o                       •              0
 ----
   .      .
                     ~
                         . -"
          ...
THEFOUNDATIONS
   THE FOUNDATIONS
WHICHMANWILL BE ASKEDABOUTIN THE
WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE
        GRAVE ANDO...
Abu Abbas also related(in this regard),"Be Godly,
Abu Abbas also related (in this regard), "Be Godly,
forbearing and knowl...
NOTE TO THE READER
NOTE    THE READER

This     the second edition     the book titled lfrsr
This is the second edition of...
In the Name of Allah,
                    ln     Name of Allah,
                        Most Gracious,
                   ...
Introduction
                 Introduction



          lssues That MustBe Known
          Issues That Must Be Known

Befo...
Prophet Muhammad6 said: "He who goes on
Prophet MuhammadlA said: "He who goes on a
path in the pursuit knowledge,Allah mak...
Another Hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurairah ("adhi
Another Hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurairah fradhi
 Allah'anh)said: heard Pro...
Also Abu Hurairah (radhiAilahu 'anh) said: "The
Also Abu Hurairah (radhi Allahu 'anh) said: 'The
Prophet$ used to say, 'O ...
your Lord. And if        not,
     from your Lord. And if you do not,
                        not
     then you have not c...
All that was mentionedabove are summedup in
   All that was mentioned above are summed-up in
   SuratAl-Asr. Allah     Exa...
4 Patience dealing
             in         with allthesematters.
4.. Patience in dealing with all these matters.

       T...
'We
He said,           went out with tre Prophets
He said, "We went out with the Prophetli!!.
accompanying     the corpse ...
'And
Another narrationsays:
Another narration says: 'And when his soul come
                                 when his soul...
in illiyyeen(The registerin which good deeds are to
   iIliween (The register which good deeds
be written)'."
    written)...
Allah      keep                believe,
    Allah will keep firm those who believe,
    with the word that stands firm in ...
Judgment,so I can go back to my family and my
Judgment, so can go back to my family and my
                               ...
lifetime. They will continue until they reach the
lifetime. They will continue until they reach the
closestskies. They wil...
your Rabb?' He will answer, 'Huh, Huh I don't
your Rabb?'            will answer, 'Huh, Huh-        don't
know.' Then they...
heard by everythingexcept AththagataLn
heard by everything except Aththaga/ain (mankind
                                  ...
And II created not the Jinns and Men
       And            not     Jinns and Men
       exceptthey should worshiP Me.
    ...
leave them aimless but He sent them a
   leave them aimless but He sent them
   Messenger. Whoeverobeys the Messenger will...
3. One must befriendAuliya of Allah (supporters,
3. One must befriend Auliya of Allah (supporters,
   helpers)of the belie...
on account of religion and have driven
    on account of religion and have driven
    you out of your homes and helped to
...
becomes                 to
   becom* manifest to them that this is
                               that this is
   the trut...
understandthe significanceof the order or not.
understand the significance of the order or not.
 Once we know that the wor...
lnvoke your Lord with humiliU and in
     Invoke your Lord      humility     in
     secret. (QufanT:S5)
     secret  (Qur...
e. A/ /sfi'qhafha (invokinq Allah for salvation)and a/
e. Allstighatha (invoking Allah for salvation) and al
    rsfl'anah...
The scholarsin their commentaryof the Qur'an
  The scholars in their commentary of the Qur'an
  said that in this verse Su...
With this Deen,Allah has abrogated   other religions
With this Deen, Allah has abrogated other religions
 and acceptedlsla...
The Deorees Deen
                    Degrees of Deen
This Deen comes in three degrees;they are lslam,
This Deen comes     ...
Allah bears witness that la ilaha ila
      Huwa (none has the
      Huwa (none has the right to be
      worshipped Hrt H...
4.
4.   Fasting the month Ramadhan.Allah says:
     Fastingthe monthof Ramadhan.Allahsays:

     o
     O you who believe!...
believe, it has increased
         for those who believe, it has increased
             those
         their faith and the...
Another book one must believe in is the Zaboor
Another book one must believe in is             Zaboor
(Psalms)that Allah h...
righteou*
     It is not AI-Birr (piety and righteous-
           not
     ness/ that you turn your faces towards
     nes...
"Whilewe were sittingnear the Messengerof Allah
"While        were sitting near the Messenger     Allah
a man appearedwear...
The Third Foundation
The Third Foundation
Man must know his ProphetMuhamma#. He is
Man must know his Prophet Muhammad3. He...
And We have not sent you (0 Muham
     And We             sent         (O
     mad) except as a giver of glad tidings
    ...
longer accepted by Allah; repentancehowever,
longer accepted by Allah; repentance however,
could be acceptedby Allah until...
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT
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THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT

  1. 1. o • 0 ---- . . ~ . -" ' ~ .._-.. - - .. . _ - - _.. _---.. - A . 0 . - - - . h . • A • . . h ~ 0 .. . ~ . • ~ . • ~ . 0 --_. . 0 .. "'" ." "'" .... "'. ;~"'.. • ~ .. - ."'.. .." . . . . ;;4': "".. .....~~ ..... .... . ' , . ~ '~...: ' '.~ ~" ... ' : ' •• .. .,"1 _. .. . '..... .. .. .. .. .. .. .. " ' .... ~.. .. .. '1,~' .. . .... ".... ~ ••••• .. . . • ... ' . ' .. E OUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE AND ON DAY OF JUDGMENT Prepared by: Sh. Hmoud M. AI-Lahim Translated by: Dr. Ibrahim S. Abu Nayyan
  2. 2. THEFOUNDATIONS THE FOUNDATIONS WHICHMANWILL BE ASKEDABOUTIN THE WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE ANDON THE GRAVE AND ONTHE DAYOF JUDGMENT DAY OTJUDGMENT Prepared by: Prepared by: Al-Lahim Hamoud M. AI-Lahim Hamoud Translated by: Translated by: Dr. lbrahim bin Sa'dAbu Nayyan Dr. Ibrahim bin Sa'd Abu Nayyan Corrected Version Modefied & Corrected Version Second Edition: 1423 H - 2002 M Second 1423 2002N4
  3. 3. Abu Abbas also related(in this regard),"Be Godly, Abu Abbas also related (in this regard), "Be Godly, forbearing and knowledgeable (about lslam)'. forbearing and knowledgeable (about Islam)". (SahihAl Bukhari(1125) (Sahih AI Bukhari (1/25) Since knowledge is the foundation Since knowledge is the foundation for knowing knowing Allahthe One to be worshipped,the Creator and Allah-the One to be worshipped, the Creator and the Provider, His Deen (religion), and His the Provider, His Deen (religion), and His Messenger,then seeking knowledgeis form Messenger, then seeking knowledge is a form of worshipping worshipping Allah the Almighty. Allahthe Alrnighty. Prophet Muhamma~ had illustrated the virtue of Prophet Muhammad# had illustratedthe virtue knowledge when he said in Hadeeth (the knowledge when he said in a Hadeeth (the statement of Prophet MUhamma~) as narrated by statement Prophet Muhamma#) as narrated by Abu Addarda. Abu Addarda. "lf anyone travels on road in search "If anyone travels on a road in search of know know ledge, Allah will cause him to travel on one the ledge, Allah will cause him to travel on one of the roads to Jannah (Heaven),the Angels will lower roads to Jannah (Heaven), the Angels will lower their wings from good pleasure one who seeks for their wings from good pleasure for one who seeks The inhabitants the heavensand the knowledge. The inhabitants of the heavens and the knowledge. earth and even the whales in the water will ask earth and even the whales in the water will ask Allah to forgivehim. The stperiority the learned Allah to forgive him. The s4)eriority of the learned of (of the Qur'an and Sunnah)man over the devout (of the Qur'an and Sunnah) man over the devout (without knowledge) likethat of the moon at night is (without knowledge) is like that of the moon at night when it is full over the rest of the stars."(Addarami when it is full over the rest of the stars." (Addarami 1/43) 1t43) Abu Hurairah(radhi Allahu'anh)) naffated Hadeeth Abu Hurairah (radhi Allahu 'anh)) narrated a Hadeeth saying. "There is no man who goes on saying: "There is no man who goes on a path path seekingknowledge Allah made easy for him but seeking knowledge but Allah made easy for him a pathto Jannah."(Addararni 1/83) path to Jannah." (Addarami 1/83) 5
  4. 4. NOTE TO THE READER NOTE THE READER This the second edition the book titled lfrsr This is the second edition of the book titled "The Principles Mrich Man Wll be Asked About in the PrinciolesWhich Man Will be Asked About in the Grave and On the Day of Judoment'lThe word Grave and On the Dav Judgment': The word "principles" has been replaced with the word "principles" has been replaced with the word "foundations", "foundations" along with corrections of other minor I along with conections other minor grammatical grammatical and typographical errors that occurred and typographical errors that occurred in the first edition. These changes were made in the first edition. These changes were made accordingto recommendations given to the author according to recommendations given to the author from reliable source:vr,ethankthem. from a reliable source: we thank them. To familiarize readerswith lslamicterminology, To familiarize the readers with Islamic terminology, the phrases used in this text are Arabic terms or phrases used in this text are Arabic terms note,in parenthesis, on followed by an explanatory note, in parenthesis, on followedby an explanatory the first occurrence. glossary is providedat the the first occurrence. A glossary is provided at the the book for the readers'convenience end of the book for the readers' convenience and end and reference. reference. The Qur'anic verses are taken from the The Our'anic verses are taken from the interpretation the "Meanings the NobleQur'an" of of interpretation of the "Meanings of the Noble Our'an" T. by Dr. Muhammad Al-Hilali and Dr. Muhammad by Dr. Muhammad T. AI-Hilali and Dr. Muhammad M. Khan (1993). The Ahdeeth (statements M. Khan (1993). The Ahdeeth (statements of Prophet Muhamma~, his sayings, deeds and Prophet Muhammad#, his sayings, deeds and are taken from varietyof translations approvals) are taken from a variety of translations approvals) with somemodifi cations. with some modifications. hope you will find this book beneficial. May Allah I hope you will find this book beneficial. May Allah assist us in learningour Deen (religion)and in assist us in learning our Deen (religion) and in practicing whatwe learn.Ameen (amen). practicing what we learn. Ameen (amen).
