tilll

                KITAB

        AL SALAAT
        rf r r(!ir      of PRAYFR)


                (]ON1PILED
          ...
,aaaaaa
                        ,a.laaaa
                        'aaaaaa
                        't,'aaaa


              ...
COOPERATIVE OFFICE

                 FOR

   CALL AND GUIDANCE

       UNDER SUPERVISION
PRESIDENCY ISLAMIC RESEARCH
     ...
PREF A C E

PRAISE to "Allah 6Wn "who ordained
            be
As Salaat (Prayer) an act of worship
                       ...
which notably may be summarised as
follows:

(1 ) Apparent                lack of subject
comprehensiveness mostbooks.  in...
TRANSLITERATION o the various
                          t
supplicationswhich a person needs to
recite in the course of the...
importantaspectsof the prayerand there
 is perhapsno other book which provides
such an elaborateaccountof the subject
a l ...
a k in d a p p e a l t o a l l th o se w h o ma Y
discoversomethingincorrectin this work
to communicate the same to the
p ...
- may Allah reward him for h i s s h a r eof
contributionin this work.



N AT H I F . AD A M
          J
R I Y A D H2 1 s...
AS-SALAAT (PRAYER)

INTRODUCTION

Salaat (PraYer) is one of the main
obfigations which "Attah 6Wn" has
ordainedon His serv...
In another verse "Allah 6Wn"                 says:
..AND
           ESTABLISH REGULAR PRAYERS
AT THE TWO ENDS OF THE DAY A...
The abovequotedOur'aniccommandsby
"Altah ,Swff'and the honouredsayings
o f t he Pr o p h e ( PB U Hcl e a rl yi n d i ca t...
It is a deliverance on the Day of
Judgementfor thosewho usedto observe
it well. The Prophet(PBUH)
                        ...
W UDH U( AB L U T ION )

Prio r to e n t e r i n g S a l a a t,th e p e rso n i s
r e q u i r e d t o u n d e r t ak e a c...
C O N D I T I O N S OR T H E P E R F OR M ANCE
                   F
 oF w U D H U ( A B L U T |ON )

Th e r e a r e v a ri...
the wudhu.

7 . Be i n g c o n s c i o u s a n d ke e P i n g th e
Wudhuin mind.

ES SE N T I AA C T SOF WU D H U
        ...
VOLUNTARY
        ACTS OF WUDHU

Besides the above essential acts of
Wudhu, there are alsosomevoluntarybut
recommended act...
used to performWudhu:

1 . Ma k i n gt h e i n t e n ti o n p e rfo rmWu d h u
                                   to
as an...
importanceof the Miswak, the prophet
  ( P B U Hs a i d :
           )

 "lf it had not been too great
                   ...
t h e n e c k )a n d f r o m th e re , re tu rn i n gb o th
h ands u p t o a b o v eth e fo re h e a d .

9 . Fro m t h e ...
"A person who performs Wudhu properly
 will have his sins removed from hisbody,
 so much that the sins are removed even
 f...
Rega r d i n g t h e vi rtu e o f th e a b o ve
s u p p l i c a t i o nt,h e l e a d e r o f th e fa i th ful,
Uma r l b n...
can be notedfrom the followingsayingof
 t h e Pr o p h e t pB U H ):
                  (

 "My nation (tJmmah)
           ...
"O Bilal! tell me which of your acts is most
meritorious since ioining lslam, f or I heard
the sound of your shoesin Parad...
privilege continuously for three
 consecutivedays and nights (72 hours),
 but a residentmay do so for only one day
 and on...
2. The moment the socksare removed.

3 . Wh e n a n y o f th e ca se s re q u l rl n g
"G hus l " o c c u r .

MA TT E R S...
be used is preferred,         such as 3, S, etc.The
 person should ensure that no drops of
 ur i n e o r s t a i n s o f f...
5. Touching of the sexual organs
i n t e n t i o n a l l yd i r e ctl ya n d u n cl o th e d .
                         ,
...
the following cases:

1. After the discharge semenas a result
                      of
of stimulation whether awake or asl...
5. When a disbelievernewly embraces
f s lam , s u c h a p e rso n i s re q u i re d to
p e rf o r mG h u s l .

6 . W h e ...
is preferredfor a person who washes a
corpse).

E S S E N T I AR E O U I R E M E N T S G H U S L
               L         ...
v olu n t a r ya c t s r e co mme n d e d r Gh u s l.
                                        fo
Both the essentialand the...
b e g i n n i n g i t h th e ri g h tsi d ea n dth e n ,the
                 w
left side ensuringthat no part of the body
...
A CT S F O R B I D D E N O P E R S ON S
                       T               WH O
A RE R E O U I R E D O P E R F OR M U ...
ME N S T R U AT ION A ID H }
                  (H

This refers to the periodicaldischargeof
b lo o d b y w o me n i n th e...
ACTS FORBIDDEN TO WOMEN
EX PE R I EN C I N G N S T R U A T ION N D
                      ME               A
PO S T - C H I...
However,all scholarsare of the opinion
t ha t a h u s b a n dma y to u ch a n y p a rt o f his
wife's bodyabovethe navelan...
FOR YOURSELVES CLEAN SAND OR
EARTH, AND RUB THEREWITH YOUR
FACES AND HANDS, FOR ALLAH DOES
BLOT OUT SINSAND FORGIVES AGAIN...
Tayammum,  the personis required look
                                to
for water earnestly from any possible
source.

2 ...
Ta y a m m u mi s a l l o w e d .

THE E A R T H S O T L IT O E U S E DF ORA T -
             (           B
TAYAMMUM

T h ...
hand upto the wrist.

Notes:

1 . l f a n y d u s t cl i n g s to th e h a n d s upon
striking the earth, it should be blo...
1 . A l l a c t i o n sa n d c o n d i t i o n sh a t n u l l i f y
                                               t
Wu d ...
" Off ering prayer at its prescribed
t ime . . . . . . . "( R e p o rtey l ma m B u kh a ri )
                            ...
2. DHUHR (Nonn) PRAYER- lts time
begin sw h e n t h e su n re a ch e si ts h i g h est
poin t i n t h e s k y a n d co n t...
s u n s e t a n d t he a p p e a ra n ce f th e
                                       o
dawn.



ADHAAN (CALLTO PRAYER)

...
"WHO IS BETTERIN SPEECH THAN ONE
WHO CALLS (THE PEOPLE) TO ALLAH
AND WORKS RIGHTEOUSIVESS.,,
( O u r ' a n 1: 3 3 )
      ...
"The "Muadhins" will on the Day of
Judgement have the longest necks
(re f l e c t i n gt h ei r e xcl u si vee mi n e n c ...
3. ASH.HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN
RASUULULLAAH - ltestifythat
Muhammad is Allah's messenger. (to be
repeated2 times)

4. HAYYA'A...
"ASSALATU KHEIRUM MINA NAWM''.
(to be recited two times)whichmeans-
              for

"Salaat is better than sleep".

WH ...
THE SUPPLICATION AFTER THE
ADHAAN

Upon the completionof the Adhaan, it is
recommendedthat the listener recites
t he f o l...
Adhaan and in this regard the Prophet
( P B U Hs a i d :
         )

"....it becomes obligatory upon me to
intercede for h...
(once)
5. HAYYAALAL-FALAAH.

6. AAD AAMATIS-SALAAT. (rePeated
two times)

7. ALLAHUAKBAR.(repeated
                       ...
d. lt is prohibited offervoluntaryprayers
                      to
aft e r l q a m a h h a s b e e n ca l l e d o u t. The...
A d h a a n a n d t h e l q a ma h .H o w e ve r,i f he
decides to Perform the Adhaan, it is
preferredthat he does it in a...
1. A c c e p t a n ce o f l sl a mi c F a i th
d is b e l i e v e r a r e n o t re q u i re d e sta b lish
               ...
should be totally coveredexceptfor the
f a c e a n d w r i s t s.

6. Facingthe "Aiblah" - this meansthat a
person when pr...
7. Timing - prayersare to be observedin
 t h e i r p r e s c r i b e d me s.
                             ti

 8. Sanity a...
p e rf o rm i t i s a n a ct o f d i sb e l i e f(K u fr).
Therefore,parentsare requiredto guide
th eir ch i l d r e n t o...
c. The start of menstruation, the caseof
                            in
a girl.

               OF T H E A C T S OF THE
C ...
PILLARSOF THE SAr ^vAT - (ARKANU-
SAI AAT)

Th e pra y e r h a s o b l i g a to ryp i l l a rsw h i ch
mu s t be f u l fi ...
5 . A r e q u i r e m e nto ra i seth e h e a du p f r om
                          t
t h e R u k u up osi ti o n .

6 . A...
Position for the recitation of the "At-
Tashahud" (words of witness).

1 1 . A requirement to recite the tinal "At-
Tashah...
NECESSARYDUTIES THE SALAAT
                OF
(wAJTBATU-SAr
           AAT)

ln a d d i t i o nt o th e a b o ve1 4 p i l ...
4. Saying "RABBANA WALAKALHAMD"
when r e s u m i n g th e sta n d i n g p o si ti on
f ro m th e R u k u u a fte r sa yi n...
The above8 actsconstitute                     the necessary
du t i e so f t h e p ra ye ra n d i f o n e o f th em is
mi s...
t h e ri g h t h a n d p l a ce do ve r th e l e ft h a n d.

3 . Ra i s i n g f b o t h h a n d su p toth e l e ve lof
  ...
'' ISM ILLAHI -R.RAHMAN I -R- -
  B
RAHEEM." which means

"ln the name of Allah'                              the
Compassi...
the right foot erect with the bottomof the
t oes f i r m e d o n t h e g ro u n d .

1O.A preference practtce to          ...
"O Lord I seek your protection from the
torment of Jahanam (the hell fire), and
from the torment of the grave, and from
th...
f amouss a y i n g :

,,SALUU KAMA RAEYTUMUNIIUSALI'',
which means

"Perform your prayers in the same
manner you have seen...
Makkah), intending by heart to perform
the Fajr (Dawn)prayer.

Note:

T h e p e r s o ns h o u l dn o t p ro n o u n ce i ...
dedicate his intentions, recitationsand
act io n st o H i m a l o ne u n ti l th e e n d o f th e
pray er . W h i l e p r ...
b). "ALLAHUMMA BA|'D BAYNT WA
BAYNA KHATAYAYA KAMA BAA'DTA
BAYNA.AL.MASHRIKI WAL MAGHRIBI.
ALLAHUMMA NAAANIY MIN KHA-
TAYA...
WA ,ANA MINAL-MUSLIMIINA". which
me a n s

"l turn my face to Him Who created the
heavens and the earth, as a true believe...
"ln the name of Allah. the all Merciful, the
all Compassionate".

The personimmediately
                    thereafterreci...
h e , / s h e o u l da pp l yN o s.1,2 ,3 a n d 4 , a nd
            w
woufd listento the lmam recitingthe "Al-
Fatihah" l...
I n a d d i t i o n w h i l e i n R u ku up o si ti o n , t is
                    ,                                   i
a...
.'RABBANA
           WA LAKA AL HAMDU
HAMD AN K A T HE E R 'A N T A Y Y IB A N
MOBARAKAN FEEHIY MILA'S
SAMAWATI WA MILA' A...
"AHLU THANAA'I WALMAJDI A-HAAU
MA AAALA ALABDU WAKULUNA LAKA
ABD, ALLAHUMMA LA MAANI'A LIMA
ADEYTA WALA M U'DIYA LIMA
MAN'...
first before the hands if possible.
However,if not possible, personmay   the
t ouc h t h e   g r o u n dw i th th e h a n ...
,,SUBHANAKAALLAHUM MA RABBANA
WA BI HAMDIKA, ALLAHUMMA IGHFIR
Lll", which means

"Glory be to Thee,our Lord, and I praise ...
t h e P r o p h e t( PB U H ) se d to sa y w h i l e i n
                            u
pros tr a t i o n :

a.,'ALLAHUMMA ...
" O Lord, give my soul its
                             devoutnessand
  purify it, for none other than Thou
              ...
the right foot erect with the toes of the
right f o o t f i r m e d o n th e g ro u n d 'Wh i l e i n
t h is p o s i t i o...
alt h o u g ht h e r e i s n o h a rm i f o mi tte d That
                                                       .
  is th...
that the Prophet(PBUH),practicedboth
these methods and it is advisable to
practicethe first methodat times and the
other m...
INAKA HAMIDON MAJID. WA BARIK
ALAA MUHAMMAD WA ALAA AALI
MUHAMMAD KAMA BARAKTA ALA
IBRAHIMA WA ALAA AALI IERAHIM.
INAKA HA...
It is recommendedto add to the above
read i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g su p p l i ca ti o nin
whic h t h e p e rso n a sk...
(PB U H ) s r e p orte d y l b n Ma sso u d ay
          a                b               (m
A lla h b e p l e a se d i th...
Performahce:

1. T h e f i r s t t w o Ra ka a tso f th e D h u h r
p ra y e ra r e p e r f o r me dn th e sa mema n n e r...
3 . U p o n p e r fo rmi n gN o . 1 2 i n th e four th
Rakaat,the person sits for the tinal At'
Ta s h a h u d a n d co me...
Recitation' Our'anic recitationsin this
prayer is made loudly in the first two
r ak aats b y t h e le a d e r (l ma m) o r...
(or by whoeverpraysalone)may be either
long or short passages the HolyOur'an.
                     of

