Identification vs. Description & ART ELEMENTS ART ELEMENTS
Identification Identification is the capability to find, retrieve or report specific data.
How would you identify a work of Art? Name of Artist Title of Art Work Date (Year/Century) Medium Period/Genre Country (optional)
Identifying a work of art Henry Ossawa Tanner The Banjo Lesson 1893 Oil on Canvas Realism
Description A description seeks to provide a definition of something, such as what it looks like, sounds like or feels like. The product of thought bounded by context, similarities, differences and interpretation.
How do you describe a work of art? Use the vocabulary developed by the Ancient Roman Architect, Vitruvius. Elements of Art Principles of Design
Elements of Art The Elements of Art are the building blocks for a work of art. Artists use the elements in planned and organized ways. They are organized according to the Principles of Design.
Elements of Art Color Line Shape Form Value Texture Space
Color Color is the most expressive element of art and is seen by the way light reflects off a surface. Keith Haring, Untitled, 1982
Three Properties of Color All colors possess three basic qualities. Hue is another word for color and it is basically the color pigment present. Value involves the lightness and darkness of a color. A color is made lighter by adding white and darker by adding black. Each color also has natural value. From lightest to darkest are: Yellow, Orange, Red and Green, Blue and Violet. Intensity is the brightness or dullness of a color. A color cant be made brighter than the way the pigment comes to you in the paint tube.
Color Wheel The Color Wheel is a diagram that organizes colors. It can be reproduced by just remembering the placement of three colors: Red, Yellow and Blue. These colors can be used to make all other colors. Yellow is always placed at the top, Red to the left and Blue to the Right forming an equilateral triangle. The purpose of the color wheel is to show the relationship of colors to each other. It also helps us to find ways colors look good together (color schemes will be addressed later in this unit).
Primary Colors The primary colors are what the color wheel is based on and are indicated on this color wheel by the solid black line. They are Yellow, Red and Blue and they form an equilateral triangle. Yellow is always at the top, Red to the left, and Blue is to the right. These three colors are primary or basic and can be used to make all other colors in the world.
Secondary Colors The secondary colors are the colors connected by the dotted line. They are created by mixing two primary colors and are placed between those color on the color wheel. Yellow + Red = Orange Yellow + Blue = Green Blue + Red = Violet (also known as Purple)
Intermediate Colors Intermediate Colors are made by mixing adjacent primary and secondary colors. They are located on the color wheel between those two colors. There are six intermediate colors and are named by using the primary color first. Yellow-Green = Yellow + Green Blue-Green = Blue + Green Blue-Violet = Blue + Violet Red-Violet = Red + Violet Red-Orange = Red + Orange Yellow-Orange = Yellow + Orange
w s Warm Colors Suggest heat and flames Uche Okeke Ana Mmuo, 1961. (Land of the Dead)
Cool Colors Suggest water, grass, and shadows J.A.McNeill Whistler, Nocturne: BLue & Gold - Old Battersea Bridge, 1873
Line Line is the path of a moving point. Lines define the edges of shapes and forms.
Three Basic Properties of Line Direction Measure Character
Horizontal Line Direction Horizontal lines follow the horizon line. (The horizon line is, in a general definition, where the sky and land meet.) When they are dominant in a work of art there is a strong restful, relaxing, almost peaceful feeling within the work of art. The direction of line is important because it can control the viewers eye movement.
Direction Diagonal Line Diagonal lines are placed at angles in the composition. They are neither horizontal or vertical and they imply motion.
Vertical Lines Direction Straight up and down lines in a composition create a sense of stability. There is often a sense of structure and poise about the work of art also. This non-objective piece is very structured and stable
Measure There can be an infinite number of combinations of long and short, thick and thin lines within a composition. Thin Short Fat Long
Character The character of line shows emotional qualities and is greatly dependent on the nature of the artistic media that the artist uses. Looking at the diagram: Can you locate lines that show these feelings? Somber, tired, energetic, brittle, alive, feminity, etc.?
Shape Shape is an area enclosed by line. Shape is 2 dimensional It can be Organic or geometric. This painting by Frank Stella is a geometric abstraction, 1968
Geometric vs. Organic Shapes Geometric Shapes (such as a square, triangle, or rectangle) also called rectilinear. Organic Shapes are free form also called curvilinear shapes. Shapes in nature are usually organic: leaves, trees, mountains, clouds, animals.
Shape Shape is an area enclosed by line, or seen as an area because of color or value changes. Shapes have two dimensions. They can be geometric or organic. This abstract painting has three people that are simplified into an arrangement of flat shapes. The artist used a variety of shapes in creating the painting that sort of fits together like a puzzle. Look for these shape varieties: Large, medium & small shapes Geometric & organic shapes Flat & patterned shapes Dark & light shapes Positive & negative shapes Outlined & un-outlined shapes
NEGATIVE SHAPES THE DISCUS THROWER by MYRON Greece 460-450 BC 27
Form Forms are three Dimensional. They occupy space or give the illusion that they occupy the space.
Rectilinear forms Rectilinear forms are used in architecture. Rectilinear forms have geometric sides and have angular corners and edges.
Curvilinear forms Natural or curvilinear forms abound in nature. These curvilinear forms are free form and usually curving along the edges. Similar to what we discussed about organic shapes but now we have forms instead.
Value Value is the lightness or darkness of a surface. It is often referred to when shading but value is also important in the study of color
10 Steps of Value There are 100s of variances of value but we can easily identify 10 Steps of Value within a work of art. Can you point out the 10 Steps in this eye and in the painting above?
Texture Texture is the actual surface feel of an area or the simulated appearance of roughness, smoothness or many others.
Textural Painting Techniques Depending of the style and technique that the painter wants to use, different textural effects can be achieved. By dabbing, dotting, swirling, blending and others, painters make implied textures as they create
Space Space is the illusion of objects having depth on the two dimensional surface. Linear and aerial perspective are used.
Linear Perspective Linear perspective was devised by the Renaissance artists to show depth to help accurately to draw buildings, both exterior and interior, and other box like forms.
this is the end of the introduction to the Art Elements Art ElementsLET’S MAKE ART! 38