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Indispensable implication Of Sunna and caution against innovation

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  • 1. implication Indispensable implication Indispensable Sunna Of Sunna andd an caution againstinnovation cau tion against innovation By By Hi~ Eminence Sheikh: His Eminence Sh€ikh: A B D T ' { Z I 7 B I { B T I TI I . { H B I B { 7 ABDU. I AZIZ 81: ARDlJLLAH BIN BAZ Trrnslrlrd by: Translated by: Mtrh!mmadRaquibuddin Hussain, Muhammad Raquibuddin Hussain, and Suhaib Abdul Ghallar. H. Suhaib H. Abdul GhaHar. l'rimed llnd publi~hcd I'ritrred xrd publi!hcd h}':: hy Prl'sidenQ u f Islamic Research. Pr€sid€n.! of Islamic Reserrch. Uta Propagation, lind Guidance. Iflo ProDr8.tior, otrd Guiddce ASSISTANT AGENCY ASSISTANT AGENCY IoR "'OR PRI~TI!'IG AND TRANSLATION PRTITING TRANSLATION Ri}'adh, ,Kinlldomm f Saudi i ~rabia, R i y r d h X i n g d o (If S r u d A r a b i o Wrlf (EDdo*metrt- Grrllr) Wakf (Endowment· Grali0 1992/l4t3 1992/1413
  • 2. Indispensableimplication Indispensable Of Sunna Of Sunna and crution rgeinst innovation caution against
  • 3. Indispensable implication Indispensable implication Of Sunna Of SUDDa and and caution against innovation caution against innovatioD By By His Eminence His Eminence Sheikh: Sheikh: ABDUL ABDULLAH ABDUL AZIZ BIN ABDULLAH BIN BAZ Translatedby: Translated by: MuhammadRaquibuddinHussain, Muhammad Raquibuddin Hussain, and and Suhaib Abdul Ghaffar. Suhaib H. Abdul Ghaffar. Printed and published by: Presidency of Islrmic Research, of Islamic Ifta Propagation, and Guidance. Iftr Proprgrtion, rnd Guidrnce. ASSISTANT AGENCY FOR PRINTING AND TRANSLATION PRINTING AND TRANSLATION Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia lVakf (Endowment -- Gratif) Wakf (Endowment Gratif) r99?,/1413 1992/1413
  • 4. In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful In the name of Allah the most the most Merciful Indispensable of Sunna Indispensableimplication of Sunna and caution against innovation against All praise be to Allah who completedthe religion for us, All praise completed religion us, perfectedthe blessingon us and chose Islam as our religion. perfected blessing us chose Islam as religion. blessings and peacebe upon His servant and Apostle, May the blessings p~ace servant Apostle, who calledupon peopleto obey his Lord and cautionedagainst called people obey his and cautioned against innovation and disobedience; And may Allah extravagance, innovation and disobedience; extravagance, bless his posterity, his companionsand those who follow his bless his posterity, his companions and those his footsteps till the Day of Judgement. footsteps the of Judgement. I have been acquainted with the article publishedin the first have been acquainted the article published the first pageof the weeklymagazine<Edarat>> the Kanpur, Industrial page of the weekly magazine «Edarat» of the Kanpur, Industrial of Pradesh India, which containsan implied cam- city of Utter Pradesh in India, which contains an implied cam- Saudi Arabia, its adherence paign against the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, its adherence to paign againstthe Kingdom the Islamiccreed,and its opposition innovations.The writer the Islamic creed, and its opposition to innovations. The writer allegesthat the creed the Salaf (Early adherents Islam) alleges that the creed of the Salaf (Early adherents to Islam) which is held SaudiKingdom does agree the Sunna. which is held by Saudi Kingdom does not agree with the Sunna. By this, the writer aims at creatingdivision amongstthe Ahl'l By this, the writer aims at creating division amongst the AhPI Sunna and encouraging the innovations and superstitions. This Sunnaand encouraging innovationsand superstitions. the This doubt, is most abominableand dangerousand aims attitude, no doubt, is most abominable and dangerous and aims attitude, Islam and spreadinginnovations at offending the Religion of Islam and spreading innovations at offending the Religion truth. Furthermore, the article and deviations from the truth. Furthermore, the article and deviations from the clearlyon the subject celebrating Prophet's the concentrates clearly on the subject of celebrating the Prophet's concentrates birthday as an excuse discuss creed the Kingdom and birthday as an excuse to discuss the creed of the Kingdom and the its rulers.Therfore, consider necessary enlightenthe Peo- to its rulers. Therfore, I consider it necessary to enlighten the Peo- help of Allah, I say: Ple on this subject. So seeking help of Allah, I say: Ple on this subject.So seeking It is not permissible celebrate birthday of the Apostle, It is not permissible to celebrate the birthday of the Apostle, to the and peaceof Allah be upon him) or some- (May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) or some- (May the blessings body else.In fact, it must be stopped,as it is an innovationin body else. In fact, it must be stopped, as it is an innovation in 3
