Scaling up hwts – the


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Scaling up hwts – the

  1. 1. SCALING UP HWTS – THE BUILDING BLOCKS Presented by: Michael A. Forson, UNICEF, New York
  2. 2. Contamination pathways to safe water Poorly maintained and leaking pipe networks Pit latrines Natural water sources Safe drinking water at the community /school level Water Transport • Pipe network • Tanker trucks • Carts • Carrying water • etc Storage and Consumption of safe water Poor handling behavior Community/school Level solutions • Boreholes • Treatment plants • Spring protection • Mechanized systems, etc Flooding Household level solutions • Boiling • disinfection • filtration • pasteurization • Safe storage, etc
  3. 3. Building blocks for Scaling up HWTS – Definition and Concept Scaling up: what is it? • Taking up proven interventions into a higher dimension (upstream) and positioning it in a sustainable manner in a country’s developmental and socio-economical agenda. Building blocks: what does it involve? • The building blocks are basically the foundational steps that need to be put in place in order to move to a sustainable scale. Without these, it will look like something is being achieved but then will not stand the test of time. The “blocks” outlined does not necessarily need to happen in that order, however some are contingent upon others to happen. UNICEF SCALING UP HWTS: THE BUILDING BLOCKS
  4. 4. Some building blocks ../1 1. Proven benefits of the interventions. • What are the success stories that will attract the government? Is it just an intervention or there is something that the government will benefit from? Say reducing cost in health care, other economic gains such as creation of employment through private sector participation? etc. 2. Involvement of the private sector. • What are the drivers to create/enhance a vibrant market? We will need to understand how the private sector is involved. Any business models being used or emerging? 3. The role of the Academia. • UNICEF The role of the academia cannot be over emphasized. This is a critical role when it comes to evaluations, reviews and testing new ideas in HWTS. There should be a partnership with the academia SCALING UP HWTS: THE BUILDING BLOCKS
  5. 5. Some building blocks ../2 4. Who owns the agenda? How do you view HWTS delivery? Commercial goods? UNICEF SCALING UP HWTS: THE BUILDING BLOCKS Govt takes lead Private sector takes the sales and distribution • Social goods? • • Private sector takes lead Govt plays regulatory and licensing role •
  6. 6. Some building blocks ../3 5. Where is the home for HWTS within the government? • Lead ministry, collaborating ministries, supporting agencies, etc. 6. Any key sector policies recognizing HWTS as an intervention to public health gains? 7. Is there a national target for HWTS? • Where are we going? 8. Integration or standalone? • Are there existing interventions that HWTS can ride on? On what platform is HWTS taking off? 9. Funding? • UNICEF Funds can always be found for projects, etc. But the big question is when moving to scale who funds it? . Govt budgetary allocation? Innovative funding mechanisms?. SCALING UP HWTS: THE BUILDING BLOCKS
  7. 7. Moving to Scale – the 3 environments Adequate mechanisms for sustaining, expansion and accountability Developing Environment The systems and structures for procuring and delivering equitable services at all levels, participation and proper targeting of resources, quantity and quality of outputs (hardware and software) Sustaining Environment Enabling Environment The supporting environment for a functioning subsector, clear leadership and objectives, coordination and regulation mechanisms, planning and revision of investments, sufficient and clear budget.
  8. 8. − − − − WASH programme implementation in 5 regions Adaptation and use by other sector programmes Continued national coordination Monitoring, evaluation, documentation and learning 1. Rural sanitation model and scaling up strategy; 2. National Strategy for scaling up HWWS 3. National Strategy for HWTS 4. The WASH SPLASH Strategy 3 Evaluations and assessments of key interventions (2009-2010) 1. Evaluation of CLTS implementation between 2007 and 2009 2. Assessment of hand washing with soap 3. Assessment of household water treatment and safe storage 4. Assessment of 3 key behaviours (SED, HWWS and HWTS) - 2009 - 2010 - 2010 - 2011 2 Strategic decision of re-packaging WASH into four packages to integrate HWTS 1 1. Enabling environments; 2. Behavioural Change (SED, HWWS, HWTS) 3. Water and Sanitation Services; 4. WASH in Emergencies − − 6 Implementation of HWTS between 2007 - 2011 Household intervention for Guinea worm eradication => ceramic/biosand filters Improved drinking water supply for flood affected households =>ceramic filters/aquatabs Overall national level coordination, partnership and learning 44 Development of national scaling up strategies (2010-2011)for Water and Sanitation Sector Working Group – Overall sector coordination National Technical Working Group on Sanitation – sanitation/hygiene Technical working groups for HWWS, HWTS and WASH SPLASH 5 Scaled up implementation (2012-2016) − − − An example: Process of Developing HWTS in Ghana
  9. 9. In Conclusion … • Although there are principles and frameworks for scaling up interventions, I will like to emphasized that the process, the building blocks and time may differ from country to country • Final critical point to note is that HWTS is not replacing the normal community water supply, but complementing it. That is why the need for integration in programming UNICEF SCALING UP HWTS: THE BUILDING BLOCKS