  5. 5. In the Name of Allah, ln Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Gracious, Most Merciful Most Merciful Certainlythanks are due to Allah. We thank Him, Certainly thanks are due to Allah. We thank Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. seek seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. We seek We His refugefrom the evils ourselvesand from our His refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our bad deeds.He whom Allahguides,no one can lead bad deeds. He whom Allah guides, no one can lead astray; he whom Allah lets go astray,no one can astray; he whom Allah lets go astray, no one can guide (to the right path). bearwitnessthat there is guide (to the right path). I bear witness that there is no god other than Alla[ alone with no associates. no god other than Allah alone with no associates. And And I bear witness that Muhammact3 I is the bear witness that Muhammadf is the servant and Messenger Allah may peace and servant and Messenger of Allah- may peace and blessings Allah be upon him, his famly and his blessings of Allah be upon him, his famly and his companions. companions. Following is what have written about the Following is what I have written about the foundations that man will be asked about both in foundations that man will be asked about both in his graveand on the Day of Judgment. supplicate his grave and on the Day of Judgment. I supplicate to Allahto makeit beneficial. to Allah to make it beneficial. 1 ~ It means''sallaAllahu alaihi was-salam May Allah exalt his mention and I ffi r"un, salla Allahu alaihiwassalam: May AIlah exalthis mentionand render him safe from every imperfection and protect him from every eVIl rencierhim safefrom every imperf'ection and protecthim fiom every evrl. 2
  6. 6. Introduction Introduction lssues That MustBe Known Issues That Must Be Known Before we talk about the foundationswhich man Before we talk about the foundations which man will be asked about in the grave and on the Day will be asked about in the grave and on the Day of Judgment,there are issues which ereryone must Judgment, there are issues which e-.eryone must know. They are: know. They are: A. Knowledge This relatesto the knowledge lslam,which leads This relates to the knowledge of Islam, which leads to the attainment goals. Specifically,it is what to the attainment of goals. Specifically, it is what has come ffom Allah through the saying has come from Allah through the saying of His His Messengers. Allah, the Almighty says in the Messengers. Allah, the Almighty says in the Qufan Qur'arr. "So know (O Muhammad) "50 know (0 Muhammad) that there is no thercis no true god worthy worchip except Allah true god worthy of worship except Allah aslr your sin.' and ask forgiveness for your sin." (Qu/an,47:19) (Qur'an, 47:19) This issue of knowledge can be realized by This issue knowledge can be realized by learning. Those who learned it became learned learning. Those who learned became learned individuals, and it is through learning that they individuals, and it is through learning that they became the heirs of the Prophets. The Prophets became the heirs the Prophets. The Prophets did not bequeath treasuries, but instead they did not bequeath treasuries, but instead they bequeathedknowledge. Those who can earn it, bequeathed knowledge. Those who can earn it, gaina greatwealth. gain great wealth. 3
  7. 7. Prophet Muhammad6 said: "He who goes on Prophet MuhammadlA said: "He who goes on a path in the pursuit knowledge,Allah makes the path in the pursuit of knowledge. Allah makes the way to Heaven easy for him". (Sahih Al Bukhari 243) way to Heaveneasy him". lsaninAI Bukhari 243) Allah the Exaltedhas said: Aflahthe Exalted has said: It is only those who have knowledge only fhose have Allah. among His slaves who fear Allah. (Qufan 33:28) (Qur'an 33:28) grasp ...but none will grasp their meaning ...but none except those who have knowledge. except fhose knowledge. (Qufan 29:43) (Qur'an 29:43) And say, we hut listened And they will say, Had we but listened intelligence, we or used our intelligence, we would not used the dwellers have been among the dwellers of the have been the (Qur'an 67:10) blazing fire." (Qur'an 67:10) blazing Say: Are those who know equal to Say: fhose who equal not?" (Qur'an 39:9) those who know not?" (Qur'an 39:9) those who said: "lf Allah wants to do Prophet Muhamma~ said: "If Allah wants to do ProphetJvluhsrnrngcl*t good to person, He makeshim comprehend good to a person, He makes him comprehend the the (Sahih Bukhari Al 1/25) religion". (Sahih AI Bukhari 1/25) religion". Abu Thar (radhi anh-mayAllahbe pleased with Abu Thar (radhi Allahu anh- may Allah be pleased with Allahu "lf you put the sword on this (pointing to him) said: "If you hrm)said: put the sword on this (pointing to his back)and thoughtof acting upon word that his back) and I thought of acting upon a word that I learned from the Prophet before you kill me, learned from the Prophet before you kill me, I woulddo it".(Sahih Bukhari would do it". (Sahih AI Bukhari 1/25) Al 1/25) 4
  8. 8. Another Hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurairah ("adhi Another Hadeeth narrated by Abu Hurairah fradhi Allah'anh)said: heard Prophe@ saying "This life Allah 'anh} said: I heard Propheti3 saying "This life is cursed,and everythingin it is cursedexcept (the is cursed, and everything in it is cursed except (the following)the remembrance Allah, whatever is following) the remembrance of Allah, whatever is close to Allah, the knowledgeable,and the close to Allah, the knowledgeable, and the (lbn knowledge+eeker." Majah211377 H4112). knowledge-seeker." (Ibn Majah 2/1377 H4112). B. Action and Deeds B. Action and Deeds After knowingthe importance knowledgeand the of After knowing the importance of knowledge and the obligation seekingit, it is also necessary knowto obligation of seeking it, it is also necessary to know that the sole purposeof knowledge to apply it in is that the sale purpose of knowledge is to apply it in actions and deeds. Any knowledgethat is not actions and deeds. Any knowledge that is not appliedwill have adverseconsequences those on applied will have adverse consequences on those who haveit. In this regard, Allahthe Almighty says: who have it. In this regard, Allah the Almighty says: o you who believe! Why do you say that O believe! Most hateful which you do not do? Most hateful it is the sight that what in the sight of Allah that you say what do." (Qur'an61:2-3) you do not do. " (Our'an 61 :2-3) In addition, Prophet Muhamma~ has emphasized In addition, ProphetMuhamma# has emphasized the importance practicingknowledgewhen he the importance of practicing knowledge when he said, as Abu Hurairah (adhi Allahu'anh)narrated, said, as Abu Hurairah (radhi Allahu 'anh) narrated, "One of the supplications ProphetMuhamma@ of "One of the supplications of Prophet MuhammacJ3 is 'O Allah, seek your refugefrom knowledge is '0 Allah, I seek your refuge from a knowledge from supplbation is not that that does not benefit, from a supplcation that is not that does not benefit, frorn heart that is not humble, and answered, from a heart that is not humble, and answered, from the soul that is never satisfied'." (lbn Majah from the soul that is never satisfied'." (Ibn Majah 1t92 H250) 1/92 H250) 6
  9. 9. Also Abu Hurairah (radhiAilahu 'anh) said: "The Also Abu Hurairah (radhi Allahu 'anh) said: 'The Prophet$ used to say, 'O Allah, benefitme with Prophet~ used to say, '0 Allah, benefit me with which you have taught me and teach me what will which you have taught me and teach me what will benefit and increase knowledge'." me my benefit me and increase my knowledge'." (lbnMajah1192H251 (Ibn Majah 1/92 H 251) In another Hadeeth by Abu Hurairah (radhiAttahu In another Hadeeth by Abu Hurairah (radhi Allahu 'anh) that Prophet Muhamma@ said: "The 'anh) that Prophet Muhamma~ said: 'The example of knowledge that does not benefit example of knowledge that does not benefit (anyone)is like that of treasurethat is not spent (anyone) is like that of a treasure that is not spent in the path Allah."(Al-lmamAhmad 21499). in the path of Allah." (AI-Imam Ahmad 2/499). Suffoanlbn Oyainahnarrated Hadeethof Prophet Suffyan Ibn Oyainah narrated a Hadeethof Prophet Muhammad~ saying: "The most ignorant of people Muhammadbsaying:"The most ignorant people of is the one who leaveswhat he knows,and the most is the one who leaves what he knows, and the most knowledgeable people is the one who applies of knowledgeable of people is the one who applies what he knows,and the best of peopleis he one what he knows, and the best of people is he one who is mosthumbleto Allah." who is most humble to Allah." (Addaramil/82 H337 (Addarami1/82 H337) C. Propagation Daawah (calling people to C. Propagation or Daawah (calling people to lslam): Part of utilizing knowledge (mentioned Islam): Part of utilizing knowledge (mentioned above) is calling people to Allah. Every body of above) is calling people to Allah. Every body of knowledge in needfor someone call peopleto is to knowledge is in need for someone to call people to it and explain it to them (in order for it to be it and explain it to them (in order for it to be beneficial).Daawah is the responsibility theof beneficial). Oaawah is the responsibility of the Muslimnation, and it has qreatreward.Allahthe Muslim nation, and it has a great reward. Allah the Exalted says: Exalted says: o Messenger (Muhammad)! Proclaim O Messenger (Muhammad)! Proclaim which has been sent down to which has been sent down to you 7
  10. 10. your Lord. And if not, from your Lord. And if you do not, not then you have not conveyed His then His Message. (Qufan 5:67) Message. (Qur'an 5:67) And better in speech than he And who is better in speech than he invites Allah, does righteous who invites to Allah, does righteous deeds and say am one deeds and say I am one of the Mus- the Mus (Qu/an 41:33) lims. (Qur'an 41:33) fims. D. Patience D. Patience After having understood the above mentioned After having understood the above mentioned issues, you have to bear in mid that seeking issues, you have to bear in mird that seeking knowledge, acting according to it, and calling knowledge, acting according to it, and calling peopleto Allah requirepatience.Thereisplentyof people to Allah require patience. Thereis plenty of evidencethat shows the virtue of patienceand evidence that shows the virtue of patience and encourages practice. its Allahthe Almighty says: encourages its practice. Allah the Almighty says: o you who believe, endure and be more O who believe,endure patient." (Qufan 3:200) patient." (Qur'an 3:200) patience prayer. Seek help in patience and prayer. Truly Seek help Allah with the patient." (Qur'an2153) Allah is with the patient. " (Qur'an 2: 153) Only those who are patient shall receive Only those who are patient shall receive rewards without reckoning. their rewards in full without reckoning. (Qur'an 39:10) (Qur'an 39:10) The Prophet# said,"Patience illuminatbn." . The Prophet~ said, "Patience is illuminatbn." is (SahihMuslim1l2A3 223. (Sahih Muslim 1/203 H 223). 8
