7t,it6! tf,;re




          RESERVED
LET
   LET
THE BIBLE
THE BIBLE
  SPEAK
  SPEAK
       by
   All Muhsln
   AD Muhsln
FOREWORD
FOREWORD


Being totally convincedthat this book (Let the Bible speak) contains
Being totally convinced that this...
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT



My thanks are due to Kingsley Green, an Australian biology teacher
My thanlcsare due Kingslcy Grecn, an...
PREFACE
PREFACE

               and publication this essayis not intended be an
The writing and publication of this essay ...
pages it will be seen
In the following pagesit will be seenthat II havetendedto reproduce
                                ...
Allah say'sin the Holy Qur'an ::
Allah say's in the Holy Qur'an

 "And We verilygaveMosesthe Scripture, that haply they mi...
Table Contents
Table of Contents
Foreword
Foreword
Acknowledgement
Acknowledgement
Preface
Preface
Table Contents
Table of...
II PIETY
" PIETY BASED ON ERROR T,S
                 ERRONIS INDEFENSIBLE "
                          INDEFENSIBLE
       ...
7. BAPTISM, the c€remony sprinkling somebody
7. BAPTISM, the ceremony of sprinkling somebody with water, or,
             ...
accepted legalin the fourth centuryafter Christ (about367 A.D.).
accepted as legal the fourth century after Christ (about ...
toU you shaO eat of it all the days ofyour life; thorns and thistles it
 toil     shall    of all       daysotyour life;  ...
however, contradicted by
The Paulinedoctrine of Original Sin is, however,contradicted
The Pauline doctrine of Original
oth...
Contraryto the teachings the Church,
                          of
Contrary to the teachings of the ChW'Ch , which goes und...
While on his way to Damascushc is reported to have experienceda
While on his way to Damascus he is reported to have experi...
And when he camc to the other side,to the
And when he came to the other side, to the country ofGadarenes,
                ...
an immortal god who healedthe sick, and his followers worshipped
 an immortal god who healed the sick, and his followers w...
"Have you no answer lo nuke? What is it that thesenun testify
 "Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men test...
or who laid its cornerstone,when the
 "On what were i8 hasa sunk,or who bA iE cornettlonc, when the
  "On what were its ba...
Note egain:
Note again:

  "I say, "You arc gods, sons of the Most High, all of you
"l say, "You are gods, sons of the Mos...
The Jews answeredhim, ulfe stoneyoufor no good wor*s butlor
 The Jewsallswered        "We stone you for no good works butf...
GOD AND JESUS (are they one and the same ?)
GOD AND JESUS (are they one rnd rhe seme ?)

christian Chuches teachthat Jesus...
The Son of man, as Jesuspreferredto catl himsctf, is secnby Stephen
 The Son of man, as Jesusprefened to call himself, is ...
It is clear from the abovequotationthat Jesus
It is clear from the above quotation that Jesus and God are not only
       ...
"Then Jesas,deeplymoved again, canv to the tomh; It was a cave,
 "Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb; It    ...
nEnoch wslked with God: and
                             he was noglor God too* hlmn
"Enoch walked with God: and he was 11...
the wife of Zachariah,who barrenand having passedmenopause, did
 the wife of Zachariah~ who barren and having passedmenopa...
is admittedto be diffrcult by the samechristian cornmentators
is admitted to be difficult by the same Christian commentato...
JESUS - Prophet from Nazareth the servant of God
JESUS - Prophet from Nazareth the serryant of God

"Christ disdaineth not...
Jesnsis rcported to say accordingto the Gospels: nwhoever receives
Jesus is reported to say according to the Gospels: "Who...
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
LET THE BIBLE SPEAK
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LET THE BIBLE SPEAK

  1. 1. 7t,it6! tf,;re RESERVED
  2. 2. LET LET THE BIBLE THE BIBLE SPEAK SPEAK by All Muhsln AD Muhsln
  3. 3. FOREWORD FOREWORD Being totally convincedthat this book (Let the Bible speak) contains Being totally convinced that this book (Let the Bible Speak) contains good information about Thc Bible and The Holy Qu/aq The Dammam good infonnation about The Bible and The Holy Qur'an, The Dammam IslamicDabah and Gridance center decidedto reprint it again. But as we Islamic DaWah and Guidance Center decided to reprint it again. But as we prepareto do thejob we havenoticcd that the copy that was available was prepare to do the job we have noticed that the copy that was available was too blurred and not good enoughfor reproduction. too blurred and not good enough for reproduction. Due this probler4 DamrnamDabatr and GuidanceCenter Due to this problem, Danunam Dawah and Guidance Center work it out out to review, retyped, annotates and corrects the whole book, such as~ review, retlped, arulotatesand correctsthc whole book, suchas; l. Somereferences missing are 1. Some references are missing 2. Some quotation 2. Some quotation 3. Misspelling 3. Misspelling 4. Typing errors 4. Typing errors 5. Somechaptersand versesare not accurate. S. Some chapters and verses are not accurate. have utmost reproduce the as is We have tried our utmost to reproduce the book as it is with some some mirurtechanges ensre that the minute changes to ensure that the book will not lose its internal beauty lose internal beauty the benefit of who read for the benefit of all who read it. To the author, Ati Mutrsiq We pray that the Almighty Allatr author, Ali Muhsin, pray Almighty Allah showers Mercy and Gracc continuously showers His l9Iercy and Grace to him and add the rnd add virnre of this book to his scale of good decds. virtue of his scaleof deeds. We ask Allah'spardonfor any mi$skesthat we commit unlcnowingly, ask Allah's pardon any mistakes unknowingly, as it hasbecn for us in prcparing it. as it has been preparing
  4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT My thanks are due to Kingsley Green, an Australian biology teacher My thanlcsare due Kingslcy Grecn, an Australian tcacher in the Mazengo Secondary School, Dodo~ Tanzania, who as a lay inthe Mazengo SecondarySchool, Dodoma" Tanzania" as preacher used to pay us visits in prison. From him I learn to study the preacher used payus prison. learn shrdy Bible systematically. systematically. To the many Christian preachers at College and in priso~ fellow many Christian preachers College and prisorU students and fellow inmates, with whom I used to have fruitful students and inmates, used have fruitful discussions owe grstitude. discussions lowe gratitude. I I would also like to express thanks to the Amnesty International for also expressthank Amncsty International keeping me supplied with reading matter which enlarged my me supplied reading whioh cnlargcd knowledge of present-day Christian thinking. knowledge of present-dayCluistian thinking. To Zainab Sabri, daughter of a very good Egyptian friend of mine, Zainab Sabri, daughter of Eg;ptian of mine, Mr. Fathi Sabri, I must say : Thank you!! for typing the first Sabri, must say Thank you tlping manuscript. manuscript, To my dear wife, Azza, I am indebted for her courage to sustain dear flzra am indebted her courage sustain difficulties and peacc of shegrve me and difficulties and for the peace of mind which she gave me and which enabled me in prison to study, to meditate, and to write all that I have enabled me prison study, meditstg and writc dl thEt have written . On her lonely shoulders rested the burden of looking after her shouldcrurcct€d burdcn of aftcr herselfand six children tcn yearswhilc shewas livfug as herself and our six children for ten long years while she was living as a refugee in Egypt. refirgee Eg1pt. has gulded me dong thc Over and above all I thank Allah who has guided me along the right and above path. . p a th 2
  5. 5. PREFACE PREFACE and publication this essayis not intended be an The writing and publication of this essay is not intended to be an The exercise polemics. Rather is motivated by the desire to exercise in polemics. Rather is it motivated by the desire to enlighten both Christians and Muslims many parts of the enlighten both Christians and Muslims who in many parts of the wrirld have together as counfirymenand neighbors. world have to live together as fellow countrymen and neighbors. Their enlightenmentregarding the original fundamentalsof each Their enlightenment regarding the original fundamentals of each other'sfaith would, is hoped,makethem appreciate basic unity other's faith would, it is hoped, make them appreciate the basic unity. the that binds them as adherents the sameoriginal faith, the Universal that binds them as adherents of the same original faith, the Universal Religion teaches the one True God as Religion which teaches submission to the will of the one True God as submission the to the basis the basis on which man's moral behavior is founded. man'smoral behavior founded. unfortunate that Jesus Christ has It is unfortunate that Jesus Christ has left for us nothing as us nothing as authoritativeas the ProphetMuhammadhasdone. the Qur'an are authoritative as the Prophet Muhammad has done. In the Qur'an are the teaching Islam unsullied purity. the teaching of Islam in their unsullied purity. We do not fmd the do find the slrme the Gospels (Injeel). The latter may be compared the same in the Gospels (Injeel). The latter may be compared to the traditions of the Prophet(the Hadiths Sunna).Of the sayingsand traditions of the Prophet (the Hadiths or Sunna). Of the sayings and the actionsof Jesusasreported the the actions ofJesus as reported in the Bible there are admittedly many thereare admittedly many which are spurious, false, jr:st as there were established and the weak are spruious,false,just asthere were establishedand the weak and false were weededout. and false were weeded out. It is undeniable that attempts were made, undeniablethat attempts were made, sectarian other divisive reaso.ns, fake sayingsand attribute and for sectarian and other divisive reaso.ns, to fake sayings and attribute them the Prophet. them to the Prophet. Impartial would have admit, however, that there was Impartial criticism would have to admit, however, that there was much more scientific methodology when the Prophet'straditions much more scientific methodology when the Prophet's traditions came to be collected and shifted than there has been at the adoption came be collected and shifted than there has been the adoption of canonical Gospels.The great scholars(Imams). of the canonical Gospels. The great scholars (Imams) who devoted devoted collecting the raditions the Prophet made thcir best their lives collecting the traditions of the Prophet made their best using srictly scientific standards veriff the endeavors (Ijtihad) using strictly scientific standards to verify the endeavors genuinetraditions. even bestendeavors genuine traditions. But even their best endeavors and their scientific and scientific methodswere after humanand Fortruratelythere is methods were after all human and not infallible. Fortunately there is the Qu/an whose authenticity hasnever beenquestioned fribnd the Qur'an whose authenticity has never been questioned by friend or foundation Islam the tenets foe. That is the unshakable foundation of Islam on which the tenets foe. That is the unshakable of the are based the of the genuinenessof of the faith are based . It is the final criterion of the genuineness of any tradition, and the rock on which the structwe of Islam has been any nadition, and the the stnrcture of has been built. built. 3
