PROPHET
      MANNEROF
   PERFOMING


IP]R"&VEIRS
    By, SHEIKH
 ABDULAZIZ IBN BAZ
PROPHET
 PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S
MANNER OF PERFORMING
MANNER OF PERFORMING
       PRAYERS
       PRAYERS
     peaceand blessing...
PROPFMT
 PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S
ffi    OF PERFORMING
MANNER OF PERFORMING
      PRAYERS
      PRAYERS
 (May peace and blessing...
Muhammad's
 Prophet Muhammadts Manner of Per-
                           of
                  Prayers
          forming Pr...
1. To perform completely the ablution,
   1.    perform completely the ablution,
adopting the method commanded by Allah in...
the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing
the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing
the intention for prayer in audibl...
this openingsupplication  saying:
this opening supplication saying:
,a ~ 'I' .lJet{. tS ,f'Llk:>-'r4.tJ ~ -r.eLr-a-
"-'..r...
This supplicationmeans:
  This supplication means:
  "Praise and glory be to Allah. Blessedbe
  "Praise      glory be to A...
"Bism illahi-RahmaniRaheem"
  "Bism illahi-Rahmani Raheem"
  Which means:
  Which means:
      the nnmeof Allah, the All M...
of the Quran.
   the Quran.
   7. Then, the worshipperbows in "Ruku"
      Then, the worshipper bows
raising his handsup t...
Thee; forgive me my sins."
Thee;forgive my sins."
              me
   8. To raise one's head up from bowing,
   8.    rais...
please Thee besides them."
that which will pleaseTheebesidesthem."
     which
   But if the worshipperis a follower, and
 ...
9. To prostratesaying ,sidrt "Allahu Ak-
   9. To prostrate saying ~l.dsl "Allahu Ak-
bar" "Allah is Great". He should tou...
hamdika, Allahuma ghfir-liy."
hamdika, Allahuma I
                  Ighfir-liy."
         uJ r;bl ~I_!J~-,~..>~I 4;t .-,,r...
an optional prayer, the worshipper,while
or an optional prayer, the worshipper, while
prostrating, should neither bring hi...
The worshipper should feel tranquillity
  The worshipper should feel tranquillity
during this pause.
during this pause.
  ...
~ JA:.o ~.J.J-ll ~~t; ~ 1~1.J . ..lo.:1-~.J
     qb ,;jr,td.iJtl r . !-tn.,,1i -r+-, lilr .-t*tt .11-1

   Which means:
  ...
middle finger in a ring-shape,and useshis
middle finger in a ring-shape, and uses his
index finger ot point out as a sign ...
Mohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama
Mohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama
barkta ala lbrahima wa aali lbrahima. Inaka
barkta a...
trials
trials in life-time and after death, and from
                      and after death, and from
the imposter Antichri...
(prayer consisting of three units) as that of
(prayer consisting of three units) as that of
Maghrib prayer, (eveningprayer...
"Assalamu-alaikum rahmatu
                      wa
    "Assalamu-alaikum wa rahmatu Allah"
   while turning first to the r...
Which means:
  Which means:
   "Thereis no god but Allah. He is the One-
   "There                 Allah.      the One.
He...
(.;$'.5Js&
  Which means:
  Which means:
   "Thereis no god but Allah. He is the One.
   "There is no god but Allah. He is...
rogatory rr:ayersare called (Rawatib) which
 rogatory prayers are called (Rawatib) which
                                 ...
Whichmeans:
  Which 'means:
   "Whoeverprays optionally twelve Rakaat
   "Whoever prays optionally twelve Rakaat
every one...
cessand prosperity,and may Allah give His
cess and prosperity, and may Allah give His
blessingsand peaceto our ProphetMuha...
'eiau
           ,/J

                ~

         L;*lui t
         ~t:.
;)v*ubcy,a4*tt+V ~~
....;.~O'-rO~cY,/::rJ~?I
    ...
#dJ'd&d
I




_"........~   _ _ -J-"'~-         ...
   ".'''--'' ,,,     ,, .......
       " .:.04     ~
                         ...
PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS
PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS
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PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS

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PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS

  1. 1. PROPHET MANNEROF PERFOMING IP]R"&VEIRS By, SHEIKH ABDULAZIZ IBN BAZ
  2. 2. PROPHET PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S MANNER OF PERFORMING MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS PRAYERS peaceand blessings (May peace and blessings of Allah be on him) be on
  3. 3. PROPFMT PROPHET MOHAMMAD'S ffi OF PERFORMING MANNER OF PERFORMING PRAYERS PRAYERS (May peace and blessings of Allah be on him) peaceand blessings Allatr be on By His Eminence 'HETKH *ourtl#*r?iltffiT;tr* rBN SHEIKH ABDUL AZIZ IBN ABDULLAH IBN BAZ BAz
  4. 4. Muhammad's Prophet Muhammadts Manner of Per- of Prayers forming Prayers (May peaceandblessingsof Altah be upon peace and blessings of Allah be upon Him) All praise be to Allah alone, and may His All praise be alone, and may peaceand blessingsbe upon His messenger peace and blessings be upon messenger and bondman our Prophet Muhammad,his and bondman Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions. and his companions. The objective of this concise pamphletis The objective this concisepamphlet explain how prophet Muhammad (Peace to explain how prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessingsof Allah be upon him) used to and blessings be upon him) used perform his prayers. would to present perfonn his prayers. I would like to present this explanation every male and female this explanation to every male and female so that they may strive to take up the muslim so that they may strive to take up the Prophet'smanner performing their prayers Prophet's manner in performing their prayers them. was narrated as a model for them. It was narrated by Al as a model Bukhari that ProphetMuhammad(Peace Bukhari that Prophet Muhammad (Peace and and blessings Allah be on him) had said: blessings of Allah be on him) had said: *+-i gr*-,-1,!/-u r. r. «~J~L>2~» .. .. 15 "Perform your prayers the samemanner "Perlonn your prayers in the same manner' you had seenme doing." Therefore,here is you had seen me doing." Therefore, here is the Prophet'smanner the explanation for the Prophet's manner of th€ explanation prayer: prayer: 1
  5. 5. 1. To perform completely the ablution, 1. perform completely the ablution, adopting the method commanded by Allah in adopting the method cornmanded Allah the Quran: the Quran: ~Y;:--' !.tl-J;li o')l..aJi JI ~ 1';1 ~r ~.lJ1 let t*) frrt !/*;U i>L.all *:*i lil !r:,id,iJl t*l ~~ .tl ~I JI ~jb ~j.r. !,-at, &1)' JI fl+b nh <Jl.tl ffl-rL fr1, bp...-lr#!/l J ~~b (t: o) ~~~. ' (1: 0) {t:Yl' . "0 ye who believe, when ye prepare for "O ye believe, when prepare prayer, wash faces and hands (and prayer, wash your faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows, rub your heads(with arms) the elbows, heads(with water) and (wash) water) and (wash) your feet to the an- feet the an- kles. "(5:6) kles."(5:6) The Prophet(peaceand blessings Allah The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allatt be on him) said: be on said: I . - .. L . o~ L ~-: ':J» r*4f{;f," Yt ~~~ Jiu ~ "Prayer without ablution "Prayer without ablution is invalid." one's face and whole body 2. To turn one's face and whole body to- 2. wards the Ka'aba, The Holy House at Mak- wards the Ka'aba, The House kah, intending by heart to perfonn the prayer kah, heart perform which he wants to fulfil, whether it is an he wants fulfil, whether an obligatory prayer or a supererogatory prayer, prayer a supererogatoryprayer, the worshipper in all cases, should not pro- the worshipper cases,should nounce his intention openly, because neither nounce intention openly, becauseneither the Prophet nor his companions used to utter the Prophet companionsused 2
  6. 6. the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing the intention for prayer. Thus, pronouncing the intention for prayer in audible voice is a prayer in audible 'Whether heresyand an illicit action. Whether the indi- heresy and illicit action. vidual be an Imam or perfofines his prayer performes prayer individually, he should make (A Sutra) i.e. a should make (A Sutra) i.e. curtain for his prayer. Directing the face to- prayer. face wards the Qibla (The Ka'aba at Makkah) is wards the Qibla Ka'aba Makkah) an imperative condition for every prayer. an imperative condition every prayer. However, there are few exceptionsfor this However, there are exceptions rule explained in authoritative books for rule explained authoritative books whom who wish to refer. whom refer. 3. To pronounce "Takbirat Al Ihram" that 3. pronounce"Takbirat Al Ihram" that is to say~t~I"Allahu Akbar" celebrating by is sayrsl.iit"AllahuAkbar" celebrating that the greatness and looking that the greatness of Allah and looking meanwhile, downwards to the place where meanwhile, downwards to the place where he will prostrate. he prostrate. raise one'shandsup to the level 4. To raise one's hands up to the level of 4. the shoulders nearto the lobes his ears, the shoulders or near to the lobes of his ears, or while pronouncing"TakbiratAl-Ihtam". while pronouncing "Takbirat AI-Ihram". 5. To put one's right hand over his left 5. To put one's right hand over his left hand and left wrist, and put them both over hand and left wrist, and put them both over his chest,as the Prophet(peace andblessings his chest, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Atlah be uponhim) usedto do. of Allah be upon him) used to do. 6. It is advisablethat the worshipperrecite 6. It is advisable that the worshipper recite 3
