Safe Zone Ally Workshop adapted for Notre Dame College


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This is the PowerPoint presentation for Notre Dame College's Safe Zone Workshop adapted from Case Western Reserve's Safe Zone Ally Workshop.

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  • Two spirit- or berdache was a term created in 1990 in Winnipeg during the third annual inter-tribal Native American/First Nations gay and lesbian conference, to describe Native Americans who fulfill one of many mixed gender roles found traditionally among many Native Americans and Canadian First Nations indigenous groups.
  • Facilitator Notes:
    The key words in this definition are “Enduring” and “Attraction.”
  • Facilitator Notes:
    Gay refers to both men and women who are attracted to persons of the same sex.

    Lesbian is the term used for women who are romantically and sexually attracted to other women. Note: contemporary women often use the term gay .

    Pansexuality (also referred to as pans), or omnisexuality[1] is a sexual orientation, characterized by the potential for aesthetic attraction, romantic love, or sexual desire towards people, regardless of their gender identity or biological sex.

    Polysexuality refers to people who are attracted to more than one gender or sex but do not wish to identify as bisexual because it implies that there are only two binary genders or sexes.

    Asexuality (also known as nonsexuality[1]) in its broadest sense, describes lack of sexual attraction,[2][3] or interest in or desire for sex.[4] Sometimes, it is considered a lack of a sexual orientation.[5] One commonly cited study placed the incidence rate of asexuality at 1%.[6]
  • Facilitator Notes:
    Before I reveal the answer to answer #1 I ask participants what they have heard cause sexual orientation, shout out the reasons, even if they don’t believe it themselves.

    Before I reveal the answer to #2, I ask participants t o reflect on a specific time they felt attracted to someone. I ask them to think about whether that feeling of attraction felt ll ike a choice.

    It is important to realize that there are probably numerous factors that may determine sexual orientation and those factors may also be different from person to person.

    The more important question is: why would it matter if it were a choice? Assuming that this would be a problem indicates a lingering belief that being LGBT would be a bad thing, a quality one should not choose.
  • Facilitator Notes:

    3.) Reparative therapy seeking to change sexual orientation is not endorsed by the AMA or APA and is outlawed in NJ and CA
    Furthermore, there is no reason why we should be trying to change sexual orientation. Being LGBTQ is not an illness, and does not require treatment. Gay, lesbian, and bisexual people may seek psychological help to deal with the coming out process or to deal with prejudice, but most go into therapy for the same life issues that straight people seek help with.

    4.) Homosexuality was removed from the DSM in the early 1970’s
  • Groups of 3- write on newsprint
    Think about Policy
    Same gender guests
    Anxiety around
    Tradition- Heterocentric
  • “No one is born a woman or a man—rather, as the saying goes “one becomes one”….
  • “No one is born a woman or a man—rather, as the saying goes “one becomes one”….
    Not all people who might fall into this category will use this terminology to describe themselves.
    Avoid seeking or attaching labels to persons for whom those labels are not appropriate or comfortable.
    Always ASK patients how they define themselves, and respect and USE their preferred self-definitions and pronouns
    Patients may want or need to refer to their gender in one way in one part of a clinical setting, and differently in places.
  • Transgender refers to a variety of individuals, behaviors and groups involving deviation from the gender norm.

    Transvestites enjoy cross dressing and looking like a convincing woman on occasions, but they basically value their masculinity and enjoy, during the rest of their life, the pursuits and interests traditionally associated with being male. Transvestites are divided between heterosexuals and gays in the same proportion as the rest of the male population, which means many are happily married with children.

  • Don’t ask what someone’s “real” name is, or where they are in their transition.

    Discuss how these aren’t hard and fast rules, but need to be applied on a case by case basis
  • Facilitator Notes:
    Pass out the Trans umbrella and give participants time to look it over. Ask if they have any questions and then review any of the terms that they don’t understand.

    Note that these terms are academic and not all people who fall in these categories identify or use the term “trans” for themselves

    The belief/insistence that trans women are not “real women”
    The belief/insistence that trans men are not “real” men
    The belief/insistence that non-binary genders are invalid
    The belief/insistence that transsexual people are gay people in denial and wish to have sex reassignment surgery to attempt to restore ‘heteronormativity’
    The refusal to acknowledge a trans person’s true gender
    Refusal to use the correct name for a trans person
    Repeated and deliberate mis-gendering of trans people
    Exclusion of trans people from activities, services or conversations.

