make it a benefit for those a benefit for those who read and/or dishibute it. who read it and/or distribute it. KhalidAl-Awadh & Dr, SalchAs-Saleh Khalid AI-Awadh Dr. Saleh As-Saleh 24/2/r4t3 24/2/1413 8fl2/1993 8/12/1993 3
  6. 6. GLOSSARY GLOS$ARY Wa Sallam : May Allah Wa SaIIam Atlatr • SAA W: Salla Allahu Aleihi SAAW: Satla Altahu Aleihi e. Praise him and gran t him peac Praise and grant Pcace' Most Glorified , Most S W : s uSubhanahu W Waa ' a l a "a: o s l ( i l o r i t i e d ' M o s t • SW: b h a n a h u a t ta'al M Exalted. llxalted. Annha): May A.Ilah ha): 'arllah • RAA : R{A: Radiya Allahu Annhu (or Ann Radiya AIIahu Annhu her). her)' be pleased with him (or with he pleased with AW), his traditions of the Prophet (8A (SAAW)' • Hadeeth: Hadeeth: The traditions of the Prophet eth were hadeeth were collected by collected sayings and deeds. The hade sayings and deeds' Ahmad, Ahmad' Al-Bukhari, Al-Bukhari' Muslim, Muslirq famo famousus scholars like scholars jah, An-Nisaa'ee, At-Tirmi An-Nisaa'ee, At-Tirmidhi' dhi, Abu Dawoud, Thin Maa Dawoud' Ibin Maajalu and others. others. 4
  7. 7. The First Lesson:. The First Lesson: Mernorizing the opening Soorah (Chapter) of the Memorizing the opening Sooralr (Chapter) of the Qur'an: Al-Fatrta Qur'an: AI-Fatilla and some short passages and and some short passages and Sooralu Soorahs from No. from No. 99(Az-Zalzalah)to 114(An-Naas). 99(Az-Zatzatah)to ll4(,4n-Naas). En"ry Muslim must make an ef;tort to memorize, Every Muslim must make an effort to memorize, recite and understand recite and understand passages and/or Sooralrs from passages and/or soorahs from the Noble Qur'an. the Noble Qur'an. The Second. Lcssoni The Second Lesson: Knowing the meaning and the conditions of the Knowing the meaning and the conditions of the declaration of Ash-ghahadatqn that: there is no true declaration of Ash-Shahadatan that: there is no true God except God except Allah and that Muhammad (8MW) is and that Muhammad (SAAW) is the Messenger Allah. The phrase that "there is no the Messenger of Allah. The phrase that "there is no true God" negates anything true God" negates anything or anyone that is being anyone that is being worshipped other than Allah, and the phrase: "except worshipped other than Allah, and the phrase: "except Allah" confirms confirms that all forms forms of worship, of worship, submission and adoration must be for Alrah alone submission and adoration must be for Allah alone sctting without setting up rivals with Him. The conditions rivals Thc conditions needed fulfill needed to fulfill the meaning of Ash-Jhahadqtan are: meaning of Ash-Shahadatan are: . Knowledge • Knowledge about what it m€ans. about what means. . Certainty about its meaning which dispels doubts • about meaning dispels doubts and and suspicions. suspicions. . Sincerity that purifies its declarer from any form • declarer of Shirk2. of Shirtcz. .• Honesty which negates hypocrisy. negates hypocrisy. .• Love and atlachment to Love and attachment to the declaration of Ash- the declaration of Ash- Shahadatqn, Shahadatan, which which leads to leads to the dispel of the dispel of uneaseiness, dislike, or hate to what uneaseiness, dislike, or hate to what it implies. it implies. .• Adherance: conducting what Allah has decreed Adherance: conducting what Allah has decreed rcgarding His worship. regarding His worship. .• Accepting to obey Allah by this declaration. Accepting to obey Allah by this declaration. ?Shth Is to associarcsomeone or somethingin the worship of Allatr 2Shirk: Is to associatesomeone or something in the worship of Allah. t,
  8. 8. .• Dissociating from anything or Dissociating from anything or snyonc anyone being being worshipped other than Allah. worshippcd other than Allah. The Third lesson :: The Third Lesson The six fundamental articles of faith 8rB : The sir frurdemental rrticles of frift are: Bclieving in Allah (His Oncncss), His Angcls, all of Believing in Allah (His Oneness), His Angels, all of His Messengers, all of His Scriptures (in their His M"t*ng"ts, all of His Scriptures (in their original unaltered in Last Day (of original and unaltered forms), in the lfft Day (of Judgment), and Fate and Divine Decree (whether Judgmcnt), Divine Decree good or bad) which Allah Has measurod and which Allah measured ordained ordsin€d eccording to His previous knowledgc and according His knowledge as deemed suitable as deemed suiable by His Wisdom. The The Fourth Lesson: Fourth Lcsgm: Tawheed (Faith in the Unity of Allah) is divided into Tawheed unity of Allah) three articles: three articles: First Onenoss of the sens€ First, believing in the Oneness of Allah in the sense of His being the only Creator, Preserver, of His being the crcator, Nourisher, Prcscrver, Nourisher, etc. This belief is called Tawheed Ar-R,dJoobeeyah. etc. This is cslled Tnvheed ArRaboobeqah second, acknowledging that Allah alone Is thc one Second, acknowledging that Allah alone Is the One and only true G"d who deserves to bG worshipped and Only true God who deserves to be worshipped thus abstaining from worshipping any other and thus abstaining from worshipping any other and belief is callcd Tawhced AL being or thing. This belief is called Tawheed ~ being or thine. This UloolaeeyaJa. Illooheeyah having faith and belief in the oncncss of Third, having faith and belief in the Oneness of Third, Allah's Names and Atuibutes. This belief is call€d Allah's Names and Attributes. This belief is called Tawheed Tawheed AI-AsIIUUI Al-Asntaa WiIS-Sifat. was'Sifat 6
