Lucia Hernandez (Museum)
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Lucia Hernandez (Museum)

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World War I Virtual Museum

World War I Virtual Museum

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Lucia Hernandez (Museum) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Causes of world war I
  • 2. Nationalism/ Imperialism
  • 3. Causes of Militarism/ world war I Alliances
  • 4. Nationalism/ Trenches Imperialism Warfare
  • 5. Why US Militarism/ entered to Alliances WW1
  • 6. Trenches US in world Warfare war I
  • 7. Why US entered to Treaty of WW1 Versailles
  • 8. US in the WW1 EXIT
  • 9. Causes of World War I • Nationalism -Pride in your country • Imperialism -Competing for colonies • Militarism -Building up of the military • Alliances -Forming partnerships with other nations
  • 10. Nationalism • Nationalism: Pride in your country -PAN-German movement -the hope to unite all German speaking people. -PAN-Slavic movement -The hope to unite all Slavic(Russian) speaking people. -EX:Bosnia-95% speak Slavic language ,yet it is controlled by German speaking
  • 11. •
  • 12. Militarism • Militarism: Building up the military. -Military was built up for 2 reasons. 1. To protect their colonies 2. Peer pressure -They used a mandatory draft to accomplish this. -Russia had the largest army, Germany the best trained , Britain had the largest navy.
  • 13. Alliances • Alliances: Forming partnerships with other nations. • Central Powers: Germany, Austria, Ottoman Empire. • Allies: Britain, France, Russia (United States)
  • 14. Trench Warfare • To protect their positions and to cut down on losses both sides dug trenches. • At night ,supplies were brought in and scouts were sent out. • At dawn/dusk attacks came: hit then with artillery and then go over the top. • Had to go through barbwire, machinegun fire, craters. • Problems in the trenches: mud, rats smell body rot, cold ,staying dry, maggots, ice, disease.
  • 15. Why U.S. entered to WW I 1.Sinking of the Lusitania -It was a passenger ship that was secretly carrying ammunitions. -a German submarine sunk the ship -1,198 passengers died (128 were Americans) -President Wilson demanded that the Germans apologize and pay for damages. 2.Unrestricted submarine warfare -Sussex pledge -Germany promised not to sink merchant ships without first warning them and rescuing passengers. -By 1917 Germany is defeating Russia on the Eastern front they want a quick victory on the western front. -To do this they use unrestricted submarine warfare. -sinking all ships headed toward allied nations. 3.Zimmermann Note -Zimmermann was a German official. -He sent a letter to Mexico asking them to attack the U.S.
  • 16. U.S. in WW I • General Pershing led the U.S. troops • By 1917 Germany controlled Belgium ,Italy and N. France. • 1918 Russia has a revolution and the troops out of the war. • Now Germany can concentrate on the western front. • By July 1918 of the U.S. have 1 million troops in the war. • We cut off the German rail lines which attack through the Argonne Forest. It takes us 47 days and 1.2 million soldiers but we cut off their supply. • By October ,1918 German lines are crumbling. • In November the allies have captured the high ground and Germany surrenders. • The 11 hour, the 11 day of the 11 month in 1918 the war ends.
  • 17. TREATY OF VERSAILLES • Create new countries -Russia: Poland, Finland, latria, Lithuania, Estonia -Austria-Hungary: Austria, Hungary, Czech, Yugoslavia. -Ottoman Empire: Divided up between the Allies • Punishes Germany -Must take full responsibility for the war. -Pay for the war $ 33 billion • Created the league of Nations -Organization of countries designed to maintain peace; stability