    Transgender peopled are confused, if not mentally ill
    Transsexuals are frauds
    That a transgender woman is really a gay man who cannot come to terms with “his” same-sex desires
  • Safe Zone Ally Workshop adapted for Notre Dame College

    1. 1. SAFE ZONE ALLY WORKSHOP FACILITATED BY: Bill Neater, Director of Preforming Arts Brandi Hoffman, Graduate Hall Director Karl, Dean of Student Affairs & Sr. Title IX Coordinator Tera Johnson, Director of Residence Life & Student Conduct & Title IX Coordinator Sue Lipiec, Director of the Counseling Center
    2. 2. LGBTQ @ NOTRE DAME COLLEGE • Visit the Counseling Center’s Webpage services/counseling-center/LGBT Or • Visit the NDC LGBTQ blog 3
    3. 3. WHAT IS SAFE ZONE 4 • The initial chapter was founded on the campus of Ball State University in 1992. • Since that time "safe programs" have been established on college campuses throughout the country and are known by a variety of names which include, but are not limited to: Safe Space, Safe Harbor and Safe on Campus. • Safe Zone is generally it is an “ally” training program intended to provide knowledge, reflection and skills to those on campus who want to become a visible ally to the LGBTQ community
    4. 4. WHY ARE WE DOING THIS? • In alignment with the college diversity and inclusion policies • Safe Zone increasingly reflects the student populations values and realities • Increased rate of suicide for LGBT youth • LGBTQ youth 23 and under are 4 times more likely to attempt suicide • More specific reasons why Safe Zone is being brought to NDC • Include the Mission Statement information here.. 5
    5. 5. 6 NOTRE DAME POLICIES NOTRE DAME COLLEGE EMPLOYEE HANDBOOK 2011 • 1.4 Values List • The Values List of the Notre Dame College Community is a code of ethics and values for each member of our community. The primary goal of every person – student, faculty and staff – is the education of students. • To achieve this goal, we commit ourselves to these principles: • Each student, colleague and visitor is of equal worth; • A learning community values truth in all its forms; • The College community honors the dignity of each person; • A community is enhanced by the power that comes from uniqueness; • The interdependence of all positions in a small college makes teamwork essential; • Quality in the basics is the goal in every area; • Imagination and versatility enrich every venture; and • A sense of joy characterizes the Notre Dame College culture.
    6. 6. 6 NOTRE DAME POLICIES • 2.2 Respectful Workplace • Notre Dame College believes in a respectful workplace. A respectful work place is one which promotes acceptance, is committed to diversity and requires respect for dignity and the interests of others. While there are laws and regulations that provide protection against discrimination, the College will go a step farther in creating a respectful workplace. All employees are entitled to work in an environment which stresses acceptance, values diversity, and is free from any form of harassment or bullying.
    7. 7. 7 NOTRE DAME POLICIES 2.1 Equal Employment Opportunity Statement The policy of the College is to maintain a workplace free of unlawful discriminatory practices. In accordance with Federal and state law, Notre Dame College does not discriminate in any term or condition of employment including: hiring, training, compensation, benefits, promotion, transfer, demotion, layoff, discipline, or discharge because of an individual's race, color, creed, age, gender, sexual orientation, religion, national origin, veteran status, physical or mental disability, genetic information or any other basis of prohibited discrimination except when permitted by law to allow selection of Roman Catholics for certain designated positions.
    8. 8. 8 TITLE IX STATEMENT ON NON-DISCRIMINATION: • 3.1. Notre Dame College does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, creed, age, gender, • sexual orientation, religion, national origin, veteran status, physical or mental disability, • genetic information or any other basis of prohibited discrimination its programs and • activities. This policy extends to employment with and admission to the College. The • following person has been designated to handle inquiries regarding the nondiscrimination • policies:
    9. 9. WHAT IS AN ALLY An ally is anyone, regardless of sexual orientation, whose attitude and behavior is anti-heterosexist and who works toward combating homophobia, heterosexism, and transphobia both on a personal and institutional level. 9