  11. 11. All that was mentionedabove are summedup in All that was mentioned above are summed-up in SuratAl-Asr. Allah Exalted said; Surat AI-Asr. Allahthe Exaltedsaid; By 'Al Asr' By 'AI Asr' (the Time). Verily/ Man is in Time).Verilyl loss. Except those who believe and do believe righteous deeds, and recommend one righteous deeds, recommend another to the truth, and recommend another truh, recommend one another to patience. " another patience," (Qufan103:1- 3) (Our'an 103:1- 3) fn this Surah(chapter the Qufan) our Creatop-- In this Surah (chapter of the Our'an) our Creator---- the Exalted and the Mighty, makes clear to us that the Exaltedand the Mighty,rnakesclear that all mankind are losers except those all mankind are losers except those who have four who have four characteristics: characteristics: 1 The belief that Allah the Almightyis the only 1.. The belief that Allah the Almighty is the only Rabb (Lord - see glossary for further Rabb (Lord - see glossary for further explanation) mankindand that only He and explanation) of mankind and that only He and of no other deserves worship. no otherdeserves worship. This belief must be based on knowledge, 2. This belief must be based on knowledge, followed by good deeds that are based on followed by good deeds that are based on evidencesfrom Shan'ah(laws of lshm), which evidences from Shari'ah (laws of Isam), which was revealedby Allahto peoplethrough of one was revealed by Allah to people through one of the seal of His Prophets, His Messengers- the seal of His Prophets, His Messengers- Muhammad~. MuhammadB*. The call to this beliefand the encouragement of 3. The call to this belief and the encouragement of good deeds, with understanding and wisdom good deeds, with understanding and wisdom which are part of guiding people to it and which are part of guiding people to it and one'sselfto righteousness. committing one's self to righteousness. committing 9
  12. 12. 4 Patience dealing in with allthesematters. 4.. Patience in dealing with all these matters. THE FOUNDATIONS WHICHMAN WILL BE THE FOUNDATIONS WHICH MAN WILL BE ASKEDABOUTIN THE GRAVE ASKED ABOUT IN THE GRAVE In order to escape the eminent loss and to earn In order to escape the eminent loss and to earn eternal joy, we must know what we will be asked eternal joy. we must know what we will be asked about after we depafi from this world and move to about after we depart from this world and move to our final destiny. We are goingto be asked about our final destiny. We are going to be asked about three matters: three matters: 1 The question concerning Rabh who is the 1. . The question concerning RabtJ who is the Worshipped the True. and Worshipped and the True. 2 The questionabout Deen, which is the belief 2. . The question about Deen, which is the belief that is practiced this life. in that is practiced in this life. 3 The questionconcerningthe Prophetwho was 3.. The question concerning the Prophet who was sent and whetherwe have answered call to his sent and whether we have answered his call to lslam not. Islam or not. The condition the Mu'min(believer)and the Kafir The condition of the Mu'min (believer) and the Kafir (non-believer) deathand in the grave: at (non-believer) at death and in the grave: lt was relatedin the Hadeeththat Prophet said the It was related in the Hadeeth that the Prophet said that man is attestedin his grave. Man is asked: that man is attested in his grave. Man is asked: "Who is your Rabb? What is your Deen? and "Who is your Rabb? What is your Deen? and Wlro is your Prophet?"One indicator this is the Who is your Prophet?" One indicator of this is the saying of the Prophe~ which was narrated by AI sayingof the Prophet# which was narrated Al by Barra'lbnu Azib (radhi Barra' Ibnu Azib (radhi Allahu 'anh). Allahu'anh). l0 10
  13. 13. 'We He said, went out with tre Prophets He said, "We went out with the Prophetli!!. accompanying the corpse of one of the Ansar accompanying the corpse of one of the Ansar (people Medinawho helpedthe Prophet)until we (people of Medina who helped the Prophet) until we reachedthe grave in which the niche was not yet reached the grave in which the niche was not yet carved. Then the Prophe~ sat down facing the carved. Then the Prophet# sat down facing the Quiblah (directiontowards the Ka'bahin Makkah) Quiblah (direction towards the Ka'bah in Makkah) so we sat down around him and it was as there so we sat down around him and it was as if there were birds above our heads. The Prophe~ had a were birds above our heads. The Prophet6 had stick in his hand, tapped it on the ground; kept stick in his hand, tapped it on the ground; kept lookingat the sky and then on the ground,looked looking at the sky and then on the ground, looked up and down three times. Then he said twice or up and down three times. Then he said twice or three times, 'l seek Allah's refuge from the torture three times, 'I seek Allah's refuge from the torture of the grave.' of the grave.' He furthersaid three times,"Oh Allah, seek your He further said three times, "Oh Allah, I seek your refugefrom the tortureof the grave.' Then he said: refuge from the torture of the grave.' Then he said: 'When the Mu'min is in the state of leavingthis life 'When the Mu'min is in the state of leaving this life and approachingthe hereafter,there will &scend and approaching the hereafter, there will cescend to him Angelsfrom the skieswith whitefaces,their to him Angels from the skies with white faces, their faces are like the sun, and they have garment faces are like the sun, and they have a garment from the garments Heavenand perfumefrom the from the garments of Heaven and perfume from the perfume Heaven until they sit from him perfume of Heaven until they sit from him a distance far as the eye can see. Thenthe Angel distance as far as the eye can see. Then the Angel as Death (radhiAllahu anhJ will come and sit by his of Death (radhi A/lahu anh) will come and sit by his 'O head (of the deceased), and say: the good soul head (of the deceased), and say: '0 the good soul (and in anothernarration 'O satisfied soul') come (and in another narration '0 satisfiedsoul') come and pardon from Allah.' The out to forgiveness and pardon from Allah.' The out to forgiveness Prophet# said: 'The soul will come out as Prophetli!!. said: 'The soul will come out as as dropthat comesfrom the mouthof smoothly as a drop that comes from the mouth of a smoothly waterskin,and the Angelwilltake it'." water skin, and the Angel will take if," ,, J'
  14. 14. 'And Another narrationsays: Another narration says: 'And when his soul come when his soul come out, every Angel between the skies and earth as out, every Angel between the skies and earth as well as every Angel in the skies will pray for him well as every Angel in the skies will pray for him and the gatesof the skieswil openfor him. There and the gates of the skies wit open for him. There are no Angelsof any gate but invokeAllah that He are no Angels of any gate but invoke Allah that He will bring his soul through their gate. When the will bring his soul through their gate. When the Angel of Deathtakesthe soul,Angelswill not leave Angel of Death takes the soul, Angels will not leave it in his hand,they will take it and put it in wrap it in his hand, they will take it and put it in a wrap and perfumeit.' and perfume it.' That is what Allah the Almighty refers to in the That is what Allah the Almighty refers to in the verse: verse: Messengers (Angels Death Our Messengers (Angels of Death and assisfants) take his soul his assistants) take his soul and they duty." (Qur'an6'.61) never neglect their duty. 11 (Qur'an 6:61) Fromthe soul will come out smellthat is as good From the soul will come out a smell that is as good as the best musk found on the face of the earth. as the best musk found on the face of the earth. Angels will rise with the soul and every time they Angels will rise with the soul and every time they 'Who is come to group of Angels,who will ask, come to a group of Angels, who will ask, 'Who is 'Thisis so and this good soul?'The Angelswill say: this good soul?' The Angels will say: 'This is so and so, son of soand-so',callinghim with the best of so, son of so-and-so', calling him with the best of names peopleused to call him in his life. When the names people used to call him in his life. When the Angels reach the first level of the heavens, they will Angelsreachthe first levelof the heavens, they will ask for permission bringhis soul in and it will be ask for permission to bring his soul in and it will be to opened. He will be escorted from one of the opened. He will be escorted from one of the heavensto the next by each heavens'Angels, heavens to the next by each heavens' Angels, untiluntil he reachesthe seventh heaven.Then Allah the he reaches the seventh heaven. Then Allah the Exalted say, 'Record book of My worshipper will Exalted will say, 'Record the book of My worshipper the l2 12
