World War I
Allies Central Powers
Great Britain Germany
Russia Ottoman Empire
Having to accept full responsibility Germany
was forced to reduce its armed forces and
had to pay the allies $33 billion. German
colonies’ and coal fields’ were also taken
away as punishment for the war.
Effects of WWI
Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia ,
Poland, Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia,
and Yugoslavia were created after the war.
The League of Nations was established at
the end of the war to maintain world
Countries forming partnerships
with each other help to form the
building blocks of WWI.
Pride in one’s nation in the 1920’s was popular
but also was a main cause for The Great War
European nations wanted more land
and competed for colonies. They
bigger the country the better it
Countries with strong militaries
easily controlled undevolped
nations. Large militaries needed
resources and land.
Map of Alliances and Central Powers
Challenges of the Trenches
The attacks from the enemies artillery
would come from dawn to dusk.
Attacking was a difficult task due to
the enemies’ barbwire and machine
Problems In the Trenches
Mud, rats, trench foot, maggots, lice,
disease, and the cold are all problems
soldiers of World War I faced in the
Trenches were built in order to protect a side’s
position and cut down on human loss.
The Germans used unrestricted
submarine warfare to sink all ships
headed towards the Allies nations to
have a quick victory on the western
front. To help assure the Germans
would not attack merchant ships
without warning the Germans
promised the Sussex Pledge.
A note from an ambassador of Germany
was sent to Mexico asking the Mexican
government to attack the United
States. In exchange the Germans
promised they would aid the Mexicans
in retrieving some of the land that the
US took from the Mexicans.
Sinking of Lusitania
The United States was
outraged to hear about a
passenger boat carrying 100
children and 128 Americans
sink because of a German U-
Boat that thought that the
Lusitania was carrying
ammunition and attacked it.
Strand the Germans
Americans cut off the German rail
lines and attacked through the
Argonne Forest. It took 47 days and
1.2 soldiers to completely cut off all of
German lines begin to crumble by
October of 1918. By November the
allies have captured the high and
Germany surrenders. On the 11th
hour, 11th day of the 11th month in
1918 the war ends.
US in WWI
General Pershing was the leader of the US troops.
There were 1 million soldiers in the United States by