    10. 10. THINGS YOU SHOULD KNOW AS AN ALLY Four Basic Levels of Becoming an Ally: 1. Awareness: Explore how you are different from and similar to gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. Gain this awareness through talking with gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people, attending workshops, and self-examination. 2. Knowledge/Education: Begin to understand policies, laws, and practices and how they affect gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. Educate yourself on the many communities and cultures of LGBT people. 3. Skills: This is an area, which is difficult for many people. You must learn to communicate your awareness and knowledge to others. You can acquire these skills by attending workshops, role playing with friends or peers, and developing support connections. 4. Action: This is the most important and frightening step. Despite the fears, action is the only way to affect the society as a whole. 10
    11. 11. BY DISPLAYING A SAFE ZONE EMBLEM YOU AGREE TO: 1. Provide a safe place for LGBTQ individuals to feel free to be themselves. 2. Be understanding and supportive of LGBTQ individuals and anyone else who is seeking information and assistance regarding sexual orientation and/or gender identity/expression. 11
    12. 12. 1.) PROVIDE A SAFE PLACE FOR LGBTQ INDIVIDUALS TO FEEL FREE TO BE THEMSELVES. • Create an environment of inclusion by: a) Addressing homophobic/heterosexist remarks b) Including LGBTQ concerns, topics, whenever appropriate c) Avoid assumption about sexual orientation and gender. d) Using inclusive language (partner, significant other, etc.) e) Articulating that campus communities are enriched by LGBTQ individuals 12
    13. 13. 2.) BE UNDERSTANDING AND SUPPORTIVE OF LGBTQ AND OTHERS SEEKING INFORMATION AND ASSISTANCE REGARDING SEXUAL ORIENTATION OR GENDER EXPRESSION • This means: a) Being available to provide resources, referrals and information b) Having a working knowledge, and be committed to staying informed about LGBTQ concerns, history and appropriate terms 13
    14. 14. A SAFE ZONE MEMBER IS NOT: • A counselor/therapist or someone necessarily trained to deal with crisis situations • An expert on all things “LGBTQ” • Someone with ready-made answers • Expected to proceed with an interaction if you feel it compromises or violates your personal safety 14
    15. 15. LEARNING OBJECTIVES •Awareness/Knowledge •Self- Reflection and Assessment •Ally Strategies (both personal and institutional) 15
    16. 16. GUIDELINES FOR PARTICIPATION • Confidentiality • Honesty/Candor • Lean into the discomfort • Listening • Active Participation • Speak from the “I” perspective • Others? 16
    17. 17. MISSION STATEMENT • Refer to handbook • Mission statement • Abrahamic Center 17
    18. 18. INTRODUCTIONS Partner up with another participant in the room to discuss: • The person’s name and affiliation with Notre Dame One or two of the following: • Most memorable holiday or birthday and why • What you did last weekend • Favorite vacation or getaway spot 18
    19. 19. INTRODUCTIONS CONTINUED Introduce your partner to the group However…. The following words are not allowed to be used in your introduction: • He /His • She /Her • Boy/ Man • Girl /Woman • Husband/Wife • Girlfriend/Boyfriend 19
    21. 21. 21 b. a. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. K. L . m. n.
    22. 22. WHAT’S WITH ALL OF THE LETTERS? LGBTQ: Stands for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer/Questioning. • You may also see the same acronym with the letters added such as: a.) I: Intersex b.) A: Allies/Androgynous/Asexual Sexual Orientation: • Attraction, attachments, fantasies, and longings Sexual Identity: • The individuals conception of one’s sexual orientation Sexual Behavior: • Acts performed by individual *American Psychological Association 22
    23. 23. BASIC DEFINITIONS Sexual Orientation: “Enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction toward others.” (American Psychological Association) Biological Sex: the physical anatomy and gendered hormones one is born with, generally described as male, female, or intersex, and often confused with gender* Gender Identity: One’s personal, and core sense of self as a gendered person. Gender Expression: How a person expresses their gender identity (masculine, feminine, both, neither).
    25. 25. 25
    26. 26. SEXUAL ORIENTATION American Psychological Association defines sexual orientation as the: “Enduring emotional, romantic, sexual, or affectional attraction toward others.” 26
    27. 27. SEXUAL ORIENTATIONS Homosexual: Romantic, physical, emotional, psychological attraction to the same sex. • Gay • Lesbian Heterosexual Bisexual Pansexual/Polysexual Asexual 27
    28. 28. SEXUAL ORIENTATION FAQ 1.) What Causes a Person To Have a Particular Sexual Orientation? Numerous factors may determine sexual orientation and those factors may also differ from person to person. Cognitive, biological and environmental factors may all play a role. 2.) Is Sexual Orientation a Choice? Most people - LGBT or straight - do not experience their sexual orientation as a choice. Adapted from “Answers to Your Questions About Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality”, American Psychological Association 28