  • 5. the religion. The Apostle of Allah (May the blessingsand the religion. The Apostle of the blessings and Peaceof Allah be upon him) neither celebratedit, nor com- Peace of be neither celebrated com- mandedothersto do this for himself. or for any one who died manded others this himself. anyone died before him amongstthe Prophets,for his daughtershis wives, before amongst the Prophets, his daughters his wives, or his other relatives. The rightly guided Caliphs the his relatives. The guided Caliphs the Companions of the Prophet (May Allah be pleasedwih them) Companions the Prophet be pleased them) or the successors who rightly followed them did not celebrate the successors who followed them celebrate this event, nor did anyone of the muslim scholars in the centuries this event, any one of the muslim scholars the centuries before. before. They knew the Sunnah of the Prophet (May the peaceand They knew Sunnah of peace blessings of Allah be upon him) best, they loved him more, and blessings of Allah best, loved more, followed the Shari'a better than those who came after them. if followed the Shari'a better than those cameafter them. if celebratinghis birthday was a good deed, they celebrating his birthday was a good deed, they would have have done it. done We are commanded to follow and forbidden to innovate. are commanded and forbidden innovate. This is because the perfection the Islamic religion and the This is because of the perfection of the Islamic religion and the of Sufficiency of what and Messenger have given us Sufficiency of what Allah and His Messenger have given us and are accepted Ahl'al-Sunna wal-jama'at-. The Muslim and are accepted by Ahl-al-Sunna wal-jama'at-. The Muslim community of the companions and those who followed them in community the companionsand those followed them the best way. the best way. is related the prophet and peace It is related to the prophet (May the blessings and peace of the blessings Allah be upon him) that he said: «He who innovates something be upon him) he said: <He who innovatessomething in this matter of ours that is not of it, will have it rejected». this matter ours is have rejected>. (Transmitted (Transmitted by AI-Bukhari and Muslim). According to Al-Bukhari and Muslim). According reported: <<whoever Muslim who reported: «whoever does an act which is not in does an act is agreement with our matter, will have it rejected» In another agreement matter, have rejected> another tradition the Prophet said: «You must keep to my Sunna and of tradition the Prophetsaid: <<You must keep Sunnaand the Sunna of the rightly-guided Caliphs, cling to it firmly». the Sunna the rightly-guided Caliphs, cling firmly>. «Beware of newly invented matters, for every new matter is an <<Beware newly inventedmatters, every new matter is an innovation and every innovation is misleading» He used to say innovation and everyinnovation is misleading> used say in every Friday sermon: «The best discourse is the Book of every Friday sermon: <The best discourseis the Book and the bestguidanceis the guidance Muhammad the Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad the 4
  • 6. Apostle of Allah, and the worst matter is that of innovation and Apostle of Allah, and the worst matter is that of innovation and every innovation is misleading>. Thus, these traditions contain every innovation is misleading». Thus, these traditions contain a strong caution against innovations and a warning that such an a strong caution against innovations and a warning that such an act is a deviation from the right course. The Prophet (May the act is a deviation from the right course. The Prophet (May the blessingsand peace of Allah be upon him) warned the people blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) warned the people of the gravity of theseinnovations and of their bad consequenc- of the gravity of these innovations and of their bad consequenc- es. There are many traditions adduced in this connection. And es. There are many traditions adduced in this connection. And the Almighty has said: the Almighty has said: {trosti e;l ,,.(* tr-9o.zjetiJ.rJl nK;r, LtF .Iv-o 1] <So take «So take what the Messenger gives you, and refrain from what Messengergives he prohibits you> (59:7) Allah, Mosr High said he prohibits you» (59:7). . Allah, Most High said: : Ji 6 ~ -:.>i o.;oi ~ ~yil~ ~..ul )~t r'l-st Jl ;,:i Fr.r"J rri o.l"i f JJrJtit jJ$l Jir..JiF .[ir:"tJ ~~i .[rr:Yr] {di Y,J&. ~ +l.io war" <<Then thosebeware let withstandthe Messenger's «Then let those beware who withstand the Messenger's order, order, Lest some trial befall them. or a grievousChastisement be Lest some befall them. a grievous Chastisementbe inflicted them» (24:63. inflicted on them)) (24:63). Allah, the Almighty said. Allah, the Almighty said. y;.;!. -:.>~ ~ ~ 0J-'i .i», JJ-') ~ ~ 05 -riJF ~~ -,rJ 06.it Ak' 6-fi nr J-r-.rd n^(J ..lQJt .[" :rrt 4'.# .rY :rr] {U{ a' .J'~J rrlt edl.l dltl ~, -{ts .r~' ~JoJ'J ~, <Ye have indeed in the Messengerof Allah an excellent «Ye have indeed the Messenger of excellent exemplerfor him who hopesin Allah and the final day, and who exempler hopes day, remember much.» (33:21) remember Allah much.>> (33:21) And Allah the Almighty said. the Almighty said. itiJl: ;La;Trj a;4alr U OjJ.glrO3iJhb 5