  6. 6. pages it will be seen In the following pagesit will be seenthat II havetendedto reproduce have tended to reproduce many quotations. This is my way of dealing with the subject many quotations. of dealing with the subject seriously, subject of such transcendent importanceas seriously,particularly a subjectof such transcendent importance as be among "Those would religion. I do not want to be among "Those who woald argue about religion. God without knpwledge, and without guidance and without an wilhout knpwledge, without guidance without enlightening bookr" as the Qu'an puts it. enlightening book, " as Qur'an puts Studyingthe the long solitude of prison I att~mpted Studying the Bible in the long solitude of my prison cell I attcmpted to search for the tnre teachingsof Jesusand the Hebrew Prophetswho search the true teachings of Jesus and Prophets had preceded him. Ten years and five months of imprisonment had preceded years and months of imprisonment became ten years and five months of intensive Bible study. became ten years and months of intensive study. Painstakingly I kept removingbit by bit the hard encrustationwhich Pahstakingly kept removing the har4 encrustation had piled up on what I knew must be a lustrouslying beneath. had what must be lustrous beneath. I found it. found I would appeal to both my Muslim brothersand sisterswho know appeal both brothers and sisters very little of Christianity, and 10 my Christian friends who know next very Christianity,andto Christianfriends next to nothing about true Islam (and true Christianity for that matter) to to nothing abouttrue Islam (and tnre Christianity that matter) come along with me, and in the following pages search for the truth. come along me, and the pagessearch the truth. We will fmd it, for the truth is the house that has been founded upon We will frnd the tnrth the house has been founded fall and the shall the house the Rock, and rain shall fall,, and the winds shall blow, but the house the Roclq and rain shall Jerusalem whenceboth Muhammad and shall not fall.. There in Holy Jerusalem whence both Muhammad and shall not fall There Jesusrose spiritual ecstasyto the Heavenly Presence a symbol Jesus rose in spiritual ecstasy to the Heavenly Presence is a symbol glaring significance,denotingthe trrlth bids Muslim and of glaring significance, denoting the truth that bids both Muslim and Christian bow to the same God who is worshipped with equal fervor Christian bow to the sameGod who worshipped equal and dcvotion the Mosque upon the Rock and the Chr.uchof the and devotion in the Mosque upon the Rock and in the Church of the bids us ourselvesof the taditions of Holy Sepulchre. That Truth bids us rid ourselves of the traditions of Sepulchre.That men and follow the commandments of God. That men and follow the commandments of God. That Truth bids us us relinquish the tendency Rcligion sectsand relinquish the tendency to divide Religion into sects and uphold the the Unity that binds us together. Unity that binds us together. 4
  7. 7. Allah say'sin the Holy Qur'an :: Allah say's in the Holy Qur'an "And We verilygaveMosesthe Scripture, that haply they might go "And We gave Moses Scripture, haply might go aright. And We made the son of Mary and his mother a portent, arighl And We made of Mary portent, and We gave them a refuge on o height, a place oftlock and water- We gave a place offlocks and springs,0 springs. O ye Messengers! Eat of the good things, and do right. Lo! Messengen! ofthe things, righl Lo! II am oware of whotye do. And lot this your religwn is one religion aware ofwhat do. And lo! this your religion religion and II am your Lord, so keep your duty unto Me. But they your keep your But (man*ind) have hroken their religion among them inlo sects, each (mankind) havebroken religion into sects,each sect rejoicing in its tenets. So leavethem in their error lill a time." sect its tenets.So leave their error till time. " Qur'an2J:49'54 Qur'an 23:49-54 Let us not keepon wanderingin enor whenthe StraightPath is clear us not keep wandering error when the Straight Path clear us understand one anotherand appreciate another's one beforeus. Let us understand another and appreciate one another's before us. one honestyin seeking for the truth. honesty seeking the truth. Ali Muhsin Muhsin 5
  8. 8. Table Contents Table of Contents Foreword Foreword Acknowledgement Acknowledgement Preface Preface Table Contents Table of Contents The Teaching the Church The Teaching of the Church The Bible The Bible OriginalSin Original Sin St. Paul St. Paul The Only Son God The Only Son of God God andJesus they one andthe Same? are God and Jesus are they one and the Same? Miracles,But WhoseAuthority ? Miracles, But Whose Authority? The Birth The Virgin Birth - Jesus ProphetFrom Nazareth The Servant God Jesus - Prophet From Nazareth The Servant of God ProphetTo Israel A Prophet To Israel Salvation Blood Salvation By Blood Paul Jesus, Faith Works ? Paul Or Jesus, Faith or Works? GuideInto All The Truth Guide Into All The Truth The The Qur'an The Bible And The Qur'an DeathOn The Cross Death On The Cross Him Not" "They Killed Him Not" "They The and The License The Law and The License ProperPerspective Proper Perspective PaganSources Pagan Sources Prophecy Of Jesus Fulfilled Prophecy Jesus Counselor, Comforter, Admirable Counselor, Comforter,Admirable Conclusion Conclusion 6
  9. 9. II PIETY " PIETY BASED ON ERROR T,S ERRONIS INDEFENSIBLE " INDEFENSIBLE FatherJohn L. Mackenzie Father John Mackenzie THE TEACHING THE CHURCH THE TEACHING OF THE CHURCH By the term "the chuch"ll is meant thc body of Christians, or more the tenn lithe church meant the body of Christians, more precisely, the professionalpriesthoodwhich has taken upon itsclf the precisely I the professional priesthood has taken upon itself task of formulating doctrines and rituals as well as rendering certain task of doctrines and as well as rendering religious services in accordance with what are believed to be the services accordance what are believed be the teachingsof JesusChrist. "The church" may also mean the sect to teachings of Jesus Christ. liThe chtuch" may also mean the sect which an individual Christian belongs. an Christian belongs. All Christian Churches, sects,teach following as All the main Christian Churches, or sects, teachthe following as the principal dogmas, or articles of faith to be believed in without dogmas, articles of be believed question: question: l. Thereis One God. 1. There is One God. 2. In God there are three divine Persons, th~ Father, the Son and the 2. God there are threedivine Persons, Father,the Son and the thq Spirit. Thesethree Personsare called the Holy Ghost, Holy Spirit. These three Persons are called the Ghost, blessed Trinity. They are equal and they are eternal i.e. they have blessed Trinity.They are €qualand they are eternal i.e. they have no beginningand no end. They are not three gods, One God. no beginning and no end. They are not three gods, but One God. 3. The Fatheris God and the fust Personof the blessed 3. The Father is God and the frrst Person of the blessed Trinity. 4. The Son is God and thc secondPersonof the He Jesus 4. The Son is God and the second Person of the Trinity. He is Jesus the human form. He was born of the Christ wl}.o is God who took the human fonn. He was born of the Christ who is God who about thousandyearsago Palestine, Virgin Mary about two thousand years ago in Palestine, was was crucificd, died and rosc again fiom the d€ad. deathand crucified, died and rose again from the dead. His death and the crosswas intended bc a sacrifice suffering on the cross was intended to be a sacrifice for thethe forgiveness of the sins of men. This is called the~ Atonement, and forgiveness the sins of men. This is called thc-Atonement,and he is entitled the Savior and the Redeemer. he cntitled the Savior and the Rcdecmer. 5. Thc is thc Pcrsonof thc blessed After the 5. The Holy Spirit is the third Person of the blessed Trinity. After the death of Christ the Holy Spirit descended upon the Apostles (or death of the dcscendcdupon thc Apoitlcs early Missionarics) of Christ, and the continues lead the early Missionaries) of Christ, and the Spirit continues to lead the Church. Church. 6. human bears the stain of what called the 6. Every human child bears with him the stain of what is called the the tarugression Adam. "Original Sin" inherited from the transgression of Adam. inherited 7