2. Upon raisingthe ...
v . " l s H A ( E V E N I N G )R A Y E R "
                             P

Number of rakaats.'Four

Recitation' Our'anic r...
m a y n o t n e e dto re ci teOu r'a n i cp a ssages
him s e l f b u t sh o u l d p a y a tte n ti o nto the
l m a m ' sr ...
however, is that if a person made an
 a ddit i o n t o t h e p ra ye r, th e n , th e tw o
prostrationsof forgetfulnesssho...
re s u m e a p r op e r sta n d i n gp o si ti o nand
read the "Al-Fatihah" and some other
v e r s e sf r o m th e H o l y...
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER

2,531

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,531
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
34
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

KITAB AL- SALAAT THE BOOK OF PRAYER

  1. 1. tilll KITAB AL SALAAT rf r r(!ir of PRAYFR) (]ON1PILED BY: N A ] I J I I iI 1 A A D A ] V J
  2. 2. ,aaaaaa ,a.laaaa 'aaaaaa 't,'aaaa ,ataata 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aiaaaa 'aaaaaa 'a,tataa 'a,taaaa KITAB 'aataaa 'aaaaaa 'aaiaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa ,aaaaaa 'a)aaaa 'aaaaaa 'aataaa AL- SALAAT 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa ',taaaaa 'aaaaaa 'taaaaa 'aaaaaa (THE BOOK OF PRAYER) 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aafaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa COMPILED 'aaaaaa BY: ',taaaaa 'aaaata NATHIFJAMA ADAM 'aaaaaa 'aaataa ,aaa+aa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaa,ta 'aaaaaa 'aaataa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa ,taataa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaea 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'aaaaaa 'liitfi
  3. 3. COOPERATIVE OFFICE FOR CALL AND GUIDANCE UNDER SUPERVISION PRESIDENCY ISLAMIC RESEARCH OF IFTA AND PROPAGATION P.O. Box: (20824) RIYADH 11465 - TEL.4030251 FAX. &30142 Permission No. ll73lM On 22/2/t4ll H This book may not be reproduced without prior written permission from the office
  4. 4. PREF A C E PRAISE to "Allah 6Wn "who ordained be As Salaat (Prayer) an act of worship as on His servants, and may the utmost peaceand blessings of Allah(SWT) be u p o n H i s p r o p h et h o ta u g h tth e U mmah w (Muslim nation) how best to performthe prayer. I do not intendtowrite a longpreface, I but merelywish to makea briefexplanation of my re a s o n so r un d e rta ki n th i s w o rk.l t is f g natural that by virtue of its importance, many bookshave in the pastbeenwritten on the Sa/aatby different muslims in different parts of the world - may Allah 6WD reward them all for their efforts. A n d ,w h i l e a l a r gen u mb e ro f th e w o rksso f a r ca r r i e d o u t o n S a l a a h a ve g e n e rally t been well appreciated, is however no it s ec r e t a l s o t h a t ma n y b o o ks o n this subject suffer serious shortcomings
  5. 5. which notably may be summarised as follows: (1 ) Apparent lack of subject comprehensiveness mostbooks. in While, certainly, no single writer can comprehend subject aswide as Salaat, a but it is true that many books on this subjectonly make scantytouch on it. (2) The unfortunateexistencein many of the books of various matters such as recitations,supplicationsand even acts purported to be part of the prayer but which cannotbe correctlytraced having to been recited and/.or performed by the Pro p h e t ( P B U H )o r e ve n b y h i s ri g htly g u i d e dC a l i p h s(su cce sso rs). (3 )T h ea b s e n ce f a rra n g e me na n do r der o t in most bookswith regardto the various matters relatingto the prayer. (4) The virtual absencein most booksof 2
  6. 6. TRANSLITERATION o the various t supplicationswhich a person needs to recite in the course of the Prayer. Needlessto say, but, the importanceof transliteration the non-Arabic to speaking Mus lim sc a n n o tbe o ve r-e mp h a si se d . It is in view of the foregoing that the though t o f c o m p i l i n ga mo re a p p ro p ri a te treatiseon I lat arose to me and it is by the graceoI Allah 6Wf ) that it is now in o u r ha n d sa l t h o u g hI a m q u i te co n sci o us o f h o w u n e q u a lI a m to a su b j e ctsu ch a s this on e t o w h i c h a ma n o f mu ch g re a ter capab i l i t i e sh a n myse l f w a s re q u i re d .I t a m, h o w e v e r , u s ta i n e d yth e co n vi cti on s b that the readers will overlook mY shortcomings and treat them with indulgence. In compiling this treatise, lhave endea v o u r e t o t ou ch o ve r a l mo sta l l th e d
  7. 7. importantaspectsof the prayerand there is perhapsno other book which provides such an elaborateaccountof the subject a l t h o u g h ,a s me n ti o n e de a rl i e r,S alaat is ju s t s u c h a w i d e su b j e ctth a t e ve n this t re a t i s e i s s ti l l i n w a n t o f mu ch other in f o r m a t i o n n th e sa meb u t w h i ch ,Insha o - A l l a h , s h a l lb e ta ke ni n to a cco u n ti n the next reproduction. How far I have succeeded this work is in not for me to say but it is my sincerehope that it will, lrshaAllah,go a long way in f u l fi l l i n gt h e g a p sa n dsh o rtco mi n gfound s in other books written so lar on the subject. The book,howevercannotand, is not meant to be a substituteto the other works on the .g/aaf but rather c o m p l e m e n ti ve . a n w h i l e , n i s to er r Me ma and this work may not necessarily free be f rom errors whether tech n icaI, t y p o g r a p h i c a lr o th e rw i seH e n ce I m ake o . ,
  8. 8. a k in d a p p e a l t o a l l th o se w h o ma Y discoversomethingincorrectin this work to communicate the same to the p u b lis h e r s o r d u e co rre cti o n n th e n e xt f i r e -p rin t . C ompi l i n g s u c h a w o rk, d i d n o t o n l Y require my referenceto a wide range of b o o k s i n c l u d i n gt he H o l y Ou r'a n , H a d i th b o o k sa n d F i q h( j uri sp ru d e n ce )o o ksb u t b als o t o s e e k t h e h e l p o f o th e r l e a rn e d mu s lim b r e t h r e nan d i n th i s re g a rd ,my a p p re c i a t i o n o e s to S h e i kh H a mo u dM. g A l la h i m a n d b r o t he r b d a l l aK a rsh e o th A b o f Riya d h- m a y t h e A l mi g h tyA l l a h l e ss b t h e mf o r t h e i rc o n t i n u o uc o u n s e l l i na n d s g a d v ic e . Si m i l a r l y,th i s w o rk w o u l d n o t hav eb e e nc o m p l e te a di t n o t b e e nfo r th e h t ire less e f f o r t s o f b ro th e r Mu h a mme d AmeenCaveof the Co-operative ice for off Ca ll an d G u i d a n ce , i ya d hw h o n o t o n l y R did the system data entering but even h e lpe ds o m u c h i n th e f i n a l p ro o f-re a d i ng
  9. 9. - may Allah reward him for h i s s h a r eof contributionin this work. N AT H I F . AD A M J R I Y A D H2 1 s t M a y , 1 9 9 1 , In this Book the words (SWT) inserted after the name of Allah stand for ,,SUBHANAHU WA TA'ALA" WhiCh me a n s "T h e Gl o ri fi e d ,th e Mo st H igh"; while, the words (PBUH) inserted afterthe name of the Prophet standfor " pEACEBE U P O NH I M " . 6
  10. 10. AS-SALAAT (PRAYER) INTRODUCTION Salaat (PraYer) is one of the main obfigations which "Attah 6Wn" has ordainedon His servants. is the first act lt of worship decreedon the Muslim Nation (Ummah) bY "Allah 6Wn " and was ordained on the night of the Prophet's (PB U H l a s c e n s i o n th e se ve nh e a ve n s. to lt is t h e s e c o n do f th e fi ve p i l l a rso f l sl am after the proclamationof the "Shahada" (the words of witness)' I t is e n j o i n e d on th e Mu sl i ms a s an obfigatoryact by" Allah 6wff'as can be noted from the following verses of the H o l yO u r ' a n : ,'ESTABLISHREGULAR PRAYERSAT THE SUru'S DECLINE TILL THE DARKNESS OF THE NIGHT, AND THE '(Our'a MORNTNG PRAYER"""' n 17:781 I
  11. 11. In another verse "Allah 6Wn" says: ..AND ESTABLISH REGULAR PRAYERS AT THE TWO ENDS OF THE DAY AND AT THE APPROACHES OF THE NIGHT.'' ( O u r ' a n1 1 : 1 1 4 ! . T h e i m p o r t a n ceo f th e S a l a a t h a s also been explicitly expressed by Allah's Me s s e n g e r PB U H ), s ca n b e n o te dfr om ( a t h e f o l l o w i n gsa yi n g s: "What lies between a perfect man and disbelief is the leaving of prayer". (Related b y l m a m sA h m e d a n d M u s l i m ) Th e P r o p h e t P B U H ) l so sa i d : ( a "The obligation which separates us from them (the non-believers)is the prayer and he w h o r e n o u n ce s i t b e co me s a " disbeliever. (Relatedby lmams Ahmed and Muslim)
  12. 12. The abovequotedOur'aniccommandsby "Altah ,Swff'and the honouredsayings o f t he Pr o p h e ( PB U Hcl e a rl yi n d i ca te e t ) th imp o r t a n c e o f Sa l a a t su ch th a t i t i s unanimously agreed bY all Muslim s c hol a r s h a t r e n o u n ci n gt i s re g a rd e d n t i a a c t of d i s b e l i e ( Ku fr). f T HEV I R T U ES F P R A Y E R O Sala a t P r a y e r p erfo rme d e n u i n e l y i th ( ) g w h u mil i t ya n d s u b mi ssi o n " A l l a h(S Wf) " to h a s u n l i m i t e d i r tu e s n db e n e i ts.l t i s th e v a f n o b le s t x p r e s s io n f fa i th a n d th e su re st e o way of thanking "Allah 6wfyfor His unlim i t e d f a v o urs. l t i s th e w a y to obtaining Allah's mercy, generosity, k in d n e s s ,b l e s s in g sa n d a su re w a y to paradise."Allah (SWf)" says in the Holy Our'an: ''PROSPEROUS INDEED ARE THE BELIEVERSWHO ARE HUMBLE IN THEIR PRAYERS". (Our'an 23:1 -2l, 3
  13. 13. It is a deliverance on the Day of Judgementfor thosewho usedto observe it well. The Prophet(PBUH) says: "The first thing that the servant of "Allah (SWT)"will be calledto accounlfor on the Day of Judgementwill be the prayer;and if it was goodthe person'sdeedswill have been good,but if it was bad,the person's deeds will have been bad". (Reported by lmambhukari) Prayer purifiqp the soul, refines the c h a r a c t e r a n d i n cu l ca te s i n ma n the excellentvirtues of truthfulness,honesty and modesty. keepsone who performsit lt from falsehood and from all forbidden actions as is categorically confirmed by the following verse of the Holy Our,an: "...VERILY, PRAYER REFRAINSFROM INDECENCY AND EVIL..."(Our'an 29:45) 4
  14. 14. W UDH U( AB L U T ION ) Prio r to e n t e r i n g S a l a a t,th e p e rso n i s r e q u i r e d t o u n d e r t ak e a c e r t a i n purification procedure known as"Wudhu" wit h o u t w h i c h ,t h e p e rso n 's ra ye r o u l d p w not be acceptablein the sight of "Allah (S WT ) . "A l l a h , t h e A l mi g h tY sa Y s: , ,'O YE WHO BELIEVE. WHEN YE PREPARE FOR PRAYER, WASH YOUR FACES AND YOUR ARMS TO THE ELBOWS; RUB YOUR HEADS (WITH WATER); AND (WASH) YOUR FEET TO T H EA N K L E S . . . " u r ' a n5 : 6 ) (O A n d t h e P r o p h e t(P B U H ), i d : sa Prayer without ablution /s invalid". (Reportedby lmam Muslim)
  15. 15. C O N D I T I O N S OR T H E P E R F OR M ANCE F oF w U D H U ( A B L U T |ON ) Th e r e a r e v a ri o u sco n d i ti o n s q u i redto re be f u l f i l l e di n th e p e rfo rma n ce f Wudhu o wh i c h a r e a s fo l l o w s: 1. Ac c e p t a n ce f th e l sl a mi cF a i th . o 2. Sa n i t ya n d co n sci o u sn e ss. 3 . I n t e n t i o n( A n n i ya h ) p e rfo rmWudhu to as a n a c t o f wo rsh i p . 4. Purifying oneself from urine, exc r e m e n a n d a l l o th e rki n do f i mp u rities t be f o r ep e r f o r mi n g d h u . Wu 5 . E n s u r i n gt h e p u ri ty o f th e w a te r to be u s e df o r t h e Wu d h u 6. E n s u r i n gt ha t w a te r i s n o t p re vented f ro m r e a c h i n g e p a rtso f th e b o d yw hich th need to be washed in the performance of 6
