2. Making Inferences: Logical guesses about characters, the setting, andevents by recognizing and using details in the story
3. You ask your brother how he did on his drivingtest. He replies by slamming the driver’smanual down on a table and snapping, “Idon’t even want to talk about it.”What would you guess happened?a. He earned highest score and was embarrassedb. He doesn’t like talking about tests at homec. He did not score well and is upset
4. ANSWERWhat would you guess happened?c. He did not score well and is upsetWhat clues told you that she did not score well on the test? •slamming his books down •snapping a comment
5. Conﬂict and ResolutionConﬂict: a struggle between opposing forcesExternal Conﬂict: a character struggles with an outside forcesuch as nature, society or another characterInternal Conﬂict: characters struggles with themselves:clashing emotions, feelings, beliefs or desiresResolution: occurs when the conﬂict or problem is solved
6. Bill and Juan are best friends who go to the same school. The baseball coach at their school recentlyput up a sign-up sheet for pitching tryouts. Both boys have signed up to try out. Juan feels that if Bill is selected as a pitcher and he is not, Bill will not want to be on the team. Juan wants his friend to be the pitcher but does not know if he should say anything to Bill.What type of conﬂict? Internal or ExternalWhat do you think the resolution will be?
7. AnswersWhat type of conﬂict? InternalOne possible resolution will be that Juan tells Bill how hefeels and that he would want Bill to be the team pitcher, evenif Juan himself doesn’t make the team.
8. Vocabulary: Review!Preﬁx/Sufﬁx Meaning Examples malnourished, mal- bad malcontent through; perform, per- completely permanent the act or quality arrangement, -ment of agreement -ious full of rebellious, anxious
9. AdjectivesAn adjective describes a noun or pronoun.Adjectives answer the following questions: Whose? How many? Which one? What kind?
10. Identify the adjectives in each sentence. a. Parents choose simple stories for young children. b. A youngster likes easy tales and books with many illustrations. c. The older children like happy stories with funny plots.
11. Identify the adjectives - Answersa. Parents choose simple stories for young children.b. A youngster likes easy tales and books with manyillustrations.c. The older children like happy stories with funny plots.
12. Idioms An idiom is an expression that is NOT meant to beunderstood literally.He got cold feet when it was his turn to dive. What is the idiom in this sentence? What does the idiom mean?
13. Idiom - AnswersHe got cold feet when it was his turn to dive. What is the idiom in this sentence? got cold feet What does the idiom mean? became afraid
14. ThemeA story’s theme is its central idea, message or insight intolife.It can be implied or stated directly.Anyone, no matter race, age, gender, or residence can relateto the theme because it should be universal.
15. Theme: ExampleMiss Emily has worked hard for thirty years. She wants toretire and travel around the world.What is theme of the above sentences? a. People of all ages need change in their lives. b. Everyone should retire and travel around the world. c. Retired people are selﬁsh.
16. Theme: AnswerMiss Emily has worked hard for thirty years. She wants toretire and travel around the world.What is theme of the above sentences? a. People of all ages need change in their lives.
17. AdverbsAn adverb describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.Adverbs answer the following questions: How? When? Where? To what extent?
18. Adverbs: Practice What is the adverb? What does it modify? What question does it answer?1. Vann eagerly visited Rio Grande Valley.2. He always enjoys his vacations.3. The people of the Valley grow wonderfully tasty grapefruit.
19. Adverbs: Answers1. Vann eagerly visited Rio Grande Valley. adverb: eagerly modiﬁer: visited (verb) answers the question: How?2. He always enjoys his vacations. adverb: always modiﬁer: enjoys (verb) answers the question: When?3. The people of the Valley grow wonderfully tasty grapefruit. adverb: wonderfully modiﬁer: tasty (adjective) answers the question: How?