  10. 10. 7. BAPTISM, the c€remony sprinkling somebody 7. BAPTISM, the ceremony of sprinkling somebody with water, or, water, or, accordingto somesects,immersing according to some sects, immersing him in water, as making his water, as making his being accepted a member the Church,and belief Christ's as being accepted as a member of the Church, and belief in Christ's atonementis the meanswherebyman shall be saved. atonement is the only means whereby man shall be saved. Let us examinethe sacreddoctrinesof the Church thc Let us examine the sacred doctrines of the Church in the light of the the writings the Bible which the Churchaccepts canonical,that is to writings of the Bible which the Church accepts a canonical, that is to a say,as the authoritative Word God. say, as the authoritative Word of God. THE BIBLE The word Bible comes from the Greek ..hihIiL meaning "books". It The word Bible comesfrom the Greek biblia meaning"books". is a collection many bookswhich form the foundation Christian is a collection of many books which form the foundation of Christian belief. Admittedly they have been written by a large number belief. Admittedly they have been written by a large number of authors,known and unknown. thoseauthorsare believedto have authors, known and unknown. But those authors are believed to have beeninspired God and they wrote the Dooksunderthe supenision been inspired by God and they wrote the books under the supervision and guidanceof God; hencethe and guidance of God; hence the Bible is referred to as The Word of is ret-ened as The to of God. The Catholic God. The Catholic Bible, however, is somewhat different from the however, is somewhatdifferent from the Protestant Bible. The former consistof 73 books, Protestant Bible. The former consist of 73 books, while the latter has the latter has only 66 books. only 66 books. general the In general the Bible is divided into two main portions, The Old is divided main portions, The Testament was written beforethe adventof JesusChrist, and Testament which was written before the advent of Jesus Christ, and the Testament was after Jesus Christ and the New Testament which was written after Jesus Christ and describesthe and teachingsof JesusChrist and the activities of describes the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and the activities of his disciples, apostlcs, spreadingthe Christian faith. The his disciples, or apostles, in spreading the Christian faith. The New Testarnent containsalso lettersaddressed various Christiansgroups Testament contains also letters addressed to various Christians groups andindividuals.Theseletterswerewritten mostly Paul,a Jewwho and individuals. These letters were written mostly by Paul, a Jew who converted to Christianity and became the chief exponentsof the converted Christianity and becamethe exponents of the Christian faith as it known today. He has at times describedthe true Christian as known today. has at times described the true founderof modern Christianity, founder of modernChristianity. The booksof the Old Testament their presentform were probably The books of the Testament in present were probably written after the retum of the Jewsfrom the Babyloniur captivity i.e. written afterthe return of the Jews from the Babylonian captivity i.e. after 536 B.C. Those of the New Testamentwere collected and after 536 B.C. Those the New Testament were collected and 8
  11. 11. accepted legalin the fourth centuryafter Christ (about367 A.D.). accepted as legal the fourth century after Christ (about 367 as Besides the Four Gospels (describing life and teachingof Christ) the Besides Four Gospels (describing the the and teaching of Christ) which are in the Bible there are a numberof other Gospelswhich are the Bible there are number of other Gospels were not acceptedby the Church elders, and some of them are were accepted the Church elders, and some of them are availableeventoday.The books which could haveformedpart of the available e'/en today. The books could have fonned part of the Bible, and indeed were and are accepted some Christians,but Bible, and indeed were and are accepted by some Christians, which the main body of the ChristianChurchrejected, calledthe which the main body the Christian Church rejected, arc called the are Apocrypha, a Greekword meaning"Hidden", but which now has Greek word meaning "Hidden", has wrongly been understoodas meaning "felsc, not genuinc". The wrongly been understood as meaning "false, genuine". The accepted booksarecalled "Canonical".It is thesecanonical officially accepted books are called "Canonical". these canonical booksof the Bible which areregarded THE WORD OF GOD. books the Bible which are regarded as as WORD GOD. ORIGINAL SIN O RIGINAL S I N In the Old Testament the first book, Genesis, has the story of creation the Testament the book, Gencsis, the story of crcation has of Adam grace. and the fall of man. Thus is described the fall of Adam from grace. and the of man. Thus describ€dthe gardcn otEden "The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden ofEden to God took the nan till keep it. And God commandedthc manDSaying, till it and keep it. And the Lord God commanded the man, Saying, hut olthe tree of "You may freely eat ofevery tree of the garden; but ofthe tree of "Yott mayfreely eat of every tree of lhe shall not eat,far the day thatyau knowledge ofgood and evil you shall not eat,for in the day that you knawledgeof gaod and evil eat of it you shall die. " eat shall die." Ge n e s 2 :15-16 Genesis i2:15-16 s Adam, however,persuaded his wife, Eve, transgressed God's Adam, however, persuaded by his wife, Eve, transgressed God's by command and ate the forbidden tree knowledge.God crrrsed command and ate of the forbidden tree of knowledge. God cursed them both.. themboth To the woman He said;; "1 will greatly multiply your pain in the woman He said "I will greatly multiply pain shall hringforth desire childbearing; in pain you shall bringforth children, yet your desire hwband,ond he shallrule overyou" shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you. " shatlbefor have listenedto lhe voice ot And to Adam He said;; "Because you have listened to the voice of to Adam He said "Because wde, and have eatenof the fiee oJ which comnundedyou, your wife, and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, "you shall not eat of il", cursedis the ground bccatueof you; in "you shall not eat of it", cursed is the ground because ofyou; in 9 9
  12. 12. toU you shaO eat of it all the days ofyour life; thorns and thistles it toil shall of all daysotyour life; thistles it shall bringtorth you; and you shall eot planF of thefteld. In shall bringforlh to you; andyou shaH eat the plants ofthefield. In sweat of your face the sweat ofyour face you shall eat bread till you return to the shall till return groundrfor out of it you were taken; you are dust, and to dust you ground,jor of il were taken; dust, dust shall return." shall Genesis i3: 16-19 Ge n e s 3:16-19 s On account of their sin, the Church teaches,Adam and Eve lost On account of their sin, the Church teaches, Adam and Eve lost sanctiffing grace,the of Heaven and special sanctifying grace, the right of Heaven and their special gifts; they they becamesubject death, suffering and a strong inclination became subject to death, to suffering and to a strong inclination to and they were the gardenof Paradise. account of evil and they were driven from the garden of Paradise. On account of Adam's sin human beingsare born deprivcd of sanctiffing grace Adam's sin all human beings are born deprived of sanctifying grace and punishment.This and inherit his punishment. This is what is called THE ORIGINAL called THE ORIGINAL SIN. 8t. Paul's theology developed the doctrine of Original Sin to justiff St. Paul'stheology developedthe doctrine of Original Sin justify another doctrine, REDEMPTION by the death of Jesus on the cross. anotherdoctine, REDEMPTION the deathof Jesus the cross. letter the Romanshe wrote: In his letter to the Romans he wrote: "Therefore as sin came into the world through one man and death "Therefore assln carfie into twrld through death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all men sinned sin, so death spread aII men becauseall nun - sk indced was thc rwrld before • sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not law was given, sh from Adsm counted where there is no law. Yet death reigned trom Adam to law. Yet deuth Moses, even over those whose sins were not like the transgression Moses,even over those whosesins were not like lransgression otAdaa who was type otthe one who was comc. But ofAdam, who was a type ofthe one who was to come. But thefree gift is not like the trespass. For if many died through one man's gtft like the trespass. il nany died one graceotGod thetree gilt trespass, much more have the grace ofGod and the free gift in the tresposs,much rrurrchave grace of that one grace ofthat one man Jesus Christ aboundedfor many. " Jesus many." Romans 5:12-15 Romans 5:12-15 To the Corinthians St. Paul wrote: "For as in Adam aU die, so Coriuthiens St. Peul " For as all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. " aho Christ shall aII bc made alive." I Corinthians 15:22 1 Corinthians 15 :22 t0 0
  13. 13. however, contradicted by The Paulinedoctrine of Original Sin is, however,contradicted The Pauline doctrine of Original other passages from the Bible. In DeuteroRomy, example,which otherpassages the Bible. Deuteronomy, for example, is one of the five booksof Torah,Mosessay's: "Thefathers shall one of the books of Torah, Moses say's: not beput to deathfor the children, nor shall the children beput to put death for children, nor put deathfor thefathers; everyman shall beput to dealhfor his own death for thefatlters; every be put deathfor his sin. " sin." Deuteronomy 24:16 Deuteronomy 16 24: In Jeremieh we read : "In those daysthey shall no longer say; Jeremiah read: "In thosedays they say,' ."TheIllthers hsve eatensour grapes,and the children's teeth are "The Jathers have eaten grapes, teeth set on edge." But everyone shill diefor his own sin; each man who set edge. " every one shall diefor his sin; each who eats sour grapes, hk teethshall be set on edge." eatssour grapes, teeth shall be set edge. " his Jeremiah 31:29-30 Jeremiah :29-30 31 And in Ezekiel it is more categorically stated:: Ezekiel is more categoricallystated "Yet say,Why should son sufferfor the iniquity of the " Yet you say, Why shoulil not the son sufferfor the iniquity ofthe father? When the son has done what is lawful and right, and has father ? When son hasdone what lawful has been observe my statutes, shall he for the been careful to observe all my statutes, he shall not sufferfor tlte iniquity of the father, nor the father suffer for the iniquity of the of thefather, the father suffer for the of the of the righteorc shall be upon himselJi son; the righteousness ofthe righteous shall be upon himself, and son;the righteowness the wickedness ofthe wicked shall be upon himself. " lhe wickedness the wicked shall be upon himself." of Ezekiell8:19-20 Ezekiel 18: 19-20 the New Testementtoo there is the evidence Jesushimself In the New Testament too there is the evidence of Jesus himself contradicting the theory of inherited sin:: contradictingthe theory inherited sin "As he passed he (Jesus)ssw4 man blindtrom his birth, and "As he passed by, he (Jesus) saw a man blindfrom his birth, and hy, asked, "Rtbhi, who sinned, this man hisparents, his disciples asked, "Rabbi, who sinned, this man or his parents, hb disciples 'ilt was lhis man that he was born blind 7" Jesus answered, ';It was not this man ftat he was born blind ?" Jesusanswered, the works of God be made sinned, or his parents, but that the works of God might be made sinned, hisporenls, hut manifest in him." nunifest hin " John 9:l-3 John 9:1-3 ll 11