  16. 16. the wudhu. 7 . Be i n g c o n s c i o u s a n d ke e P i n g th e Wudhuin mind. ES SE N T I AA C T SOF WU D H U L 1. Wa s h i n gt h e e n ti refa ce o n ce . 2 . W a s h i n ge a c ha r m o n c e . 3 . W i p i n gt h e e n t i r eh e a do n c e . 4. Wa s h i n gt h e f ee t u p to th e a n kl e s' 5 . En s u r i n gt h a t th e a b o ve 4 a cts a re perf or m e d n t h e g i ve n se q u e n ce . i 6. Performing the Wudhu acts cont in u o u s l ya n d w i th o u t u n n e ce ssar y l e t - u p su n t i l c o m P l e t i o n .
  17. 17. VOLUNTARY ACTS OF WUDHU Besides the above essential acts of Wudhu, there are alsosomevoluntarybut recommended acts in the Wudhu procedure.These are as follows: a. InvokingAllah (SWT)at the start of the Wudhu. b. Washingof both handsuptothe wrists. c . R i n s i n gt h e mo u n thw i th w a te r. d. Sniffing of water in and out of the nostrils. e. Passingof water outsideand insideof t h e e a r l o b e s. H O W T H EW U D H UI S P E R F O R M E D The essential and voluntary acts discussedaboveshall now be integrated to demonstratehow the prophet(PBUH) 8
  18. 18. used to performWudhu: 1 . Ma k i n gt h e i n t e n ti o n p e rfo rmWu d h u to as an act of sincerehomageand worship for the pleasure of Allah 6Wn' The intentionneednot be utteredbut it should be k ep t i n m i n d d u ri n g th e th e Wu d h u ' 2. fnvokin Atlah (SWT)at the start of the g W udh u b Y s a Yi n g: '' ISM ILLAHI -R -RAHM AN I -R-RAHIIM ". - B (ln t h e n a m e o f A l l a h , Mo st Gra ci o us' Most Merciful). 3. Wa s h i n gt h e ha n d su p toth e w ri sts for t hree t i m e s , w hi l e ru b b i n g th e m a n d letting the water reach between the fingers. 4 . Rin s i n gt h e m o u th w i th w a te r th ri ce' preferably using the "Miswak" (tooth stick),tooth brush, or f ingersto brushthe t eet h a n d t h e g u m. R e g a rd i n g the 9
  19. 19. importanceof the Miswak, the prophet ( P B U Hs a i d : ) "lf it had not been too great a burden on my Ummah, I would have ordered them to use the "Miswak', at every Wudhu.,, (R e p o r t e d y l ma m Ma fi k) b 5 . C l e a n i n g he n o stri l sb y sn i ffi n gwater t in a n d o u t f o r th re e ti me s. 6 . W a s h i n g t h e e n ti re fa ce th ri ce using both hands from the top of the forehead down to the bottom of the chin and from ear to ear. 7. W a s h i n gt h e a rmsth re eti me s u p to the up p e r e n d o f th e e l b o w s;ri g h t a rm fir st, a n d t h e n , t h e l e ft a rm. A rms sh o u ld be rL O b e O h i l e th e y a re b e i n gw a sh e d. w 8 . W e t t i n g b oth h a n d s a n d p a ssi n g the same over the head starting from above t h e f o r e h e a d o w nto th e n a p e(th eb a ck d of l0
  20. 20. t h e n e c k )a n d f r o m th e re , re tu rn i n gb o th h ands u p t o a b o v eth e fo re h e a d . 9 . Fro m t h e h e a d , w i th o u t w e tti n g th e h ands a g a i n , t he P e rso n w i P e s th e e a rlob e su s i n gt h e fo re fi n g e rs w i p eth e , to i n n e r p a r t o f t h e l o b e sa n d th e th u mb sfo r th e ou t s i d ep a r t . 1 0 . Wa s h i n gb o t h fe e t u p toth e a n kl e s r fo three times or more if necessarY, b e g in n i n gw i t h t he ri g h t fo o t a n d th e n wit h th e l e f t f o o t. B o th fe e t sh o u l d b e r u b b e dw h i l e t h e y a re b e i n gw a sh e da n d wat er s h o u l d f r ee l y p a ss b e tw e e n th e toes . I M P O R T A NP O I N T S N W U D H U T O a . M u c h v i r t u e i s a t t a c h e dt o W u d h u whic h i s p r o p e rl yp e rfo rme da s ca n be not ed f r o m t h e fo l l o w i n g sa yi n g o f th e P r o p h e( P B U H ) : t 1l
  21. 21. "A person who performs Wudhu properly will have his sins removed from hisbody, so much that the sins are removed even from underneath his nails,,. (Reportedby lmamMuslim) b . H a v i n g c o mp l e te d th e Wu d h u , the person may recite the "SHAHADA',,i.e. the words of witness and the supplication f o r c o n c l u d i ng e Wu d h u a s fo l l o ws: th .,ASH-HADU ANLAA ILAHA ILLA-LAAHU WA ASH-HADU ANNA MIJHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUHU...- ALLAHUMMA IJ'ALNII M INAT.AWABIIN WA IJ'ALNII MINA.L MUTADAHIRIIN... wh i c h m e a n s "l bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and messenger...OLord, make me among those who return to you in repentanceand of those who are undefited.,' t2
  22. 22. Rega r d i n g t h e vi rtu e o f th e a b o ve s u p p l i c a t i o nt,h e l e a d e r o f th e fa i th ful, Uma r l b n - u l Kh a tta b (ma y A l l a h b e pleased with him) reportedthe Prophet (P BU H ) s s a Yi n g : a "tf anyone Performs the Wudhu completely and then saYs": " 'l testify that there is no god but Allah alone, He hasno partner; and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger', the eight gates of Paradise wilt be opened for him and may enter by whichever of the gates he wishes"" ( R e l a t e d Yl m a m M u s l i m ) . b c. When Performing Wudhu, it is recommended to let the water reach beyond the area required to be washed (e . g . , h e n w a sh i n gth e a rms th e p e rs on w may wash beyondthe elbows or beyond t he a n k l e sw h e n w a sh i n gth e fe e t)'Great v irt u e h a s b e e n a tta ch e dto th i s fa ct, as l3
  23. 23. can be notedfrom the followingsayingof t h e Pr o p h e t pB U H ): ( "My nation (tJmmah) will be called (distinguised) on the Day of Judgement as a people with bright faces and limbs from the effect of their Wudhu practices. Therefore, anyone of you who wishes to increase his brightness may do so (by washing beyond the required areaswhen performing W"udhu).,. (Reported by lmams Bukhari and Muslim) d. The person is required to avoid use of water more than what is necessary. e . M u c h i m p o rta n ce h a s b e e n a tta ched t o t h e p e r f o r m a n ceo f tw o ra ka a tsa fter performin Wudhuas can be notedfrom the g f o l l o w i n g c o n v e r s a t i o nb e t w e e n t h e Prophet (PBUH) and Bilat, the first Mua d h i n( m a yA l l a h b e p l e a se d i th h im ) : w t4
  24. 24. "O Bilal! tell me which of your acts is most meritorious since ioining lslam, f or I heard the sound of your shoesin Paradiseahead of me? Bilal replied: I do not have any action more me rito r i o u s t h a n th a t w h e n e ve r I performed Wudhu (purification) during the day or night, I each time offered a prayer as much as Allah has destined for me" . ( R e p o r t e d y l ma ms B u kh a ri a nd b Muslim) WIPING OVER THE SOCKS a. lf someone's"Wudhu", gets nullified, t hen , w h e n p e rfo rmi n g a su b se q u ent Wu d h u , i t i s a ll o w e d to w i P e o ve r the s oc k sw i t h w e t h a n d s,i n ste a d f w a sh i ng o bot hf e e t o n c o n d i ti o n a t th e so cks e r e th w put o n a f t e r w a sh i n gth e fe e t i n th e fi r st W u d h u o r b e f o r e h e s a m ei s n u l l i f i e d . t b . A t r a v e l l e rm a y a v a i l h i m s e l fo f t h i s l5
  25. 25. privilege continuously for three consecutivedays and nights (72 hours), but a residentmay do so for only one day and one night continuously(24 hours). HO WW I PI N G E R H ES OC K S D ONE OV T IS Wiping is done accordingto the tradition of the Prophet(PBUH), follows: as After removingthe shoes,wet hands are passed only over the upper surface of sockswithout the needto wipe the bottom parts. WH E N T H EW I PIN GP R IV IL E GE E A SES C T h e w i p i n g p r i vi l e g eb e co me si n va l i din the eventthat one or moreof the following casesoccur: 1. W h e n t h e m a xi mu m mi n g sa l l o w e d ti as dis c u s s e d a r l ie rl a p se . e 16
  26. 26. 2. The moment the socksare removed. 3 . Wh e n a n y o f th e ca se s re q u l rl n g "G hus l " o c c u r . MA TT E R S W H I C H IN V A L ID A T E T H E WUDHU The person will remain in a state of Wu d h u u n t i l a n y of th e fo l l o w i n gma tte r s is committed: 1 . Pass i n go f e x cre me n t, ri n e o r w i n d' u When s o m e o n e p a sse s u ri n e a n d /o r excrement, it becomes mandatoryupon such a personto removethe foulnessof thes e t h i n g s b e f o re p e rfo rmi n gWu d h u. Pu re w a t e r s h ou l d b e u se d fo r th i s p u rp o s e ,b u t i n c a se , i t i s n o t a va i l a ble after earnestsearchfor it, the personmay resort to the use of certain dry objects, such as stones, dry woods and tissue p a p e rt o r e m o v e e f i l th .T h i s i s kn o w nas th "lstijmaar" . Odd numbersof the objectto 17
  27. 27. be used is preferred, such as 3, S, etc.The person should ensure that no drops of ur i n e o r s t a i n s o f fo u l n e ss a re l eft on his,/herbody or clothes. However,in the case of personsafflicted wi t h p e r m a n e n t w e tti n g o r p e rmanent p a s s i n go f w i n d , o r o f w o me n w h o ar e sufferingfrom prolongedflows of blood, s u c h p e r s o n s a re re q u i re d to p e r for m Wudhu only once beforethe start of each pr a y e r a n d t he i r Wu d h u w o u l d re main v a l i d e v e n i f th e a b o ve p ro b l e ms m ay o c c u r l a t e r i n th e co u rseo f th e p ra yer . 2. E a t i n go f c ame l 'sme a t. 3 . Sl e e p i n gi n w h i ch th e p e rso n l o sses c o n s c i o u s n ess. 4. L o s s o f c o n sci o u sn e ss su l ti n gfr om re insa n i t y , a i n ti n g ,e tc. f l8
  28. 28. 5. Touching of the sexual organs i n t e n t i o n a l l yd i r e ctl ya n d u n cl o th e d . , 6. After washing a dead person(corpse)' 7 . R e n o u n c i n o f l s l a m i cF a i t h . g GHUSL (TOTALBATH) Ghusl in lslam means the bathing of the entire body with water. Proof of fts tegitimacy is embodiedinthe Holy Aur'an as follows: ,'....AND IF YE ARE IN A STATE OF CEREMONIALIMPURITY, BATHE YOUR WHO L EB O D Y . . .."(Ou r'a n5 :6 ) OCCASIONS WHEN GHUSL IS REO U I R ED AN OB L IGA T ORA C T AS Y G husl i s r e q u i r eda s a n o b l i g a to ry ct i n a l9
  29. 29. the following cases: 1. After the discharge semenas a result of of stimulation whether awake or asleep (i.e.in a wet dream). Thisstateis known in Arabic as"JUNUB".lf , alter the dream no wetness is traced in one's clothing, bathingis not obligatory.However, case in wetness is found but without recalling any dream, performing Ghusl is obligatory. 2. After sexual intercourse(or the mere coming together of the two organs of a ma n a n d a w o ma n , e ve n th o u g h ther e ma y b e n o a c tu a le j a cu l a ti o np e rfo rm ing ) G h u s l i s r e q u i re d . 3. Followinga period of menstruation, a wo m a n i s r e q u i re dto p e rfo rmGh u s l. 4. At the end of 40 daysafter childbirth,a wo m a n i s r e q u i re d p e rfo rmGh u sl. to 20