  • 7. ,~ ' t dr" d *i.l e l-tosy f~ ArtsreJ F ~ ~ ..toIJ ~ 'J""')J dll ~I~) t'--,tt F^J'dl ~~4 ~~I r . .-1r{di,,tr;drcJri 1J~..u:.t *r' h* qrr+ [' · ·-'] ~~, JJAJ' ~~ i+i hrord ~'J' ~ '-i';' J.!t «The vangured of Islam the first of those who forsook their <<The vangured of Islam the first of those who forsook their homes and of those who gave them aid, and also those who homes of those gave also those followed them in all good deeds,well - Pleasedis Allah with followed deeds, - Pleased them as are they with Him. For them hath He prepared gardens as with Him. prepared gardens under which rivers flow, to dwell therin forever, that is the rivers flow, forever, supremeTriumph> (9:100). And Allah, the Almighty said: supreme Triumph» (9: 100). the said: ~ ~ ~J ~~ ~ ~ ~~" ,j"-, *SJt c.".ei3nftr F c-lJi fClF .[r:o1 ~~~ ~~~, ~ tPs1 .[",:oJ 4r*, f)t-]l F ~)J <This day have I perfectedyour religion for you, completed «This have perfected completed My favour upon you and have chosen for favour upon and have chosen you Islam as your Islam as religion» (5:3). This verse decisively indicates that the Almighty religion> (5:3). versedecisivelyindicates the Allah has completed the religion has completed the religion this and has for this Ummah, and has showered His blessings on them. showered blessings them. Prophet (May the peaceand blessings His Prophet (May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon be upon he had imparted the complete him) passed away only after he had imparted the complete passed away the Ummah as well as his legislations message of Allah to the Ummah as well as his legislations co- message co- all things ncerning sayings and deeds. He also stressed that all things in- ncerning sayingsand deeds.He also stressed vented by people and then attributed vented by people and then attributed to the religion of Islam the religion Islam be rejected, even if their inventors did are innovations and to be rejected, even if their inventors did are innovations and so in good faith. so in good faith. that the Companions of the Prophet (May It is established that the Companions of the Prophet (May It is established and peaceof Atlah be upon him) and the righteous the blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and the righteous the blessings after them warned the people againstinnovations as successors after them warned the people against innovations as successors what is not permitted by Allah, they add to Islam and legislate what is not permitted by Allah, they add to Islam and legistate in line with the enemiesof Allah such as the Jews and the in line with the enemies of Allah such as the Jews and the Christianswho addedto their religion and innovatedwhat was Christians who added to their religion and innovated what was 6
  • 8. allowed Moreover, innovation not allowed by Allah. Moreover, to admit innovation in Is- Is- incomplete and imperfect. Such lam is incompleteand imperfect. Such a belief is not only.an evil but contradicts the following verse: <This day have II per- contradicts verse: «This have fected you». And sayings of fected your religion for you>. And the sayingsof the Prophet us against innovations. which warn us against innovations. To celebrate the anniversary of the birth of Prophet and the celebrate anniversary of birth of others, means that the Religion is not perfected by Allah (the others, means perfected Allah Galorious, the Almighty) for this <Ummah>, and the Apostle Galorious, the «Ummah», and Apostle did not impart to the peoplewhat was necessary people was necessary regarding their regarding religious duties, till these late onesappearedand inventedin the religious duties, till theselate ones appeared invented religion what is not permitted by Allah, thinking that this would religion is permitted bring them nearer to Allah. them nearer Undoubtedly, this is a great danger and is tantamount to Undoubtedly, great danger criticzing Allah the Almighty and the Prophet (Peacebe upon criticzing the and Prophet (Peace be him): whereas Allah the Almighty has already completed the whereas the Almighty has already completed religion and perfected His grace, and the Prophet (peacebe upon religion and perfected grace, (peace be him) has conveyed the message openly and informed the Ummah has conveyedthe message openly of all such ways that will lead them to the Paradise and save atl such ways that lead them the Paradiseand save them from Hell-fire. them According an authentic the authority of According to an authentic Hadith, on the authority of Abdullah ben Amr ben AI-As the Messenger of Allah (Peace ben ben Al-As the Messenger (Peace be upon him) said: Allah Ta'ala «the Almighty» did not send be upon him) said: <the Almighty> send a Prophet obliged lead his people the best a Prophet but obliged him to lead his people to the best way which is known him, and warn them againstthe worst which which is known to him, and warn them against the worst which (Transmitted is known to him. (Transmitted by Muslim). is Prophet (peacebe upon him) is the It is well-known that our Prophet (peace be upon him) is the It is well-known that best all the prophets,the last and the most perfect them best of all the prophets, the last and the most perfect of them regarding the way he conveyed the messageand advised his regarding the way he conveyed the message and advised his people. people. Had the celebration beenan act Religion chosen Had the celebration of Milad been an act of Religion chosen by Altah for His servants, the Prophet would have either by Allah for His servants, the Prophet would have either explainedthat to his people, would have celebrated during his explained that to his people, would have celebrated it during his 7