  15. 15. in illiyyeen(The registerin which good deeds are to iIliween (The register which good deeds be written)'." written)' .n And what will make you know what And you know illiyyun is? A register inscribed to illiyyun is? register inscribed which bear witness those nearest (to nearest Allah, i,e., Angels)." (Qur'an83: 19-22) i,e., Angels)." (Qur'an 83:1*22) Then a book will be registered for him in illiyyeat. Then book will be registered him in illiyyem. Allah will order the Angels to return him back to Allah will order the Angels to return him back earth, saying: 'Retum him back to earth. earth, saying: 'Return him back to earth. I had had promised them (mankind)that from earth have promised them (mankind) that from earth I have will returnthem, and from it created them, in it I will return them, and from it I createdthem, in will bring them out once again.' So the deceased will bring them out once again.' So the deceased will be broughtto earth and his soul will be returned will be brought to earth and his soul will be returned to his body. He can hear the footsteps of the to his body. He can hear the footsteps the peopte his grave as they gq leavinghim behind. people at his grave as they gO leaving him behind. Two Angels will come to him, sit him up and ask Two Angels will come to him, sit him up and ask 'Wtro is you Rabb?' The deceased will him: 'Who is you Rabb?' Tt-e deceased will him: answer,'Allahis my Rabb.'They will questionhim: answer, 'Allah is my Rabb.' They will question him: 'Mat is your Deen?' He will reply: 'lslam is my 'What is your Deen?' He will reply: 'Islam is my 'ly'howas that man Deen.' Then they will ask him: 'Who was that man Deen.'Then they will ask him: sent to you?' Then he will say:'He is the that was sent to you?' Then he will say: 'He is the that was 'What Messenger Allah.'Then,they will ask him: Messenger of Allah.' Then, they will ask him: 'What of 'l have readAllah's 'He will reply: 'I have read Allah's are your deeds?' are your deeds?' 'He willreply: book, believed in it, and knew that it is the truth. book, believed in it, and knew that it is the truth. 'They 'Who is yourRabb?What will questionhim: 'They will question him: 'Who is your Rabb? What is your Deen? And Nho is your Prophet?' is your Deen? And Who is your Proptet?' This is This is preserted the last trial that a believer will be pres81ted with. the last trial that a believer will be with. Allah the Almighty says: Allahthe Almighty says: ll
  16. 16. Allah keep believe, Allah will keep firm those who believe, with the word that stands firm in this word stands (Qu/an 14:27) world." (Qur'an 14:27) Then the deceased answer,'My Rabbis Allah, will Then the deceased will answer, 'My Rabb is Allah, my Deen is Islam and Muhamma~ is my my Deen is lslam and Muhammad# is my Prophet.' this moment, call will comefromthe At Prophet.' At this moment, a call will comefrom the heavenssaying:'My worshipperhas said the truth, heavens saying: 'My worshipper has said the truth, therefore,furnish him beddingfrom Jannah dress therefore, furnish him bedding from Jannah, dress him from the garmentsof Jannah and open gate him from the garments of Jannah and open a gate for him lo Jannah.' Tfen an aroma from Jannah for him to Jannah.' Tt-en an aroma from Jannah, its perfume, will come to him and he will be its perfume, will come to him and he will be provided with gravethat is as spaciousas far as provided with a grave that is as spacious as far as his eyes can see. man with handsomeface, his eyes can see. A man with a handsome face, beautiful clothing and goodfragrance come to beautiful clothing and a good fragrance will come to will 'l him and say: have glad tidings which will make him and say: 'I have glad tidings which will make you happy. Be joyful becauseof the pleasure you happy. Be joyful because of the pleasure of Allah and Jannahwith eternaldelight. This is the Allah and Jannah with eternal delight. This is the 'And day that you were promised.' So he will say: day that you were promised.' So he will say: 'And what about you, who are you? Your face brings what about you, who are you? Your face brings 'l good (news).' The man will say to him: am your good (news).' The man will say to him: 'I am your good deeds. By Allah, know you for nothingbut good deeds. By Allah, I know you for nothing but being quick in the obedience Allah and slow in of being quick in the obedience of Allah and slow in disobedience Allah, so may Allah reward you disobedience of Allah, so may Allah reward you of well.' Then door from Heavenand door from well.' Then a door from Heaven and a door from Hell will be openedfor him. And he will be told: Hell will be opened for him. And he will be told: 'This is your place (Hell), should you have 'This is your place (Hell), should you have disobeyedAllah. Allah has substituted for you it disobeyed Allah. Allah has substituted it for you with this one (Heaven).' when he seesJannah with this one (Heaven).' So when he sees Jannah So he will say: 'O my Rabb, hurry the DaY of he will say: '0 my Rabb, hurry the Day of t4 14
  17. 17. Judgment,so I can go back to my family and my Judgment, so can go back to my family and my 'Rest in Peace.' possessions.'Then hewill be told, 'Rest in Peace.' possessions.' Then he will be told, As for the Kafir,when he is in the state of leaving the Kafir, when state leaving this life and approaching the Hereafter, tough, this life approaching Hereafter, tough, fierce and black-facedAngels will descend on him fierce and black-faced Angels will descend him from the skies, carrying with them the Masuh from skies, carrying with them Masuh (garment)from hell. Ttey will sit as far away from (garment) from hell. They will sit away from him as his sight can reach. Then the Angel of him sight can reach. Then Angel Death will come and his head and will say; a Death will come and sit by his head and will say; O you bad soul, come out to the Anger and Wrath of you bad soul, come out the Anger and Wrath Allah. Then his soul will scatter all over his body Allah. Then his soul will scatter all over his body and the Angel will take it out as he would pluck and the Angel will take it out as he would pluck a burr with plenty of thorns from wet wool. So the bun with plenty thorns from wet wool. So the soul will tear with it the veins and the nerves. soul will tear with it the veins and the nerves. EveryAngel betweenthe skies and earth will curse Every Angel between the skies and earth will curse him, as well as everyAngel in the skies. The gate him, as well as every Angel in the skies. The gate of the skieswill be closed. All Angels each gate of the skies will be closed. All Angels of each gate will supplicateto Allah that this soul will not come will supplicate to Allah that this soul will not come throughtheir gate. The Angel of Deathwill take it through their gate. The Angel of Death will take it (the soul) and when he takes it, the other Angels (the soul) and when he takes it, the other Angels will not leave it in his hand not a blink of an eye will not leave it in his hand not a blink of an eye before they wrap it in that Masuh. An odor as before they wrap it in that Masuh. An odor as honid as the stenchcomingfrom the worst carcass horrid as the stench coming from the worst carcass found on earth will come out of that soul. The found on earth will come out of that soul. The Angelswill ascendwith it and every time they pass Angels will ascend with it and every time they pass 'What is by a group of Angels,the latterwill say: by a group of Angels, the latter will say: 'What is Angelswill answer: this bad soul?' The ascending Angels will answer: this bad soul?' The ascending 'This is seand-sothe son of soand-so',callinghim 'This is s.crand-so the son of so-and-so', calling him the worst names he was called by during his the worst names he was called by during his l5 15
  18. 18. lifetime. They will continue until they reach the lifetime. They will continue until they reach the closestskies. They will ask for permission him closest skies. They will ask for permission for him for to enter but the gate will not be opened 6r him. to enter but the gate will not be opened Dr him. Then at this point, Prophet Muhamma~ recited Then at this point, Prophet Muhammad# recited the verse: the verse: The gates of Heaven not opened The gates of Heaven will not be opened them not enter Paradise for them and they will not enter Paradise until the camel enters through the eye of until enters through of a needle. (Qur'an 7:60) needle.(Qufan 7:60) Allah the Almighg will say, 'registerhis book in Allah the Almighty will say, 'register his book in (the Sr11in book bad deeds) at the lowest earth.' Sijjin (the book of bad deeds) at the lowest earth.' And He will say, 'return my slave to the earth for And He will say, 'return my slave to the earth for I have promisedthem that from earth have created have promised them that from earth I have created them, in it will returnthem and from it will bring them, in it I will return them and from it will bring them out once again.'The soul (of the deceased) them out once again.' The soul (of the deceased) will be droppedfrom the heaversuntil it goes to its will be dropped from the heavers until it goes to its body. The Prophe~ recited the Qur'an. body.The Prophet# recitedthe Qur'an. assrgns partners Whoever assigns partners with Allah, it Allah, if had fallen is as if he had fallen from the sky, and the sky, the birds snatched the birds had snatched him or the wind, the wind, far off place. and thrown him to a far off place. (Qufan 22:31) (Qur'an 22:31) Then his soulwill be returned Then his soul will be returned back to his body. lle backto his body.?re narratorsaid, 'Certainty wlll hear the footsteps he narrator said, 'Certainty he will hear the footsteps of the people at his grave when they walk away, the people at his grave when they walk away, leavinghim behind.Two Angels who have terrible leaving him behind. Two Angels who have terrible voiceswill sit him up and interrogate voices will sit him up and interrogate him: Who is him: Who is 166 1
