منزلة الصحابة في القرآن

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منزلة الصحابة في القرآن

منزلة الصحابة في القرآن

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  • 1. ‫٥‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬‫ﺍﳊﻤﺪ ﷲ ﳓﻤﺪﻩ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻌﻴﻨﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻬﺪﻳﻪ ﻭﻧﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻩ ، ﻭﻧﻌﻮﺫ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻨﺎ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺳﻴﺌﺎﺕ ﺃﻋﻤﺎﻟﻨﺎ، ﻣﻦ ﻳﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻼ ﻣﻀﻞ ﻟﻪ، ﻭﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻳﻀﻠﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻼ ﻫﺎﺩﻱ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻟﻦ ﲡﺪ ﻟﻪ ﻭﻟﻴًﺎ ﻣﺮﺷﺪًﺍ.‬‫ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻻ ﺇﻟﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻻ ﺷﺮﻳﻚ ﻟﻪ، ﻭﺃﺷﻬﺪ ﺃﻥ ﳏﻤﺪًﺍ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺪﻩ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ.‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺻﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﳏﻤﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ﻭﺃﺯﻭﺍﺟﻪ ﺃﻣﻬﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺫﺭﻳﺘﻪ ﻭﺁﻝ‬‫ﺑﻴﺘﻪ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﺇﱃ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟـﺪﻳﻦ.‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ،،‬‫ﻓﺈﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﻨﺘﺼﺐ ﻟﺒﻴﺎﻬﻧﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺰ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ، ﻭﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﲝﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ، ﻭﺗﺒﺸﲑﻩ ﳍـﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺮﲪﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺿﻮﺍﻥ، ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻘﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺟﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ.‬‫ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻢ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﻀﻴﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺸـﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻮﻉ ﺣـﱴ‬‫ﺃﺻﺒﺤﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻟﻀﺮﻭﺭﺓ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻤﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻌـﻮﺍﻡ،‬‫ﻭﻳﺪﻳﻦ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ، ﻭﻻ ﻳﺘﺼﻮﺭ ﺟﻬﻠﻬﺎ ﺃﻭ ﺍﳉﺤﺪ ﻬﺑـﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺣﺪ.‬‫ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺘﻤﲔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻫـﺬﺍ‬‫ﺍﻹﲨﺎﻉ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻴﻘﻦ ﻓﺴﺒﺖ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻧﺴﺒﺘﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﻻ‬‫ﻳﻠﻴﻖ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﻨﺎﺋﻊ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮﺍﺕ، ﺑﻞ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﺷﻬﺪ ﳍﻢ ﺑﻨﻘﻴﻀﻪ ﰲ ﺁﻳﺎﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﶈﻜﻤﺎﺕ.‬
  • 2. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٦‬‫ﻭﱂ ﻳﻘﻒ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳊﺪ ﺑﻞ ﲡﺎﻭﺯ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﺷـﻬﺪﻭﺍ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ – ﺇﻻ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ – ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﺓ ﺑﻞ ﻭﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﻦ ﰲ ﻣﺼﺎﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﺑﺘﺔ ﳌﺎ ﺗﻀﻤﻨﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺩﻟﺔ ﺗﺪﻳﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺸﻄﻂ ﻭﺗﺪﻙ ﻣﻌﺎﻗﻠـﻪ‬‫ﳐﺎﻟﻔﲔ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﶈﻜﻤﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﻭﺣﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﺗـﺎﺭﻳﺦ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺔ، ﰒ ﺗﻼ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺳﻴﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﻭﺍﳌﻔﺘﺮﻳﺎﺕ.‬‫ﻭﻟﺴﻨﺎ ﺑﺼﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻲ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﺘﻘﺪﺍﺕ ﻓﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻛﱪ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺃﻥ ﲢﻴﻂ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻼﺋﻞ ، ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺘﻨـﺎﻭﻝ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺷـﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ، ﻷﻥ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻻ ﻳﺰﺍﻟﻮﻥ ﻳﻌﻠﻨﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻛﻞ ﳏﺎﺟـﺔ‬‫ﺇﻬﻧﻢ ﻳﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺘﺤﺮﻳﻔﻪ ﳏﺾ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺀ ﻭﻬﺑﺘﺎﻥ.‬‫ﻓﻬﻠﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻧﺴﺘﻤﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ‬‫ﲟﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﺪﻱ ﻭﺍﳊﻖ ﺍﳌﺒﲔ ، ﻭﺑـﺄﻬﻧﻢ‬‫ﺧﲑ ﺃﻣﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ، ﻭﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﺑﺸﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺟﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻗﻞ ﹶﺃ ﱡ ﺷﻲﺀ ﹶﺃﻛﺒ ُ ﺷﻬَﺎﺩﺓ ﹸﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺷَـﻬﹺﻴ ٌ َﺑﻴﻨﹺـﻲ ﻭَﺑﻴْـﻨﻜﻢ‬‫َ َﹸْ‬ ‫ﺪ ْ‬ ‫ﹸ ﹾ ﻱ َ ْ ٍ ﹾَﺮ َ َ ﹰ ﻗ ﹺ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ﻭﹸﻭﺣﻲ ﹺﺇﹶﻟ ﱠ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹸﺮﺁ ﹸ ِﻟﹸْﻧﺬﺭ ﹸﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭﻣﻦ َﺑﻠﻎ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻌﺎﻡ: ٩١[.‬ ‫َﺃ ِ َ ﻲ َ ﻘ ْ َﻥ ﺄ ِ َﻛ ْ ِ َ َ ْ ﹶ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻬﻧﻴﺐ ﲟﻦ ﻳﻘﺮﺃ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﳑﻦ ﺯﻟﺖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻡ ﰲ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻠﻜﺎﺕ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻘﺒﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺘﺪﺑﺮﻫﺎ ﺗﺪﺑﺮ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ ﻟﻠﺤﻖ،‬‫ﺍﳌﺘﺤﺮﺭ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﺮ ﺍﳍﻮﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﻮﺓ ﺍﳋﻔﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﻗﻦ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﷲ ﳚﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ‬
  • 3. ‫٧‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻻ ﺭﻳﺐ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻟﻴﺴﺄﳍﻢ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﻣﺎﺫﺍ ﺃﺟﺒﺘﻢ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ؟ ﻓﺘﺒﻴﺾ ﻭﺟﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺗﺴﻮﺩ ﻭﺟﻮﻩ؟‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺄﻣﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺪﺭﻙ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺍﳍﺪﻑ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻫﻮ ﳎﺮﺩ ﺇﺣﻘﺎﻕ‬‫ﺍﳊﻖ ﻭﺇﺑﻄﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻃﻞ ﺑﻌﻴﺪًﺍ ﻋﻦ ﺷﺒﻬﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺸﻮﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺠﺮﻳﺢ، ﺃﻭ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬‫ﻻﲡﺎﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ ﺃﻭ ﻵﺧﺮ. ﻓﻌﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﲢﺮﻙ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻢ ﺇﻻ ﺣﺒًﺎ ﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ‬‫ﻭﻣﺎ ﺧﻄﻄﻨﺎ ﺳﻮﺍﺩًﺍ ﰲ ﺑﻴﺎﺽ ﺇﻻ ﻧﺼﺤًﺎ ﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ‬‫ﻭﻋﺎﻣﺘﻬﻢ، ﻭﺣﺮﺻًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﲡﺘﻤﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ، ﻭﺷﻠﺖ‬‫ﻳﺪ ﺗﻌﻤﺪ ﺇﱃ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻓﺘﻄﻮﻋﻬﺎ ﺧﺪﻣﺔ ﻟﻠﻄﻮﺍﻏﻴﺖ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻧﺘﺼـﺎﺭًﺍ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﻬﻮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﻮﺍﺕ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ!!‬‫ﻓﺈﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ، ﻧﺮﺩ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺷﺠﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺎ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻑ ﻭﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﻌﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻼﻥ، ﻭﻻ ﺣﻮﻝ ﻭﻻ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﷲ.‬
  • 4. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٨‬ ‫ﺃﻣﺔ ﺗﺼﺎﻍ ﻷﻋﻈﻢ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺻﺎﻍ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺻـﻴﺎﻏﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻴﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻭﺯﺭﺍﺀ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﻭﲪﻠﺔ ﺭﺳﺎﻟﺘﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﻋﻠ ُﻮﺍ ﹶﺃ ﱠ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﺭ ُﻮﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻮ ُﻳﻄِﻴﻌﻜﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ‬‫ﹶِ ﹴ ِ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ‬ ‫ْ ﹶﻤ ﻥ ﹸ ْ َﺳ ﹶ ﻠ ِ ْ ُ ﹸ ْ‬‫ﹶﻟﻌﻨﱡﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻜ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺣﱠﺐ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﱠﻨﻪُ ﻓِﻲ ﹸ ﹸـﻮﹺﺑ ﹸﻢ ﻭﻛﹶـ ﱠﻩ‬‫ﻗﻠ ﻜ ْ َ ﺮ َ‬ ‫َﹺﺘ ْ َ ِﻦ ﻠ َ َﺒ َ ْﻜﻢ ﹺ ﹶ َ َﻳَ‬‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻔﺮ َﺍﹾﻟﻔ ُﻮﻕ َﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼَﺎﻥ ﹸﻭﹶﻟِـﻚ ُـﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍ ِـ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬ ‫ْﻜﻢ ﹸ ﹾ َ ﻭ ﹸﺴ َ ﻭ ِ ْﻴ ﹶ ﺃ ﺌ َ ﻫ ُ ﺮ ﺷ ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺍﺕ: ٧[.‬‫ﻓﻠﻜﻲ ﻳﺘﺄﻫﻠﻮﺍ ﻟﺸﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺒﺔ ﺃﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻹﻋﺪﺍﺩ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻴـﻊ‬‫ﻓﺤﺒﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﻳﻨﻪ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻭﻛﺮﻩ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺴـﻮﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﻴﺎﻥ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺤﻘﻮﺍ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻭﻥ ﻛﻤـﺎ ﺗﻨﻄـﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳝﺔ.‬‫ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺯﺍﻍ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻬﻼﺀ ﻓﺰﻋﻤﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﳏﻤﺪ‬‫‪ ‬ﻣﺎ ﺑﲔ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﻭﻓﺎﺳﻖ ﻭﻋﺎﺹ! ﺇﻻ ﻧﻔﺮﺍ ﻗﻠﻴﻼ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠـﺎﻭﺯﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ!‬ ‫ﻓﻤﻦ ﻧﺼﺪﻕ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻭﱄ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﺏ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺼﺪﻕ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺷﺪ ﻭﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻡ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺴﻮﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺼﻴﺎﻥ؟‬
  • 5. ‫٩‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﲑ ﺃﻣﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ:‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺧﻴﺮ ﹸ ﱠﺔ ﹸﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟِﻠﱠﺎﺱ َﺗﺄﻣ ُﻭﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌ ُﻭﻑ‬‫ﹸ ُْ ْ َ ْ َ ﺃﻣ ٍ ﺃ ْ ﹺ َ ْ ﻨ ﹺ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹶ َ ْﺮ ِ‬ ‫ﻭَﺗﻨﻬﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻨﻜﺮ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٠١١[.‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ﹶ َ ﹺ ﻤْ ﹶ ﹺ‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺧﲑ ﺃﻣﺔ، ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﳌﺎ ﻗﺎﻣﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ، ﻭﳌﺎ ﻭﻗﺮ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﷲ، ﻭﺯﻋﻢ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﻬﻼﺀ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﺷﺮ ﺃﻣﺔ، ﳜﻮﻧﻮﻥ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﺍﷲ، ﻭﻳﺘﻮﺍﻃﺆﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻈﻠﻢ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺪﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﻳﻨﻘﻠﺒﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻘﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ! ﻓﻤﻦ ﻧﺼـﺪﻕ‬ ‫ﺇﺫﻥ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻧﺼﺪﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﰲ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﳋﲑﻳﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﻡ ﻧﺼﺪﻕ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﰲ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﻬﺗﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﳋﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻴﺔ؟‬ ‫ﺃﺟﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻭﱄ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﺏ!!‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻛﻴﻒ َﺗﻜﻔ ُﻭﻥ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﺘﻢ ُﺗﺘﻠﹶﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺁﻳَﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﺭ ُﻮﹸﻟﻪ‬‫َ ﹶ ْ َ ﹾ ﹸﺮ ﹶ َ ُ ْ ْ َ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ ُ ﻠ ِ َ ﹸ ْ َﺳ ُ‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ َﻳﻌﺘ ِـﻢ ﹺﺎﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻓ ﹶـﺪ ُـﺪﻱ ﹺﺇﹶـﻰ ِـ َﺍﻁ ﻣﺴْـﺘ ِﻴﻢ‪‬‬ ‫َ َ ْ ْ َﺼ ْ ﺑ ﻠ ِ ﹶ ﻘ ْ ﻫ ِ َ ﻟ ﺻ ﺮ ٍ ُ َ ﻘ ﹴ‬ ‫]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ١٠١[.‬‫ﻓﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺑﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻉ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺑﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺼﻮﻏﻬﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻫﺬﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﻴﺎﻏﺔ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﺪﺓ ﳊﻤﻞ ﺃﻣﺎﻧﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻟﻠﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﺑﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺧﺎﰎ ﺍﳌﺮﺳﻠﲔ.‬‫ﻛﻴﻒ ﻳﻜﻔﺮ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺮﻩ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺮ؟ ﺑـﻞ ﻛﻴـﻒ‬ ‫ﻳﻜﻔﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺗﺘﻠﻰ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ؟‬
  • 6. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٠١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﳍﻢ ﲝﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ:‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼـﺎﺭ ﲝﻘﻴﻘـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺷﱴ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫَﺎﺟ ُﻭﺍ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻭَﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ ﻟ َ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﺮ َ َﺪ‬‫ﺁﻭﻭْﺍ ﻭَﻧﺼ ُﻭﺍ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺣ ًّﺎ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﻛﺮ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫َ َ َ َﺮ ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ َﻘ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﹶ ﹺﱘ‬ ‫]ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٤٧[.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳ ُﻭﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ َﻳﺨﺪ ُﻮﻙ ﻓﺈ ﱠ ﺣﺴﺒﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ُﻮ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﹶﺃﱠـﺪﻙ‬‫َ ﹾ ﺪ ﹾ ْ َﻋ َ ﹶﹺﻥ َ َْ َ ﻠ ُ ﻫ َ ﻟ ﻳ َ َ‬ ‫ﹺﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻭﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٢٦[.‬ ‫َ ْ ﹺ ِ َ ْ ِﹺ َ‬‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻳﺬﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻧﻌﻤﺘﻪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ‪ ‬ﲟﺎ ﺃﻳﺪﻩ ﺑـﻪ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺩﻻﻟﺘﺎﻥ:‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﱃ: ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﳍﻢ ﲝﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻷﻬﻧﺎ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﻢ ﺍﳋﺒﲑ.‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ: ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﺟﻴﺶ ﲢﻘﻘﺖ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮﺓ ﻭﻟﻴﺴﻮﺍ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩًﺍ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻋﻤﻮﻥ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺧﻴﺮ ﹸﺃ ﱠـﺔ ﹸﺃﺧﺮﺟَـﺖ ﻟِﻠﱠـﺎﺱ ﺗَـﺄﻣ ُﻭﻥ‬‫ْ ﻨ ﹺ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹸ ُْ ْ َ ْ َ ﻣ ٍ ْ ﹺ‬‫ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌ ُﻭﻑ ﻭَﺗﻨﻬﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻨﻜﺮ ﻭُﺗﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠـﻪ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤـﺮﺍﻥ:‬ ‫َ ْﺮ ِ َ ْ َ ْ ﹶ َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ﹶ ﹺ َ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫٠١١[.‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺩﻻﻟﺘﺎﻥ:‬
  • 7. ‫١١‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻭﱃ: ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻫﻲ ﺧﲑ ﺃﻣﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ.‬‫ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ: ﺃﻥ ﺳﺒﺐ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺗﺼﻔﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﷲ، ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻭﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻞ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﺑﻼ ﻧﺰﺍﻉ ﻷﻬﻧﻢ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﻃﺒﻮﺍ ﺑﻪ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪ِ‬ﻟﻠﻔﻘﺮَﺍﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ُ َﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﹸﺧﺮ ُﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺩِﻳﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻣْـﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ‬‫ﹺْ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ﻤﻬ ﹺ َ ﻟ َ ﺃ ْ ﹺﺟ ِ ْ ﹺ ِ ْ َ‬‫َﻳﺒﺘ ُﻮﻥ ﻓﻀﻠﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭﺿﻮَﺍﻧًﺎ ﻭَﻳﻨ ُ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﹶﻟ ُ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ‬‫َْﻐ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ِ َ ﻠ ِ َ ﹺ ْ َ ْﺼﺮ ﹶ ﻠ َ َ َﺳ ﻪ ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﺩ ﹸﻮﻥ * ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﺗﺒ ﱠ ُﻭﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺭ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ ُﻳﺤﱡﻮﻥ ﻣَـﻦ‬‫ﺼ ِﻗ ﹶ ﻟ َ َﻮﺀ ﺪ َ ﹺ ﹶ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ ِﺒ ﹶ ْ‬‫ﻫَﺎﺟﺮ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺠ ُﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺻ ُﻭﺭﻫﻢ ﺣَﺎﺟﺔ ﻣ ﱠﺎ ﹸﻭُﻮﺍ ﻭُﻳﺆِﺛ ُﻭﻥ‬‫ُﺪ ﹺ ِ ْ َ ﹰ ِﻤ ﺃ ﺗ َ ْ ﺮ ﹶ‬ ‫َ َ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ﹺﺪ ﹶ‬‫ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻮ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﺧﺼَﺎﺻ ﹲ ﻭﻣﻦ ُﻮﻕ ﺷ ﱠ َﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﻓﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ‬‫ِ ﹺ ْ َ ْ ﹶ ﹺ ْ َ َﺔ َ َ ْ ﻳ َ ُﺢ ﹾ ِ ِ ﹶﺄ ِ َ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻔﻠ ُﻮﻥ * ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَـﺎ‬ ‫ُ ُ ُ ﹾ ِﺤ ﹶ ﻟ َ ﺀ ِ ْ ْ ِ ِ ْ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َﺑ ﹾ ِ ْ‬‫ﻭِﻟﺈﺧﻮَﺍﹺﻧﻨَﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺳﺒ ﹸﻮﻧَﺎ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻨَﺎ ﻏ ًّﺎ ِﻟ ﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﹺ ِ َ ْ َ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ِﻠ ﻠ َ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻘ‬ ‫َﹺ ْ‬ ‫ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﺭ ُﻭ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺸﺮ: ٨-٠١[.‬ ‫َ َﻨ َﺑ ﻧ َ َﺀ ﻑ َ ﻢ‬‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﳊﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺤﻘﲔ ﻟﻠﻔﻲﺀ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﻬـﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ.‬‫- ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﺛﲎ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﻭﱃ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﺑﺄﻬﻧﻢ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺩﻳﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﺧﺎﻟﻔﻮﺍ ﻗﻮﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺑﺘﻐﺎﺀ ﻣﺮﺿﺎﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺿﻮﺍﻧﻪ، ﻭﺑﻨﺼـﺮﻬﺗﻢ ﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ، ﰒ ﺷﻬﺪ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺪﻕ ﰲ ﻬﻧﺎﻳﺘﻬﺎ.‬‫- ﰒ ﺃﺛﲎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﲝﺒﻬﻢ ﻹﺧﻮﺍﻬﻧﻢ ﺍﳌﻬـﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ، ﻭﺳـﻼﻣﺔ‬‫ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺴﺪ ﳍﻢ، ﻭﺇﻳﺜﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﳍﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ، ﰒ ﺃﺷـﺎﺭ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﻓﻼﺣﻬﻢ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻧﻴﺔ.‬
  • 8. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٢١‬‫- ﰒ ﺃﺛﲎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺟﺎﺅﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ ﻳﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮﻭﻥ ﳍﻢ ﻭﻳﺴﺄﻟﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﺃﻻ ﳚﻌﻞ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻏﻼ ﻟﻠﺴﺎﺑﻘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺒﻂ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻷﺧـﲑﺓ ﺇﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﻀﻲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻟﻪ ﰲ ﻣﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻔﻲﺀ ﻧﺼﻴﺐ ﻟﻌـﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﺼﺎﻓﻪ ﲟﺎ ﻣﺪﺡ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ.‬‫ﻭﺇﺫﺍ ﻭﻟﻴﻨﺎ ﻭﺟﻬﻨﺎ ﺷﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻠﻴﺔ ﻓﺈﻧﻨﺎ ﳒـﺪ ﺷـﻬﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻟﻜﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﰲ ﳐﺘﻠـﻒ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗـﻊ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻒ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻔﻴﺪ ﰲ ﳎﻤﻮﻋﻬﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺗﻔﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﻨﺼـﻮﺹ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣـﺔ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺠﻤﻟﻤﻮﻋﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ، ﻭﱂ ﻻ؟ ﻭﻗﺪ ﺧﻮﻃﺐ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﻮﺻﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻘﺮﺏ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺴﻌﲔ ﻣﺮﺓ!‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻣﺘﺤﺪﺛﹰﺎ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﺪﺭ:‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗ ﹸﻮﻝ ِﻟﻠﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﹶﺃﹶﻟﻦ َﻳﻜﻔﻴﻜﹸﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ ُﻤ ﱠ ﹸﻢ ﺭﱡ ﹸـﻢ ﹺﺑﺜﻠﹶﺎﺛﹶـﺔ‬‫ﹾ ﻘ ﹸ ﹾ ْ ِﹺ َ ْ ﹾ َِ ْ ﹾ ﻳ ِﺪﻛ ْ َﺑﻜ ْ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺁﻟﹶﺎﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﻣُﻨﺰِﻟﲔ * َﺑﻠﹶﻰ ﹺﺇﻥ َﺗﺼﺒ ُﻭﺍ ﻭَﺗﱠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻭَﻳﺄُﻮﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﹾ ْﹺﺮ َ ﺘﻘ َ ﹾﺗ ﹸ ْ ِ ْ‬ ‫َ ٍ ِ َ َ ﹶِ ْ َ َ‬‫ﻓﻮﺭﻫﻢ ﻫ ﹶﺍ ُﻳﻤﺪﺩﻛﻢ ﺭﱡﻜﻢ ﹺﺑﺨﻤﺴﺔ ﺁﹶﺎﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤ ﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ُﺴ ﱢﻣﲔ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ِ ْ َﺬ ْ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َﺑ ﹸ ْ َ ْ َ ِ َﻟ ٍ ِ َ َﻠ ﹶ ِ ﻣ َﻮ ِ َ‬ ‫]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٤٢١-٥٢١[.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺿﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ:‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ ُﻳﻐ ﱢﻴﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﱡﻌَﺎﺱ ﹶﺃﻣﻨﺔ ﻣﻨ ُ ﻭُﻨ ﱢ ﹸ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻤَﺎﺀ ﻣَـﺎﺀ‬‫ﹾ َﺸ ﹸ ُ ﻨ َ ََ ﹰ ِ ْﻪ َﻳَﺰﻝ َ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ ِ َ ﺴ ِ ً‬‫ِﻟُﻄ ﱢﺮ ﹸﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭﻳُﺬﻫﺐ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﺭﺟﺰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﻭِﻟﻴﺮﹺﺑﻂ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹸ ﹸـﻮﹺﺑ ﹸﻢ‬‫ﻴ ﹶﻬ َﻛ ْ ِ َ ﹾ ِ َ َ ْ ﹸ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ﺸ ْ ِ َ َ ْ ﹶ َ ﻗﻠ ﻜ ْ‬‫ﻭﻳُﺜﱢﺖ ﹺﺑﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻗﺪَﺍﻡ * ﹺﺇﺫ ُﻮﺣِﻲ ﺭﱡﻚ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻠﹶﺎِﺋﻜﺔ ﹶﺃﱢﻲ ﻣﻌ ﹸﻢ ﻓﺜﱢُﻮﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ِ ﻧ َ َﻜ ْ ﹶﹶﺒﺘ‬ ‫َﺑ َ‬ ‫َ ﹶﺒ َ ِ ﹶ ﹾ َ ﹾ ﻳ‬‫ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺳﺄﹾﻟﻘِﻲ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﺏ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱡﻋﺐ ﻓﹶﺎﺿﺮُﻮﺍ ﻓﻮﻕ‬‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ﻟ َ ﹶ ﹶﺮ ﺮ ْ َ ْ ﹺﺑ ﹶ ْ َ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ ﹸ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋﻨَﺎﻕ ﻭَﺍﺿﺮُﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻛ ﱠ َﺑﻨَﺎﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ١١-٢١[.‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ﹺﺑ ِ ْ ُ ْ ﹸﻞ ٍ‬