  30. 30. 5. When a disbelievernewly embraces f s lam , s u c h a p e rso n i s re q u i re d to p e rf o r mG h u s l . 6 . W h e n a M u s l i md i e s ,G h u s li s r e q u i r e d for him/her. O C C A S I O N SF O R W H I C H G H U S L I S PREFERRED G hus l i s r e c o m m e n d e dn th e fo l l o w i ng i cases: 1 . B e f o r e g o i ng to Ju ma 'h (F ri day Cong r e g a t i o n a ye r). I Pra 2 . B e f o r e g o i n g to E i d P ra ye rs(Mu sl i m annu a lf e a s t p r a ye rs). 3. Before undertaking Umrah or Hajj ( P i l g r i m a gte M a k k a h ) . o 4. Up o n w a s h i n ga co rp se . cco rd i n g (A to manys c h o l a r st,he p e rfo rma n ce f Gh u s l o 2l
  31. 31. is preferredfor a person who washes a corpse). E S S E N T I AR E O U I R E M E N T S G H U S L L OF T h e r e a r e t w o e sse n ti a l re q u i re m ents which need to be f ulfilledfor Ghuslto be valid. These are as follows: 1. In t e n t i o n o p e rfo rm u sli s n e ce ssar y t Gh bec a u s ei t i s th e d i vi d i n g l i n e b e tween a c t s p e r f o r m eda s a me re cu sto m and deeds which are rewardable acts of wo r s h i p .H o w e ve r, e i n te n ti o n s o n lyby th i heart and need not be uttered. 2 . T h e e n t i r e b o d y sh o u l d b e w a shed. Wa t e r s h o u l d r e a cha n d fl o w fre e l yover every part of the body. H O W G H U S LI S P E R F O R M E D Besides the above two essential r e q u i r e m e n t s ,t h e r e a r e a l s o o t h e r 22
  32. 32. v olu n t a r ya c t s r e co mme n d e d r Gh u s l. fo Both the essentialand the voluntaryacts are now integrated herebelow to d e mo n s t r a t eh o w th e P ro p h e t (P B UH) us edt o p e r f o r mth e Gh u sl . a. I nte n db y h e a rtto p e rfo rmGh u sl . b . Wa s h b o t h h an d s u p to th e w ri sts for t h r e et i m e s . c . Wa s h t h e s e x o rg a n sp ro p e rl y. d . P e r f o r m u d h ua s u s u a l ( i n h e m a n n e r W t a l r e a d y d i s c u s s e d )e x c e p t , t h a t t h e wa s h i n go f t h e f e e tw o u l db e d e l a ye d n til u la t e r w h e n a l l th e re st o f th e b o d y is bathed. e . P o u r w a t e r o ve r th e h e a d th re e ti mes, massaging he hair to allow water to t re a c h i t s r o o t s . f . Pou rw a t e r l i b e ra l l y ve rth e e n ti reb o dy, o 23
  33. 33. b e g i n n i n g i t h th e ri g h tsi d ea n dth e n ,the w left side ensuringthat no part of the body is untouched by water such as the a rm p i t s , i n s i d e th e e a rl o b e s,i n si d e the navel, between the fingers and toes, etc. g . F i n a l l y m o vea l i ttl efu rth e rfro mw her e , you were and wash your feet, beginning with your right foot and then, the left. Notes: 1 . A w o m a n w i l l p e r f o r mG h u s lj u s t a s a man does, except,that if she has plaited h a i r ,s h e n e e dno t u n d oi t. S h eo n l yn eeds to throw three handfuls of water over her hea d . 2. T h e p e r s o n ma y a fte r co mp l e ti n g the Ghusl recite the supplication for c on c l u d i n g h u slw h i ch sh o u l db e re cited G outs i d et h e t o i le t,/b a th ro o mn d w h i c h is a the same as the one recited after c o m p l e t i n n On r;O *u
  34. 34. A CT S F O R B I D D E N O P E R S ON S T WH O A RE R E O U I R E D O P E R F OR M U S L T GH Persons requiring to perform Ghusl are forbiddento undertake certainacts.These are as follows: 1. Any type of prayerwhether obligatory or v o l u n t a r y . 2. Circumambulating the Ka'abah (Tawaf). 3 . To u c h i n go r ca rryi n gth e H o l y Ou r'a n. However, the prohibition doesnot applyto ot he r b o o k s wh i ch co n ta i n Ou r'a nic pas sa g e s u c h a s co mme n ta ri e s f the s o Holy Our'an or works of lslamic ju risp r u d e n c e . 4 . ' R e c i t i n gh e H o l yO u r ' a n . t 5 . Sta y i n gi n s i deth e Mo sq u e . 25
  35. 35. ME N S T R U AT ION A ID H } (H This refers to the periodicaldischargeof b lo o d b y w o me n i n th e i r sta te o f h ealth and i s e a s i l y di sti n g u i sh a b l e w o m en to f ro m p o s t - c h i l d b i rth l e e d i n g . b P O S T - C H t L D B t RB L E E D T N(G t F A S ) TH N S u c h b l e e d i n gu su a l l yo ccu rsto w o men af t e r c h i l d b i r t h n d ma y co n ti n u e i thout a w f ix e d d u r a t i o n ,a l th o u g h i n so me ca ses, t h e r e m a y n ot o ccu r b l e e d i n g a t all. However, the strengthof the teachings on of the Prophet (PBUH), a woman e x p e r i e n c i n g st-ch i l d b i rthl e e d i n g po b has a m a x i m u mc on fi n e me n t e ri o do f a bout p forty (4O) daysafter which, she is required t o m a k eG h u s l a n dco mme n ce e r l sl am ic h duties. lf, however, the blood does not ceaseafter 40 days,most scholarsare of the opinion that the woman should c on t i n u ew i t h he r re g u l a rl sl a mi cd u ties.
  36. 36. ACTS FORBIDDEN TO WOMEN EX PE R I EN C I N G N S T R U A T ION N D ME A PO S T - C H I L D B IR T H E E D IN G BL 1. A ll a c t s m e nti o n e dh e re i n b e fo rea s , f o rb id d e n o p e r so n sre q u i ri n gGh u sla re t als o p r o h i b i t e dto w o me n e xp e ri e n cing menstruation and post-childbirth bleeding. 2. A w o m a n c a n n o t e n g a g ei n a se xu al in t e rc o u r s e . T h e c o m p a n i o ns f th e P ro p h e t(P B U H) , o asked him about this and "Allah (SWT)" rev ea l e d h e f o l l o w i n gOu r'a n i cve rse : t ''THEY ASK THEE CONCERNING WOMEN'S COU,9SES. Y: THEYARE A S/ HURT AND A POLLUTION..SO KEEP AWAY FROM WOMEN IN THEIR COURSES,AND DO NOT APPROACH THEM UNTIL THEY ARE CLEAN......'' (O u r' a n2 : 2 2 2 1 27
  37. 37. However,all scholarsare of the opinion t ha t a h u s b a n dma y to u ch a n y p a rt o f his wife's bodyabovethe naveland/ or below the knees. This fact, is based on the confirmations the Prophet's of wives,that wh e n t h e P r o p h e t(P B U H ) i sh e d ro be w wit h t h e m d uri n g th e i r p e ri o d s, they wo u l d p u t s o m e th i n go ve r th e i r p ri vate parts. AT-TAYAMMUM(ABLUTION USINGTHE EARTH) "At-Tayammum" is a means of usingthe s oi lt o w i p e o n e'sfa cea n d h a n d sw i th the intentionof preparingoneselfto perform prayer.Proofof its legitimacyis found in t h e H o l y O u r ' an a s fo l l o w s: ,"...^ND IF YE ARE ILL. OR ON A JOURNEY, OR ONE OF YOU COMETH FROM OFFICES OF NATURE. OR YE HAVE BEENIN CONTACTWITH WOMEN. AND YE FIND NO WATER. THEN TAKE 28
  38. 38. FOR YOURSELVES CLEAN SAND OR EARTH, AND RUB THEREWITH YOUR FACES AND HANDS, FOR ALLAH DOES BLOT OUT SINSAND FORGIVES AGAIN AND AGAIN." (Our'an4:431 T h e P r o p h e t P B U H ), l so sa i d : ( a "All of the earth has been made a pure place of prayer for me and my "Ummah" ( Na t io n ) .W h e n e ve r a p e rso n fro m my nat io n w a n t s t o p ra y, h e h a s so me th i ng wit h w h i c h t o p u ri fy h i mse l f...th aits th e e a rt h ". ( R e p o r t ed y l ma m A h ma n d ) b INSTANCES WHEN AT-TAYAMMUM IS PE RM I T T ED At-Tayammum is permitted only on specificinstancesas follows: 1. Where the personcannotf ind water or t h e am o u n t o f w ate r i s n o t su ffi ci e n t r fo Wudhu. However,beforeperformingAT- 29
  39. 39. Tayammum, the personis required look to for water earnestly from any possible source. 2 . W h e n a p e rso n i s i n j u re d o r i l l and believes that the use of water will worsen h i s , / h e r o n di ti o nth e n ,A t-T a ya mm um c , is allowed. 3 . W h e n w a t e r i s to o co l dsu chth a t i t m ay ha r m t h e pe rso n , A T -T a ya mmum is all o w e di f t h e u se r ca n n o tfi n d me ansof he a t i n gt h e w a te r. 4. W h e n w a t er i s n e a rb y, u tth e p e rsonis b not able to fetch it due to fear for his,/her lif e , f a m i l y an d w e a l th , (e .g .fro m an e n e m y e i t h er b e a st o r h u ma n i n the v ic i n i t y ) t h e n, A t-T a ya mmu m ma y be performed. 5. W h e n t h e re i s n o t e n o u g hw a te r and on e i s f o r c e dto sa vew h a t i s a va i l a ble for drinking and/or cooking, then, At- 30
  40. 40. Ta y a m m u mi s a l l o w e d . THE E A R T H S O T L IT O E U S E DF ORA T - ( B TAYAMMUM T h is s h o u l db e p u re e a rtho r so i l a n d ca n be sand, stone or gypsumwhich produce d us t wh e n h i t w i t h th e h a n d s. HOW TO PERFORMAT-TAYAMMUM 1 . Th e p e r s o ns h o u l dfi rst i n te n db y h e a rt t o perfo r mAt - T a ya mmu m. 2 . T h e p e r s o nt h e n stri keth e so i l w i th th e p alms o f b o t h h a nd s. 3 . Th e p e r s o nt h e n w i p e s th e fa ce u si n g bothpalms. 4 . Th e r e a f t e r , h e p e rso n u se s th e l e ft t palm to w i p e o v er th e b a ck o f th e ri g h t h a n d u p t o t h e w r i st, a n d th e n , u se s th e r ight p a l mt o w i p e o ve rth e b a cko f th e l e ft 3t
  41. 41. hand upto the wrist. Notes: 1 . l f a n y d u s t cl i n g s to th e h a n d s upon striking the earth, it should be blown out first beforewiping the face and the hands to avoid the dust. 2. Only one strikeon the earth is sufficient for wiping both the face and hands. 3. For persons who are required to p e r f o r m G h u sl , b u t a re u n a b l e to find water,then, At-Tayammumas discussed would suffice. MATTERS WHICH NULLIFY AT- TAYAMMUM P u r i f i c a t i o nby A t-T a ya mmu m h a s the s a m e v a l i d ity a s Wu d h u a n d Ghusl performed with water, but becomes invalidated the following cases: in 32
  42. 42. 1 . A l l a c t i o n sa n d c o n d i t i o n sh a t n u l l i f y t Wu d h u a l s o n u l l i fyA t-T a ya mmu m. 2. lf after performing At-Tayammum, wa t e r i s f o u n d f or Wu d h u o r Gh u sl . THE TIMINGS OF THE OELIGATORY PRAYERS lslam has prescribed specified time limits for each obligatoryprayer as can be noted from the following verse of the Holy Aur'an: "Prayer is enjoined on believers at stated t ime s "( O u r ' a n :1 0 3 ) 4 And i n a n a u t h e n ti cp ro p h e ti c yi n gi t is sa c onf i r m e dt h a t so me o n eo n ce a ske dthe prop h e t( P B U H ) b o u t th e b e st a cti o n in a the sight ol Allah 6WD and the prophet re p lie d : 33
  43. 43. " Off ering prayer at its prescribed t ime . . . . . . . "( R e p o rtey l ma m B u kh a ri ) bd T h u s ,t h e a r r i v a lo f th e ti me fo r p ra ye ri s a f und a m e n t a lc o n d i ti o nfo r p e rfo rmi ngit and i f , t h e r e f o re a p ra ye ri s i n te n ti o nally , performedbefore or after its designated t ime i t s h a l ln o t b e a cce p ta b l i n th e si ght e of Atlah 6Wn. However, Personswho ma y f o r g e t( w i th o u ti n te n ti o n )to e rfor m p any o f t h e o b li g a to ryp ra ye rsw i th i n its ord a i n e dt i m e o r w h o a re o ve rta ke nby s lee p ,t h e n s u ch p e rso n s o u l dp e rfor m sh t h e p r a y e ra s s o o n a s th e y re me mb erit and / o r a s s o o na sth e yw a ke u p f ro mtheir s lee p . We s h a l l n o w e n u me ra teth e d i ffe r ent t imi n g s o f t h e fi ve o b l i g a to ry ra ye rs: p - 1. F A J R( D a w n )P R A Y E R l ts ti me b e gins a t d a w n w h e n m o rn i n gl i g h tf i rsta p p ear s i n t h e h o r i z o n n dc o n t i n u e s n t i l t h es u n a u ris e s .