  14. 14. Contraryto the teachings the Church, of Contrary to the teachings of the ChW'Ch , which goes under his name, goesunderhis name, that all children are bom sin, Jesus that all children are born in sin, Jesus Christ confirms their innocence the following pes$rge innocence in the following passage from the Gospel according to Gospel nccording Matthew: Matthew: "Truly, I say to you, unless you turn and become /ike children you "Truly,I say unless become like neverenter the kingdom of heaven." will never enter the kingdom ofheaven. " Matthew 18:3 Matthew l8:3 Thus we seethat the doctrine inherited sin proporrnded Paul as Thus we see that the doctrine of inherited sin propounded by Paul as his first letter to the Corinthians(quotedabove) contradicted in his first letter to the Corinthians (quoted above) is contradicted by God and Moses more authoritative evidence from the God and Moses in more authoritative evidence from the Bible, namely Deuteronomy,Jeremiahand Ezekiel (all namely in Deuteronomy, Jeremiah and Ezekiel (all of the Old the Testament)as as JesusChrist the Gospelsaccording to Testament) as well as by Jesus Christ in the Gospels according to John and Matthew Testament). John and Matthew (in the New Testament). The Church however is the The Church however is inclined disregard the categorical evidence of the Torah, the inclined to disregard the categorical evidence of the Torah, the Prophetsand the Gospels,which form the main parts of the Prophets and the Gospels, which form the main parts of the Bible, and rely on the letters 'of 81. Paul which for no earthly reason were and the letters'of St. Paul which no earthly reasonwere appended and then incorporated the Bible. appended to and then incorporated in the Bible. But who is this Paul ~ is this Peul i ST. PAUL ST. St. Paul was a Jew whom was born Tarsus what St. Paul was a Jew whom was born in Tarsus in what is now Turkey. Turkey. When he was born the country was part RomanEmpire, and thus When he was born the country was part of Roman Empire, and thus although raceand religion a Jew,he yet enjoyedthe privilege of although by race and religion a Jew, he yet enjoyed the privilege of being a Romancitizen.St. Paulwas not one the discipleschosen being a Roman citizen. St. Paul was not one of the disciples chosen by Jesus his -time. Indeedthereis no indicationthat he ever by Jesus in his life -time. Indeed there is no indication that he ever met Jesus.What is known is that he was fanatical hatred met Jesus. What is known is that he was fanatical in hatred for Christians,and engagedhimself houndingout Christiansfrom Christians, and engaged himself in hounding out Christians from hiding and bringing them to be torturedand killed. He was presentat hiding and bringing them to be tortured and killed. He was present at the stoning of St. Stephen, the first Christian martyr. the stoning St. Stephen, first Christianmartyr. the t2 12
  15. 15. While on his way to Damascushc is reported to have experienceda While on his way to Damascus he is reported to have experienced a vision ofChrist, and thus became a staunch propagatorofChristianity vision of Christ"andthusbecamea staunchpropagator ofChristianity which he claimed had beenrevealedto him by Jesusin visions. This which he claimed had been revealed to him by Jesus in visions. This "revealed"version of Christianity was fundamentally different from "revealed" version of Christianity was fundamentally different from what the chosen disciples of Jesusknew to be the teaching of the what the chosen disciples of Jesus knew to be the teaching of the Master, so that there was a seriousconflict between Paul and the Master, there serious between Paul and of Jesus had neverdeviated from original followers of Christ who like Jesus never deviated the law of Mosesand the strict Judaicmonotheism. of Moses and Judaic monotheism. THE ONLY SON THE ONLY SON OF GOD there are number of references to In the four Gospelsof the Bible thereare a numberof references Gospels of the Jesus Christ asthe "Son of Cod". The following are a few examples: Jesus as the "Son of God". The are examples: "And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that he thus "And when centurion,who stood lacing him, saw thst thus said. "truly this man wasthe SonolGod!" breathed his last, he said. "truly this man was the Son of Godl" breathed his ltsl, Mark 15:39 Mark 15:39 And the angel said to her, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, And the said her, "The Spiril comc upon the of the wiII ovenhadow the and the power ofthe Most High will overshadow you; therefore the holy, the Son of God," child to be born will be called holy, the Son ofGod. " chitd be horn will be Luke l:35 Luke 1:35 they all said,t'Are the Sonof God, then ?t' and he lo And they aU said, "Are you the Son ofGod, then ?" and he said to them, You say that 1 am. " them, You say I afir." Luke 22:70 Luke 22:70 He trust in God; let God thliver him now, If he desires; for he said, He trust in God; let God deliver him now,If he desires;for he said, "/ am the Son ofGod. " "I am the Sonof God-" Matthew 27:43 Matthew 27:43 And wheneverthe unclesnsplrilr hcheld hittt' theyfe[ down before And whenever the unclean spirits beheld him, theyfeU down before him and cried onl, "Yon ure the Son of God" And he strictly him and cried out, "You are the Son of God." And he strictly ordered them not to make him known. orderedthem not to nake him known. Mark 3:l l-12 Mark 3:11-12 l3 13
  16. 16. And when he camc to the other side,to the And when he came to the other side, to the country ofGadarenes, of Gadarenes, mct hit4 comiag two demoniac met him, comiilg out ofthe tombs, sofierce that no of the tombs, softerce one poss way. hehold, they cried out, ltlfhat have one could pass that way. And behold, they cried out, "What have you to do with us, 0 Son 0/ God? Have you come here to torment lo do us, O Son of God 7 Have cotne here rc before the time?" us be/ore the time? " Matthew 8:28-29 Matthew 8:28-29 the Gospels Merk rnd In the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke there are about 22 therc are rbout 22 such referetrces Jesuses the Son God, such references to Jesus as the Son of God, but in all of them not rll them once he so. Matthew2l:43 quotedaboverefersto once did he call himself so. Matthew 27:43 quoted above refers to the allegation the priest the scribesand the elderswho the allegation of the chief priest with the scribes and the elders who mocked him. was not first hand reporting Jesus's mocked him. It was not fIrst hand reporting of Jesus's own statement statement by the author of the Gospel. It was nonna1ly either madmen, the so the author the Gospel. was normally either madmen,the so called demoniacand uncleanspirits, paganRoman soldierswho called demoniac and unclean spirits, or pagan Roman soldiers who refenedto as the Son of God. owu preference wrs referred to him as the Son of God. His own preference was for the Ben which meantman son man. Thrt title of Ben Adam, which just meant man or son of man. That title is repeeted rbout E0 times Jewishpersecutors is repeated about 80 times in the Gospels. His Jewish persecutors Gospels. out of malice allegcd that he claimed to be of the Jewsthat he out of malice alleged that he claimed to be King of the Jews that he the wrath of the Romanrulers, and hc might incur the wrath of the Roman rulers, and that he claimed to bebe the Son of God to enrage the Jewish people. the Son of God to enragethe Jewishpeople. Frsncis Lectuer the Testament Studies at Francis Young , Lecturer in the New Testament Studies at Birmingham University, Incemrte Binningham University, writing in The Myth of God Incarnate The Myth of says:"Apartfrom John where says: "Apart/rom fohn where interpretive material if clearlyplaced naterid is clearlyplaced upon the lips of fesus,the Gospels kwriably portray upon the lips ofJesus, the Gospels invariably portrcl not Jesus but fesus others as using phrares like the"Holy One of God", or "Son of as phrases the"Holy of of David", Son of of all titles nSon of David", or Son 0/ God". Alone of all the titles rISon of Man" appearsas used Jesushimsef....." regularly appears as used by Jesus himself.••.• " It should be remembered that at the time of Jesus it was should be remembered that at the time of Jesus was commonplace to invest with divinity not only non-existent commonplace invest non-existent mythological fIgures but historian mortals as well. Laertus,thc pagan mythological figures historian mortals as Laertus, the pagan of the Lives of the Philosophers, writes of a number of Author of the Lives of the Philosophers,writcs of a numbei of philosophen as being sons of God. Pleto was described as being of philosophers as being sonsof God. Plato was describedas being of divine parcntage; so was PJrthagor$ who was supposed to be the parentage; and so was Pythagoras and was supposed be the incamateson of the god Hermes.Empedocleswas also alleged to be incarnate sonof the god Hermes. Empedocles was alsoalleged be 14 l4