  • 9. ‫٣١‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻓﻠﻢ َﺗﻘﺘ ﹸﻮﻫﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻜ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻗﺘﻠﻬُﻢ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﻭﹶﻟﻜِـ ﱠ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ْ ﹾ ُﻠ ُ ْ َ ِ ﻦ ﻠ َ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ َ َ َ ْ َ ﹾ َ َ ْ َ َ ﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺭ َﻰ ﻭِﻟُﺒﻠﻲ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻨ ُ َﺑ ﹶﺎﺀ ﺣﺴًﺎ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺳ ِﻴ ٌ ﻋ ِـﻴ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ َ َﻣ َ ﻴ ْ ِ َ ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ ِ ْﻪ ﻠ ً َ َﻨ ﻥ ﻠ َ َﻤ ﻊ َﻠ ﻢ‬ ‫]ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٧١[.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻗﺪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﺁَﻳ ﹲ ﻓِﻲ ﻓﺌﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺘﻘﺘَﺎ ﻓﺌ ﹲ ُﺗﻘﹶﺎِﺗ ﹸ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹶ ﹸ ْ َ ﺔ ِ ﹶ َ ْ ﹺ َ ﹶ ِ ﹶﺔ ﻞ‬‫ﻭﹸﺃﺧﺮَﻯ ﻛﹶﺎﻓﺮ ﹲ َﻳﺮﻭَﻧﻬُﻢ ﻣﺜﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺭﹾﺃﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻴﻦ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ُﺆﱢ ُ ﹺﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻣَـﻦ‬‫ِ َﺓ َ ْ ْ ِ ﹾ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ َ َ ْ ﹺ ﻠ ُ ﻳ َﻳﺪ َ ْ ﹺ ِ ْ‬ ‫َ ْ‬ ‫َﻳﺸَﺎﺀ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﻓِﻲ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹶﻟﻌﺒﺮﺓ ِﻟﹸﻭﻟِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﺑﺼَﺎﺭ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٣١[.‬ ‫ﹶ ﹺ‬ ‫ُ ﻥ ﹶ َ ِْ َ ﹰ ﺄ‬‫ﻭﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺗﺸﲑ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﻗﻊ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻛﲔ‬‫ﻳﻮﻡ ﺑﺪﺭ ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺑﺪﺭ ﲞﻠﻮﺹ ﻧﻴﺘﻬﻢ ، ﻭﺃﻬﻧﻢ‬‫ﻣﺎ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻮﺍ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺫﻟﻚ ﲪﻴﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺷﺠﺎﻋﺔ ﻭﻻ ﻟﺘﺮﻯ ﺃﻣﺎﻛﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻗﺎﺗﻠﻮﺍ‬‫ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻟﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻛﻔﺮﻭﺍ ﻫـﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻔﻠﻰ ﻓﺄﻳﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻭﺍﷲ ﻳﺆﻳﺪ ﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺸﺎﺀ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺪﻭﺍ ﹸﺣﺪًﺍ:‬ ‫ﺃ‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﻏﺪﻭﺕ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻚ ُﺒ ﱢ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻋﺪ ِﻟﻠﻘﺘَﺎﻝ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹾ ﹶ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ْ ِ َ ﺗ َﻮﺉ ْ ِ ﹺ َ َ ِ َ ﹾ ِ ﹺ ﻠ ُ‬‫ﺳﻤِﻴ ٌ ﻋﻠِﻴ ٌ * ﹺﺇﺫ ﻫ ﱠﺖ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔﺘَﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﻥ َﺗﻔﺸﻠﹶﺎ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻭِﻟﱡﻬُﻤَـﺎ‬ ‫َ ﻊ َ ﻢ ﹾ َﻤ ْ ﹶ ِ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ ﹾ ﹾ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻓﻠﻴﺘﻮ ﱠﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ١٢١-٢٢١[.‬ ‫َ َ ﻠ ِ ﹶ ﹾََ َﻛ ﹺ ُ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ‬‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺻﺪﻗ ﹸ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻋﺪ ُ ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗﺤ ﱡﻮَﻧﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺫﻧﹺـﻪ ﺣﱠـﻰ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ َ َ ﹶﻜﻢ ﻠ ُ َ ْ َﻩ ﹾ ُﺴ ُ ْ ﹺ ﹾ ِ َﺘ‬‫ﻓﺸﻠﺘﻢ ﻭَﺗﻨَﺎﺯﻋﺘﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﻭﻋﺼﻴﺘُﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﺭَﺍﻛﻢ ﻣَﺎ ُﺤﱡـﻮﻥ‬‫ﹸ ْ ﺗ ِﺒ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ َ َ َْ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﹾُ ْ َ َ ُْ ْ‬‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻭﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺻﺮﻓﻜﹸﻢ ﻋَـﻨﻬﻢ‬‫ِْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ ﺪ َ ِْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ِ َ ﹶ ﻢ َ َﹶ ْ ْ ُ ْ‬
  • 10. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٤١‬‫ِﻟﻴﺒﺘﻠﻴ ﹸﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋ ﹶﺎ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ َﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀْـﻞ ﻋ ﹶـﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ُـﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪‬‬ ‫ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﹴ َﻠ‬ ‫َ َْ َِﻜ ْ َ ﹶ ْ َﻔ َ ْ ﹸ ْ ﻭ ﻠ ُ ﺫ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٢٥١[.‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﺪ ﻧﺪﻬﺑﻢ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻟﺘﻌﻘﺐ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻧﺘـﻬﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ:‬‫‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍﺳﺘﺠَﺎُﻮﺍ ِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﺻَﺎَﺑ ُ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶـﺮﺡ‬‫ُْ‬ ‫ﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْ َ ﺑ ﻠ ِ ﺮﺳ ﹺ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬‫ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﹶﺃﺣﺴُﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭَﺍﱠﻘﻮْﺍ ﹶﺃﺟ ٌ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ * ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻗﹶﺎﻝ ﹶﻟ ُ ُ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ ﹺﺇ ﱠ‬‫ﻠ َ ْ َﻨ ِ ْ ُ ْ ﺗ ﹶ ْﺮ َ ﻢ ﻟ َ ﹶ ﻬﻢ ﻨ ُ ﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺱ ﻗﺪ ﺟﻤ ُﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺧﺸﻮﻫﻢ ﻓﺰَﺍﺩﻫﻢ ﹺﺇﳝَﺎﻧًﺎ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺣﺴﺒﻨَﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‬‫َ ﻟ َ ُْ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ﻨ َ ﹶ ْ َ َﻌ ﹸ ْ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ﹶ َ ُ ْ‬‫ﹶ ﹶﺒ ﹺ ْ َ ٍ ِ َ ﻠ ِ َ ﹶ ْ ﹴ ْ ْ َ ْ ُ ْ ﺳ ﺀ‬‫ﻭﹺﻧﻌﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻮﻛِﻴﻞ * ﻓﹶﺎْﻧﻘﻠُﻮﺍ ﹺﺑﻨﻌﻤﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻓﻀﻞ ﹶﻟﻢ َﻳﻤﺴﺴﻬﻢ ُﻮ ٌ‬ ‫َ َْ َ ﹸ‬‫َﺍﱠﺒﻌ ـﻮﺍ ﺭﺿ ـ َﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻠ ـﻪ َﺍﻟﻠ ـﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀ ـﻞ ﻋﻈ ـﻴﻢ‪‬‬ ‫ﻭ ﺗَ ُـ ﹺ ْـ ﻮ ﹶ ﱠـ ِ ﻭ ﱠـ ُ ﺫ ﹶ ْـ ﹴ َ ِـ ﹴ‬ ‫]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٢٧١ – ٤٧١[.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻳﻮﻡ )ﲪﺮﺍﺀ ﺍﻷﺳﺪ( ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻥ ﺍﳌﺸـﺮﻛﲔ ﳌـﺎ‬‫ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻛﺮﻭﺍ ﺭﺍﺟﻌﲔ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩﻫـﻢ ﻓﻠﻤـﺎ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﻭﺍ ﰲ ﺳﲑﻫﻢ ﻧﺪﻣﻮﺍ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﱂ ﳚﻬﺰﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻭﳚﻌﻠﻮﻫﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺼﻠﺔ ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺑﻠﻎ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻧﺪﺏ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟـﺬﻫﺎﺏ‬‫ﻭﺭﺍﺀﻫﻢ ﻟﲑﻋﺒﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺮﻳﻬﻢ ﺇﻥ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻭﺟﻠﺪًﺍ ، ﻓﺎﻧﺘﺪﺏ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻣﺎ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳉﺮﺍﺡ ﻭﺍﻻﺛﺨﺎﻥ ﻃﺎﻋﺔ ﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻭﻟﺮﺳﻮﻟﻪ ‪ ‬ﻓـﺎﻧﺰﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻗﺎﺋﻞ: ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻗﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺃﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺮﻳـﺪ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻭﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ‬‫ِْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ ﺪ َ ِْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫َ ِ َﹶ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻮﺍﺏ ﺇﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻻ ﻳﻘﺪﺡ ﰲ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺇﳝﺎﻬﻧﻢ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﺑﻘﻴﺔ‬
  • 11. ‫٥١‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻵﻳﺔ: ﻓﻘﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻗﺪ ﻋﻔﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ، ﻭﺃﺷـﺎﺭ ﺇﻥ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺴﺒﺐ ﺇﳝﺎﻬﻧﻢ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﻔﹶﺎ‬ ‫َﹶْ َ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪.‬‬ ‫ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫َْ ﹸ ْ ﻠ ُ ﺫ ﹶ ْ ﹴ َ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﰲ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺪﻭﺍ ﺻﻠﺢ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻧﻘﺎﺩﻭﺍ ﳊﻜﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳـﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ:‬‫‪ُ ‬ﻮ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﹶﺃْﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻜِﻴﻨﺔ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﺏ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ِﻟﻴﺰﺩَﺍ ُﻭﺍ ﹺﺇﳝَﺎﻧًـﺎ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ﺴ َ ﹶ ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ ِﹺ َ َ ْ ﺩ‬ ‫ﻫَ ﻟ‬‫ﻣﻊ ﹺﺇﳝَﺎﹺﻧﻬﻢ ﻭِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺟُﻮﺩ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻤَﺎﻭَﺍﺕ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻋﻠِﻴﻤًـﺎ‬ ‫ِ ﹶْ ﹺ َ ﹶ ﻠ ُ َ‬ ‫َ َ ﹺ ْ َ ﻠ ِ ُﻨ ُ ﺴ‬‫ﺣﻜِﻴﻤًﺎ * ِﻟﻴُﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠﺮﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘﻬَـﺎ‬ ‫ْ ِ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ َ ُ ْ ِ ِ َﻨ ٍ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﻬَﺎﺭ ﺧَﺎِﻟﺪِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ﻭﻳُﻜ ﱢﺮ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﱢﺌﹶﺎِﺗﻬﻢ ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹶﻔ َ َ ْ ُ ْ َ ﻴ ﹺ ْ َ ﹶ ﹶ َ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﹶ ُ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺯًﺍ ﻋﻈِﻴﻤًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٤-٥[.‬ ‫ﹶْ َ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﻭﻯ ﺍﻟﺸﻴﺨﺎﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨـﻪ ﻗـﺎﻝ:‬‫ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ِ :‬ﻟﻴﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣَﺎ َﺗﻘ ﱠﻡ ﻣﻦ ﺫْﻧﺒﹺـﻚ ﻭﻣَـﺎ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َ ْ ِ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﹶﺪ َ ِ ْ ﹶ‬‫َﺗﺄ ﱠﺮ‪ ‬ﻣﺮﺟﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺒﻴﺔ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻟﻘﺪ ﺃﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺁﻳﺔ ﺃﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﹶﺧ َ‬‫ﺇﱄ ﳑﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ، ﰒ ﻗﺮﺃﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﻫﻨﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻣﺮﻳﺌﹰﺎ ﻳـﺎ‬‫ﻧﱯ ﺍﷲ، ﺑﲔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﻚ، ﻓﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻔﻌﻞ ﺑﻨﺎ؟ ﻓﻨﺰﻟﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬‫‪ِ ‬ﻟﻴُﺪﺧﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠْـﺮﹺﻱ ﻣِـﻦ َﺗﺤﺘﻬَـﺎ‬ ‫ْ ِْ‬ ‫ْ ِ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ َ ُ ْ ِ ِ َﻨ ٍ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﻬَﺎﺭ‪ ‬ﺣﱴ ﺑﻠﻎ: ‪‬ﻓﻮﺯًﺍ ﻋﻈِﻴﻤًﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫ﹶْ َ‬ ‫ﹶ ُ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻫﻢ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﹺﺇﺫ ﻳُﺒَﺎﹺﻳ ُﻮَﻧﻚ َﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺠﺮﺓ‬‫ﹶ ْ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﹺ ْ ِﹺ َ ﹾ ﻌ َ ْ َ ﺸ َ َ ِ‬‫ﻓﻌﻠﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻓﺄْﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻜِﻴﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺛﹶﺎَﺑﻬﻢ ﻓﺘﺤًﺎ ﻗﺮﹺﻳﺒًـﺎ *‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ ﹶﹶ َ ﹶ ﺴ َ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ُ ْ ﹶ ْ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ َِ َ‬‫ﻭﻣ َﺎﹺﻧﻢ ﹶـﺜﲑﺓ َﻳﺄ ُـ ﹸﻭَﻧ َﺎ ﻭ ﹶـﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻋ ﹺﻳـ ًﺍ ﺣ ِﻴ ًـﺎ‪‬‬ ‫َ َﻐ َ ﻛ ِ َ ﹰ ﹾﺧ ﺬ ﻬ َﻛ ﹶ ﻠ ُ َﺰ ﺰ َﻜ ﻤ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٨١-٩١[.‬
  • 12. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٦١‬‫ﻭﺳﺒﺐ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﰲ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴـﲑﺓ ﻣـﻦ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺪ ﺃﺭﺳﻞ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻔﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻟﻴﺨﱪ ﻗﺮﻳﺸًﺎ‬‫ﺇﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺄﺕ ﳊﺮﺏ ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﺇﳕﺎ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺯﺍﺋﺮًﺍ ﳍﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻭﻣﻌﻈﻤًـﺎ ﳊﺮﻣﺘـﻪ‬‫ﻓﺎﺣﺘﺒﺴﺘﻪ ﻗﺮﻳﺶ ﻋﻨﺪﻫﺎ، ﻭﺑﻠﻎ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻥ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﻗﺘﻞ ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ‬‫‪‬؛ ﻻ ﻧﱪﺡ ﺣﱴ ﻧﻨﺎﺟﺰ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ، ﻭﺩﻋﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﻓﻜﺎﻧﺖ ﺑﻴﻌـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﱂ ﻳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺃﺣـﺪ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺣﻀﺮﻫﺎ ﺇﻻ ﺍﳉﺪ ﺑﻦ ﻗﻴﺲ، ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﻟﺼـﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﺑﺎﻳﻌﻮﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﺃﻟﻔﺎ ﻭﺃﺭﺑﻌﻤﺎﺋﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻭﻳـﻪ ﺍﻟﺒﺨـﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ.‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ:‬‫- ﻳﻌﻠﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ. ﻭﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﲰﻴﺖ ﺑﻴﻌﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺿﻮﺍﻥ: ‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُـﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﹺﺇﺫ ُﻳﺒَﺎﹺﻳ ُﻮﻧَـﻚ َﺗﺤْـﺖ‬‫َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ ﹾ ﻌ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺠﺮﺓ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺸ َ َِ‬‫- ﻳﺰﻛﻲ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺮ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻓﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺪﻕ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ: ‪‬ﻓﻌﻠﻢ‬‫ﹶ َِ َ‬ ‫ﻣَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻓﺄْﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻜِﻴﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ ﹶﹶ َ ﹶ ﺴ َ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ‬‫- ﻳﺮﺗﺐ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﲟﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺃﻧﻌﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺳﻜﻴﻨﺔ ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﻭﻣﻐﺎﱎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻓﻌﻠﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻓﹶـﺄْﻧﺰﻝ‬‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ ﹶ َ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ َِ َ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻜِﻴﻨﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺛﹶﺎَﺑﻬﻢ ﻓﺘﺤًﺎ ﻗﺮﹺﻳﺒًﺎ * ﻭﻣﻐَﺎﹺﻧﻢ ﻛﹶـﺜﲑﺓ َﻳﺄ ُـ ﹸﻭَﻧﻬَﺎ‬ ‫َ َ َ ِ َ ﹰ ﹾﺧ ﺬ‬ ‫ﺴ َ ﹶ َﹶْ ﹺ ْ َ ُ ْ ﹶْ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﺰﹺﻳﺰًﺍ ﺣﻜِﻴﻤًﺎ‪.‬‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ﻠُ َ‬‫ﻭﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﻟﺰﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻘـﻮﻯ – ﻛﻠﻤـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ – ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺃﺣﻖ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻭﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ. ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬
  • 13. ‫٧١‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﱠﺔ ﺣﻤﱠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺠَﺎﻫﻠﱠـﺔ‬‫ِ ِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺﻢ َ ِﻴ ﹶ َ ِﻴ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ َ َ ﹶ ﻟ َ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬‫ﻓﺄْﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺳﻜِﻴﻨﺘ ُ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ ُﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟﺰﻣﻬُﻢ ﻛﻠﻤَـﺔ‬‫ْ ِﹺ َ َ َ َ ْ ﹶ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ َ ﹶ ﻠ ُ َ ََﻪ َ َﺳ ِ َ َ‬‫ﺍﻟﱠﻘ َﻯ ﻭ ﹶﺎُﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﺣ ﱠ ﹺﺑ َﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠ َﺎ ﻭ ﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﻜ ﱢ َـﻲﺀ ﻋ ِﻴ ًـﺎ‪‬‬ ‫ﺘ ﹾﻮ َﻛ ﻧ َﻖ ﻬ َ ْ ﹶﻬ َﻛ ﹶ ﻠ ُ ﹸﻞ ﺷ ْ ٍ َﻠ ﻤ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٦٢[.‬‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ﺁﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﻓـﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ﻧﺰﻝ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹶﻟﻴ ُﻮﺍ ﺳﻮَﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘَﺎﺏ ﹸﺃ ﱠ ﹲ ﻗﹶﺎِﺋﻤ ﹲ َﻳﺘ ﹸـﻮﻥ‬‫ْﺴ َ ً ِ ْ ْ ﹺ ِ ﹺ ﻣﺔ َﺔ ْﻠ ﹶ‬‫ﺁﻳَﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺁﻧَﺎﺀ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻴﻞ ﻭﻫﻢ َﻳﺴﺠ ُﻭﻥ * ُﻳﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮ‬‫َ ِ ﻠ ِ َ َ ﻠ ْ ﹺ َ ُ ْ ْ ُﺪ ﹶ ْ ِ ﻨ ﹶ ﻠ ِ َ ْ ﹺ َ ِ ﹺ‬‫ﻭَﻳﺄﻣ ُﻭﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌ ُﻭﻑ ﻭَﻳﻨﻬﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻨﻜﺮ ﻭﻳُﺴَﺎﺭ ُﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻴﺮَﺍﺕ‬‫َْ ِ‬ ‫َ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹶ َ ْﺮ ِ َ ْ َ ْ ﹶ َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ﹶ ﹺ َ ﹺﻋ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ * ﻭﻣَﺎ َﻳﻔﻌ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻓﻠﻦ ُﻳﻜﻔ ُﻭﻩ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َﺃ ِ َ ِ َ ﺼ ِ َ َ ﹾ َﻠ ِ ْ َ ْ ﹴ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ﹾ ﹶﺮ ُ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ﻋﻠِﻴ ٌ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟ ُﱠﻘﲔ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٣١١-٥١١[.‬ ‫َ ﻢ ﻤﺘ ِ َ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﻋﻨﺪ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻔﺴﺮﻳﻦ ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻓـﻴﻤﻦ‬‫ﺁﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺣﺒﺎﺭ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻛﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﺃﺳﻴﺪ ﺑـﻦ ﻋﺒﻴـﺪ‬‫ﻭﺛﻌﻠﺒﺔ ﺑﻦ ﺷﻌﺒﺔ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﻢ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺑﺎﻟﺼﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﻹﳝـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﻭﻏﲑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺼﺎﻝ ﺍﳋﲑ ﻭﺷﻌﺐ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﺃﻭﺻﺎﻓﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ:‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﺣﻘﹰﺎ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫَﺎﺟ ُﻭﺍ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻭَﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ ﻟ َ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﺮ َ َﺪ‬‫ﺁﻭﻭْﺍ ﻭَﻧﺼ ُﻭﺍ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺣ ًّﺎ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﻛﺮ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫َ َ َ َﺮ ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ َﻘ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﹶ ﹺﱘ‬ ‫]ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٤٧[.‬
  • 14. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٨١‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷﺪﻭﻥ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻜ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺣﱠﺐ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻭﺯﱠﻨﻪُ ﻓِﻲ ﹸ ﹸـﻮﹺﺑ ﹸﻢ ﻭﻛﹶـ ﱠﻩ‬‫ﻗﻠ ﻜ ْ َ ﺮ َ‬ ‫َ ِﻦ ﻠ َ َﺒ َ ْﻜﻢ ﹺ ﹶ َ َﻳَ‬‫ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﻔﺮ َﺍﹾﻟﻔ ُﻮﻕ َﺍﹾﻟﻌﺼَﺎﻥ ﹸﻭﹶﻟِـﻚ ُـﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍ ِـ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬ ‫ْﻜﻢ ﹸ ﹾ َ ﻭ ﹸﺴ َ ﻭ ِ ْﻴ ﹶ ﺃ ﺌ َ ﻫ ُ ﺮ ﺷ ﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺍﺕ: ٧[.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺋﺰﻭﻥ:‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫَﺎﺟ ُﻭﺍ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﺮ َ َﺪ‬‫ﹺﺑﺄﻣ َﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧ ﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋﻈ ُ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﺎِﺋ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ْﻮ ﹺ ْ َ ﻔ ِ ﹺ ْ ْ ﹶﻢ َ َ َ ﹰ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ َﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ﻔ ﺰ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٢[.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﻮﻥ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪ِ‬ﻟﻠﻔﻘﺮَﺍﺀ ﺍﹾﻟ ُ َﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﹸﺧﺮ ُﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺩِﻳﺎﺭﻫﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﻣْـﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ‬‫ﹺْ‬ ‫ﹾ ﹸ ﹶ ِ ﻤﻬ ﹺ َ ﻟ َ ﺃ ْ ﹺﺟ ِ ْ ﹺ ِ ْ َ‬‫َﻳﺒﺘ ُﻮﻥ ﻓﻀﻠﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭﺿﻮَﺍﻧًﺎ ﻭَﻳﻨﺼ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﹶﻟ ُ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ‬‫َْﻐ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ِ َ ﻠ ِ َ ﹺ ْ َ ْ ُﺮ ﹶ ﻠ َ َ َﺳ ﻪ ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﺩ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺸﺮ: ٨[.‬ ‫ﺼ ِﻗ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺭﺿﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻪ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ ﱠﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَـﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَـﺎﺭ ﻭَﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﹺ ﻟ َ‬ ‫َ ﺴ ﻘ ﹶ ﹶﻭ ﻟ ﹶ ِ َ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺣﺴَﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﺍ ﻋﻨ ُ ﻭﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﱠـﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗَﻌ ُ ْ ﹺ ْ ٍ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َﺿ َ ْﻪ َ َﺪ ُ ْ َﻨ ٍ‬‫َﺗﺠ ﹺﻱ َﺗﺤﺘ َﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧ َﺎﺭ َﺎِﻟ ِﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ ﹶﺃَﺑ ًﺍ ﺫِـﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶـﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ِـﻴ ُ‪‬‬ ‫ْﺮ َْﻬ ﹶ ﻬ ُ ﺧ ﺪ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﺪ ﹶﻟ َ ﻔ ْ ُ َﻈ ﻢ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٠١[.‬