  • 9. life, or his Companions would have done it. As these did not life, or his Companionswould have done it. As thesedid not happen, it becomes clear that Islam has no concern with Milad. happen,it becomes clear that Islam hasno concernwith Milad. On the contrary, it is one of the innovations against which the On the contrary, it is one of the innovationsagainstwhich the Prophet has warned his people as mentioned earlier. Prophet has warned his people as mentioned earlier. A host of scholars have not only rejected the celebration A host of scholars have not only rejected the celebration of Milad but have warned againstit in view of the evidences Milad but have warned against it in view of the evidences given given above. above. According to the rule of the Islamic Shari'a all matters According to the rule of the Islamic Shari'a matters regarding legalization or prohibition and regarding legalization or prohibition and all disputes among the disputes among people, should be referred to the people, should be referred to the Book of Allah and the Sunnah and the Sunnah of His Messenger(Peacebe upon of His Messenger (Peace be upon him) in line with the saying line the sayiqg of of Allah: j0, i *tT -*i wr ;"uiiJ*4 -: jj, d-qX dii J'J-'f~tr,i.r::*: Ji'irri~ "~',~ iJ., A~G~ i FJ J J ~~ t..' ~~ t.. ii;r;'u"{ .. r ~ (,.is J.hlt JI uIIt# r,r -pi.u irr ~ 6J} J~;'j ~r Jl oJSJ ~~J~jJ ~~~ ~ ;~, of j+lJT i& iq .[O~:t]] ~~~~ ~ij, ~~ ~~, ,~jJrj ~..~ ~~jf ;;;ii e ou.3;-ji tc( .[o1:t {r^*;L (O ye A. «0 ye who believe obey Allah and obey the Messenger believeobey obey Messenger and thosecharged those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among If ye anything among yourselves,refer among yourselves, refer it to Allah and his Messenger,if ye do his Messenger, if ye believe and believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is bestand most suitable Last best and most suitable determination>> (4:59). for final determination» (4:59). And Allah The Almighty said: Almighty said: .r._t",] '.LJlr" ~ ,,? u E F}l't}t JT .['.-ryr{+itT lB,Ai ~ 4..i ~ii.' uj} '1(.. Jt 4$. ~~ ,.... .0 ' ~ 0'10. B. <<Whatever be wherein ye differ, the decision thereof is «Whatever itit wherein differ, decision with Allah> (42:10). Allah» (42:10). Referring this issue back to the Book of Allah, we find it issue to of Allah, find it ordaining upon us to follow the Messengerof Allah (peacebe us follow Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in his Commandments and warns us against what Commandments us against what everhe prohibits. Furthermoreit tells us that Allah has perfected ever prohibits. Furthermore it tells us that Allah has perfected 8
  • 10. the religion for the people. So, as long as Milad is not among the religion for the people. So, as long as Milad is not among the teachings of the Prophet (peacebe upon him), it cannot be a the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him), it cannot be a part of the religion which Allah has perfected for us and asked part of the religion which Allah has perfected for us and asked us to adhere to by following the Prophet. us to adhere to by following the Prophet. Again when we refer this issue back to the Sunnah, of the Again when we refer this issue back to the Sunnah, of the Messengerof Allah (peacebe upon him), we do not find either Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), we do not find either the Prophet or the companions doing it by themselves ask- the Prophet or the Companions doing it by themselves or ask- or ing others to do it, So it becomesevident that Milad, is ing others to do it, So it becomes evident that Milad, is not a a part of religion, rather one of innovations and part of religion, rather one of innovations and blind immitation immitation of the people of the book, i. e. the Jews and the Christians of the people of the book, i. e. the Jews and the Christians in their festivals. with this argument their festivals. With this argument in mind, it becomes crystal- becomescrystal- clear for everyonehaving the least insight and clear for everyone having the least insight and inclination to- wards truth and justice, that celebratingany wards truth and justice, that celebrating any birthday has noth- has ing do Islam. It is rather among the innovations ing to do with Islam. It is rather among the innovations which and Messenger(peacebe upon Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) warned against warned against emphatically. emphatically. wise man