Medical Technology Career        English II   By: Blanche Núñez    October 8th 2012
   Adjectives are words that describe or modify    another person or thing in the sentence.   The Articles — a, an, and ...
   Adjectives nearly always appear immediately    before the noun or noun phrase that they    modify.   Sometimes they a...
   Adjectives can express degrees of modification.   The degrees are known as the positive,       the comparative, and ...
   COMPARATIVE                SUPERLATIVE     Use THAN                   Use THE     Suffix – er                Suff...
   Tom is old. He is 70.         …Joe is 120. He is the    But Paul is 83. He is          oldest.    older than Tom.   ...
rich             richer           richest   lovely           lovelier         loveliest   beautiful        more beautiful ...
   Do not use more along with a comparative    adjective formed with –er.   Do not use most along with a superlative    ...
   The order in which adjectives in a series sort    themselves out is perplexing for people    learning English as a sec...
School is boring, but homework     more boringis_________________ than school.Sourcehttp://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar...
   Adverbs are words that modify       a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)       an adjective (He drove a ver...
   Adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under    what conditions something happens or happened.   Adverbs frequently ...
   Often these adverbs are formed by adding -ly    to the end of an adjective.   Adjectives ending -l add -ly ; careful-...
   Adverbs of Manner (How something happens)    She moved slowly and spoke quietly.       Carefully, correctly,eagerly,e...
   One of the hallmarks of adverbs is their ability    to move around in a sentence. Adverbs of    manner are particularl...
   The following adverbs of frequency appear in    various points in these sentences:       Before the main verb:       ...
   Indefinite adverbs of time can appear either    before the verb or between the auxiliary and    the main verb:       ...
THE ROYAL ORDER OF ADVERBS  Verb        Manner           Place      Frequency       Time        Purpose                   ...
carefulSue is a (careful)___________ girl.She takes her medicines   carefully_______________.
   A preposition describes a relationship between    other words in a sentence.   Prepositions are nearly always combine...
   We use at to designate specific times.       The train is due at 12:15 p.m.   We use on to designate days and dates....
   We use at for specific addresses.       Grammar English lives at 55 Boretz Road in Durham.   We use on to designate ...
   We use to in order to express movement toward a    place.       They were driving to work together.   Toward and tow...
   We use for when we measure time (seconds, minutes,    hours, days, months, years).       She held his breath for seve...
   There are hardly any rules as to when to use    which preposition. The only way to learn    prepositions is looking th...
Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions
Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions
Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions
Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions
Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions
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Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions

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Adjectives, adverbs and preposotions