  44. 44. 2. DHUHR (Nonn) PRAYER- lts time begin sw h e n t h e su n re a ch e si ts h i g h est poin t i n t h e s k y a n d co n ti n u e su p to the time of Asr Prayer. 3. AS R ( Af t e r no o n ) R A Y E R- l ts ti m e P begin sw h e n t h e sh a d o w o f a n o b j e ctis equa lt o i t s o w n l e n g th , l u sth e l e n g thof p it s n o o n t i m es h a d o wa n d co n ti n u e s n til u s unse t . 4. MAGHRI8 (Sunset)PRAYER tts time - s t a r t s r o m s u n s e t n dc o n t i n u e s n t i l t h e f a u e n d o f t w i l i g h t . T w i l i g h t i s th e re d n e ss whic h r e m a i n s n th e h o ri zo n fte rsu n set. i a - 5 . I S H A( Ev e n i n gP R A Y E R l tsti mesta rts ) wh e n t h e t w i l i gh t d i sa p p e a rs n d a c o n t i n u e su p t o m i d - n i g h t .M i d - n i g h ti n this case may not necessarily be in t e r p r e t e t o m e a n1 2 :OO 'cl o ck u t may d o b be c o n s t r u e da s th e mi d -ti me b e tw e en 35
  45. 45. s u n s e t a n d t he a p p e a ra n ce f th e o dawn. ADHAAN (CALLTO PRAYER) The "Adhaan" is a call to inform othersin specif words that the time lor a ic pa r t i c u l a r r a ye rh a s b e g u n .l t i s a call to p t he c o n g r e g ati o n n d i s a n e xp re ssion a of t he l s l a m i c r a cti cel.t i s re q u i re d s a n act p a f or a l l t h e O b l i g a to ry ra ye rs. P T H E VI R T U ES A D H A A N OF T h e g r e a t n e ss f th e vi rtu e w h i ch l s lam o a t t a c h e st o t h e " A d h a a n " a n d th e one who performs it i.e. the "Muadhin", can b e n o t e d f r o m th e fo l l o w i n gve rseo f the H o l yO u r ' a n : 36
  46. 46. "WHO IS BETTERIN SPEECH THAN ONE WHO CALLS (THE PEOPLE) TO ALLAH AND WORKS RIGHTEOUSIVESS.,, ( O u r ' a n 1: 3 3 ) 4 T h e m o t h e r o f t he fa i th fu l , A i sh a (ma y A lla h b e p l e a s e d th h e r)co n fi rme d a t wi th t his v e r s e c o n c e rn s a n d re fe rs to th e Mu a d h i n a n d w a s re ve a l e d n n o o th er o re a s o nt h a n f o r t he Mu a d h i n . A n d , fr o m t h e p r o p h e ti ctra d i ti o n s, b u A Hurairah reported that the Prophet ( P B U H )s a i d : , "lf the people knew the reward in the Adhaan and the f irst row of the prayer and that they could not get it (the reward)save by drawing lots, they would draw |ots....." ( N a r r a t e db y l m a m B u k h a r i ) And, in another saYing the ProPhet (PBUH), aid: s l7
  47. 47. "The "Muadhins" will on the Day of Judgement have the longest necks (re f l e c t i n gt h ei r e xcl u si vee mi n e n c e) ". (R e p o r t e d y lma m Mu sl i m) b HOW T H EA D H A A N IS P E R F OR MED Pr e f e r a b l yt,h ere sh o u l db e a n a p p o inted Mu a d h i na t e a chMo sq u e h o w i l l ca llthe w people to prayer when the time of a pa r t i c u l a r r a ye ri s d u e .l n p e rfg rmi ng p the Adhaan, the Muadhrn would stand facing the directionof the "Aibbh" (the sacred mo s q u ei n M a kka h ). e w o u l d th e n raise H bo t h h a n d su ptoh i s e a rsa n d sa y i n a loud v o i c et h e f o l l o w i n gw o rd s: 1. ALLAHU AKBAR Allah r's the greatest.(to repeated4 times) be 2. ASH-HADU ANLA ILAHA ILLALLAAH- I testify that there is no god but Altah. (to be r e p e a t e d ti me s) 2
  48. 48. 3. ASH.HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAN RASUULULLAAH - ltestifythat Muhammad is Allah's messenger. (to be repeated2 times) 4. HAYYA'ALAS SALAAT - Come fast to prayer. (to be repeated 2 times). The Muadhin, when reciting this turns the f ac e s l i g h t l yt o t he ri g h t si d e . 5. HAYYA'ALAL FALAAH - Come fast to success. (to be repeated 2 times). The Muadhin, when reciting this turns the f a c e s l i g h t l yt o t he l e ft si d e . 6. ALLAHU AKBAR - Allah is the greatest. (t o be r e p e a t e d ti me s) 2 7. LAA ILAHA ILLALLAAH - There is no god but Allah. (to be recitedonce) No t e : l n t h e Ad ha a n ,fo r e F a j r (D a w n) th pray e r ,t h e f o l l o w i n g w o rd s a re re ci ted t wic e a f t e r H a y y a 'a l aF a l a a h : l 39
  49. 49. "ASSALATU KHEIRUM MINA NAWM''. (to be recited two times)whichmeans- for "Salaat is better than sleep". WH A T S O M E ON ES U P P L IC A T EU PON S HE AR I N G H E A D H A A N T It is preferredpractice that when a person hears the Adhaan, he should repeatthe wo r d s t h e Mu a d h i n ca l l s o u t, e xcept, wh e n h e s a y s " H a a ya a l a l S a l a a t and H a y y aa l a l F a l a a h " , h e l i s t e n e r s h o u l d t insteadsay: "LA HOWLA WALA AUWATA ILA BILLAH", which means - "There is no power and strength exceptby Allah". 40
  50. 50. THE SUPPLICATION AFTER THE ADHAAN Upon the completionof the Adhaan, it is recommendedthat the listener recites t he f o l l o w i n gs u pp l i ca ti o n : ''ALL AH U M M A R A B B A H A D H IH ID DA'WATI - TAMMAH. WASALATIL AA'IMAH. ATI MUHAMMADANAL WASILATA WAL FADHILATA, WAA B ' AT H U H U MA A A MU M MA H . MUDA N - A L L A D H II WA 'A D T A H U ". whic h m e a n s- "O Allah, Lord of this complete call and of the prayer to be held, grant Muhammad the most favoured and excellent position in the Paradiseand raise him to the praise worthy place that You have promised him". I t is h i g h l y r e c omme n d e d re ci te the to above s u p p l i c a ti o n t th e e n d o f e ve ry a 4l
  51. 51. Adhaan and in this regard the Prophet ( P B U Hs a i d : ) "....it becomes obligatory upon me to intercede for him (person reciting the supplication) on the Day of Judgement". (R e p o r t e d y l ma m B u kh a ri ) b ToAMAH(SECONDCALL TO PRAYER) "lqamah" is the secondcall to the prayer a n d i s s a i d i n si d eth e Mo sq u ea t th e s tar t o f t h e c o n g r e g a ti o n ap ra ye r.l t g o es as l follows: l. ALLAHUAKBAR (repeated two times) 2. ASH-HADU ANLA ILLAHA ILA LAAH. (on c e ) 3. ASH-HADU ANNA MUHAMMADAR RASULUL-LAAH.(once) 4. HAYYAALAS-SALAAL (once) 42
  52. 52. (once) 5. HAYYAALAL-FALAAH. 6. AAD AAMATIS-SALAAT. (rePeated two times) 7. ALLAHUAKBAR.(repeated two times) 8. LAA ILAAHA ILA-LAAH. (once) Notes: a . lt is r e c o m m e n d e d a t a b ri e f ti me th gappi n g b e m ai n ta i n e d b e tw e e n th e " A d h a a n "a n d t h e " l q a m a h "t o a l l o wt h e c ongr e g a t i o no ge t re a d yfo r th e sa l a a t. t b . lt i s p r e f e r r e dth a t th e " l q a ma h " i s p e r f o r m e d y t h e s a m ep e r s o n M u a d h i n ) b ( who p e r f o r m e d he " A d h a a n " . t c . lt i s d i s l i k e dfo r a n yo n eto l e a veth e mo s q u e o n c e t h e " A d h a a n " i s ma d e, u n less f o r u r g e n t re a so n (s) u t w i th a b det er m i n a t i o no re tu rnfo r th e p ra ye r. t 43
  53. 53. d. lt is prohibited offervoluntaryprayers to aft e r l q a m a h h a s b e e n ca l l e d o u t. The Pr o p h e t P B U H ) ys: ( sa "When lqamah is called out, no prayer is permissible except the obligatory one". (R e p o r t e d y l ma m Mu sl i m) b e. l f a p e r s o n mi sse s a p ra ye r d ue to o v e r s l e e p i n go r fo r g e t f l n e s s , t h e n , u before starting the missed prayer the pe r s o ni s r e qu i re dto co me u p w i th both A d h a a n a n d l q a ma h , However,if a personmissesa number of pra y e r s ,i t i s pre fe rre d a t h e co mes up th w i t h o n l yo n e " A d h a a n "f o r a l l t h em i s s e d p ra y e r s , u t t o co me u p w i th a se p ar ate b " l q a m a h "f o r e a c hs a l a a t . t. Where a person misses the c on g r e g a t i o na p ra ye r a t th e mo sque, l s uc ha p e r s o n, e fo re rti n g p ra yis at b sta to lib e r t y t o e i t h e r p e rfo rm o r o mi t the M
  54. 54. A d h a a n a n d t h e l q a ma h .H o w e ve r,i f he decides to Perform the Adhaan, it is preferredthat he does it in a low voiceso as not to attract the attention of others out si d e . g. lt is not obligatory women to perform on t he A d h a a na n d l q a ma hb u t i f th e yw i shto perfo r mt h e s a m e th e re i s n o h a rm. PE R F O R M AN COF T H E S A I A A T E After introducing the salaat and d is cu s s i n g i t s p re -re q u i si te s, e shall w now t u r n t o ma tte rs p e rta i n i n gto its ac t u a lp e r f o r m a n ce . CONDITIONS FOR THE PRAYER (SH U R U U D - L -S A IA T ) Th e r e a r e a n u mb e ro f co n d i ti o n s h ich w n e e d t o b e f u l fi l l e dfo r th e p ra ye rto be v a l i d .T h e s ea r e a s f o l l o w s : 45
  55. 55. 1. A c c e p t a n ce o f l sl a mi c F a i th d is b e l i e v e r a r e n o t re q u i re d e sta b lish s to Safaat until they believein "Attah6WD" and b e a rw i t n e s sth a t th e re i s n o g o d but Alla h a n d b e a rwi tn e ssth a t Mu h a mm ad is Hi s s e r v a n ta n d me sse n g e r. 2. Anniyah - this in Arabic means the intention by heart to perform the p a rt i c u l a r r a y e r. p - 3. Cleanliness this includescleanliness o f t h e b o d y , t h e cl o th e s a n d th e p l ace where the prayer is to be performed. 4. Purification - this refers to the performance Wudhu(or Ghuslwhere it of is re q u i r e d ) p ri o r to u n d e rta ki n gthe praye r . 5. Concealing of the Private parts - for a ma n , i t i s e s s e nti a th a t h e b e co ve re d l at leastf r o m t h e n a ve l toth e kn e e sa l l ro u nd, wh ile , i n t h e c a seo f a w o ma n , h e r b o dy 46
  56. 56. should be totally coveredexceptfor the f a c e a n d w r i s t s. 6. Facingthe "Aiblah" - this meansthat a person when prayingmust face towards t h e d i r e c t i o n o f th e sa cre d mo sq u e in "Makkah". Where a personis not able to lo c a t e t h e d i r ecti o nb y h i mse l f/h e rself, the person may ask another personwho may know the direction of the Aibbh. Ho w e v e r , f n o o n e i s i n si g h tto g u i d eto i t h e r i g h t d i r ecti o n , th e n , th e p e rson s ho u l d d e c i d e fo r h i mse l f,/h e rse land f make the best guess of the correct direction of the Aiblah, and accordingly, p e r f o r mt h e p r aye ri n th a t d i re cti o n ven e t ho u g h t h e g u e ss ma yb e i n co rre ct. The prayer performed would still be a c c e p t a b l e l n s h a A l l a h ) i n vi e w o f the ( f o llo w i n gv e r s eo f th e H o l YOu r'a n . "Whichever direction ye turn' there is the P re s e n c e f A l l a h ," (Ou r'a n2 :1 1 5 l '' o
  57. 57. 7. Timing - prayersare to be observedin t h e i r p r e s c r i b e d me s. ti 8. Sanity and consciousness prayer is - re q u i r e d n l y fr om p e rso n s f so u n dmi nd. o o 9. Ability to distinguish - prayer is requ i r e do n l y w h e re th e p e rso n(ch i l d)is a b let o d i s t i n g ui sh e tw e e n o o da n d b ad, b g a n d i s a b l e t o un d e rsta n d n d a p p re ciate a fully what is to be recited,performedetc. Note: I t is p r e f e r r e d fo r ch i l d re n to b e gin performingthe praverat the age of seven f or i t a w a k e n si n th e m th e p re se n ceof "Allah (SWT)"and incutcates them in the h a b i t o f p r a y i n ga s a n a ct o f w o rsh i pa nd lovetof Allah 6WD". A child at the ageof 1 O is m a d e t o u n d e rsta n d a t p ra ye ris th n e c e s s a r i la p a rto f th e p e rso n ,s a i l yl i fe y d and is a solemn duty ordainedby ',Altah (S W T ) "o n l l M u sl i ms,a n d th a t fa i l u reto a 48