must A wise man must not be deceived by seeing a large number be deceived seeing large number of people doing of people doing it throughout the world because the truth is the because known and recognized by the evidences of Shari'a and not by and recognized the evidencesof the acts of a great number of people. the acts of a great number of people. Allah Ta'ala «the AlmightyD saysregarding the Jewsand the <the Almighty» says regarding Jews Christians: Christians: 'tti i|"r ti rstl u {r rqii ,trx I jtrijF {&i* F ol&;i-rt,i ji ni}-oi .r'Tr s! <<And «And they say: None shall enter Paradiseunlesshe be a Jew, say: enter Paradise unless he be Jew, or a Christian, those are their vain desires.Say: Produce your those desires. Say: your proof if ye are truthful> (2:l I l). proof if are truthful» (2:111). And the Almighty also said: And Almighty said: .uJ L".. ." '!jd $I ,.. " ;/. l. l. &r,p,f~ ~.1 ..~ u,j,iij u fi'g~ oLjF 0,.. 0 . 0'1 . ." "U:--I ~ ~"~ " ~ ~".I'J e ~.:.Y'.r ~r 9
  • 11. 'oV .[ 1:1] fuok[ {l e ir:'{l oie o! (wert thou to follow the common run of those on earth, they «wert to follow run of those on earth, they wilt lead thee away from the way of Allah. They follow nothing will thee from of Allah. follow nothing but conjecture:They do nothing but lie> (6:l16). conjecture: nothing lie» (6: 116). of these innovations, in to Most of these innovations, in addition to their innovatory nature, also usually escape from a number of other evils, nature, also do not usually escape from of evils, such as mixed gatheringsof men and women, songsaccompa- such as gatherings of songs accompa- nied by musical instruments. drinking intoxicants, narcotics nied musical instruments. drinking intoxicants, narcotics and the like. They may also involve the worst thing i. e. the also greatest Shirk, through showing exaggerationin the Messenger greatest showing exaggeration Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and other saints and through of Allah (peace be saints praying to him, invoking his help or believing that he knows believing what is hidden and all similar claims which render a believeras what is hidden and claims render believer as an infidel. It is authentically reported that the Messenger Atlah It authentically reported Messenger of Allah of has said: «Beware of extravagance in the Religion: It has caused has said: <<Beware extravagance the Religion: It has caused of the people before you to perish». He also said: «Do not lavish the people before perish>. also said: <Do lavish praise on me as the Christians did with the son of Maryam. I praise me as the Christians son of am a bondman. So say: of am just a bondman. So Simply say: The bondman of Allah and Messenger>(Transmitted His Messenger» (Transmitted by Bukhari). a great many people partcipate most It is curious to note that a great many people partcipate most It is curious note actively thesecelebrationsand defend them vehemently, actively in these celebrations and defend them vehemently, while they sit back from attending the obligatory forms of worship they sit back attending the worship prayers.They are even ashamedof such as daily and friday prayers. They are not even ashamed of suchas daity and they are a great evil. this, nor do they realize that they are committing a great evil. this, do they realize Undoubtedly, this shows the weakness Undoubtedly, this shows the weakness of their faith, their short-sightedness, the deeply ingrained rust and short-sightedness, and the deeply ingrained rust on their heartshearts ask protection because of sins and disobedience. We ask Allah's protection for because sins and disobedience.We of us and for all the Muslims. us and for all the Muslims. It is even more astonishingto note that some people believe It is even more astonishing to note that some people believe that the Messengerof Allah (peacebe upon him) is presentat that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) is present at Milad. Consequentlythey stand to greet and Welcome him. That Milad. Consequently they stand to greet and Welcome him. That l0 10
  • 12. sheer form of ignorance, as the is not only a sheer lie but a worst form of ignorance, as the Prophet (peacebe upon him) shall niether come out of his grave Prophet (peace be shall niether come of grave before the Day of Resurrection, nor shall he meet the people before of Resurrection, meet people or attend their meetings. Instead, he shall remain in his grave attend meetings. Instead, in grave till of Resurrection rests highest till the Day of Resurrectionwhile his soul rests at the highest of the high with his Lord in the most exalted and highest place. of his Lord exalted highest place. «The Almighty» Says: Allah Ta'ala <The Almighty> Says: ~' '"C 4J.:::: t ~'"'' l:.r Of," '~ r:; EuliJ;,i. ~ FF a ~, . . t . - l t 0,. z ct or, /. .. :. * JJtiJ " , ~ ",,, ~~.lIU " .*t ~ . #t ~ "0,, 0 4a-Jlrl " .." ~ ., | .J!. J- ~ " o~ {i;+ ' " --. .