  9. 9. As Shbh (associating anything or anyone in As for Shirk (associating anything anyonc worship with Allah), is divided into three types: worship with Allah), it is divided into three types: FU'St: frr t: Major Shirk Mqior (Ash-Shbh AhA*bar) Shbh (Ash-Shirk Al-Akbar) which which Atlah does not forgive. Allah does not forgive. Allah ssys regarding Shirk: Allah says regarding Shirk: ~ 4J~ IjS'" .t ~ J&;- 1jS'~f YJ ~ { irrt tytf, u f{re 4J' tf .fl rlt } " ["A: rai)!1 ] 1Al: fl";!t 1 HBut if ffrey had "But if they had joined in worship others with worrhip otrers wiffi A[th, dl they ADah, aD that they rrscd do would hrve been used to do would 'have been of ntr benefit ilrenu" no benefit to them." (Qur'an 6 88) (Qur'an 6 : 88) ~ ~J.A~ ~I kL.-.-t IJ~ ~j ~~ ~L..S' l....t ~ s-J, gt.trr i.&r .r+u-., lfu-,lrt0( +fJ-LX irtJ |-r ) '--fi ~ JWI ~J ~~t ," '1'" ~Jt ~L., ~t t fol {.--r Jt .lt Cr /u+t c-+ dJ-d1t.dtt- n4-it [ 'V : ~.,:JI ] ~ 6J J.LJU- v i-'lr 1{ o4Jt-r "It is not for "It not for the Mushrikeen Mushrilrccn (pobft&tq (polytheists, Idolaters, pagans, disbelievers in the Oneness of ldolrteq pagm$ disbcHcvers h frrc Onenegs of ADah) to maintain the Mosques of ADah (Lee to A[rh) meintrin thc Mosqucs of Alhh (Le. pray and worship Allah therein, prsy worship Alleh thcrein , to look after bok rfter their c1eanHness and their buildinK etc.) while they drclr cleanffncss Nrd their bdlding ctc) whlle witness against their own-selves of disbe6ef. ;itrcss Orcir own-sclvcs of disbclief. The works of such bear no fruit vorks of betr ft:uit and in fire shall they rnd h firG rhdl thry dweO." " (Qur'an n9 : 1: 717) dwc[. (Quda ) The one who associate others with Allah and dies on one associete others Allsh dies this Shirk will not be forgiven and Aj-Jannoh Shi* will bc forgiven AjJeuaL (Paradise) (Paradise) is forbidden to hi~ hiq as as Allah, Alleh Most 7
  10. 10. Honored Mighty and Honored Mighty says: says : [tA :et*rlr Ah Jl 4li ttf 1{ tr rrl;'{ !fi0t lfo f irr ir1}r *Verily, , "Verily AUah forgivess not that partrers s should Alhh forgive not that partner should be *t up with Hhn in worship but forgives set up wift llittt h worship,, but He forgives else, to whom anythin g ehc, to whom eny0ring He pleasec and whocverr pleases whoeve up partner with Alhh in worship' , he hes sets up prrtrers s wift ,"t Allah in worship has indeed invente indecd invented d e tremendous siru* (Qur'an 4 : 48) a tremen dous sin." t-;9 ;Ul olgt-r; i;*t -tJjU oJWJ u. "--Js-.t ff ljl ilr-+ $r-:'- it-Wl rJe &t r~ J....i ~~ ~~~ l..il ~ F ~LJa.U 1YY: o..lSL.lI] ~ j~{ ~ idtJtJ [V'': i.r-Jr1 { 1t+ii i/ "Verily, whosoever s€ts up partner in worship "VerRy, wlroeocver sets uP partrers s in worship then ADah f o r b i d d e n A en n nAljannah for with A tAUab,h e n A l t a h h r s wift lsht has forbidd $ a ahfor hfon fr (Qut'an 5: hbn " (Qur'an 5: 72) Asking g tthe d e a d o r or o lidols r hfor p , help,u g h t e r i n g f o r for A s k i n h e dead i d s f o e l s l a slaughtering them and making vows for them and making vows them them are examples of are examples this Shirk. Shirk. Second: Minor Shirk (Ash-Shirk AI-Asgar) which Secondt Minor Shirh ('4sh^Shirh At-Asgff) is ffited thc Qur'an thc Prophcfs tradition stated in the Qur'an or in the Prophet's tradition but . is not the same as Major Shirk. the ssmo es Shirk' (Showing and swearing other than Riya' (Showing off) and swearing by other than Allah are examples of ane 'ralplcs this of Shi/F'' Prophet this kind of Shirk. Prophet Muhammad (SMW ) said : Muhammad (SAAW) said "0/ which I fear for you the nwst is Minor Shirk." ,,o! |eat lor most i' Minor Shirh." When he was asked what was it, he said, "Riya'''3, ilhen hc w&s askcd what was it' he said' "Riya'u3' At'Tabarani Al-Beihaqi thcauthority on 3eollected by Imam Ahmad and At-Tabarani and Al-Beihaqi on the and authority It was Malunoud l$aid Al-fu8afi (RAA) witr goodchainof narration' of Mahmou d bin Lubaid AI-Ansari (RAA) with good chain of narration of bin . It was also reported by At-Tabarani also rcportedby with goodchains narrations theauthority of on At-Tabarani with good chains of narrations on the authority E 8
  11. 11. He (SAAW) also said ,,Ee who He (SAAW) also said :: "He who swears by anything sweotl hy anything other than Allnh conunits Minor shirk.,,4 other than AUah commits Minor shirk. "4 The Prophet TSAAW) also warned The Prophet (8AAW) also warned :: "Do not s{y had Ailah and such and sach (person) "Do not say had Allah and such and such (person) willed but say 'had Atlah willed but say 'had Allah then such and such then such md such (person) willed.' ,,5 (person) willed.' "5 This kind of Shtrk does not ncccssarily lead to This kind of Shirk does not necessarily lead to disbelief from Islam or an eternal stay in Hell. It disbelief from !slam or an eternal stay in Hell. It 'negates, however, the completeness of faith. . negates, however, the completeness of faith. As for the Third As for the Third Kind, which is the hidden Shirk, which is the hidden Shbh, Prophet Muhammad Prophet Muhammad ( 8AAW) explained : SAAW) explained "Shall I not tell you of which I