  58. 58. p e rf o rm i t i s a n a ct o f d i sb e l i e f(K u fr). Therefore,parentsare requiredto guide th eir ch i l d r e n t o th e ri g h t p a th b y p u n is h i n ga n y o f t he m w h o a t th e a g e o f 1 O in t e n t i o n a l l y i sse sth e p ra ye rs. m Th e P ro p h e t P B U H ), i d : ( sa "Order your children to pray when they reach the age of seven and punish them for not performing it at the age of ten and separate them (i.e. boys and girls) in their be d s . " ( R e p o r t e d y l ma m B u h ka ri ) b Uponattaining he age of 15, a childis t d e e me d t o h a v e re a ch e d a d u l th o o d, whereby, he,/she is requiredto perform th e p ra y e r . H e r e be l o w , re so me o th e r a sig n sw h i c h m a y i n d i ca te a t a ch i l dh a s th a t t a ine da d u l t h o o d . a . T h e g r o w i n go f p u b i ch a i r s . b . F i n d i n g r a c e so f s e m e no n t h e c h i l d ' s t clo t h e sa n d , / o rb e d . 49
  59. 59. c. The start of menstruation, the caseof in a girl. OF T H E A C T S OF THE C AT EG O R IE S SAr AvAT A l l t h e a c t s, re a d i n g sa n d su p p l i cations u n d e r t a k e ni n th e co u rse o f th e salaat have different legal weights and im p l i c a t i o n s.T h e y a re ca te g o ri sedas follows: A. Pilfarsof the Salaat - (Arkanu-Salaat) B . N e c e s s a ry D u ti e s o f th e S a laat (Wajibatu-Salaat) C . P r e f e r r e d A cts o f th e S a l aat (Sunnanu-Salaat) W e s h a l l no w d i scu ss e a ch o f these c a t e g o r i e sn tu rn . i 50
  60. 60. PILLARSOF THE SAr ^vAT - (ARKANU- SAI AAT) Th e pra y e r h a s o b l i g a to ryp i l l a rsw h i ch mu s t be f u l fi l l e df o r i t to b eva l i da n dth e se are as f o l l o w s : 1. Al-Aiyaam" - prayer is to be p erf orm e d i n a sta n d i n g p o si ti o n i f a p ers oni s p h y s i c a l l y p a b l e . ca 2. "Takbiiratil lhraam", that is saying "ALLAHU AKBAR". at the commence- me n t o f t h e p r a y er. 3. "Al-Fatihah" - that is reciting the openin g c h a p t e r of th e H o l y Ou r'a n i n ev e ryR a k a a t . 4. "Rukuu" - this is bowing posture wh e re b y t h e h e ad a n d th e b a ck a re p os it io n e do n t h e sa me l e ve l a n d b o th h a n d s a r e r e s t e do n th e kn e e sw i th th e f ingerss p r e a da p a rt. 5l
  61. 61. 5 . A r e q u i r e m e nto ra i seth e h e a du p f r om t t h e R u k u up osi ti o n . 6 . A r e q u i r e me n tto sta n d u p fro m the R u k u u p o s i ti o n i n su ch a w a y th at the person feels that all his,/her backbones a r e s t r a i g h te n e d . 7. "Sujuud" that is prostrating oneselfin s u c h a w a y t h a t th e fo l l o w i n gse ve npar ts o f t h e b o d y a re fi rml y p l a ce d o n the g r o u n d : h e f ore h e a d g e th e r i th the tip t to w o f t h e n o s e, b o th th e p a l ms, b o th the knees,the bottom surface of the toes of both feet. 8 . A r e q u i r e me n to ra i seth e h e a dfr om t t h e S u j u u dp o s i t i o n . 9 . A r e q u i r e m e n t s i t u p r i g h t u r i n gt h e to d pause between the two prostrations. 1 0 . A r e q u i r e m e n tt o t a k e a S i t t i n g
  62. 62. Position for the recitation of the "At- Tashahud" (words of witness). 1 1 . A requirement to recite the tinal "At- Tashahud". . 1 2 . A r e q u i r e m ento re ci teth e w o rd s of t s uppl i c a t i o no r t h e P ro p h e t B U H ). f (P 1 3 . A r e q u i r e m ento co n cl u d e e p ra yer t th with the words of peace "Tasleem", i.e. "Assalamu Aleykum Wa Rahmatullaahi Wa Barakatuh". 1 4 . A r e q u i r e m e n tt h a t i n f u l f i l l i n g t h e above pillarsthe person should be in a state of tranquility. The above are the pillars of the prayer, wherein, if any of them is missed,it is r e q u i r e dt o r e p e a tt h e w h o l e R a k a a t U n i t ) ( i n w h i c h t h e p i l l a r i s o m i t t e d ,b u t i f , t h e Takbiiratil - lhraam is omitted, it becomes n e c e s s a r yt o r e p e a t t h e w h o l e s a l a a t . 53
  63. 63. NECESSARYDUTIES THE SALAAT OF (wAJTBATU-SAr AAT) ln a d d i t i o nt o th e a b o ve1 4 p i l l a rso f the pra y e r ,t h e r e are a l so ce rta i n n e ce ssar y du t i e s w h i c h n e e d to b e fu l fi l l e d i n the c ou r s eo f t h e sa l a a t. h e sea re a s fo l l ows: T 1 . Sa y i n g "AL L A H U A K B A R " i n the courseof the prayerwhere it is necessary, e. g . u p o n c o mme n ci n g u ku ue tc.,e tc. R 2. Saying "SUBHANAA RABBIYAL A Z I M . " w h e n i n R u k u up o s i t i o n . 3. Saying "SAMI ALLAHU LIMAN HA M I D A H " wh i l e re su mi n g sta n ding p o s i t i o nf r o m t h e R u k u u w h e t h e r t h e per s o ni s a n "l ma m" (l e a d e r)o i s p ra ying r alone. 54
  64. 64. 4. Saying "RABBANA WALAKALHAMD" when r e s u m i n g th e sta n d i n g p o si ti on f ro m th e R u k u u a fte r sa yi n gth e w o rd s: SAMI ALLAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH". This is required from the lmam (leader), from the congregation and even from a person who is praying alone. 5. Saying 'SUBHANARABBIYAL A'ALA" wh e n i n S u j u u d( p ro stra ti o np o si ti o n . ) 6. Saying "RABBI IGHFIR LEE" in the s it t in gp a u s eb e t we e n e tw o p ro tra ti o ns th of eve r y u n i t o f t he p ra ye r. 7. Ta k i n g a Si tti n g P o si ti o n fo r the recitation of At-Tashahudafter the first t w o r a k a a t su n i t s ) oD h u h r A s r ,M a g h r i b ( f , and ls h a p r a y e r s. 8 . Re c i t i n gt h e A t-T a sh a h u d (w o rd s of wit n e s s )a f t e rt h e fi rst tw o ra ka a ts n i ts) (u o f D h u h r ,A s r , M a g h r i b n d l s h ap r a y e r s . a 55
  65. 65. The above8 actsconstitute the necessary du t i e so f t h e p ra ye ra n d i f o n e o f th em is mi s s e du n i n t e n ti o n a l l y, e nth e p e rsonis th re q u i r e d o a me n dth e mi sta ke y co m ing t b up with the two prostrations of forgetfulnessat the end of the prayer. However,if any of these duties is left out d e l i b e r a t e l y , e n th e w h o l e p ra yer is th n u l l i f i e d n d s h a l l r e q u i r ea r e p e t i t i o n . a PREFERRED ACTS OF THE SALAAT (s u N AN U - S A A A T ) r I n a d d i t i o nt o th e P i l l a rsa n d N e ce ssar y du t i e s a l r e a d yd i scu sse dth e re a re also , c e r t a i np r e f e r re d ctsto b e f u tfi l l e d n the a i courseof the prayer. Theseare as follows: 1. R e c i t i n g o f a n o p e n i n g su p p l i cation (Du'a-al-lstiftaah) after the "Takbiiratil- lhraam". 2 . P l a c i n g h e h a n d so ve rth e ch e stw hile t t h e p e r s o ni s in a sta n d i n gp o si ti o nwith 56
  66. 66. t h e ri g h t h a n d p l a ce do ve r th e l e ft h a n d. 3 . Ra i s i n g f b o t h h a n d su p toth e l e ve lof o the shouldersor near to the lobesof the ears when saying "Takbiiratil-lhraam"; wh e n h e a d i n g l o r th e R u ku u ; w h e n re s u m i n g s t a n di n g p o si ti o n fro m th e Rukuu and when resuming standing positionfrom the prostration. 4. See k i n g h e p r o te cti o n f A l l a hfro m th e t o c u rs e ds a t a n( o n l ya t th e sta rt o f th e fi rst ra k a a t ) y s a y i n g: b "Auzu billahi minas- shaytani-r-rajiim," which means "l seek Allah's refuge from the cursed satan." 5 . Sta r t i n g t h e p ra ye r w i th th e si l e nt invocationof "Allah (SWf)" by saying: 57
  67. 67. '' ISM ILLAHI -R.RAHMAN I -R- - B RAHEEM." which means "ln the name of Allah' the Compassionate,the M erciful." 6. S a y i n g"A me e n " u p o n co n cl u d i ng the recitation of "Al-Fatihah". 7 . R e c i t i n g o mech a p te rs r p a ssa g esat s o ( le a s tt h r e e ( 3 ) ve rse s) f th e H o l yOur ' an o atter Al-Fatihah in the first two rakaats (un i t s )o f e a c h p ra ye r. 8. A preference that the recitationof Al- Fatihah and of any other additional re a d i n g s r o m th e H o l yOu r'a na re re cited f in a l o u d v o i c e i n th e fi rst tw o ra ka atsof Fa j r ,M a g h r i ba n d l sh a p ra ye rs. 9 . A p r e f e r e nce a t w h e n si tti n gfo r the th tirstAt-Tashahud and in betweenthe two p ro s t r a t i o n sth e , p e rso nre stso n h i s left f o o tf l a t t e n e d n th e g ro u n dw h i l e ke eping o 58
  68. 68. the right foot erect with the bottomof the t oes f i r m e d o n t h e g ro u n d . 1O.A preference practtce to At-Tawaruk when sitting for the final At-Tashahudin the Dh u h r ,A s r , M a g h ri b n d l sh ap ra ye rs. a "At-Tawaruk" is a mode of sitting, w here i nt h e p e r so np ro tru d e s u t h i s l e ft o f oot f r o m u n d e r ne a th i s ri g h tl e g ,i n su ch h a way that the persondoesnot relaxon his left foot. 11 . R e c i t i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g s u p p l i c a - t ion, w h e n s i t t i n g fo r A t-T a sh a h u d ,i n b e t we e nt h e s u p p l i ca ti o n r th e P ro p h et fo (PB U H ) n d t h e f i n a l w o rd s o f p e a ce : a ,,ALLAHUMMA INII AUDHU BIKA MIN ADHABI JAHANAMA. WAMIN ADHABIIL AABR. WAMIN FITNATILMAHYAA WAL- MA-MATI, WAMIN FITNATIL MASIHID- D A J AA L ". w h i c h me a n s- 59
  69. 69. "O Lord I seek your protection from the torment of Jahanam (the hell fire), and from the torment of the grave, and from the trials of living and dying and from the trials of the Masiih Addajaal." The abovepointsare the preferred actsof the prayer and all M uslims are encouragedto preservethese practices because their observance entitles the person great rewards f rom "Allah (SWf)". However, missing any of them d o e s n e i t h e r i n va l i d a teth e sa l a a t nor require the two prostrations of f o r g e tu l n e s s . f HO W T H E S A L A A TIS P E R F OR ME D Ha v i n g k n o wn i n d e ta i l a l l th e d i ffer ent acts of the praYer, i.e.,its Pillars, n e c e s s a r y u ti e s a n d p re fe rre d cts ,we d a s h a l ln o w d i s c u s s n b r i e fh o w t h e S a l a a t i is p e r f o r m e d l l o w i n g e e xa mp l e the fo th of P r o p h e ( P B U H )a n d i n d u e r e g a r d o h i s t , t 60
  70. 70. f amouss a y i n g : ,,SALUU KAMA RAEYTUMUNIIUSALI'', which means "Perform your prayers in the same manner you have seen me doing." Trans m i t t e d y Al -B u kh a ri b W e s ha l ld i s c u s s h e p e rfo rma n ce f e a ch t o prayer in its properperspective. r. " F AJR ( D AW N )P R A Y E R " . Number of Rakaats.'Two R e c it a t i o n 'O u r ' a n i c re ci ta ti o n si n th i s p ra y e r a r e m a d e in a l o u d vo i ce b y th e lm a m i n a c o n g r e g a ti o n ra ye r a n d b y p w h o e v e rp r a y sa l o n e . Performance: 1. Th e p e r s o nt u r ns to w a rd sth e d i re cti o n of the Aibbh, (the sacred Mosque at 6l
  71. 71. Makkah), intending by heart to perform the Fajr (Dawn)prayer. Note: T h e p e r s o ns h o u l dn o t p ro n o u n ce i s,/her h in t e n t i o n o pe n l y b e ca u se n e i th er the P r o p h e ( P B U H ) o r h i s co mp a n i o n s t n used t o u t t e r t h e ir i n te n ti o nfo r p ra ye r.Thus, p r o n o u n c i n g e i n te n ti o ni n a l o u dvoice th is a n i n n o v a ti o n n d i s to ta l l yre j e c ted. a 2.T h e p e r s o n e n ra i se s o thh a n d sup to th b t h e l e v e lo f t h e sh o u l d e rs r n e a rth e lobes o of the ears, pronouncesthe "Takbiiratit - lhraam" by saying "ALLAHU AKBAR" an d p l a c e s oth h a n d so ve rth e ch e s twith b t h e r i g h t h a nd o ve r th e l e ft. B y r e c i t i n g h e " T a k b i i r a t i-l l h r a a m " . h e t t person thus, resolves for prayer and enters into a state of worship and is t h e n c e f o r t hre q u i re dto ca l l to mi n d the majestyand glory of "Allah (SWT)" and to 62