[' 1 - o : Y r ] ""{4J~ . [ "-, 0:"Y"] /" «After that at length ye will die,.again on the Day of Judg- <After length ye will die,. again of Judg- ye be raised up> (23: 15, 16). ment, will ye be raised up» (23: 15, 16). ment, And the prophet (peace be upon him) said: (peace <I am the one rise grave «I am the first one to rise from the grave on the Resurrec- Resurrec- tion Day and I will be the first intercessor and the first one whose be the intercessor whose intercession is to be accepted». intercessionis be accepted>. The aforesaid evidences from the Quran and Hadith prove aforesaid evidences Hadith the dead people will come beyond doubt that the dead people will come out of their graves beyond of graves only on the Day of Resurrection. All the scholars of Is- the Resurrection. All scholars of lam agree upon this. A Muslim should be aware of these things lam agree this. should be aware thesethings and must not be easily misled by the innovations and the super- and must be easilymisled the innovations and the super- stitions created the ignorant people stitions created by the ignorant people with no authority from Allah at all. at As the blessings and greetings(Salat and Salam) As for offering the blessings and greetings (Salat and Salam) prophet (peacebe upon they are among the most to the prophet (peace be upon him), they are among the most the the saying prefered and virtuous deeds in accordance with the saying of prefered and virtuous deeds accordance Allah: ',t- p~ ~~r ~4 ~r Js. ~),,~ ~:j. j wr ~l» g,r: ,v ut+ r6Jx'i i1b airi - ,l trstt3r#T "'~ ,.~r" . J ~ i~ .[0" :Y"Y"] ""{ .." .r-:- " ,," .1" A 11 ll
  • 13. <Allah and His Angels send blessingson the Prophet, O ye «Allah and His Angels send blessings on the Prophet, 0 ye that believe, send ye blessingson that believe, send ye blessings on him, and salute him with all and salute all respect> (33:56). respect» (33:56). The Prophet (peacebe upon The Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: has said: <Whosoever sends blessingson me one time, «Whosoever sends blessings on me one time, Allah sends sends blessings blessings on him ten times». ten times>. It is prescribed times, particulary at the end It is prescribed on all times, particulary at the end of each each prayer. It is held prayer. It is held obligatory at last «Tashahud» of each prayer at last <Tashahud> each prayer most by most of the scholars. It is strongly required at a number of the scholars. is strongly required at a number occasionssuch as immediately occasions such as immediately after «Adhan», at the mention <<Adhan>>, the mention the name the Prophet (Peacebe upon of the name of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), during the during the day and the preceding according a host day of Friday and the night preceding it according to a host of Ahadith. is wanted emphasizeregarding this issue. hope This is what I wanted to emphasize regarding this issue. I hope satisfy everyone it will satisfy everyone whom Allah has shown the light. has shown the sad is seesome devoted Muslims, How sad it is to see some devoted Muslims, known for their strenght of the Prophet (peacebe strenght of faith and love for the Prophet (peace be upon him). organizing such organizing such innovatory celebrations. celebrations. us ask such people: Let us ask such people: Tell us, if you belong to Ahl - as - us, if belong Ahl as Sunna (peace Sunna and follow the Prophet (peace be upon him), whether he whether he himself or one of his Companions or their Successors did this one of his Companions Successors or is it no more than a blind following of the enemies of Islam of enemiesof from among the jews and the Christians and the like?». among the jews the Christians like?>>. The love of the Prophet (peacebe upon him) is not reflected of Prophet (peace be reflected by the celebration on his birthday, but by obeying him, believ- celebration obeying believ- ing in his teachings,keepingaway from what he prohibited and teachings, keeping away from he by worshipping Allah in the way he prescribed for us. Allah the he prescribed for us. It is also reflected through offering Salat and Salam to him It also reflected Salat Salam from time to time, particularly at the mention of his name and from of name during prayers. prayers. The Wahhabiyya, as the writer tends to put it, are not new Wahhabiyya, as tends are new t2 12
  • 14. in rejectingall such innovations.Their creedis to hold fast in rejecting all such innovations. Their creed is to hold fast to the Book of Allah and the Sunnahqf His Messenger the Book of Allah and the Sunnah Qf His Messenger (Peace be (Peacebe upon him): to follow his footsteps and those of his rightly guid- upon him): to follow his footstepsand those his rightly guid- ed successors: believeand practisewhat was propoundedby ed successors: to believe and practise what was propounded by to the virtuous predecessors the Imams the virtuous predecessors and the Imams of learning and guid- and learning and guid- ancewho werecapable issuereligiousinjunction concerning ance who were capable to issue religious injunction concerning the knowledgeof Allah, and His attributes perfection and the knowledge of Allah, and His attributes of perfection and dignity as shown in the Glorious Book and the authentictradi- dignity as