Mikayla Lucas

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World War I Virtual Museum

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Mikayla Lucas

  1. 1. Trench Warfare
  2. 2. • Pan-German; Groups who wanted to unite all German speaking people. • Pan-Slavic; Unite all Slavic speaking people. – Bosnia- 95% speak Slavic language yet controlled by a German speaking Austria.
  3. 3. • European countries are competing for colonies. • “Bigger is better.” • Areas of conflict: Africa, Bosnia, Alsace, Lorranie.
  4. 4. • Military was built for two reasons. – To protect their colonies. – Peer Pressure. They used a mandatory draft. Russia had the largest Army, Germany had the best trained and Britain had the largest Navy.
  5. 5. • Central Powers: – Germany – Austria – Ottoman Empire • Allies: – Britain – France – Russia – United States • Alliances- Forming partnership with other nations.
  6. 6. • Problems in trenches: Mud, Rats, Smell, Body Rot, Cold, Staying dry, Maggots, Lice, Disease. • To protect their positions & to cut down on losses. Both sides dug trenches. • At Night supplies were brought in & scouts were sent out. • At dawn / dusk attacks came : hit them with artillery & then go over the top. • Had to go through barbwire, machine gun fire and craters.
  7. 7. • Sinking of the Lusitania – It was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunitions. – 1,198 passengers died. (128 were Americans) – President Wilson demanded that Germany apologized pay for damage. • Unrestricted submarine warfare – Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning them and rescuing the passengers. – By 1917 Germany is defeating Russia on the eastern front, they want a quick victory on the western front – They do this they use unrestricted submarine warfare. – Sinking All ships headed towards allied nations. • Zimmermann Note – Zimmerman was a German Official. – He sent a letter to Mexico asking them to attack the United States. – In exchange he promised that Germany would Aid them in retrieving some of the land that we took from them.
  8. 8. -German pershing led the U.S. troops. -We attack through the Argonne Forest. It takes -By 1917 Germany controlled U.S. 47 days and 1.2 Belgium, Italy, and N. million soldiers but we cut France. of their supply. -Now Germany can -By October 1918 German concentrate on the lines are crumbling. western front. -In November the Allies have -By July 1918 the U.S. have 1 captured the high ground million troops in the war. and Germany surrenders. -We cut off the German rail -The 11th day of the 11th lines which supply their month in 1918 war ends! troops.
  9. 9. Treaty Of Versailies • New Nations Created. • Germanys Punishment – Russia =Finland, Latvia, - Germany must accept full Lithuanian, Estonia, and responsibility. They took away Poland. their colonies, coal field and the – Austria-Hungary= areas of Alsace and Lorraine. Austria, Hungary, - Greatly reduced Germanys Czechoslovakia, forces. Yugoslavia. Forced them to pay 33 billion to – Ottoman Empire- the allies. Divided up to be -They were only able to pay 4.5 controlled by the allies. billion dollars. •Create the league of Nations -An organization of nations established at the end of WWI to maintain world stability.

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