fear for you more "ShaA f tell yoa of fear for yoa ntore fear of Anti-Christ?" said yes, O than I fear of the Anti-Christ?" They said : Yes, 0 Messenger of and he said, *The Messenger of Allah, and he said, "The hidden Shirk Shbk where one beautifies his way of praying only beaufifies his wuy o! praying becatse another because another one is looking at him "6 loohkg himu6 Alternatively, Shirk could Alternatively, Shirk be divided be divided into kinds; two kinds; of Malunoud bin Lubaid upon Rafi'bin Khudaig) of Mahmoud Rafi' bin Khudaig) 4collccted by Imam Ahmad upon thc authority of Ornar 4Collected Alunad the AI-Khatab of omar bin Al-Kharab (RAA) with a good chain of narration .It was arsoreportcd by Abu Dawoud (RAA) chain of narration was also reported and At-Tirmidhi wift a good chain of narrationfrom thc hads€drof lbin omar and At-Tinnidhi with chain of narration the hadccth of Ibin Omac (RAA) ilrat fte Prophet(sAAw) said : '.firc r*o 8WeIIn by ofia fru AIIatt (RAA) that the Prophet (SAA W) said "He Milo snr,a,r otier titlll AIliI1a comniE Kgr (frsbditrl) or Sltirk. " commits KIifr (disb• ./) or Shirk., Scorcctcd by Abu Dawoud wifr good chain of narration on the authority of 5Collectcd by Abu Dawoud with good chain of narration on thc authority of Hutheifahbin A|-Ysnan. . Hutheifah bin AI-Yaman 6gouectec by Imam Alunad (in his bookrheMussnadlwtthcruthorityofof 6Collected by hnam Alunad (in his book The Mussnad) on the authority Abu Sa'eedd-Khodary (RAA) Abu Sa'eed Al-Khodaly (RAA) 9
  12. 12. Major and Minor. In this case, the Hidden Shirk Major and Minor. this case, the sNrk encompasses both both the the Major and Mi'or and kinds Minor lcrnds "n"i*p"rrr* upon the act committed. It is Major if it is depending upon the act committed. depending if is the same as the Shirk the same as the shirk of the Hypocrites who hide the Hypocntes who hide their false beliefs while their false beliefs while showing off Islam out of showing Islam fear. It is Minor fear. is if it is the same as Riyal. if is the same as Riy*'' The Fifth lifth Lesson: Lesqon: The five pillars of Islam are: The five Islam are: Ash-shahadatan: bearing witness that there IS none Ash-Shahadatan: bearing witness that there is none worthy worthy of being worshipped except Allah and that bcing worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad (SAAW ) is His Messenger; establishing Muhammad (SAAW) is His Messenger; establishing praysrs, paying the Alms (Zakah): fasting the month prayers~ paying the -Rumadan; (Zakah), fasting the month of Ramadan~ and performing pilgrimage (Hajj) if one Lf and performing pilgnmage (Haft) if one can afford it. can afford it. The Sixth Lesson: lrsson: The nine conditi ons of prayers are as follows : conditions of prayers are as follows Islam, sanity, Islam, performing the maturity, performing sanity, maturity, the ablution ablution impurities (on the body. , cleanliness from impurities (Wudu), cleanliness from (Wudu) (on the body' clothes, ,tottt"t, and place of prayer), dressing properly, and place prayer), dressing properly' prayers, facing the rght having th~ intention of prayers, facing having thc intention the right direction of Qibla (direction direction Qibla (directron of Ka'aba at Makkah), Ka'aba at Makkah), and the and the praying at the proper time. PraYing at the ProPer time' Seventh Lesson: The Seventh L-esson; The fourtee n The fourteen Basic Elemen ts (Arkan ) of prayers : Basic Elements (Arkan) prayers Standing (if Standing (if one IS able ); saymg "Allahu one is able); saying "Allnhu Ahbar" , Akbar" ' 100 1
  13. 13. which means: Allah is tho Greatest which means: Allah is the Greatest ;; reading the reading the opening $urah of opening 8urah of the Qur'an (AI-FllJiha); lowering the Qu/an (Al-Fatiha); the head and back down at the the head and back down at the right angle (Bukll); angle (^Rrftr); resuming the resuming the initial standing position~ prostrating standing position; prostrating with the toes of both feet, both knees, both hands the toes of both feeL both knees, both hands and the forehead touching the ground (Staiud); rising and the forehead touching the ground (Sujutl); rising a sitting position; a short rest in a sitting position; a short rest in a sitting posture a sitting posture between the between the two prostrations; tranquillity prostrations; tranquillity in all actions; performing actions; performing. the Basic Elements of prayer in Basio Elements prayer order; order; the last Toshahlld (the second part); sitting for Tashahud second the the last Toshahud; exalting the Prophet Muhammad Tashahud; er<alting the Prophet (SAAIfr/) and (8MW) and turning the face to the right side and to the face the side and the the left one one saying saylng "Assalamu ",4ssalanrur Alaykum Alay*am wa wE Rahilntullnh" (Peace and Rahnudullalt" (Peace and Mercy. of Allah be upon Mercy. of be upon one you) one time on each side. on each side. The Eiehth Eighth l6son: Lesson: The eight obligatory acts of the prayer are: obligatory of are: All the occasions AU the occasions of saying Allahu Akbar other than saying AIIahu Akbar other than Tahbeerat TakbeerllJ AI-Ihram; Al-Ihram; saying saying Allahu liman Sami Allahu limnn fran idflh Hamidah (Allah accepts any who are thankful to accepts are Him) by the Imam as well as thc as &s the one who is pralng the one praying alone, and sayrng Rabbana alone, and saying Rabbuna wa laka Al-hE nd (Our Inha Al-Itanul Rabb (AIInh is tlte Rihb (AllaJa ie the True Lord), praise be to You) for praise be both the Imam and the individual; saying Subhana individual; Subltana Robh Al-Atheem (Glory to my Rabbi Al-Atheem (Glory Rnhh (Allah), Rabb (Allah), the Most Great ) in Ruku; saying Subhana Rabbi AL ) Subhana Rilhbi Ai-. A'La (Glory to my Rabb (Allah), the Most High) in A'h Rnbb Sujud; saying Rab Ighfu Ii Sujud; saying Rab Ighfv A (Oh! Rabb , my Rilbb , grant forgivencss to me) betwccn the two prostrations; the forgiveness between prostrations; A1-Awwal)~ first part (At-Tashahud AI-Awwal); and sitting for it. first 11