shown in the Glorious Book and the authentic tradi- tions the Prophet and as wholeheartedlyaccepted his tions of the Prophet and as wholeheartedly accepted by his companions.The Wahhabiyya believe them, the way they are companions. The Wahhabiyya believe in them, the way they are reported without any alteration, personification, examplify- reported without any alteration, personification, examplify- ing or negation suchattributes.They stick the way suc- ing or negation of such attributes. They stick to the way of suc- cessors and their followers among the people learning, cessors and their followers from among the people of learning, and piety. They believe faith and piety. They believe that the foundation of the faith the the is bear witness there is none be worshippedexcept is to bear witness that there is none to be worshipped except Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. To them, this them, this is the root faith and one its most exaltedbranches well. is the root of faith and one of its most exalted branches as well. as They accordance They know in accordance with the consensus of the mus- the consensus the mus- of lims, that this requiresknowledge,acknowledgement lims, that this root requires knowledge, acknowledgement and and practice. practice. implies that none is be worshipped except It implies that none is to be worshipped except Allah the has associates Almighty. Who has no associates at all. It further implies the lt implies negation worshipping any other except negation of worshipping any other except Him. It shows why shows jinn and mankind were created; jinn and mankind were created; why the Messengers the Messengers were sent were sent and the Books were revealed. and why the Books were revealed. addition, Ibada (worship)is In addition, Ibada (worship) is not only completesubmission complete submission and love also complete obedience and love but also complete obedienceand veneration as well. veneration as Islam Islam is the only religion prescribedby Alrah and disseminated prescribed Allah disseminated by the prophets and nothing, save it, is acceptable to Allah the prophets and save acceptable Allah past present. one submits will whether in the past or the present.The one who submits his will whether to Allah as to Allah as well as to someoneelse beside Him is a Mushrik as someone else beside Him Mushrik l3 13
  • 15. <potytheist>. The same is true for the one who prays to Allah «polytheist». The same is true for the one who prays to Allah and someone else beside Him. As for the one who does not and someone else beside Him. As for the one who does not submit to Him, he is arrogant concerninghis duties towards his submit to Him, he is arrogant concerning his duties towards his Creator. Creator. Allah the Almighty Says: Allah the Almighty Says: r,+r; rtr i'J~T oi.tpi yi rf e w; iitjF ;#j Wi rrcr~ ~~J ~i i J ~ .tiJj» ..[~i:'i]~~~i [r1: 1] 4er-ili <For we assuredlysent amongst every people a Messenger, «For assuredly sent amongst every people Messenger, (with the Command) <ServeAllah and eschewEvil> (16:36)' the Command) «Serve and eschew Evil» (16:36). Thus the creed of the wahhabiyya is baseduqon fulfillment Thus the creed of wahhabiyya based u~on fulfillment of witnessingthat Muhammad is the Messenger Allah and of witnessing Muhammad is the Messenger of of and completely abandoning all innovations, superstitions and what- completelyabandoning innovations, superstitions ever goesagainst the Shari'a. ever goes againstthe Shari'a. This is what Shaikh Muhammad ben Wahhab - may This is what Shaikh Muhammad ben Abdul Wahhab - may - believed and invited others to be- Allah have mercy upon him - believedand invited others be- have mercy upon lieve. Whoever accredits to him anything contrary to it, does lieve. Whoever accredits anything contrary does commits a great sin and claims not only lie but commits a great sin and claims what not only lie is totally what is totally unfounded. will, doubt, receive haspromised unfounded. He will, no doubt, receive what Allah has promised what to all the fabricators of lies. all the fabricators lies. The Shaikh has shown through a series his well - known The Shaikh has shown - through a series of his well - known and scholarlybooks on the topic the <Declaration treatises and scholarly books on the topic of the «Declaration of treatises unity: La ilaha ill' Allah. - that no one deserves worship except Unity: La ilaha ill' Allah. - that no one deserves worship except Allah the Almighty and that this type of worship should be Allah the Almighty and that this type of worship should be devoidof all sortsof SHIRK whetherbig or small. Anyone who devoid of all sorts of SHIRK whether big or small. Anyone who is aware of these writings, his way of preachingand calling is aware of these writings, his way of preaching and calling peopleto Allah and of the way of his pupils and disciples, people to Allah and of the way of his pupils and disciples, can can easilyfind out that his approach was not different from that of easily find out that his approach was not different from that of our virtuous predecessors, great Imams of learningand guid- our virtuous predecessors, the great Imams of learning and guid- the ance.Indeed,he has propoundedwhat they did throughout their ance. Indeed, he has propounded what they did throughout their lives concerning the worship of Allah Alone and Ieaving all lives concerning the worship of Allah Alone and leaving all t4 14
