Eme2040 module 13: Team 3


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Eme2040 module 13: Team 3

  1. 1. By: Farrah, Blaire, and Tawny
  2. 2. ORIGINATOR OF EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING THEORY David A. Kolb gets the  David A. Kolb (1939- credit for being the present) creator of this theory, but he was assisted by Ron Fry. The Experiential Learning Theory emphasizes the ideas of John Dewey, Jean Piaget, and Kurt Lewin. www.web.cortland.edu/andersmd/learning/Kolb_files/image002.jpg
  3. 3. EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING(KOLB)Kolb’s experiential learning style theory works on two different levels: a four stage cycle of learning and four separate learning styles.The theory is concerned about the learner’s internal cognitive progresses.“Learning is the process whereby knowledge is created through the transformation of experience” (David A. Kolb, 1984).
  4. 4. EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING(KOLB) Kolb’s four stage learning cycle:1. Concrete Experience- “DO”(a new experience in a situation is encountered, or a reinterpretation of an existing experience)2. Reflective Observation- “OBSERVE” (inconsistencies between experience and understanding )3. Abstract Conceptualization- “THINK” (reflection gives rise to a new idea, or a modification of an existing abstract concept)4. Active Experimentation- “PLAN” (the learner applies them to the world around them to see what results)
  5. 5. KOLB’S EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING CYCLE www.learning-theories.com/experiential-learning-kolb.html
  6. 6. LEARNING ST YLES DESCRIPTIONS Assimilators- Students who learn best when material is presented in a lecture. Divergers- Students who learn best when they brainstorm and they prefer to work in groups. Convergers- Students who learn best when experimenting with new ideas. Accommodators Students who learn best while working “hands on”.
  7. 7. LEARNING ST YLES CYCLEwww.tsegaygirmay.com/2010/09/15/teaching-and-learning-in-higher-education-workshop-in-bahir-dar-university/
  8. 8. KOLB’S THEORY IN THE CLASSROOM: TEACHER USE Without Technology:  A teacher can determine which of the 4 learning styles each student falls under  Teachers can use hands on exercises such as a lab experiment to put concrete experiences into use  After concrete comes reflective, teachers can assign a written assignment or a group discussion reflecting on what was performed  Teachers can organize an abstract group discussion where students theorize about the assignment and the outcomes of it  Following abstract thinking, teachers can have students develop an active plan to test their theories, which leads back to concrete Experiences.
  9. 9. KOLB’S THEORY IN THE CLASSROOM: TEACHER USE With Technology:  Teachers can use the theory of concrete experiences by having the students play computer role-playing games  Next is the reflective theory, teachers could have students reflect on their experiences virtually with other students who have completed the same exercise  For the abstract theory, teachers can have the students play a simulation computer game  Similar to abstract, the teacher can have to students play a computer game to help them develop a plan for active experimentation
  10. 10. KOLB’S THEORY IN THE CLASSROOM: STUDENT USE Without Technology:  Students can participate in hands on experiments  Students can also complete written assignments to reflect on concrete experiments  Students can participate in group discussions to use abstract theory With Technology:  Students can participate in simulated computer games to understand abstract theory  Students can also use virtual chat rooms to use and understand the reflective process
  11. 11. KOLB’S THEORY IN THE CLASSROOM: PERSONAL USE This theory would be very beneficial for personal teaching in the future It could be helpful in determining which way to teach students because you can figure out their learning style Also gives a basis of four steps to take when teaching students a new topic or new project Kolb’s theory is very helpful and should be used in each classroom and will be incorporated into mine
  12. 12. SOURCES http://www.learning-theories.com/experiential-learning- kolb.html www.web.cortland.edu/andersmd/learning/Kolb_files/image0 02.jpg www.learning-theories.com/experiential-learning-kolb.html www.tsegaygirmay.com/2010/09/15/teaching -and-learning- in-higher-education-workshop-in-bahir-dar-university/