  14. 14. The Ninth Lesson: Ninth , Legson: Knowing Knowing oontents of At-Tashahud : the contents of At-Tashahud "Alta hiyyalo hlyato Lillahi Liltahi wassalawatu wassaluvatu 'waiiayyrbat, : First First Part Part: "Atta ayyuha annabi wa A/a yka ayyu Assalamu itny*o e,,it*"t ha onabi rr6t wattayyibat. Assa lamu a/ayna wa Assalanu alayna rahmat-u-llahi )fIa barakatuh, rahnwt-u-llahi *o harakanh, la ilaha iUa ilaha illa a'la ibad a'la ibad if/ahi assalihin, Ashadu an tttahti qssalihin' Ash adu fr' ammadan Abdultu wa Abd uhu va Allah, wa ashadu anna kluh Altah, va ashada Emt lvluhswtadut Ras ulah. Raslalah. "A/ /ah um ma Sal'lee a/a Muhnmnd Muhammad Sec ond Part: Second Part: " Allahuffimct Sal'lee ala eita ala Wa Wa ala a'ali Muh amm ad kama Sal' a'ali Muhstmad kffia Sal'etla hirna, Wa Va ban a/a barikk ala lbra him a Wa a/a o'ali lbra Ibrahinn Wa"'ala a'ali lbrahima' a barak/a barakta Muhammad rya ala Muhanmad wa ala a'ai; Muhammad kam a'ali Mahamsd kmu a/a ala a'ali lbrahim a'ali lbrahim*a. lnna ka Ifi'aha a/a lbra him a ala lbrahima wa Hamidon Majid. " Hwnidon Maiid. prayers and the good and- goo d FIR ST PAR T "Greetings, pruyry FIRST PART "Greetings' things of life belong to AIInh iiist o! life belong Allah . Peace be upon you', Peace upon you "tn" rll]d HIS AUah and '[l.tr o Prophet, and the Mercltus ofaU Allah- Oil the O hophet, Mercy o! and blessings. Peace be upon blzssings. Peoce uPon righteous servants righteous ,"*o* of Allah. I bear witness that of AIlutL beor witnass that of worship bul Allah worthy of worship but AIIuI there is no true God worthy there ts Muh amn uul is His Muharunad it Eis alone, and I bear witness that alone, bear wilness inot true slave and Messenger." truc slave tlessenger'" h! Exo1J Mfin"'nuduul F** Muhamn SECOND PAR T : "Oh Alla SECOND PART AIIuL'! the fam ily of Muh and the n"';ly ammad, as you did exalt of Muhamnnd' 't'r exalt fomitv oj fam ily of Abr aha m Abroham Ibrahim (Abraltam ) and the Ibrehim 6;;;i; ) fam ily of o! And bless Muh And bl'ss ammad and the luluharmnd ani! it'" Idnily blss Abr aha s Abrahan m and the d"d ltluhammad, as you did bles Muhammad, 4s Most- people of Abrahant peoplc o! Abraham, verily You are the Most- verily You ure 'ni*"4 Praised, The Most-Glorious." The Most'Glnriorls'" t7 12
  15. 15. Following the reciting of the Tashahud, Following the recItmg of the Tashahud, the slave the slave asks Allah's protection from the torment asks Allah's protection from the torment of Hell, the ' torment of Heil, the of the grave, the trials in lifb-time torment of the grave, the trials in life-time and after and after deat'" and trom the impostor Anti-chnst. death, and from the impostor Anti-Christ. After that Arter that he m1I supplicate and ask Allah he may supplicate and ask Allah whatever he wishes whatever he wishes especially the type of invocation said especially the type of invocation said by the Prophet by the prophet (sAAW): (SAAW ): "O Allah h"lp *u to p"dorm "0 Allah help me to perform rememb rance of You remembrance of you -_ and to give all due thanks to You and and to give art due thanki to you md allow me 10 orow rne lo worship you in the good way (i worship you in the good w~ (i. e. as ordaine d by g. as ordained by Allah and His Messenger). O Attah Allah and His Messenger). 0 Allah 1 have inflicted I have inflicted a gredt deal a great deal of wrong upon myself and Ihere is wrong upon mysetf and there is -of none other than you none other than You who csn ofer who can offer forgiveness. Granl me forgiveness forgiveness. Grant me forgive ness from You and grant me your you oni- gr*, ,* Merqt. Mercy. I'ou You are The The All-Merciful, All-Mercifu-1, The The Oft- Oft_ Forgiving." Forgiving. " The The Tenth lrsson: Lesson: I'he The Sunnan (supererogatory) acts of the prayer (supererogatory) acts of the prayer : 1. The opening call of the prayer. I The openingcall of the prayer. 2. Placingthe right hand overthe reft one 2. Placing the right hand over the left one with both over both over the the chestwhile in the standingpositron. chest the standing position. 3- Raisingthe handsup to the-level the shoulders 3. Raising the hands the level of the shoulders or'ear the of or near the earswith the fingersbeing crosetogether (not separate ears the fingers being close together d) when separated) when sayingAllahu Albar at the beginningof th, p."y;;, when saying Allahu Akbar beginning of the prayer, when performingthe Ruku, when rezuming-ttrrstanding performing the Ruku, when resuming the rt"naing position position after Ruku, and when standingto belin ttre third unit Ruku, and when standing to begin the ttrird init of the of the prayer. prayer. 4. Sayingsubhana Rabbi Al-Adheem and SlIbhan 4. Saying Subhan a Al-Adh eem and subhana Rabbi At_ a Rabbi Al- A'la morethan oncein Ruku and Sujud, respectively. A'La more than once in Ruku and Sujud, respectively. 5' saying Rab Ighfir ri warhanni wahdint warzuq 5. Saying Rab Ighfir Ii warham ni wahdin i *"ii"l'wa,afini, ni wa'afin i, t13 3