  • 16. innovations and superstitions aside. innovations and superstitionsaside. the Saudi regime and this view is This is the foundation of the Saudi regime and this view is is the held by the scholars of Saudi Arabia. The hard attitude shown held the scholars Saudi Arabia. The hard attitude shown Saudi government is directed by the Saudi government is directed only against the supersti- against the supersti- tions and innovations in contradication with Islam, or the ex- and innovations contradication Islam, the ex- treme type of extravagance which is totally prohibited by the treme type of extravagancewhich is the Prophet (Peace upon him). Prophet (Peace be upon him). All Muslims, Scholars and rulers be Muslims, Scholars and rulers Saudi great respectand love of Saudi Arabia hold great respect and love for every Muslim every regardless his any country the regardless of his affiliation to any group or country in the world. types of celebration gatheringswhich are They do reject all types of celebration or gatherings which are reject based on innovation, with no authority from Allah or His based innovation, Prophet. They oppose them because every new matter in the Prophet. They oppose them becauseevery new matter the religion is an innovation and because the Muslims are com- religion is an innovation and becausethe Muslims are com- manded to follow, not to innovate. Islam is perfect and com- manded innovate. is and com- plete plete by itself. It is in no need of any addition after what Allah and His is need any addition after what and Prophet have ordained and what the Ahl-al-Sunnah Wal' Prophet have ordained and what the Ahl-al-Sunnah Jama'at, from among the Companions, the Successors and their Jama'at, among the Companions,the Successors their and followers have already received. To forbid celebrating the followers have already received. celebrating the birthday of the Prophet due to its innovative nature in addition the Prophet due its innovative nature to the sings of extravagance and Shirk normally associated with the singsof extravagance and Shirknormally associated is un-Islamic orderogatory Prophet (peacebe upon it, is not un-Islamic orderogatory to the Prophet (peace be upon obedienceas the Prophet (peace him). Instead, it is an act of obedience as the Prophet (peace Instead, is an act be upon him) himself said: «Be ware of the extravagance in be said: <<Be ware of extravagance matters of religion. Those before have perishedbecause matters of religion. Those before you have perished because of of extravagance the matters extravagance in the matters of religion». religion>. Again he said: lavish praise Again he said: Do not lavish praise on me as the Christians me as the Christians the son Maryam. am a bondman. So simply did with the son of Maryam. I am but a bondman. So simply say: «Slave of Allah and His Messenger». say: <Slave and Messenger>. is wanted regarding the aforesaid This is what I wanted to point out regarding the aforesaid article. article. May Allah help us and all the Muslims to understand His help us and the Muslims understand l5 15
  • 17. religion, to continually confirm us on it, stick to Sunnah and religion, continually us stick Sunnah and keep away the innovation. Indeed is Generous and Kind. keepaway from the innoVation.IndeedHe is Generous and Shower blessings and mercy upon our And May Allah Shower His blessings and mercy upon prophet Muhammad, his posterity and his Companions. prophet Muhammad, his posterity and his Companions. ABDUL AZIZ ABDULLAH ABDUL AZIZ BIN ABDULLAH BIN BAZ GENERAL PRESIDENT, CENERAL THE PRESIDENCY OF ISLAMIC RESEARCH, PRESIDENCY ISLAMIC RESEARCH, DAWA AND INSTRUCTION. IFTA, DAWA AND INSTRUCTION. Translatedfrom Arabic by: Muhammad RaquibuddinHussain, Translated Arabic Muhammad Raquibuddin Hussain, and Suhaib Hasan Abdul Ghaffar. and Suhaib Hasan Ghaffar. l6 16
  • 18. .ii,~ ~ j1J'1'~ ,j~ ~, 8l.lp i,{ }.Ftl+ rjlr 411 TlA,t ,. A,' . j1J'1'~ /l-lr.$t ~ JoU-lJ UI ~Jj ..."y:J ~.AJ' cr rJll.l Ul 1rjjl q.Ft J e+ r t... ..." #lJ+l ~".,J' el;lr| tuhll irUJt .ftlrtt - jl+ U iit.rp d,{t gFJl ..:J'J'~1 ~WI 4,.,U)1 ~~)I - j~ ~ .ii,~ ~I It t ,,' )UJ 1'J i~"""J ,,1:j1'J .,.wI r tttr rt$;]13 r1rdll rbi!|, ioirlt wi' tt ,f l .Jw ~ ~J .Jlrt dl .ilr .~~"l'~~ '&ili.Il irlll{ ~'~I -i itlgll -i ~U;"I'J bjt -t rts;]t1 Jill.J' -
  • 19. LAWW e 6lr zV,4L- ifrutJ4 ~.J~ ,a,;r,t',,-fffi uL r,:u rt^jtlr .,t ,L1u~;/.J~J0v',0 I. ':~o)IJV;;'WI..:.: ..AJI iijlb;ot+til6 furittuJt -rth-,tgl :- JL.:~ tJLiUt :iJ A't',. at t tt,
  • 20. 6: zv,i:tL- i/ia'*ut ~.J~ ;-:it GjJ -ot ,L1v~;/J~J0UI,0 ;. ":.60JI,U';'[,J!.:..::AJ,t t1t ut,f)'r,6 utt fJ-t rl t: tJ.J t ; U *V/ a€ilb{ot+l16 -i)r - ,;'l'll laPt "rJt I a - . , tJliUt r t f

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