  7. 7. this openingsupplication saying: this opening supplication saying: ,a ~ 'I' .lJet{. tS ,f'Llk:>-'r4.tJ ~ -r.eLr-a- "-'..r- ~ u~L Ic""" ~" ir:It + <: ft-t.L- ~J q*i ·...l&-L. ~., U f.6'lJl j".rn$t ~'p1 ~ j ~4lb- (f ~ r-..u l ,~.;J.!J (f ~~I .,!..Jt &_[s +u-t!;--/ o.,., l-.r,tt, r.€xi ..#treI:Jb'tIL,jtr|.ti ~ ~I r-..u' ,~..u, .)~!J~!J trU~ l:?4lk.> ,t' #i a*t,' rr,*;-rlt "Allahumma baid bayni wa bayena kha- "Allahumma bald bayni wa bayena kha- tayaya kama baadta bayenaal-mashriki wal tayaya kama baadta bayena al-mashriki wal maghribi, Allahumma naqqiniy min kha- maghribi, Allahumma naqqiniy min kha- tayaya kama yonaqa tayaya kama yonaqa al thawbo alabyado thawbo alabyado min aldans..Allahumma igysilniy min kha- min aldans.. Allahumma igysilniy m'in kha- tayayabilmai wathalgi walbarad." tayaya bilmai wathalgi walbarad. " This supplication means: This supplication means: "O Allah, separateme from my sins as "0 Allah, separate me from my sins as You haveseparated eastand west.O Al- You have separated the east and west. 0 Al- the lah, cleanseme of my sinsas the white rope lah, cleanse me of my sins as the white rope is cleansed 0 cleansed from dirt. O Allah, wash off my wash off my sinswith water,snowand hail." sins with water, snow and Or, he may sayinstead: Or, he may say instead: ~J !.L~ JWJ ~I !J.,;L;J !J~J Y_liJ-r+ Jtu_l dl*-,l ilrt t-l :J-r^*,_l r-..u l ct;~» ,*eut d,lit-*--.,rr ((!J~Jl tt:l+Pd! "SobhanakaAllahumma wa bihamdika "Sobhanaka Allahumma bihamdika watabaraka Ismoka wata'la jaddoka wala watabaraka Ismoka wata'la jaddoka ilaha ghayroka" ghayroka" 4 4
  8. 8. This supplicationmeans: This supplication means: "Praise and glory be to Allah. Blessedbe "Praise glory be to Allah. Blessed be Your Name, exalted be Your Majesty and Ir,lame,exalted be Majesty and Glory. There is no god but You." Glory. There You." Or he may say any other supplications he say any other supplications which the Prophet,(peaceand blessingsof which the Prophet, (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) usedto say in his prayers. be used say prayers. better recite these supplications alter- It is betterto recite thesesupplicationsalter- nately, the first one in the morning prayer nately, the one the morning prayer "Fajr", the second in the noon prayer"Zuhr", "Fajr", the second the noon prayer each one by tum, in conformity with what each one turn, conformity what the Prophet used to do. the Prophetused do. reciting the opening supplication, After reciting the opening supplication, the worshipper says: the worshipper says: ((~)I iJ~1 ~ .JJ~ ';yh t*3Jl ;tLri'll ;r.JJtt 4o1n "Aouzohillahi min al-shaytani-r-ragim" "Aouzo billahi min al-shaytani-r-ragim" Which means: Which means: "I seekprotection of Allah againstthe oc- "] seek protection of Allah against the ac- cursed Satan. " cursedSatan." Then he says: Thenhe says: tt*eJl JFJI +lll ('*,*tt 5 5
  9. 9. "Bism illahi-RahmaniRaheem" "Bism illahi-Rahmani Raheem" Which means: Which means: the nnmeof Allah, the All Merciful, the "In the name ofAllah, the All Merciful, the All Compassionate." All Compassionate. " and recites the Fatiha (The opening Sura and recites the Fatiha (The opening Sura the glorious Quran). ProphetMuhammad, of the glorious Quran). Prophet Muhammad, may peaceand blessings upon him, said: may peace and blessings be upon him, said: be «~~I ~~ ~ f jl o~ ~» n,_,Klte;lh.'!F l;l;X-r yn "Prayer without reciting the Fatiha is "Prayer without reciting the Fatiha is in- valid". valid". The worshippershouldsay "A'meen" after The worshipper should say "A'meen" after reciting the Fatihaloudly if the prayeris said reciting the Fatiha loudly if the prayer is said loudly, and whisper inaudibleprayers. loudly, and whisper it in inaudible prayers. be conformity To be in confonnity with the traditions of the the traditions the Prophet,the worshipperis advised recite Prophet, the worshipper is advised to recite verses medium size Suras the Quran verses from medium size Suras of the Quran (noon), (late afternoon),and in the Zuhr (noon), Asr (late afternoon), and the Isha (night) prayers. Isha (night) prayers. As for the Fajr the (morning) prayer, the worshipper advised (morning) prayer,the worshipper is advised to recite a passage recite a passage from the long Suras of the the long Suras the Quran.He has the choice in Maghrib prayer Quran. has the choice Maghrib prayer (Evening prayer) either (Evening prayer) either to recite passages recite passages from the long Suras or from the short Suras the Suras the shofi Suras 6
  10. 10. of the Quran. the Quran. 7. Then, the worshipperbows in "Ruku" Then, the worshipper bows raising his handsup to the level of his shoul- raising hands the of shoul- ders or ears while saying "Allahu Akbar" ders ears saying "Allah is Great" then bends down, making "Allah Great" then bends down, making his head and back on one level and putting head and back one and his hands with the fingers spread on his hands the fingers spread his knees.The worshippershould feel serenity knees. The worshipper should feel serenity and tranquility while bowing, he should say and bowing, he should say thrice at least: thrice at least: ( «~, <:?J rJb.-..,1 g.-1~~» {-:li^ll "Subhana Rabbiayl A'zim" "Subhana RabbiaylA'zim" Which means: means: "Glory be to my Lord, theAlmighty." "Glory be to my Lord, the Almighty." bowing ad- It is advisable to say while bowing in ad- is advisableto say dition to that: to that: tJiobl{-dJl:J-t*',.,_l IJp1~' !.~J ~j~' ~~Jti, f*Jl dil^*,r "subhanak-AllahummaRabbana wo bi "Subhanak-Allahumma Rabbana wa hi hamdika, Allahumma Ighfir liy" hamdilm,Allahummnlghftr liy" Which means: Whichmeans: "Glory be to Thee, O and praise "Glory be to Thee, 0 Allah, and I praise 7