  17. 17. an immortal god who healedthe sick, and his followers worshipped an immortal god who healed the sick, and his followers worshipped him and prayed.tohim. Plutarchregardsit as beyondthat Alexender him and prayed to him. Plutarch regards it as beyond that Alexander the Great was ofdivine descentand Romulus the legendaryancestor the Greet was of divine descentandRomulus the legendaryancestor of the Romanswasthe Sonof Mars,the god of war. He was supposed of the Romans was the Son of Mars, the god of war. He was supposed to have beenraisedto heavenin a cloud. An inscriptionof 48 B'C. to have been raised to heaven in a cloud. An inscription of 48 B.C. refers to Julius Ceesrr as "god manifest offspring of Ares and refers to Julius Caesar as "god manifest offspring of Ares and Aphrodite and commonsavior of human life"' Another inscription Aphrodite and common savior of human life". Another inscription refening to Augustus caessru says:"The Emperorcaesar, son of referring to Augustus Caesan says: "The Emperor Caesar, Son of God, god Augustus,overseer of land and sea." God, god Augustus, overseer land and sea." of Thesetitlesof "god" ,, "sonof god" ,,and "lord" beingcommonand These titles of "god" "son of god" and being common and widespread in the Mediterranean widespread region about of Jesus could Mediterranean regionaboutthe time of Jesus not but influence the general publicwho werenot deeplyinfusedwith not but influencethe general public who were deeply infused with the Judaic monotheism.They were terrns loosely used by all and the Judaic monotheism. They were tenns loosely used and sundry. sundry. The myths around those other personalities, mythological and The myths around those other personalities, mythological and historical,were strikingly similar to thoselater adopted Christians historical, were strikingly similar to those later adopted by Christians the case the ProphetJesus, whom be peace. FrancisYoung in the case of the Prophet Jesus, on whom be peace. Francis Young on his essay,Two Rootsor.a Tangled Mass? writes inter alia: in his essay, Two Roots or a Tanrled Mass? writes inter alia: "Moreover,one cannotdismissout handthe view that something "Moreover, one cannot dismiss out of hand the view that something of the samekind happened the caseof Jesus. Thereare,to take but of the same kind happened in the case of Jesus. There are, to take but in generalsimilaritiesbetweenLivy's accountof Romulus one example, general similarities between Livy's account of Romulus oneexample, aboutJesus: virgin birth, conception a and some synoptic narratives about Jesus: a virgin birth, conception and somesynopticnarratives by a god, a remarkablecare€r,no tace of his remains after death, an by a god, a remarkable career, no trace of his remains after death, an uip*.r*.. after deathto commissionhis successors, offering of the appearance after death to commission his successors, the offering of pr"y"rr to him. It would be impossible makea convincingcasefor to prayers to him. It would be impossible to make a convincing case for iiti"t influence;but peopleliving at roughly the sametime do seem direct influence; but people living at roughly the same time do seem with parallel motifs." to have produced mythological accounts with parallel motifs." to have producedmythological accounts To rcturn to the text of the Bible, when Jesus was brought before the To return to the text of the Bible, when Jesus was brought before the court he refusedto concurto the chargethat he claimedto be the.Son court he refused to concur to the charge that he claimed to be the Son of God asmadmenand pagans beenpropagatin$ abouthim: And of God as madmen and pagans had been propagating about him:'And had the high priest stood up and said; the high priest stooduP and said; 155 l
  18. 18. "Have you no answer lo nuke? What is it that thesenun testify "Have you no answer to make? What is it that these men testify againstyou ?" But Jesw was silenl And the high priestsaid to against you ?" But Jesus was silent And the high priest said to him, "I adjure you hy the living God, tell us ifyou are the Christ, him, "] adjure you by the living God, tell us ifyou are the Christ, the Son of God. " Jesus said to him. "You have said so. But] tell the son of God" Jesussaid to hittt "you havesaid so.But I tett hereafter will seethe son otman seatedat the right hand you hereafter you will see the son ofman seated at the right hand of Power, and coming on the cloudso! heaven.,, ofPower, and coming on the clouds ofheaven. " Matthew 26:62-64 Matthew 26:62-64 The three Gospels Matthew, Mark and Luke (called "synoptic" The three Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke (called "synoptic" meaningcoffrmonview because meaning common view because they agree in fonn and content) do they agreein form and content)do not referto Jesus the "only" son God. It is the Gospel John as not refer to Jesus as the "only" Son of God. It is the Gospel of John which laysspecial stress the divinity Jesus, callshim, the which lays special stress on the divinity of Jesus, and calls him, the on and Only Son of God. Only Son God. the Word becamefleshand dwell among us,full of grace "And the Word becameflesh and dwell among us,full ofgrace and truth; we have beheld his glory, truth; we have beheld his glory, glory as ofthe onlySonfrom the as otthe only Sonfrom Falher." Father. " Johnn1:14 J o b l :14 "For God so loved "For God so loved the world that he gave his only Son, that lhat gave his Son, whoeverbelieves whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. " nol have hfe." John 3:16 J o hn3:16 What is special about the use of the term "Son of God"? Going What special about the use of the tenn "Son of God"? Going through the Bible we find suchterms being usedin referenceto many through the fmd such tenns being used reference many othersbesidesJesus Christ. In the Old Testament, of it having others besides JesusChrist. the Testament, all of having beenwritten beforethe birttr ofJesr:swe find the following examples: been before birth ofJesus fmd examples: "71/hen men began to multiply on the face of the ground and "When began multiply face of ground daughters were born to lhem, the sons of God saw that the daughters were them, sons of saw daughters of men werefoir; and they took wives such of them as daughters of were fair; wives such of as they chose. " they chose." Genesis 1-2 Genesis 6:l-2 6: l16 6
  19. 19. or who laid its cornerstone,when the "On what were i8 hasa sunk,or who bA iE cornettlonc, when the "On what were its bases morning slarx songtogcthcr, and aII the sottsof God shouledfor morning stan sang together, and all the sons of God shoutedfor joy?" joY?" Job 38:6-7 Job 38:6-7 ,,Yet the numher of thepeople of Isrocl shallhe he tIP sandof the " Yet fhe number ofthepeoptc o/Israel shall be li*c the sand ofthe sea, which can be neithet ncasured nor numheted, end in the place sea, be neither measured nor numbered, IUId in the place where il ncs saidto then, "You arc not my Pcople" It shsll he said where it was to them, "You are not my people." It shall be said to them "Sons ofthe living God." tothcm"sonsotthelivinSGod" Hoscal:10 Hosea 1:10 Apparently it was quite common practice befqfc the time of Jcsus Apparently it before time of Jesus even for Hebrew writers on religious zuiccts to usc thc tcnn "sons even for suQiects use the term "sons of God" in referenccto thosc who wcre bcloved of God. An Italian of God" in reference those were beloved of An Italian Biblicat authority, Marcello craveri, who wrote The LV< of rcsrc. Biblical authority, Craveri, Thc I ifc IlI/fSus. however, believes that the term has in history undergone changes however, believes has undergone changes through mistranslation. He writes: through mistranslation. Testamentdoes contain the phras€cbcd Yahweh' "Actually, the Old Testament does contain the phrase (bed Yahwc!J. "Actually, the which, howevcr, means"the scrvant of God", "th€ slave of God", which, however, means "the servant of God", "the slave of God", Septuagint translates it God's liege subject. The Greek text of Septuagint translates it God's liege subject. The Gre€k in as much asItEI" the L*;n Us' equivocally as fJzais TheON, in as much asJJlli,t, like the LatinI1J«L equivocaliy as (poblheoil, or "slav€", subscquently, it was quite can mean either "little boy" or "slave", subsequently, it was quite can mgan either "little nboy" with simple to replace llJli,t in the sense of "boy" with tlaJW,, which means simple to replacelerh in thc scnseof &I4,t ufrich mcalut nson'. "son". Indccd in Hcbrew literature even the term "god" seemsto have been Indeed in Hebrew literature even the term "god" seems to have been rattrcr looscly uscd.In Exoduswe rcad of God addlcssingMoscs and rather loosely used. In Exodus we read of God addressing Moses and tetling him about thc relation ufrich would bc bcnveen him and telling him about the relation which would be between him and Aaron: Aaron: pcoptc; and hc shail bc a nnulhfor "He slid SJHlfIk/or you to tile people;""d lie slid be a 1IIOIIthfor "Hc shallsphfor Jnu to thc lOll, ",,4 you slid be to him tIS God. " ,vr4 at d You shalt bc to him os Gd'" Exodus4:16 Exodus 4: 1"6 17 7 1
