Misty Blain Edu 290 10-01-09 The Early Days of Michigan
(1636 – 1842) 3 Main Tribes: Chippewa or Ojibway Potowatomi Ottowa The Indians of Michigan daBinsi. “A Chippewa Elder" August 9, 2009 Via Flickr, Creative Commons Attribution
1st to be seen by Europeans Largest in Michigan – they lived in the up and on the shore of Lake Huron in the Lower Peninsula. Anishinabe (ah nish in A bey) Means first man Algonquin Language Hunted and fished for food Gathered berries Dried food and saved for winter Chippewa or Ojibway Cseeman. “Wild Berries in Saline, Michigan” July 4, 2009. Via Flicker/creative commons
Lived in Southern Michigan Name comes from Ojibwa phrase Means fire Algonquin Language Big farmers Used fire to burn off grass before they planted food Corn, squash, beans, tobacco, melons, and sunflowers Potowatomi
Lived in the western part of Michigan Algonquin Language Name came from Adawa which means to trade. Traded woven mats & furs for pottery & sea shells. Corn, sunflower oil, tobacco, and medicinal herbs were traded too. Experts in the use of canoes. Ottawa
St. Lawrence river a pathway Contest between: England France Holland Spain Many did not go far into the land of the U.S. Exploring North America
Etienne (Brulé) Did not write about his travels First European to see MI Brulé and Grenoble (assistant) helped find Michigan Reached the U.P. in 1622 Land was called “new France” Finding Michigan!
The land was claimed for France In June 1671 St. Lussian proclaimed that the land belonged to France. Claiming Michigan
Forts were being built 1686 Duluth builds for St. Joseph at Port Huron 1690 Fort de Buade is built at St. Ignace 1691 fort St. Joseph in built at Niles. Seeking Michigan. “Augustus Mitchell Map of Michigan” February 19, 2008. Via Flicker/creative commons
June 4th 1701 Cadillac left Montreal in a convoy of 25 canoes which carried 50 soldiers and 50 voyageurs along with some Indians On the 23rd of June they reached Grosse Ille Next day they began work on fort pontchartrain Detroit is Born!
Center of fur trade Originally in St. Ignace Rebuilt in Mackinac city in 1781 The fort michilimackinac was later moved to Mackinac Island in 1979 Michilimackinac Jim Frazier. “Fort Mackinac and Block House” August 4, 2007. Via Flicker/creative commons
From 1754 to 1760 Began over a land feud between French and British. Both sides wanted the Indians to joins them. Indians fought on both sides French and Indian War
British would not leave Indians wanted to keep their land When the British left the us took possession of the Michigan territory. The land then had to be surveyed before people could live there. U.S. takes possession of the Michigan territtory
War started when the Americans got hungry fro more Indian land. It was the British and Indians vs.. the Americans American army was concentrated near Toledo Ohio. Peace treaty was made December 25th 1914. Lewis Cass was made governor of the Michigan territory War of 1812
200 years earlier the French explorers used rivers and lakes to travel. Now (1800) 200 years later water was still the easiest was to travel. SO, in 1817 the governor of New York state decided to build the Erie Canal. This gave another new route to Michigan making the state more and more accessible since There were not that many roads to use. A new route to Michigan
In the 1800’s people started to clear the land to farm and live. The planted whatever they could and whatever they needed. One of the biggest crops was wheat. There was diseases that caused a lot of troubles for the settlers, cholera was a big one. Most of the settlers helped each other survive and get through daily life and schools were started for the children. Foraging the landscape and Michigan life
There was a change in leadership and Stevens T. Mason when to talk to president Andrew Jackson and talked him into letting his son become the governor of Michigan. So Mason can go to Texas undercover. He had inherited land there. Now The young Stevens T. Mason was the new governor of Michigan. He was only 18 when appointed to the position. Michigan is almost ready to be a state!
Step 1: In the beginning a territory has no elected officials. Its governed by an appointed governor and three judges. The governor can appoint lesser officials Step 2: once there are 5,000 free adult men, an elected legislature or general assembly is formed but the governor must approve of all laws. The governor, secretary, and judges are still appointed. Step 3:one there are 60, 000 people in the territory, it can become a state, entering the union equal to all other states. 3 steps to becoming a state
By 1834 Michigan had 85, 000 people living in the soon to be state. Mason requested that Michigan become a state but congress voted no! Land disputes started between Michigan and Ohio over the Ohio Strip. Four weeks after Michigan agreed to change their southern border congress voted to let Michigan join the rest of the states. MICHIGAN IS NOW A STATE!!! A State at Last!
McConnell, David B. Foreging the Peninsulas. Hillsdale Educational Publishers, inc. 2001. Greenman, Emmerson F. The Indians of Michigan. A John M. History Fund Publication. Pamphlet #5. Michigan Historical Commission Lansing, 1961. Clipart from Microsoft. References