  19. 19. your Rabb?' He will answer, 'Huh, Huh I don't your Rabb?' will answer, 'Huh, Huh- don't know.' Then they will question him: 'What is your know.' Then they will questionhim: 'What is your Deen?'He will reply,"Huh, Huh- I don't know.'The Deen?' will reply, "Huh, Huh- don't know.' Angels will ask him, 'What Angelswill ask him, 'What do you say of this man you say this man who was sent to you?' And he will not remember sent you?' And will not remember his name. And the Angels will say, 'Muhammad.S his name.And the Angelswill say, 'Muhammad.~ will answer, 'Huh, Huh- I don't know. I've heard He will answer,'Huh, Huh-| don't know.I've heard 'You didn't peoplesayingthat'.They will say to him, 'You didn't people saying that'. They will say him, know and you did not recite'. A call from the know and you did not recite'. call from the Heavens will say. 'He has lied. Providehim with Heavens will say. 'He has lied. Provide him with furnishings from Hell and open a gate for him to furnishings from Hell and open gate for him Hell.' lts heat and scorchingwind will come upon Hell.' Its heat and scorching wind will come upon him and his gravewill constrict him until his bones him and his grave will constrict him until his bones overlap. A man with an ugly face, ugly clothing and overlap. man with an ugly face, ugly clothing and 'Bad tidings nasty smell will come to him and say, 'Bad tidings smell will come to him and say, nasty are upon you that will make you miserable. are upon you that will make you miserable. This is This is you were promised'.The deceasedwill the day that you were promised'. The deceased will the day that 'And you! May Allah bring you bad tidings. say, 'And you! May Allah bring you bad tidings. say, Mto are you? Your face bringsevil.'The man will Who are you? Your face brings evil.' The man will 'l say, am your bad deeds.By Altah, have never say, 'I am your bad deeds. By Allah, I have never knownyou but beingslow in the obedience Allah known you but being slow in the obedience of Allah of and quick in the disobedience Allah, of and quick in the disobedience of Allah, so Allah has so Allah has your evil.' Then a blind, deaf and compensated your evil.' Then a blind, deaf and compensated mute man with a sledgehammerin his handwill be mute man with a sledge hammer in his hand will be designated him. lf he is to strike a mountain designated for him. If he is to strike a mountain for will turn into dust' with the hammer, the mountain will turn into dust. with the hammer,the mountain This man will strikehim with it once,and he will turn This man will strike him with it once, and he will turn into dust. Then Allah will returnhim to his former into dust. Then Allah will return him to his former state. The man will strike him again,this time he state. The man will strike him again, this time he (thedeceased) give a ioudscrem whichwill be (the deceased) will give a loud scream which will be will 177 1
  20. 20. heard by everythingexcept AththagataLn heard by everything except Aththaga/ain (mankind (mankind and the Jinn). (Abu DawoodttZB2) and the Jinn)". (Abu Dawood 1/282) ln this and other similar Hadeeththere is clear In this and other similar Hadeeth, there is clear evidencethat man is asked aboutthe foundations evidence that man is asked about the foundations of Tawheed(monotheism). will be asked,,,Who of Tawheed (monotheism). He will be asked, "Who He is your Rabb? What is your Deerl? Who is your is your Rabb? What is your Deerf? Who is your Prophet?".The Muslim will answer:"My Rabb is Prophet?". The Muslim will answer: "My Rabb is Allah, fslam is my Deen, and Muhammad#is my Allah, Islam is my Deen, and Muhamma~ is my Prophet. And this is the meaningof what Allah the Prophet. And this is the meaning of what Allah the Almighty said in the verse: Almighty said in the verse: Allah keep those Allah will keep firm those who believe, betieve, the with the word that stands firm in this stands this the Hereafter. (Qur"an world and the Hereafter. (Qur'an 14:27) 14:27) Therefore, Muslimwhether male or female, must Therefore, a Muslim whether male or female, must knowthe following threefoundations. know the following three foundations. The First Foundation The FirstFoundation Man must knowthat Allah is hisRabb who created Man must know that Allah is his Rabb who created him, providedfor him and bestowedplentyof His him, provided for him and bestowed plenty His bountieson him. And that Allahdid not createman bounties on him. And that Allah did not create man without a purposeand did not leave him without without purpose and did not leave him without guidance,but He sent a Messenger guidance, but He sent Messenger who recitedto who recited him the versesof Allah to show him the right path. him the verses Allah to show him the right path. The Messengeralso explainedb him that Allah The Messenger also explained him that Allah created man to worship Him alone. Allah the created man worship Him alone. Allah the Almightysays in Qur'an51 :56: Almighty says in Qur'an 51:56: l18 8
  21. 21. And II created not the Jinns and Men And not Jinns and Men exceptthey should worshiP Me. except they should worship Me. And verily, We have sent among every And have sent among every Ummah (communitY, nation) a Mes IJmmah (community, nation) a Mes- senger (proclaiming): Worship Allah Allah and avoid Taghout.(Quran 16:36) Taghout. (Quran 16:36) Upon knowingthat Allah has createdyou for His Upon knowing that Allah has created you His worship, you must bear in mind that He will not worship, you must bear in mind that He will not accept that you worship other than Him; neither accept that you worship other than Him; neither would He accept to be worshipped along with would accept worshipped along with others. In this regard, others. Allah the Exalted says: In this regard, Allahthe Exalted says: partners Verily Allah forgives not that partners not should be set up with Him in worship. should sef But He forgives except that to whom But He excePt He pleases. (Qur'an 4:48) He pleases.(Qur'an 4:48) And the mosques are for Allah, so the mosques are Allah, invoke not anyone along with Allah invoke not anyone along with Allah (Qur'an 72:18) (Qu/an72:18) It is well known that Allah likes believingwor It is well known that Allah likes believing WOF shippersand not the Kafireen.Therefore,a Muslim shippers and not the Kafireen. Therefore, a Muslim must likewhatAllahloves,rejectwhatAllahdislikes must like what Allah loves, reject what Allah dislikes and hold animosity Kuffarfor what they harborin and hold animosity to Kuffar for what they harbor in to their hearts. Hence, there are three issues one their hearts. Hence, there are three issues one must know: must know: peoplefor His worship; 1. That Allah had created people for His worship; 1. That Allah had created He did not createthem for nothingand did not He did not create them for nothing and did not l9 19
  22. 22. leave them aimless but He sent them a leave them aimless but He sent them Messenger. Whoeverobeys the Messenger will Messenger. Whoever obeys the Messenger will enter Jannah and whoever disobeys him will enter Jannah and whoever disobeys him will enter Hell. Allah orderedHis Messenger to call enter Hell.Allah ordered His Messenger call to peopleto worship Allah alone and to avoid the people to worshipAllah alone and to avoid the worshipof Taghout. worship Taghout. Taghoutis anythingor anybodythat is worshipped Taghout is anything or anybody that is worshipped or followedbeyondthe boundaries worshipping of or followed beyond the boundaries of worshipping the realand onlyAllah. the real and only Allah. The five most evil all Taghoutare', The five most evil of all Taghout are; a) /b/ees (the devil, Satan) who has been a) Iblees (the devil, Satan) who has been condemned by Allah and cut off from His condemned by Allah and cut off from His mercy. mercy. b) Anyonewho is pleased whilebeingworshipped. b) Anyone who is pleased while being worshipped. c) Anyonewho givesjudgmentaccording rules to c) Anyone who gives judgment according to rules otherthan that revealedby Allah. other than that revealed by Allah. d) Anyonewho callspeople worship him. d) Anyone who calls people to worship him. to e) Anyone who claims to know somethingof the e) Anyone who claims to know something of the unseen. unseen. 2. Allah does not acceptanyonejoininganything 2. Allah does not accept anyone joining anything or or with Him in any forrnof worshipsuch as anybody with Him in any form of worship such as anybody Salah (obligatory prayers), Siyam (fasting), Salah (obligatory prayers), Siyam (fasting), Sadaqah (charity), Ruku (bowing), Suiud Sadaqah (charity), Ruku (bowing), Sujud (prostration),fear, hope, seking help and (prostration), fear, hope, seeking help and salvation, in any matter thatonlyAllahcando. salvation, or in any matter that only Allah can do. or 200 2
  23. 23. 3. One must befriendAuliya of Allah (supporters, 3. One must befriend Auliya of Allah (supporters, helpers)of the believers,love them, be in their helpers) of the believers, love them, be in their company, ask Allah to have mercy on them, company, ask Allah to have mercy on them, supplicateto Allah for them, and ask Allah to supplicate to Allah for them, and ask Allah to forgive them, especially the family of Prophet forgive them, especially the family of Prophet Muhammadd#and all his companionsstarting Muhammad" and his companions starting from the wise successors A/ Khulafaa (the from the wise successors AI Khulafaa (the Caliphs);Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman, and Ali' Caliphs); Abu Bakr, Omar, Othman, and Ali, followedby the rest of the companionsand after followed rest companions and after them, alltheMuslims general. them, all the Muslims in general. in On the other hand, one must hold animosity On the other hand, one must hold animosity towards whoever is an enemy of Allah from towards whoever is an enemy Allah from among the Kuffarand their supporters who claim among the Kuffar and theirsupporters who claim Islam but do not follow its jurisdiction lslambut and do not do not followits jurisdiction and do not respectthose who adhere to it. However,this respect those who adhere to it. However, this does not permitus to oppress them by animosity does not permit us to oppress them by animosity wealth or slanderthem while taking over their wealth or slander them while taking over their they are not at war againstus. But insteadwe they are not at war against us. But instead we must invite them to lslam and guide them to must invite them to Islam and guide them to righteousness. must observetheirrightsand righteousness. We must observe their rights and We be sincereand honest towardthem' be sincere and honest toward them. Allah the Exalted says: Allahthe Exalted saYs: Atlah forbids you not to deal iustly and Allah forbids you not to deal justly and kindty with those who fought not against kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and drove you you on account of religion and drove you not out of your hornes. Verily Allah loves not out of your homes. Verily Allah loves fhose who deat with equity. It is only in those who deal with equity. It is only in regards to ffiose who fought agahst you regards to those who fought agahst you 21 21
