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Internet Governance Backround


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Background on Internet Governance presented during the Kenya National IGF conference in Nairobi.

Background on Internet Governance presented during the Kenya National IGF conference in Nairobi.

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    • 1. What is internet governance and why should we care? 14 th October 2008, Kenya IGF Jacaranda Hotel, Nairobi Brian Munyao Longwe Vice-Chairman, KENIC
    • 2. Personal Background
      • 16 years in Information Technology
      • Chief Technology Officer and Head of Technical Department for 3 different ISPs for 10 years
        • Form-Net Africa: 1995-1997
        • Mission Aviation Fellowship Information Services: 1997-1999
        • ISPKenya: 1999-2005
      • Involved in early days of ICANN
        • Part of team that drafted “Best Practices for CCTLD Managers in 2001”
      • East African Director of African Network Information Centre - AfriNIC
      • General Manager, African Internet Service Providers Association
      • Chairman, KICTANET
      • Vice-Chairman, KENIC
    • 3. Origins of the Internet Governance Forum
      • WSIS - Geneva, 2003
      • WSIS - Tunisia, 2005
      • Endorsement of Global Internet Governance Forum - Tunis, 2005
      • IGF 1: Athens, Greece, 2006
      • IGF 2: Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, November 2007
      • IGF 3: Hyderabad, India, December 2008
      • IGF 4: Egypt
      • IGF 5: TBD
    • 4. What is Internet Governance?
      • The Blind Men & The Elephant
    • 5. WSIS IG Declarations
      • The Internet has evolved into a global facility available to the public and its governance should constitute a core issue of the Information Society agenda. The international management of the Internet should be multilateral, transparent and democratic, with the full involvement of governments, the private sector, and civil society and international Organizations.
      • Internet management should ensure an equitable distribution of resources, facilitate access for all and ensure a stable and secure functioning of the Internet, taking into account multilingualism. Furthermore, Internet governance is an essential element for a people-centred, inclusive, development oriented and non-discriminatory Information Society.
      • There is need to build confidence and security in the use of ICTs by strengthening the trust framework, while enhancing the protection of personal information and data. The Summit called upon governments, in cooperation with other stakeholders to develop necessary legislation for the investigation and prosecution of cyber crime.
    • 6. WSIS IG Declarations
      • Internet Governance includes more than Internet naming and addressing. It also includes other significant public policy issues such as, inter alia , critical Internet resources, the security and safety of the Internet, and developmental aspects and issues pertaining to the use of the Internet, and that Internet Governance includes social, economic and technical issues including affordability, reliability and quality of service. Further, there are many cross-cutting international public policy issues that require attention and are not adequately addressed by the current mechanisms.
      • There is need to initiate, and reinforce, as appropriate, a transparent, democratic, and multilateral process, with the participation of governments, private sector, civil society and international organizations, in their respective roles. This process could envisage creation of a suitable framework or mechanisms, where justified, thus spurring the ongoing and active evolution of the current arrangements in order to synergize the efforts in this regard; and that any Internet Governance approach should be inclusive and responsive and should continue to promote an enabling environment for innovation, competition and investment.
    • 7. The Emerging Internet Reality
      • The global economy is increasingly conducted & controlled over the Internet
      • The Digital Divide:
        • Reality of Africa’s limited access to the Net
        • Marginal participation in the global economy
    • 8. Copyright/IP Issues
      • [Paris, France - July 2008]
      • EBay said it would appeal a French court ’s order that it pay 38.6 million euros ($60.8 million) in damages to the French luxury goods company LVMH, the latest round in a long-running legal battle over the sale of counterfeit goods on the Internet…………….. The court ruled Monday that eBay, which earns a commission on the sales, was not doing enough to stamp out counterfeit sales.
    • 9. Interconnection
      • Most African countries get Internet Connectivity by transit through an overseas ISP
    • 10. Explosive Mobile Growth in Africa
    • 11. IGF Activities
      • Workshops, Best Practice Forums, Open Forums and meetings of the Dynamic Coalitions.
      • e.g.
        • The StopSpamAlliance
        • Dynamic Coalition on Privacy
        • The IGF Dynamic Coalition on Open Standards (IGF DCOS)
        • The Dynamic Coalition on Access and Connectivity for Remote, Rural and Dispersed Communities
        • Dynamic Coalition on the Internet Bill of Rights
        • Dynamic Coalition for Linguistic Diversity
    • 12. IGF Activities
      • 2008 IGF has invited workshops in the following thematic areas:
        • Universalization of the Internet - How to reach the next billion (Expanding the Internet)
        • Low cost sustainable access
        • Multilingualization
        • Implications for development policy
        • Managing the Internet (Using the Internet)
        • Critical Internet resources
        • Arrangements for Internet governance
        • Global cooperation for Internet security and stability
        • Taking stock and the way forward
        • Emerging issues
    • 13. IGF Schedule
      • The Summit tasked the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) to make an overall review of the implementation of WSIS outcomes in 2015 .
      • Should Kenya consider bidding to host an IGF between now and then?
    • 14. Ahsanteni Sana!