  11. 11. Thee; forgive me my sins." Thee;forgive my sins." me 8. To raise one's head up from bowing, 8. raise one's head up from bowing, raising one'shands the level his shoul- raising one's hands to the level of his shoul- ders or ears, saying, in case of being Imam ders ears,saying, case being Imam praying alone: or praying alone: «o.1A"- J. 4.lJ' ~») (oJ.+,'t *IJl gn*., "Sami'aAllahu liman hamidah" "Sami'a Allahu timan hamidah" Which means: Which means: who praises "Allah listens to him who praises Him" listens While resumingthe standingposition,he While resuming the standing position, he should say: shouldsay: ..:!rJl 'J* np [5;t* t*t h{ l"r,+ ~~ ~~ ~ lS"Jl.:--o ~ ~ .L?- .M.;l. ~J ~J» "rJl t'Jb Q-rD ( . It .d rJr. ( . ~ ~~ ~ ~1.A ~JoJ ~ 1.A ~Jo-, ~;':J' ~Jo-, c-t[, 'J*J t{+ t" .JrJ .r}J "fr!t "Rabbanowa laka hamdu hamdanka- "Rabbana wa laka al hamdu hamdan ka- theera'n tayyiban mobarakan feehiy mil'a theera'n tayyiban mobarakanfeehiy ssamawati wa mila alardhi wa mil'a rna bay- ssamawatiwa wa ma bay- nahoma wa mil'a rna Shita min shiyin ba'ad" nahomawa ma Shitamin shiyin ba'ad" This supplication means: This supplication means: "Our Lord, praise be fore Thee only, Lord, praise be fore Thee only, praises plentiful and blessed as to fill the praises and blessedas to fill the heavens, the earth, what in between, and fill the heavens, earth, what between, and fill 8
  12. 12. please Thee besides them." that which will pleaseTheebesidesthem." which But if the worshipperis a follower, and if the worshipper follower, and led in his prayer by the Imam he should say prayer he should say when rising up "Rabbanawa laka alhamd... when "Rabbana laka alhamd... etc. etc. (( ..lAj Lo t:J... ...l4.::l ~J ~J)) ofsL"dl ... .rJt dllE;) It is advisablefor the Imoffi, the follower, advisable the Imam, the follower, prays alone add also: or who praysaloneto add also: Y ~I e~ ~ lrlSt¥I Jli Lo J;-- ~L, ~~I J^1' '1 '**JJt r..pt'JI lliJ r-Jl JU t, ,*1 r+IlJ *L.iJl (. jAh (+l ~ wlJ:- ~ C! !, ~ U r ((4 ,.iI" $l li ~ 'lJ c^'.rrIt +I*, 'lJ dalei It gt" YJ~t U~Lo flyou Allah who deserve all praisesand all "Yott who deserve praises and glory, your praising fs the bestand mosttrue glory, lour praising is the best and most true whateverYour servantcan say,we of whatever Your servant can say, we all are are Your servants,Our Lord, no one can ever Your servants, Our Lord, no one can ever what You have bestowed deprive aught of what You have bestowed deprive aught and no one can ever give aught what You and no one can ever give aught of what You have deprived." havedeprived." The worshipperis advisedto put his hands The worshipper is advised to put his hands on his chest, as he had done before he on his chest, as he had done before he bowed.Both Wa'il Ibn Haggarand Sahl Ibn bowed. Both Wa'il Ibn Haggar and Sahl Ibn Sai'yd reportedthat this was the manner Sai'yd reported that this was the manner of the Prophetwhen he used to raise his head the Prophet when he used to raise his head up after bowing. up afterbowing. 9
  13. 13. 9. To prostratesaying ,sidrt "Allahu Ak- 9. To prostrate saying ~l.dsl "Allahu Ak- bar" "Allah is Great". He should touch the bar" "Allah is Great". He should touch the ground with his knees before touching it ground with his knees before touching it with his hands,if that is possibleto him. If with his hands, if that is possible to him. If not, he is permitted to touch the ground by not, he is permitted to touch the ground by his hand before his knees. His fingers and his hand before his knees. His fingers and toes should be directed towards the Qibta toes should be directed towards the Qibla Makkah, and his handsshould be stretched, Makkah, and his hands should be stretched, and the fingers close togetherand not separ- and the fingers close together and not separ- ated. prostration,the worshippershould ated. In prostration, the worshipper should; usethesesevenorgans: use these seven organs: The forehead,the nose,both hands,both The forehead, the nose, both hands, both kneesand the internal parts the toes. knees and the internal parts of the toes. These seven organs should touch the These seven organs should touch the ground. Then the worshipper should say ground. Then the worshipper should say thrice or more: thrice more: ((~':JI C::J...> 0~)) nplt g: .l[..*..,n "Subhana "Subhana RabbiyalA'ole" Rabbiyal A'ala" Which means: means: "Glorified is my Lord, the Exalted." the Exalted. " It is advisable say: It advisable to say: "SubhanakaAllahuma Rabbana wa bi "Subhanaka Allahuma Rabbana 10 10
  14. 14. hamdika, Allahuma ghfir-liy." hamdika, Allahuma I Ighfir-liy." uJ r;bl ~I_!J~-,~..>~I 4;t .-,,r «Jpl ,*sul- J-r^.-,-lQ-rf-€!l ~~» This means: This means: "Glory be to Thee,Our Lord, and I praise "Glory be to Thee, Lord, and praise Lord, forgive me my sins." Thee.Our Lord,forgive me my sins." Thee. It is recommendable the worshipperto recommendable for the worshipper supplicationsand exceed more and more in supplications and exceedmore and more ask for more from his Lord, becausethe ask more his Lord, because the Prophet,may peaceand blessings Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be on him, said: be on him, said: ~ L,~l; .)~ ~l, ~,,-,.J1 ~ p5Jt ~» + br{;*u :35*ll t"'b ~)I ~ !9^!'i + if)I L"ir tt'f .-,Lau*1 'l.erJl ((~ ~~ 0 ~ ... ls....ul .li;; Which means: Which means: "Asfor bowing "Ruku"you shouldglorify "As fo, bowing "Ruku" you should glorify during performingit, asfor pros- your Lord during performing it, as fo, pros- your tration, yott should do your best to suppli- tration, you should do your best to suppli- cate and ask for more from Him, because cate and ask fo, more from Him, because your supplications during prostration are your supplications during prostration are more worthy to be accepted. " more worthy to be accepted." The worshipper should ask his Lord for The worshipper should ask his Lord for and the prosperity both in this worldly life and in the prosperityboth this Hereafter.Whether is an obligatoryprayer Hereafter. Whether it is an obligatory prayer 11 ll