  16. 16. wajbum i (Allah, nry Rabb, grant nu forgive ness, hmte wajburni (Allah, ~ Rabb, grant me fotgiveness ' have mercy on me, guide me, provide me with your blessings and rnercy on nre,guide '*, p'*fd" me with your blessing s mtd console me.smore than consoleme) iorcthan once betweenthe two prostrations. once between the two prostrations. 6. Bowing down making the e a d and back o n o n l e v e This is 6 .Bo w i n gdownm " k ing th e hhead a n d b a c kon oneelevel. l .Thi si s the position of Ruku. the position of Ruku. 7. While prostrating, the arms should not be brought close to the 7'Whileprostrating,thearmsshouldnotbcbroughtclosctothe to the thighs or the thighs to the legs' sidesnor the abdomen to the thighs or the thighs to the sides legs. "b,io**n arms Sujud. 8. Raisingthe arms in Sujud' Raising of Muhammad, 9. Prayin-gfor the Prophet and the family of Muhammad' Praying tUratrim and the f"htty of Ibrahim family Tashahud). of lbrahim (as in Tashahud)' Ibrahim 10. Performing 10. Perforrnirrgth. the earty *otnittg prayer and the first two uruts of early morning first units of the sunset and the evening prayer with an audible voice. thesunsetandtheeveningpfayerwithanaudiblevoice. I l. sitting bstween prostrationi on thc outer side 11. Sitting between prostrations the side of thc lcft foot ofthe left riWit foot (i-; liying it flai) keeping the riSht.foot (i.e. laying flat) keeping erected.with the erected with ground. I h€ sa:ne internal parts of the toes touching the groqll' The of toes touching same positionis to be taken while position is while sitting in the First Part of First of Tashahud. Tashahud. 12. position af "Tawar'ntk" the rlitation of the 12. Taking the position of "Tawar'ruk" during the recitation ofthe full Tashahud: The person sits on his left foot laid down with tull Tashahud;Th; p€rson sits fmt his right foot erected. crected. 13. Du'a iio in*tt following the recitation ofthe 13. Making Du'a (to invoke Allah) following the recitation ofthe last Tashahud. last Tashahud. (late 14. Whispering the recitation in the Thuhr (Noon), Asr (late 14. Whispering thc recitation the (Noon)' afternoo afternoon), ih" reka'of Maghrib (Sunset) preyer, and n), the third raka' of Maghrib (Sunset) prayer, and the last two raka'at of the Isha' (Evening) prayer.' thelasttworaka'atofthelsha'(Evening)prayer.' 15. Reciting another passage from the Qut'an after thc 15. Reciting another passage from the Holy Qur'an after the opening Surah of Al-Fatiha. opening Surah of Al-Fatiha' The Eleventh Lesson: The EleJenth l-esson: Invalid ation ofthe prayers :: Invelidation of the Prayers Any prayer is invalid and nullified ifany ofthe following acts are Anyprayerisinvalidandnullifiedifanyofthefollowingactsffe committed: oommittod: 14
  17. 17. l. Intentional talking 1. Intentional talking . . 2. L^aughing. 2. Laughing. 3. E"tiog. 3. Eating. 4. Drinking. 4. Drinking. 5. uncovering the parts of the body of which are not allowed to 5. Uncovering the parts of the body of which are not allowed to be uncsvered during prayer. be uncovered during prayer. 6. Excessivealteration in the direction towards the 6. Excessive alteration in the direction towards the Qibla. eibla 7. Excessive moving outside the regular acts and movementsof 7. Excessive moving outside the regular acts and movements of prayer, without a proper reason. prayer, without a proper reason. 8. Nullifying the ablution. 8. Nullifying the ablution. The Twelfth [.esson: The Twelfth Lesson: The ten conditions for performing ablution are: The ten conditions for performing ablution are: l. Islam. 1. Islam. 2. Sanity. 2. Sanity. 3. 3. Maturity. 4&5.Intention and its continuity (i.e. the personshould not intend 4&5.Intention and its continuity (i.e. the person should not intend discontinue ablution before to discontinue his ablution before its completion). completion). 6. If one performsIstinja' (cleaningthe areasof natural Ifone performs ]stirya' (cleaning areas of natural dischargeswith water) or with stones, tissues, leavesetc. discharges stones, tissues, leaves etc. (I st ijttnr) before ablution. (lstijmar) 7 - water must be pure andMubah (i.e. it is not stolenor taken 7. Water pure and Muhah (i.e. it stolen taken by tbrce). by torce). 8. The removal of all things that prevent water from reachingthe 8. The removal ofall things that prevent water from reaching the parts ofablution such as mud. parts ofablution such as mud. 9- Thosewho continually lose their ablution (for examptedue to 9. Those who continually lose their ablution (for exnrnple due to releascof gas, uring or any reasonthat nulifies abiution), release of gas, urine, or any reason that nullifies ablution), must makc prior to prayers. must make prior to prayers. 10' causes that requiresablution (e.g. urinc, eating camel meaL 10. Causes that requires ablution (e.g. urine, eating camel meat, sleep,etc.) sleep. etc.)
