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Nicole Hartl (Milly)

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World War I Virtual Museum

World War I Virtual Museum

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Transcript

  • 1. Walter's World Museum
  • 2. World War 1 Exhibit
  • 3. Trench Warfare
  • 4. EXIT
  • 5.
    • A solider stuck in barbwire Fencing.
  • 6.
    • Reason 1 – Create New Countries
    • Russia: Poland, Finland, Latria, Lithuania, and Estonia
    • Austria – Hungry: Austria, Hungry, Checkoslovaki, and Yugoslavia
    • Ottoman Empire: Divided up between the Allies
    • Reason 2 – Punishes Germany
    • Must take full responsibility for the war
    • Pay for the war – 33 billon dollars
    • Reason 3 – Creates the Leagues of Nations (Unites Nations, UN)
    • Organization of countries designed to maintain peace and stability
  • 7.
    • General Pershing lead the U.S. troops
    • By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy, and France
    • In 1918 Russia has a revolution and they drop out of the war
    • Now Germany can concentrate on the Western front
    • By July, 1918 the U.S. have 1 million troops in the war
    • We cut off the German rail line which supply the German troops
    • We attack through the Argonne Forest. It takes 47 days and 1.2 million soldiers were cut off their supply
    • By October 1918 German lines are crumbling
    • In November the Allies have captured the high ground and Germany surrenders
    • The 11 th hour, the 11 th day, of the 11 th month in 1918 the war ends.
  • 8.
    • Reason 1 – Sinking the Lusitania
    • The Lusitania was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunition.
    • A German Submarine sunk the ship (U-boat)
    • 1,198 passengers died (128 American)
    • President Wilson demanded that the Germans apologized and pay for damages
  • 9.
    • Reason 2 – Unrestricted Submarine Warfare
    • Sussex Pledge
    • Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning them and rescuing passengers
    • By 1917 Germany is defeating Russia on the Easter front, they want a quick victory on the Western front
    • To do this they used unrestricted submarine warfare
    • Sinking ALL ships headed towards allied Nations
  • 10.
    • Reason 3 – Zimmermann Note
    • Zimmermann was a German officer
    • He sent a letter to Mexico asking them to attack the US
    • In exchange he promised that Germany would aid them in retrieving some of the land that the US took from them
  • 11.
    • Militarism – Building up the Military
    • The Military was built for two reasons
    • 1) Protect their colonies
    • 2) Peer pressure
    • They used mandatory draft to accomplish this
    • Russia Had the largest army, Germany was the best trained, and Britain had the largest Navy.
  • 12.
    • Mud
    • Rats
    • Smell
    • Body Rot
    • Cold
    • Staying Dry
    • Maggots
    • Lice
    • Disease
  • 13.
    • To protect their position and to cut down on losses both sides dug trenches.
    • At night supplies were brought in and scouts were sent out.
    • At dawn/dusk attacks came: Hit them with artillery and then went over the top.
    • Soldiers had to go through barbwire, machinegun fire, and craters.
  • 14.
    • Nationalism – Pride In You Country
    • Pan-German Movement
    • -The hope to unite all German speaking people
    • Pan-Slavic
    • -The hope to unite all Slavic (Russian Speaking) people
    • EX- Bosnia – 95% speak Slavic language yet is controlled by Berman Speaking Austria
  • 15.
    • Imperialism - Competing for Colonies
    • European nations were competing for land
    • They believed “Bigger is Better”
    • EX – Africa, Bosnia, Allsace & Lorraine
  • 16.
    • Nationalism – Pride in your country
    • Imperialism – Competing for Colonies
    • Militarism – Building up the Military
    • Alliance – Forming partnership with other nations
    Allies Great Britain France Russia United States Central Powers Germany Austria Ottoman Empire