    29. 29. SEXUAL ORIENTATION & HOMOSEXUALITY FAQ 3) Can Therapy Change Sexual Orientation? No. Careful research has found that efforts to change sexual orientation are not successful and may be very harmful. 4) Is Homosexuality a Mental Illness or Emotional Problem? No. Over 50 years of scientific research has shown that homosexuality, itself, is not associated with mental disorders or emotional or social problems. • For more than 30 years, the American Psychiatric Association, the American Psychological Association , and other professional mental health organizations have urged professionals to help dispel the stigma of mental illness that some people still associate with homosexual orientation. Adapted from “Answers to Your Questions About Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality”, American Psychological Association 29
    30. 30. WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO BE BISEXUAL? 1.) A person who identifies as bisexual is someone who is romantically, and/or sexually attracted to persons of both genders. 2.) Bisexual people are not necessarily equally interested in men and women. 3.) Bisexuality is no more of a phase than being heterosexual or homosexual is a phase. Adapted from Joe Woodhouse and Karina Roberts from the Bisexual Resource Center 30
    31. 31. “ANNA PAQUIN: I’M BISEXUAL” • “Actress Anna Paquin says she's bisexual - despite being engaged to her "True Blood" co-star Stephen Moyer, The Sun reported Thursday. “ • New York Post, Page 6, 4/1/2010 Read more: x/anna_paquin_bisexual_MSnBvv eITzJqpFr8W5qXdI#ixzz0js0jSITx 31
    32. 32. QUEER Originally used as a pejorative term to refer to gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals. The term implied that these individuals were: • unnatural • unusual • freakish 32
    33. 33. QUEER
    34. 34. 34
    38. 38. COMMON BELIEFS ABOUT GENDER • Gender exists as a binary: everyone is either male/female • Gender is determined by one’s anatomy • Males should have a masculine style of behavior and females should have a feminine style of behavior • Feminine males and masculine females are abnormal or disordered 38
    39. 39. BEYOND THE LABELS OF LGBTQ Labels are culturally and historically specific. • They have class, age, gender connotations and as such, may not resonate with all people in the same way. Gender identity/expression: • TS: Two Spirited (Americas) • Mahu (Polynesia) We'wha, a Zuni Two-Spirit, circa 1886 39
    40. 40. INTERSECTIONS Diverse Identities within the LGBTQ community 40
    41. 41. EXPERIENCES OF LGBTQ PEOPLE ARE INFLUENCED & INTERWOVEN WITH MULTIPLE OTHER PARTS OF THEIR IDENTITY: • Religion • Age • Socio-economic status • Race • Ethnicity • Nation of origin • Family structure • Mental/Physical ability • Immigrant Status • Education 41
    42. 42. WHAT IS HOMOPHOBIA? • Generally defined as hostility towards or fear of gay/lesbian persons • Aversions to LGBTQ persons or their lifestyle or culture and behavior or action based on this aversion 42
    43. 43. • Avoiding any contact or communication with someone because they are perceived to be gay/lesbian • Using “gay” or like-terms as accusatory • Avoiding gay/lesbian people for fear they’ll develop a crush on you • Physically or emotionally harming someone because they are LGBT 43 HOMOPHOBIA CONTINUED
    44. 44. One of your peers notices your Safe Zone sticker and does not approve. They challenge you about why you are displaying a sticker that is divisive and unnecessary. How do you respond? 44 SCENARIO
    45. 45. HETEROSEXISM The system of oppression of persons who are lesbian, gay, or bisexual. 3 components: • The assumption that all people are heterosexual • Prejudice and discrimination against persons who are LGB based on the assumption that heterosexuality is the only “normal sexual orientation and therefore preferable” • Systematic display of homophobia in societal institutions, laws, and policies by excluding the needs, concerns, and life experiences of person who are LGB 45
    46. 46. • Assuming everyone you meet is heterosexual • Assuming everyone has or is interested in having an opposite-sex partner • Assuming all mothers and fathers are heterosexual • Assuming all unmarried people are “single” • Assuming all children live in families with a male-female couple in parental roles • Assuming there is an assumed male/female role in same-sex relationships • Using language that presumes heterosexuality in others, such as husband or wife • Using official forms which allow only for designation as married or single • Omitting any discussion of persons who are LGBT as part of educational curricula 46 HETEROSEXISM CONTINUED