  72. 72. dedicate his intentions, recitationsand act io n st o H i m a l o ne u n ti l th e e n d o f th e pray er . W h i l e p r ayi n g th e p e rso n i s requiredto direct his eyesdownwardsat the spot of Prostration. 3. The personthen recitesin a low voice an o p e n i n g s u p p l i ca ti o n r th e p ra ye r. fo H e reb e l o wa r e t h r e e o f th e su p p l i ca ti o n s w h ic h t h e P r o p h e( P B U H )u seto p ra cti ce t d an d t he M u s l i m i s e xh o rte d me mo ri ze to at least one of them for recitationeach t ime a p r a y e ri s p erfo rme d : a). "SUBHANAKA ALLAHUMMA WA BEHAMDIKA WATABARAKA ISMOKA, WATA'ALA JADDOKA WALA ILAHA GHAYROKA". which means - "Praise and glory be to Allah. Blessed be Your name exalted be Your maiesty and glory. There is no god but You". 63
  73. 73. b). "ALLAHUMMA BA|'D BAYNT WA BAYNA KHATAYAYA KAMA BAA'DTA BAYNA.AL.MASHRIKI WAL MAGHRIBI. ALLAHUMMA NAAANIY MIN KHA- TAYAYAKAMA YONAAA-AL-THOWBO - ALABYADO MIN-AL.DANASI, ALLAHUMMA IAYSILNIY MIN KHA. TAYAYA BIL-MAI. WATHALJI, WALBARAD".which means "O Lord, separateme from my sinsasyou have separated the east and west. O Lord, cleanse me of my srns as the white robe is cleansed from dirt. O Lord, wash away my sins with water, snow and hail". c). "WAJAHTU WAJHIYA LtLLADHtt FA.'TARA-AL-SAMAWATI WAL.ARDHI HANIIFAN MUSLIMAN WAMAA ANA MINAL MUSHRIKIINA, INNA SALATII WANUSUKII WAMAHYAYA WAMA- MATII LILLAHI RABEIL'ALAMIINA LAA SH,ARIKALAHU WABIDHALIKA UMIRTU
  74. 74. WA ,ANA MINAL-MUSLIMIINA". which me a n s "l turn my face to Him Who created the heavens and the earth, as a true believer and a Muslim, and nay, am I one of the polytheists. Truly, my prayer and my sacrifices, my life and my death. allbelong to Allah, Lord of the worlds, Who has no partner. Thisam lcommanded, and lam of those who submit to His Will". 4. The personthen seeksthe protection of "Allah (SWf)" from the cursed satan by saying "AUZO BILLAHI MTNAL SHAYTANI-R-RAJIIM". 5. Th e p e r s o n h en si l e n tl yi n vo ke s" A l tah t (SWf)" by saying: ,, B ISM IL LA H -R-RAHMAN -R-RAHIIM". w h i c h m e a n s- 65
  75. 75. "ln the name of Allah. the all Merciful, the all Compassionate". The personimmediately thereafterrecites "AL-FATIHAH" (openingchapter of the G lo r i o u s O u r ' a n ) i n d u e re g a rd to the f o l l o w i n gs a y i n go f th e P ro p h e t B UH) : (P "Prayer without reciting the'Al-Fatihah' is invalid". (Reported lmam Bukhari) by Upon completionof the "Al-Fatihah" the pe r s o ns a y s "A me e n " l o u d l y. 6. T h e p e r s on th e n re ci te s ch a p ter s, v er s e s o r p a ssa g e s n i mu m o f thr ee (mi v er s e s ) r o m t he H o l yOu r'a n .H o w e v er it f , is r e c o m m e nd e d a t l o n g p a ssa g es e th ar re c i t e df o r t h e F a j r(D a w np ra ye r. ) No t e : lf the person is praying with a i o n g r e g a t i o nb e h i n d a n l m a m ( l e a d e r ) 66
  76. 76. h e , / s h e o u l da pp l yN o s.1,2 ,3 a n d 4 , a nd w woufd listento the lmam recitingthe "Al- Fatihah" loudly and upon the lmam c omp l e t i n gt s r e ci ta ti o n , e p e rso n l o ng i th a with the rest of the congregation would say "Ameen" loudly after which, the personwould apply No. 5 in a low voice. 7. Th e n ,t h e p e r so np ro ce e d s " R u ku u" to (b o w i n g ) o s i t i on i si n gb o th h a n d su p to p ra the levelof the shoulders nearthe lobesor of the ears saying "ALLAHU AKBAR". Wh ile i n t h i s po si ti o n , th e p e rso n is required to excercise serenity and t ranq u i l i t y o s i t io n i n g e h e a da n d b a ck p th on t h e s a m e l e ve l ,p u tti n gb o th h a n d so n t h e kn e e s w i t h th e fi n g e rs sp re a d a nd s ay in g t h e f o l l o w i n g w o rd s fo r a t l e ast t h r e et i m e s : "SUBHANA RABBIYAL A'ZM". which m e a n s- "Glorified is my Lord the Great." 67
  77. 77. I n a d d i t i o n w h i l e i n R u ku up o si ti o n , t is , i also advisable say: to "SUBHANAKA ALLAHUMMA WA BIHAM DIKA, ALLAHUM MA EGHFIRLII'', wh i c h m e a n s- "Glory be to Thee, O Allah, and praise be to Thee, forgive me my sins". 8. Then, the person raises from the " Ru k u u " p o s i ti o nl i fti n gb o th h a n d supto t h e l e v e lo f t h e sh o u l d e rs r n e a rth el obes o of the ears saying: ''SAMI A'ALLAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH", wh i c h m e a n s "Allah listens to him who praises Him." Th e p e r s o nt h e n , i mme d i a te l y ci te s re the following supplication while still standing: 68
  78. 78. .'RABBANA WA LAKA AL HAMDU HAMD AN K A T HE E R 'A N T A Y Y IB A N MOBARAKAN FEEHIY MILA'S SAMAWATI WA MILA' ALARDHI WA MILA' MA BAYNAHOMA WA MILA' MA SHIATA MIN SHIYIN BAA'D", which means "Our Lord, praise be to Theeonly, praises plentiful and blessings as to fill the heavens, the earth, and what /s in between, and fill that which will please Thee besides them". Howe v e r i f a p e r so n l l o w i n g n l ma m i n , fo a a c on g r e g a t i o n ap ra ye r i s n o t a b l e to l conrplete the above supplication it suffices to say "RABBANA WA LAKA ALHAMD". It is also advisableor the lmam. the f f ollow e r o r o n e wh o p ra ys a l o n e to a d d f u r t h e rt h e s u p p l i c a t i o h e r e b e l o w : n
  79. 79. "AHLU THANAA'I WALMAJDI A-HAAU MA AAALA ALABDU WAKULUNA LAKA ABD, ALLAHUMMA LA MAANI'A LIMA ADEYTA WALA M U'DIYA LIMA MAN'ATA WALA YANFA'UDHAL-JADDI MINKAL JADD". which means - "You Allah who deserves all praises and all glory, Your praising is the best and most true of whatever Your servant can say, we are allYour servants.Our Lord,no one can ever depriveanything of what You have bestowed and no one can ever give anything of what You have deprived." Wh i l e i n t h e sta n d i n g p o si ti o n after Ru k u u , h e p e rso ni s a d vi se d p l a ceboth t to ha n d so v e rt h e ch e sti n th e sa mema nner be f o r e b o w in g , si n ce , th i s w a s the pr a c t i c e f t h e P ro p h e t B U H ). o (P 9. T h e p e r s o n th e re a fte r p ro ce e dsto prostration saying: "ALLAHU AKBAR" a n d t o u c h i n gt h e g r o u n dw i t h t h e k n e e s 70
  80. 80. first before the hands if possible. However,if not possible, personmay the t ouc h t h e g r o u n dw i th th e h a n d sb e fo re t he k n e e s . W h il e i n p ro stra ti o n ,th e p e rs o n s h o u l d p l a ce se ve n p a rts o f th e b o d yo n t h e g r o un d .T h e sep a rtsa re :th e forehead, together with the nose, both p a lm s o f t h e h an d s (fi n g e rs sh o u l d be stretched, closed together and pointed t owa r d st h e d i r e cti o n f th e Oi b l a h ), o th o b knees,the bottompartsof the toesof both f eet (t o e s p o i n t e dto th e d i re cti o no f the O i b l a h ) . D u r i n g t h e p r o s t r a t i o n st h e , p e rs o ns a y s f o r th re e ti me s o r mo re the f o llo w i n gw o r d s : "SUBHANA RABBIYAL A'ALA", which means "Glorified is my Lord the Exalted". I t is a l s o a d v i s a b l e sa y fu rth e r: to 7l
  81. 81. ,,SUBHANAKAALLAHUM MA RABBANA WA BI HAMDIKA, ALLAHUMMA IGHFIR Lll", which means "Glory be to Thee,our Lord, and I praise be to Thee. O Lord, forgiue me my sins"' Wh i l e i n p r o stra ti o n i,t i s re co mmended that the person recites as many supplicationsas possible asking "Allah (SWf)" for prosperity both in this worldly lif e a n d i n t h e l i fe h e re a fte r e ca u se b the Prophet'(PBUsaid: H) 'When performing 'Rukuu' glorify 'Allah , (SW T I , b u t d u ri n gp ro stra ti o n , n d e avour e t o m a k ea s m an ysu p p l i ca ti o na s p o s sible s 'Allah (SWTL' to for supplications during p ro s t r a t i o n a re a l mo st ce rta i n to be a c c e p t e d . "( Re p o rte y l ma m Mu sl i m ) bd I n v i e w o f t h e a b o vep ro p h e ti c d ition, tra we q u o t e h e re b e l o w so me o f the s u p p l i c a t i o n s n d p ri va tep ra ye rsw hich a 72
  82. 82. t h e P r o p h e t( PB U H ) se d to sa y w h i l e i n u pros tr a t i o n : a.,'ALLAHUMMA LAKA SAJADTU, WABIKA AMANTU, WALAKA ASLAMTU' SAJADA WAJHII LILLADHII KHA- LAAAHU FASAWARAHU FAAH.SANA SUW A R A H I J , FA S H A A A S A M'A H U WABAS ARA H U. FATABA RAKA. LLAH U AHSANA-L-KHAUAllN". which means "O Lord, to Thee I prostrate' in Thee I believe and to Thee I submit; MY face prostrates to He Who created and fashioned it and made its form good and provided it with hearing and sight; praise be to Altah, the most excellent of creators". ''RABBI A'DI NAFSII TAAWAHA' b. WAZAKIHA, ANTA KHAYRIJ-MANZA- KAHA ANTA WALIYUHAA WAMAU- L AH AA . " w h i c h me a n s
  83. 83. " O Lord, give my soul its devoutnessand purify it, for none other than Thou can purify it, Thou are its Lord and Master,,. Wh i l e i n p r o s tra tl o nth e p e rso nsh ould , no t b r i n gt h e ha n d scl o seto th e h e a dand should not stick the arms to the a b d o m e nA l s o,th e p e rso nsh o u l dn e i ther . s t ic kt h e a b d o me n th i g h sn o rth e th ighs to t o l e g s . T h e a rms sh o u l d b e d i sta nced from the body and raised up from the g ro u n d b e c a use th e p ro p h e t (p BUH) p ro h i b i t e d l a t te n i n gth e m o n th e g ro und f a c c o r d i n g o t h e fo l l o w i n gsa yi n g ; t "Adjust your prostration, keep straight in it and stretch not your hands on the ground as dogs do". (Reporterdby lmam Bukhari) 10. T h e p e r s o nth e re a fte rra i se s u p the h e a d f r o m p r o stra ti o n yi n g ,'A L L AHU sa AKBAR", and sits up resting on the left f ootfl a t t e n e d n th e g ro u n dw h i l e ke e p ing o 74
  84. 84. the right foot erect with the toes of the right f o o t f i r m e d o n th e g ro u n d 'Wh i l e i n t h is p o s i t i o n b o th p a l msa re to b e p l a ced , on the knees and the person recitesthe f o llo w i n gs u P P l i ca ti o n : ''RA BI Y A I AH F IR L II, WA R H A MN II' WAHDINII. WAJBIJRNII. WARZANEE' WA'A FINEE", which means "O my Lord, forgive me' have mercY on me, guide me, consoleme, provide for me' and h e a l m e . " 1 1. T h e p e r s o np ro stra te s g a i n sa yi ng a "ALLAHUAKBAR"andrepeatswhat was d o n e i n t h e f i r s t P ro stra ti o n ' 1 2 . f h e p e r s o nth e n ra i se s e h e a dfrom th " A L L A HU t h e se c o n dp r o stra ti o n yi n gsa AK B A R ",a n d t a ke sa si tti n gp a u se mi lar si t o t h e P au s e b e t w e e n t h e t w o p ro s t r a t i o n s .h i s i s a p a u sefo r re sta n d it T is re c o m m e n de d 't5 ke su ch a p a u s e' to ta
  85. 85. alt h o u g ht h e r e i s n o h a rm i f o mi tte d That . is the endof one "Rakaat,,(unit). 13. The personthereafter,says ALLAHU AKBAR and stands up for the second Ra k a a tw h i c h i s p e rfo rme di n th e sam e ma n n e r a s t h e fi rst R a ka a tw h e re b ythe p e r s o nc o m e sup w i th a l l th e a cti o n sand reci t a t i o n s f r o m N o s. 1 u p to 1 1 as discussed above. 14. Upon completing the second prostrationas discussed No. 12 above, in the person takes a sitting for the ',At_ Tashahud" (wordsof witness)and while in th i s p o s i t i on ,th e fi n g e rs o f th e ri ght han da r e t o b e pl a ce d o se -fi stesa vethe cl d inde x f i n g e r wh i ch th e p e rso n u se s to p o in to u t a s a n in d i ca ti o n r mo n o th e istic fo beli e f a l t h o u g h,th e p e rso nma y a s well k ee p b o t h t h e li ttl e a n d th e ri n g fi n g er s c l o s e d ,w h i l e r o u n d i n gt h e t h u m b a n d mid d l ef i n g e r i n a ri n g -sh a p e d rm a nd fo us e st h e i n d e xf in g e rto p o i n to u t a s a sign f or m o n o t h e i s ti b e l i e f. t h a sb e e nre l a ted c l 76
