Start with VC storyWe’ve come a long way… FOSS is becoming the FIRST choice of technology, it is running our planes, our trains and our automobiles and not the least powering a revolution in healthcare through initiatives like OSEHRA and many othersAs the expression goes, “Software is eating the world” and open source is leading the way
What I’m going to talk about today is some of the key industry trends and dynamics impacting the open source ecosystem today:Me – a little background so that you understand what I say is like as if it was written on stone tabletsState of FOSS – where we are in the evolution of FOSSEconomics – the financial impact of FOSS and how it has changed the software ecosystemFOSS and EHR – where FOSS plays in healthcareMajor trends impacting FOSS adoption and their impact on healthcare
I live in the hotbed of open source Durango, CO,do any of you know where that is?It’s a little ski resort and old west town in southern Colorado where I moved with my family a couple of years after spending 25 years near S.F.
FOSS SDLC management
SOME of the fundamentals of open source are:Developing – collaborative, transparent and meritocratic wayLicensing – freedom to modify and distribute softwareDistribution – frictionless distribution Acquiring – download and useConsuming – use, contribute, publish your ownLet’s talk about Innovation – in the early days it was about “good enough”, lower cost, and disintermediation, now people and companies are realizing that open source can DRIVE technology innovation (hadoop, nosql movement) and computing models (Inner source)Commoditizer
All right, now that the intro is over lets get on to the main contentToday, companies with outdated hierarchical and closed development models are chasing more innovative companies who are incorporating open source, open,transparent and agile development models and leveraging and engaging withexternal and communities. By 2016, FOSS will be included in 99% of global 2000 enterprises software portfolios With 100% enterprise penetration, being a core underpinning of all new major technologies from virtualization to mobile, big data and cloud computing, along with the rapid influx of end users into, and driving, communities, open source is the most important fundamental technology and way of computing today.
Supply whether or not there is demand Long tail economics – think about this, what other source of economic value can exist and flourish like this?Jeff Bezos – Amazon - $65mDue to abundance developers skills have changed from writing completely new code to seekers and assemblers – more effeciency
Gen 1. the advent of the individual innovators/originators – Richard Stallman, Linus, Eric Raymond, Bruce PerensCharacterized by extremism – necessary to break through the current status
Gen 2. the advent of “commercial” open source innovators – Larry Augustin, Marten Mickos, Bob young, Eric Fleury, Rod Johnson
Gen 3. traditional vendors start getting engaged – VMWare & Spring, Rackspace and OpenStack, Yahoo and Hadoop, Facebook and Cassandra and Hive, IBM - Linux
Gen 4. Now it’s the end users time – VA and OSEHRA, NYSE and OpenMAMA, Nasa – lots of FOSS, Airbus and Polarsys, JP Morgan and CDS and OpenMAMA, BMW and Genivi
AbundanceThe maturation and proliferation of FOSS is causing sourcing and management challenges for vendors and consumers alike.ScarcityThe developers themselves are not scarce but their capacity for contributing to individual and multiple projects is limited and can constrain growth of communities. Also, the development of a commercial community takes tremendous financial and human resources and time.
End users can obtain code/support for MySQLAs a commercial product from OracleAs part of standard Linux distributionsFrom a range of smaller integrators and support providersDirectly from the project repositoryNote that they can also (in theory) contribute to the project as well
How many of you drive a car? How many of you bought one in the last 2 years?Super or End-User driven communities are one of the latest trends in open source. Their formation can have a tremendous affect on multiple constituencies:Industry segment – the existing industry segment has to learn new ways of developing and deploying technologies and business models, while potentially supporting existing customers who are not participating in the new initiative, disruption can occur when new industry participants are facilitated by an open source initiativeOpen source startups and innovation –open source companies can be either negatively impacted by industry consortia open sourcing a competitive technology to what they’re monetizing or positively if their technology is adopted by the consortiaTraditional technology vendors – see aboveAligned around a vertical industry platform – a “community of communities”Self-organized ecosystem and a supply chain usually driven by a consortium or alliance of key industry playersCollaboration on lowest value-add non-differentiated software Coop-etition model to achieve industry-wide economies of scaleCollaborative, transparent community / meritocracy-based development styleReduces dependency on any single entity and increases rate of innovation and adoption
GENIVI is a non-profit alliance committed to driving the broad adoption of an In-Vehicle Infotainment (IVI) SW reference platformTarget non-differentiating elements of the IVI software / platform stackDeploy classic FOSScontribution & distribution model, building upon standards Members represent billions of $$$ in products, solutions and services
Linux: The free software kernel for the GNU/Linux operating systemThe Linux Foundation: non-profit consortium dedicated to fostering the growth of Linux, and promoting standardization and technical collaboration of Open SourceOpen Stack: the leading open source Cloud management platformFirefox: the leading open source browser – part of the Mozilla projectThe Apache Foundation: provides support for the Apache community of over 100 open-source software projects, covering code, licensing, governance Genivi: non-profit industry alliance committed to driving the broad adoption of an In-Vehicle Infotainment (IVI) open-source development platformEclipse: IDE environment, platform and frameworkOSEHRA: supports an open, collaborative community of users, developers, and companies engaged in advancing electronic health record software and health information technology.Android: mobile applications platformVANITY Foundations
The State of Open Source Open Sourcedeveloping, licensing, distributing, acquiring and consuming software Open Source Ethos collaboration, transparency, meritocracy and licensing model Open Source Innovation The collaborative and transparent creation or improvement of products, technologies or ideas.
Open Source the IT CatalystOpen Source is a vital facilitator of innovation and fundamental “market maker” oftechnology adoption, and will continue to have a dramatic impact on all segments of IT
Trends– Coexisting Feast and Famine• Abundance – Over 2,000 repositories – 100s of forges – Maturation and proliferation causing: • Balkanization • Sourcing and evaluation challenges • Brand confusion• Scarcity – Those same developers that drive abundance are themselves, scarce – Demand outstripping availability
Trends - Complexity Vendor Project Project Android GENIVI Integrators & Small Support Providers Linux DistributionsEnd Users
Inner-Sourcing Forge.mil- 15,000+ DoD developers, IT experts, and users sharing lessons learned, best practices, and solutions 87% Savings!- Over 700 development efforts- Over 100 sub-communities- 1,700 software releases available- Contributions include over • 144,000 software commits • 86,000 downloads • 11,000 discussion posts • 66,000 documents • 7,200 wiki pages • 1,600 software repositoriesand Growing . . .
“Super Communities” Aligned around a vertical industry platform Collaboration on lowest-value software Education Self-organized ecosystem and supply chain Coop-etition model AutomotiveHealthcareAerospace Finance Eclipse - Polarsys Lodestone - Open Source for Capital Markets and Beyond
Silicon OSVs, M/W, H/W, Services Tier I OEMs GENIVI Alliance and over 100 others
Foundations The Copyleft Strong Foundation Linux Kernel Openstack Firefox Copyleft WeakLicense The Apache Foundation Copyleft Non- GENIVI Eclipse OSEHRA Permissive Android Opinion Single Committee- Commercial Members Ad Hoc Closed Leaders Moderator Based Support Only Governance Model (how contributions are managed and accepted)
Open Source - Beyond Technology Open SourceBiomedical Research Project Haystack