    47. 47. SCENARIO • A student comes to you and asks for your advice regarding one of his professors. When you meet he tells you that one of his professors makes a lot of comments in class about what he calls “normal married couples.” • Most of the time it isn’t a big deal, but recently the professor was lecturing on “new and emerging marketing demographics.” The textbook for the course covered Gay & Lesbian adults as one of the new demographics. The student tells you that when the professor brought up the subject he dismissed it saying “like many unmarried people, those people spend most of their income on personal entertainment, such as alcohol, leisure activities, fashion and often on illegal drugs.” The student would like your advice for responding to the professor 47
    48. 48. HETEROSEXUAL PRIVILEGE Heterosexual privilege is an advantage given to heterosexual persons simply because they are heterosexual. 48
    49. 49. 49
    51. 51. TRANSGENDER 51
    54. 54. GENDER/ GENDER IDENTITY Transvestite (sometimes considered the same as Cross- Dresser) : person who enjoys wearing clothes identified with the opposite gender. Cross-dresser- Wears clothing of a gender different from their birth sex for emotional or sexual purposes. Drag Queen/King (female or male emulation, performative in nature Cisgender- having a biological sex that matches your gender identity and expression, resulting in other people accurately perceiving your gender. 54
    55. 55. TRANSSEXUAL • Individuals whose designated sex at birth does not match their personal sex/body identity and who, through sex reassignment surgery and hormone treatments, may seek to change their physical body to match their gender identity. • Transsexuals’ sexual identification can be heterosexual, gay, lesbian, bisexual, etc. • Jessica Pettitt :Facing Trans: Inclusion, Advocacy, and Empowerment Workbook, Guide, and Resource Packet” 2011
    56. 56. 56 TRANSSEXUAL IDENTITIES CONTINUED Click photo to play video
    57. 57. CREATING SAFE SPACES FOR GENDER NON-CONFORMING PEOPLE • Always use an individuals Gender Pronoun (GP) • Try not to assume what their GP is based on their appearance • If you are unsure, avoid using pronouns by using “they” • It can be ok to ask what someone’s GP is • Avoid “sir/miss”, “young man/young woman” 57
    58. 58. 58
    59. 59. WHAT IS TRANSPHOBIA? • A reaction of fear, loathing, and discriminatory treatment of people whose gender identity or gender presentation (or perceived gender or gender identity) does not match, in the socially accepted way, the sex they were assigned at birth. 59
    60. 60. INTERSEX (FORMERLY HERMAPHRODITE) • About 1.7% of the population can be defined as intersexual • Intersex is a general term used for a variety of conditions in which a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that doesn‘t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male. • Source: The Intersex Society of North America 60
    61. 61. 61
    62. 62. COMING OUT 62
    63. 63. 63
    64. 64. COMING OUT ACTIVITY • Write the names of the 3 people you talk to the most • Write the names of 3 places that have the most significance to you • Write the top 3 most important aspects of your life • Write your top 3 most favorite activities (other than sleeping and eating) 64
    65. 65. GAY AND LESBIAN IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT MODEL (CASS IDENTITY MODEL) • COMING OUT is a life long process of exploring one’s sexual orientation and gender identity and sharing it with family, friends, co-workers and the world. • Coming out is about recognizing, accepting, expressing and sharing ones’ sexual orientation with oneself and others. 65
    66. 66. POTENTIAL IMPACT OF COMING OUT: • Grieving the loss of membership in the dominant culture and entry into a permanent stigmatized group; • The experience of being a minority, especially an invisible minority and its impact on one's life; • Lack of family support or strong role models to help them deal with their found status and identity; and • Potential lack of peer support and isolation 66
    68. 68. THE POWER OF LANGUAGE 68
    69. 69. PREFERRED TERMS (SOMETIMES) • Sexual Preference vs. Sexual Orientation • Gay, Lesbian vs. Homosexual • Gay Lifestyle, Lesbian Lifestyle, Alternative Lifestyle vs. Gay, Lesbian
    70. 70. “IN GROUP” Subversive and/or Reclaimed • Dyke • Queer • Fag • Tranny • Butch/Femme • Lipstick • Camp/campy • Fruit • Stealth • Queen 70
    72. 72. OVERVIEW OF SAFE ZONE RESPONIBILITES A Safe Zone Ally • Strives to be available, knowledgeable, helpful and willing to support LGBT people • Commits to confidentiality, except in specific situations • Responds to bias, prejudice and discriminatory behavior, even when a LGBT person is not directly impacted 72
    73. 73. WRAP-UP • Final Questions or comments? • Please fill out the evaluation provided THANK YOU! 73