  20. 20. Note egain: Note again: "I say, "You arc gods, sons of the Most High, all of you "l say, "You are gods, sons of the Most High, all of you neverthelus,you shall die like men andfall lihe any prince,i nevertheless, you shall die like men andfall like any prince. " Psalm 82:6-7 Psalm EZ:6-7 All thosequotationsare from the old restament let us now seewhat All those quotations are from the Old Testament let us now see what the New Testament to say.Luke reports Jesuspreaching: has the New Testament has to say. Luke reports Jesus preaching: "But loveyour etumies, and do good and lend expecting nothing II But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in r&rrn; and your renard will hegreat, and you wilt be sonsof tie in return,' andyour reward wiU be great, andyou wi/I be sons ofthe Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the selfish" Most High; for he is kind to the ungrateful and the selfish." Luke 6:35 Luke 6:35 In the Gospelaccording Matthew Jesus reportedto say: to In the Gospel according to Matthew Jesus is reported to say: is "Blused are thepeacema*asfor they shall be "Blessed are the peacemakersfor they shall be called sons ofGod" sorc of God.,, Matthew 5:9 Matthew 5:9 Paulin his letter to the Romans writes: Paul in his letter to the Romans writes: uFor aII "For all who are led by the Spirit ofGod are sons ofGod II Spirit of God arc sorc of God, Romans 8:14 Romans 8:14 The two men who are said to have done their utmost to ascribe The men are said have done utmost ascribe divinity to Jesuschrist are John and paul; and yet from the above Jesus Christ are John and Paul; and above quotation Paul definitely admitsthat resuswas not the only son of Paul definitely admits Jesus was son of God, but "all who are led by the Spirit of God are sons of God." God, "all ofGod sorrsofGod" Let us seewhat John has to say, he who hascoined the phrasc, ,rthc us see what John has to say, who has coined the phrase, "the only son of God". In the course of an argumentJenrs had with the only son ofGod". In the course of an argument Jesus had with the rews who wanted to stone hinr, he askedof them for which of the Jews who wanted to stone him, he asked of them for which of the good works that he had shown them werc they stoning him? good.works that he had shown them were they stoning him? l18 8
  21. 21. The Jews answeredhim, ulfe stoneyoufor no good wor*s butlor The Jewsallswered "We stone you for no good works butfor btasphemy; becauseyou beinga mon, makeyourself God"" Jesus blasphemy,' because you being a man, make yourself God. Jesus answered them, "Is it not written in your law, said, you are gods! answeredthem, "Is it not wriflen in your law, II said, you are gods! If he called them gods to whom the word of God came (and the If he called them gods to whom the word of God came (and the scripture cannol he broken), doyoa say of him of whom the Father scripture cannot be broken), do you sayofhim ofwhom the Father consecraled ond sent into lhe world, "You are blaspheming" consecrated and sent into the world. are blaspheming" hecouseI said "I am the son of God?" because I said "1 son of J o h nl10:33-36 John 0 :3 3 -36 other words Jesus was pointing Jewish persecutors that In otherwords Jesuswas pointingout to his Jewishpersecutors that the term Son of God wasno more blasphemous the tenn Son of God was than the tetm t'godsl' more blasphemous thanthe tenn "gods" which had been usedin respectof others previousto him. At least had been used respect of others previous At least that what the of John's Gospel implies. Jesus's own personal that is what the writer of John'sGospelimplies.Jesus's personal preferencewas for the term "son of man", in Hebrew, Arabic and preference was the tenn rIson of man ", Hebrew, and Swahili: nBenAdam", which Swahili: "Ben Adam",which just means "man". This repeated no means "man". This is rep€ated the Testament, mostly spokenby Jesus less than 80 times in the New Testament, less than 80 times mostly spoken Jesus once he reported categoricallycall the Son himself. Not once is he reported to categorically call himself the Son himself. of God in any special sense. God any specialsense, Finally let us considerChrist's last words when he was about to Finally let us consider Christ's last words when he was about to ascend heaven related the Gospel John: ascend to heaven as related in the Gospel of John: to as Filher, to God "J am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and "I am ascendingto my Fother your God. " God-" John 20:17 John 20: 17 It is very clear to understandwhat Jesus meant by this single It is very clear to understand what Jesus meant by this single sentence, that his sonshipwas in no way differentfrom the sonship sentence, that his sonship was in no way different from the sonship of all men. of all men. The Americanwriter, Upton Sinclair,saysin his book, " A Pqnonol The American writer, Upton Sinclair, says in his book, "A Pmonal ~ :: Jeuus" " And lest anyonethink that in calling God his Fatherhe "And lest anyone think that:: in calling God his Father he was proclaiming himself the Son, let it be madeclear that he called was proclaiming himself the Son, let it be made clear that he called God your Father, too. He said it eighrcen times in the New God your Father, too. He said it eighteen times in the New Testament:"Your HeavenlyFatherK1oweth", and so on. He meant Testament: "Your Heavenly Father Knoweth", and so on. He meant that we were all sonsof God, and hc was one of them." that we were all sons of God, and he was one of them." t9 19
  22. 22. GOD AND JESUS (are they one and the same ?) GOD AND JESUS (are they one rnd rhe seme ?) christian Chuches teachthat Jesus Christian Churches teach that Jesus Christ is not only the Son of God, christ is not only the son of God, but that "he is very God". The Father,The son andthe Holy spirit are but that "he is very God". The Father, The Son and the Holy Spirit are one. Three in one, and one in Three. They are co-etemal and co- one. Three in one, and one in Three. They are co-eternal and co- equal.Jesus God, and God is Jesus. is That is thc christian dogm4 to equal. Jesus is God, and God is Jesus. That is the Christian dogma, to which the majority of thosewho call themselves which the majority of those who call themselves Christians subscribe. christians subscribe. St. Paul in his first letter to the Corinthianswrote: St. Paul in his first letter to the Corinthians wrote: "we are evenfound to be misrepresenting "We are even found to be misrepresenting God, because we testified God,because testfred we ofGod that he raised Christ. whom he did 1I0t raise if it is true that of God he raised chrisL whom he not raise tf rt ir the deadare nol raised'l the dead are not raised. " I Corinthians t 5: t 5 1Corinthians 15: 15 spite of Paul's alleged that christ was the samebeing as In spite of Paul's alleged belief that Christ was the same being as God, he could not but say "God RaisedChrist". If Jesusand God God, he could not but say:: "God Raised Christ". If Jesus and God were one and the sa,me would not have beenmore appropriate were one and the same would it not have been more appropriate to speakof the operation the speak of the operation in the following terms : Christ raised himself terms Christ raised If God raisedchrist, the ? If God raised Christ, the two could not possibly be the same being. could possibly be the strmebeing. One was definitely the performer and the other upon One was definitely the perfonner and the other upon whom the the operationwas performed, operation was performed. John,the otherstrongadvocate the divinity of Christ"reportsin his John, the other strong advocate of the of of Christ, reports Gospelthat Jesussaid: "Let not yoru heartsbe troubled;believein Gospel that Jesus said: not your hearts be troubled; believe God, believealso in me." The word "also" emphasize distinction God, believe also me." The "also" emphasize the distinction the betweenGod and Christ. between God and Christ. In the Acts of the Apostles we read: ,,And he (Stephen) said, of Apostles read: "And (Stephen) said, "Behold, II seethe heavens openedand the Son of man standing at see heavensopened and ofman standing at the right hand olGod" " right ofGod. 7:56 Acts 7:56 20 20
  23. 23. The Son of man, as Jesuspreferredto catl himsctf, is secnby Stephen The Son of man, as Jesusprefened to call himself, is seen by Stephen to be standingat the right hand of God. Hence he cannot at the same to be standing at the right hand of God. Hence he cannot at the same time be God; and this is a descriptionof a situation in heaven,He is time be God; and this is a description of a situation in heaven, He is no longer the Jesusof this world described in Hebrew 2 as having no longer the Jesus of this world described in Hebrew 2 as having been ',made like his brethren in every respect, so that he might been Il made like his brethren in every respect, so that he might becomea merciful and faithful high priest in the serviceof God".• become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God ll On the Mount of Olivesto which Jesusfled huntedby the Jews,he On the Mount of Olives to which Jesus fled hunted by the Jews. he took occasionto withdraw from his disciples,and there in seclusion took occasion to withdraw from his disciples, and there in seclusion prayed God: prayedto God: "Father, if thou "Father, if thou art wHling, renurvethis cupfrom rfl'e;nevertheless willing, remove this cup/rom me; nevertheless not my will, but thinc he done-" And there appearedto him an not my thine be done." And appeared him angel/rom hetven, strengthening hiruu" angelfrom heaven, strengtheninghim. Luke 22:4243 22:4243 We Dote here three important things: We note herc three thingr: 1. Jesus prays to God, Jesus worship God. Hence they are two L Jesusprays God, Jesus worship God- Hencethey are beings unequalstatus the extent that one has pray separate beings of unequal status to the extent that one has to pray separate to the other. to the othcr. butthe will Jesgs, son man' the 2. They have two separate wills, but the will of Jesus, the son of man, 2. Thcy have separate is subordinate that of God. God's to must prcvail. is subordinate to that of God. God's will must prevail. 3. Jesrs,beingmar loscsheart and weakens,and God Almighty, as 3. Jesus, being man, loses heart and weakens, and God Almighty. as the sourceof all strength,scndsan angelto strcnghen Jesus. the source of all strength, sends an angel to strengthen Jesus. In the Gospel of John, Jesus says categorically: In the Gospelof John,Jesussayscategorically: "For the Father is greater than !" Johnl4:28 John 14:28 "For the Father is grcater lhan It' And finalty on the cross: "And about the ninth hoat Jesrtscried And finally on the cross: "And about the ninth hour Jesus cried t'My with a loud voice,"Eli, Eli, la ma sabach+hani ?r', that is' with a loud voice, "EIi, Eli, la ItUI sabach-thani ?", that is, "My God, my God, why hostlhouforsaken nte?t' God, my God, why hast thou/orsaken me?" Matthew 27:46 Matthew 27:46 21 l 2