  • 15. ‫٩١‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺗَﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱢ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَﺎﺭ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻩ‬‫ﹶ ْ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﻨﹺﻲ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ ﹺ ﻟ َ ﺗَﻌ ُ‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺳَﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺴﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﺩ َﻳﺰﹺﻳﻎ ﻗ ﹸﻮﺏ ﻓﺮﹺﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺗَﺎﺏ‬‫َ ﹸ ﹸﻠ ُ ﹶ ﹴ ِ ْ ُ ْ ﻢ َ‬ ‫َِ ﻌ ْ َِ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﺭ ُﻭ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧١١[.‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ﻧﻪ ﹺ ْ َﺀ ﻑ َ ﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺒﺸﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺭﻬﺑﻢ:‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫَﺎﺟ ُﻭﺍ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﺮ َ َﺪ‬‫ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋﻈ ُ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎِﺋ ُﻭﻥ *‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ ْ ﹶﻢ َ َ َ ﹰ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ َﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ﺰ ﹶ‬‫ُﺒ ﱢ ُ ُﻢ ﺭﱡﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻨ ُ ﻭﺭﺿ َﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﱠﺎﺕ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ِﻴ َﺎ َﻧ ِﻴ ٌ ﻣ ِﻴ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫ﻳَﺸﺮﻫ ْ َﺑ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ٍ ِ ْﻪ َ ﹺ ْﻮ ٍ َ َﻨ ٍ ُ ْ ﻓ ﻬ ﻌ ﻢ ُﻘ ﻢ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٢-١٢[.‬ ‫ﺧﲑ ﺃﻣﺔ ﺃﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺧﻴﺮ ﹸ ﱠﺔ ﹸﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟِﻠﱠﺎﺱ َﺗﺄﻣ ُﻭﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌ ُﻭﻑ ﻭَﺗﻨﻬَـﻮﻥ‬‫ﹸ ُْ ْ َ ْ َ ﺃﻣ ٍ ﺃ ْ ﹺ َ ْ ﻨ ﹺ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹶ َ ْﺮ ِ َ ْ ْ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻨﻜﺮ ﻭُﺗﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٠١١.‬ ‫َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ﹶ ﹺ َ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻘﻮﻯ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻛﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﻤﱠﺔ ﺣﻤﱠﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺠَﺎﻫﻠﱠـﺔ‬‫ِ ِﻴ ِ‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺﻢ َ ِﻴ ﹶ َ ِﻴ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹾ َ َ ﹶ ﻟ َ ﹶ ﹶﺮ‬‫ﻓﺄْﻧﺰﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺳﻜِﻴﻨﺘ ُ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺭ ُﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﹶﺃﹾﻟﺰﻣﻬُﻢ ﻛﻠﻤَـﺔ‬‫ْ ِﹺ َ َ َ َ ْ ﹶ ِ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶﹶ َ ﹶ ﻠ ُ َ ََﻪ َ َﺳ ِ َ َ‬‫ﺍﻟﱠﻘ َﻯ ﻭ ﹶﺎُﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﺣ ﱠ ﹺﺑ َﺎ ﻭﹶﺃﻫﻠ َﺎ ﻭ ﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﻜ ﱢ َـﻲﺀ ﻋ ِﻴ ًـﺎ‪‬‬ ‫ﺘ ﹾﻮ َﻛ ﻧ َﻖ ﻬ َ ْ ﹶﻬ َﻛ ﹶ ﻠ ُ ﹸﻞ ﺷ ْ ٍ َﻠ ﻤ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٦٢[.‬
  • 16. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٠٢‬ ‫ﻏﻴﻆ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣﺜ ﹸ ُﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺈْﻧﺠﹺﻴﻞ ﻛﺰﺭﻉ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺷﻄﺄ ُ ﻓﺂﺯﺭﻩُ ﻓﹶﺎﺳْـﺘﻐﻠﻆ‬‫َ ْﹶ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹶ َ ْ ﹴ ْ َ َ َ ﹾﹶﻩ ﹶ َ َ َ‬ ‫َ َﹶﻠﻬ ْ‬‫ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﻮَﻯ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ُﻮﻗﻪ ُﻌﺠ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱡ ﱠﺍﻉ ِﻟﻴﻐِﻴﻆ ﹺﺑﻬ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ﱠﺎﺭ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َْ َ ﺳ ِ ِ ﻳ ْ ﹺﺐ ﺰﺭ َ َ ﹶ ﹺﻢ ﹸﻔ َ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ‬‫ﺍﱠ ِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟ َﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﺃﺟْـ ًﺍ ﻋ ِﻴ ًـﺎ‪‬‬ ‫ﻟﺬ َ َ َﻨ َ َ ِﻠ ﺼ ﺤ ِ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ﹰ َ ﺮ َﻈ ﻤ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٩٢[.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺒﻂ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺭﲪﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﺑﺘﻜﻔﲑ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﻭﺍﻓﺾ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺒﻐﻀﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨـﻬﻢ ﻗـﺎﻝ: ﻷﻬﻧـﻢ‬ ‫ﻳﻐﻴﻈﻮﻬﻧﻢ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﻏﺎﻇﻪ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻓﻬﻮ ﻛﺎﻓﺮ ﳍﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ.‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﺃﻡ ﺟﻴﺶ؟:‬‫ﻫﻞ ﻛﺎﻥ ﳎﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﲝﻘﻴﻘـﺔ ﺍﻹﳝـﺎﻥ،‬‫ﻭﺃﺛﲎ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﺷﺪ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺪﻕ ﳎﺮﺩ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻗﻼﺋـﻞ ﻻ‬‫ﺗﻨﺘﺼﺮ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ، ﻭﻻ ﺗﻘﻮﻡ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ، ﺃﻭ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺿﺎﺭﺑﺔ ﻭﺟﻴﺸًـﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺍﺭًﺍ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺩﻋﻮﺓ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻭﺃﻗﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻛﺘﺎﻓﻬﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ؟‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﺎ ﲡﻴﺐ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺑﺪﻳﻬﻴﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻘـﻮﻝ ﻭﺣﻘـﺎﺋﻖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ!‬ ‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺍﻣﱳ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ﺃﻳﺪﻩ ﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻭﺑﺎﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ.‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳ ُﻭﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ َﻳﺨﺪ ُﻮﻙ ﻓﺈ ﱠ ﺣﺴﺒﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ُﻮ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﹶﺃﱠـﺪﻙ‬‫َ ﹾ ﺪ ﹾ ْ َﻋ َ ﹶﹺﻥ َ َْ َ ﻠ ُ ﻫ َ ﻟ ﻳ َ َ‬ ‫ﹺﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻭﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: [‬ ‫َ ْ ﹺ ِ َ ْ ِﹺ َ‬‫ﻓﻼ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﻧﺼﺎﺑًﺎ ﺗﺘﺤﻘﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮﺓ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻯ‬
  • 17. ‫١٢‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻮﺍﺟﻬﺔ ﺃﻋﺪﺍﺀ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻋﺒﺜﹰﺎ ﻻ ﻃﺎﺋﻞ ﲢﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻮًﺍ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ.‬‫- ﻓﺎﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺷﻬﺪﻭﺍ ﺑﺪﺭًﺍ ﻭﺯﻛﻰ ﺍﷲ ﺇﳝﺎﻬﻧﻢ، ﻭﺳﺒﻖ ﺍﻟﻘـﻮﻝ ﻣﻨـﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﳍﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺟﻴﺸًﺎ ﻗﻮﺍﻣﻪ ﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ ﳎﺎﻫـﺪًﺍ ﻛﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﳋﺎﺻﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ.‬‫- ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺑﺎﻳﻌﻮﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﲢﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﺠﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﺘﺎﻝ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﻜـﺔ‬‫ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﺟﻴﺸًﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻯ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺗﻜﺎﻟﻴﻒ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻌﺔ. ﻭﻧﺼﺎﺑًﺎ ﻳﻜﻔﻲ ﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻛﺔ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺃﻭﺛﻖ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺃﺭﺑﻊ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ.‬‫- ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﻌﻮﺍ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺳﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺴﺮﺓ ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻮﺑﺘـﻪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺭﺃﻓﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﲪﺘﻪ ﻬﺑﻢ، ﻫﻞ ﻬﺗﻴﺌﻮﺍ ﳊﺮﺏ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺧﺮﺟـﻮﺍ ﻣـﻊ‬‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻘﺘﺎﳍﻢ ﻭﻫﻢ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺠﺎﻭﺯﻭﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺃﺻﺎﺑﻊ ﺍﻟﻴﺪﻳﻦ ﺃﻭ ﻻ‬‫ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﺟﻴﺸًﺎ ﻋﻈﻴﻤًﺎ ﻳﺮﺟﻰ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻮﺍﺟﻪ ﻋﺪﻭﺍ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺃﺷﺮﺱ ﺍﻷﻋﺪﺍﺀ ﻭﻳﻔﺘﻚ ﺑﺄﻋﻈﻢ ﻗﻮﺓ ﻭﺃﻛﱪ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ؟‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﺪﺩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﳓﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﻨﻘـﻞ‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻀﺎﺑﻂ ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ. ﻭﻟﻘﺪ ﺧﺴﺮ ﻗﻮﻡ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ، ﻭﻛـﺎﺑﺮﻭﺍ‬‫ﺍﳊﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﻓﺰﻋﻤﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺒﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ‬‫ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺇﻻ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ، ﺃﻭ ﺇﻻ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻷﻛﺜﺮ، ﻭﻧﺴﺒﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﻗﲔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺇﱃ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﺓ.‬‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﺃﻭﻟﺌﻚ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻫـﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳـﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﻨـﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﳊﻘـﺎﺋﻖ‬‫ﺍﻟﺮﺍﺳﺨﺎﺕ؟! ﻭﻫﻞ ﳝﻜﻦ ﲣﺮﻳﺞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﺮﻳﺎﺕ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﻄﻌﻦ‬
  • 18. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٢٢‬‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺸﻜﻴﻚ ﰲ ﺻﺤﺘﻪ؟ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻌﻞ ﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﺍﺭﺗﻜﺲ ﻓﻴـﻪ‬‫ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﻏﻼﻬﺗﻢ ﺣﱴ ﺃﻟﻒ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺍﳌﻄﻮﻻﺕ ﰲ ﺇﺛﺒـﺎﺕ ﲢﺮﻳـﻒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ!!‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻼﻓﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﺩﻻﻟﺘﻪ:‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ‪ ‬ﺑﺄﻥ ﳚﻌﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺧﻠﻔـﺎﺀ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ،‬‫ﻭﺃﻥ ﳝﻜﻦ ﳍﻢ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺭﺗﻀﺎﻩ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﺒﺪﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺧـﻮﻓﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﻣﻨًﺎ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﻣِـﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹸـﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺎِﻟﺤَﺎﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ِﻠ‬ ‫َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ‬‫ﹶﻟﻴﺴﺘﺨﻠﻔﱠﻬُﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻛﻤَﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻴُﻤ ﱢﻨ ﱠ‬‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹶ َْ ْ ﹶ َ ﻟ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ َ َﻜَﻦ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﹶﻨ ْ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺩِﻳﻨ ُ ُ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﺍﺭَﺗﻀَﻰ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟُﺒ ﱢﹶﻟﱠ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﺧَـﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻣﻨًـﺎ‬ ‫ِْ ﹺ ْ ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ﻴَﺪ ﻨﻬ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ َﻬﻢ ﻟ‬‫َﻳﻌﺒ ُﻭَﻧﻨﹺﻲ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺸﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﻲ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ َﺑﻌﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ُـﻢ‬‫َ ْ َ َ ْ ﹶ ﹶ َ ْ َ ﹶ َ ﹶﺄ ِ َ ﻫ ُ‬ ‫ْ ﹺﻛ ﹶ‬ ‫ُْﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٥٥[.‬ ‫ِﻘ ﹶ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﲢﻘﻖ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﳍﻢ ﻓﺈﻧﻪ ‪ ‬ﱂ ﳝﺖ ﺣﱴ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ‬‫ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭﺧﻴﱪ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺤﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺳﺎﺋﺮ ﺟﺰﻳﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺏ ﻭﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻴﻤﻦ ﺑﻜﻤﺎﳍـﺎ.‬‫ﻭﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﳉﺰﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﳎﻮﺱ ﻫﺠﺮ ﻭﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺃﻃﺮﺍﻑ ﺍﻟﺸـﺎﻡ، ﻭﻫـﺎﺩﺍﻩ‬‫ﻣﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﻭﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﻣﺼﺮ ﺍﳌﻘﻮﻗﺲ ﻭﻣﻠﻮﻙ ﻋﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺠﺎﺷﻲ ﻣﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﳊﺒﺸﺔ.‬‫ﰒ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺧﻠﻴﻔﺘﻪ ﺃﺑﻮ ﺑﻜﺮ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨـﻪ‬‫ﻓﺒﻌﺚ ﺟﻴﻮﺵ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ ﺻﺤﺒﺔ ﺧﺎﻟﺪ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﺭﺿﻲ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓﻔﺘﺤﻮﺍ ﻃﺮﻓﹰﺎ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻠﻮﺍ ﺧﻠﻘﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻠﻬﺎ، ﻭﺟﻴﺸًـﺎ ﺁﺧـﺮ‬
  • 19. ‫٣٢‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺻﺤﺒﺔ ﺃﰊ ﻋﺒﻴﺪﺓ ﺇﱃ ﺃﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻓﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻪ ﺑﺼﺮﻯ ﻭﺩﻣﺸﻖ، ﻭﺛﺎﻟﺜﹰﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺒﺔ ﻋﻤﺮﻭ ﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﺹ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺼﺮ، ﰒ ﺗﻮﻓﺎﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ.‬‫ﻓﻘﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺭﻭﻕ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻗﻴﺎﻣًـﺎ ﱂ ﻳـﺪﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻠﻚ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﰲ ﻗﻮﺓ ﺳﲑﺗﻪ ﻭﻛﻤﺎﻝ ﻋﺪﻟﻪ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﰎ ﰲ‬‫ﺃﻳﺎﻣﻪ ﻓﺘﺢ ﺍﻟﺒﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻣﻴﺔ ﺑﻜﻤﺎﳍﺎ، ﻭﺩﻳﺎﺭ ﻣﺼﺮ ﻋﻦ ﺁﺧﺮﻫـﺎ ﻭﺃﻛﺜـﺮ‬‫ﺇﻗﻠﻴﻢ ﻓﺎﺭﺱ، ﻭﻛﺴﺮ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﻭﺃﻫﺎﻧﻪ ﻏﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳍﻮﺍﻥ، ﻭﻛﺴـﺮ ﻗﻴﺼـﺮ‬‫ﻭﺍﻧﺘﺰﻉ ﻳﺪﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺸﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﳓﺪﺭ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﺴﻄﻨﻄﻴﻨﻴﺔ ، ﻭﺃﻧﻔﻖ ﺃﻣﻮﺍﳍﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ.‬‫ﰒ ﻗﺎﻡ ﺑﺎﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ، ﻭﰲ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺕ‬‫ﺍﳌﻤﺎﻟﻚ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻣﻴﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﻣﺸﺎﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﻐﺎﺭﻬﺑﺎ، ﻓﻔﺘﺤﺖ ﺑﻼﺩ‬‫ﺍﳌﻐﺮﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺃﻗﺼﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﺎﻟﻚ ﻭﻗﱪﺹ ﻭﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﻘﲑﻭﺍﻥ ﻭﻏﲑﻫﺎ، ﻭﻣـﻦ‬‫ﻧﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﺸﺮﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺑﻼﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﲔ، ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﻛﺴﺮﻯ ﻭﺑﺎﺩ ﻣﻠﻜـﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻠﻴـﺔ‬‫ﻭﻓﺘﺤﺖ ﻣﺪﺍﺋﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﺮﺍﻕ ﻭﺧﺮﺍﺳﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻷﻫﻮﺍﺯ، ﻭﻗﺘﻞ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻙ ﻣﻘﺘﻠﺔ ﻋﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺟﺪًﺍ، ﻭﺧﺬﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻠﻜﻬﻢ ﺍﻷﻋﻈﻢ ﺧﺎﻗﺎﻥ، ﻭﺟﱯ‬‫ﺍﳋﺮﺍﺝ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻕ ﻭﺍﳌﻐﺎﺭﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺣﻀﺮﺓ ﺃﻣﲑ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﺑـﻦ‬‫ﻋﻔﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺑﱪﻛﺔ ﺗﻼﻭﺗﻪ ﻭﺩﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ ﻭﲨﻌﻪ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ.‬ ‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﻫﻲ ﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺣﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ؟‬‫ﺃﻭﻻ: ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﳍﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﲔ ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻭﻋﻤـﻞ ﺍﻟﺼـﺎﳊﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺣﻴﺪ ﺍﳋﺎﻟﺺ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﻣِـﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹸـﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺎِﻟﺤَﺎﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ِﻠ‬ ‫َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ‬
  • 20. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٤٢‬‫ﹶﻟﻴﺴﺘﺨﻠﻔﱠ ُﻢ ِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻛ َﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﱠـ ِﻳﻦ ِـﻦ ﹶـﺒﻠﻬﻢ‪‬‬ ‫َ َْ ْ ِ ﹶﻨﻬ ْ ﻓ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹶﻤ َْ ْ ﹶ َ ﻟ ﺬ َ ﻣ ْ ﻗ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٥٥[.‬‫ﺛﺎﻧﻴًﺎ: ﺻﺤﺔ ﺇﻣﺎﻣﻪ ﺍﻷﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﻌﺔ، ﻷﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻗﺪ ﻭﻋـﺪ‬‫ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﺨﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﻤﻠﻮﺍ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﺎﺕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺎﺿﺮﻳﻦ ﰲ ﺯﻣﻦ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ ‪ ،‬ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ‪ ‬ﻫـﺆﻻﺀ ﻷﻥ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻼﻑ ﻏﲑﻩ ﻻ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺑﻌﺪﻩ، ﻭﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻻ ﻧـﱯ ﺑﻌـﺪﻩ ‪‬‬‫ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﺮﺍﺩ ﻬﺑـﺬﺍ ﺍﻻﺳـﺘﺨﻼﻑ ﻃﺮﻳﻘـﺔ ﺍﻹﻣﺎﻣـﺔ، ﻭﻣﻌﻠـﻮﻡ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﺍﻻﺳﺘﺨﻼﻑ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﰎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻋﻠﻰ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻮﺻﻒ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬‫ﰲ ﺃﻳﺎﻡ ﺃﰊ ﺑﻜﺮ ﻭﻋﻤﺮ ﻭﻋﺜﻤﺎﻥ ﻷﻥ ﰲ ﺃﻳﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻮﺡ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ‬‫ﻭﺣﺼﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻜﲔ ﻭﻇﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻦ، ﻭﱂ ﳛﺼﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺃﻳـﺎﻡ‬‫ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻷﻧﻪ ﱂ ﻳﺘﻔﺮﻍ ﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺎﺭ ﻻﺷﺘﻐﺎﻟﻪ ﲟﺤﺎﺭﺑﺔ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺧﺎﻟﻔﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺒﻠﺔ ﻓﺜﺒﺖ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺩﻻﻟﺔ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻﺤﺔ ﺧﻼﻓﺔ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ.‬‫ﺛﺎﻟﺜﹰﺎ: ﺇﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻣﻜﻨﻪ ﺍﷲ ﳍﺆﻻﺀ ﻭﺃﺫﺍﻋﻮﻩ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺸـﺎﺭﻕ‬‫ﻭﺍﳌﻐﺎﺭﺏ ﻫﻮ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳊﻖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺭﺗﻀﺎﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺃﻗﺮﻩ، ﻗـﻞ ﺗﻌـﺎﱃ:‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻴُﻤ ﱢﻨ ﱠ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺩِﻳﻨ ُ ُ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﺍﺭَﺗﻀَﻰ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٥٥[.‬ ‫ُْ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫َ َﻜَﻦ ُ ْ َﻬﻢ ﻟ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻵﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ:‬‫ﻣﺎ ﺗﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻤﻦ ﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﲢﲔ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﺎﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬‫ﲢﻘﻖ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺃﻬﻧـﻢ‬‫ﻛﻔﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻧﺸﺮﻭﻩ ﻭﺍﳌﺼـﺤﻒ‬‫ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺭﻓﻌﻮﻩ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻣﻦ ﺩﻳﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻻ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺷﻲﺀ؟‬
  • 21. ‫٥٢‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﺤﺎﻧﻚ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻬﺑﺘﺎﻥ ﻋﻈﻴﻢ!‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ:‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﳏﻤﺪ ‪ ‬ﺑﺎﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﻻ ﺗﻘـﻒ‬‫ﻋﻨﺪ ﺣﺪﻭﺩ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ، ﺑﻞ ﲤﺘﺪ ﻟﺘﺸﻤﻞ ﺣﺴﻦ ﺍﳋﺎﲤﺔ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺕ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ ، ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﺘﺒﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺿـﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺣﺴـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺜﻮﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﻥ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ ﱠﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَـﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَـﺎﺭ‬‫ﹺ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻘ ﹶ ﹶﻭ ﻟ ﹶ ِ َ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ‬‫ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺣﺴَﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﺍ ﻋﻨ ُ ﻭﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‬‫ﻟ َ ﺗَﻌ ُ ْ ﹺ ْ ٍ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َﺿ َ ْﻪ َ َﺪ ُ ْ‬‫ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠ ﹺﻱ َﺗﺤﺘ َﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧ َﺎﺭ َﺎِﻟﺪﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ ﹶﺃَﺑ ًﺍ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ِﻴﻢ‪‬‬ ‫َﻨ ٍ ْﺮ َْﻬ ﹶ ﻬ ُ ﺧ ِ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﺪ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ُ َﻈ ُ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٠١[.‬‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﳜﱪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻋﻦ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﲔ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺑﻌﲔ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﺭﺿﺎﻫﻢ ﲟﺎ ﺃﻋﺪﻩ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺟﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ، ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﲏ ﺍﳌﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﳏﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﻘـﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻳﺴﺒﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﲜﻨـﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﳋﻠﺪ ﻭﻓﻮﺯ ﺍﻷﺑﺪ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻣﻌ ُ ﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ‬‫ِ ﹺ ﺮﺳ ﹸ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﻪ َﺪ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ‬‫ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﹶﻟ ُ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻴﺮَﺍﺕ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻔﻠ ُﻮﻥ * ﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ‬‫َﺃ ِ َ ﻬﻢ َ ْ ُ َﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ﹾ ِﺤ ﹶ َﺪ ﻠ ُ ﻬ ْ‬‫ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠ ﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘ َﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧ َﺎﺭ َﺎِﻟ ِﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ِﻴﻢ‪‬‬ ‫َﻨ ٍ ْﺮ ِ ْ ِْﻬ ﹶ ﻬ ُ ﺧ ﺪ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ُ َﻈ ُ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٨٨-٩٨[.‬
