Sg portland rahman

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Sg portland rahman

  1. 1. Advanced Research Institute, Virginia Tech, USA The Smart Grid What will it Take to Make it Possible IEEE Oregon Smart Grid Workshop 08 September 2010 Portland, Oregon Opening Keynote by Prof. Saifur Rahman
  2. 2. This is the Electric Power Grid
  3. 3. What is a Smart Grid? Diverse Focus Areas Have Led to Varied Definitions Source: EPRI
  4. 4. Many Definitions – But All Roads Pointing to: Sensors.…Two Way Communication.…Information Management….Intelligence Source: EPRI
  5. 5. Smart Grid Definition <ul><li>According to United States Department of Energy’s modern grid initiative, an intelligent or a smart grid integrates advanced sensing technologies , control methods and integrated communications into the current electricity grid. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Starting and End Points of a Smart Grid From Generator to Refrigerator Power Plant Transmission Distribution Home Business End-use Appliances
  7. 7. Potentials of the Smart Grid Source: US DoE
  8. 8. Source: BPA www.bpa.gov
  9. 9. Elements of the Smart Grid Source: NIST
  10. 10. Source: NIST
  11. 11. Source: NIST
  12. 12. Source: NIST
  13. 13. Integrated Communications
  14. 14. Electric Power & Communication Infrastructures 1.Power Infrastructure Source: EPRI Central Generating Station Step-Up Transformer Distribution Substation Receiving Station Distribution Substation Distribution Substation Commercial Industrial Commercial Gas Turbine Recip Engine Cogeneration Recip Engine Fuel cell Micro- turbine Flywheel Residential Photo voltaics Batteries Residential Data Concentrator Control Center Data network Users 2. Information Infrastructure
  15. 15. Evolution of the Smart Grid Source: Altalink, Alberta, Canada
  16. 16. Home Area Network ZigBee HAN Digital Home Design Line http://www.digitalhomedesignline.com/212200388%3Bjsessionid=4NSYMR40EYQKKQSNDLRCKH0CJUNN2JVN?printableArticle=true ZigBee Network Connections Venture Beat http://venturebeat.com/2009/04/07/ember-lands-8m-for-a-hefty-slice-of-the-smart-grid/
  17. 17. GE Energy Management and Demand Response Appliances Source: http://www.geconsumerproducts.com/pressroom/press_releases/company/company/smart_meter_pilot09.htm
  18. 20. Convergence of Different Industries in the Smart Grid Space
  19. 21. IBM’s Smarter Planet
  20. 22. Siemens Smart Grid
  21. 23. What will it take to make it possible? Intelligence Two-way communication Real-time monitoring & control But, we have some ways to go
  22. 24. What are the challenges? <ul><li>Understanding the difference between cost and value </li></ul><ul><li>Political will to introduce dynamic & time-of-use rates </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment interoperability standards </li></ul><ul><li>Availability of appliances and devices </li></ul><ul><li>Customer education and willingness to accept change </li></ul><ul><li>Smart grid will not be cheap, but it will provide greater value and cost savings in the future </li></ul>
  23. 25. Building Blocks of the Smart Grid © Saifur Rahman
  24. 26. Thank you P rof. Saifur Rahman www.ceage.vt.edu

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