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Nick Bessett


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World War I Virtual Museum

World War I Virtual Museum

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  • 1. WWI Museum This way to the next room
  • 2. Causes of World War 1 Exit
  • 3. Alliances The central powers consisted of Germany, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire. The Allies consisted of Great Britain, Russia. (and the U.S. in 1917)
  • 4. Nationalism
    • The Pan-German movement: Is the hope to unite all German speaking people.
    • The Pan-Slavic movement: Is the hope to unite all Slavic (Russian) speaking people.
    • Bosnia: 95% of people in Bosnia speak Slavic language. Yet it is controlled by German speaking Austria.
  • 5. Imperialism
    • European nations were competing for land
    • The believed that “Bigger is better”
  • 6. Why the U.S. entered WWI
  • 7. Why we Entered the War
    • The first reason why we entered the war was because of the Lusitania was hit with a torpedo and was sunk.
    • -The Lusitania was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunition.
    • -Nearly 2,000 passengers on board died. (128 of them were Americans)
    • - President Wilson demanded that the Germans must apologize and pay for the damages
  • 8. Why we Entered the War
    • The second reason why the U.S. entered the war is because of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare.
    • -Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning them and rescuing passengers first.
    • -They were sinking all ships that were heading towards allied nations
  • 9. Militarism
  • 10. Militarism
    • The military was built for two main reasons
    • 1: To protect colonies
    • 2: Peer pressure for neighboring countries
  • 11. Russia, Germany, and Britain
    • During WWI Russia had the biggest army out of every country that was fighting.
    • Also Germany had the best trained army of them all. So they had the best strategies out of all the countries.
    • But Britain had the biggest navy which caused some problems for countries that didn’t have a navy.
  • 12. Trench Warfare
  • 13. Why trenches were made
    • To protect their positions & to cut down on losses both sides dug trenches
    • At night supplies were brought in & scouts were set out
  • 14. No man’s land
    • At dawn/ dusk attacks came. Hit them with artillery & then go over the top
    • Had to go through Barbwire, machine gun fire, craters, etc.
  • 15. Problems in the trenches
    • The problems in the trenches included: mud, rats, smell, dead bodies, rot, cold, staying dry, maggots, lice and disease
  • 16. U.S. in WWI Back to Causes of WW1
  • 17. U.S in the war
    • By October, 1918 German lines are crumbling
    • In November the Allies have captured the high ground & Germany surrenders
    • The 11 th hour, the 11 th day of the 11 th month in 1918 the war ends
  • 18. U.S in the war
    • General Pershing led the U.S. troops in WWI
    • By 1917 Germany controlled: Belgium, Italy, & N. France
    • By 1918 Russia has a revolution & they drop out of the war.
    • -Now Germany can concentrate on the western front
    • By July, 1918 the U.S. have 1 million troops in the war
    • We cut off the German rail lines which supply their troops
    • -We attack through the Argonne Forest. It takes us 47 days & 1.2 million soldiers but we cut off their supply
  • 19. Exit Click here to exit