Now that we have defined medical education, we move to the discussion of the traditional methods of medical education, what we term as Medical Education 1.0. In this form of education, there are the traditional classroom lectures. Knowledge is acquired from books. Students learn with paper/pencil. Aside from these traditional methods, we also have Medical Education as seen in the context of Web 1.0. Most medical education resources are in the form of Web 1.0. What does this mean? This means the information is static, bottlenecked by one updater, out of date often, and experience constant broken links. An example is RedAtlas.Org, a
A Web 2.0 site allows users to interact and collaborate with each other in a social media dialogue as creators (prosumers) of user-generated content in a virtual community, in contrast to websites where users (consumers) are limited to the passive viewing of content that was created for them. Examples of Web 2.0 include social networking sites, blogs, wikis, video sharing sites, hosted services, web applications, mashups and folksonomies.
Medical education is education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor (i.e.medical school and internship) or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship). Medicine 2.0: Medicine 2.0 is the use of a specific set of Web tools (blogs, Podcasts, tagging, search, wikis, etc) by actors in health care including doctors, patients, and scientists, using principles of open source and generation of content by users, and the power of networks in order to personalize health care, collaborate, and promote health education.
Medical Education Seminar Series Isabella Lai and Shawn Lin Rohit Talreja and Janelle Teng November 30, 2011
• Seen in many forms • Medical School: pre-clinical / clinical years • Internships, Residency, Fello wship • Patient Education • Interprofessional education • Education in any field of healthcare
Focus of presentation on Medical Education, as defined as: Medical Education: an education related to the practice of being a medical practitioner, either the initial training to become a doctor (i.e. medical school and internship) or additional training thereafter (e.g., residency and fellowship).
• Medical Education 1.0 • Traditional classroom lectures • Books • Paper/Pencil• Medical Education on Web 1.0 • Most medical education resources are Web 1.0 • Static • Bottlenecked by one updater • Out of date often • Broken links• Examples • RedAtlas.Org
75% of internet users used “Social Media” in 2008.Every minute, more than 24 hours of video is uploaded to Youtube.Wikipedia has more than 17 million articles and 91,000 active contributors.Facebook currently has 800+million users, giving it the 3rd largest population in the world, behind only India and China.
• Web 2.0 is associated with web applications that facilitate participatory information sharing, interoperability, user- centered design, and collaboration on the World Wide Web.
• Playful • Games / Virtual worlds• Expressive • Media design / sharing / publication• Reflective • Blogs / social networks / wikis• Exploratory • Syndication / recommenders
Medical Education 2.0: Education that is related to becoming a medical practioner (medical school, internship, residency, fellowship). In addition to traditional methods of education, his new revolution in education makes use a specific set of Web tools to allow learners and educators in the health professionuse principles of open source and generation of content by users, and the power of networks in order to personalize health care, collaborate, and promote healtheducation. Furthermore, it takes advantage of current technology to tailor to theindividual learner, provide new methods of education, with the goal of enhancing the experience with medical education.
This method of education will take on various aspects of a learner’s personality• Playful • Games – simulation technology , virtual anatomy, robots • Virtual Worlds – 2nd life but for medical practioners• Expressive • Media design - creating artwork with photoshop • Sharing – online medium for sharing • Wikis/Publication – publishing to online journals• Reflective • Blogs • Social networks• Exploratory • Syndication • Recommenders
• Advantages and Disadvantages (discussion) Advantages Disadvantages
• Advantages • Education for the new generation of learners. • “Distinct expectations of education that involves learning which is personalized, accessible on demand, and available at any time, at any place, or any pace” • More participatory experience of learning • Greater transparency, opportunities for access, and debate
• Disadvantages • Heightened disengagement • Alienation and disconnection of learners • Detrimental effect of web 2.0 on traditional skills / literacy • Incapability of independent critical thought due to “Googling” • Misuse of resources
Medical Education 2.0, but what aspect? WIKIS!Ophthalmology Particular aim at a small niche Receptive
“To facilitate the free sharing of up-to-date knowledge which is relevant to the ophthalmology community.”
Ophthalmology organizationsAAPOS ARVO 20,000 ophthalmologistsASCRS AAO in the USJCAHPO ORBIS ESEC AGS
Medical • Learn about eye diseaseStudents • Explore the ophthalmology field • Upload and share casesResidents • Connect with colleagues • Use as teaching resourceAttendings
Open source case library• Attractive, simple, and easy to navigate• Anyone can contribute, with option to be “verified” through .edu address• Cases curated by a panel of volunteer editors• Fully searchable by: patient presentation, diagnosis, treatment, age, etc.• Rich media capability for images and video
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