  15. 15. an optional prayer, the worshipper,while or an optional prayer, the worshipper, while prostrating, should neither bring his hands prostrating, should neither bring his hands close to his sides,nor stick his abdomento close to his sides, nor stick his abdomen to his thighs, his thighs to his legs.The wor- his thighs, or his thighs to his legs. The wor- shipper'sarms shouldbe raisedup from the shipper's arms should be raised up from the ground because Prophet,may peaceand the ground because the Prophet, may peace and blessings be on him, prohibitedput- blessings of Allah be on him, prohibited put- ting the arns and stretching them on the ting the arms and stretching them on the ground, ordering that "adjust your prostra- ground, ordering that "adjust your prostra- tion, keep straigtht and stretchnot your tion, keep straigtht in it, and stretch not your handson the groundas dogsdo." hands on the ground as dogs do." 10. He shouldraisehis headfrom prostra- 10. He should raise his head from prostra- tion saying: tion saying: ~r.& "Allahu Akbar" and lays his left foot ;l'iit "Allahu and lays his left foot flat on the ground and sirs upon it, keeping flat on the ground and sits upon keeping his his right foot erected, his hands on his thighs erected, handson his thighs his and knees, and knees, and,rays.' and says: upr+lr CV: ijrlr gr^b t) *t -'.JD frb "O "0 my Lord, forgive lfl€, have mercy on Lord, forgive me, tnt€,guide ftt€, provide me with your bless- me, me, provide your bless- ings and consoleme." ings console me." t2 12
  16. 16. The worshipper should feel tranquillity The worshipper should feel tranquillity during this pause. during this pause. 11. To prostrate again saying~i .&1" Allahu I 1. To prostrateagainsayingrsi'i,l"Allahu Akbar" and repeating Akbar" and repeating during his prostration during his prostration what he did and saidin the first prostration. what he did and said in the first prostration. 12. Then the worshipperraiseshis head 12. Then the worshipper raises his head saying,sf irt "Allahu Akbar" taking a pause saying .;;5' 41 "Allahu Akbar" taking a pause similar to the pausebetweenthe prostra- similar to the pause between the two prostra- tions; this is called "the pausefor rest." is tions; this is called "the pause for rest." It is recommended the worshipperto do such recommended for the worshipper to do such a pause, thereis no sin he desists but a pause, but there is no sin if he desists from from it. Then the worshipperrises up and stands it. Then the worshipper rises up and stands supportingon his knees, on the ground if supporting on his knees, or on the ground if he cannot support himself on the knees, he cannot support himself on the knees, readsthe Fatihah(The openingSura the reads the Fatihah (The opening Sura of the gloriousQuran)and someotherverses of the glorious Quran) and some other verses the Quran and do as just as he did in the firsr Quran and do as as he the first Rakaah(unit prayer). Those who pray be- Rakaah (unit of prayer).Thosewho pray be- hind the Imam shouldnot compete hind the Imam should not compete with him in the prayer actions as the Prophet (peace the prayer actions as the Prophet (peace andblessings Allah be uponhim) said: and blessings of be upon said: r'b;n(i 45 liLi . r-Lclyll:I yc q ~j:J rL.)' J'+ telu '!J~ ~ I~~ ,~~ ~ ~ ftiJ lt"yl ~ ~1» ~J : e Q_,' ltJif cor.FeI .lJl g".., : J[i l5!3 e!rs",Ud, Jbl, :~".u 'o-ll'- ~ ...lJl ~ : J.i l~lJ ,!"ASJ li l~lJ 13 13
  17. 17. ~ JA:.o ~.J.J-ll ~~t; ~ 1~1.J . ..lo.:1-~.J qb ,;jr,td.iJtl r . !-tn.,,1i -r+-, lilr .-t*tt .11-1 Which means: means: The Imam is to be followed, if he says: The be followed, if he says: "Allahu Akbar" which means "Allah is means Great" then say the same after him. If he Great" then say the same after If he bows in "Ruku" bow after him. If he says: bows "Ruku" bow after him. If he says: "Samia-l-latru "Samia-I-Iahu liman hamidah"which means liman hamidah" which means "Allah hears him who praisesHim", then hears who praises then say: "Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd" which say: "Rabbana laka-I-hamd" which means "Our Lord! All praisesare for Thee"; means All praises are Thee"; and if he prostrates, then prostrate after and if he prostrates, then prostrate after him". (BukhariV:1 P.37) him". (Bukhari V:l P.37) Rakaat 13. If the prayer consists of two Rakaat 13. If the prayer consists prayer) as the morning prayer (two units of prayer) as the morning prayer units "Fajr", Feast prayer the Friday "Fajr", Feast prayer "Eid", or the Friday prayer "Jumu'a",the worshippersits after the prayer "Jumu'a", the worshipper sits after the his right foot erect, second prostration, with his right foot erect, secondprostration, down, putting his sitting on his left foot laid ~own, putting his sitting on his hand on his thigh, his fingers right hand on his right thigh, all his fingers close-fistedsave the index finger which he close-fisted save the index finger which he his monotheis- uses to point out as a sign for his monotheis- usesto point out as a sign hand is put on his tic belief, and his left hand is put on his left belief, and his the way, if the thigh. There is' nothing in the way, if the thigh. There is nothing and ring worshipper keeps both the little and ring fin- worshipperkeepsboth the gers closed, while rounding his thumb and gers closed, while rounding his thumb and l4 14