  • 22. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٦٢‬‫ﻭﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻭﻋﺪ ﻛﺮﱘ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻟﻠﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﻣﻌـﻪ‬‫ﺑﺎﳋﲑﺍﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻰ ﰲ ﺟﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺩﻭﺱ. ﻓﻬﻞ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬‫ﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﺳﲑﺗﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻘﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻮﺕ ﻧﺒﻴﻬﻢ؟! ﻭﻫـﻞ‬‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩًﺍ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﻋﻤـﻮﻥ ﺃﻭ ﺟﻴﺸًـﺎ‬‫ﲢﻘﻖ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺍﷲ ﻭﲤﻜﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻑ ﰲ ﻭﺟﻪ ﺟﺤﺎﻓﻞ ﺍﻟﺮﻭﻡ ﺃﻗـﻮﻯ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺩﻭﻟﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺍﻟﺰﻣﺎﻥ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﺃﺟﻌﻠﺘُﻢ ﺳﻘﹶﺎَﻳﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﺤَﺎ ﱢ ﻭﻋﻤَﺎﺭﺓ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺴﺠﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺮَﺍﻡ ﻛﻤﻦ ﺁﻣَـﻦ‬‫ََﹾ ْ ِ ﹶ ﺝ َ ِ َﹶ َ ْ ﹺ ِ َ ﹺ ﹶ َ ْ َ َ‬‫ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫﺪ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺴﺘ ُﻭﻥ ﻋﻨْـﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ ْ َﻮ ﹶ ِ َ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﻠِ َ ْﹺ َ ِ ﹺ َ َ َ‬‫ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﻬﺪِﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ * ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫَﺎﺟ ُﻭﺍ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َ ﻈ ِ َ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﺮ َ َﺪ‬ ‫ﻠُ ْ‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻋﻈ ُ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌِـﻚ‬‫َ‬ ‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ ْ ﹶﻢ َ َ َ ﹰ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ َﺃ‬‫ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎِﺋ ُﻭﻥ * ُﺒ ﱢ ُ ُﻢ ﺭﱡﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻨ ُ ﻭﺭﺿﻮَﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﱠﺎﺕ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ‬‫ُ ُ ﺰ ﹶ ﻳَﺸﺮﻫ ْ َﺑ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ٍ ِ ْﻪ َ ﹺ ْ ٍ َ َﻨ ٍ ﻬ ْ‬‫ِﻴ َﺎ َﻧ ِﻴ ٌ ﻣ ِﻴ ٌ * َﺎِﻟ ِﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ ﹶﺃَﺑ ًﺍ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﺪ ُ ﹶﺃﺟْـ ٌ ﻋ ِـﻴ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫ﺮ َﻈ ﻢ‬ ‫ﻓ ﻬ ﻌ ﻢ ُﻘ ﻢ ﺧ ﺪ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﺪ ﻥ ﻠ َ ِ ْ َﻩ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٩١-٢٢[.‬‫ﻭﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ‪ ‬ﺍﻟـﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﻨـﻮﺍ‬‫ﻭﻫﺎﺟﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﺟﺎﻫﺪﻭﺍ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺄﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﻭﻋﻈـﻴﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ، ﻭﻳﺒﺸﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﲪﺔ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻘﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺟﻨـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ.‬‫ﺃﻓﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﻭﺗﻠﻚ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠـﻢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻬﻧـﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﲑﺗﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺩﻳﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﳝﻮﺗﻮﻥ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻛﻔﺎﺭ؟‬‫ﻭﻫﻞ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺇﻻ‬
  • 23. ‫٧٢‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺬﻳﺐ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺃﻭ ﲡﻬﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺣﻴﺚ ﻗﺪ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻣًﺎ ﱂ ﻳﺪﺭ ﰈ ﳜﺘﻢ ﳍﻢ؟ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻮًﺍ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻣﺤ ﱠ ٌ ﺭ ُﻮﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻌ ُ ﹶﺃﺷ ﱠﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ﱠﺎﺭ ُﺣ َـﺎ ُ‬‫ﹸﻔ ﹺ ﺭ َﻤ ﺀ‬ ‫ُ َﻤﺪ َﺳ ﹸ ﻠ ِ ﻟ َ َ َﻪ ِﺪ ُ َ‬‫َﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ َﺗﺮَﺍﻫﻢ ﺭ ﱠﻌًﺎ ﺳ ﱠﺪًﺍ َﻳﺒﺘ ُﻮﻥ ﻓﻀﻠﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭﺿﻮَﺍﻧًﺎ ﺳِﻴﻤَﺎﻫﻢ‬‫ُْ‬ ‫َْ ُ ْ ُ ْ ُﻛ ُﺠ َْﻐ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ِ َ ﻠ ِ َ ﹺ ْ‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﻭ ُﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﹶﺛﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱡ ُﻮﺩ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻣﺜ ﹸ ُﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟﱠﻮﺭَﺍﺓ ﻭﻣﺜ ﹸ ُﻢ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﺘ ْ ِ َ َﹶﻠﻬ ْ‬ ‫ُﺟ ِ ﹺ ْ ِ ْ ﹺ ﺴﺠ ِ ﹶ َ َﹶﻠﻬ ْ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺈْﻧﺠﹺﻴﻞ ﻛﺰﺭﻉ ﹶﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺷﻄﺄ ُ ﻓﺂﺯﺭﻩُ ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﻐﻠﻆ ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﻮَﻯ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ُﻮﻗﻪ‬‫ﹺ ﹺ ﹶ َ ْ ﹴ ْ َ َ َ ﹾﹶﻩ ﹶ َ َ َ َْ ْ ﹶ ﹶ َْ َ ﺳ ِ ِ‬‫ُﻌﺠ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱡ ﱠﺍﻉ ِﻟﻴﻐِﻴﻆ ﹺﺑﻬ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ﱠﺎﺭ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹸـﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻳ ْ ﹺﺐ ﺰﺭ َ َ ﹶ ﹺﻢ ﹸﻔ َ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َ ِﻠ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤَﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﺃﺟﺮًﺍ ﻋﻈِﻴﻤًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٩٢[.‬ ‫ِ ِْ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ﹰ َ ْ َ‬ ‫ﺼ‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺑﻜﺜـﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﺼـﻼﺓ ،‬‫ﻭﺑﺈﺧﻼﺻﻬﻢ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻭﺍﺣﺘﺴﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﻋﻨﺪﻩ ﺟﺰﻳﻞ ﺍﻟﺜـﻮﺍﺏ، ﰒ‬‫ﻭﺻﻔﻬﻢ ﲝﺴﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﻜﺲ ﺧﻠـﻮﺹ ﻧﻴـﺎﻬﺗﻢ ﻭﺣﺴـﻦ‬‫ﺃﻋﻤﺎﳍﻢ، ﰒ ﻭﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﻠﻪ ﺑﺎﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﺮ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻢ. ﻭﻭﻋﺪﻩ‬‫ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺣﻖ ﻭﺻﺪﻕ ﻻ ﳜﻠﻒ ﻭﻻ ﻳﺒﺪﻝ. ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻘﻄﻊ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺼـﺪﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﻣﺎﺗﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺴﺘﻮﹺﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﻋ ُﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻏﻴْـﺮ ﹸﻭﻟِـﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺮﺭ‬‫ﻀ َﹺ‬ ‫ِﺪ ﹶ ِ َ ْ ِﹺ َ ﹶ ُ ﺃ‬ ‫َْ‬‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺠَﺎﻫ ُﻭﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﺴِـﻬﻢ ﻓ ﱠـﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ﹸ ﹺ ْ ﹶﻀ ﹶ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ُ ِﺪ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟ ُ َﺎﻫﺪِﻳﻦ ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﻋﺪِﻳﻦ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻭﻛ ًّﺎ ﻭﻋَـﺪ‬‫ِ َ َ َ َ ﹰ َ ﹸﻠ َ َ‬ ‫ﻤﺠ ِ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ َ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴَﻰ ﻭﻓ ﱠﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟ ُ َﺎﻫ ِﻳﻦ ﻋ ﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶﺎﻋ ِﻳﻦ ﹶﺃﺟ ًﺍ ﻋ ِﻴ ًﺎ‪‬‬ ‫ﻠ ُ ُ ْﻨ َ ﹶﻀ ﹶ ﻠ ُ ﻤﺠ ِﺪ َ َﻠ ﻘ ِﺪ َ ْﺮ َﻈ ﻤ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٥٩[.‬
  • 24. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٨٢‬‫ﻓﺘﺬﻛﺮ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺗﻔﻀﻴﻞ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺎﻫﺪﻳﻦ ﺑﺄﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻧﻔﺴـﻬﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺎﻋﺪﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻏﲑ ﺃﻭﱄ ﺍﻟﻀﺮﺭ، ﻭﺗﻌﺪ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ ﺑﺎﳊﺴﲎ ، ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻭﺍﳉﺰﺍﺀ ﺍﳉﻠﻴﻞ ، ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﺭﺟﺎﺕ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ، ﻭﻭﻋﺪ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﺻﺪﻕ ﻻ ﻳﺘﺨﻠﻒ، ﻓﻬﻞ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﻗﻮﻣًﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺃﻬﻧـﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﲑﺗﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻋﻘﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﻭﳝﻮﺗﻮﻥ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻛﻔﺎﺭ؟‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹶﺃﱠﺎ ُﻨﻔ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣﲑَﺍﺙ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻤَﺎﻭَﺍﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫َ ﹺ ﻠِ َ ﻠِ ِ ﹸ ﺴ‬ ‫َ ﹸ ْ ﻟ ﺗ ْ ِﻘ‬‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺴﺘﻮﹺﻱ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃْﻧﻔﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻭﻗﹶﺎَﺗﻞ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌِـﻚ‬‫َ‬ ‫َْ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ﹶ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹶ ْ ﹺ َ ﹶ ﺃ‬ ‫ﹶْ ﹺ‬‫ﹶﺃﻋﻈ ُ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﹶﺃْﻧﻔ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌ ُ ﻭﻗﹶﺎَﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻭﻛ ًّﺎ ﻭﻋَـﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫ْ ﹶﻢ َ َ َ ﹰ ِ َ ﻟ َ ﹶﻘ ِ ْ ْﺪ َ ﻠ َ ﹸﻠ َ َ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨَﻰ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ َﺗﻌﻤ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺧﺒ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ: ٠١[.‬ ‫ْ َﻠ ﹶ َﹺﲑ‬ ‫ﻠُ‬ ‫ُْ‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﻖ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻭﻗﺎﺗﻞ ﺃﻋﻈﻢ ﺩﺭﺟﺔ‬‫ﳑﻦ ﺃﻧﻔﻖ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ، ﰒ ﻭﻋﺪﺕ ﺍﳉﻤﻴﻊ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﺑﺎﳊﺴـﲎ: ﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﻔﻘﲔ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﻭﺑﻌﺪﻩ ﻭﺇﻥ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ ﺗﻔﺎﻭﺕ ﰲ ﺗﻔﺎﺿﻞ ﺍﳉﺰﺍﺀ.‬‫ﻭﻧﻌﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻭﺭﺩﻧﺎﻩ ﺁﻧﻔﹰﺎ: ﻫﻞ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﳊﺴـﲎ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻣًﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺇﻬﻧﻢ ﳝﻮﺗﻮﻥ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻛﻔﺎﺭ؟‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺁﻣﻨﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻜﺘـﺎﺏ: ‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﺳﻤ ُﻮﺍ ﻣَﺎ ﹸْﻧﺰﻝ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ َﺗﺮَﻯ ﹶﺃﻋُﻨ ُﻢ َﺗﻔِﻴﺾ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻣﻊ ﻣ ﱠـﺎ‬ ‫ُ ِ َ ﺪ ْ ﹺ ِﻤ‬ ‫ْﻴَﻬ ْ‬ ‫ﺮﺳ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺃﹺﹶ‬ ‫َ ِﻌ‬‫ﻋﺮ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱢ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺁﻣﱠﺎ ﻓﹶﺎﻛﺘﺒﻨَﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﻫﺪِﻳﻦ * ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ‬ ‫َ َﻓ ِ َ َﻖ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َﺑ َ َﻨ ﹾُ ْ َ َ ﺸ ِ َ َ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ ُﺆﻣ ُ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﺟَﺎﺀﻧَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱢ ﻭَﻧﻄﻤ ُ ﹶﺃﻥ ُﻳﺪﺧﻠﻨَﺎ ﺭﱡﻨَﺎ ﻣﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ‬‫َ ِ َ َﻖ َ ﹾ َ ﻊ ﹾ ْ ِ ﹶ َﺑ َ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻧ ْ ِﻦ ﻠ ِ َ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ * ﻓﺄﺛﹶﺎَﺑ ُ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠﺮﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘﻬَﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﻬَﺎﺭ‬‫ﻟ َﻨ ٍ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ ﹶ ُ‬ ‫ﺼ ِ َ ﹶ ﹶ ﻬﻢ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ﺧَﺎِﻟﺪِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ﻭﺫِﻟﻚ ﺟﺰَﺍﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺤﺴﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﺎﺋﺪﺓ: ٣٨ – ٥٨[.‬ ‫َ ﹶ َ َ ُ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫َ‬
  • 25. ‫٩٢‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﻫﻨﺎ ﺃﻳﻀًﺎ ﻧﻌﻴﺪ ﻧﻔﺲ ﺍﻟﺴﺆﺍﻝ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻖ؛ ﻫﻞ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺎﻹﺣﺴﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﻳﻘﻀﻲ ﺑﺎﳋﻠﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺳﺒﻖ ﰲ ﻋﻠﻤﻪ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻳﺮﺗـﺪﻭﻥ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﺃﻋﻘﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻭ ﳝﻮﺗﻮﻥ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻛﻔﺎﺭ؟؟!!‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺗﺄﻛﺪ ﺍﻟﻮﻋﺪ ﳍﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﰲ ﻣﻮﺍﺿﻊ ﺃﺧـﺮﻯ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ، ﻓﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻴﻬﻢ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇ ﱠ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘَﺎﺏ ﹶﻟﻤﻦ ُﺆﻣ ُ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﹸْﻧﺰﻝ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﻣَـﺎ‬ ‫َ ﻥ ِ ْ ْ ﹺ ِ ﹺ َ ْ ﻳ ْ ِﻦ ﻠ ِ َ ﺃ ﹺ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ‬‫ﹸْﻧﺰﻝ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﺧَﺎﺷﻌﲔ ِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺸﺘ ُﻭﻥ ﹺﺑﺂﻳَﺎﺕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺛﻤﻨًﺎ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌِـﻚ‬‫َ‬ ‫ْ َﺮ ﹶ َ ِ ﻠ ِ َ ﹶ ﺃ‬ ‫ﺃ ﹺ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ِِ َ ﻠِ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﺟ ُ ُﻢ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﱢﻬﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺳﺮﹺﻳﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴَـﺎﺏ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤـﺮﺍﻥ:‬ ‫ﹺ‬ ‫ُ ْ ْﺮﻫ ْ ِ ْ َ َﺑ ﹺ ْ ﻥ ﻠ َ َ ُ ِ‬ ‫٩٩١[.‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ: ‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁَﺗﻴﻨَﺎﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﺘَﺎﺏ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻪ ﻫﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ ُﻳﺆﻣُﻮﻥ * ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ ْ ُ ُ ِ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ِ ُ ْ ِ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ َ‬‫ُﻳﺘﻠﹶﻰ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺁﻣﱠﺎ ﹺﺑﻪ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱡ ﻣﻦ ﺭﱢﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻛﱠـﺎ ﻣِـﻦ ﻗﺒﻠِـﻪ‬‫ْ ﹶْ ِ‬ ‫ْ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ﻟ َ َﻨ ِ ﻧ ﻪ َ ﻖ ِ ْ َ ﺑ ﻧ ﹸ ﻨ‬‫ﻣُﺴﻠﻤﲔ * ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ُﺆَﺗﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﺟﺮﻫﻢ ﻣ ﱠَﺗﻴﻦ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﺻَـﺒ ُﻭﺍ ﻭﻳَـﺪﺭ ُﻭﻥ‬‫َﺮ َ ْ َﺀ ﹶ‬ ‫ْ ِ ِ َ ﺃ ِ َ ﻳ ْ ْ ﹶ ْ َ ُ ْ َﺮ ْ ﹺ‬ ‫ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟ ﱠﱢﺌﺔ ﻭﻣ ﱠﺎ ﺭﺯﻗﻨَﺎﻫﻢ ُﻳﻨﻔ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻘﺼﺺ: ٢٥-٤٥[.‬ ‫َ ََ ِ ﺴﻴﹶ ﹶ َ ِﻤ َ َ ﹾ ُ ْ ْ ِﻘ ﹶ‬
  • 26. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٠٣‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﺑﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺍﻷﺩﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﺳﻠﻔﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﰲ ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ، ﻭﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ‬‫ﺍﳊﺴﲎ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻘﻴﻢ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﻌﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻗﻄﻊ ﺍﻟﺪﻻﺋﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻧﻴﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺑﺮﺍﺀﻬﺗﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺣﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﳌﻔﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻪ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺇﻟﺼﺎﻗﻪ ﻬﺑـﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻤﺪﻳﻦ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷﺒﻬﺔ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ.‬‫ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﺑﻞ ﺗﻮﻋﺪﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﺭﻙ ﺍﻷﺳﻔﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬ ‫- ‪َ‬ﺑ ﱢﺮ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨَﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﹺﺑﺄ ﱠ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍﺑًﺎ ﹶﺃﻟِﻴﻤًﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٨٣١[.‬ ‫ﺸ ﹺ ُ ِ ِ َ ﹶﻥ ُ ْ َ‬‫- ‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨَﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺭﻙ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺭ ﻭﹶﻟﻦ َﺗﺠﺪ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ‬‫ﺪ ْ ِ ﹶ ْﹶ ﹺ ِ َ ﻨ ﹺ َ ْ ﹺ َ ﻬ ْ‬ ‫ﻥ ُ ِِ َ‬ ‫َﻧﺼﲑًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٥٤١[.‬ ‫ِ‬‫ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺑﺸﺮ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ‪ ‬ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ: ﺑﺸﺮ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺗﺒـﻮﻙ ﻭﻗـﺪ‬‫ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ، ﻭﺑﺸﺮ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺑﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺃﺭﺑـﻊ‬‫ﻋﺸﺮﺓ ﻣﺎﺋﺔ، ﻭﺑﺸﺮ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺑﺪﺭ ﻭﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﺛﻼﲦﺎﺋﺔ ﻭﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻋﺸﺮ. ﻓﻬﻞ‬‫ﻳﺼﺢ ﺇﻥ ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺇﱃ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳉﻴﻮﺵ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻭﺭﺩﺕ ﺑﺄﻬﻧﺎ‬‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺎﺭﺍﺕ ﺇﻻ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺬﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺃﻭ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﻨـﺎﻗﺾ‬‫ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ. ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻮًﺍ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ، ﺇﺫ ﻛﻴﻒ ﳜﺎﻃﺒﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﺾ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺑﺎﳋﻠﻮﺩ ﰲ ﺍﳉﻨﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﳜﺎﻃﺒﻬﻢ ﺑﻌﻀﻪ ﺍﻵﺧـﺮ ﺑـﺎﳋﻠﻮﺩ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺭ؟!‬‫ﺃﻣﺎ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﺑﺎﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻓﻬﻲ ﺷﺒﻬﺔ ﺃﻭ ﻫﻲ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻴـﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﻨﻜﺒﻮﺕ ﻷﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﱂ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﺷﺒﺤًﺎ ﳎﻬﻮﻻ ﰲ ﻛﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ، ﻭﱂ‬ ‫ﹰ‬
  • 27. ‫١٣‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﺑﺎﻟﻄﺒﻊ ﻫﻢ ﺳﻮﺍﺩﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻡ ﻭﲨﻬﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻟﺐ، ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻗﻠﺔ‬‫ﻣﺮﺫﻭﻟﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ ﻗﺪ ﺁﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳋﺰﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻀﻴﺤﺔ ﻓﻌﻠـﻢ ﺑﻌﻀـﻬﻢ‬‫ﺑﺄﻋﻴﺎﻧﻪ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺍﻵﺧﺮ ﺑﺄﻭﺻﺎﻓﻪ، ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻫﻢ ﺻﺎﻧﻌﻲ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ‬‫ﰲ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ، ﻭﻻ ﻗﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺭﺍﻬﺗﺎ ﻭﻓﺘﻮﺣﺎﻬﺗﺎ، ﺑﻞ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺮﻓـﻮﺍ ﰲ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﳜﻬﺎ ﻛﻠﻪ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻜﻮﺹ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺂﻣﺮ ﻭﺳﻮﻑ ﻧﻨﺎﻗﺶ ﺍﻟﺮﺩ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺒﻬﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﺘﻔﺼﻴﻞ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺳﻄﺮ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﻟﻴﺔ.‬
  • 28. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٢٣‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻣﺮﺫﻭﻟﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﻋﻼﻣﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻝ ﻭﺍﻟﻘﻠﺔ‬‫ﱂ ﺗﻌﺮﻑ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﰲ ﻣﻜﺔ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﺍﻳﺔ ﻇﻬﻮﺭﻫـﺎ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ.‬‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺗﻌﲏ ﲤﻜﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻭﻏﻠﺒﺔ ﺃﻫﻠﻪ ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﻳﻠﻘﻲ ﺍﳌﻨـﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ‬‫ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻠﻢ ﺭﻏﺒﺔ ﺃﻭ ﺭﻫﺒﺔ ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺍﻧﻄﻮﺕ ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺮ ﺑـﻪ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺨﺮﻳﺔ ﻣﻨﻪ. ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺬﻟﺔ ﻟﺪﺭﺟﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻌﺠﺰ ﻋﻦ ﺇﻋﻼﻥ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺴﺮﻭﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺘﻈـﺎﻫﺮ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﲔ ﻭﻣﻨﺎﺟﺰﻬﺗﻢ ؛ ﻭﳍﺬﺍ ﺑﻘﻲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺣﺒﻴﺴًﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻠـﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻻ‬ ‫ﻳﺸﻲ ﺑﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻓﻠﺘﺎﺕ ﺍﻷﻗﻮﺍﻝ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺎ ﳝﺮ ﺑﺎﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﻫﻮﺍﻝ.‬ ‫ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﺄﻥ ﻳﻜﺸﻒ ﳍﻢ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ:‬‫ﻭﻟﻜﻲ ﻻ ﻳﺒﻘﻰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻋﻤﺎﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻣﺮ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ، ﻓﻘـﺪ‬‫ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺑﺄﻥ ﳝﻴﺰ ﳍﻢ ﺍﳋﺒﻴﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻄﻴﺐ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﻳﻬﺘﻚ‬‫ﳍﻢ ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﺇﻣﺎ ﺑﺄﻋﻴﺎﻬﻧﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺣـﺪﺙ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴـﺒﺔ ﻟﻠـﺒﻌﺾ ﺃﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﻭﺻﺎﻓﻬﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﺻﻞ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻣَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ِﻟﻴﺬﺭ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃْﻧﺘﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺣﱠـﻰ َﻳﻤِﻴـﺰ‬‫َ‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ﹶ ْ ِ َﺘ‬ ‫ﹶ ﻠ ُ َ ﹶ َ ْ ِﹺ َ َ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒﹺﻴﺚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﱢﺐ ﻭﻣَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ِﻟُﻄﻠﻌ ﹸﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻐﻴﺐ ﻭﹶﻟﻜ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‬‫ﹶ ﻠ ُ ﻴ ﹾ ِ َﻜ ْ َ َ ْ ﹺ َ ِﻦ ﻠ َ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ِ َ ﻄﻴ ﹺ َ‬‫َﻳﺠﺘﺒﹺﻲ ﻣﻦ ُ ُﻠﻪ ﻣﻦ َﻳﺸَﺎﺀ ﻓﺂﻣﻨُﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭ ُ ُﻠﻪ ﻭﹺﺇﻥ ُﺆﻣُﻮﺍ ﻭَﺗﱠ ﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻠ ِ َﺭ ﺳ ِ ِ َ ﹾ ﺗ ْ ِ ﻨ َ ﺘﻘ‬ ‫ْ َ ِ ْ ﺭﺳ ِ ِ َ ْ ُ ﹶ َ ِ‬ ‫ﻓﻠ ﹸﻢ ﹶﺃﺟ ٌ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٩٧١[.‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﻜ ْ ْﺮ َ ﻢ‬