  24. 24. on account of religion and have driven on account of religion and have driven you out of your homes and helped to you out of your homes and helped to drive you out; Allah forbids you to drive you out; Allah forbids you to befrtend them. And whosoever will befriend them. And whosoever wiil befriend them, then such are the befriend them, then such are the DhaIi m un (wron g-doers).(eu f an 60:&9) Dhalimun (wrong-doers). (Ouran 60:8-9) You (O Muhammad) will not find any You (0 Muhammad) will not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last people who believe in Allah and the Last Day making friendship with those who Day making friendship with those who oppose and His /tfessenger oppose Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad) even though they were (Muhammad) even they were their fathers, their sons, their fathers, or their sons, or their their brothers, kindred.'(euf an 58:22) brothers, or their kindred." (Qur'an 58:22) And if And if anyone of the Mushrikun of the (polytheists) seek your protection, see/r protection, protection then grant him protection so that he may hear the Word of Allah and then of escort him to where he can be secure, where can securg that is because they are men who because know not." (Qur'an not." (Our'an 9:6) 9:6) How CouldA Worshipper How Could Worshipper KnowHis Rabb? Know His Rabb? There are so many things in the universeand in There are many things in the universe and in oneself by which one would know his Rabb. The oneself by which one would know his Rabb. The Almightysays: Almighty says: We will show them Our srgns in the We will shaw them Our signs in universe, and in their ownselves, until it universe, and in their ownselyes, untit it 22 22
  25. 25. becomes to becom* manifest to them that this is that this is the truth. (Qu/ an 4'l :53) (Our'an41:53) The night and the day, the sun and the moon and The night and the day, the sun and the moon and the stars that are guided by His command are all the stars that are guided by command are all Signs of Allah. They provide evidence for His Signs Allah. They provide evidence His Being. The AlmightY Being. Almighty AllahsaYs: Allah says: Indeed your Lord is Allah, who created lndeed your is Allah, the Heavens and the eafth in six days Heavens and earth daYs and then He Istawa and lstawa (rose above) on the above) Throne. He covers the night with the day, Throne. night day, seeking rapidly, and (He created) the seeking (He created) sun, the moon, the sfars subjected to His moon, stars suhiected His the Creation command. Surely, His is the Creation Surely, and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, Commandmenf. B/essed the Lord of the AI-Alamin (the worlds). the Lord of Al-Alamin worlds). (Our'an 7:54) (Qu/an7:54) when the worshipper asked,Who is is Therefore, when the worshipper is asked, Who is Therefore, your Rabb? He must say, Allah is my Rabb who your Rabb? He must say, Allah is my Rabb who nurturedme and provided me, as well as for all nurtured me and provided for me, as well as for all for mankindand all creatures. He createdthem and mankind and all creatures. He created them and sustainedthem for His worship.Therefore,they sustained them for His worship. Therefore, they must submit to Him and humbly obey, with no must submit to Him and humbly obey, with no question, all that He has ordained for His question, all that He has ordained for His worshippersand asked them to do in His exalted worshippers and asked them to do in His exalted book, as well as what is in the hadeeth of His book, as well as what is in the hadeeth of His Prophetb that have beenprovenauthentic through Prophet.!Jlt, that have been proven authentic through by the Muslim scholars. Then acting examination by the Muslim scholars. Then acting examination according to their implications, whether we according to their implications, whether we 23
  26. 26. understandthe significanceof the order or not. understand the significance of the order or not. Once we know that the worship is for Allah only, Once we know that the worship is for Allah only, then none of it should be directed to other than then none of it should be directed to other than Him. . Him W|"rat /badah(Worship)? is What is Ibadah (Worship)? Worshipis an inclusive term of all acts and sayings Worship is an inclusive term of all acts and sayings that Allah likes and is pleasedwith, whetherthey that Allah likes and is pleased with, whether they are obviousor hidden.lt is implementing Atlah's are obvious or hidden. It is implementing of Allah's of order according one's own ability. lt is then the to order according to one's own ability. It is then the duty the worshipperto follow the command duty of the worshipper to follow the command of Allahand to avoidHis prohibitions. Allah and to avoid His prohibitions. Allahthe Exalted says: Allah the Exalted says: keep your Allah So keep your duty to Allah as much as can. (Qur"an 16) 64: you can. (Qur'an 64: 16) Allah burdens not a person beyond beyond scope. (Qur' 2:286) an his scope. (Qur'an 2:286) Since abstinence bears no burden of any kind, one Since abstinence bearsno burden any kind,one must avoid Allah's prohibitions. must avoid Allah's prohibitions. The last Prophet The last Prophet Muhammad# says; "Do what you can from what Muhammadi:li!. says; "Do what you can from what I ask you to do, and avoidwhat I ask you not to do." ask you to do, and avoid what ask you not to do." (Al Bukhari81143) (AI Bukhari 8/143) Thereare manykindsof worship. There are many kinds worship. Amongthem are: Among them are: a. Du'a(supplications). says: a. Ou'a (supplications). Allahsays: Allah 24
  27. 27. lnvoke your Lord with humiliU and in Invoke your Lord humility in secret. (QufanT:S5) secret (Qur'an 7:55) And invoke Him onlY making Your And invoke Him only making your religion sincere to Him."(Qur' 7'.29) religion sincere to Him."(Qur'an 7:29) an b. Khovr,f(fear) and raia (hope).Allah the exalted b. Khowf. (fear) and raja (hope). Allah the exalted says: says: So fear them not, but fear Me if you are but if (true)believers." (Qu/an3:175) (true) believers."(Qur'an 3:175) So whoever hopes for the meeting hoPes the righteous with his Lord, let him work righteous- his Lord, ness and assoclate none as a Paftner ness associate none partner in the worship of his Lord. (Qur'an the worshiP his (Qur'an 18:110) ) 1 B :1 0 (reliance Allah). Allahthe Almighty c. Attawakul (reliance in Allah). Allah the Almighty c. Affawakul in says: says: in Allah You are And put trust in Allah if you are believersindeed. (Qur'an 5:23) believers indeed. (Our'an 5:23) d. Raqhbah(hooe. Rahbah ffear, and Khushu'a d. Raghbah (hope), Rahbah (fear), and Khushu'a QU!L[!!y) Allahthe ExaltedsaYs: {humility). Allah the Exalted says: Verily, theY used to hasten on to do Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, theY used to call on us good deeds, they used to call on us with hope and fear and used to with hope and fear and used to humble themselves before us"' (Qur'an humble themselves before us. U(Our'an 21 :90) 21 90) 25 25
  28. 28. e. A/ /sfi'qhafha (invokinq Allah for salvation)and a/ e. Allstighatha (invoking Allah for salvation) and al rsfl'anah(seekinqhelofrom Allah) isti'anah (seeking help from Allah) Allah the Exaltedsays: Allah the Exalted says: You (alone) we worship and You (atone) You (alone) we worship and You (alone) we ask for help."(Qufan 1:4) we ask for help. "(Qur'an 1:4) The Prophet said,"Whenyou seek help,seek it The Prophet said, "When you seek help, seek it fromAllah"(Al lmamAhmad 11307). from Allah" (AI Imam Ahmad 1/307). f. lsti'athah (seekinq Allah's retuoe). Altah the f AI Isti'athah (seeking Allah's refuge). Allah the Almighty says: Almighty says: Say. / refuge (Allah) the Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the mankind."(Qufan1141) Lord of mankind. "(Qur'an 114:1) g. Surud (prostration), rnhrna (bendinq)and Ruku g. Sujud (prostration), inhina (bending) and Ruku (bowinq). Allahsays: (bowing). Allah says: o you who believe! Bow down ,and O believe! ,and prostrate yourselves, prostrate yourselves, and worship your Lord and do good that you may your be successf u1. (Qu an 22.77) / successful." (Qur'an 22:77) " And enter the gate in prostration. And enter gate prostration. (Qur'an2:58) (Qur'an2:58) 26
  29. 29. The scholarsin their commentaryof the Qur'an The scholars in their commentary of the Qur'an said that in this verse Sujud means bending your said that in this verseSuiudmeansbendingyour heads down. headsdown. h. Employing Allah's Shari'ah in resolving disoutes h. EmplovinqAllah's Shan'ahin resolvinqdisputes amonqpeople.Allahthe Exaltedsays: among people. Allah the Exalted says: But know, by your Lord, theY can have But by your they no faith, until theY make You until they you (Muhammad) iudge in all disPufes (Muhammad) judge disputes between them, find in themselves no befurreenthem, themselves resistance against your decisions and resistance against decisions accept with full submission. " accept submission'" (Qur'an 4:65) (Qufan 4:65) The Second Foundation: The Second Foundation: Man must know his Deen basedon knowledge Man must know his Deen based on knowledge and and on the authentic sayings and certainty built on the authentic certainty built sayings and practices of Muhammad by whom Allah has practices of Muhammad by whom Allah has concluded of His Messages. Allah the Exalted concluded all of His Messages. Allah the Exalted all has revealed the Qur'an to MUhammad~ to be has revealedthe Qur'anto Muhammad# to be studiedcarefullyand be guided by it, for it is the studied carefully and be guided by it, for it is the guidanceand the true light. lslam is the true guidance and the true light. Islam is the true religion;there is no true religionafter the message religion; there is no true religion after the message of Prophet Muhamma~, for Allah the Exalted of Prophet Muhammad#, for Allah the Exalted says: says. Whoever seeks a religion other than Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it wilt never be accepted of him, Islam, it will never be accepted of him, and in the Hereafterhe will be one of the and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers. (Qur' losers."" (Qur'an3:85). an3:85). 27 27