  24. 24. It is clear from the abovequotationthat Jesus It is clear from the above quotation that Jesus and God are not only and God are not only separateentitiesbut their will are different and could be even separate entities but their will are different and could be even contradictory; the superior will must however prevail. what is contradictory; the superior will must however prevail. What is shocking, however,is the despairingtoneof christ's supplication shocking, however, is the despairing tone of Christ's supplication on on the cross.Far from being the only begottenson of God or God, we the cross. Far from being the only begotten Son of God or God, we could not expectsuchweakness evenfrom an ordinarymortal with could not expect such weakness even from an ordinary mortal with a trustin God. a trust in God. MIRACLES MIRACLES:: But in whose Authority ? But in whoseAuthoriry ? Among the proofs advanced someto substantiate divinity of by Among the proofs advanced by some to substantiate the divinity of the Jesusare the miracles which he is reputedby the Gospelsto have Jesus are the miracles which he is reputed by the Gospels to have performed.Examplesof such miraclesare the turning of water into performed. Examples of such miracles are the turning of water into wine, the healing of the leprous and the paralytic, the exorcising of wine, the healing the leprousand the paralytic,the exorcising the possessed, raising the dead and walking on water. But the the the possessed, the raising of the dead,, and walking on water. But the very sameGospels us that Jesus tell attributedall thosemiraclesand very same Gospels tell us that Jesus attributed all those miracles and everythingthat he ever did to the God who had senthim. Henceare everything that he ever did to the God who had sent him. Hence are a few examples: a few examples: "For I have not spokenon my own authority; the Father who sent "For have spoken own who me has himself given me commandmentwhat to say and what to himselfgiven commandment say and what speak-And [ know that his commandment is eternar life, I say, speak. And I his commandment eternal life. I say, therefore, I say as the Father has bidden me.,, therefore, I say hasbidden me. " John 12:49-50 Johnl2:49-50 "I can do nothing on my own authority; as II hear,I[judge; and my "1 hear, judge; and judgement is just, becauseI[ see* not my own wilr hut the will of judgement is just, because seek not my own will but will of him who senl me." !lim who sent me. " John 5:30 John5:30 Jesustakesjustifiable pride in speakingand actingon God'sauthority Jesus takesjustifiable pride in speaking and acting on God's authority and in obedienceto his command. In the story of the raising of and in obedience to his command. In the story· of the raising of Lazarusfrom the deadas relatedby John we read: Lazarus from the dead as related by John we read: 2? 22
  25. 25. "Then Jesas,deeplymoved again, canv to the tomh; It was a cave, "Then Jesus, deeply moved again, came to the tomb; It a cave, and o stone lay upon it Jesussaid, "Take away lhe stone't. Martha, and a stonelay upon it Jesus soid, "Take away tile stone". Martha, the sister of the dead mon, said to him, "Lord, by this time lhere the sister of the dead man, to lIim, "Lord, by time there will he an odor,for he has beendeodfour days. "Jesus saidto her, witl be an odor,for he has been deadfour days. "Jesussaid to her, tell you that ifyou would believe you would seethe glory "Did I[ not tell you that if you would believeyou would see the glory "Did of God?" So they took away the stone. And Jesus lifted up his eyes o/God?" So awaythe stane.And Jesuslifted up eyes and said, "Father, II thank thee that thou hearestme always, hut IJ said, "Father, thee that hearest always, but have said this on account of the people standing by, that they may have said of people standing hy, that believe that thou didst hear me. " helieve thau didst hear me." John I l:38-44 Iohn 11 :38-44 From the abovewe note three things: the above note three things: L Jesustells Marthathat she"would seethe glory of God," and not I. Jesus tells Martha that she "would see the glory of God," and not Jesus glory, Jesus alwaysseeksthe glory of Ood who sent Jesus own glory, for Jesus always seeks the of God sent him. him. Jesusprays God miracle, and thanksGod 2. Jesus prays to God for miracle, and dutifully thanks God for answering his prayers. answeringhis prayers that indeedGod 3. Jesus takes pains to convince the spectators that it is indeed God 3. Jesustakespains convincethe spectators who has senthim. and that what he doeshe does who has sent him, and that what he does he does with God'sGod's authority. authoritY. own rising from the dead,the so called Much is also made of Jesus's own rising from the dead, the so called Much is alsomade Jesus's resurrection. all refcrences the event in the Biblc makeclear to resurrection. But all references to the event in the Bible make clear But that was God who raisedhim. He did not rise his own volition. that it was God who raised him. He did not rise of his own volition. Indeed neither was he unique in the act. Indeedneitherwas he uniquein the act. In 2 Kings 4:32-35we readof a child who was raisedfrom the dead. In 2 Kings 4:32-35 we read of a child who was raised from the dead. Another caseis reportedin I Kings 17:22. The Bible also tells of Another case is reported in I Kings 17:22 . The Bible also tells of people who went up to heaven. peoplewho went up to heaven. "And as rhey still wentcn and talked, hehold, a chariot oflire and "And as they still went en and talked, behold, a chariot offire and horsesof lire septroted thc two of thent-And Eliiah went up by a horses offire separated the two ofthem. And Elijah went uphy a whirlwind into heaven. " whirl*ind into heaven," 2 Kings 2:11I 2 Kings2:l 23 23
  26. 26. nEnoch wslked with God: and he was noglor God too* hlmn "Enoch walked with God: and he was 1101,/0' God took him. " Genesis 5:24 Genesis5:24 such legendsabout outstandingpersonalitieswenercplete beforc and Such legends about outstanding personalities were replete before and at the time of Jesus.Josephus writingrnAntiquities saysof Moscs: at the time of Jesus. Josephus writing in Ant;quitie$ says of Moses: "a cloud suddenly stood over him and he disappearedin a certain "a cloud suddenly stood over him and he disappeared in a certain valley, althoughhe wrote in the holy books that he died, which was valley, although he wrote in the holy books that he died, which was done out of fear, lest they should ventue to say that, bccarrseof his done out of fear, lest they should venture to say that, because of his extraordinary virtue, he went to God.u Joscphusalso rncntions that extraordinary virtue, he went to God." Josephus also mentions that somepeoplethought that Moses "had beentakento the divinity.', some people thought that Moses "had been taken to the divinity." According to J. Jeremiasin moyrcr: ,tThqe went up to hcavcn: According to J. Jeremias in JIlQ)BI: "These went up to hellVen: Moses Elijah.t, Enoch, Moses and Elijah. " VIRGIN BIRTH THE VIRGIN BIRTH The virgin birttr of Jesus regarded,perhaps,as the The virgin birth of Jesus is regarded, perhaps, as the most powerful powcrful of all miracles supporting ofall miracles supporting the claim for his divinity. Maurice Wiles, di"i"ity. Maruicc wilcs, Regius Professor of Divinity and canon of christ church, oford, Regius Professor of Divinity and Canon of Christ Church, Oxford, and chairman ofthe church and Chainnan ofthe Church ofEngland Doctrinc Commission, writes Doctrine commissioq in his article Christianity without Incarllation ? in the book, .Itc article_Gfuitlignifitwithout Incunation 7 Ik Myth fit Incarnate: il{ilh of God Incarnate: "when around the beginning of this century, doubts were expresscd "When around of doubts expressed about the literal truth of the virginal conccption of Jesw, thesewerc about of conception of Jesus, these were treated as "itginal frequently treated as direct attacks upon the doctrine of incarnation. attacks of incarnation. The virgin birttr was so firmly regardcd as the msans by ufrich the virgin birth finnly regarded as means which incarnation was effected that the two weri widely regarded as incarnation was that the two were widely regarded as standingor falling togethcr." standing together." strong and irrefutable argumcntshavedown thc pagcsofhiistory been Strong and inefutable arguments have down the pages of hiStory been presentcdagainst thc doctrine of incaroatioq i.c.thc bcticf ttrat God presented against the doctrine ofincarnation, i.e. the belief that, God Almighty took thc human form as JesusofNazarcth" The arguments Almighty took the human form as Jesus ofNazareth. The arguments range from the Quranic ufrich draw the parallel of thc creation of range from the Quranic which draw the parallel of the creation of Adarn from no-fathcr and no mother,and the conccptionof Elizabcth Adam from no-father and no mother, and the conception ofElizabeth, 24 24