  18. 18. Thi rtee nth Lesson: The Thirteenth ksson: obligatorA elements of ablution are: The obli gato ry elem ents of ablu tion are: l. Was hing the face including rins ing out the mouth with the mou th 1. Washing the face including rinsing nose. of the nose' water and cleansing the nostrils of water .l*"nting nostrils "nd 2. Was hing the two hands up to and 2. Washing han ds and including the elbows. including elbows' 3. Wiping-the whole head i. Wiping the whole head including the two ears. including ears' heels. feet including the heels' - --:. 1. Washilngtho two feet including 4. Was hing the out delays. 5. Doing the ablu tion in the prescribed sequence, with 5.DoingtheebtutionintheprescribedsGquenoe'withoutdelays. The Fou rtee nth Lesson: Fourteerrth l-esson: ablution are: The six nullifyingg acts of the ablu sir null ifyin of tion are: e, feces, gas, etc. 1. Nat ural excretion, such as urin l.Nafuralexcretion,suchasurine'feces'gas'ct:'^ the body. ely discharged from 2. Any unclean substance excessiv 2'Anyuncleansubstanceexcessivelydischargedfromthebody. p, loss of consciousness or of consciousness 3. Losing one's reason due to slee loss 3. Losing one', ,Lton due sleep' otherwise. otherwise. Prop het -SAAW ordered so).' Prophet -SAAW ordered so) 4. Eating camel meat (becausethe 4. Eating camel mea t (bec ause the 5. Rejectionof Islam. 5. Rejection of Islam' han d (without any barrier: 6. Touching the sexual orga ns with 6.Touchingthese:nralorganswithhand(withoutanybarrior: clothes and so on). clothes and so on)' nullify the ablution except for nullifu ablution except Not ice:: Was hing the dead doe s not Notice wr*hirii,l* a*g does touches (wit hou t any ba$er) the that the washer's hand touches *"tfJ; han d (without Ty barrier) or without desire does not sexual organs. Kissing women with sexualorgans.Kissingwomellwithorwithoutdesiredoesnot one because theProphet (8MW) once kissed kissed one nullify ablution U"""'i* the Prophet-(SAfW).o.n*This nullifu "Uroiion orming ablution. This pertb-rming abtution' his*iu., i'a pt"v"awithouf of his wives and prayed without pert d sexual excretions (e.g. sexualexoretions (e'g' holds as long as there is no associate holds as long as there associated of Allah' Mos t Glorified : semen). As for the saying of Allah, Most semen).A"'"f";th;'"ying Glorified tf-tlf p-'*T 1i ~ rtf:: "W I] 4( "W t ~"'J Ji } ftf ct*;lr 1 { with women women " ..or you havc been in con tact with ..or you hav e bee n in contact al rela tion s)... " (Qur'an 4: 43) - -r 1- 1 (by sexu relations)""' sexual (9ut'1n i' thu involvementin a fuJI sexu lvement a full setn|alal The con tact with women is the invo contact;th ;;"n relation as related by Ibin Ab'b ass and others and it is the Aubass and others and relation *;il; 16 l6
  19. 19. correct opinion. correct opinion. The The- Fifteenth Fifteenth Lesson: ksson: The reconunended morals The recornmended morars for every Muslim are: every are: Truthfulness, Truthfi.rlness, honesty, honesty, abstinence abstinence & modesty, modesty. courage, courage, generosity, generosity, loyalty, loyalty, refraining refraining from from everything that everything that Allah had made unlawful, being a had made unlawfu-i, being a good neighbor, helping the needy, and oih". good neighbor, helping the needy, and other morals morars stated either in the Holy Qur'an or in the Prophet's stated either the eur'an the prophet's F (SAAW) (SMW) tradition. tradirion. The sixteenth sixteenth Lesson: Lesson: Islamic decencies: decencies: Greeting, cheerfulness, eating and drinking with the Greeting, cheerfulness, eating a'd the right right hand, adhering to the Islamic conduct m hand, adhering to the Islamic ionduct in entering and leaving homes and mosques and while entering and leaving homes and mosques and while traveling traveling, dealing dealing kindly with with parents, relatives, parents, relatives, neighbors, neighbors, the the old old man man and *nd the ttre young, young, congratulating, lamenting, and other Islamic ethics. congratulating, lamenting, and other Islamic ethics- The Seventeenth Seve4teenth Lesson: l_.esson: Warning against Warning against Shirk and against other wrong- and against other doings such as witchcraft, murdering, taking the doings such as witchcralt, murJering, taking the money money of thethe orphan dealing with interest (riba), orphan dealing interest (ribat escaping on the d"y of Jihad, speaking evil of escaping on the day of Jihad, speaking evil of faithful faithfur w9m€n, disobeying parents, breaking women, disobeying parents, breaking up with one's one's relatives, relatives, false witnessing, harming neighbors, and false witnessing, harming neighbors, and committing outrage upon others, and other oommitting outrage upon others, and other wanrings warnings as declared by Allah and His messenger (SMW). as declared and His messenger (SAAW). 17