  • 29. ‫٣٣‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺃﻱ ﻻ ﺑﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻌﻘﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﶈﻨﺔ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺑﻪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼـﺎﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻖ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺟﺮ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﺃﻡ ﺣﺴﺐ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﺮ ٌ ﹶﺃﻥ ﻟﹶـﻦ ُﻳﺨْـﺮﺝ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫ﹺَ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ْ َ ِ َ ﻟ َ ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ َ َﺽ ﹾ ْ‬‫ﹶﺃﺿﻐَﺎَﻧﻬﻢ * ﻭﹶﻟﻮ َﻧﺸَﺎﺀ ﹶﻟﺄﺭْﻳﻨَﺎﻛﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻌﺮﻓﺘﻬُﻢ ﹺﺑ ِﻴﻤَﺎ ُﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﺘﻌﺮﻓﱠﻬُﻢ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ُ ﹶ َ ﹶ ُ ْ ﹶ ﹶ َ َ ﹾ َ ْ ﺴ ﻫ ْ َ َ ْ ﹺ ﹶﻨ ْ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﺤﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ َﻳﻌﻠ ُ ﹶﺃﻋﻤَﺎﹶﻟﻜﻢ‪] ‬ﳏﻤﺪ: ٦٢-٠٣[.‬ ‫ْ ﹺ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﻠ ُ ْ ﹶﻢ ْ ﹸ ْ‬‫ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺸﺄ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻄﻠﻊ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ‪ ‬ﺑﺄﺷﺨﺎﺻﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺘﻌﻴﲔ ﺳﺘﺮًﺍ ﻣﻨـﻪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻠﻘﻪ، ﻭﲪﻼ ﻟﻸﻣﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻫﺎ، ﻭﺭﺩًﺍ ﻟﻠﺴﺮﺍﺋﺮ ﺇﱃ ﻋﺎﳌﻬـﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻪ ﻋﺮﻓﻪ ﻬﺑﻢ ﰲ ﳊﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺒﺪﻭ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻼﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺪﺍﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻣﻘﺎﺻﺪﻫﻢ، ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺁﻝ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﳋﺰﻱ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﻀـﻴﺤﺔ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌـﺪ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺧﺎﻓﻴًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ.‬ ‫ﺍﶈﻦ ﻭﺃﺛﺮﻫﺎ ﰲ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ:‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﻤﺤﻦ ﺍﳌﺘﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺗﻌﺮﺿﺖ ﳍﺎ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺃﺑﻠﻎ‬‫ﺍﻷﺛﺮ ﰲ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ، ﲝﻴﺚ ﱂ ﻳﻌﻮﺩﻭﺍ ﻛﻤﺎ ﳎﻬـﻮﻻ ﰲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫ﻏﻤﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺑﻞ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻣﺮﺫﻭﻟﺔ ﻗﺪ ﻋﺠﻞ ﺍﷲ ﳍﺎ ﺍﳋﺰﻱ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﻫﺘـﻚ‬ ‫ﺃﺳﺘﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻸ.‬ ‫ﻓﻔﻲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ ﺗﺒﺎﻳﻨﺖ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻒ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ.‬ ‫- ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻜﺎﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟ ﱠﺎ ﺭﹶﺃﻯ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺣﺰَﺍﺏ ﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﻣَﺎ ﻭﻋَـﺪﻧَﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ َ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ُ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ ﹶ ْ َ ﻟ َ‬ ‫َﻤ َ‬‫ﻭﺭ ُﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﻭﺻﺪﻕ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﻭ َﺎ َﺍﺩﻫﻢ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﹺﺇ َﺎًـﺎ ﻭَﺗﺴْـ ِﻴ ًﺎ‪‬‬ ‫َ َﺳ ُ َ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ َ َﺳ ُ َﻣ ﺯ َ ُ ْ ﻟ ﳝ ﻧ َ ﻠ ﻤ‬
  • 30. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٤٣‬ ‫]ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ: ٢٢[.‬‫- ﺃﻣﺎ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺄﻬﻧﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺣﻜﺎﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺑﻘﻮﻟـﻪ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫ َﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨَﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﺮ ٌ ﻣَﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻧَﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹾ ﻘ ﹸ ُ ِ ﹸ ﹶ ﻟ َ ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ َ َﺽ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ‬‫ﻭﺭ ُﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻏ ُﻭﺭًﺍ * ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﻗﹶﺎﹶﻟﺖ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔ ﹲ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﻫﻞ َﻳﺜﺮﺏ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻡ‬‫َ ﹾ ْ ﹶﺔ ِ ْ ُ ْ ْ ﹶ ﹾ ﹺ َ ُ َ‬ ‫َ َﺳ ُ ﻟ ﹸﺮ‬‫ْ َﺓ‬‫ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺭﺟ ُﻮﺍ ﻭَﻳﺴﺘﺄﺫﻥﹸ ﻓﺮﹺﻳ ٌ ﻣﻨ ُ ُ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱠ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ُﺑُﻮَﺗﻨَﺎ ﻋَـﻮﺭ ﹲ‬ ‫ﹸ ْ ْ ﹺﻌ َ َْ ﹾ ِ ﹶ ﻖ ِ ْﻬﻢ ﻨﹺﻲ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﻥ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻭﻣَﺎ ﻫﻲ ﹺﺑﻌﻮﺭﺓ ﹺﺇﻥ ُ ﹺﻳ ُﻭﻥ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﻓﺮَﺍﺭًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﺣﺰﺍﺏ: ٢١-٣١[.‬ ‫َ ِ َ َ ْ َ ٍ ﹾ ﻳﺮ ﺪ ﹶ ﻟ ِ‬ ‫ﻓﻜﺸﻔﺖ ﺍﻟﺸﺪﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﻧﻔﺎﻗﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳌﻸ.‬‫ﻭﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺗﺒﻮﻙ ﲣﻠﻒ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﻭﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻻ ﺗﻨﻔـﺮﻭﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳊـﺮ،‬‫ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﺀ، ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺷﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﻆ ﻭﺍﳊﺮ ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ﺇﳝﺎﻧًﺎ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﺗﺼﺪﻳﻘﹰﺎ ﺑﻮﻋﺪﻩ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ:‬‫‪‬ﻓﺮﺡ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺨ ﱠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﻤﻘﻌﺪﻫﻢ ﺧﻠﹶﺎﻑ ﺭ ُﻮﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻛﺮ ُـﻮﺍ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹺ َ ُ َﻠﻔ ﹶ َ ﹾ َ ِ ِ ْ ِ َ َﺳ ﹺ ﻠ ِ َ ﹶ ﹺﻫ‬‫ُﻳﺠَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﻨﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﻓِـﻲ‬ ‫ْ ِﺮ‬ ‫َ ﹺ ﻠِ َ ﻟ‬ ‫ِﺪ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱢ ﻗﻞ ﻧَﺎﺭ ﺟﻬﱠﻢ ﹶﺃﺷ ﱡ ﺣ ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻟﻮ ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ َﻳﻔﻘ ُﻮﻥ * ﻓﻠﻴﻀﺤﻜﹸﻮﺍ ﻗﻠِﻴﻠﹰﺎ‬ ‫َﺮ ﹸ ﹾ ُ َ َﻨ َ َﺪ َﺮ ْ ﻧ ﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾَ ْ َ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻭﹾﻟﻴﺒ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻛﺜﲑًﺍ ﺟﺰَﺍﺀ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ َﻳﻜﺴُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ١٨-٢٨[.‬ ‫ﻧ ﹾ ِﺒ ﹶ‬ ‫َ َ ْﻜ ﹶِ َ ً‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻣﻌ ُ ﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ‬‫ِ ﹺ ﺮﺳ ﹸ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ َ َﻪ َﺪ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ‬‫ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﹶﻟ ُ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻴﺮَﺍﺕ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻔﻠ ُﻮﻥ * ﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ‬‫َﺃ ِ َ ﻬﻢ َ ْ ُ َﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ﹾ ِﺤ ﹶ َﺪ ﻠ ُ ﻬ ْ‬‫ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠ ﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘ َﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧ َﺎﺭ َﺎِﻟ ِﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ِﻴﻢ‪‬‬ ‫َﻨ ٍ ْﺮ ِ ْ ِْﻬ ﹶ ﻬ ُ ﺧ ﺪ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﹶ َ ﹶ ْ ُ َﻈ ُ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٨٨-٩٨[.‬
  • 31. ‫٥٣‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﱂ ﺗﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺪﺍﺋﺪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺪﺭﺓ ﺑﻞ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺘﻜﺮﺭ ﻛـﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻡ ﻣﺮﺓ ﺃﻭ ﻣﺮﺗﲔ ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻌﲏ ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﻜﺸﻒ ﻭﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹶﺃﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﹶﺃﱠﻬﻢ ُﻳﻔﺘُﻮﻥ ﻓِﻲ ﻛ ﱢ ﻋَﺎﻡ ﻣ ﱠﺓ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻣ ﱠَﺗﻴﻦ‬‫َ َ ْ ﹶ ﻧ ُ ْ ﹾَﻨ ﹶ ﹸﻞ ﹴ َﺮ ﹰ ْ َﺮ ْ ﹺ‬ ‫ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳُﻮُﻮﻥ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ﻫﻢ َﻳ ﱠ ﱠ ُﻭﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٦٢١[.‬ ‫ﻢ ﺘ ﺑ ﹶ َ ُ ْ ﺬﻛﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﻛﺼﻮﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺰﻣﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻫﺎﺟﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﺟﺎﻫـﺪﻭﺍ‬‫ﺑﺄﻣﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻭﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ ﺃﻭ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﻭﻭﺍ ﻭﻧﺼﺮﻭﺍ ﻭﺻﺪﻗﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ؟؟‬‫ﻭﺃﻳﻦ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﳌﺨﺬﻭﻟﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺣﺪﺍﺙ ﺍﻟﻌﻈﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺻﻨﻌﺖ‬‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ؟ ﻟﻘﺪ ﺗﻮﺍﺭﻭﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳋﺪﻭﺭ ﻭﺗﻘﻮﻗﻌﻮﺍ ﰲ ﺍﳉﺤﻮﺭ، ﻭﺗﻘﺪﻡ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﻮﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﳏﻤﺪ ‪ ‬ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻬـﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼـﺎﺭ ﻟﻴﻜﺘﺒـﻮﺍ‬‫ﺑﺪﻣﺎﺋﻬﻢ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻓﻤﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺧﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻠﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ، ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﺐ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﻜﲔ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻴﺎﺩﺓ.‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺘﻌﺮﻓﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﳊﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ:‬‫ﺇﺫﺍ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻠﺸﺪﺍﺋﺪ ﺃﺛﺮﻫﺎ ﰲ ﻛﺸﻒ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ، ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ‬‫ﻓﻠﺘﺎﺕ ﺃﻟﺴﻨﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﳊﻦ ﺃﻗﻮﺍﳍﻢ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﺸﻒ ﺧﺒﺜﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﻔﺼﺢ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻜﻨﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻭﺭﻫﻢ ﻛﺬﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻮ َﻧﺸﺎﺀ ﹶﻟﺄﺭْﻳﻨَﺎﻛﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻌﺮﻓﺘﻬُﻢ ﹺﺑ ِﻴﻤَﺎ ُﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﺘﻌﺮﻓﱠﻬُﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﹶﻟﺤﻦ‬‫ْﹺ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ُ ﹶ َ ﹶ ُ ْ ﹶ ﹶ َ َ ﹾ َ ْ ﺴ ﻫ ْ َ َ ْ ﹺ ﹶﻨ ْ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻝ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ َﻳﻌﻠ ُ ﹶﺃﻋﻤَﺎﹶﻟﻜﻢ‪] ‬ﳏﻤﺪ: ٠٣[.‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﻠ ُ ْ ﹶﻢ ْ ﹸ ْ‬‫ﻓﻌﻨﺪﻣﺎ ﺍﺯﺩﺣﻢ ﺑﻌﺾ ﺍﳌﻬﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎﺀ ﺍﳌﺮﻳﺴـﻴﻊ ﱂ‬
  • 32. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٦٣‬‫ﻳﺴﺘﻄﻊ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻦ ﺃﰊ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻜﺘﻢ ﺃﺿﻐﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻞ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺍﻟـﱵ‬ ‫ﺳﺠﻠﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪َ‬ﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﺌﻦ ﺭﺟﻌﻨَﺎ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺪِﻳﻨﺔ ﹶﻟﻴُﺨﺮﺟ ﱠ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋ ﱡ ﻣﻨﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﹾـﺄﺫ ﱠ‬‫ﹶ ﹶﻝ‬ ‫َ َ ِ ْ ﹺ َﻦ ﹶ َﺰ ِ ْ‬ ‫ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ِ ْ َ َْ‬‫ﻭِﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ﱠ ﹸ ﻭِﻟﺮ ُﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭِﻟﻠ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﹶﻟﻜ ﱠ ﺍﹾﻟﻤَﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﹶـﺎ َﻳﻌﻠ ُـﻮﻥ‪‬‬ ‫َ ﻠ ِ ِﺰﺓ َ َﺳ ِ َ ﹾﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ َ ِﻦ ُﻨ ِ ِ َ ﻟ ْ ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ: ٨[.‬‫ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺣﻴﺔ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﺑﻠﺔ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﺑﻨﻪ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻭﻗﻒ ﻟﻪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﺎﺏ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﺑﺴﻴﻔﻪ ﻭﻣﻨﻌﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺪﺧﻮﻝ ﺣﱴ ﻳﺄﺫﻥ ﻟﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫‪ ،‬ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ: ﻟﺘﻌﻠﻤﻦ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﻋﺰ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻷﺫﻝ!‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﻣﺎ ﺃﺭﻯ ﻗﺮﺍﺀﻧﺎ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺇﻻ ﺃﺭﻏﺒﻨـﺎ ﺑﻄﻮﻧًـﺎ ،‬‫ﻭﺃﻛﺬﺑﻨﺎ ﺃﻟﺴﻨﺔ ، ﻭﺃﺟﺒﻨﻨﺎ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻘﺎﺀ ، ﻓﺮﻓﻊ ﺫﻟﻚ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪‬‬ ‫ﹰ‬‫، ﻓﺠﺎﺀ ﺇﱃ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ، ‬ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺭﲢﻞ ﻭﺭﻛﺐ ﻧﺎﻗﺘﻪ، ﻓﻘـﺎﻝ : ﻳـﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺇﳕﺎ ﻛﻨﺎ ﳔﻮﺽ ﻭﻧﻠﻌﺐ ، ﻗﺎﻝ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﺃﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺁﻳَﺎِﺗﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮِﻟﻪ ﻛﻨﺘﻢ َﺗﺴﺘﻬﺰﹸﻮﻥ * ﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﻌﺘَـﺬ ُﻭﺍ ﻗﹶـﺪ‬‫ْ‬ ‫ْ ِﺭ‬ ‫ﻠ ِ َ َ ِ َ َﺳ ِ ﹸ ُْ ْ َْ ْ ﹺﺋ ﹶ‬‫ﻛﻔﺮُﺗﻢ َﺑﻌﺪ ﹺﺇﳝَﺎﹺﻧﻜﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ َﻧﻌ ُ ﻋﻦ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ُﻧﻌ ﱢﺏ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔﺔ ﺑﹺـﺄﱠﻬﻢ‬‫ﹶ ﹶ ْ ْ ْ َ ﹸ ْ ﹾ ْﻒ َ ْ ﹶ ٍ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َﺬ ْ ﹶ ﹰ ﹶﻧ ُ ْ‬ ‫ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ ﻣُﺠﺮﻣﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٥٦-٦٦[.‬ ‫ﻧ ْ ﹺِ َ‬‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﺭﺟﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﺘﺴﻔﻌﺎﻥ ﺍﳊﺠﺎﺭﺓ ، ﻭﻣﺎ ﻳﻠﺘﻔﺖ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪، ‬‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻨﺴﻌﺔ ﻧﺎﻗﺔ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ، ‬ﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﻓﻀﺤﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫، ﻭﺳﺠﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻗﺮﺁﻧًﺎ ﻳﺘﻠﻰ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻷﺑﺪ.‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺇﻧﻪ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺳﺮ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺳﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﻭﺃﺑﺪﺍﻫﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻـﻔﺤﺎﺕ‬
  • 33. ‫٧٣‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻭﻓﻠﺘﺎﺕ ﻟﺴﺎﻧﻪ، ﻓﻬﺆﻻﺀ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﺳ ّﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﻗـﺪ ﺃﺧـﺮﺝ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﺮ‬‫ﺃﺿﻐﺎﻬﻧﻢ ﻭﺃﺑﺪﻯ ﺍﷲ ﻧﻔﺎﻗﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺻـﻔﺤﺎﺕ ﻭﺟـﻮﻫﻬﻢ ﻭﻓﻠﺘـﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺃﻟﺴﻨﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻌﺪ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺎﳉﻤﻠﺔ ﺧﺎﻓﻴًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ.‬‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺃﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝـﺎﻥ ﻭﻭﺻـﻔﻬﻢ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﺼﺪﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺷﺪ ﻭﺃﺛﺒﺖ ﳍﻢ ﺍﻟﻔﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﻮﺯ ﻭﺑﺸـﺮﻫﻢ ﺑﺮﲪﺘـﻪ‬‫ﻭﺭﺿﻮﺍﻧﻪ؟ ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﲣﻠﻂ ﺑﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔـﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻭﺑﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺛﺒﺖ ﳍﻢ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ ؟ ﺃﺟﻴﺒﻮﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻭﱄ ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﺏ.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻳﻔﻀﺢ ﺃﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ:‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻓﻀﺢ ﺍﷲ ﺃﺣﻮﺍﻝ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ، ﻭﻋﺮﻑ ﻬﺑﻢ ﻧﺒﻴﻪ ﻭﻋﺒﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ‬‫ﰲ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ، ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﳑﺎ ﻧﺰﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ‬‫ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺴﻤﻰ ﺳﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺿﺤﺔ ﳌﺎ ﻓﻀـﺤﺖ ﺑـﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ.‬ ‫ﻭﻣﻦ ﲰﺎﻬﺗﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺫﻛﺮﻫﺎ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺴﻮﺭﺓ:‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻐﺰﻭ، ﻭﺧﺬﳍﻢ ﻟﻠﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﰲ ﺍﻟﺸﺪﺍﺋﺪ ﺇﻳﺜﺎﺭًﺍ ﻟﻠﺪﻧﻴﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻛﺮﺍﻫﻴﺔ ﻟﻠﺠﻬﺎﺩ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﹸْﻧﺰﹶﻟﺖ ُﻮﺭ ﹲ ﹶﺃﻥ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺟَﺎﻫ ُﻭﺍ ﻣَـﻊ ﺭﺳُـﻮِﻟﻪ‬‫ِ‬ ‫َ َ‬ ‫َ ﺃ ﹺ ْ ﺳ َﺓ ﹾ َ ِﻨ ﻠ ِ َ ِﺪ‬‫ﺍﺳﺘﺄﺫَﻧﻚ ﹸﻭﹸﻮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻮﻝ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﺫﺭﻧَﺎ َﻧﻜﻦ ﻣَـﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﹶﺎﻋِـﺪِﻳﻦ *‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َْ ﹾ ﹶ َ ﺃ ﻟ ﻄ ْ ﹺ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ﻟ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ‬‫ﺭ ُﻮﺍ ﹺﺑﺄﻥ َﻳ ﹸﻮُﻮﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻮَﺍِﻟﻒ ﻭﻃﹸﺒﻊ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹸ ﹸـﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻓ ُـﻢ ﻟﹶـﺎ‬ ‫َﺿ ﹶ ﹾ ﻜ ﻧ َ َ َ ِ َ ﹺ َ َ ﻗﻠ ﹺ ْ ﹶﻬ ْ‬ ‫َﻳﻔﻘ ُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٦٨-٧٨[.‬ ‫ﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬
  • 34. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٨٣‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺴﻌﻲ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﻤﻴﻤﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻐﻀﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻮ ﺧﺮ ُﻮﺍ ﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﺯَﺍ ُﻭﻛﻢ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﺧﺒَﺎﻟﹰﺎ ﻭﹶﻟﺄﻭﺿﻌُﻮﺍ ﺧﻠﹶـﺎﹶﻟﻜﹸﻢ‬‫ْ‬ ‫ﺩ ﹸْ ﻟ َ َﹶْ َ ِ‬ ‫ﹸْ‬ ‫ْ َ َﺟ‬‫َﻳﺒ ُﻮَﻧ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﻭﻓِﻴﻜﻢ ﺳ ﱠﺎ ُﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠِﻴ ٌ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﻤﲔ * ﹶﻟﻘﺪ‬‫ْﻐ ﻜﻢ ِ َْ ﹶ َ ﹸ ْ َﻤ ﻋ ﹶ ُ ْ ﻠ ُ َ ﻢ ﻈ ِ َ ﹶ ِ‬‫ﺍْﺑﺘﻐ ُﺍ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒ ﹸ ﻭﻗ ﱠُﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻚ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ ُﻮﺭ ﺣﱠﻰ ﺟَﺎﺀ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱡ ﻭﻇﻬﺮ ﹶﺃﻣ ُ‬‫َ َﻖ َ ﹶ َ َ ْﺮ‬ ‫َ ﹸﻣ َ َ ﺘ‬ ‫َ َﻮ ِ َْ ﹶ ِ ْ ﹶ ْﻞ َ ﹶﻠﺒ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻛﹶﺎﺭ ُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧٤-٨٤[.‬ ‫ﻠ ِ َ ُ ْ ﹺﻫ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﻌﻦ ﰲ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺨﻂ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻣـﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ َﻳﻠﻤﺰُﻙ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺪﻗﹶﺎﺕ ﻓﺈﻥ ﹸﺃﻋ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻨﻬَﺎ ﺭ ُﻮﺍ ﻭﹺﺇﻥ‬‫ﺼ َ ِ ﹶﹺ ﹾ ْﻄ ِ ْ َﺿ َ ﹾ‬ ‫َ ِْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﹾ ِ َ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻢ ُﻳﻌﻄﻮْﺍ ﻣﻨﻬَﺎ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻫﻢ َﻳﺴﺨ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٨٥[.‬ ‫ُ ْ ْ َﻄ ﹶ‬ ‫ْ ْ ﹶ ِْ‬‫ﺃﻱ ﻳﻌﻴﺒﻮﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻚ ﰲ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﺪﻗﺎﺕ ﻭﻳﺘﻬﻤﻮﻧﻚ ﰲ ﺫﻟﻚ، ﻭﻫﻢ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﻨﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﻟﻠﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﻳﻨﻜﺮﻭﻥ ﳊﻆ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﺇﻳﺬﺍﺀ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪-:‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣﻨ ُ ُ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ُﻳﺆ ﹸﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱠ ﻭَﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ُﻮ ﹸﺃﺫ ﹲ ﻗﻞ ﹸﺃﺫﻥ ﺧﻴْـﺮ‬‫َ ِ ْﻬﻢ ﻟ َ ْﺫ ﹶ ﻨﹺﻲ َ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﻫ َ ﹸﻥ ﹸ ﹾ ﹸ ﹸ َ ﹴ‬‫ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ُﺆﻣ ُ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭُﺆﻣ ُ ِﻟﻠﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺭﺣﻤ ﹲ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﻣِـﻨﻜﻢ‬‫ْﹸْ‬ ‫ﹸ ْ ﻳ ْ ِ ﻦ ﻠ ِ َ ﻳ ْ ِ ﻦ ﹾ ْ ِ ﹺ َ َ َ ْ َﺔ ﻠ َ َ َ ﻨ‬ ‫ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ُﻳﺆ ﹸﻭﻥ ﺭ ُﻮﻝ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﹶﺃﻟِﻴﻢ‪.‬‬ ‫ﻟ َ ْﺫ ﹶ َﺳ ﹶ ﻠ ِ ُ ْ َ ﺏ ٌ‬‫ﺃﻱ ﻳﺆﺫﻭﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻼﻡ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻭﻳﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﻫﻮ ﺃﺫﻥ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻟﻪ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﺻﺪﻗﻪ‬‫ﻓﻴﻨﺎ، ﻭﻣﻦ ﺣﺪﺛﻪ ﺻﺪﻗﻪ ، ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﺟﺌﻨﺎﻩ ﻭﺣﻠﻔﻨﺎ ﻟﻪ ﺻﺪﻗﻨﺎ، ﻓﺮﺩ ﻋﻠـﻴﻬﻢ‬
  • 35. ‫٩٣‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺑﺄﻧﻪ ‪ ‬ﺃﺫﻥ ﺧﲑ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻕ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺏ.‬ ‫ﺍﻻﻋﺘﺬﺍﺭ ﻋﻦ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻔﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻷﳝﺎﻥ ﺍﻟﻔﺎﺟﺮﺓ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪َ‬ﻳﺤﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ِﻟﻴﺮ ُﻮﻛﻢ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﹸﻟﻪ ﹶﺃﺣ ﱡ ﹶﺃﻥ ُﻳﺮ ُﻮﻩ‬‫ْ ِﻔ ﹶ ﻠ ِ ﹸ ْ ُ ْﺿ ﹸ ْ ﻠ ُ َ َﺳ ُ َﻖ ﹾ ْﺿ ُ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ ﻣُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٢٦[.‬ ‫ﹾ ﻧ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﺳﻴﺤﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﺍْﻧﻘﻠﺒﺘﻢ ﹺﺇﻟﹶـﻴﻬﻢ ِﻟﺘﻌﺮ ُـﻮﺍ ﻋَـﻨﻬﻢ‬‫ُْ ْ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ْ ُ ْ ْ ﹺ ْ ُ ْ ﹺﺿ‬ ‫َ َ ْ ِﻔ ﹶ ﻠ ِ ﹸ ْ‬‫ﻓﺄﻋﺮﺿُﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﱠﻬﻢ ﺭﺟ ٌ ﻭﻣﺄﻭَﺍﻫﻢ ﺟﻬﱠ ُ ﺟﺰَﺍﺀ ﹺﺑﻤَـﺎ ﻛﹶـﺎُﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻧ‬ ‫َ ْ ُ ْ ﻧ ُ ْ ﹺ ْﺲ َ َ ﹾ ُ ْ َ َﻨﻢ َ ً‬ ‫ﹶﹶ ْ ﹺ‬‫َﻳﻜﺴُﻮﻥ * َﻳﺤﻠ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ِﻟﺘﺮﺿﻮْﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺈﻥ َﺗﺮﺿﻮْﺍ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺈ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‬‫ﹾ ِﺒ ﹶ ْ ِﻔ ﹶ ﹸ ْ َ ْ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ﹶﹺ ﹾ ْ َ َ ْ ُ ْ ﹶﹺﻥ ﻠ َ‬ ‫ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺮﺿَﻰ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳﻘﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٦٩[.‬ ‫َ ﹺ ﹶ ْﹺ ِِ َ‬ ‫ْ‬‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﻗﺒﺾ ﺍﻷﻳﺪﻱ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﻧﻔـﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺳﺒﻴﻞ ﺍﷲ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﺍﹾﻟ َُﺎﻓ ﹸﻮﻥ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟ َُﺎﻓﻘﹶﺎ ُ َﺑﻌ ُ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺾ َﻳﺄﻣ ُﻭﻥ ﺑﹺـﺎﹾﻟﻤُﻨﻜﺮ‬‫ْ ﹶﹺ‬ ‫ﻤﻨ ِﻘ ﹶ ﻤﻨ ِ ﺕ ْﻀﻬ ْ ِ ْ ْ ﹴ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹶ‬‫ﻭَﻳﻨﻬﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻌ ُﻭﻑ ﻭَﻳﻘﺒ ُﻮﻥ ﹶﺃْﻳﺪَﻳﻬُﻢ َﻧ ُﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻓﻨﺴِـﻴﻬﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ‬‫َ ْ َ ْ ﹶ َ ﹺ َ ْﺮ ِ َ ﹾﹺﻀ ﹶ ِ ْ ﺴ ﻠ َ ﹶَ َ ُ ْ ﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨَﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧٦[.‬ ‫ُ ِ ِ َ ُ ُ ِﻘ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺾ ﺍﻟﻌﻬﺪ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻋَﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﺌﻦ ﺁﺗَﺎﻧَﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ ﹶﻟﻨ ﱠ ﱠﻗ ﱠ ﻭﹶﻟﻨ ﹸﻮَﻧ ﱠ‬‫َ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ َ َ ﻠ َ ِ ْ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ِ َﺼﺪ ﹶﻦ َ َﻜ ﻦ‬