  18. 18. middle finger in a ring-shape,and useshis middle finger in a ring-shape, and uses his index finger ot point out as a sign for his index finger ot point out as a sign for his monotheisticbelief. has been related that monotheistic belief. It has been related that the Prophet,may peaceand blessings the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Al- lah be on him, had practisedboth lah be on him, had practised both of these these ways, thus, is advisable the worshipper ways, thus, it is advisable for the worshipper to perform the to perfonn the first way once and the other way once and the other on the secondtime. on the second time. The worshipperreadsthe Tashatrud The worshipper reads the Tashahud while sitting and says: sitting and says: ~I~ lei ~ ~I "~~!J ~!J.L.aJ!J ill ~~I» Clt*i Ul^t,fill c.rL,,Ll!.:!/.-'JIJ4lJ .rt-*:Jln 4lJl ,YLJ ~ I ,,~l.,4.H ill ~ l:s- J&-.J l.:.:k p't-*lt ~S~.J ill ~J." i3,"ii . itf L.aJl rl*" Jp-r t+lr d5;; dLJl i.Frr ~ ~, "~J-'J'" o~ I~ 0i ~~ ,~, ':J! JI 'Y cJi ,j* '*eul,lrts o.rtc OI-rp'U.+l Y!4Jt Jl l"us :J .iXIfr^!l JL f=^hlJp + d;! ~~I J!J ~~I J&- 4-c ~ .4.¢ JI ~J ~ ~ tF.r*s li ,&t"r*+ .,p f.^!rl Jo citt{ [5 rai J Jtr r^3 J&- !JJ4J "r# "r*1. ~~I ~ ~J4 te5 ~ Jl ~J ~ J" $!-r ¥ ~ (( . ~ -t=.*.iX!g.^!rtJ!J .+f ~ cl! . r-:-"~I .lb "Al-tahiyatu "Al-tahiyatu lilahi wasalawatuwatayibatu wasalawatu watayibatu Assalamu alayka ayuha-n-nabiyuwa rah- Assalamu alayka ayuha-n-nabiyu mat-u-llahi wa barakatuhu.Assalamu alayi- mat-u-llahi barakatuhu. Assalamualayi- na wa ala ibadi-l-lahi-s-salalihiyn. ibadi-l-lahi-s-salalihiyn. Ashadu Ashadu ala ilaha ila lahu we ashaduanno Muham- ilaha lahu wa ashadu anna Muham- madanabdohowo raswuloh.Allahuma sal- madan abdoho wa raswuloh. Allahuma sal- liy ala Muhammadwa ala aali Muhamad, Muhammad Muhamad, kama salayata ala lbrahima wa aali lbra- kama salayata Ibrahima Ibra- him. Inaka Hamidon Majid. Wa barik ala lnaka Hamidon Wa 15 15
  19. 19. Mohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama Mohammad wa ala aali Muhammad kama barkta ala lbrahima wa aali lbrahima. Inaka barkta ala Ibrahima wa aali Ibrahima. Inaka Hamidon Majir1." HamidonMaiid." This means: This means: "Greetings, prayers and the good thingsof "Greetings, prayers the good things of tife belong to Allah. Peace,mercyand bless- life belong Peace, mercy bless- ing of Altah be on You, O ProPhet. MaY of Allah be you, 0 Prophet. May peacebe upon us and on the devoutslavesof peace be upon us the devout slaves of Atlah. I testify that there is no god but Allah Allah. I testify there and I testify that Muharnmadfs His slave I testify Muhammad is slave and messenger. Allah, blessMuhammad and messenger. 0 Allah, bless Muhammad O and hisfamily as You blessedIbrahim and and his famity as You blessed lbrahim and his family. You are the Most-Praised,The his family. You are the Most-Praised, The Most-glorious. Allah, bestowYour Srace Most-glorious. 0 Allah, bestow Your grace O on Muhammadand his as You best- on Muhammad and his family as You best- woed on lbrahim and his family. You ore woed it on Ibrahim and his family. You are theM ost-Praised, M ost- glorious." the Most-Praised, The Most-glorious." The After reciting the Tashahud, worship- the After reciting the Tashahud, the worship- per asks Allah's protection'fromfour evils, per asks Allah's protection 'from four evils, he should say: he shouldsay: ~J ~I ~I..i&. ,fJ ~ ~..is. :.r ~ ~y ~ ~» ,y: 4l .;li-e i/J f-{+ ./tro i/ dl t3,I t;t .r!tr i*,,,s.)tJlJ lJl e;i ((.,.JbrJl ~I 0 ~.J ~t)!J L:>J.I 0 . J~..ul GJI "My Lord, ask your protectionfrom tor- "My Lord, II ask your protection from tor- ment of the Hell, torment of the grave the ment of the Hell, torment of the grave the l6 16
  20. 20. trials trials in life-time and after death, and from and after death, and from the imposter Antichrist." The worshipper the imposter Antichrist." The worshipper may ask prosperity this may ask Allah for prosperity in this worldly and the Hereafter,supplicate life and in the Hereafter, supplicate Allah to to bestow favors on his parents and other bestow His favors on his parents and other muslims. He could do this both obligatory muslims. He could do this in both obligatory and optional prayers. has beenreported and optional prayers. It has been reported by Massoud that the Prophet, peace and Ibn Massoud that the Prophet, peace and blessings be on him, taught him blessings of Allah be on him, taught him how recite the Tashatrud how to recite the Tashahud and told him that and told that the worshipper should invoke the worshipper should invoke Allah and ask and ask the more belovedwishes which he Him for the more beloved wishes which he likes, or, as hasbeenrelated other word- likes, or, as it has been related in other word- ings, the worshipper should ask ings, the worshipper should ask Allah for whateverhe wishes. this mannero ser- whatever he wishes. In this manner, the ser- the vant can ask vant can ask Allah for all the prosperitiesof the prosperities this this worldly life and the life to come. The and the come. The worshipper terminateshis prayer worshipper terminates his prayer by turning turning his face to the right saying: his face the saying: tqlJlu--J-J ~ ~1» «~, ia'ts ,5.t" f'l*Jtr "As-salamualai kum wa rahmatu Allah" "As-salamu alai rahmatu and to the left saying this salutationwhich and the saying this salutation which means "Peace and mercy of Allah be on means "Peace and mercy of be you." you.tt 14. In case of a three Rakaat prayer 14. case of three Rakaat prayer 17 17
