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Evolution Project- The Bicycle
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Evolution Project- The Bicycle

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  • 1. By: Assunta De Pau and Matt Owens T-202 7th period
  • 2. What is a bicycle? A bicycle is a two wheeled vehicle that is moved with pedals, which are attached to the wheels with a gear and chain. You steer the bike with handlebars.
  • 3. Timeline of the Bicycle o 1790-Comte Mede de Sivrac (France) • First contraption to resemble a bike • No pedals or steering • Called a Celerifere, it was a wooden scooter-like vehicle o 1816-Baron Karl von Drais de Sauerbrun (Germany) • Steering mechanism was added to the celerifere • This new vehicle is called a Draisienne http://bicycling.about.com/od/thebikelife/ss/History.htm http://daddytypes.com/archive/draisien.gif
  • 4. Timeline (Continued) o 1839-Kirkpatrick Macmillan (Scotland) • The bike is now propelled by pedals and rods that alternate moving to propel the bike(almost like a train) • This bicycle weighed 57 pounds!! • The frame was wooden and the wood wheels had iron rims http://bicycling.about.com/od/thebikelif e/ss/History_2.htm
  • 5. Timeline (Continued) o 1858-1863- Pierre and Ernest Michaux (France) • New bicycle was called a Velocipede or “Bone Shaker” • Had a larger front wheel because people believed a larger wheel would allow you to move faster • This velocipede had cranks and pedals that propelled it like a tricycle o 1868-Pierre Lallement (France) • Took Pierre and Ernest’s idea to the United States • Received a patent for this new bicycle • The bike had a stiff iron frame and wooden wheels with an iron rim
  • 6. http://www.rcommunitybikes.net/rcbimages/cyc_boneshaker.jpg http://bicycling.about.com/od/thebikelife/ss/History_3.htm Velocipede
  • 7. Timeline (Continued) o 1869-Eugene Meyer (France) • Wire wheels with spokes o 1870-1876 • Bikes made entirely out of metal • Now using solid rubber tires and long spokes for the front wheel • The “High Wheeler” is a new bike in the US and Europe http://bicycling.about.com/od/thebikelife/ss/History_4.htm http://www.pedalinghistory.com/P Hhistory.html
  • 8. Timeline (Continued) o 1885-John Kemp Starley (England) • He creates a basic design for a bicycle • The design includes… ○ 2 wheels of the same size ○ Sprocket and chain system ○ Inflated rubber tires http://bicycling.about.com/od/thebikelife/ss/History_5.htm
  • 9. Timeline (Continued) o 1889 • Pneumatic rubber tire is created o 1890 • Mass production of the “Safety Bicycle” o 1894 • Bamboo bicycles are manufactured o 1895-Ignatz Schwinn and Adolph Arnold • They formed the “Arnold, Schwinn & Company” • Started producing bicycles http://www.ibike.org/library/history-timeline.htm http://www.pedalinghistory.com/PHhistory.html
  • 10. Timeline (Continued) o 1920 • Kids bikes are created after WWI o 1950-1970 • English 3-speed bicycle o 1970 • 10-speed derailleur bikes o 1977-Joe Breeze, Otis Guy, Gary Fisher, and Craig Mitchell (California) • Mountain bike prototype is created http://www.pedalinghistory.com/PHhistory.html http://www.gasolinealleyantiques.com/kits/images/Motorcycle/ mpc-schwinn.JPG
  • 11. Timeline (Continued) o 20??(future) • New bicycle may come out • Features include: ○ Battery assisted motor ○ Run by solar panels ○ Plays music ○ Puncture proof self inflating tires ○ Mini-computer to show calories burned, etc. • Cost: ○ If sold right now it would cost around $771,350 ○ If sold after being mass produced cost would be around $3,085 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/cycling/ 6010317/Intelligent-bicycle-of-the-future- unveiled.html
  • 12. How was the bike made?  The original bicycle was made by hand, using wooden parts  As time passed improvements were made because society was evolving and becoming more technologically advanced  New methods and materials were used because it made the bike cheaper and easier to manufacture
  • 13. Major Improvements  1816- Steering  1863- Pedals added  1870- The first all metal bike is manufactured  1879- Chain-driven bike is patented  1890- Gears added to bicycles  1894- Bikes made lighter by using bamboo  1984- More complex gears allow bikes to have up to 24 speeds  2002- 30 speed gears
  • 14. Who uses the bike?  1817- Everyday people begin to use bikes  1863- Bikes become popular once more, mostly in cities  1870- The high wheeler become popular with wealthier people because of its expensive metal frame  1890- The cheaper safety bike allows common people to take up biking  1894- The first bike messengers are employed due to a railway strike which stopped mail delivery  1920- The kids bike is introduced, greatly expanding the biking community  1958-1978- Bicycle boom
  • 15. Bicycle Boom  1958- Women first race in the World Championships  1962- People begin using bikes for recreation and fitness  1970- Bicycles become popular modes of transportation due to awareness of pollution, especially around college campuses  1973-1978- Rising gas prices cause people to use bikes as transportation
  • 16. Effects on Society  Walking and horses were replaced by the use of the bicycle as personal transportation  The bicycle created a faster paced society  Bikes helped enforce the concept of gender equality because bike manufacturers began marketing to women  Women’s clothing styles continued to evolve to accommodate lifestyle changes due to the growing popularity of bicycles among women  Due to their maneuverability the military incorporated the bicycle into their operations
  • 17. Effects on Environment  When bicycles were first invented there was not much impact on the environment because bicycles do not give off pollution  In the 1970’s pollution became a growing issue and bicycles became more popular  Bicycles are used as an alternative today because of expensive gas prices and environmental concerns
  • 18. Works Cited  Advameg, Inc. , . (2010). Bicycle. Retrieved from http://www.madehow.com/Volume-2/Bicycle.html  EnchantedLearning.com, Initials. (2010). Invention of the bicycle. Retrieved from http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/page/b/bicycle.shtml  Ewen-Campen, B. (2003, October 3). The Modernizing effects of the bicycle. Retrieved from http://fubini.swarthmore.edu/~ENVS2/S2003/Bewenca1/Ben_Third_Essay.htm  Exploratorium, . (n.d.). Science of cycling: timeline. Retrieved from http://www.exploratorium.edu/cycling/timeline.html  Fiedler, D. (2010). Bikes: an illustrated history. Retrieved from http://bicycling.about.com/od/thebikelife/ss/History.htm  Mozer, D. (2010). Bicycle history timeline. Retrieved from http://www.ibike.org/library/history-timeline.htm  Otto, S. (2009, August 12). 'intelligent' bicycle of the future unveiled. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/sport/othersports/cycling/6010317/Intelligent-bicycle-of-the-future-unveiled.html  Ratnikas, A. (2010). Timelines-bicycle. Retrieved from http://timelinesdb.com/listevents.php?subjid=210&dayinhist=0&date1=- 99999999999&date2=99999999999&words=&title=Bicycle&fromrec=0