  20. 20. The The Eiehtee nth Eighteenth Lesson: [,esson: Washin g the dead body and perform ing performing the Washing funeral funeral prayer: prayeri A) A) Washin g Washins the dead: 1. Muslim confinned dead eyes be closed 1. When a Muslim is confirmed dead his eyesmust be closed brought together. and his jaws brought together. and When washing the dead body, the whole body beginning with 2. when washingthe dead body, the whole body beginning the exposedparts of ablution must be washed.The abdomen exposed parts of washed. abdomen squeezed and followed by washing of the anus and is genily squeezed gently and followed washing of anus and the sexual organs using piece of cloth. ablution the sexual organs using a wet pieceof cloth' Normal ablution will then be performed. the body is washed starting with the will then be performed. The washed starting the head and beard using water mixed with head and beard using water mixed the leaves of 8idr the leavesof Sidr ([ote-tree, available).The if sidemust be washedbefore (lote-tree, if available). The right side must be washed before thc lcft sicleand the the ldl. side and the body rnustbe washed threetimes.Each body must be washcdthree times. Each time the abdomen is squeezed as above. The mustache and and time the abdomenis ,que*'"d as above'The mustache are clipped *h"n the is clean-' wrapped the nails are clipped and when the body is clean, it is wrapped the nails "nd and in three white cotton sheets covering all parts of the body and three white rotton sheetscovering altrparts the perfumed with incense. If the body is still incense.If the body unclean, ablution unclean, ablution f*rfumed the body dried must be extended to 5-7 times after which the body is dried must be extended 5-? times after cloth. Men's hair should not be combed while that with a clean cloth. a clean Men's should be combed hanging of a woman is to be braided into three chains and left hanging three chains and a woman is be braided down behind her. behind her. a 3. It is preferred to shroud men with three white sheets without a 3. is preferredto shroud men three white sheets gown Amamah gown (head cover); children onc up thrw or Amamah (head cover)~ children in one up to three sheets and women in five sheets: a) Dir': a loose outer Ih""t, and women sheets:a) Dil: loose garment with sleeves slit in front , b) Khimar : covering head garment sleevesslit infront b) Khfunar cweringhead andface, c) lzzar:: a sheet wrapped around the waist. and ondface, c) Inar sheet wrapped around the waist' utd d) Two overall wrapping sheets. Young girls can be wrapped d) Twowetall wrapping "he"i' Voung can be wrappcd with a gown and two sheets. a gown and sheets' 18
  21. 21. 4. Thc onewho hasthe mostright to washthedeadbodyof 4. The one who has the most right to wash the dead body of aa manis his chosen guardian any)thenhis father,his (if man is his chosen guardian (if any) then his father, his grandtather, the closest his relatives. womanis then of The grandfather, then the closest of his relatives. The woman is bestwashed her chosen by female best washed by her chosen female then the mother, the thenthemother, the grandmother, the closest of her female tlen one grandmother, then the closest one of her female relatives. The relatives. The husband washthe bodyof his wife andviceversabecause can husband can wash the body of his wife and vice versa because Abu Bakr (RAA) waswashed his wife andAli bin Abi Abu Bakr (RAA) was washed by his wife and Ali bin Abi bv Taleb(RAA) washed wife, Fatima(RAA). his Taleb (RAA) washed his wife, Fatima (RAA). B) The tuneral prayeJ (S4at-Alia4ngaL Bl ...The funeral Drayer (Salat-Aljanaza): Saying Takbeer: Saying ,,Allahu Akbar" Takbaer: "AIlah" Ahbar,, four times. four times. Reciting AI-Falilla after the first Reciting Al-Fatiha after the first Takbeer. Following Takbeer. Following the second Takbeer, on€ prays for the prophet the second Takbeer, one prays for the Prophet (SAAW) as hc does in Tashatrud, Then after saylng (8AAW) as he does in Tashahud. Then after saying 'tAllohr Akhof for the thiid time, on€ recites wha-t "AllII1tll Akbar" for the third time, one recites what is usually said other prayers like asking Allah ro is usually said in other prayers like asking Allah to forgive all Muslims or any supplications he knows, forgive all Muslims or any supplications he knows, preferably this: preferably this: (Allahwwru IShfu (Allahumma [gllfir Ii hayyinS wa mayyitina, wa hayyirt *a mayyitina, nu shtrtidinu sllalai.di.na wa wa ghaibina wa gllaibina na saghEerina wu sag"eerina wa *abceino kllbeerilul wq tltaka";"a wE aathanaAttahwuna wa tkaftarina wa IUltlttmtl. AllsillUlUllll ,nan Ahyaytafu "';""a la dyill; ala ALIslam Wa IIUIII AhyaytaJrll mhna fa ahyihi AI-Islam. Wa ,nrn 1IUIII tmtaflaytalu ttlWaflaytallll IIIituuJ ta miilrrr fa tawtifj'a1Iu ala AI- tuwaffaha alt AL Inun..)" ll1Ul1L..). ffO Allah! grant forgiveness to our living and to our "0 Allah! grant forgiveness our living and our dead, and to those who are present and to those who dead, and those are present and those who arre absent, and to our young and our old folh and to are absent, and young and folk, and our males and our females, O Alleh! whomsoover males and females. 0 Allah! whomsoever you grant to live, from among usn help him to live in you grant to live, from among us. help him to live in Islam and whomsocver of us you caus€ to die, help Islam and whomsoever of us you cause to die, help him to die in faith. O Allah! do not dcprive us of the him to die in faith. 0 Allah! do not deprive us of the 19
  22. 22. rcTafd for patience on his (her, their) loss and do not revyard for patience on his (her, their) loss and do not make us subject to trial after him...." makc us subjact to trisl aftcr him...." "...A1lIIJJ1UIIIIUI. lghft "..Allahunnta IgJajir laltll. ftohu WIl1'JatuMlI. wa'afihi wzrhortu wa'tifdli wtI '/II. wt'fu IIIIltIl., anhra wa'akrim wa'ahrim IUlVllahIl w nngdaht wa n'assi' f wassi madkJaalaltll. rdhhfuIu , wa'glasilJall. wdghsilhu bil bil ma'i wathalgi ma'i watJaalgi walbll1'ad, wa n4gIhi walbara4 milia al-thunoubi walhhataya wa nagilai mina d,thunoubi walkhataya kama kama lUUUla athawbo alahyado mina ad'danas',, tt.aqa athawho alabyado miIla ad-danas. wt dbdilhu daran kJaairan min d*rihi wa abdillall duail khairan darihi ,, n4 ahlnn wa ahlan klrairan min alrlilri, wd adhhiku *huban rlrin shlihi, wa adJchilhu aj'Jannah, nG aj-Jannah, wa aidJa-hll aiith-ha min tulhabi odhabi alqabr, al4abr, wa adhabi