  30. 30. With this Deen,Allah has abrogated other religions With this Deen, Allah has abrogated other religions and acceptedlslam for his worshippers.Allah has and accepted Islam for his worshippers. Allah has taken upon Himselfthe responsibility preserving taken upon Himself the responsibility of preserving of the Qufan intact, free from any alterations or the Qur'an intact, free from any alterations or changes, He says: as changes, as He says: Verily We: lt We who have sent Verily We: It is We who have sent down the surely, We the dhikr and surely, We will guard it. it. (Qur'an15:9) (Qur'an 15:9) We have sent down And We have sent down to you (0 (O Muhammad) the (this Qur'an) Muhammad) the Book (this Qur'an) in truth, confirming the scriptures truth, confirming the scriptures that Mohayminan (trust came before it and Mohayminan (trus~ came before worthy in highness, and a witness) over worThy highness, a witness) scriptures).(Qur'an5 :48) it (old scriptures). (Qur'an 5 :48) pertected This day I have perfected your religion This you, completed My favor upon you, for you, completed you, and have chosen for have chosen you Islam as your Islam as religion." (Qur'an 5.3) religion." (Qur'an 5:3) And We have not sent you except as a We have sent except giver of glad tidings and a warner to all giver of mankind. (Qur'an 34:28) manki nd. (Qur'an 34:28) 28 28
  31. 31. The Deorees Deen Degrees of Deen This Deen comes in three degrees;they are lslam, This Deen comes three degrees; they are Islam, Iman (taith)and /hsan (perfection). lman (faith) and Ihsan (perfection). lslam Islam It means submissionand ridding oneself from means submission and ridding oneself from Shrk (polytheism)and it's practitioners. is belief Shirk (polytheism) and it's practitioners. lt It belief and action; believing with the heart that the and action; believing with the heart that the obedienceto Allah is obligatoryand acting with obedience Allah is obligatory and acting with Jawaih (the limbs) in accordance to Allah's Jawarih (the limbs) in accordance to Allah's Shai'ah.lslam has five pillars Shari'ah. Islam has five pillars that we must believe that we must believe in and physically practiced. These pillars in and physically practiced. Thesepillars are: are: 1. Bearing witnessthat thereis no IIah (deity) other 1. Bearing witness that there is no //ah(deity)other than Allah and that Muhamma~ is the than Attah and that Muhamma@ is the Messenger Allah. "La ilaha illa Allah"means Messenger of Allah. "La ilaha ilia Allah"means no one is worthy worship except Allah. no one is worthy of worship except Allah. The phrase la ilahadisregardall other deities The phrase la ilaha disregard all other deities that are worshippedbesides Allah, because that are worshipped besides Allah, because they are all false gods. The fact is tfat anything they are all false gods. The fact is trat anything that is worshippedother than Allah is Batil that is worshipped other than Allah is BatjJ (false). On the other hand, the phrase "illa (false). On the other hand, the phrase "ilia Allah" confirmsthat Allah is the true God who Allah" confirms that Allah is the true God who solely deserve worship.The meaning of the solely deserve worship. The meaning of the declaration that Muhamma~ is the Messenger declaration Muhamma@is the Messenger that is to obey his orders,to believewhat of Allah, is to obey his orders, to believe what of Allah, he told, to avoid what he firmly orderednot to he told, to avoid what he firmly ordered not to be done, and to worship Allah according to be done, and to worship Allah according to what he conveyed Shai'ah.Allahthe Exalted in what he conveyed in Shari'ah. Allah the Exalted says: says: 29
  32. 32. Allah bears witness that la ilaha ila Huwa (none has the Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped Hrt He), worshipped but He), and the Angels, the Angels, fhose and those having knowledge (also (also fhis give this witness); (He (He is always) maintaining His creation Justice. maintaining His creation in Justice. La ilaha illa Huwa, ilaha ilia Huwa, the Almighty, the All All Wise.(Qur'an3:18) Wise. (Qur'an3:18) Verily, there has Verily, there has come unto you a a Messenger yourselves. Messenger from amongst yourselves. grieves It grieves him that you should receive that should receive injury any injury or difficulty. He is anxious He anxious rightly guided), over you (to be rightly guided), for the believers (he is) of believers (he is) full of pity, kind and (Quran 9:1 28) merciful. (Quran 9:128) 2. 2. Performing the five daily Sa/ah Their Performing the five daily Salah Their performance meanswe must do the complete performance means we must do the complete prayers prescribed lslam. prayers as prescribed in Islam. as in 3. 3. Zakat(compulsory Zakat (compulsory alms). Allah says: alms). Allahsays: were commanded not, but And they were commanded not, but that that they should worship Allah, and should worship AIIah, worship none but Him alone, and alone, pertectly offer prayer perfectly and give Zakat: Zakat: rb fhe and that is the right religion. (Qu/an 98:5) (Qur'an 98:5) 300 3
  33. 33. 4. 4. Fasting the month Ramadhan.Allah says: Fastingthe monthof Ramadhan.Allahsays: o O you who believe! Fasting is pres believe! Fasting pree cribed for you as ft uras prescribed for you it was for those before you, that you may be hefore b& come Al4luttaqun (the pious). AI-Muttaqun pious). (Qu/an2:183) (Qur'an 2:183) The month of Ramadhan in which was The of Ramadhan revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for revealed the mankind and clear proofs for the mankind proofs So guidance and the criterion. 50 whoever the of you sights the month, he must fast of sighfs that month. (Qur'an that month. (Our'an 2:185) 2:185) 5 Al Hajj(pilgrimage). Allahthe Almighty says: 5.. AI Hajj (pilgrimage). Allah the Almighty says: And Hajj to the House is a duty that And the House a mankind owes to Allah, those who can mankind ovves fhose can (Qur'an3:97) afford the expenses. (Qur'an 3:97) the expenses. Imann lma lman is saying,doing and believing.lt increases Iman is saying, doing and believing. It increases through obedience and decreases through through obedience and decreases through disobedience. Allahthe Exalted says: disobedience. Allah the Exalted says: whenever there cofnes down a And whenever there comes down a Surah,some of them saY: Which of You 5urah, some of them say: Which of you has had his faith increased by it? As has had his faith increased bY it? 31
  34. 34. believe, it has increased for those who believe, it has increased those their faith and they rejoice." (Quran (Quran 9:124) 9:124) Prophet Muhamma~ said, "/man has more than ProphetMuhammad#said, "Iman has more than 70 branches,the summit of which is la ilaha ila 70 branches, the summit which la i1aha ita Allah, and the lowest which is removing hurtfrom Allah,and the lowestof whichis removing hurt from peoplesway, and hayaa (modesty)is one peoples way, and hayaa (modesty) is one of the the (Muslim 12157) branches of Iman". (Muslim 12/57) of branches lman". lman has six pillars. Iman has six pillars. Theyare: They are: 1 The beliefin the AlmightyAllah,that He is the 1. . The belief in the Almighty Allah, that He is the Creator all creaturesand the Rab Creator of all creatures and the Ratb of all all mankind.They have no Rabb or anyoneto be mankind. They have no Rabb or anyone to be worshipped besidesHim. worshipped besides Him. 2 The beliefin the Angelsthat Allah has created 2. . The belief in the Angels that Allah has created from light.They work in His obedience. They do from light. They work in His obedience. They do not disobey Allah, but they do what Allah not disobey Allah, but they do what Allah commands them to do. commands themto do. 3. The beliefin the booksrevealed Allahto His by 3. The belief in the books revealed by Allah to His Messengers.Among them are; the Tawrat Messengers. Among them are; the Tawrat (Torah)which was revealedto Moses and the (Torah) which was revealed to Moses and the /nJil (Gospel) which was revealed to Jesus. Injil (Gospel) which was revealed to Jesus. What is meant by beliefhere is in the originals What is meant by belief here is in the originals of these two books.Alteration, change,addition of these two books. Alteration, change, addition introduced what is to and reduction have been introduced to what is and reduction have been beingusedtoday.So the original has beencon being used today. So the original has been COR fusedwith additions reductions. fused with additions and reductions. and 32 JZ
  35. 35. Another book one must believe in is the Zaboor Another book one must believe in is Zaboor (Psalms)that Allah has revealedto Daoud (David). (Psalms) that Allah has revealed to Daoud (David). The tast of these books is the Qur'an which was last these books Qu/aq which revealed Muhamma~ and revealedto Muhammad# and has been preserved been preserved this original form. alterations or up to this day in its originalform. No alterations change have been introduced to it. lt is change have been introduced it. It Muhayminan (dominant) over all the revealed Muhayminan (dominant) over all revealed books. books. 4. The belief in the Messengers of Allah as a 4. The belief Messengers Allah whole and individrally, whole who were concluded by and individually, who were concluded by Prophet Muhamma~. The Qur'an mentions Prophet tlltrh3rnrn3clNF. Qufan mentions The twenty five them. twentyfive of them. 5. The belief in the Last Day and in everything that 5. The belief in the Last Day and in everything that His Prophethas told regardingthe Allah and His Prophet has told regarding the Allah and matters of the unknown. matters the unknown. 6. The beliefthat Al Qadr (divinepreordainment), 6. The belief that AI Qadr (divine preordainment), whether bad or good, is from the Almighty whether bad or good, is from the Almighty Allah. lt is the belief in the conprehensive Allah. It is the belief in the ccrnprehensive knowledgeof Allah,that He knows everything knowledge of Allah, that He knows everything and that what He has writtenis eminently going and that what He has written is eminently going to happen. And the belief that whatever Allah to happen.And the belief that whateverAllah willsto happen, is goingto happen, and what wills to happen, it is going to happen, and what it He wills otherwise not goingto happen.He is He wills otherwise is not going to happen. He is is the only Creatorof ail that is created. the only Creator of all that is created. The evidencefrom lhe Qur'an concerningthese The evidence from the Qur'an concerning these pillars foundin the following is verses: pillars is found in the following verses: 33 33