  86. 86. that the Prophet(PBUH),practicedboth these methods and it is advisable to practicethe first methodat times and the other methodat othertimes'The left hand is placedon the left kneewith the f ingers kept open. After sitting as discussed above, the personrecitesthe,4T-Tashahud(words of wit n e s s )a s f o l l o w s: ''AT TAHIYYATULILAHI WASALAWATU WATAYYIBATU ASSALAMU ALAYKA AYUHAN-NABIYU WA RAHMATULLAHI WA BARAKATUHU,ASALAMU ALAYNA WA ALA IBADI-L-LAHI-S-SALIHIYN. ASH-HADU ANLA ILAHA ILA LAHU WAH DAHU LA SHARIKA LAHU WA ASH.HA- DU ANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUH.ALLAHUMMA SALLIYALA MUHAMMAD WA ALA AALI MUHAMMAD, KAMA SALAYTA ALA IBRAHIMA, WA AALA AALI IBRAHIM.
  87. 87. INAKA HAMIDON MAJID. WA BARIK ALAA MUHAMMAD WA ALAA AALI MUHAMMAD KAMA BARAKTA ALA IBRAHIMA WA ALAA AALI IERAHIM. INAKA HAMTDONMAJtD...which means "Greetings, prayers and our good deeds are for Allah. Peace,mercy and blessings of Allah be on you O prophet. May peace be upon us and on the devout slaves of Allah. 'l testify that there is no god but Allah (the person when reciting this testimony points out the index finger as a sign of monotheistic belief) and I testify that Muhammad /s His slave and messenger'. O Lord, bless Muhammad and his family as you blessedlbrahim and his family. You are the Most-praised, The Most-Glorious. O Lord,bestow your grace on Muhammad and his famity as you bestowed it on lbrahim and hisfamily. you a re t h e M o s t-p ra i se d , th e Mo st_ Glorious." 78
  88. 88. It is recommendedto add to the above read i n g t h e f o l l o w i n g su p p l i ca ti o nin whic h t h e p e rso n a sks fo r A l l a h' s p ro t e c t i o nr o m fo u r e vi l s: f ,'ALLAHUMMA INII AUDHU BIKA MIN ADHABI JAHANNAMA, WA M IN ADHABIL AABR. WAMIN FITNATIL MAHYAA WAL-MAMATI, WAMIN FtTNATtL MASIHID-DAJAAL". which m e a n s- "My Lord, I seekYourprotection from the torment of Hell, from the torment of the grave, from the trials in lifetime and after death, and from the impostor Masihi- dajaal". Th e p e r s o n m a y a l so ma ke f u rther s u p p l i c a t i o nts " A l l a h (S WD " a ski n gfor o p ro s p e r i t y o t h i n th i s l i fe a n d i n th e life b her e a f t e r , n d to b e sto w H i s fa vo u rson a h i s p a r e n t s n d o t h e rM u s l i m s T h i sw a s a . t h e c o n f i r m e d p ra cti ce o f th e P ro phet 79
  89. 89. (PB U H ) s r e p orte d y l b n Ma sso u d ay a b (m A lla h b e p l e a se d i th h i m). w 15. H a v i n g c o mp l e te dth e A t-T a sh a hud t he p e r s o n t e rmi n a te s th e p ra ye r by sayingfor two times ''AS-SALAMU ALEYKUM WA RAHMATU-LAAH". which mean " Peace and mercy of Attah be upon you", t u rn i n gt h e f a c efi rstto th e ri g h ta n dth en, to the left. Th a t i s t h e e n d o f th e F a j r p ra ye r. I I . " D H U H R( N O O N ) R A Y E R " P Number of Rakaat: Four Recitation: Our'anic recitations in this p ra y e ri s m a d ei n a l o w vo i ceb y th e l mam (lead e r )t,h e f o ll o w e rso r w h o e ve r p rays alone. 80
  90. 90. Performahce: 1. T h e f i r s t t w o Ra ka a tso f th e D h u h r p ra y e ra r e p e r f o r me dn th e sa mema n n e r i as the two Rakaats the Fajrprayerwith of re g a rdt o N o s .1 u pto 1 4 . H o w e ve r, n th e i c as eof D h u h rp r a ye r, e si tti n gi n N o . 1 4 th re p re s e n t t h e f t r s tA t-T a sh a h u id w h i ch s n c a s e ,t h e p e r s o ni s re q u i re d re ci teo n l y to the f irst part of the words of witness up to '"...WA ASHADUANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUHU". Mean- while, i t i s p r e f e r re d a t, fo r th e D h u h r th pray er ,t h e o u r ' a ni c re ci ta ti o n s fte r th e a A l-F a t i h a h a r e o f me d i u m l e n g th (i .e . n e it he rt o o s h o r t n o r to o l o n g ). 2 . Up o n c o n c l u d in g e re ci ta ti o n f th e th o fi rs t p a r t o l A t - T ash a h u di n N o . 1 4 , th e person, instead of proceedingto action No. 15 (of the Fajr prayer), stands up for t h e t wo r e m a i n i n gR a ka a ts f th e D h u h r o p ra y e rw h i c h a r e a l so p e rfo rme di n th e sa me m a n n e ra s t h e fi rst tw o . 81
  91. 91. 3 . U p o n p e r fo rmi n gN o . 1 2 i n th e four th Rakaat,the person sits for the tinal At' Ta s h a h u d a n d co me s u p w i th f ull re c i t a t i o n f th e sa mea s i n N o . 1 4 of the o F a j r p r a y e r . h e p e rso nth e n p ro ce eds T on t o N o . 1 5 a n d th u s, co n cl u d e s e p rayer . th I I I ." A S R ( A F T E R N O O N ) A Y E R " PR Number of rakaats: Four R e c i t a t i o n ' Ou r'a n i c re ci ta ti o n si n this p r a y e r a r e ma d e i n a l o w vo i ce bY the le a d e r( l m a m ), e fo l l o w e rs, r w h oever th o p r a y sa l o n e . Performance: is performed lt similarto the Dhuhr ( N o o n ) r a y e ri n a l l r e s p e c t s . p rv . "M AG H R IB(S U N S E TP R A Y E R" ) Three Number of Rakaats.' 82
  92. 92. Recitation' Our'anic recitationsin this prayer is made loudly in the first two r ak aats b y t h e le a d e r (l ma m) o r b y w hoeve rp r a y sa l o n e . Performance: 1. The first two Rakaats this prayerare of p e rf o rm e dn t h e s a mema n n e ra s th e f i rst i two Rakaats of the Dhuhr prayer. Ho wev e r ,t h e p e r so n p ra yi n gb e h i n d a n lm a m i n a c o n g re g a ti o n s re q u i re dto i li s t e nt o t h e l m a m's re ci ta ti o n f th e A l - o Fatihah,in the first two Rakaats. Uponthe lmam's completionof the Al-Fatihah,the person says Ameen with the rest of the congregation and then recitesAl-Fatihah sile n t l yb y h i m s e l f. h e p e rso n e re a fte r, T th ma y no t n e e dt o r eci teOu r'a n i cp a ssa g e s h ims el f b u t s h o u l d p a y a tte n ti o nto th e l m a m ' sr e c i t a t i o n . M e a n w h i l e ,O u r ' a n i cr e c i t a t i o n sn t h i s i prayer after the Al-Fatihah by the lmam 83
  93. 93. (or by whoeverpraysalone)may be either long or short passages the HolyOur'an. of 2. Upon raisingthe headfrom the second prostration of the second Rakaat, the personsits down for the firstAt-Tashahud and iecites the first part of the words of witness (i.e. upto "....wA ASHADUANNA MUHAMMADAN ABDUHU WA RASUULUHU"). 3 . T h e p e r s o n e re a fte sta n d su p for the th r p e r f o r m a n ce f th e th i rd a n d l a st Rakaat o o f t h e M a g h ri b p ra ye ra n d u p o n raising the head from the second prostrationof this third Rakaat, personsits down for the the final At-Tashahud and recites the w o r d s o f w i tn e ss i n fu l l . 4 . T h e p e r so nth e n co n cl u d e s e pr ayer th b y t h e " T a s l e e m " i . e . c t i o nN o ' 1 5 o f t h e ( a F a j r p r a y e r ).
  94. 94. v . " l s H A ( E V E N I N G )R A Y E R " P Number of rakaats.'Four Recitation' Our'anic recitations in this pray e r i s m a d e l o u d l y i n th e fi rst tw o Ra k a a t sb y t h e l ma m a n d b y w h o e ver p ray sa l o n e . Performance: 1 . Th i s p r a y e ri s p e rfo rme di n th e sa me m a n n e ra s t h e D h u h r( N o o n a n d t h e A s r ) ( Af t er n o o n p r a y e rs. ) H o w e v e rw h e n p r a y i n g e h i n da n l m a m , , b the p e r s o n i s r e q u i re dto l i ste n to th e lma m' sr e c i t a t i o n f th e " A L -F A T IH A H i"n o t he f ir s t t w o R a ka a ts. p o n th e l ma m's U compl e t i o n f t h e A l -F a ti h a hth e p e rso n o says Ameen with the rest of the c ongre g a t i o n n d th e n re ci te s l -F a ti h a h a A s ilent l yb y h i m s e lf. h e p e rso nth e re a fter T 85
  95. 95. m a y n o t n e e dto re ci teOu r'a n i cp a ssages him s e l f b u t sh o u l d p a y a tte n ti o nto the l m a m ' sr e c i t a t i o n . T H E F O R G E T F U L N E S S OS T R A TIONS PR (SU J U U D H W) SA A s h u m a n be i n g s, w e a re b Y n atur e s u b j e c t t o m i sta ke sa n d e rro rs, a nd as m e n t i o n e d ea rl i e r, i f a p e rso n fa i ls to pe r f o r m a n y o f th e p i l l a rs o f th e p r ayer an d / o r n e c essa ry u ti e s, th e p e rson is d re q u i r e dt o me n d th e e rro r b y co mi ngup wi t h t w o p r ostra ti o n s t th e e n d of the a prayer known as "Suiuud Sahw" i.e' f o r g e t f u l n e s s p r o s t r a t i o n s ,a l t h o u g h , wh e r e a p i l l ar(s)s o mi tte da re p e ti tion i of t h e m i s s e dp i l l a r(s)s n e ce ssa ry. i T h e r e a r e s o me d i sa g re e me n ts e tween b r e l i g i o u su r i s t sr e g a r d i n gh i s s u b j e c a s j t t t o w h e t h e r i t sh o u l db e p e rfo rme d befor e or after the words of peace (Tasleem). What seems to be a fair solution, 86
  96. 96. however, is that if a person made an a ddit i o n t o t h e p ra ye r, th e n , th e tw o prostrationsof forgetfulnessshould be performed after reciting the Tasleem. W hile, i f a d e d u cti o ni s ma d e fro m th e prayer, then, the two prostrations of forgetf u l n e s s h o ul db e p e rfo rme d e fo re b reciting the Tasleem. However, where b o t h a n a d d i t i o n a n d a d e d u cti o nma y h a v e b e e n m a d e i n th e co u rse o f th e prayer, then, in th is case, the f o r g e t fu I n e s s p r o s t r a t i o n s c an b e performed before the recitation of the words of peace(Tasleem). V A R I O U SN S T A N C EW H E R E S U J U U D I S " S AHW " BE C O M E S P P A R E N T A A. Where a Pillar of the Prayer is Omitted 1. Whe r e ,f o r e x a mp l ea p e rso n rg e ts , fo to recite the "Al-Fatihah" but remembers th e s am e b e f o r eRu ku uo r i n th e p ro ce ss o f bow i n g ,t h e n ,t he p e rso ni s re q u i re d to 87
  97. 97. re s u m e a p r op e r sta n d i n gp o si ti o nand read the "Al-Fatihah" and some other v e r s e sf r o m th e H o l y Ou r'a n a s u sual.lf t h i s o m i s s i o no ccu re di n th e fi rst rakaat a n d t h e p e r s o nre me mb e rs e o mi ssion th wh i l e i n t h e co u rseo f th e se co n dra kaat, t h e n , t h e p e r so nsh o u l dco u n tth e second ra k a a ta s b e i n gth e fi rst ra ka a ta n d tr eat t h e f i r s t o n e i n w h i ch h e ,/sh emi ssedto recite the "Al-Fatihah"as null and void. Th e p e r s o n sh o u l d th e n P ro ce ed to pe r f o r m o n e mo re ra ka a t to co mplete h i s , / h e rSa l aa t a n d a t th e e n d , re ci tethe " T a s l e e m "( w o rd so f p e a ce ) fte r w hich, a t h e p e r s o n co me s u P w i th th e two pr o s t r a t i o n s f fo rg e tfu l n e ss n d again, o a recites the Tasleem. 2 . l f , h o w e v e r w h i l e s i t t i n gf o r t h e f i n a l , "At-Tashahud",(the words of witness),a p e r s o n r e m e mb e rs th a t h e mi ss ed a p r o s t r a t i o n , th e n th e p e rso n should im m e d i a t e l yco me u p w i th th e m issed p r o s t r a t i o n d si t b a cka g a i nto re peata an 88

×