  27. 27. the wife of Zachariah,who barrenand having passedmenopause, did the wife of Zachariah~ who barren and having passedmenopause,did yet give birth to John.In the caseof Zachariatr,the Qur'an says: yet give birth to John. In the case of zachariah, the Qur'an says: "Thns doth Allah accomplishwhat he willcth."" "Thus doth Allah accomplish what he wUleth. Qur'an 3:40 Qur'an3:40 And in the case of Mary the Qur'an says: And in the caseof Mary the Qur'an says: ,,Even so: Atlah createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed "Even so: Allah createth what He wUleth: When He hath decreed a plan, He but saith to il ttBettand it h !" a plan, He but saith to it "Be" and it is /" Qur'an3:47 Qur'an 3:47 But these are scriptural arguments;they are for a people who have these are scriptural argwnents; are people have faith. Thereare thosewho have dismissedthe whole thing as purely faith. There are those have dismissed as mythological, and have presented many similar claims of virgin birth mythological,and havepresented many claims of for pagan divinities prior to JesusChrist. Persusof Greece was pagan Jesus Christ. Persus of Greece was supposed havebeenborn by a Danae.The virgin Rhea Silvia gave supposed to have been born Danae. The Rhea gave birth to Romulusof Rome.The EgyptianHorus was bom by Isis, the birth Romulus of Rome. The Egyptian Horus was born Isis, the immaculate virgin queen of heaven. The argwnent is that these immaculate virgin queen heaven.The argument that these legendswere culrent the Meditenaneanregion about the time of legends were current in the Mediterranean region about the time of Jesus was most likely equally legendary. Jesus was most likely equallylegendary. the current Rationalist interpreters of the Bible have found fault with the current Rationalistinterpreters the Bible havefound fault translations, havesoughtto and placeon recordwhat they believe is translations, and have sought to place on record what they believe is the more correct rendering the original text. Mafcello Craveri the more correct rendering of the original text. Marcello Craveri accusesthe Church Fathersof launchinginto a searchfor every accuses the Church Fathers of launching into a search for every passage the Scriptureswhich could be seenin any way to foretell passage in the Scriptures which could be seen in any way to foretell in itre coming of a "Son of God" throughvirgin birth. As an example the coming of a "Son of God" through virgin birth. As an example Craverirefersto Isaiatr7:14 as the most quotedprophecyregarding Craveri refers to Isaiah 7:14 as the most quoted prophecy regarding the virgin birth: the virgin birth: 'tTherefore the Lord himself will giveyou a sign, Beholda virgin "There/ore the Lord himselfwill give you a sign. Behold a virgin and hear a son,and shall call his narneImnruueL" shall conceive, and bear a son, and shaH caU his name llllnUlnueL II shallconceive, Craveri arguesthat the prophecyhad nothing to do with the birth of Craveri argues that the prophecy had nothing to do with the birth of Jesus.The original text speaks, of a "virgin" but of a "young Jesus. The original text speaks, not Q.(a "vier;n" but Q.(a "vouor nol Revised StandardVersion of the Biblc agreeswith woman". The Revised Standard Version of the Bible agrees with tryoman".The The actualmeaningof the prophecy Marcello Craveri in this respect. The actual meaning of the prophecy Marcello Craveri in this respect. 25 25
  28. 28. is admittedto be diffrcult by the samechristian cornmentators is admitted to be difficult by the same Christian commentators who who claim that it refersto Jesus. Craverisaysthat is asexpected ',sincethe claim that it refers to Jesus. Craven says that is as expected "since the excerpthad nothingto do with the birth of Jesus. is the endingof excerpt had nothing to do with the birth of Jesus. It is the ending of It a discussionthat Isaiah says he had with King Ahae, in which the a discussion that Isaiah says he had with King Ahaz, in which the prophetreassured king of the imminent destruction his two the prophet reassured the king of the imminent destruction of his two of enemies, Kings of Syria and Israel". the enemies, the Kings of Syria and Israel". AnotherrationalistG. vermes in resusthgJew iuguesthat "virgin" Another rationalist G. Vennes in Jesus the Jew argues that "virgin" even as applied to Mary could well have originally meant one too even as applied to Mary could well have originally meant one too young for child-bedng, young for chi~d-bearing, just as Sarah, Hannah and Elizabeth were as sarah, Hannahand Elizabeth were old, or barren. old, or barren. Lastly we have the opinion a scientistand a medical practitioner Lastly we have the opinion of a scientist and a medical practitioner regardingthe generalquestion conceptionby a regarding the general question of conception by a virgin. Dr. T.H. Dr. T.H. Van de Velde M.D. uniting his best selling book on sexology, Van de Velde M.D. writing in his best selling book on sexology, Idcal Marriage, says: "Therre are numeroui though; of course, Ideal Marriqre. says: "There are numerous though; of course, exceptional instanceson record of imprcgnation exceptional instances on record of impregnation or conception conception the penetration sp€rm cclls following the penetration of spenn cells into the female genitalia the female genitaria completejAanUlC.pCa& entance of the male organ. Such without complete jmmissiopenis or entrance of the male organ. Such cases are of great practical importance. They plainly prove two cases are of great practical importance. They prove things; Firstly, that wrder certain circumstances things; ~ that under certain circumstances impregnation can impregnationcan resultevenwhen thebt4nremains unbroken. Andsecond(urthat result even when the..b.mJm remains unbroken.And secondlY. that a qtennatozoon canreachthe femaleorgarur spermatozoon can reach the female organs indirectly, e.g. through the e.g. through the contactof a finger..." contact of finger..." The profundity of all thesc speculations,medical, scientific or of these speculations, medical, rational, is undoubted;but it is the Qru'an which spells out the truth rational, undoubted; the Qur'an spells in words simple enoughfor babcsto urderstand: words simple enough babes understand: "The similitude of Jesus betore Allah is as that of Adam: He of Jesus before Allah of Adam: created himfrom dust, then said to him: "8e,,: and he was. The created him from dust, soid him.' "Be": was. truth (com*) trom Allah alone; so be nol of thosewho doubt" truth (comes)/romAlloh so not ofthose doubt." Qur'an 3:59-60 Qur'an3:59-60 26 26
  29. 29. JESUS - Prophet from Nazareth the servant of God JESUS - Prophet from Nazareth the serryant of God "Christ disdaineth not to serve and worshipGod" "Christ disdaineth serve worship Qur'an4:172 Qur'an 4: 172 The Bible bearsout this Quranictruth. In numberof placeswe note bears Quranic number of places note Jesus saying with Jesussaying with pride that he hasbeensentby God, and a number has been sent number of times he is referredto as the "servantof God" of times referred as "servant of "Andtlrir tr eternal life, that they nay know thee the only true God, "And this is they nuzy thee God, and Jesus Christ whom thou has sent. " and lesus Chrkt whom has senl." John17:3 John 17:3 Thus Jesus befitting humility addresses God as "the only true Thus Jesusin befitting humility addresses God as "the true God", and he himself hasbeensentas a messenger God. God", and he himself has been sent as messenger of God. of "God having raised up his senant sent hi~ to youtirct, to bless you "God raisedup hisservant sentht.tt youflrst, lo bless in turning every one ofyou from yoar wickedness. " turning everyone of youtrom your wickedness." Acts 3:26 Acts 3:26 "The God of Ahraham of Isaac of Jacob, God of our "The God ofAbraham and of Isaac and of Jacob, the God ofour fathers, his semant Jesus,whom delivered and fathers, glorified his servant Jesus, whom you delivered up and denied presenceol Pilate, when he decided release denied in the presence of Pilate, when he had decided to release him."" hittt Acts 3:133 A c ts3 :1 "And now,Lordr upon their threa&, to setl'ants "And now, Lord, look upon their threats, and grant to thy servants ta speakthy ward with all holdness,while stretches lhy to speak thy word with all boldness, while thou stretches out thy to heol, sign wonder$ are perforped through the hand to heal, and sign and wonders are performed through the name ofthy holy servant Jesus. " name of thy sertant Jesus." Acts 4:30 Acts 4:30 The sick ere healed,signsrnd wonde6 are performed: who does The sick are healed, signs and wooden are performed: who does all this? It is the hand Q,fGod The name of Jesus may be invoked, all this ? It is thq hand qf God The nameof Jesusmay be invoked, but that is only instrumental, an interceder, he at bestis only for but that is only instrumental, as an interceder, for he at best is only as "the holy servant of God." "the holy servant God." of 27 27
  30. 30. Jesnsis rcported to say accordingto the Gospels: nwhoever receives Jesus is reported to say according to the Gospels: "Whoever receives me, receives not me but Him who sent me. " nu, receives mi hut Him who sentme.rl not Mark 9:37 Mark 9:37 The Qur'an express€sthe same s€nsein the following wonds: rrtrIe The Qur'an expresses the same sense in the following words: "He who obeysthe Apostle (Muharunad -saws)oheys who obeys the Apostle (MuhanutUld -saws) obeys Allah. " Allah.,, Qur'an4:80 Qu'an 4:80 And in the following versethe ProphetMuhammadis told by And in the following verse the Prophet Muhammad is told by Allah: ",Scy; If ye do love God,follow me: God will love "Say: Ifye do love God,foliow me: God wil/love you andforgive andlorgive youyour sins:for God is oft-torgiving, you your sins: for God is oft-forgiving, Most MercifuL " Mercful" Qur'an 3:31 Qut'an3:31 In the Gospel John Jesusnys: "Myfood In the Gospel of John Jesus says: "Myfood is to do the will ofhim do wiII of him who sentme, who sent me, and to accomplish His work. " to accomplish His work" John 4:34 John4:34 That is indeed the literal translation of the word ISLAIVI, That is indeed the literal translation of the word ISLAM, which means, "Sabmissian thc will af Godn means, "Submission to the will ofGod. " "My teachms ir not mine, bw hit "My teaching is not mine, but his who sent me; ifany rffin,s will is sent rru; tf artyIIUln's will do His will, to do His will, he shall know whether the teaching isfrom God or shall is from or whether I am speaking on nV own amhorigl He who spealcs on his amspeakhg my authority. who spca*s his own aathority seeks his own glory; hat hc wha seeks the glory of authority seehshis but he who seeks glory of Him who sent him is true, and in him therc is nofalsehoodt," Him sent trae, him there nofalsehood. John 7:14·18 John7:14-18 "He who receives you receives me, and he who receives nu receives "He receives receivs tsu, receivg me recciva Him who sent me. He who receives a praphet beca~e he is a . Him me. receives prophet hecausc he is a prophet receives a prophet's reward, and hc who receives a prophet receives prophet's reward, and he who reccives a righleous mtn because he ls a righteous man shall receive a righteous man' because is righteor.s IrUJn recclvc a righteow manb reword"" righteous IIUln's reward. Matthew 10:4041 Matthew 10:40-41 28 28

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