  • 36. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٠٤‬‫ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ * ﻓﻠ ﱠﺎ ﺁﺗَﺎﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻀﻠﻪ َﺑﺨ ﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻭَﺗﻮﱠـﻮْﺍ ﻭ ُـﻢ‬‫َﻫ ْ‬ ‫ِ َ ﺼ ِ َ ﹶ ﹶﻤ َ ُ ْ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ِ ِﻠ ِ َ َﻟ‬‫ﻣﻌﺮ ُﻮﻥ * ﻓﺄﻋﻘﺒﻬُﻢ ﹺﻧﻔﹶﺎﻗﹰﺎ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ َﻳﻮﻡ َﻳﻠﻘﻮَﻧﻪُ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﹶﺃﺧﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ‬ ‫ْ ﹶﻔ‬ ‫ْﹺ ﹾﹶ ْ‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ ﹺﺿ ﹶ ﹶ ﹶ ْ ﹶ َ ْ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣَﺎ ﻭﻋ ُﻭﻩ ﻭﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ َﻳﻜﺬُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٥٧-٧٧[.‬ ‫ﻧ ﹾ ِﺑ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻠ َ َ َﺪ ُ َ‬ ‫ﳌﺰ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﻋﻴﺒﻬﻢ ﰲ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﻷﺣﻮﺍﻝ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﻳﻠﻤ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﹾﻟ ُ ﱠ ﱢﻋﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺪﻗﹶﺎﺕ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﺼَ ِ ﻟ َ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ﹾ ِﺰ ﹶ ﻤﻄﻮ ِ َ ِ َ ْ ِﹺ َ‬‫ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﺠ ُﻭﻥ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﺟﻬﺪﻫﻢ ﻓﻴﺴﺨ ُﻭﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺳﺨﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻣِـﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟ ُـﻢ‬‫ﹺﺪ ﹶ ﻟ ُ ْ َ ُ ْ ﹶ َ ْ َ ﺮ ﹶ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ ْ ُ ْ َ ﻬ ْ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﹶﺃﻟِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٩٧[.‬ ‫َ ﺏ ﻢ‬‫ﺃﻱ ﻻ ﻳﺴﻠﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻋﻴﺒﻬﻢ ﺃﺣﺪ ، ﻓﻤﻦ ﺗﺼﺪﻕ ﲟﺎﻝ ﻛﺜﲑ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ ﻋﻨﻪ‬‫ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﺮﺍﺀ! ﻭﻣﻦ ﺟﺎﺀ ﺑﺸﻲﺀ ﻳﺴﲑ ﻗﺎﻟﻮﺍ : ﺇﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻟﻐﲏ ﻋﻦ ﺻﺪﻗﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫، ﻭﻳﺴﺨﺮﻭﻥ ﻣﻨﻪ.‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺒﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﻘﺔ ﻏﺮﺍﻣﺔ ﻭﺗﺮﺑﺺ ﺍﻟﺪﻭﺍﺋﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻋﺮَﺍﺏ ﻣﻦ َﻳﱠﺨ ﹸ ﻣَﺎ ُﻨﻔ ُ ﻣﻐﺮﻣًﺎ ﻭَﻳﺘﺮﱠﺺُ ﹺﺑ ﹸ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻭَﺍِﺋﺮ‬‫َ ِ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ َ ْ ﺘ ِﺬ ﻳ ْ ِﻖ َ ْ َ َ َ َﺑ ﻜﻢ ﺪ َ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺩَﺍِﺋﺮ ﹸ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻮﺀ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺳﻤِﻴ ٌ ﻋﻠِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٨٩[.‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َﺓ ﺴ ْ ِ ﻠ ُ َ ﻊ َ ﻢ‬ ‫ﻻ ﻳﺰﻳﺪﻫﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺇﻻ ﺭﺟﺴًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺭﺟﺲ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻣَﺎ ﹸْﻧﺰﹶﻟﺖ ُﻮﺭ ﹲ ﻓﻤﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ َﻳ ﹸﻮﻝ ﹶﺃﱡﻜﻢ ﺯَﺍﺩْﺗ ُ ﻫﺬﻩ ﹺﺇﳝَﺎﻧًﺎ‬ ‫ﺃ ﹺ ْ ﺳ َﺓ ﹶ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ﻘ ﹸ ﻳ ﹸ ْ َ ﻪ َ ِ ِ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﻓﺄ ﱠﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﻓﺰَﺍﺩْﺗﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﳝَﺎﻧًﺎ ﻭﻫﻢ َﻳﺴﺘﺒﺸ ُﻭﻥ * ﻭﹶﺃ ﱠﺎ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫َ ُ ْ ْ َ ْ ِﺮ ﹶ َ ﻣ ﻟ َ‬ ‫ﹶﹶﻣ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ ﹶ َ ُ ْ‬‫ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﻣﺮ ٌ ﻓ َﺍﺩْﺗﻬﻢ ﺭﺟ ًﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻰ ﺭﺟﺴﻬﻢ ﻭ َﺎُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫﻢ ﹶﺎﻓ ُﻭﻥ‪‬‬ ‫ﹸﻠ ﹺ ْ َ َﺽ ﹶﺰ َ ُ ْ ﹺ ْﺴ ﻟ ﹺ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ َﻣ ﺗ َ ُ ْ ﻛ ِﺮ ﹶ‬
  • 37. ‫١٤‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٤٢١-٥٢١[.‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺘﻮﱄ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻭﺍﻻﻧﺼﺮﺍﻑ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻔﺮﺓ ﻣﻨﻪ:‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ ﻣَﺎ ﹸْﻧﺰﹶﻟﺖ ُﻮﺭ ﹲ َﻧﻈﺮ َﺑﻌ ُ ُﻢ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ َﺑﻌﺾ ﻫﻞ َﻳﺮَﺍﻛﻢ ﻣﻦ‬‫ْ ﹴ َﹾ ﹸْ ِْ‬ ‫ﺃ ﹺ ْ ﺳ َﺓ ﹶ َ ْﻀﻬ ْ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺍْﻧﺼﺮ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺻﺮﻑ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻗ ﹸﻮَﺑﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺄﱠ ُﻢ ﹶـﻮ ٌ ﹶـﺎ َﻳﻔﻘ ُـﻮﻥ‪‬‬ ‫َ ٍ ﻢ َ َﻓ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﹸﻠ ُ ْ ﹶﻧﻬ ْ ﻗ ْﻡ ﻟ ﹾ ﹶﻬ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧٢١[.‬‫ﺍﳋﻼﺻﺔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪ ﺫﻛﺮ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻭﺻﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﻨـﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻣـﺎ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻞ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻃﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﺘﻤﻴﺰﺓ ﻣﻨﺒﻮﺫﺓ ﻻ ﳜﻔﻲ ﺃﻣﺮﻫﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺣﺪ.‬‫ﻓﺄﻳﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﳑﻦ ﺃﺛﺒﺖ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻧﻘﻴﺾ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﺼـﻔﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺃﻋﻠﻦ ﺭﺿﺎﻩ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﻓﻮﻕ ﺳﺒﻊ ﲰﺎﻭﺍﺕ ﻭﺟﻌﻠـﻬﻢ ﺧـﲑ ﺃﻣـﺔ‬ ‫ﺃﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟﻠﻨﺎﺱ؟‬‫ﻭﻣﱴ ﻧﻜﺴﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﻮﺭ ﻟﻴﺼﺒﺢ ﺃﺋﻤﺔ ﺍﳍـﺪﻯ ﻭﺍﻟﻨـﻮﺭ ﻃﻮﺍﻏﻴـﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻀﻼﻟﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻔﺠﻮﺭ؟ ﻭﻣﱴ ﺍﺳﺘﺄﺳﺪ ﺍﳉﺒﻨﺎﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻭﺃﺻﺒﺤﻮﺍ ﺑﻐﺘﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﻼﺋﻊ ﻣﻮﺍﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ ﺍﳌﺒﲔ؟‬‫ﻭﻛﻴﻒ ﳜﻠﻂ ﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺑﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻭﻗﻔﻮﺍ ﺣﻴﺎﻬﺗﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﻧﺼـﺮﺓ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﻭﱂ ﻳﻨﻘﻀﻮﺍ ﻋﻬﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﺪ ﻣﻴﺜﺎﻗﻪ ﻭﺑﲔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﱂ ﻳﻌﺮﻓﻮﺍ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻟﺪﻋﻮﺓ ﺇﻻ ﺑﺎﳋﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺂﻣﺮ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﻴﻂ؟‬‫ﺇﻥ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﲔ ﺍﳌـﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺏ ﳏﻤـﺪ ‪‬‬‫ﺑﺪﻋﻮﻯ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﻓﺮﻳﺔ ﺧﺴﻴﺴﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺜﺒﺖ ﳍﺎ ﻗﺪﻡ ﺇﻻ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺳﺎﺱ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﺬﻳﺐ ﺑﺎﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ. ﻭﺍﳉﺤﺪ ﲝﻘﺎﺋﻖ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﺦ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ!‬
  • 38. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٢٤‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻬﺞ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺎﻳﺰ:‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺟﻌﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﳌﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺠًﺎ ﳜﺘﻠﻒ ﻋـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺞ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻭﺟﺒﻪ ﰲ ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﲔ.‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﻣﺮ ﲜﻬﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻠﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻳَﺎ ﹶﺃﱡﻬَﺎ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱡ ﺟَﺎﻫﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﻜ ﱠﺎﺭ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤُﻨَـﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻭَﺍﻏ ﹸـﻆ ﻋﻠﹶـﻴﻬﻢ‬‫ِ ِ َ ﹾﻠ ﹾ َ ْ ﹺ ْ‬ ‫ﻳ ﻨﹺﻲ ِ ِ ﹸﻔ َ‬ ‫ﻭﻣﺄﻭَﺍﻫﻢ ﺟﻬﱠ ُ ﻭﹺﺑﺌﺲ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺼ ُ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٣٧[.‬ ‫َ َ ﹾ ُ ْ َ َﻨﻢ َ ﹾ َ َ ِﲑ‬‫ﻓﺄﺫﻫﺐ ﺍﻟﺮﻓﻖ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺃﻣﺮ ﲜﻬﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻐﻠﻈﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ، ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺃﻣـﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﲔ ﻭﺧﻔﺾ ﺍﳉﻨﺎﺡ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬ ‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﺧﻔﺾ ﺟﻨَﺎﺣﻚ ِﻟﻤﻦ ﺍﱠﺒﻌﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺮﺍﺀ: [‬ ‫ْ ِ ْ َ َ َ َ ﹺ ﺗَ َ َ ِ َ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﻭﺃﺧﱪﻩ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻟﻴﺴﻮﺍ ﺃﻫﻼ ﻟﻼﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ:‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻭ ﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﻥ َﺗﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺳﺒﻌﲔ ﻣَـ ﱠﺓ‬‫َْ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ ﹾ َْ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َ ﺮ ﹰ‬ ‫َْ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ ْ‬‫ﻓﻠﻦ َﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﹺﺑﺄﱠ ُﻢ ﻛﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﻬﺪِﻱ‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶ ْ ْ ِ َ ﻠ ُ ُ ْ ﹶ َ ﹶﻧﻬ ْ ﹶ ﹶﺮ ﻠ ِ َ َﺳ ِ ﻠ ُ ْ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳﻘﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٨[.‬ ‫ﹶ َْ ِِ َ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﺳﻮَﺍ ٌ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮﺕ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻡ ﹶﻟﻢ َﺗﺴﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹶﻟﻦ َﻳﻐﻔﺮ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‬‫َ ﺀ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َْ ْ ﹶ ْ َ ُ ْ ْ ْ َْ ْ ِ ْ ُ ْ ْ ْ ِ َ ﻠ ُ‬ ‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻟﹶﺎ َﻳﻬﺪِﻱ ﺍﹾﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳﻘﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ: ٦[.‬ ‫ﹶ َْ ِِ َ‬ ‫ُ ْ ﻥ ﻠَ ْ‬ ‫ﰲ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺃﻣﺮﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﲔ.‬
  • 39. ‫٣٤‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻓﹶﺎﻋﻠﻢ ﹶﺃﱠ ُ ﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻪ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻭَﺍﺳْـﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﻟِـﺬْﻧﺒﻚ‬‫َ ِْ ْ ﹶ ﹺ َ‬ ‫ْ ﹶ ْ ﻧﻪ َ ﻟ ﻠ ُ‬‫ﻭِﻟﻠ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ َﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣَـﺎﺕ َﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ َﻳﻌ ﹶـﻢ ﻣﺘﻘ ﱠـﺒﻜﻢ ﻭﻣﺜﹾـ َﺍﻛﻢ‪‬‬ ‫َ ﹾﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ ﻭ ﻤ ْ ِﻨ ِ ﻭ ﻠ ُ ْﻠ ُ َُ ﹶﻠ َ ﹸ ْ َ َ ﻮ ﹸ ْ‬ ‫]ﳏﻤﺪ: ٩١[.‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺑﻴﻌﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ‪‬ﻓﺒَﺎﹺﻳﻌﻬ ﱠ ﻭَﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻬ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ْ ُﻦ ْ َ ْ ِ ْ ُﻦ ﻠ َ‬ ‫ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻏ ﹸﻮ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﳌﻤﺘﺤﻨﺔ: ٢١[.‬ ‫ﻥ ﻠ َ ﹶﻔ ﺭ َ ﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻬﻧﺎﻩ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﻭ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻗﱪﻩ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻟﹶﺎ ُﺗﺼ ﱢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﹶﺃﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣَﺎﺕ ﹶﺃَﺑﺪًﺍ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﻘﻢ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﻗﺒﺮﻩ ﹺﺇﱠﻬﻢ‬‫َ ﹸ ْ َ ﹶْ ﹺ ِ ﻧ ُ ْ‬ ‫َ َﻞ َ َ ٍ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ‬ ‫ﻛﻔ ُﻭﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﺭ ُﻮِﻟﻪ ﻭﻣَﺎُﻮﺍ ﻭﻫﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٤٨[.‬ ‫ﹶ ﹶﺮ ﻠ ِ َ َﺳ ِ َ ﺗ َ ُ ْ ِﻘ ﹶ‬‫ﻓﻤﺎ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺑﻌﺪ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﻓﻖ ﻭﻻ ﻗﺎﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻗﱪﻩ ﺃﺑﺪًﺍ.‬‫ﻭﱂ ﻳﻜﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻨﻬﺠﻪ ‪ ‬ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺣﺮﻳﺼًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺪﻋﺎﺀ ﳍﻢ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻣﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﺑﺎﻹﲨﺎﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺳـﲑﺗﻪ‬ ‫‪.‬‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻓﺈﻥ ﺭﺟﻌﻚ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺇﻟﹶﻰ ﻃﹶﺎِﺋﻔﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﹶﺎﺳﺘﺄﺫُﻮﻙ ِﻟﻠﺨ ُﻭﺝ ﻓ ﹸـﻞ‬‫ﹶ ٍ ِ ْ ُ ْ َْ ﹾ ﹶﻧ َ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹺ ﹶﻘ ﹾ‬ ‫ﹶﹺ ﹾ َ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ‬‫ﹶﻟﻦ َﺗﺨ ُ ُﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻲ ﹶﺃَﺑﺪًﺍ ﻭﹶﻟﻦ ُﺗﻘﹶﺎِﺗ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻣﻌﻲ ﻋﺪ ‪‬ﺍ ﹺﺇﱠﻜﻢ ﺭﺿِﻴﺘﻢ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻘ ُﻮﺩ‬‫َ ْ ﻠ َ ِ َ َ ُﻭ ﻧ ﹸ ْ َ ُ ْ ﹸﻌ ِ‬ ‫ْ ْﺮﺟ َ ِ َ‬ ‫ﹶﺃ ﱠﻝ ﻣ ﱠﺓ ﻓﹶﺎﻗﻌ ُﻭﺍ ﻣﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﺨَﺎِﻟﻔﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٢٨[.‬ ‫َِ‬ ‫ﻭ ﹶ َﺮ ٍ ﹾ ُﺪ َ َ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺞ ﻣﻊ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺎﻣﺔ ﻫﻮ ﲢﺮﻳﻀﻬﻢ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻘﺘـﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺜﻬﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬
  • 40. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٤٤‬‫‪‬ﻓ ﹶﺎِﺗﻞ ِﻲ ﺳﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺎ ُﻜ ﱠ ُ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ َﻧﻔﺴﻚ ﻭﺣ ﱢﺽ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻘ ﹾ ﻓ َﺒ ﹺ ﻠ ِ ﻟ ﺗ ﹶﻠﻒ ﻟ ﹾ َ َ َ َﺮ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٤٨[.‬‫ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻐﺎﻳﺮﺓ ﺑﲔ ﺍﳌﻨﻬﺠﲔ ﺗﻌﲏ ﲤﺎﻳﺰ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﻳﻘﲔ ﺣـﱴ ﻳﺘﺴـﲎ‬ ‫ﺗﻄﺒﻴﻖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﺣﻜﺎﻡ ﻭﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﺔ ﻛﻞ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺴﺘﺤﻘﻪ.‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮ ﺣﺼﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺘﻤﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻢ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻋﺎﺷﻮﺍ‬‫ﻓﻴﻪ ﺃﺫﻟﺔ ﻣﻘﻬﻮﺭﻳﻦ ﱂ ﻳﺘﺒﻮﺅﻭﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻗﻴﺎﺩﺓ، ﻭﱂ ﻳﺼﻨﻌﻮﺍ ﻟﻪ ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺭًﺍ ﺑﻞ ﱂ‬‫ﻳﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﻻ ﻛﻤﺎ ﻣﻬﻤﻼ ﺗﺪﻭﺳﻬﻢ ﺳـﻨﺎﺑﻚ ﺧﻴـﻮﻝ ﺍﺠﻤﻟﺎﻫـﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﲔ.‬‫ﻓﻜﻴﻒ ﺍﻧﻘﻠﺒﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻭﺿﺎﻉ ﺑﻐﺘﺔ – ﻓﺈﺫﺍ ﻬﺑﻢ – ﻛﻤـﺎ ﺯﻋـﻢ‬‫ﺍﳌﻐﺘﺮﻭﻥ ﻗﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻭﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﳊﻞ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻘﺪ ﻓﻴﻬـﺎ ﻳﻮﺟﻬـﻮﻥ ﺃﺣـﺪﺍﺛﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺪﻳﺮﻭﻥ ﺩﻓﺔ ﺃﻣﻮﺭﻫﺎ ﻭﳛﻜﻤﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﲟﺎ ﻳﺸﺎﺅﻭﻥ؟‬‫ﻭﻣﱴ ﻛﺎﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ؟ ﻋﻘﻴﺐ ﻣﻮﺕ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻭﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﻳـﻮﺍﺭﻱ‬‫ﺟﺜﻤﺎﻧﻪ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻫﺮ ﰲ ﻗﱪﻩ ﺍﻟﺸﺮﻳﻒ! ﻓﻬﻞ ﺷﻬﺪ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﺃﻗﺒﺢ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻜﺬﺏ ﻭﺃﺧﺒﺚ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳋﺒﺚ؟ ﺃﻻ ﻟﻌﻨﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻜﺎﺫﺑﲔ.‬
  • 41. ‫٥٤‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫»ﻻ ﻋﺼﻤﺔ ﻟﻐﲑ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ«‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﲝﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﺗﺒﺸﲑﻩ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺮﲪﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﻻ ﺗﻌﲏ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻣﻌﺼﻮﻣﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺧﻄﺎﺀ‬‫ﺃﻭ ﻣﻨﺰﻫﻮﻥ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳍﻨﺎﺕ ﻭﺍﻟﺰﻻﺕ، ﻷﻬﻧﻢ ﻟﻴﺴﻮﺍ ﻣﻼﺋﻜﺔ ﻭﻻ ﺑﺄﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ، ﺑﻞ‬‫ﻗﺪ ﻳﻘﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺑﻌﻀﻬﻢ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻭﻟﻜﻨﻬﻢ ﻻ ﻳﺼﺮﻭﻥ ﻋﻠﻴـﻪ ﺑـﻞ‬‫ﻳﺒﺎﺩﺭﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻓﻼ ﻳﻘﺪﺡ ﺫﻟﻚ ﰲ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺇﳝﺎﻬﻧﻢ ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﺸﺮﻭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﲪﺔ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺳﺠﻞ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻮﺍﻗﻒ ﻭﺳﺠﻞ ﻣﻌﻬﺎ ﺗﻮﺑﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺭﺃﻓﺘﻪ ﻭﺭﲪﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﺸﺄﻥ ﺃﺧﺬ ﺍﻟﻔﺪﺍﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺃﺳﺮﻯ ﺑﺪﺭ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻮﹶﺎ ﻛَﺎ ٌ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺳﺒﻖ ﹶﻟﻤ ﱠ ﹸﻢ ِﻴ َﺎ ﹶﺃﺧﺬُﺗﻢ ﻋ ﹶﺍ ٌ ﻋ ِﻴ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫ْﻟ ِﺘ ﺏ ِ َ ﻠ ِ ََ َ َﺴﻜ ْ ﻓ ﻤ َ ﹾ ْ َﺬ ﺏ َﻈ ﻢ‬ ‫]ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٨٦[.‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺳﺒﻘﺖ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺍﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻷﻫﻞ ﺑﺪﺭ ﻭﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻜﺎﻥ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻌًﺎ ﻣﻦ ﻣﻮﺁﺧﺬﻬﺗﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺫﻟﻚ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﰲ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺃﺣﺪ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺻﺪﻗ ﹸ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻋﺪ ُ ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗﺤ ﱡﻮَﻧﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺫﻧﹺـﻪ ﺣﱠـﻰ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ َ َ ﹶﻜﻢ ﻠ ُ َ ْ َﻩ ﹾ ُﺴ ُ ْ ﹺ ﹾ ِ َﺘ‬‫ﻓﺸﻠﺘﻢ ﻭَﺗﻨَﺎﺯﻋﺘﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﻭﻋﺼﻴﺘُﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﺭَﺍﻛﻢ ﻣَﺎ ُﺤﱡـﻮﻥ‬‫ﹸ ْ ﺗ ِﺒ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ َ َ َْ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﹾُ ْ َ َ ُْ ْ‬‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻭﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺻﺮﻓ ﹸﻢ ﻋَـﻨﻬﻢ‬‫ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ ﺪ َ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ِ َ ﹶ ﻢ َ َ ﹶﻜ ْ ْ ُ ْ‬‫ِﻟﻴﺒﺘﻠﻴ ﹸﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋ ﹶﺎ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ َﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀْـﻞ ﻋ ﹶـﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ُـﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪‬‬ ‫ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﹴ َﻠ‬ ‫َ َْ َِﻜ ْ َ ﹶ ْ َﻔ َ ْ ﹸ ْ ﻭ ﻠ ُ ﺫ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٢٥١[.‬‫ﻓﺒﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺃﺷﺎﺭﺕ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﻣﻦ ﻓﺸﻞ ﻭﺗﻨـﺎﺯﻉ‬
  • 42. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٦٤‬‫ﻭﺇﺭﺍﺩﺓ ﺍﳊﻴﺎﺓ ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﺫﻛﺮﺕ ﻋﻔﻮ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﻣﻐﻔﺮﺗﻪ ﳍﻢ ﰒ ﺧﺘﻤـﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﺑﺄﻥ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻓﻀﻼ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻹﳝﺎﻬﻧﻢ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ...‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪.‬‬ ‫ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﻠُ ﺫ ﹶ ْ ﹴ َ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﻓﻴﻤﻦ ﺗﻮﱃ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ:‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﺗﻮﱠﻮْﺍ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ َﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﹾﻟﺘﻘﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟﺠﻤﻌَﺎﻥ ﹺﺇﱠﻤَـﺎ ﺍﺳْـﺘﺰﱠ ُ ُ‬‫َ َﻟﻬﻢ‬ ‫َْ ِ ﻧ‬ ‫ﻥ ﻟ َ َﻟ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ ْ َ َ‬‫ﺸ ْ ﹸ َ ْ ﹺ ﹶ َ ﺒ َ ﹶ ْ َ ﻠ ُ َ ْ ُ ْ ﻥ ﻠ َ ﹶﻔ ﺭ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱠﻴﻄﹶﺎﻥ ﹺﺑﺒﻌﺾ ﻣَﺎ ﻛﺴُﻮﺍ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋﻔﹶﺎ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﻏ ﹸـﻮ ٌ‬ ‫ﺣﻠِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٥٥١[.‬ ‫َ ﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻧﺺ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﻔﻮ ﻋﻤﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻔﺮﺍﺭ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺗَﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱢ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَﺎﺭ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻩ‬‫ﹶ ْ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﻨﹺﻲ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ ﹺ ﻟ َ ﺗَﻌ ُ‬‫ﻓِﻲ ﺳَﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺴﺮﺓ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎﺩ َﻳﺰﹺﻳﻎ ﻗ ﹸﻮﺏ ﻓﺮﹺﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺗَﺎﺏ‬‫َ ﹸ ﹸﻠ ُ ﹶ ﹴ ِ ْ ُ ْ ﻢ َ‬ ‫َِ ﻌ ْ َِ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬‫ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﹺﺇﱠ ُ ﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﺭ ُﻭ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ * ﻭﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﻠﹶﺎﹶﺛﺔ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺧ ﱢ ﹸﻮﺍ ﺣﱠﻰ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ﻧﻪ ﹺ ْ َﺀ ﻑ َ ﻢ َ َ ﺜ ِ ﻟ َ ُﻠﻔ َﺘ‬‫ﺿَﺎﻗﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢُ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﺭ ُﺒﺖ ﻭﺿَﺎﻗﺖ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃْﻧ ﹸ ُ ُﻢ ﻭﻇﱡﻮﺍ‬ ‫َﺣَ ْ َ ﹶ ْ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ﻔﺴﻬ ْ َ ﹶﻨ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َﹶْ ﹺ ﹶ ْ ُ‬‫ﹶﺃﻥ ﻟﹶﺎ ﻣﻠﺠﺄ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹺﺇﱠﺎ ﹺﺇﹶﻟﻴﻪ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺗَﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ِﻟﻴُﻮُﻮﺍ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ُـﻮ‬‫ﹾ َ ﹾ َ ﹶ ِ َ ﻠ ِ ﻟ ْ ِ ﻢ َ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َﺘ ﺑ ﻥ ﻠ َ ﻫ َ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﱠ ﱠﺍﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺣِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧١١ – ٨١١[.‬ ‫ﺘﻮ ُ ﺮ ُ‬‫ﻭﻗﺪ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﰲ ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺗﺒﻮﻙ، ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﻗﺪ ﺧﺮﺝ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ‬‫ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﰲ ﺳﻨﺔ ﳎﺪﺑﺔ ﻭﺣﺮ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﻭﻋﺴﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﺍﺩ ﻭﺍﳌﺎﺀ‬‫ﺣﱴ ﻇﻨﻮﺍ ﺃﻥ ﺭﻗﺎﻬﺑﻢ ﺳﺘﻨﻘﻄﻊ ﻣﻦ ﻫﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﻳﻜﺎﺑﺪﻭﻧﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻄـﺶ،‬‫ﻭﺣﱴ ﻛﺎﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﻌﺾ ﺃﻥ ﻳﺰﻳﻎ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳊﻖ ﳌﺎ ﻧﺎﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺸﺪﺓ ﻭﺍﳌﺸﻘﺔ، ﰒ‬‫ﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﲪﺔ ﺍﷲ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺑﱪﻛﺔ ﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﻓﺴﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﺴـﻤﺎﺀ ﻓﻬﻄﻠـﺖ‬