  21. 21. (prayer consisting of three units) as that of (prayer consisting of three units) as that of Maghrib prayer, (eveningprayer), or a four- Maghrib prayer, (evening prayer), or a four- Rakaat prayer like that of noon prayer Rakaat prayer like that of noon prayer (Zuhr), Asr prayer (late afternoonprayer) or, prayer afternoon prayer) Isha prayer (night prayer), the worshipper prayer prayer), worshipper standsup after reciting the Tashatrudaccord- stands Tashahud accord- ing to the manner stated before, and raises manner stated before, and raises his hands Fp to the level of his shoulders hands up the of shoulders saying ~t 4 saying ;l*irt (Allahu Akbar). The worship- Akbar). worship- per puts his hands over his chest as it had puts hands over chest as had been explained befsre, and recites only the been explained before, and recites the Fatiha. There is no objection if he adds to the Fatiha. There objection if he adds the Fatiha someother verses the Quran Fatiha some other verses of the Quran while Rakaat (units performing the third or fourth Rakaat (units the noon prayer (Zuhr), because of prayer) of noon prayer (Zuhr), because prayer) this was stated be one the manners this was stated to be one of the manners adopted by the Prophet, may peace and adopted by the Prophet, may peace and be on him, according to blessings of Allah be on him, according to blessings Saied. the tradition reported by Abi Saied. the tradition reportedby Rakaah Maghrib prayer After the third Rakaah of Maghrib prayer the (evening prayer), and the fourth Rakaah of (evening prayer), and the fourth Rakaah of Zuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon)and Isha (night) Zuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon) and Isha (night) prayers,the worshipperrecitesthe Tashahud prayers, the worshipper recites the Tashahud and terminates prayersby saying: and tenninates his prayers by saying: his F t r.lJlbttf$" «•.~1 'U-J.J ,')l.Jt. g){*ltl r8 18
  22. 22. "Assalamu-alaikum rahmatu wa "Assalamu-alaikum wa rahmatu Allah" while turning first to the right, and second while turning first to the right, and second to the to the left as it has been explained before. as hasbeenexplainedbefore. is not an obligatoryduty, but is a rec- It is not an obligatory duty, but it is a rec- ommendableprophetic tradition to invoke ommendable prophetic tradition to invoke after terminating the prayer by asking Allah after terminating the prayer by asking forgiveness thrice and saying before Him forgiveness thrice and saying before turning one'sface towardshis followers if he turning one's face towards his followers if he is the Imam: is the Imam: J'Yd:-1 1~4 ~.)~ YL.JI ~.J ~I ~i ~I)) JX4-f liti cl-rtr p)'t*Jl'ltbr l)t..ll .lT feJl, * . plfYb «• ~)t!J Which means: Which means: "O "0 Allah, Thou art peaceandfrom Thee is Thou peace andfrom Theeis peace, Thou art blessed, 0 possessorof peace, Thou blessed,O possessor Glory and Honour." Glory and Honour." It is advisable the worshipper say: advisable for the worshipper to say: ;*-e.t*ll db.1[lll 4J.oJ-lry' Y.oJ>l dul yl 4JlYrr ~.J ...LoJ..1 .JJ ~I .J ,.J 4~ )t. O~J ill 1)tl .JI )t» ~ U ~ )tJ ~t Uit, Y FJJi 'J:!..li ,.~ JS J&- c-r& U ft-. YJc,:tel U ~lA '1 ~I .J$ .,9 ,F Jt !l dl Y ..lJtrYl ;roY_r ~ . -r.*t-:I" rJ-t[i ~ Y, '11 .JI '1 ,ill4)t1 o~ ~J JFY ,~I ~ JJ:-l I) Jy>- t ~J 4JlY d+l ,.l:..~.H 4] Jhaijl dJ q.-d,Jl ob_t +rj 11 nttt .JI ':} ~I "[*Jl .JJ J..,aAJ1 .JJ ~I 4J041 Yl ~ ':1J ...ul .J )tl ( ..r,ljt$l rf Job ~..ul 4J~ dLIl « • 0J}lS:J1 0.;5 :lr.rrJl .J i^^.oli .illt Yl ':}I 19 19
  23. 23. Which means: Which means: "Thereis no god but Allah. He is the One- "There Allah. the One. He has no partner. His is the dominionand has partner. His the dominion to Him alone is the praise. He has power alone the praise. has power over all things.O Lord, none may withhold over all things. 0 none may withhold what You have given and none may give what You have given and none may give what You have withheldand the riches can- what You have withheld and the riches can- not avail a wealthypersonwith Thee.There wealthy person Thee. There is no might or power exceptby the supportof might power except the support of Allah, There is no god but Allah and we do Allah, Thereis no god but and we do not worship but Him alone. To Him alone not worship but alone. To alone belong all bounties, to Him alone belong all belong bounties, to alone belong grace, and to Him worthy praise is accord- grace, and to worthy praise is accord' ed. There is no god but Allah, to Whom we ed. There is no god but Allah, to Whom we eventhoughthe un- are sincere in devotion, even though the un- are sincerein devotion, moy detestit." believers may detest it. " believers is also advisableto the worshipperto It is also advisable to the worshipper to 33 times by saying .&0~ extol Allah 33 times by saying extol 4i'l,lt**, Allah). praise by saying+ir-rJt (Subhana Allah). praise Him by saying...tJ....:1.. (Subhana (Al Hamdu lil-Allah) 33 tiines also by say- (AI Hamdu lil-Allah) 33 times also by say- ing: ~'41 ing: ;l.iir "Allahu Akbar" and the wor- "Allahu Akbar" and the wor- shippercompletes supplications be one his to shipper completes his supplications to be one hundredby sayingonce: hundred by saying once: jJbJ ~ 4.JJ ~ J ,4.. ~~ ~ oJ.>.J ill ~ 4..~» y"o-e 4IJl AJlYtt "rJl 4! 4llt 4J .oJ Otry' Y oJ>-e Yl 20 20