  36. 36. righteou* It is not AI-Birr (piety and righteous- not ness/ that you turn your faces towards ness) that you your towards the East and West; but AIEirr is the and West; but AI-Birr ffie one who believes in Allah, the Last believes Last Day, the Angels, the Book, the Day, the Angels, the Book, the Prophets.(Qufan2: 177) Prophets. (Our'an 2:177) created all Verily We have created all things with We Qadar.(Qu/an 54:49) Qadar. (Our'an 54:49) A/hoeverdenies or rejects any these pillars, Whoever denies or rejects any of these pillars, would be considered to have rejected them all. would be considered to have rejected them all. Allahthe Almighty says: Allah the Almighty says: And whosoever disbelieves Allah, And whosoever disbelieves in Allah, Hts His Angels, His Angels, His Books, Books, Hts His the Last Day, then Messengers, and the Last Day, then Messengers, has strayed indeed he has strayed far away indeed (Qur'an 4:136) (Our'an4:136) IHSAN IHSAN Al lhsan (perfection) one pillar but it has two is AI Ihsan (perfection) is one pillar but it has two one is higherthan the other.The first is to degrees, one is higher than the other. The first is to degrees, worshipAllah as if you are seeingHim, and the worship Allah as if you are seeing Him, and the second is to worshipAllah while you are certain second is to worship Allah while you are certain seesyou. that He actually sees you. that He actually The evidence from the Sunnah for the three The evidence from the Sunnah for the three degreesof Deen is found in Jibril's(alaihisalam) degrees of Deen is found in Jibril's (alaihi salam) Hadeethwhich was reiatedfrom Umar (radhiAllahu Hadeeth which was related from Umar V-adhi Allahu 'anh). He said: anh). He said: -)(+ 34
  37. 37. "Whilewe were sittingnear the Messengerof Allah "While were sitting near the Messenger Allah a man appearedwearingvery white clothesand his man appeared wearing very white clothes and his hair was black, who showed no evidenceof travel, hair was black, who showed evidence travel, and none of us knew him. He sat in front of the and none us knew him. He sat in front the Prophet, with their knees touching. He put his Prophet, with their knees touching. He put his palms on the Prophet'sthighs and he said, 'O palms on the Prophet's thighs and he said, '0 Muhammad~, tell me about Islam.' The Prophet Muhammad#, tell me about lslam.' The Prophet answered, 'lslam is to bear witness that there is answered,'Islam is to bear witnessthat there is none worthy of worship but Allah, that none worthy worship but Allah, that Muhammad~ is Messenger Allah, perform Muhammad# is a Messenger of Allah, perform Salah, give Zakat, fast (the month Ramadharll Salah, give Zakat, fast (the month of Ramadharlj and perform pilgrimageto the House you are and perform pilgrimage to the House if you are 'You have said the truth.'So able.' The man said, 'You have said the truth.' So able.' The man said, we wondered about him; he asked him we wondered about him; he asked him (Muhammad~) and confirms his answers! The (Muhammad#; and confirms his answers! The man said: 'So tell me about lman.' The Prophet man said: 'So tell me about Iman.' The Prophet responded:'To believe in Allah, His Angels, His responded: 'To believe in Allah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers,the Last Day and to Books, His Messengers, the Last Day and to good or bad.' The man believe in the Preordained, good or bad.' The man believein the Preordained, 'So tell me aboutthe Day of Judgment.' asked, 'So tell me about the Day of Judgment.' The The asked, Prophet replied: 'The questioned is no more Prophet replied: 'The questioned is no more about it than the questioner.' knowledgeable about it than the questioner.' The knowledgeable The man said, 'Tell me about its signs.' The Prophet man said, 'Tell me about its signs.' The Prophet 'The slavewomanwili give birthto her master said, 'The slave woman will give birth to her master said, and one will see the naked, bare-footed poor, who and one will see the naked, bare-footed poor, who herd the sheep, compete in constructingtall herd the sheep, compete in constructing tall Then the man left. So, waited for buildings.' Then the man left. So, I waited for a buildings.' 'lt is Jibril! while, then the Prophet said, while, then the Prophet said, 'It is Jibril! ('alaihisalam), came to you to teach you your ('alaihisalam), who came to you to teach you your who Deen'." (Sahih Deen'." (Sahih Muslim 8/36-38) Muslim 8/3638) 355 3
  38. 38. The Third Foundation The Third Foundation Man must know his ProphetMuhamma#. He is Man must know his Prophet Muhammad3. He is Muhammad bin Abdullah bin AbdulMuttatib Muhammad bin Abdullah bin AbdulMuttalib bin bin Hashim. Hashim is from the Quraish.Quraish is Hashim. Hashim is from the Quraish. Quraish is from the Arabs, and the Arabs are from the children from the Arabs, and the Arabs are from the children of Ismael ibn Ibrahim (Abraham-alaihiassalatuwasallam). Ismaef i bn I bra h i m (Abra ham-a bihi assatatuwasalam). Muhammadffi was born in Makkahduringthe Year Muhammadli!!. was born in Makkah during the Year of the Elephant(571 years after Jesus birth,alaihi of the Elephant (571 years after Jesus birth, alaihi was-salam).He was dispatched with the Message was-salam). He was dispatched with the Message at Makkah. Thirteen years later, he migratedto at Makkah. Thirteen years later, he migrated to Madinah(Hijrah) Madinah (Hijrah). The first revelation recei'red he was Qur;an96:1-5; The first revelation he recewed was Qur;an 96: 1-5; Read! ln of Read! In the name of your Lord who has created (all exisfs). Has has created (all that exists). Has created man from a clot. Read! And created clot. Read! the Most Generous. Who your Lord is the Most Generous. Who has the pen. Has has taught by the pen. Has taught man man that which not." that which he knew not. " Mth this revelationhe became Prophet,then With this revelation he became a Prophet, then Allahrevealed following the verse: Allah revealed the following verse: o you (Muhammad) enwrapped (in a O (Muhammad) enwrapped (in cloak). Arise warn. (Qur'an74:1-2) cloak). Arise and warn. (Qur'an 74: 1-2) This revelation was the beginning of sendinghim to This revelation was the beginning sending him to all mankind. all mankinci. 36 36
  39. 39. And We have not sent you (0 Muham And We sent (O mad) except as a giver of glad tidings excepf of and a warner to all mankind, but most and wamer most of of men know not! (Qur'an 34:28) (Quf 34'.28) an The Prophet lived for ten years after his migration The Prophetlived for ten years after his migration to Madinah. He breathedhis last after Allah had to Madinah. He breathed his last after Allah had completedHis Deen and blessingsthrough him. completed His Deen and blessings through him. He diedat the age d 63. He had guidedman to all He died at the age ci 63. He had guided man to all good, and he had warned them from all evil. He is good, and he had warnedthem from all evil. He is the last the Prophets. No Prophetwill come after the last of the Prophets. No Prophet will come after him. Allah the Exalted says: him. Allahthe Exalted says: the father Muhammad is not the father of any Muhammad you, but he is the man among you, but the /l'fessenger Allah, the last Messenger of Allah, the last of the the AII-Aware Prophets. And Allah is Ever All-Aware Prophets. And (Qur'an33:40) of everything. (Qur'an 33:40) Knowing Prophet Muhamma~ Knowing Prophet Muhammadffi can can be be throughthe examination Strah(his of accomplished through the examination of Sirah (his accomplished life), his biographyand the way he lived, which life), his biography and the way he lived, which make the examiner totally convinced that make the examiner totally convinced that Muhammad~ Messenger from Allah. Muhammad# is a Messenger from Allah. is you find thosewho have the opportunity Therefore, you find those who have the opportunity Therefore, to know what has been narrated about him to know what has been narrated about him convinced the truthfulness what he conveyed of convinced of the truthfulness of what he conveyed of from Allah, and that Hiirahis his Sunnah. Hiirah in from Allah, and that Hijrah is his Sunnah. Hijrah in lslamis the journeyfromthe landof Kufrtothe land Islam is the journey from the land of Kufrto the land of lslam. tt is obligatoryuntil repentanceis no of Islam. It is obligatory until repentance is no 37 37
  40. 40. longer accepted by Allah; repentancehowever, longer accepted by Allah; repentance however, could be acceptedby Allah untilthe sun risesfrom could be accepted by Allah until the sun rises from the west, where it normallysets (this is sign of the the west, where it normally sets (this is a sign of the Day Judgment). Day of Judgment). Because nations Because nations today today havehave established established communication and have become closer to each communication and have become closer to each other in businessand dealings,it is better for other in business and dealings, it is better for a Muslim to search for country where lslamic Muslim to search for a country where Islamic obligationsare practicedthe most, so he can obligations are practiced the most, so he can perform his lslamic duties,such as worshipping perform his Islamic duties, such as worshipping Allah, callingothersto the religion Allah (lslam) Allah, calling others to the religion of Allah (Islam) and do Jihad (struggle) the cause or sake of in and do Jihad (struggle) in the cause or sake of Allah. This is becausethere is strength lslam to Allah. This is because there is a strength to Islam and Muslimin their physical assembly, the unity in and Muslim in their physical assembly, in the unity of theirvoicesand the solidarity theirranks. lt is of of their voices and the solidarity of their ranks. It is for this reason Allah had legislated Hijrah and for this reason Allah had legislated Hijrah and who ignoresit with Hell fire. Allah the threatened who ignores it with Hell fire. Allah the threatened says, Almighty says, Almighty the Angels Verily! As for those whom the Angels Verily! take while wronging themselves they take themselves were They say; In what (condition) were you? They say; opPressed reply: We were weak and oppressed on We were weak earth. They (Angels) Was earth. They (Angels) say: Was not thethe eafth of spacious enaugh earth of Allah spacious enough for you to emigrate therein? Such men will find Such Hell. What their abode in Hell. What an evil abode destination! destination! l8 38

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