Group presentation lexical semantics

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Group presentation lexical semantics

  1. 1. TOPIC THE CONCEPTS OF THE THEORY OF SEMANTICS
  2. 2.  Do you find meaning when you look at a tree? A tree does not mean, it just exists  How does human language produce Meaning?  How to account for the fact that elements of natural environment do not convey meaning?   MEANINGLESSNESS OF NATURAL ENTITIES AND THE PROPERTY OF LANGUAGE TO MAKE SENSE/MEANING
  3. 3. 1) Sense Words relationship Phrases relationship Sentences 2) Reference Language relationship Outside world
  4. 4. LANGUAGE Relationship inside language I think therefore I am s e n s e Relationship with outside world r e f e r e n c e a tree
  5. 5. W o r d M e a n i n g Inside language R e f e r e n t i a l Outside world
  6. 6. A Sentence is an ideal string of words in accordance with grammatical rules of a language An utterance is any stretch of spoken language
  7. 7. SENTENCE UTTERANCE Artificial  Natural  sentence is read  It is uttered  Cannot slow or fast  Slow or fast  Begin with capital Letter  Preceeded and followed by silence
  8. 8. sentence The Director is absent The Director is not arou sentence The Director has gone sentence The Director is not prese
  9. 9. A contradictory sentence is a sentence which propositional content is necessarily false eg Cats are human beings A paraphrase is a sentence which expresses the same proposition as another sentence eg John sold that car to Mary / Mary bought that car from John
  10. 10.  Language as an activity is the main canal in meaning conception (say mean)  The above mentioned concepts are responsible for the manufacturing of meaning  Hence they are the concepts underlying semantics which is the science of meaning
  11. 11. Sense Connotation INSIDE LANGUAGE MEANINGFULNESS RAW MATERIALS OF MEANING Sentence-UtteranceProposition Processin g Reference Denotation OUTSIDE WORLD MEANINGLESSNESS MEANING PROCESSORS Analytic/synthetic sentence Contradictory sentence Paraphrase MEANING IS CONCEIVED

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