  24. 24. (.;$'.5Js& Which means: Which means: "Thereis no god but Allah. He is the One. "There is no god but Allah. He is the One. He has no partner. His is the dominion and He has no partner. His is the dominion and to alone is the praise. He has power to Him alone is the praise. He has power over all things." over all things." The worshipperadds to that the recitation The worshipper adds to that the recitation the verse the Throne of the verse of the Throne "Ayat AI-Kursiy", Al-Kursiy", .Surat Al-Ikhlas, Surat El-Falaq, and Surat 'Surat AI-Ikhlas, Surat EI-Falaq, and Surat Al-Nas. is recommendabl.e recite these AI-Nas. It is recommendable to recite these to Surasthrice after the Fajr prayer (Morning Suras thrice after the Fajr prayer (Morning prayer), and the Maghrib prayer (evening prayer), and the Maghrib prayer (evening prayer) because this was reported be one prayer) because this was reported to be one the traditions the Prophet,peace and of the traditions of the Prophet, peace and blessings Allah be on him. As it had been blessings of be on him. had been stated before,all theseafter-prayer supplica- statedbefore, these after-prayer supplica- tions are optional and not obligatory. tions are optional and obligatory. Every muslim, whetherbe male or female, Every muslim, whether be male female, is recommended pray 12 Rakaatof super- recommended to pray 12 Rakaat super- erogatoryprayersevery day: four of these erogatory prayers every day: of these Rakaat (units of prayers) are before noon Rakaat (units of prayers) are before noon prayer, two after it, two after Maghrib prayer, after after Maghrib prayer,two after Isha (night) prayer and two prayer, after Isha (night) prayer and before the morning prayer - These supere- before the morning prayer These supere- 2r 21
  25. 25. rogatory rr:ayersare called (Rawatib) which rogatory prayers are called (Rawatib) which exercises of means: "Certain supererogatory exercisesof means:"Certain Supererogatory optional prayers." The Prophet peace and optional prayers." The Prophet peace and blessingsof Allah be on him, preseruedthe blessings of Allah be on him, preserved the performance of these optional prayers performance of these optional prayers wherever he settled. During his travels, he wherever he settled. During his travels, he used to practisethe two optional Rakaatbe- used practise Rakaat fore the morning prayer and also the Witr and also Witr prayer (after the Isha prayer).There is no ob- prayer (after the Isha prayer). There jection to perform theseoptiorial prayers in perform these optiorial prayers the mosque,but it is better to perform it at the mosque, better perform home,because Prophet,peaceAndbless- home, because the Prophet, peace ~d bless- the be on him, said "The best ings of Allah be on him, said "The best of ings the prayers are those which are fulfilled at the prayers are those are at exceptionto obligato- one's own home, with exception to obligato- one'sown home, ry prayers which should be performed in prayers which should be performed congregation at the mosque." congregation the mosque." at Observanceof fulfilling these optional Observance of fulfilling these optional prayersis a meansfor gaining admissionto prayers is a means for gaining admission to paradise.The Prophet,may peaceand bless- paradise. The Prophet, may peace and bless- ings of Allah be on him, said: ings of Allatr be on him, said: J ill' ~ ~# .d.:J." v-':! J wJ ~ ~ ~ j-A» 4Jdlf ,!le-*; *l=l-r*-r- r! iJ-r ;P +;:il k Uu .. - tu+l .t t+ «~I~~ 22 22
  26. 26. Whichmeans: Which 'means: "Whoeverprays optionally twelve Rakaat "Whoever prays optionally twelve Rakaat every one day and night, everyone day and night, Allah will reward reward him by an established him by an established dwelling in the para- dwelling in the para- dise." dise. " is also advisable the muslim to pray to It is also advisable to the muslim to pray four optional Rakaat before four optional Rakaat before Asr prayer prayer (afternoon prayer), before Maghrib (afternoon prayer), two before Maghrib prayer (eveningprayer), and prayer (evening prayer), and two before Isha before Isha prayer (night prayer), becausethis manner prayer (night prayer), because this manner was reported to be one the traditions was reported to be one of the traditions of the Prophet.Allah, the says: the Prophet. Allah, the Almighty says: rY : ff {i:--- (y , : 'r'Y")r ~4.:.-> ;y|.iil ,-1, + ,.(JJISrnJ} 0.,-.1 41 J"-'J ~ ~ ~lS ...lAJ~ ", have indeed the Messenger "Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Al- lah an excellentexempler"(33:21). lah an excellent exempler" (33:21). And the Prophet (May the peace and the Prophet the peace and blassings Allah be upon him) said: bIassings of be upon said: o+-ls_r.rLtF!A",, «~tJ~L2~» .. .. Which means: means: "Perform your prayer in the samemanner "Perform prayer the same manner as you had seenme doing." as had seen doing." Allah is He Who is Able to renderus suc- render us suc- 23 23
  27. 27. cessand prosperity,and may Allah give His cess and prosperity, and may Allah give His blessingsand peaceto our ProphetMuham- blessings and peace to our Prophet Muham- mad son of Abdellah, his family, his com- mad son of Abdellah, his family, his com- panions and whoever follows his way till panions and whoever follows his way till doomsday. doomsday. President of Presidentof SupremeHeadOffice for ReligiousResea- Supreme Head Religious Resea- rches,Ifta, Call and GuidanceDepartments. rches, and Guidance Departments. (Shiekh Abdul Aziz Abdullah Bin Baz) (Shiekh 24 24
  28. 28. 'eiau ,/J ~ L;*lui t ~t:. ;)v*ubcy,a4*tt+V ~~ ....;.~O'-rO~cY,/::rJ~?I -rUl r+ltlt
  29. 29. #dJ'd&d
  30. 30. I _"........~ _ _ -J-"'~- ... ".'''--'' ,,, ,, ....... " .:.04 ~ ,~ •

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