20. Making Inferences As Jenny turned away from the window, she was frowning deeply. Shewalked quickly across the room toward the door to the kitchen and to the backstairs. Then she stopped and turned back into the living room. A loud knocksounded at the front door. Hearing it, Jenny jumped slightly and grabbed theback of a chair. The knock came again. Biting her knuckle, Jenny glancedtoward the kitchen door and then back toward the front door. A third knocksounded. Jenny could hear her mother calling her name. But still she stood,nervously holding the back of the chair.1. How do you think Jenny feels? 3. What do you think Jenny would like to do? a. excited a. See who is at the door b. scared b. Get out of the situation c. bored c. See why her mom is calling her name2. Which phrase helps you ﬁgure out how Jenny feels? a. Jenny jumped slightly and grabbed the back of a chair, biting her knuckle b. She walked quickly across the room toward the door to the kitchen c. She stopped and turned back into the living room
21. Conﬂict and Resolution Elise decided to take her dog Max to the park for a long walkin the afternoon sunshine. Once at the park Max was busy snifﬁngthe ground and following the scent of something. All of a sudden,Max began to bark as a beehive fell right in the path. Terror ﬁlledElise as she began to panic.4. What type of conﬂict is Elise experiencing? a. internal conﬂict b. external conﬂict5. What do you think the resolution will be? a. The bees will ﬂy away b. Elise will let Max explore the beehive c. Elise will grab her dog and run.
22. Vocabulary6. The U.S Constitution does not allow people to be ______ for their beliefs. a. performed c. persuaded b. documented d. persecuted7. The venders were selling pottery pieces that were _______ at a lower price. a. persistent c. malformed b. malicious d. bafﬂement8. Reina spread ugly and ______rumors about her rival. a. malicious c. anxious b. malcontent d. permit9. When her grandmother died, Mary went through a period of ______. a. obnoxious c. persuasive b. ambitious d. bereavement
23. Adjectives10. What is the adjective in this sentence?We laughed at the humorous end of the poem.a. laughed b. humorous c. end11. What is the modiﬁer in this sentence?The new library will have iPads, laptops and iPods.a. new b. have c. library12. What is the adjective in this sentence?Allison recited a beautiful poem by Robert Frost.a. beautiful b. poem c. by13. What is the adjective in this sentence?The train includes a locomotive and a red caboose.a. includes b. red c. caboose
24. Idioms14. What is the idiom in the following sentence? Linda was shocked to run intoan old friend from out of state.a. run into b. old friend c. out of state15. Choose an idiom to replace the underlined phrase in the following sentence. Whenmy father lost his job, we had to save money whenever possible.a. stand up b. turn a cheek c. cut corners16. Choose an idiom to replace the underlined phrase in the following sentence. I havealways had some extra money available in case of emergency.a. on hand b. on deck c. in the bag17. What does the idiom “hit the road” mean?a. go home b. leave c. smack the ground
25. Theme18. Joey loves to be on stage. He acts in school plays. His dream is to become a famousactor. What is the theme of these sentences?a. Being in a school play can be fun.b. People like to think about what they can do to be successful.c. Acting in school makes you popular.19. A new girl named Lola came into Kerri’s class. Some of the kids laughed at her becauseshe dressed a little different. Kerri started wondering how she would feel if she were in Lola’splace. She invited Lola to her home and discovered that Lola was a great storyteller. Kerriand Lola had a great time laughing together. What is the theme of this story?a. The right clothes and hairstyle are really importantb. Laughing makes you happy.c. We need to look beyond outward appearances to see the real person
26. Theme20. Sam is a pilot. His plane was in a midair accident over a large city. He was in danger oflosing his own life, his copilot’s life and perhaps the lives of others on the ground. Hegrabbed the controls and headed for an open area he saw below him. Carefully, he landedthe play.a. A small plane should never be allowed to ﬂy over a city.b. Sometimes, a person must remain calm to survive in a crisis.c. Flying is a fun hobby that anyone can learn.21. Theme includes all of the following except:a. what characters do and sayb. where the story takes placec. ﬁgurative language
27. Adverbs: The adverb is underlined,identify the modiﬁer.22. Corpus Christi is a busy seaport today.a. is b. busy c. seaport23. Vann went immediately to Padre Island.a. went b. to c. Padre Island24. He soon saw Padre Island National Seashore.a. He b. saw c. Seashore25. The government protects this extremely beautiful area.a. protects b. this c. beautiful
28. Adverbs: A (modiﬁer) verb, adjective, oradverb is underlined. Identify the adverb.26. Grapefruit grows extremely well in the valley.a. grows b. extremely c. in27. Many people live here in winter.a. Many b. here c. in28. Barrier islands effectively block the high waves.a. effectively b. high c. waves
29. Answers1. B 8. A 15. C 22. A2. A 9. D 16. A 23. A3. B 10. B 17. B 24. B4. B 11. C 18. B 25. C5. C 12. A 19. C 26. B6. D 13. B 20. B 27. B7. C 14. A 21. C 28. A