an' wa adhabi an- 1UI17'" wofsalt nan,,w$sah lahll .fee qabrihi, wsnorwir lahu tehi, lahu fee qabtihi, wanawir lahu fehi, la taltrimluJ ajraltu, wt I4 A1lIIJJ1UtUIUJ til tahrhna Allattuntna qi/rahu, wa la tuillika tlldlilna ba'dahll . " ba'dahu ." nO "0 Allah forgive him (het, them) and have your t Allah forgive (her, and have your I Mercy upon him, protect him and pardon hiur, Mercy upon him, protect and pardon him, receive him with honor receive honor and and make his make his grave grave water, snow and hail, and spacious, wash him with water, snow and hail, and spacious, wash from sins and wrongdoings as clean him from sins and wrong-doings as ri*n cleaned is cleaned a white gannent from a garmont impurity, rcquite requite him with anan abode more excellent than his and abode more excellent a mate better and with a mate better him to the Garden, and protect than his mate. Admit him to the Garden, and protect than his mate. him from the tonnent of the grave and him from the torment the tormcnt of the grave and the torment of the Fire, widen his spece in his grave and bring of the Fire, widen his space in his grave and bring him light therein. O Allsh dont deprive us from his him light therein. 0 Allah don't deprive us from his reward and don't let us go astray after him. Then reward and don't let us go astray after him. Then Ahbar" for the fourth time one after saying "Allahu Akbar" for the fourth time one after sayrng "Ailrtu turns his head to the right turns his head to the right (making tasleem) and (making tasleem) and thus ending the funeral prayer. thus ending the funeral Prayer' It is best to raise on€'s hand while sayrng "Allahu It is best to raise one's hand while saying "Allahu Akbar" Akhat" child or an infant the In the case when the dead is aa child or an infant, the In thc casc when the dead is 20
  23. 23. following following Du'a is made: Du'a is made: "Al1tIJJlUIIIIUI "Allrtunna 1jtllJla, fialh + tlJIik,."" dhi*run liwtIlidaye1li lh+zlidayehi wtl.dltljee'tJ11 tanhgccton 1lUljaba. ,n$ahr. A1JsJJ1UII4 Allahuu thllqil thoqit bilai bihi 1II/lWtJUeIIIIJ1IIIUJ WII ,,'dJIim bill; UjoraJalUlUl w" ntowsuenahunu wa a,dhim biht lfiorahuna wa alhtq'hlr alltiq'ltu hi stJ1ila hi salih Al-Mu'mill-neen, woj'lIlJI" lee ,4l,Milmin-nea, rwj,alhu fce hahldi kll/aUIti lbilim Ibm;'" lIkiJai otcihi As-SalJun, As&d^ waqihi iiqni hi bi rahnatika rahllUltiJca adhaba ad/aaba oj-jahim. " i-jahim,, uo "0 Allah make him a preceding reward and a reserve maks him a proccding reward and a res€rve treasure treasure (on the Day of Judgment) for his parents~ a the D*.y Judgment) his paren$; a one whose intercession would be granted. 0 one whose intcrcession wourd be granted. o Allah makc make of him an excess in the measures and in the an cxsess thc *Jru.*, and the rewards (granted by Allah) to his parents. Let him pwards (granted Allah) parents. Ler jo.tn the- company of the righteous believers and make join the company of the righteous believers and make him under the care of Abraham (may the peace of under the cor' of Abiaham the peace of Allah be upon him), and protect hi~ by Your f upon and prorect hinu your Mucy, Mercy, from the torment of the blazing Fire ". the of Fi;; ,.- The Positio n of The ImaJD In The FlDleral hayer: Prayer : Thc 'tradition The .tradition is for the Imam to stand right next to the stand next the hcad of the body if it is a man, and head of the if man, and to the middre the middle of of the body if it is a woman. if woman. If If there arc men' wome* mare and feinare children are men, women, male female in one funcraf one funeral the following positions a^rc to be following positions are taken: taken: The mcn right in front of the Imam. The women ]ht men of Imam. wo*€' further towards the Qibla. towards male children are The mare chirdren ar€ ebra. between thc men and wom€n and more between the women morie towards thc the men while the fcrnale childrcn follow female children follow further women furthcr down in thc dircction of Qibla (all of the direction of eibla dead bodies of the dead bodies af,e to b€ laid parallel to those preying). are be those praying). The bodies 21
  24. 24. such that tho hcad of the rnale a^re to bc arang€dd sugh that the are to be arrange head of the male a child child lics next to that of a man while the middle of lies nod to- tn"t of a man whilc tho middle of a woman lies next to the head of a' man. The a. man' The hesd of head of woman lics *o- t" th" h€gd of wotnan' the fcmate child lies next to the hcad of Ia woman. the female child lies next to the head of The follower of Imam are The followsrss of Imam are to stsnd bchind him just to stand behind him just It is acceptable for one to stand as in other prayers. It is acccptable -for :n:. to stand as in other t*t"* to the right of Imam if hc findl no plaoc bchind him' to thc right of'li"r if he finds no place behind him. His blessings and All praise is due to Allah and I'Iis blcssings - Td All praisc is duc to Allah and His Prophet peace be upon His Prophct, p€ec€ be tr*i , his tbmilY and his his tamily and his companions companions •••••••••• *+***ti*t For For any cotnnentt or suggestion, please write to: ery conunen or suggestion' please Dr. Dr. Saleh As-Saleh Saleh As-Saleh Islamic Guidance Islmtic Guidsrce Center P.o.Box 142 P.O.Bos 142 Buraidah, , KSAA Bu ra i fu h KS 22
  25. 25. i{t*l fuUl i-+.Jl,yr$al ~, ~~U;.Jb , d+'iJl i-U-, t+l'ti lL U 4ll,-f iJi+Jl,-!" j4 ~ 411 b4L ~~ b4L ~~j U~j J i'Jll+i} 4-4s;u J=a~ .j .pa-+Jl b...1L.A bJL-.c. , a---sl;3 ~.J.J '" l-ii- .... 99' bJL--t=JlpJL_a .r= 5.+.ts
  26. 26. "'. - -. - rJ- " - ....~ .. ',' - ~. = --~ , .. . . I

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