  • 43. ‫٧٤‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻓﺴﻘﻮﺍ ﻭﺍﺭﺗﻮﻭﺍ، ﰒ ﺗﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺗﻮﺑﺔ ﺗﺆﻛﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﰲ ﺻـﺪﺭﻫﺎ‬‫ﻭﰲ ﻋﺠﺰﻫﺎ. ﰒ ﺍﻣﺘﺪﺕ ﺭﲪﺘﻪ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ ﻓﺸﻤﻞ ﺑﺘﻮﺑﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﺜﻼﺛﺔ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﱠ‬‫ﺧﻠﻔﻮﺍ ﻭﻛﺎﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻗﺪ ﺃﺭﺟﺄ ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﺗﻮﺑﺘﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻘﻀـﻲ ﺍﷲ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﻢ، ﻭﻫﻜﺬﺍ ﺗﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻰ ﲨﻴﻊ ﻣﻦ ﺧﺮﺟﻮﺍ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻐﺰﻭﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻋﺪﺩﻫﻢ ﺛﻼﺛﲔ ﺃﻟﻔﹰﺎ ﻛﻤﺎ ﺗﺬﻛﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺍﻟﺴﲑﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺎﺭﻳﺦ.‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﺁﺧ ُﻭﻥ ﺍﻋﺘﺮ ﹸﻮﺍ ﹺﺑﺬُﻮﹺﺑﻬﻢ ﺧﻠ ﹸﻮﺍ ﻋﻤﻠﹰﺎ ﺻَﺎِﻟﺤًﺎ ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﺳﱢﺌﹰﺎ‬ ‫َ َ َ َ َﻴ‬ ‫َ َ َﺮ ﹶ َْ َﻓ ﹸﻧ ﹺ ْ َ ﹶﻄ َ َ‬ ‫ﻋﺴَﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ َﻳُﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻏ ﹸﻮ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٢٠١[.‬ ‫ﻠ ُ ﹾ ﺘ َ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ ﻥ ﻠ َ ﹶﻔ ﺭ َ ﻢ‬ ‫َ‬‫ﻭﺍﳉﻤﻬﻮﺭ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﰲ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﲣﻠﻔﻮﺍ ﻋـﻦ‬‫ﻏﺰﻭﺓ ﺗﺒﻮﻙ، ﻭﺃﻭﺛﻘﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﳌﺴـﺠﺪ ﻭﺍﻗﺴـﻤﻮﺍ ﺃﻻ‬‫ﻳﻄﻠﻘﻮﺍ ﺃﻧﻔﺴﻬﻢ ﺣﱴ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻄﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻭﻳﺮﺿـﻲ‬‫ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﻄﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺣﱴ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ، ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﺃﺭﺳـﻞ‬ ‫ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻓﺄﻃﻠﻘﻬﻢ ﻭﻋﺬﺭﻫﻢ.‬‫ﻭﻗﻴﻞ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﰲ ﺷﺄﻥ ﺃﰊ ﻟﺒﺎﺑﺔ ﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭﻱ ﺧﺎﺻﺔ ﰲ ﺷﺄﻧﻪ ﻣﻊ‬‫ﺑﲏ ﻗﺮﻳﻈﺔ ﻭﺫﻟﻚ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻛﻠﻤﻮﻩ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻨﺰﻭﻝ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﻜﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺭﺳـﻮﻟﻪ ،‬‫ﻓﺄﺷﺎﺭ ﳍﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺣﻠﻘﻪ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﱯ ‪ ‬ﺳﻮﻑ ﻳﺬﲝﻬﻢ ﺇﻥ ﻧﺰﻟـﻮﺍ ، ﰒ‬‫ﻧﺪﻡ ﻭﺭﺑﻂ ﻧﻔﺴﻪ ﰲ ﺳﺎﺭﻳﺔ ﻣﻦ ﺳﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﳌﺴﺠﺪ ، ﻓﻤﻜﺚ ﻛـﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺣﱴ ﻋﻔﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻪ.‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻘﺼﺪ ﺃﻥ ﻧﺒﲔ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻗﺪ ﺗﺎﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻟﻘﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻋﺴَﻰ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‬‫ﻠُ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ﹶﺃﻥ َﻳُﻮﺏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‪ ‬ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺟﻲ ﰲ ﻛﻼﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻳﻔﻴﺪ ﲢﻘﻖ ﺍﻟﻮﻗﻮﻉ.‬ ‫ﹾ ﺘ َ َﹶْ ﹺ ْ‬
  • 44. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٨٤‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬‫١- ﺍﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺇﻣﺎﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ، ﻭﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺛﲎ ﺑﻪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ...‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﺧﻴﺮ ﹸ ﱠﺔ ﹸﺧﺮﺟﺖ ﻟِﻠﱠﺎﺱ َﺗﺄﻣ ُﻭﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤﻌ ُﻭﻑ ﻭَﺗﻨﻬَـﻮﻥ‬‫ﹸ ُْ ْ َ ْ َ ﺃﻣ ٍ ﺃ ْ ﹺ َ ْ ﻨ ﹺ ﹾ ُﺮ ﹶ َ ْﺮ ِ َ ْ ْ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﻨﻜﺮ ﻭُﺗﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱠﻪ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٠١١[.‬ ‫َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ﹶ ﹺ َ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻛﺬِﻟﻚ ﺟﻌﻠﻨَﺎﻛﻢ ﹸ ﱠﺔ ﻭﺳﻄﹰﺎ ِﻟﺘ ﹸﻮُﻮﺍ ﺷﻬﺪَﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠـﺎﺱ‬‫َ ﹶ ﹶ َ َ َ ﹾ ﹸ ْ ﺃ ﻣ ﹰ َ َ َﻜ ﻧ ُ َ َ َ ﻨ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻭَﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﺷﻬﹺﻴﺪًﺍ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺒﻘﺮﺓ: ٣٤١[.‬ ‫َ ﻜ ﹶ ﺮﺳ ﹸ َ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ‬‫ﺇﳕﺎ ﺣﻮﻟﻨﺎﻛﻢ ﺇﱃ ﻗﺒﻠﺔ ﺇﺑﺮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺍﻟﺴﻼﻡ ﻭﺍﺧﺘﺮﻧﺎﻫـﺎ ﻟﻜـﻢ‬‫ﻟﻨﺠﻌﻠﻜﻢ ﺧﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﻷﻣﻢ ﻟﺘﻜﻮﻧﻮﺍ ﻳﻮﻡ ﺍﻟﻘﻴﺎﻣﺔ ﺷـﻬﺪﺍﺀ ﻋﻠـﻰ ﺍﻟﻨـﺎﺱ،‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻮﺳﻂ ﻫﻨﺎ ﲟﻌﲎ ﺍﳋﻴﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﻷﺟﻮﺩ، ﻭﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﺼـﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺫﻟـﻚ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﻮﻝ ﺃﻭﱃ ﻷﻬﻧﻢ ﺃﻭﻝ ﻣﻦ ﺧﻮﻃﺒﻮﺍ ﻬﺑﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ.‬‫‪‬ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﻣِـﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹸـﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺎِﻟﺤَﺎﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ِﻠ‬ ‫َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ‬‫ﹶﻟﻴﺴﺘﺨﻠﻔﱠﻬُﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻛﻤَﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻴُﻤ ﱢﻨ ﱠ‬‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹶ َْ ْ ﹶ َ ﻟ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ َ َﻜَﻦ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﹶﻨ ْ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺩِﻳﻨ ُ ُ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﺍﺭَﺗﻀَﻰ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟُﺒ ﱢﹶﻟﱠ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﺧَـﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻣﻨًـﺎ‬ ‫ِْ ﹺ ْ ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ﻴَﺪ ﻨﻬ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ َﻬﻢ ﻟ‬‫َﻳﻌﺒ ُﻭَﻧﻨﹺﻲ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺸﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﻲ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ ﻭﻣﻦ ﻛﻔﺮ َﺑﻌﺪ ﺫِﻟﻚ ﻓﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ُـﻢ‬‫َ ْ َ َ ْ ﹶ ﹶ َ ْ َ ﹶ َ ﹶﺄ ِ َ ﻫ ُ‬ ‫ْ ﹺﻛ ﹶ‬ ‫ُْﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺳ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٥٥[.‬ ‫ِﻘ ﹶ‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺑﺎﻻﺳﺘﺨﻼﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻤﻜﲔ ﻭﺍﻷﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﺁﻣﻦ‬‫ﻭﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﺎﺕ ﻭﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺣﺪﻩ ﻓﻠﻢ ﻳﺸﺮﻙ ﺑﻪ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ، ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﻫﻢ‬
  • 45. ‫٩٤‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺍﳌﻌﻨﻴﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳌﻘﺎﻡ ﺍﻷﻭﻝ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺑﺪﻻﻟﺔ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﻣـﻨﻜﻢ[ ﻭﻗـﺪ‬‫ﺻﺪﻗﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ، ﻭﻓﺘﺢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻣﺸـﺎﺭﻕ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻣﻐﺎﺭﻬﺑـﺎ‬‫ﻭﺟﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﺍﳋﻠﻔﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻷﺋﻤﺔ، ﻓﺜﺒﺘﺖ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺇﻣﺎﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ، ﻭﺻـﺢ‬ ‫ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻫﻢ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺎﳊﻮﻥ.‬ ‫٢- ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ:‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺃﺛﲎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﺑﻘﲔ ﺍﻷﻭﻟﲔ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳌﻬـﺎﺟﺮﻳﻦ‬‫ﻭﺍﻷﻧﺼﺎﺭ ﻭﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺒﻌﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ، ﻓﺠﻌﻞ ﺍﺗﺒﺎﻋﻬﻢ ﺑﺈﺣﺴـﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻼ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺮﺿﺎﺗﻪ ﻭﺭﺿﻮﺍﻧﻪ.‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ ﱠﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَـﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَـﺎﺭ ﻭﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﹺ َﻟ َ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻘ ﹶ ﹶﻭ ﻟ ﹶ ِ َ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ‬‫ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺣﺴَﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﺍ ﻋﻨ ُ ﻭﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﱠـﺎﺕ‬‫ﺗَﻌ ُ ْ ﹺ ْ ٍ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َﺿ َ ْﻪ َ َﺪ ُ ْ َﻨ ٍ‬‫َﺗﺠ ﹺﻱ َﺗﺤﺘ َﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧ َﺎﺭ َﺎِﻟ ِﻳﻦ ِﻴ َﺎ ﹶﺃَﺑ ًﺍ ﺫِـﻚ ﺍﹾﻟ ﹶـﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌ ِـﻴ ُ‪‬‬ ‫ْﺮ َْﻬ ﹶ ﻬ ُ ﺧ ﺪ َ ﻓ ﻬ ﺪ ﹶﻟ َ ﻔ ْ ُ َﻈ ﻢ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٠١[.‬ ‫ﻭﺗﻮﻋﺪ ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺎﺭ ﻭﺳﻮﺀ ﺍﳌﺼﲑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﺳﺒﻴﻼ ﻏﲑ ﺳﺒﻴﻠﻬﻢ:‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﻣﻦ ُﻳﺸَﺎﻗﻖ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ َﺗﺒﱠﻦ ﹶﻟ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻬﺪَﻯ ﻭَﻳﱠﺒﻊ ﻏﻴْـﺮ‬‫َ َ ْ ِ ﹺ ﺮﺳ ﹶ ِ ْ ْ ِ َﻴ َ ﻪ ُ َ ﺘﹺ ْ ﹶ َ‬‫ﺳﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ُﻮﱢﻪ َﺎ َﺗﻮﱠﻰ ﻭُﺼﻠﻪ ﺟﻬﱠﻢ ﻭ َـﺎﺀﺕ ﻣ ِـ ًﺍ‪‬‬ ‫َﺒ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ ﻧ َﻟ ِ ﻣ َﻟ َﻧ ْ ِ ِ َ َﻨ َ َﺳ َ ْ َﺼ ﲑ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٥١١[.‬‫٣- ﺍﻟﺜﻨﺎﺀ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺿﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺍﻹﻣﺴﺎﻙ ﻋﻤـﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺮ ﺑﻴﻨﻬﻢ:‬
  • 46. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٠٥‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَﺎ ﻭِﻟﺈﺧﻮَﺍﹺﻧﻨَـﺎ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ﺀ ِ ْ ْ ِ ِ ْ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َﺑ ﹾ ِ ْ َ ﹺ ْ‬‫ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺳﺒ ﹸﻮﻧَﺎ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻨَﺎ ﻏ ًّﺎ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻨَـﺎ‬ ‫ﹺ ِ َ ْ َ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ِﻠ ﻠ َ َ َﻨ َﺑ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻘ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﺭ ُﻭ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺸﺮ: ٠١[.‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﺀ ﻑ َ ﻢ‬ ‫٤- ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺼﻤﺔ ﻷﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ:‬‫ﻓﻼ ﻋﺼﻤﺔ ﻷﺣﺪ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺳـﻮﻝ ‪ ‬ﻭﺃﻥ ﺫﻟـﻚ ﻻ ﻳﻘـﺪﺡ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺇﻣﺎﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﳍﻢ ﲝﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ.‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺻﺪﻗ ﹸ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻭﻋﺪ ُ ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗﺤ ﱡﻮَﻧﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺫﻧﹺـﻪ ﺣﱠـﻰ ﹺﺇﺫﹶﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ َ َ ﹶﻜﻢ ﻠ ُ َ ْ َﻩ ﹾ ُﺴ ُ ْ ﹺ ﹾ ِ َﺘ‬‫ﻓﺸﻠﺘﻢ ﻭَﺗﻨَﺎﺯﻋﺘﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﻣﺮ ﻭﻋﺼﻴﺘﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﺭَﺍﻛﻢ ﻣَﺎ ُﺤﱡـﻮﻥ‬‫ﹸ ْ ﺗ ِﺒ ﹶ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ َ َ َ ُْ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ِ ﹾُ ْ َ َ ُْ ْ‬‫ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻭﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻣﻦ ُﻳﺮﹺﻳﺪ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﹸﺛ ﱠ ﺻﺮﻓﻜﹸﻢ ﻋَـﻨﻬﻢ‬‫ِْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ ﺪ َ ِْ ﹸ ْ َ ْ ُ َ ِ َ ﹶ ﻢ َ َﹶ ْ ْ ُ ْ‬‫ِﻟﻴﺒﺘﻠﻴ ﹸﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋ ﹶﺎ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ َﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀْـﻞ ﻋ ﹶـﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ُـﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪‬‬ ‫ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﹴ َﻠ‬ ‫َ َْ َِﻜ ْ َ ﹶ ْ َﻔ َ ْ ﹸ ْ ﻭ ﻠ ُ ﺫ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٢٠١[.‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻷﻡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﱪﺍﺀﺓ‬ ‫ﳑﺎ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻓﻚ:‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺳﺠﻞ ﺑﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﺃﻡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﳑﺎ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻹﻓـﻚ،‬‫ﻭﺟﻌﻞ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻗﺮﺁﻧًﺎ ﻳﺘﻠﻰ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ، ﻓﻜﺎﻧﺖ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺳـﻮﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﻨـﻮﺭ‬‫ﺩﺭﺳًﺎ ﺑﻠﻴﻐًﺎ ﻟﻠﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ، ﻭﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ ﺑﺘﱪﺋﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ، ﻭﻣﺎﺗـﺖ‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﺘﻨﺔ ﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ، ﻭﻟﻘﻲ ﻣﻦ ﲣﻮﺿﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﺟﺰﺍﺀﻫﻢ، ﻭﲤﺖ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺭﺑـﻚ‬
  • 47. ‫١٥‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﻗﹰﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻻ.‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺈﻓﻚ ﻋﺼﺒ ﹲ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ ﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺤﺴُﻮﻩ ﺷ ‪‬ﺍ ﹶﻟ ﹸـﻢ‬‫ﻥ ﻟ َ ﺀ ﹺ ﹾ ِ ُ َْﺔ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ ْ َﺒ ُ َﺮ ﻜ ْ‬‫َﺑﻞ ُﻮ ﺧﻴ ٌ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ِﻟﻜ ﱢ ﺍﻣﺮﺉ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﺍﻛﺘﺴﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺈﹾﺛﻢ ﻭَﺍﱠـﺬِﻱ‬ ‫ﹾَ َ َ ِ َ ﹺ ﹺ ﻟ‬ ‫ﹾ ﻫ َ َ ْﺮ ﹸ ْ ﹸﻞ ْ ﹺ ﹴ ِ ْ ُ ْ‬‫َﺗﻮﱠﻰ ﻛﺒﺮ ُ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﹶﻟ ُ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ * ﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶـﺎ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺳَـﻤﻌﺘ ُﻮﻩ ﻇﹶـ ﱠ‬‫ِ ْ ُﻤ ُ ﻦ‬ ‫ﹾ‬ ‫َﻟ ِ ْ َﻩ ِ ْ ُ ْ ﻪ َ ﺏ َ ﻢ ْ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﹺﺑﺄْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﺧﻴﺮًﺍ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﹺﺇﻓ ٌ ﻣﺒ ٌ * ﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶﺎ‬ ‫ُ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ ُ ْ ِ ُ ﹶ ِ ﹺ ْ َ ْ َ ﻟ َ ﹾﻚ ُ ﹺ ﲔ ْ‬‫ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﹺﺑﺄﺭَﺑﻌﺔ ﺷﻬﺪَﺍﺀ ﻓﺈﺫ ﹶﻟﻢ َﻳﺄُﻮﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﻟ ﱡﻬﺪَﺍﺀ ﻓﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ‬‫ﺀ َ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹶ ْ َ ِ ُ َ َ ﹶﹺ ﹾ ْ ﹾﺗ ﺸ َ ِ ﹶﺄ ِ َ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ‬‫ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻜﹶﺎﺫُﻮﻥ * ﻭﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶﺎ ﻓﻀ ﹸ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻜﻢ ﻭﺭﺣﻤُـﻪ ﻓِـﻲ ﺍﻟـ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫ُ ُ ِﺑ ﹶ َ ْ ﹶ ْﻞ ﻠ ِ َ ﹶ ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ْ َﺘ ُ‬‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﹶﻟﻤ ﱠ ﹸﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﺃﻓﻀﺘﻢ ﻓِﻴﻪ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﻋﻈِـﻴ ٌ * ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗﻠ ﱠﻮﻧَـﻪ‬‫ﹶ ْ ُ ْ ِ َ ﺏ َ ﻢ ﹾ ﹶﻘ ْ ُ‬ ‫َ ِ َ ِ َﺴﻜ ْ‬‫ﹺﺑﺄﹾﻟﺴﻨﺘﻜﹸﻢ ﻭَﺗﻘﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﺄﻓﻮَﺍﻫﻜﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻋﻠ ٌ ﻭَﺗﺤﺴُﻮَﻧ ُ ﻫﱢﻨًﺎ‬ ‫ﹶ َِِ ْ َ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ِ ﹸ ْ ْ َ ﹸ ْ ِ ِ ﹾﻢ َ ْ َﺒ ﻪ َﻴ‬‫ﻭ ُﻮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ * ﻭﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺳﻤﻌﺘ ُﻮﻩ ﻗﻠﺘﻢ ﻣَﺎ َﻳ ﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻨَـﺎ ﹶﺃﻥ‬‫ﹾ‬ ‫َ ﻫ َ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ َ ﻢ َ ْ ﹾ َ ِ ْ ُﻤ ُ ﹸ ﹾ ُ ْ ﻜ ﹸ‬‫َﻧﺘﻜ ﱠﻢ ﹺﺑﻬﺬﹶﺍ ﺳﺒﺤَﺎَﻧﻚ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ُﺑﻬﺘَﺎ ﹲ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ * َﻳﻌ ﹸ ﹸﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ َﺗ ُـﻮ ُﻭﺍ‬ ‫َ ﹶﻠ َ َ ُ ْ َ َ ْ ﻥ َ ﻢ ِﻈﻜ َ ﻠ ُ ﹾ ﻌ ﺩ‬‫ﹾ ﹸ ْ ُ ْ ْ ِ ﹺ َ َ ﻳ َ ﻴ ُ ﻠ ُ ﻜﻢ َ ِ ﻠ ُ َ ﻢ‬‫ِﻟﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﹶﺃَﺑﺪًﺍ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﻨﺘﻢ ﻣُﺆﻣﻨﲔ * ﻭُﺒﱢﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟ ﹸ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺂﻳَﺎﺕ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠِـﻴ ٌ‬ ‫ِﹾِ ِ‬‫ﺣﻜِﻴ ٌ * ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ُﻳﺤﱡﻮﻥ ﹶﺃﻥ َﺗﺸِﻴﻊ ﺍﹾﻟﻔﹶﺎﺣﺸ ﹸ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ‬‫َ ﻢ ﻥ ﻟ َ ِ ﺒ ﹶ ﹾ َ ِ َﺔ ﻟ َ َ َ ﻨ ُ ْ‬‫ﻋ ﹶﺍ ٌ ﹶﺃِﻴ ٌ ِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧَﺎ َﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ َﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ َﻳﻌﻠ ُ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﺘﻢ ﹶـﺎ َﺗﻌﻠ ُـﻮﻥ‪‬‬ ‫َﺬ ﺏ ﻟ ﻢ ﻓ ﺪ ﻴ ﻭ َ ِ َ ِ ﻭ ﻠ ُ ْ ﹶﻢ َ ُ ْ ﻟ ْ ﹶﻤ ﹶ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ١١-٩١[.‬ ‫ﺇﱃ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ:‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﻳﺮ ُﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺼﻨَﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻐَﺎﻓﻠﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﹸﻌُﻮﺍ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﻥ ﻟ َ ْﻣ ﹶ ُ ْ َ ِ ِ ِ ُ ْ ِ ِ ﻟ ِ ﻨ‬‫ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﻟ ُﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ * َﻳﻮﻡ َﺗﺸﻬ ُ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﹾﻟﺴِـﻨُ ُﻢ‬‫َﺘﻬ ْ‬ ‫َ ِ َ ِ َ ﻬ ْ َ ﺏ َ ﻢ ْ َ ْ َﺪ َ ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﻭﹶﺃْﻳﺪِﻳﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃﺭ ُ ﹸ ُﻢ ﹺﺑﻤَﺎ ﻛﹶﺎُﻮﺍ َﻳﻌﻤ ﹸﻮﻥ * َﻳﻮﻣﺌﺬ ُﻳﻮ ﱢﻴﻬ ُ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺩِﻳﻨ ُ ُ‬‫ﻧ ْ َﻠ ﹶ ْ َِ ٍ َﻓ ﹺﻢ ﻠ ُ َﻬﻢ‬ ‫َ ﹺ ْ َ ْﺟﻠﻬ ْ‬‫ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱠ ﻭَﻳﻌﻠ ُﻮﻥ ﹶﺃ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ُﻮ ﺍﹾﻟﺤ ﱡ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺒ ُ * ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒﹺﻴﺜﹶـﺎﺕ ِﻟﻠﺨﺒﹺﻴـﺜﲔ‬‫ُ ﹾَ َِ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﻖ َ ْ ﹶﻤ ﹶ ﻥ ﻠ َ ﻫ َ َﻖ ﻤﹺﲔ‬
  • 48. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٢٥‬‫ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒﹺﻴﹸﻮﻥ ِﻟﻠﺨﺒﹺﻴﺜﹶﺎﺕ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﱢﺒَﺎﺕ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﱢﺒﲔ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﱢُﻮﻥ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﱢﺒَﺎﺕ ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ‬‫َ ﺜ ﹶ ﹾ َ ِ ﻄ ﻴ ُ ﻄ ﻴ ﹺ َ ﻄ ﻴ ﺒ ﹶ ﻄﻴ ِ ﺃ ِ َ‬ ‫ﻣﺒ ﱠ ُﻭﻥ ﻣ ﱠﺎ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﻛﺮ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٣٢-٦٢[.‬ ‫َُﺮﺀ ﹶ ِﻤ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﹶ ﹺﱘ‬‫ﻭﺇﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺗﺄﻣﻞ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﳝﺔ ﻭﻣﺎ ﻓﻴﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺩﺭﻭﺱ ﻭﻋـﱪ‬‫ﻟﻴﺪﺭﻙ ﺑﺸﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﳉﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺘﺮﻓﻪ ﺍﳌﺒﻄﻠﻮﻥ ﳑﻦ ﻳﺼﺮﻭﻥ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻴﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺳﺐ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﳌﻄﻬﺮﺓ، ﺯﻭﺝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﻭﺣﻠﻴﻠـﺔ ﺧﻠﻴﻠـﻪ ‪ ‬ﻻ‬‫ﺳﻴﻤﺎ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻮﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﺪﻓﺎﻉ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﻭﺷﻬﺪ ﺑﱪﺍﺀﻬﺗﺎ ﺍﳌﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﻼﻡ!‬ ‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﺴﻤﻪ ﺍﷲ ﺇﻓﻜﹰﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ:‬ ‫‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺈﻓﻚ ﻋﺼﺒ ﹲ ﻣﻨﻜﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ١١[.‬ ‫ﻥ ﻟ َ ﺀ ﹺ ﹾ ِ ُ ْ َﺔ ِ ْ ﹸ ْ‬‫ﻭﻗﻮﻟﻪ: ‪‬ﹶﻟﻮﻟﹶﺎ ﹺﺇﺫ ﺳﻤﻌﺘ ُﻮﻩ ﻇ ﱠ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﹺﺑﺄْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ‬‫ْ ﹾ َ ِ ْ ُﻤ ُ ﹶ ﻦ ُ ْ ِ ﻨ ﹶ ُ ْ ِ ُ ﹶ ِ ﹺ ْ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺮًﺍ ﻭﻗﹶﺎﹸﻮﺍ ﻫﺬﹶﺍ ﹺﺇﻓ ٌ ﻣﺒ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٢١[.‬ ‫َ ْ َ ﻟ َ ﹾﻚ ُ ﹺ ﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﻫﻞ ﺍﻹﻓﻚ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻜﺬﺏ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻬﺖ ﻭﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺀ؟‬ ‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﻘﻞ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺰﺓ ﻟﻠﺬﻳﻦ ﲣﻮﺿﻮﺍ ﻓﻴﻪ:‬‫ﹾ ﹶﻘ ْ ﹶ َِِ ْ َ ﻟ ﹶ ﹶ ﹾ ِ ﹸ ْ ْ َ ﹸ ْ ِ ِ ﹾﻢ‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇﺫ َﺗﻠ ﱠﻮَﻧﻪُ ﹺﺑﺄﹾﻟﺴﻨﺘﻜﹸﻢ ﻭَﺗﻘﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹺﺑﺄﻓﻮَﺍﻫﻜﻢ ﻣَﺎ ﹶﻟﻴﺲ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﹺﺑﻪ ﻋﻠ ٌ‬ ‫ﻭَﺗﺤﺴُﻮَﻧﻪ ﻫﱢﻨًﺎ ﻭ ُﻮ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٥١[.‬ ‫َ ْ َﺒ ُ َﻴ َﻫ َ ِ ْ َ ﻠ ِ َ ﻢ‬ ‫ﺃﱂ ﳛﺬﺭﻫﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻌﻮﺩﺓ ﺇﱃ ﻣﺜﻠﻪ ﺃﺑﺪًﺍ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ:‬‫‪َ‬ﻳﻌ ﹸ ﹸﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﺃﻥ َﺗ ُﻮ ُﻭﺍ ِﻟﻤﺜﻠﻪ ﹶﺃَـ ًﺍ ﹺﺇﻥ ﻛﻨْـﺘﻢ ُـﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪‬‬ ‫ِﻈﻜ َ ﻠ ُ ﹾ ﻌ ﺩ ِ ﹾ ِ ِ ﺑ ﺪ ﹾ ﹸ ُ ْ ﻣ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٧١[.‬‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﺘﻮﻋﺪ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﻳﺮﻣﻮﻥ ﺍﶈﺼﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻐﺎﻓﻼﺕ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﺎﺕ ﺑﺎﻟﻠﻌﻨﺔ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺪﻧﻴﺎ ﻭﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ ﺑﻘﻮﻟﻪ:‬
  • 49. ‫٣٥‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ َﻳﺮ ُﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺤﺼﻨَﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻐَﺎﻓﻠﹶﺎﺕ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨَﺎﺕ ﹸﻌُﻮﺍ ﻓِﻲ‬ ‫ﻥ ﻟ َ ْﻣ ﹶ ُ ْ َ ِ ِ ِ ُ ْ ِ ِ ﻟ ِﻨ‬ ‫ﺍﻟ ﱡْﻧﻴَﺎ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺂﺧﺮﺓ ﻭﹶﻟ ُﻢ ﻋﺬﹶﺍ ٌ ﻋﻈِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٣٢[.‬ ‫َ ِ َِ َ ﻬ ْ َ ﺏ َ ﻢ‬ ‫ﺪ‬‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﻘﻞ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ: ‪‬ﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒﹺﻴﺜﹶـﺎﺕ ِﻟﻠﺨﺒﹺﻴـﺜﲔ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺨﺒﹺﻴﹸـﻮﻥ‬‫ُ ﹾَ َِ َ ﺜ ﹶ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫ِﻟﻠﺨﺒﹺﻴﺜﹶﺎﺕ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﱢﺒَﺎﺕ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﱢﺒﲔ ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﱢُﻮﻥ ﻟِﻠ ﱠﱢﺒَﺎﺕ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٦٢[.‬ ‫ﹾ َ ِ ﻄﻴ ُ ﻄ ﻴ ﹺ َ ﻄ ﻴ ﺒ ﹶ ﻄﻴ ِ‬‫ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﻳﻌﲏ ﺃﻥ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺗﺼﻠﺢ ﻟﺮﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ﺷـﺮﻋًﺎ ﻭﻻ‬‫ﻗﺪﺭًﺍ ﻟﻮ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﺧﺒﻴﺜﺔ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻣﺎ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻟﻴﺠﻌﻞ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺯﻭﺟًﺎ ﻟﺮﺳﻮﻟﻪ‬‫ﺇﻻ ﻭﻫﻲ ﻃﻴﺒﺔ ﻷﻧﻪ ﺃﻃﻴﺐ ﻣﻦ ﻛﻞ ﻃﻴﺐ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﺸﺮ؟ ﺑﺄﰊ ﻫﻮ ﻭﺃﻣـﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ.‬ ‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﺼﺮﺡ ﺍﷲ ﺑﱪﺍﺀﻬﺗﺎ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ:‬‫‪‬ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻣﺒ ﱠ ُﻭﻥ ﻣ ﱠﺎ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ ﻣﻐ ِـﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﹶـﺮ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃ ِ َ َُﺮﺀ ﹶ ِﻤ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﻬ ْ َ ْﻔ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﻛ ﹺﱘ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٦٢[.‬ ‫ﺃﱂ ﻳﻌﺪﻫﺎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﺑﺎﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺯﻕ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﰲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ:‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﻛﺮ ٌ‪.‬‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﹶ ﹺﱘ‬‫ﻭﻫﻞ ﻟﺬﻟﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺇﻻ ﺃﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻳﺸﻬﺪ ﳍـﺎ ﲝﻘﻴﻘـﺔ ﺍﻹﳝـﺎﻥ‬‫ﻭﻳﺒﺸﺮﻫﺎ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺕ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻟﺘﺴﺘﺤﻖ ﺑﺬﻟﻚ ﺍﳌﻐﻔﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﻟـﺮﺯﻕ ﺍﻟﻜـﺮﱘ ﰲ‬ ‫ﺍﻵﺧﺮﺓ.‬‫ﻓﻬﻞ ﳚﻮﺯ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﺮﺟﻞ ﻳﺆﻣﻦ ﺑﺎﷲ ﻭﻛﻠﻤﺎﺗﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺴـﺐ ﺃﻡ‬‫ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳋﺒﺚ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﻳﺒﺔ؟ ﻭﻫﻞ ﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﻟﻔﻌﻠﻪ ﺣﻴﻨﺌﺬ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﺗﻔﺴﲑ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ ﺍﻟﺒﻮﺍﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﺼﺮﺍﺡ؟‬
  • 50. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٤٥‬ ‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﻃﻮﻓﻨﺎ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﻣﻊ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺮﱘ ﻧﺴﺘﻤﻊ ﻣـﻦ‬‫ﺧﻼﳍﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﺟﻞ ﻭﻋﻼ ﻷﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ‪ ‬ﲟﺎ ﻭﻗـﺮ ﰲ‬‫ﻗﻠﻮﻬﺑﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺣﻘﻴﻘﺔ ﺍﻹﳝﺎﻥ، ﻭﲟﺎ ﻛﺎﻧﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﺧﻼﺹ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻄﺎﻋﺎﺕ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺼﺪﻕ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻌﺒﺎﺩﺍﺕ، ﻭﲟﺎ ﺃﺛﲏ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳍﺠﺮﺓ ﻭﺍﳉﻬﺎﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮﺓ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﺑﺎﳌﻌﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﻬﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺍﳌﻨﻜﺮ ﻭﺍﳌﺴﺎﺭﻋﺔ ﰲ ﺍﳋﲑﺍﺕ.‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﻌﻨﺎ ﺇﱃ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺗﻪ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﺼـﻼﺡ ﻭﺍﻟﺼـﺪﻕ ﻭﺍﻟﻔـﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺷﺪ،‬ ‫‪‬ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺍﺷ ُﻭﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺠﺮﺍﺕ: ٧[.‬ ‫ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ﺮ ِﺪ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﺩ ﹸﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺸﺮ: ٨[.‬ ‫ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ﺼ ِﻗ ﹶ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺎِﻟﺤﲔ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٤١١[.‬ ‫َﺃ ِ َ ِ َ ﺼ ِ َ‬ ‫‪‬ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣُﻮﻥ ﺣ ًّﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٤٧[.‬ ‫ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ْ ِﻨ ﹶ َﻘ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻔﻠ ُﻮﻥ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٨٨[.‬ ‫َ ﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ﹾ ِﺤ ﹶ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﻭﻗﻔﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﻋﻼﻧﻪ ﺍﻟﺮﺿﺎ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ.‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﹺﺇﺫ َُﺎﹺﻳ ُﻮَﻧﻚ َﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺠﺮﺓ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ِ ﹺ َ ﹾ ﻳﺒ ﻌ َ ْ َ ﺸ َ َ ِ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٨١[.‬‫‪‬ﻭَﺍﻟ ﱠﺎﹺﺑ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺍﹾﻟﺄ ﱠﹸﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَـﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَـﺎﺭ ﻭَﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ‬‫ﹺ ﻟ َ‬ ‫ﺴ ﻘ ﹶ ﹶﻭ ﻟ ﹶ ِ َ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ‬ ‫ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻫﻢ ﹺﺑﺈﺣﺴَﺎﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺭ ُﻮﺍ ﻋﻨ ُ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٠٠١[.‬ ‫ﺗ َ ﻌ ُ ْ ﹺ ْ ٍ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ْ ُ ْ َ َ ﺿ َ ْﻪ‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺗَﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱢ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَﺎﺭ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻩ‬‫ﹶ ْ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﻨﹺﻲ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ ﹺ ﻟ َ ﺗَﻌ ُ‬
  • 51. ‫٥٥‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﻓِﻲ ﺳَﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺴﺮﺓ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧١١[.‬ ‫َِ ﻌ ْ َِ‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﻋ ﹶﺎ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ َﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹸﻭ ﻓﻀﻞ ﻋ ﹶﻰ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪‬‬ ‫َ ﹶ ْ َﻔ َ ْ ﹸ ْ ﻭ ﻠ ُ ﺫ ﹶ ْ ﹴ َﻠ ﻤ ْ ِﹺ َ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﳊﺴﲎ ﻭﺑﺎﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ ﺍﳌﻘﻴﻢ ﰲ ﺟﻨﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﻌﻴﻢ:‬ ‫‪‬ﻭﻛ ًّﺎ ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﹾﻟﺤﺴﻨَﻰ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺪﻳﺪ: ٠١[، ]ﺍﻟﻨﺴﺎﺀ: ٥٩[.‬ ‫َ ﹸﻠ َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ُ ْ‬ ‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻣﻐﻔﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﻛﺮ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٤٧[.‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ْ ِ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﹶ ﹺﱘ‬‫ﻢ‬‫‪ُ‬ﺒ ﱢ ُ ُﻢ ﺭﱡﻬﻢ ﹺﺑﺮﺣﻤﺔ ﻣﻨ ُ ﻭﺭﺿﻮَﺍﻥ ﻭﺟﱠﺎﺕ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ َﻧﻌِـﻴ ٌ‬ ‫ﻳَﺸﺮﻫ ْ َﺑ ُ ْ َ ْ َ ٍ ِ ْﻪ َ ﹺ ْ ٍ َ َﻨ ٍ ُ ْ‬ ‫ﻣﻘِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ١٢[.‬ ‫ُ ﻢ‬‫‪‬ﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﱠـﺎﺕ َﺗﺠْـ ﹺﻱ ِـﻦ َﺗﺤﺘ َـﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧ َـﺎ ُ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶﻬ ﺭ‬ ‫ﺮ ﻣ ْ ِْﻬ‬ ‫َﺪ ﻠ ُ ُ ْ َﻨ ٍ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٩٨[.‬‫ﰒ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻥ ﰲ ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﷲ ﳍﻢ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﱪﺋﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﻬﺗﻤـﺔ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺭﻣﺎﻫﻢ ﻬﺑﺎ ﺍﳌﺒﻄﻠﻮﻥ ﻭﺇﻻ ﻟﺰﻡ ﺍﻟﺘﻨﺎﻗﺾ ﰲ ﺧـﱪ ﺍﷲ ﻋـﺰ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻞ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻦ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻋﻠﻮًﺍ ﻛﺒﲑًﺍ.‬‫ﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹺﺇ ﱠ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻨَﺎﻓﻘﲔ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﺭﻙ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺳﻔﻞ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﱠﺎﺭ ﻭﻟﹶـﻦ‬‫ﺪ ْ ِ ﹶ ْﹶ ﹺ ِ َ ﻨ ﹺ َ ْ‬ ‫ﻥ ُ ِِ َ‬ ‫َﺗﺠﺪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ َﻧﺼﲑًﺍ‪.‬‬ ‫ﹺَ ُْ ِ‬‫ﻭﻗﺎﻝ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ: ‪‬ﹶﻟﻜﻦ ﺍﻟ ﱠ ُﻮﻝ ﻭَﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﻣﻌَـﻪ ﺟَﺎﻫَـ ُﻭﺍ‬ ‫ﺪ‬ ‫َ ُ‬ ‫ِ ﹺ ﺮﺳ ﹸ ﻟ َ َ َ ﻨ‬‫ﹺﺑﺄﻣﻮَﺍِﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﺃْﻧﻔﹸﺴﻬﻢ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﹶﻟ ُ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﺨﻴﺮَﺍﺕ ﻭﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻫﻢ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﻔﻠ ُﻮﻥ‬‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ْ َ ِ ﹺ ْ َﺃ ِ َ ﻬﻢ َ ْ ُ َﺃ ِ َ ُ ُ ُ ﹾ ِﺤ ﹶ‬‫* ﹶﺃﻋ ﱠ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺟﱠﺎﺕ َﺗﺠﺮﹺﻱ ﻣﻦ َﺗﺤﺘﻬَﺎ ﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﻬَﺎﺭ ﺧَﺎِﻟﺪِﻳﻦ ﻓِﻴﻬَﺎ ﺫِﻟﻚ‬‫ﹶ َ‬ ‫َ‬ ‫َﺪ ﻠ ُ ُ ْ َﻨ ٍ ْ ِ ْ ِْ ﹶ ُ‬ ‫ﺍﹾﻟﻔﻮﺯ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﻈِﻴﻢ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٨٨، ٩٨[.‬ ‫ﹶ ُْ َ ُ‬‫ﰒ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﺟﻴﺶ ﲢﻘﻖ ﺑﻪ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮﺓ ﻭﻟﻴﺴﻮﺍ ﺃﻓﺮﺍﺩًﺍ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻛﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻳﺰﻋﻢ ﺍﳉﺎﻫﻠﻮﻥ.‬
  • 52. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٦٥‬ ‫‪ُ ‬ﻮ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﹶﺃﱠﺪﻙ ﹺﺑﻨﺼﺮﻩ ﻭﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﻤُﺆﻣﻨﲔ‪] ‬ﺍﻷﻧﻔﺎﻝ: ٢٦[.‬ ‫ﻫ َ ﻟ ﻳ َ َ َ ْ ﹺ ِ َ ْ ِﹺ َ‬‫‪‬ﻗﺪ ﻛﹶﺎﻥ ﹶﻟﻜﻢ ﺁَﻳ ﹲ ﻓِﻲ ﻓﺌﺘﻴﻦ ﺍﹾﻟﺘﻘﺘَﺎ ﻓﺌ ﹲ ُﺗﻘﹶﺎِﺗ ﹸ ﻓِﻲ ﺳﺒﹺﻴﻞ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﻪ‬‫َ ﹺ ﻠ ِ‬ ‫ﹶ ْ ﹶ ﹸ ْ َ ﺔ ِ ﹶ َ ْ ﹺ َ ﹶ ِ ﹶﺔ ﻞ‬ ‫ﻭﹸﺃﺧﺮَﻯ ﻛﹶﺎﻓﺮ ﹲ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٣١[.‬ ‫ِ َﺓ‬ ‫َ ْ‬‫‪‬ﻭﹺﺇﺫ ﻏﺪﻭﺕ ﻣﻦ ﹶﺃﻫﻠﻚ ُﺒ ﱢ ُ ﺍﹾﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻘﹶﺎﻋﺪ ِﻟﻠﻘﺘَـﺎﻝ‪] ‬ﺁﻝ‬ ‫َ ﹾ ﹶ َ ْ َ ِ ْ ْ ِ َ ﺗ َﻮﺉ ُ ْ ِ ﹺ َ َ ِ َ ﹾ ِ ﹺ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ: ٣١[.‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﹾﻟ ُﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﹺﺇﺫ َُﺎﹺﻳ ُﻮَﻧﻚ َﺗﺤﺖ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺠﺮﺓ‪‬‬ ‫ﹶ ْ َ ِ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﹺ ﻤ ْ ِ ﹺ َ ﹾ ﻳﺒ ﻌ َ ْ َ ﺸ َ َ ِ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻔﺘﺢ: ٨١[.‬‫‪‬ﹶﻟﻘﺪ ﺗَﺎﺏ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﻋﻠﹶﻰ ﺍﻟﱠﺒ ﱢ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﻤﻬَﺎﺟﺮﹺﻳﻦ ﻭَﺍﹾﻟﺄْﻧﺼَﺎﺭ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺍﱠﺒ ُﻮﻩ‬‫ﹶ ْ َ ﻠ ُ َ ﻨﹺﻲ ُ ﹺ َ ﹶ ﹺ ﻟ َ ﺗَﻌ ُ‬ ‫ﻓِﻲ ﺳَﺎﻋﺔ ﺍﹾﻟﻌﺴﺮﺓ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺑﺔ: ٧١١[.‬ ‫َِ ُ ْ َِ‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﺻﺪﻗﻬﻢ ﺍﷲ ﻭﻋﺪﻩ ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺨﻠﻔﻬﻢ ﰲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻭﻓﺘﺢ‬ ‫ﳍﻢ ﺍﳌﺸﺎﺭﻕ ﻭﺍﳌﻐﺎﺭﺏ.‬‫‪‬ﻭﻋﺪ ﺍﻟ ﱠﻪ ﺍﱠـﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُـﻮﺍ ﻣِـﻨﻜﻢ ﻭﻋﻤ ﹸـﻮﺍ ﺍﻟ ﱠـﺎِﻟﺤَﺎﺕ‬‫ِ‬ ‫ﺼ‬ ‫ْ ﹸ ْ َ َ ِﻠ‬ ‫َ َ َ ﻠ ُ ﻟ َ َ َﻨ‬‫ﹶﻟﻴﺴﺘﺨﻠﻔﱠﻬُﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﺍﹾﻟﺄﺭﺽ ﻛﻤَﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻠﻒ ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻠﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟﻴُﻤ ﱢﻨ ﱠ‬‫ﹶ ْ ﹺ ﹶ َْ ْ ﹶ َ ﻟ َ ِ ْ ﹶ ْ ِ ﹺ ْ َ َﻜَﻦ‬ ‫َ ْ َ ْ ِ ﹶﻨ ْ‬‫ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﺩِﻳﻨ ُ ُ ﺍﱠﺬِﻱ ﺍﺭَﺗﻀَﻰ ﹶﻟﻬﻢ ﻭﹶﻟُﺒ ﱢﹶﻟﱠ ُﻢ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪ ﺧَـﻮﻓﻬﻢ ﹶﺃﻣﻨًـﺎ‬ ‫ِْ ﹺ ْ ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ َ ﻴَﺪ ﻨﻬ ْ ِ ْ ْ ِ‬ ‫ْ‬ ‫ُ ْ َﻬﻢ ﻟ‬ ‫َﻳﻌﺒ ُﻭَﻧﻨﹺﻲ ﻟﹶﺎ ُﻳﺸﺮ ﹸﻮﻥ ﺑﹺﻲ ﺷﻴﺌﹰﺎ‪] ‬ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٥٥[.‬ ‫ْ ﹺﻛ ﹶ َ ْ‬ ‫ُْﺪ‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻛﻴﻒ ﲢﺪﺩ ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﺗﺒـﺎﻋﻬﻢ‬‫ﺑﺈﺣﺴﺎﻥ ﻭﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﻣﺎ ﺃﺛﲎ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻭﺍﻻﺳﺘﻐﻔﺎﺭ ﳍﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺮﺿﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﰒ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺍﻻﻋﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﺑﺎﻟﻌﺼﻤﺔ ﻷﺣﺪ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ.‬‫‪‬ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺟَﺎ ُﻭﺍ ﻣﻦ َﺑﻌﺪﻫﻢ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﺭﱠﻨَﺎ ﺍﻏﻔﺮ ﹶﻟﻨَـﺎ ﻭِﻟﺈﺧﻮَﺍﹺﻧﻨَـﺎ‬ ‫َﹺ ْ‬ ‫ﻟ َ ﺀ ِ ْ ْ ِ ِ ْ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ َﺑ ﹾ ِ ْ‬‫ﺍﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺳﺒ ﹸﻮﻧَﺎ ﺑﹺﺎﹾﻟﺈﳝَﺎﻥ ﻭﻟﹶﺎ َﺗﺠﻌﻞ ﻓِﻲ ﻗ ﹸﻮﹺﺑﻨَﺎ ﻏ ًّﺎ ِﻟ ﱠﺬِﻳﻦ ﺁﻣُﻮﺍ ﺭﱠﻨَـﺎ‬ ‫ﹺ ِ َ ْ َ ﹾ ﹸﻠ ِﻠ ﻠ َ َ َﻨ َﺑ‬ ‫ﻟ َ َ َﻘ‬
  • 53. ‫٧٥‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫ﹺﺇﱠﻚ ﺭ ُﻭ ٌ ﺭﺣِﻴ ٌ‪] ‬ﺍﳊﺸﺮ: ٠١[.‬ ‫ﻧ َ َﺀ ﻑ َ ﻢ‬‫ﰒ ﻋﺮﺟﻨﺎ ﺃﺧﲑًﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺍﻹﻓﻚ، ﻭﻭﻗﻔﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺷـﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺭﺏ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ ﺑﱪﺍﺀﺓ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ.‬‫‪‬ﹸﻭﹶﻟﺌﻚ ﻣﺒ ﱠ ُﻭﻥ ﻣ ﱠﺎ َﻳ ﹸﻮﹸﻮﻥ ﹶﻟ ُـﻢ ﻣﻐ ِـﺮ ﹲ ﻭﺭﺯ ٌ ﹶـﺮ ٌ‪‬‬ ‫ﺃ ِ َ َُﺮﺀ ﹶ ِﻤ ﻘ ﻟ ﹶ ﻬ ْ َ ْﻔ َﺓ َ ﹺ ْﻕ ﻛ ﹺﱘ‬ ‫]ﺍﻟﻨﻮﺭ: ٦٢[.‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ ...‬‫ﻓﻬﺬﺍ ﻫﻮ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻳﻘﺮﺅﻩ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻻ ﻳﻌﺮﻑ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻗﺮﺁﻧًﺎ‬‫ﻏﲑﻩ، ﻭﻗﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﰲ ﺁﻳﺎﺗﻪ ﺍﶈﻜﻤﺎﺕ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﺣﺾ ﺑﺎﻃﻞ ﺍﻟﻘـﻮﻡ ﻭﻳـﺄﰐ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﻬﻧﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﺍﻋﺪ‬
  • 54. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٨٥‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﻀﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﺇﻥ ﺗﻄﺎﻭﻝ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﻭﺍﻬﺗﺎﻣﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻟﻜﻔﺮ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﺓ ﻗﺪ ﻗﺎﺩﻫﻢ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻨﻬﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻈﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻗﺪ ﺗﻌﺮﺽ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺯﺍﺋﻎ ﻋـﻦ‬‫ﺍﻟﻄﺮﻳﻖ ﻭﻛﻞ ﻧﺎﻛﺐ ﻋﻦ ﺻﺮﺍﻁ ﺍﷲ، ﺃﻻ ﻭﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﻜﻔـﺮ ﺑﺂﻳـﺎﺕ ﺍﷲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺩﺓ ﻋﻦ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ.‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﺭﺃﻳﻨﺎ ﻓﻴﻤﺎ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺃﻥ ﰲ ﺻﺮﻳﺢ ﺍﻵﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻧﻴﺔ ﻣﺎ ﻳﺪﻙ ﻣﻌﺎﻗﻞ‬‫ﺿﻼﻻﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻭﳚﺘﺜﻬﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻷﺳﺎﺱ! ﻓﻤﺎﺫﺍ ﻳﻔﻌﻠﻮﻥ ﺃﻣﺎﻡ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺴﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﳉﺎﺭﻑ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﻮﺍﻋﻖ ﺍﶈﺮﻗﺔ؟‬‫ﻟﻘﺪ ﺳﺒﻖ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻢ ﺑﺸﻘﺎﻭﺓ ﻓﺮﻳﻖ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺮﻛﺒـﻮﺍ ﻣﺮﺍﻛـﺐ ﺍﻟﺒـﻮﺍﺭ‬‫ﻭﺍﳍﻼﻙ ﻭﺭﺍﺣﻮﺍ ﻳﻄﻌﻨﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻛﺘـﺎﺏ ﺍﷲ: ﻳﺸـﻜﻜﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺻـﺤﺘﻪ‬‫ﻭﻳﺴﻮﺩﻭﻥ ﺍﳌﻄﻮﻻﺕ ﰲ ﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﲢﺮﻳﻔﻪ. ﻧﺬﻛﺮ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﻄﱪﺳﻲ ﺻﺎﺣﺐ‬‫ﻛﺘﺎﺏ: ﻓﺼﻞ ﺍﳋﻄﺎﺏ ﰲ ﺇﺛﺒﺎﺕ ﲢﺮﻳﻒ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺏ ﺍﻷﺭﺑﺎﺏ! ﻭﻫﻲ‬‫ﻬﻧﺎﻳﺔ ﳛﺮﺹ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺇﺧﻔﺎﺋﻬﺎ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﺭﻱ ﻬﺑﺎ ﻷﻬﻧﺎ ﺗﻘﻄﻊ ﺁﺧﺮ ﻭﺷﻴﺠﺔ‬‫ﺗﺮﺑﻄﻬﻢ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ ﻭﲡﻌﻠﻬﻢ ﺑﺸﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ ﻛﻔﺎﺭًﺍ ﻣﺮﺗﺪﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻧﺎﺩﻗﺔ ﻣﺎﺭﻗﲔ!‬‫ﰒ ﺃﻭﻏﻞ ﺍﳌﺎﺭﻗﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﰲ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻠﻜﺎﺕ ﻓﻨﺴﺒﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺁﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ‬‫ﺭﺿﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺃﻥ ﻟﺪﻳﻬﻢ ﻗﺮﺃﻧًﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﻣﺼـﺤﻒ‬‫ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺿﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ ﻳﻘـﺮﺅﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ!‬
  • 55. ‫٩٥‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﻟﺴﻨﺎ ﺑﺼﺪﺩ ﻣﻨﺎﻗﺸﺔ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳍﺬﻳﺎﻥ ﻓﻘـﺪ ﺍﻧﻀـﻢ ﺃﺻـﺤﺎﺑﻪ ﺇﱃ‬‫ﻣﻮﺍﻛﺐ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﻭﺍﺠﻤﻟﻮﺱ ، ﻭﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺑﺄﲨﻌﻬﺎ ﻛﻠﻤﺘﻬﺎ‬‫ﻓﻴﻬﻢ ، ﻭﺣﺪﺩﺕ ﻣﻮﺍﻗﻔﻬﺎ ﻣﻌﻬﻢ ﻣﻨﺬ ﺯﻣﻦ ﻃﻮﻳﻞ، ﻭﺇﳕﺎ ﺃﺭﺩﻧﺎ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻧﺬﻛﺮ ﺫﻟﻚ ﻟﻨﺮﺷﺪ ﺇﱃ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ ﺍﻟﻌﱪﺓ ﻣﻨﻪ ﻭﻫﻮ ﺃﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻷﻫﻮﺍﺀ ﺃﺳـﺮﻉ‬‫ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺭﺩﺓ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﱂ ﻳﺴﻠﻤﻮﺍ ﻣﻦ ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻭﺗﻄﺎﻭﳍﻢ‬‫ﺍﻟﺒﻐﻴﺾ ﺭﻏﻢ ﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﻳﺮﻓﻌﻮﻥ ﺁﻳﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺼﺎﺭ ﻵﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ، ﻭﺍﻟـﱪﺍﺀﺓ ﳑـﻦ‬ ‫ﻇﻠﻤﻬﻢ.‬‫ﻭﺃﻱ ﻇﻠﻢ ﻵﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﷲ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﺃﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻥ‬‫ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻬﻢ ﻗﺮﺁﻧﺎ ﻏﲑ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﺗﻠﻘﻮﻩ ﻋـﻦ ﺭﺳـﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ،‬ﰒ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺍﻃﺆﻭﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻛﺘﻤﻪ ﻭﻋﺒﺪﻭﺍ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻐﲑﻩ ﻃﻴﻠﺔ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﻥ؟!‬‫ﺑﻞ ﻭﺃﻱ ﻇﻠﻢ ﻟﻌﻠﻲ ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ ﻭﻋﺪﻭﺍﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻪ‬‫ﻭﻫﻮ ﺍﳋﻠﻴﻔﺔ ﺍﳌﻤﻜﻦ ﺃﻧﻪ ﺃﺿﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺑﺄﻛﻤﻠﻬﺎ ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻬﺎ ﺗﻌﺒﺪ ﺍﷲ ﺑﻜﺘﺎﺏ‬‫ﻳﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﲢﺮﻳﻔﻪ ﻭﺑﻄﻼﻧﻪ، ﻭﰲ ﺣﻮﺯﺗﻪ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺼـﺤﻴﺢ ﻭﰲ ﻳﺪﻳـﻪ‬‫ﺍﻟﻘﺪﺭﺓ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﻪ ﻭﲪﻞ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﲟﺎ ﺃﻧﻌﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﻟـﺘﻤﻜﲔ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻟﺴﻠﻄﺎﻥ؟!‬‫ﻭﺃﻱ ﺍﻓﺘﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﷲ ‪ ‬ﺃﻥ ﻳﻨﺴـﺐ ﺇﻟﻴﻬـﺎ‬‫ﺍﻟﺘﺪﻟﻴﺲ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﳋﻴﺎﻧﺔ ﺑﺈﺩﻋﺎﺀ ﺃﻬﻧﺎ ﲤﻠﻚ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﳌﻨﺰﻝ ﺍﻟـﺬﻱ‬‫ﻳﺒﻠﻎ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺿﻌﺎﻑ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺍﺟﺘﻤﻌﺖ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻛﻠﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺓ‬‫ﺍﷲ ﺑﻪ ، ﻭﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﻒ ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ ﰒ ﲢﺠﺒـﻪ ﻋـﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ ﻟﺘﺘﺮﻙ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﺗﻀﻞ ﰲ ﺷﻌﺎﺏ ﺍﻟﺘﺤﺮﻳﻒ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻔﺮ؟!‬‫ﰒ ﻣﺎ ﻫﻮ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﳌﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﻟﻴﺲ ﻓﻴﻪ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺼﺤﻒ ﺍﳌﺴـﻠﻤﲔ‬
  • 56. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٠٦‬‫ﺣﺮﻑ ﻭﺍﺣﺪ؟ ﻭﻣﺎ ﺣﺮﻭﻓﻪ ﺍﻟﱵ ﻳﺘﺄﻟﻒ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺇﺫﹰﺍ؟ ﺃﻫﻲ ﺍﻟﺴـﺮﻳﺎﻧﻴﺔ ﺃﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﳍﲑﻭﻏﻠﻴﻔﻴﺔ؟ ﺃﻡ ﺃﻧﻪ ﻛﺘﺐ ﺑﻠﻐﺔ ﻻ ﺗﺘﻜﻮﻥ ﻣﻦ ﺍﳊﺮﻭﻑ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﻠﻤﺎﺕ؟‬ ‫ﻭﺑﻌﺪ...‬‫ﻓﻘﺪ ﻛﺎﻧﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﻫﻲ ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺿﻌﻨﺎﻫﺎ ﺑﲔ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻭﱄ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻟﺒﺎﺏ!‬‫ﻓﺄﻱ ﻋﺬﺭ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺫﻟﻚ ﳌﻦ ﻳﻨﺴﺐ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻹﺳﻼﻡ ﻭﻳﻜﻮﻥ ﰲ ﻗﻠﺒﻪ ﻏﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ ﺧﻴﺎﺭ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻭﺳﺎﺩﺍﺕ ﺃﻭﻟﻴﺎﺀ ﺍﷲ ﺗﻌﺎﱃ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻴﲔ؟‬‫ﻭﺃﻱ ﺣﺠﺔ ﳌﻦ ﻳﻘﺎﻝ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺷﺮ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﻠﺘﻜﻢ ؟ ﻓﻴﻘﻮﻟﻮﻥ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ‬‫ﳏﻤﺪ – ﻻ ﻳﺴﺘﺜﻨﻮﻥ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺇﻻ ﺍﻟﻘﻠﻴﻞ – ﺑﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﻟﻮ ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩﻱ ﻋﻦ‬‫ﺧﲑ ﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﻠﺘﻪ ﻟﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻣﻮﺳﻰ، ﻭﻟﻮ ﺳﺄﻟﺖ ﺍﻟﻨﺼﺮﺍﱐ ﻋﻦ ﺧﲑ‬ ‫ﺃﻫﻞ ﻣﻠﺘﻪ ﻟﻘﺎﻝ ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻋﻴﺴﻰ.‬‫ﺃﻓﻴﻜﻮﻥ ﺍﻟﻴﻬﻮﺩ ﻭﺍﻟﻨﺼﺎﺭﻯ ﺧﲑًﺍ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺎﺏ؟! ﻭﻫﻞ‬‫ﺗﺮﻭﻥ ﺃﺿﻞ ﳑﻦ ﺍﺗﺒﻊ ﻫﻮﺍﻩ ﺑﻐﲑ ﻫﺪﻯ ﻣﻦ ﺍﷲ؟ ﺃﻭ ﺃﻇﻠﻢ ﳑﻦ ﱂ ﺗﻜﻔـﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻭﱂ ﺗﻘﻨﻌﻪ ﺁﻳﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻜﺘﺎﺏ؟!‬ ‫ﻭﰲ ﻬﻧﺎﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻄﺎﻑ ﻧﺘﻮﺟﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﻟﻘﻮﻡ ﻬﺑﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﻨﺪﺍﺀ:‬ ‫ﻳﺎ ﻣﻦ ﺯﻟﺖ ﻬﺑﻢ ﺍﻟﻘﺪﻡ ﰲ ﺷﻲﺀ ﻣﻦ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﳌﻬﻠﻜﺎﺕ:‬‫ﺍﻗﺮﺅﻭﺍ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ﻭﺗﺪﺑﺮﻭﺍ ﻣﻌﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﺑﻌﻴـﺪًﺍ ﻋـﻦ ﺳـﻴﻄﺮﺓ ﺍﳍـﻮﻯ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﺘﻌﺼﺐ، ﻭﺍﺗﻘﻮﺍ ﻳﻮﻣًﺎ ﺗﺮﺟﻌﻮﻥ ﻓﻴﻪ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻓﻴﺨﺎﺻﻤﻜﻢ ﻓﻴﻪ ﳏﻤـﺪ‬‫‪ ‬ﻭﺃﺻﺤﺎﺑﻪ، ﺑﻞ ﻭﺁﻝ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﺍﻟﺬﻳﻦ ﺭﻓﻌﺘﻢ ﺭﺍﻳﺔ ﺍﻻﻧﺘﺼـﺎﺭ ﳍـﻢ ﰒ‬‫ﺃﺑﻠﻐﺘﻢ ﰲ ﺳﺒﻬﻢ ﻭﺍﻻﻓﺘﺮﺍﺀ ﻋﻠﻴﻬﻢ ﲟﺎ ﻧﺴﺒﺘﻤﻮﻩ ﺇﻟـﻴﻬﻢ ﻣـﻦ ﺍﳋﻴﺎﻧـﺔ‬
  • 57. ‫١٦‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬‫ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺘﻤﺎﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺘﺪﻟﻴﺲ! ﻓﺘﻮﺑﻮﺍ ﺇﱃ ﺍﷲ ﻭﺍﺳﺘﻐﻔﺮﻭﻩ ﻣﻦ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺃﻥ ﳜـﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﺍﻷﻣﺮ ﻣﻦ ﺃﻳﺪﻳﻜﻢ ﺑﺎﳌﻮﺕ ﻓﺘﺼﺒﺤﻮﺍ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺎ ﻓﻌﻠﺘﻢ ﻧﺎﺩﻣﲔ.‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺇﻧﻨﺎ ﻧﱪﺃ ﺇﻟﻴﻚ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺰﻳﻎ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻼﻟﺔ ، ﻭﻧﺸﻬﺪﻙ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺣـﺐ‬‫ﺃﺻﺤﺎﺏ ﻧﺒﻴﻚ ﻭﻣﻮﺍﻻﻬﺗﻢ ﲨﻴﻌًﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻨﺎﺯﳍﻢ ﺍﻟﱵ ﺃﻧﺰﻟﺘﻬﻢ ﺇﻳﺎﻫﺎ، ﻛﻤﺎ‬‫ﻧﺸﻬﺪﻙ ﺃﻥ ﻗﺮﻬﻧﻢ ﻫﻮ ﺧﲑ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﻭﻥ، ﻭﺃﻬﻧﻢ ﺍﻟﺼﺎﺩﻗﻮﻥ ﻭﺍﻟﺮﺍﺷـﺪﻭﻥ،‬ ‫ﻭﺃﻧﻪ ﻟﻮ ﺃﻧﻔﻖ ﺃﺣﺪﻧﺎ ﻣﻞﺀ ﺃﺣﺪ ﺫﻫﺒًﺎ ﻣﺎ ﺑﻠﻎ ﻣﺪ ﺃﺣﺪﻫﻢ ﻭﻻ ﻧﺼﻴﻔﻪ.‬‫ﻛﻤﺎ ﻧﺴﺄﻟﻚ ﺑﺄﲰﺎﺋﻚ ﺍﳊﺴﲎ ﻭﺻﻔﺎﺗﻚ ﺍﻟﻌﻠﻴﺎ ﺃﻥ ﲡﻤـﻊ ﻋﻠـﻰ‬‫ﺍﳊﻖ ﻛﻠﻤﺔ ﺍﳌﺴﻠﻤﲔ ﻭﺃﻥ ﻬﺗﺪﻱ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﺪﻉ ﻭﺍﻟﻀﻼﻟﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﻢ ﺃﲨﻌﲔ.‬‫ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ ﺑﺼﺮﻧﺎ ﺑﺎﳊﻖ ﻭﺃﲨﻊ ﻛﻠﻤﺘﻨﺎ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺑﺮﲪﺘﻚ ﻳﺎ ﺃﺭﺣﻢ ﺍﻟـﺮﺍﲪﲔ.‬ ‫ﺁﻣﲔ.‬‫ﻭﺍﷲ ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﺍﳊﻖ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻳﻬﺪﻱ ﺍﻟﺴﺒﻴﻞ ﻭﺁﺧﺮ ﺩﻋﻮﺍﻧﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﳊﻤـﺪ ﷲ‬ ‫ﺭﺏ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﳌﲔ.‬
  • 58. ‫ﻣﻨﺰﻟﺔ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ‬ ‫٢٦‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺱ‬‫ﻣﻘﺪﻣﺔ ...................................................... ٥‬‫ﺃﻣﺔ ﺗﺼﺎﻍ ﻷﻋﻈﻢ ﻣﻬﻤﺔ ...................................... ٨‬‫ﺗﺒﺸﲑ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ﺑﺎﳉﻨﺔ ﺑﺮﺍﺀﺓ ﳍﻢ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﻨﻔﺎﻕ .....................٠٣‬‫ﺍﳌﻨﺎﻓﻘﻮﻥ ﰲ ﺍﳌﺪﻳﻨﺔ ﻗﻠﺔ ﻣﺮﺫﻭﻟﺔ ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ.........................٢٣‬‫»ﻻ ﻋﺼﻤﺔ ﻟﻐﲑ ﺍﻷﻧﺒﻴﺎﺀ« ....................................٥٤‬‫ﻣﻮﻗﻒ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ .................................٨٤‬‫ﺷﻬﺎﺩﺓ ﺍﷲ ﻋﺰ ﻭﺟﻞ ﻷﻡ ﺍﳌﺆﻣﻨﲔ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺑﺎﻟﱪﺍﺀﺓ ................٠٥‬‫ﳑﺎ ﺭﻣﻴﺖ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻹﻓﻚ: .....................................٠٥‬‫ﺧﺎﲤﺔ ......................................................٤٥‬‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﺓ ﺍﻟﺮﺍﻓﻀﺔ ﰲ ﺍﻟﺼﺤﺎﺑﺔ ..................................٨٥‬‫ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﺇﱃ ﺇﻧﻜﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻘﺮﺁﻥ ......................................٨٥‬‫ﺍﻟﻔﻬﺮﺱ ....................................................٢٦‬