  1. 1. Medical Technology Career English II By: Blanche Núñez October 8th 2012
  2. 2.  Adjectives are words that describe or modify another person or thing in the sentence. The Articles — a, an, and the — are adjectives. For example:  the tall professor  the lugubrious lieutenant  a months pay
  3. 3.  Adjectives nearly always appear immediately before the noun or noun phrase that they modify. Sometimes they appear in a string of adjectives, and when they do, they appear in a set order according to category.  For example:  the tall professor
  4. 4.  Adjectives can express degrees of modification. The degrees are known as the positive,  the comparative, and the superlative. We use the comparative for comparing two things and the superlative for comparing three or more things.COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE
  5. 5.  COMPARATIVE  SUPERLATIVE  Use THAN  Use THE  Suffix – er  Suffix –est  If the adjective of  If the adjective of two or more two or more syllables ends in syllables ends in «y», add –ier . «y», add –iest.  Use MORE when an  Use MOST when adjective has more an adjective has than one syllable. more than one syllable.
  6. 6.  Tom is old. He is 70.  …Joe is 120. He is the But Paul is 83. He is oldest. older than Tom. A pocket camera is  ...But a digital camera expensive... A reflex is the most expensive camera is more expensive of the three than a pocket camera.
  7. 7. rich richer richest lovely lovelier loveliest beautiful more beautiful most beautifulgood better bestbad worse worstlittle less leastMuch,many, some more mostfar further furthest
  8. 8.  Do not use more along with a comparative adjective formed with –er. Do not use most along with a superlative adjective formed with -est  something is more heavier or most heaviest). The as — as construction is used to create a comparison expressing equality:  She is as bright as her mother.
  9. 9.  The order in which adjectives in a series sort themselves out is perplexing for people learning English as a second language. It takes a lot of practice with a language before this order becomes instinctive, because the order often seems quite arbitrary. The categories in the following table can be described as follows:
  10. 10. School is boring, but homework more boringis_________________ than school.Sourcehttp://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/adjectives.htm
  11. 11.  Adverbs are words that modify  a verb (He drove slowly. — How did he drive?)  an adjective (He drove a very fast car. — How fast was his car?)  another adverb (She moved quite slowly down the aisle. — How slowly did she move?)
  12. 12.  Adverbs often tell when, where, why, or under what conditions something happens or happened. Adverbs frequently end in -ly; however, many words and phrases not ending in -ly serve an adverbial function and an -ly ending is not a guarantee that a word is an adverb. The words lovely, lonely, motherly, friendly, neighborly, for instance, are adjectives:  That lovely woman lives in a friendly neighborhood.
  13. 13.  Often these adverbs are formed by adding -ly to the end of an adjective. Adjectives ending -l add -ly ; careful-carefully. Adjectives ending -y change to -ily ; lucky- luckily Adjectives ending -ble change to -bly ; responsible-responsibly. Adjectives ending – ic change to –ally; fantastic - fantastically
  14. 14.  Adverbs of Manner (How something happens) She moved slowly and spoke quietly.  Carefully, correctly,eagerly,easily,fast, loudly, patiently,quickly Adverbs of Place (Where something happens) She has lived on the island all her life.  Abroad,anywhere,downstairs,here,in,nowhere,out,outside,there Adverbs of Frequency (How often something happens) She takes the boat to the mainland every day.  Always, sometimes, usually, seldom,rarely, never Adverbs of Time (When something happens) She tries to get back before dark.  After, later, just, now recently, tomorrow, yesterday, soon Adverbs of Purpose (Why something happens) She drives her boat slowly to avoid hitting the rocks.  To, in order to, accidentally, intentionally, because, since, so that
  15. 15.  One of the hallmarks of adverbs is their ability to move around in a sentence. Adverbs of manner are particularly flexible in this regard.  Solemnly the minister addressed her congregation.  The minister solemnly addressed her congregation.  The minister addressed her congregation solemnly.
  16. 16.  The following adverbs of frequency appear in various points in these sentences:  Before the main verb:  I never get up before nine oclock.  Between the auxiliary verb and the main verb:  I have rarely written to my brother without a good reason.  Before the verb used to:  I always used to see him at his summer home.
  17. 17.  Indefinite adverbs of time can appear either before the verb or between the auxiliary and the main verb:  He finally showed up for batting practice.  She has recently retired.
  18. 18. THE ROYAL ORDER OF ADVERBS Verb Manner Place Frequency Time Purpose every to keep inBeth swims enthusiastically in the pool before dawn morning shape. every to get aDad walks impatiently into town before supper afternoon newspaper.Tashonda every in her room before lunch.naps morning In actual practice, of course, it would be highly unusual to have a string of adverbial modifiers beyond two or three (at the most). Because the placement of adverbs is so flexible, one or two of the modifiers would probably move to the beginning of the sentence: "Every afternoon before supper, Dad impatiently walks into town to get a newspaper." When that happens, the introductory adverbial modifiers are usually set off with a comma.
  19. 19. carefulSue is a (careful)___________ girl.She takes her medicines carefully_______________.
  20. 20.  A preposition describes a relationship between other words in a sentence. Prepositions are nearly always combined with other words in structures called prepositional phrases. Example:  You can sit before the desk (or in front of the desk).
  21. 21.  We use at to designate specific times.  The train is due at 12:15 p.m. We use on to designate days and dates.  My brother is coming on Monday.  Were having a party on the Fourth of July. We use in for nonspecific times during a day, a month, a season, or a year.  She likes to jog in the morning.  Its too cold in winter to run outside.
  22. 22.  We use at for specific addresses.  Grammar English lives at 55 Boretz Road in Durham. We use on to designate names of streets, avenues, etc.  Her house is on Boretz Road. And we use in for the names of land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents).  She lives in Durham.  Durham is in Windham County.
  23. 23.  We use to in order to express movement toward a place.  They were driving to work together. Toward and towards are also helpful prepositions to express movement. These are simply variant spellings of the same word; use whichever sounds better to you.  Were moving toward the light. With the words home, downtown, uptown, inside, outside, downstairs, upstairs, we use no preposition.  Grandma went upstairs
  24. 24.  We use for when we measure time (seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years).  She held his breath for seven minutes. We use since with a specific date or time.  Hes worked here since 1970. See the chart for others prepositions and their usage.
  25. 25.  There are hardly any rules as to when to use which preposition. The only way to learn prepositions is looking them up in a dictionary, reading a lot in English (literature) and learning useful phrases off by heart (study tips).

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